(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Royal naval biography : or Memoirs of the services of all the flag-officers, superannuated rear-admirals, retired-captains, post-captains and commanders, whose names appeared on the Admiralty list of sea officers at the commencement of the year, or who have since been promoted; illustrated by a series of historical and explanatory notes. With copious addenda"

>3) 
ROYAL 

NAVAL BIOGRAPHY; 

OR, 

jikmoir of tfjc ?ettoite$ 

OF ALL THE 

FLAG-OFFICERS, 

SUPERANNUATED REAR-ADMIRALS, 
RETIRED-CAPTAINS, 

POST-CAFTAINS, 
AND COMMANDERS, 

Whose Names appeared on the Admiralty List of Sea-Officers at the commence- 
ment of the year 1823,- or who have since been promoted ; 

Illustrated by a Series of 

HISTORICAL AND EXPLANATORY NOTES, 

Which Will be-found to contain an account of all the 

NAVAL ACTIONS, AND OTHER IMPORTANT EVENTS, 

FROM THE COMMENCEMENT OF THE LATE REIGN, IN 1 /GO, 
TO THE PRESENT PERIOD. 

WJTH COPIOUS ADDENDA. 

^* V ; 



BV JOHN MARSHALL (B), 

LIEUTENANT IN THE ROYAL NAVT. 



"Failures, however frequent, may admit of extenuation and apology. To have attempted 
much is always laudable, even when the enterprise is above the strength that undertakes it. 
To deliberate whenever 1 doubted, to enquire whenever I was ignorant, would have protracted 
the undertaking without end, and perhaps without improvement. I saw that one enquiry only 
gave occasion to another, that book referred to book, that to search was not always tofind, and 
to find was not always to be informed ; and that thus to pursue perfection, vas, like the first 
inhabitants of Arcadia, to chase the sun, which, when they had reached the hill where he 
seemed to rest, was still beheld at the same distance from them.*' Johnson. 



VOL. IV.- PART I. 



Honfcon : 

PRIMED FOR l.ONGMAN-REES, OHME, BROWN, GREEN, AND LOKGMAX, 
J'ATEKNOSTER ROW. 

1833. 














W. Pople, Printer, 
fl7. Chancery Lane. 



CONTENTS OF VOL. IV. PART I. 



COMMANDERS. 



Page 

Alcock, Richard - - - 66 

Alexander, John 4 

Alexander, Nicholas - - 360 
Annesley, Francis Charles 306 & 432 

Anthony, Charles - - 147 

Arrow, John Jordan - - 154 

Arscott, Thomas - - 205 

Askey, James - . - 249 

Athill, James - - 213 

Babington, James Boyle - 411 

Baker, Francis - - - 280 

Baker, Henry (a) - - 224 

Baker, Henry (6) - - 272 

Banks, Francis - - - 120 

Banks, John - - - 72 

Barrell, Justinian - - 343 

Baumgardt, William Augustus - 342 

Bazalgette, Joseph William - 197 

Benett, Charles Cowper - - 271 

Berney, John - - 278 

Bignell, George - 400 

Blackler, Robert Tom 27 

Bluett, Richard - - - 417 

Boss, John George 28 

Boswell, Walter - - 220 

Bourchier, William - - 400 

Bourne, Henry - - - 132 

Bowden, Richard Booth - 116 

Bowen, George - - - 240 

Boyd, David - - - 341 

Boyes, Henry - - - 359 

Boys, Edward (a) - - 283 

Bremer, James 9 

Brett, Peircy 34 

Brown, Adam - - - ' 154 

Brown, Samuel 20 

Buchanan, Archibald - - 273 

Buchannan, William - - 72 

Buller, Thomas Wentworth - 417 

Burnaby, Sir William C. H. - 199 



Page 

Burton, George Guy - - 334 

Burton, Richard 75 

Bury, Thomas - - 268 

Campbell, John (A) - - 145 

Campbell, Lewis - - - 416 

Canning, George - 227 

Carew, Thomas - 207 

Case, William - 73 

Chalmers, Charles William - 239 

Chiene, John - - - 140 

Christian, Jonathan 32 

Clarke, Fletcher Norton - 328 

Clephan, James 6 

Cobb, Smith - - 80 

Cobbe, William - - 214 

Cochrane, John Dundas - 307 

Colby, Thomas - - 196 

Collins, Edward - - 223 

Conolly, Matthew - - 135> 

Copeland, Richard - - 370 

Corbyn, Joseph - - 224 

Cotgrave, Edward Stone - 359 

Cramer, John 5 

Crichton, James Aug. S. - 75 

Croker, Richard - - 272 

Crooke, Charles Henry - 396 

Cumby, Charles - - 144 

Curran, John Bartholomew H. - 27 

Curzon, Hon. T. Roper - 114 

Dalgleish, James - - 135 

Dalyell, W. Cunningham C. - 94 

Davies, James - 409 

Davies, John (b) - - - 415 

Davy, John - - - 301 

Dawkins, William Robert - 398 
Debenham, John - 312 & 432 

Delafons, Thomas - - 153 

De Rippe, James 6 

Devonshire, Richard - - 329 

Dickens, Samuel Trevor - 153 



CONTESTS. 



Dickinson, Thomas (It) 
Dickson, William Henry 
Dixie, Alexander 
Domett, George 
Dougal, George 
Douglas, Pringle Home 
Douglas, William Henry 
Drury, Henry 
Du Cane, Charles 
Dunn, Nicholas J. C. 
Dunn, 1'ascoe 
Dutton, Thomas 
Duval, Francis 
Eastwood, Joseph 
Edwards, John (<) 
Edwards, Richard F. 
Edwards, Thomas A. 
Elphinstorie, Alexander F. 
Elton, Henry 

Eyre, Thomas - f f*t .*-i* 
Falkiner, Charles L. 
Farwell, Charlt-s 
Felix, Robert R. 
F<'niu'll, John - -^ - : 
Ferris, Thomas 
Fisher, John 
Fitzmaurice, Gamaliel 
Fleming, John 
Fleming, Richard Howell 
Forbes, John 
Forster, Thomas 
Fuller, Rose Henry 
Gallwey, Thomas 
Gape, Joseph 
Gardner, James Baynton 
Garrety, James Henry 
Giddy, Charles 
Giles, Robert 
Gill, Thomas 
Gilmour, John 
Glen, Nisbet - 
Gordon, George , r , 

Gordon, James Gabriel 
Gordon, Robert James 
Gordon, William 
Greenaway, Richard 
Greene, Charles 
Greenlaw, John P. 
Gregory, William 
Griffinhoofe, Thomas S. 
Groves, James 
Hall, Edward ~ - , ,-, 
Hall, William 
Hamley, William - 
Hamlyn, Charles 
Harness, Richard S. - ..- 
Harris, James - - . ,.' >- 
Harvey, Charles B. - .,;>* 



Page Page 

251 Hatton, Henry John - - 397 

376 Haultain, Charles .... 243 

207 Haverfield, Robert T. - - 328 

406 Hawkins, Abraham M. - - 91 

364 Hay, Patrick Duff Henry - - 398 

199 Hay, Robert - - - - 411 

140 Haydon, William - - - 11 

28 Haymes, Philip George - - 343 

398 Heaslop, John Colpoys - - 419 

152 Herrick, William Henry - - 118 

271 Hewes, Thomas Oldacres - - 13 

33 Hiltier, Curry William - - 205 

270 Hillyar, William - - - 328 

371 Hilton, George - - - 204 

143 Hilton, John - 250 

3-28 Hird, William - 305 

304 Hole, Charles - - . - -76 

270 IJoluian, William 64 

212 Holmes, William - - 375 

73 Hood, Silas Thomson - - 357 

116 Hore, Herbert W. - - 216 

G5 Hore, Samuel B. - - 114 

418 Horn, Philip T. 406 

220 Hoskins, Samuel - 282 

401 Howell, Joseph B. - - - 407 

209 Huggins, James E. - - - 273 

. 33 Hutchinson, Charles- - - 304 

337 Hutchinson, William (a) - - 198 

412 Incledon, Robert - - 114 

65 Ingham, George - 224 

151 Irons, John - - 12 

277 Jackson, Robert M.- - - 153 

65 Jackson, William U.- - - 127 

151 James, Edwin - - - 156 

359 Jekyll, John - - 65 

7 Johnson, Edward - 327 
331 Julian, John - 22.3 

64 Julyan, Robert - - - 202 

239 Kains, John - - - 148 

8 Keenan, John 72 
145 Keith, Sir George M. - - 152 
341 Kelly, William (6) ... 27 
375 Kent, Bartholomew - 354 
201 Kent, William G. C. - - 161 
37 1 King, Henry - , - - 335 
199 Kinsman, John K. - - - 118 

304 Kneeshaw, Joshua r 148 
238 Knight, Hood . - .. - - 2(, 

5 Lambert, John - - - 221 

. 115 Lascelles, John F. - * - 329 

150 Laugharne, William- - - 332 

75 Lechmere, Charles - 399' 

305 Le Hunte, Francis - - - 275 
2'1 Leith, William F. - 239 
330 Le Vesconte, Philip - - - 415 
330 Lewin, Richard J. - 339 
371 Lowcay, Henry * - 127 
301 Lowthian, Robert - - 145 



CONTENTS. 



Page 

Luke, George (4) - 2ii3 

Lynne, Henry 5 

M'Coy, Robert - - 227 

M'Cullocli, Thomas - 80 

M'Killop, John G. M'B. 193 

M'Konochie, Alexander - - 399 

M'Meekan, Arthur 70 

M'Pherson, George - - . 409 

M'Quhae, Peter - - 272 

Maingy, J'eter - - 364 

Mangles, James - - 361 

Mansel, Thomas - - 239 

Mapleton, David - - 157 

Marrett, Joseph - - 71 

Marshall, Henry M. - - 278 

Mason, Henry Browne - - 369 

Matthews, Michael - - 401 

Meade, John - - 83 

Mcara, James - - 213 

Mcdlicott, John - - 200 

Mercadell, Alexander - - 331 

Methven, Thomas - - 64 

Molesworth, Baurchier - - 154 

Monilaws, William - - 404 

Montgomery, Thomas - - 363 

Moore, Charles (4) - - 418 

Moorman, Richard - - 2^8 

Morgan, John F. - - 335 

Morgan, Thomas - - 340 

Morris, John Row - - 221 

Murley, William - - 132 

Nares, William H. - - 281 

Neill, Joseph - - 396 

Newton, Vincent - - 198 

Nicholas, John - - 198 

Ninis, George - - 221 

Norton, George , - - 217 

Oliver, James - - 140 

Oliver, Robert (a) - 329 

Otty, Allen - - 373 

Owen, Charles C. - - 342 

Parker, Frederick A. H. - - 240 

Parker, Henry - - 280 

Parson, John - - 408 

Patey, Joseph - - 374 

Paynter, John P. - 416 

Pearson, Charles 305 

Pearson, Hugh - 202 

Pedlar, George - - 334 

Pengelley, Charles - - 331 

Penruddocke, George - - 270 

Phillips, John Geo. - - 336 

Pickard, James - - 209 

Pigot, Richard H. H. - - 200 

Pilch, Robert - - 139 

Popplewell, Matthew J. 132 

Poyntz, Newdigate - - 400 

Price, John - 69 



Page 

Prickctt, John - - 75 

Pyne, Henry - 301 

Radfonl, Samuel - - 149 

Rayley, Charles - - 135 

Revans, Thomas - - 407 

Rich, Charles - - 406 

Richards, William - - 261 

Rhodes, John H. - - 271 

Roberts, Daniel - - 70 

Roberts, Mitchell - - 333 

Roberts, Thomas - - 1 

Roberts, William (a) - - 406 

Roberts, William G. 401 

Roberts, William P. - - 69 

Robinett, Roger - - 335 

Rokeby, Henry R. - 368 

Rooke, Frederick W. 69 

Rose, James - - 119 

Rowed, Henry - - 218 

St. Clair, David Latimcr - 83 

Sanders, Thomas - - 408 

Sarmon, George Woods - 367 

Scobell, George T. - - 34 

Scott, Edward F. - - 401 

Scott, Henry W. - - 364 

Scott, John - - 359 

Scriven, Timothy - - 122 

Seager, John - "- - 221 

Seward, Charles - - 340 

Seymour, Francis E. - - 154 

Shaw, Isaac - - 117 

Shed, Robert - - - 222 

Shepherd, John () 76 

Shippard, William - - 75 

Sibbald, James - - - 371 

Simpson, Thomas (a) - - 11 

Skipscy, Robert - - 396 

Smith, John Bernhard - - 90 

Smith, Robert - - 152 

Southey, Thomas - - 11 

Squire, Charles - - 32 

Stanton, Anthony C. 327 

Stewart, Allan - - 221 

Stewart, Edward - - 207 

Stirling, James (4) - - 273 

Streatfeild, Richard - - 199 

Streatfeild, Robert - - 363 

Street, Benjamin - - 4 

Style, William - 37 

Suckling, William B. - 282 

Sykes, John - - 33(> 

Sykes, Thomas - - 133 

Symonds, John C. - 312 

Symons, James (b) - - 411 

Taylor, Henry - - 242 

Thomas, Abel W. 238 

Thruston, Charles T. - 37 

Tomlinson, Robert - - 216 



CONTENTS. 



Townsend, James 
Tracey, John - 

Treacy, Joshua - 
Truscott, Francis 

Truscott, George - 

Tullidge, Joseph C. 
Turberville, Edmund 
Tupman, George 
Tumour, Hon. Arthur R. 
Tyler, Charles - 

Undrell, John 
Valpy, Anthony B. 
Vassal!, Nathaniel 

Walker, James Robertson 
Walker, Robert - 
Watson, John - 

Weeks, John - 

West, Christopher - 

Weymouth, Richard 



Page 

277 Whitaker, Thomas 

214 White, Mark 

66 Whyte Edward - 

336 Wilbraham, Richard 

68 Williams, Peter - 

15 Williams, Thomas 

272 Wilson, Andrew 

405 Wilson, Thomas 

401 Wilson, Thomas H. 

37 Windeyer, Walter 

361 Woodley, William 

304 Worsley, Miller 

217 Wriford, Samuel 

376 Wright, Mayson 

147 Wright, William E. 

220 Wyatt, Henry B. 

71 Yates, Robert B. 

200 Young, Thomas B. 
340 



ADDENDA. 



+ Annesley, Francis Charles 
J Debenham, John 
* Littlehales, Bendall Robert 
f Maude, Hon. James Ashley 
Shirley, George James 



- 432 

- 432 

- 422 

- 424 

- 421 



f Smith, Thomas 
f- Vincent, Andrew Atkins 
f Willoughby, Sir Nisbet J. 
J Young, Robert Benjamin 



369 
405 
147 
224 
325 
277 
79 
312 
217 
363 
406 
374 
405 
118 
420 
399 
340 
135 



428 
429 
424 

423 



ERRATA. 

Page 20, line 7, /or 17th, reorf7th. 

115, 16, far engineeers, read engineers. 

137, 5 from the bottom,/or April 5th, read in April. 

]38, 7 f after employed in, insert Egypt and. 

177, at the head of the page, insert 177. 

201, line 21, for safety, read safety, in 1812. 

222, last line but fire of the small type, /or Cain, read Cane. 

224, line 15, for INGRAM, read INGHAM. 

273, 5, for JAMES HUGGINS, read JAMES EDWARD HUGGINS. 

278, 4 from the bottom, for Elmoand, read Elmo and. 

. 324, 14 of the large type, for a vessel, read& Papenbourgh vessel. 

328, 7 from the bottom, after ROBERT insert TURNSTALL. 

, 337, 3, for Fisguard, read Fisgard. 

344 t 8, after Clay insert a comma. 

12, for Whiteby, read Whitby. 

1 13, for Rachborne, read Rathborne. 

, 346, 9 from the bottom, for Blaney, read Blarney. 

352, 4, after there, insert also. 



* Now Rear-Admirals. 



f Captains. 



Commanders. 



ROYAL NAVAL BIOGRAPHY. 



COMMANDERS. 

(Continued.) 



THOMAS ROBERTS, ESQ. 

THIS officer first went to sea in the Swallow brig, Captain 
(now Sir William) Hargood, early in 1790 ; and joined the 
Bombay Castle 74, Captain (afterwards Sir John T.) Duck- 
worth, at Spithead, on the 8th June following. In 1793, he 
was sent by the latter officer, then commanding the Orion 
74, with Captain Solomon Ferris, of the Scorpion sloop, to 
obtain a more practical knowledge of seamanship ; and in 
that vessel we find him running down the coast of Africa, 
touching at Ascension, and proceeding from thence to Bar- 
badoes, where he again joined the Orion. He afterwards 
visited North Carolina ; and, on his return home, was re- 
moved to the Cyclops frigate, Captain (now Sir Davidge) 
Gould, fitting out for the Mediterranean, where he followed 
that officer into the Bedford and Audacious, third rates. He 
was, consequently, present at the reduction of Bastia, in 
May, 1794 ; at the capture of two French line-of-battle 
ships, by the fleet under Vice-Admiral Hotham, off Genoa, 
Mar. 14th, 1795; and at the destruction of 1'Alcide 74, near 
the Hieres Islands, July 13th following.* In the first of 
these skirmishes with the republican fleet, the Bedford was 
second a-head in the line-of-battle, and warmly engaged with 



* See Vol. I. Part I. p. 251, et seq. and the notes at pp. 340 and 254. 

VOL. IV. PART I. B 



2 COMMANDERS. 

the Ca-Ira 80 ; her loss consisted of seven men killed, and 
a lieutenant and seventeen men wounded. After the latter 
affair, Mr. Roberts returned home, master's- mate of the 
Camel store-ship, Captain Edward Rotheram; and, sub- 
sequently, joined the Eurus 32, Captain James Ross, on 
the North Sea station; from which frigate he was pro- 
moted into the Serpent sloop, Captain Richard Buckoll, 
in Dec. 1796. 

Between Jan. 5th and July 6th, 1797? the Serpent was 
employed in making a voyage to and from the coast of 
Africa, during which she detained a Swedish merchantman, 
laden with Dutch and Spanish property to the amount of 
40,0007. ; and captured a felucca, which had been despatched 
from Cadiz, to apprise the South American trade of the com- 
mencement of hostilities between Great Britain and Spain. 
She afterwards cruised off Havre, under the orders of Sir 
Richard J. Strachan, and, among other prizes, took a French 
transport laden with naval stores. On the 6th of Jan. 1798, 
she again sailed for Africa, where her commander fell a 
sacrifice to the climate, in the month of April following. 

There being no other man-of-war then in company, 
Mr. Roberts, who had been first lieutenant of the Serpent 
ever since he held a commission, appointed himself successor 
to Captain Buckoll ; but as a commodore was on the coast at 
the time, the Admiralty did not consider the death vacancy 
properly filled, and therefore refused to confirm him. 

After interring the remains of his late commander, at 
James Fort, Accra, Lieutenant Roberts immediately col- 
lected a large and valuable fleet of merchantmen, chiefly 
bound to Surinam ; and he appears to have been the first 
who ever conducted a convoy thither, two other officers, who 
had before made the attempt, having missed the land, whilst 
he, on the contrary, made it to a mile by lunar observations. 
He then ran down to Jamaica, and there received from Sir 
Hyde Parker an order to act as commander of the Serpent, 
which appointment was confirmed by the Admiralty, July 
23d, 1798. 

In the ensuing year, Captain Roberts, whose health had 



COMMANDERS. O 

become very much impaired, was sent home as whipper-in 
to a fleet of 113 West Indiamen, under the protection of the 
Begulus 44, bearing the flag of Vice- Admiral R. R. Bligh, 
who very soon parted company in a storm, and was not 
again seen by the Serpent until the third day after her 
arrival in the Downs. Eight or ten of the merchant vessels 
also parted company when outside the windward passages ; 
but all the others were kept together and conducted safely 
into port by Captain Roberts, who had occasionally to chase 
away the enemy's privateers, which hovered about this 
valuable convoy, together with the usual difficulty of keeping 
the fast sailing vessels within bounds. 

During the remainder of the war, the Serpent was em- 
ployed on the Irish station ; but, with the exception of one 
cruise, Captain Roberts does not appear to have been 
favored with the least chance of distinguishing himself, 
otherwise than by his careful attention to the trade constantly 
under his protection. Whilst on that cruise, he fell in with, 
and used every effort to get alongside of, a French frigate- 
built privateer, pierced for 36 guns, and apparently full of 
men ; but owing to her superior sailing, and the darkness of 
night, she effected her escape without being brought to 
action. 

On the renewal of hostilities, in 1803, this zealous officer 
was one of the first appointed to raise sea-fencibles in 
Ireland ; on which service he continued until the dissolution 
of that corps, in the end of 1810. During this period he 
repeatedly applied for an active appointment ; and we latterly 
find him volunteering to serve on the Canadian lakes, but 
without success : having no interest, and never having had 
an opportunity of achieving any brilliant exploit, his appli- 
cations were utterly disregarded ; although his long and 
arduous services in the Serpent may surely be said to have 
entitled him to some little consideration. His more for- 
tunate brother, Samuel, is a captain in the royal navy, and 
C. B.* 

* See Swppl. Part IV. pp. 2831 ; and Vol. III. Part II. p. 440 
el seq. 



4 COMMANDERS. 

BENJAMIN STREET, ESQ. 

OBTAINED the rank of lieutenant in July, 1800; and dis 
tinguished himself on various occasions whilst commanding 
the Staunch gun-brig, off Isle Bourbon, in 1810. The fol- 
lowing is an extract of an official letter from Captain (now 
Sir Josias) Rowley to Vice-Admiral Bertie, reporting the 
capture of la Venus French frigate, of 44 guns and 380 men : 

" I think it my duty to mention the active zeal shewn by Captain Tom- 
kinson, of the Otter, and Lieutenant Street, of the Staunch, both on the 
present service, and those on which we have lately been engaged*; the 
latter is an officer of long service, whose merits being well known to you, 
renders it unnecessary for me to recommend him to your notice." 

In Dec. 1810, Lieutenant Street received the public thanks 
of Major-General Abercromby, for his " indefatigable exer- 
tions" in landing the army under that officer's command, near 
Port Louis, in the Isle of Francef ; and his conduct on this 
occasion was thus officially noticed in the naval despatches : 

" Nor should I omit to bear testimony to the unwearied exertions of 
Lieutenant B. Street, commanding the government armed-ship Emma, who 
was employed for many successive nights in sounding, and, as it has been 
proved, gained a perfect knowledge of the anchorage on the enemy's 
coast, and who was equally strenuous in his services, in various ways, on 
shore. (Signed) "ALB. BERTIE." 

For these services, Lieutenant Street was promoted to 
the rank of commander, Mar. 4th, 1811; 



JOHN ALEXANDER, ESQ. 

SERVED as midshipman on board the Royal George, 
first-rate, bearing the flag of Sir John T. Duckworth, during 
the expedition against Constantinople; and was badly 
wounded by the Turks, at the island of Prota, Feb. 27th, 
1 807 -t O n tne following day, he was promoted to the rank 



* See p. 16 et seq., and Vol. I. Part II. p. 629, et seq. 
t See Vol. II. Part I. p. 417- J See Suppl. Part II. p. 139. 



COMMANDERS. O 

of lieutenant. We subsequently find him serving under 
Captain (now Rear- Admiral) Thomas Harvey, in the 
Standard 64. His commission as commander bears date, 
Mar. 14th, 1811. 

This officer married, Aug. 22d, 1819, Anna Maria, second 
daughter of the Rev. J. Price, vicar of Merriott, co. Somerset. 



JOHN CRAMER, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in 1795 ; and promoted to the 
rank of commander, Mar. 15th, 1811. 



HENRY LYNNE, ESQ. 

WAS made lieutenant in 1794, and appears to have been a 
passenger on board the Laurel 22, Captain John Charles 
Woollcombe, when that ship was captured, after a gallant 
action, near the Mauritius, by the French 40-gun frigate 
Canonniere, Sept. 12th, 1808. He subsequently com- 
manded the Emma government transport, at Isle Bourbon, 
where he contributed by his " indefatigable exertions" to the 
re-establishment of our naval supremacy in the Indian Ocean, 
as was officially acknowledged. In Dec. 1810, he acted as 
commander of the Eclipse sloop, at the capture of the Isle 
of France ; and in Feb. following, we find him taking pos- 
session of Tamatave", thereby securing to the British " an 
unmolested traffic with the fruitful and abundant island of 
Madagascar." He obtained his present rank on the 18th of 
April, 1811, and continued to command the Eclipse (latterly 
on the West India station) until July, 1814. 



WILLIAM GREGORY, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in Oct. 1802, and promoted to his 
present rank in April, 1811. He subsequently commanded 
the Electra sloop, on the Newfoundland station, where he 
captured, July 7th, 1813, the American privateer schooner 



6 COMMANDERS. 

Growler, mounting one long 24-pouuder and four eighteens, 
with a complement of sixty men. Since the peace he has 
been employed in the Ordinary at Sheerness. 



JAMES DE RIPPE, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in May, 1804, and promoted to 
the command of the Racehorse sloop, on the Cape of Good 
Hope station, April 18th, 1811. On the 20th of the fol- 
lowing month, he witnessed the capture of la Renomme'e, 
French frigate, near Madagascar; and on the 24th, as- 
sisted in taking possession of her late consort, la Nerelde, 
together with several merchant vessels, in the port of Tama- 
tave\* He died in the year 1828. 



JAMES CLEPHAN, ESQ. 

Is a native of Fifeshire, and appears to have served his 
time as an apprentice in the merchant service. In July 
1794, having fallen into the hands of a press-gang, he en- 
tered as an able seaman on board the Sybil 28, Captain the 
Hon. Charles Jonesf, by whom he was rated master's-mate 
of the Doris frigate in Oct. 1795. Subsequent to the demise 
of that officer J, we find him serving in the latter ship, under 
Captains John Halliday and Charles Brisbane, until advanced 
to the rank of lieutenant for his gallant conduct at the attack 
and capture of la Chevrette, French national corvette, in 
Camaret bay, near Brest, July 22d, 1801. To the account 
already given of this brilliant enterprise, we have now to 
add, that, although knocked overboard when mounting her 
side, he was the first person who gained the enemy's deck ; 
and that he there received several slight wounds, of which 
no mention was made in the surgeon's report. On receiving 
his first commission from Admiral Cornwallis, that veteran 



* See Vol. II. Part II. p. 833 et seq. 

t Afterwards Viscount Ranelagh. % Dec. 24th, 1800. 

See Vol. II. Part II. p. 884 et seq. 



COMMANDERS. / 

chief thus addressed him : " Your country is much indebted 
to you for your gallant services ; you are now a lieutenant 
of the Namicr; you well deserve your promotion; few offi- 
cers have earned it so hardly." 

The Namur 90, Captain the Hon. Michael De Courcy, was 
paid off in April, 1802; from which period Mr. Clephan con- 
tinued on half- pay until Mar. 1803, when he was appointed 
to the Spartiate 74, Captain George Murray. In this ship 
he visited the West Indies, under the command of Sir 
Francis Laforey, at whose particular request he became her 
first lieutenant immediately after the battle of Trafalgar*, and 
remained as such until she was put out of commission in 
Dec. 1809. His next appointment was, in Aug. 1810, to be 
first of the Dragon 74, fitting out for the flag of Sir Francis, 
by whom he was promoted to the command of the Charybdis 
sloop, on the Leeward Islands' station, April 20th, 1811. 

On the 31st Dec. 1812, Commander Clephan captured the 
American schooner privateer Blockade, of 10 guns and 66 
men, near the island of Saba. The Charybdis was paid off 
at Deptford, in Aug. 1815 j since which he has not been em- 
ployed. 



JAMES HENRY GARRETY, ESQ. 

OBTAINED the rank of lieutenant in May, 1801 j com- 
manded the Favorite hired armed cutter, in action with the 
Flushing flotilla, May 16th, 1804f ; and lost an arm, whilst 
gallantly defending the Plumper gun-brig, near Granville, 
July 16, 1805. 

"On the 15th of July," says Mr. James, "the gun-brigs Plumper and 
Teazer" (the latter commanded by Lieutenant George Lewis Kerr), 
"while cruising off the port of Granville, found themselves becalmed, and 
likely to be carried into danger by the strength of the tide. They there- 
fore anchored near the island of Chausey, but, owing to the exigency of 
the moment, at too great a distance apart to benefit by any mutual sup- 
port, in the event of being attacked before a breeze sprang up. The criti- 
cal situation of these brigs being plainly seen from Granville, which was 



See Suppl. Part HI. p. 181. f See Suppl. Part I. p. 17. 



8 COMMANDERS. 

not four leagues distant, Capitaine Louis Le"on Jacob, commanding the 
several divisions of the flotilla that were assembled between Saint-Malo 
and Cherbourg, resolved to send some gun-vessels to attempt the capture 
of them. Accordingly, as soon as it grew dark, seven of the largest class 
of French gun-vessels, armed each with three long 24-pounders and an 
8-inch howitzer, and amply supplied with men and musketry, swept out of 
the port, under the command of Capitaine Joseph Collet. On the 16th, 
at 2-30 A. M., they arrived within long range of the Plumper, and opened a 
fire upon her from their heavy long guns j taking such a safe position, as 
they advanced, that the brig's 18-pounder carronades could only at inter- 
vals be brought to bear upon them. In the course of half an hour Lieute- 
nant Garrety, who from the first had conducted himself in the bravest 
manner, had his arm shot away ; but he continued, for some time, to ani- 
mate his men in repulsing the enemy. At length, at the end of an hour's 
cannonade, from which she had greatly suffered in hull and crew, the 
Plumper surrendered. 

" Having shifted their prisoners and manned the prize, the French 
rested at an anchor, until the tide turned again in their favour at 6 A. M. ; 
when, accompanied by the Plumper, they weighed, and stood for her late 
consort. At 8-45, the seven French gun-vessels and their prize com- 
menced firing at the Teazer 5 who, at 9 A. M., cut her cable, and, setting 
all sail, tried to escape. But the calm continuing, the brig made little or 
no progress ; and her opponents soon surrounded and captured her. The 
British loss on this occasion has been noticed nowhere but in the French 
accounts. By these it appears that the two brigs had, including Lieutenant 
Garrety, seventeen men badly wounded, the greater part on board the 
Plumper; but, with respect to the killed, which probably amounted to 
four or five, no intelligence was obtained. The loss on board the French 
gun- vessels appears to have amounted to five men wounded, including 
Captain Collet j who, on the afternoon of the same day, entered Granville 
with his two prizes." 

On the 5th of Feb. 1806, a pension was granted to Lieute- 
nant Garrety, the amount of which, at the time of his death, 
was 200/. per annum. On the 3d of May, 1811, he was pro- 
moted to the rank of commander ; and in Jan. 1812, ap- 
pointed to the Parthian sloop, on the North Sea station. He 
married a sister of Lieutenant Joseph G. H. Grarashaw, 
R. N. j and died in the year 1827. 



JOHN GILMOUR, ESQ. 

OBTAINED his first commission in Sept. 1801 ; and was 
senior lieutenant of the Caroline frigate, at the capture of 



COMMANDERS. 9 

Banda-Neira, the chief of the Dutch Spice Islands, Aug. 9th, 
1810. In the official report of that conquest, made by Cap- 
tain (now Sir Christopher) Cole to Rear-Admiral Drury, 
there appears the following passage : 

" The colours of Forts Nassau and Belgica will be presented to your 
excellency by Lieutenant John Gilmour, who has served nine years in this 
country as a lieutenant, and a large portion of that time as first lieutenant 
under my command. Although labouring under severe illness, he took 
charge of the ship on my quitting her; and his seaman-like and zealous 
conduct in the discharge of his trust was most conspicuous." 

Lieutenant Gilmour's promotion to the rank of commander 
did not take place until July 1st, 1811. He died in the year 
1823. 



JAMES BREMER, ESQ. 

SON of the late Captain James Bremer, R. N. (whose ser- 
vices are briefly recorded in Charnock's Biographia Navalis), 
by Marianne, sister of Lieutenant Daniel Gernier, who pe- 
rished on board the Ramillies 74, near Plymouth, Feb. 15th, 
1760*. 

This officer was born at Southampton, Jan. 15th, 1767; 
and had scarcely attained the sixth year of his age, when 
he accompanied his father, in the Pearl frigate, to Newfound- 
land. On his return home, in 1774, he was placed at school, 
where he continued until July, 1778, when we find him em- 
barking as a midshipman on board the Vigilant 64, in which 
ship he s'erved, under Captains Robert Kingsmill and Sir 
Digby Dent, on the Channel and West India stations, up- 
wards of three years. The most remarkable events of which 
he was an eye-witness, during that period, were the action 
between Keppel and D'Orvilliers, off Ushant, July 2fth, 
1778 ; that between Byron and D'Estaing, off Grenada, July 
6th, 1779 ; and those between Rodney and De Guichen, off 
Martinique, in April and May, 1780. In these encounters 



* See Suppl. Part I. note * at p. 458. 



10 COMMANDERS. 

14 of his shipmates were killed, and he, with 30 others, 
wounded. 

The Vigilant was paid off, at Chatham, Sept. 3d, 1781 ; 
and Mr. Bremer remained on shore from that period until 
April 15th, 17&2, when he joined the Crocodile 24, Captain 
Albemarle Bertie, on the Downs station. Whilst in this 
ship, he was blown up and severely burnt, during an action 
with a Dunkirk privateer of 32 guns. On the 22d Aug. he 
followed Captain Bertie into the Recovery frigate, then about 
to accompany Lord Howe to the relief of Gibraltar ; and 
after the performance of that service, witnessed a partial ac- 
tion with the combined forces of France and Spain, off Cape 
Spartel. 

On the 24th May, 1784, Mr. Bremer, then serving under 
Captain Jonathan Faulknor, in the Proselyte 32, at Quebec, 
was discharged into the Boreas 28, Captain Horatio Nelson, 
for a passage to the Leeward Islands, where he appears to 
have been principally employed in the Berbice schooner, 
tender to the Adamant 50, flag-ship of Sir Richard Hughes, 
commander-in- chief, with whom he returned home in the au- 
tumn of 1786. His next trip was to the same station, in the 
Sybil 28, Captain Richard Bickerton, under whose command 
he continued from Mar. 7th, 1787, until Sept, 30th, 1790; 
when we find him drafted, with the other petty-officers of 
that frigate, into the Boyne98, Captain George Bowyer, from 
which ship, then fitting out at Woolwich, he was at length 
promoted to the rank of lieutenant, by commission dated Nov. 
22d, 1790. His subsequent appointments were, to the 
Childers sloop, Captain (now Sir Robert) Barlow, employed 
in the suppression of smuggling ; to the Prince 98, bearing 
the flag of Rear- Admiral Bowyer, in the Channel fleet ; to 
the command of the Bull-dog gun-boat, fitting out for the 
Jersey station ; to the Ruby 64, Captain Edwin Henry Stan- 
hope, of which ship he became first-lieutenant after the sur- 
render of the Cape of Good Hope ; to command, pro tern- 
pore, the Vindictive 28, one of the Dutch squadron taken in 
Saldanha bay ; to be first of the Director 64, Captain Wil- 
liam (alias Bounty) Bligh, on the North Sea station j to the 



COMMANDERS. 11 

superintendence of a signal station on the coast of Suffolk ; 
to the command of the Constant gun-brig ; to the sea-fenci- 
ble service, at Looe, in Cornwall ; to the command of the 
Chance cutter, on the .Portsmouth station ; to that of the 
Suffolk prison-ship, moored in Portchester Lake ; to be 
acting-agent of transports in the expedition against Guada- 
loupe ; to nerve as supernumerary lieutenant of several ships 
on the Leeward Islands' station, where he continued until 
advanced to his present rank, Aug. 1st, 1811 ; and lastly, 
May 28th, 1813, to be principal agent for prisoners of war, 
&c. at Jamaica, from whence he returned home in Sept. 
1815. 

Commander Bremer married Catherine Saumarez, daughter 
of Mr. Thomas Mounsteven, of Windsor House, Bodmin, co. 
Cornwall. His eldest son is an officer in the 53d regiment 
of foot. 



THOMAS SIMPSON (a), ESQ. 

(Seniority, 1st August, 1811.) 



THOMAS SOUTHEY, ESQ. 

HAS been twice wounded in action with the enemy first, 
while serving as midshipman on board the Mars 74, Captain 
Alexander Hood, at the capture of the French line-of-battle 
ship Hercule, April 21st, 1798*; and, secondly, as lieute- 
nant of the Bellona 74, Captain Thomas Boulden Thompson, 
at the battle of Copenhagen, April 2d, 1801. He obtained 
his present rank on the 1st Aug. 1811. 



WILLIAM HAYDON, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in Sept. 1799 ; and promoted to 
the rank of commander, Aug. 1st, 1811. 



* See Vol. II. Part II. p. 615, et seq. 



12 COMMANDERS. 



JOHN IRONS, ESQ. 

WAS born at Aberdeen, in Scotland ; and appears to have 
first embarked as midshipman, on board the Formidable 98, 
Captain William Parker, May 23d, 1790. After the settle- 
ment of the then existing dispute between Great Britain and 
Spain, he passed through the south of France to Turkey ; 
and on his return from thence, sailed for Greenland in a ship 
which is said to have penetrated as far as lat. 82 30' N. In 
1793, he joined the Lion hired armed vessel, on the Channel 
station ; and from her removed into the Nonsuch 64, employed 
as a floating battery in the expedition to Ostend. We next 
find him in the Stately 64, Captain Billy Douglas, under whom 
he assisted at the reduction of the Cape of Good Hope, in 
Sept. 1795 ; and at the capture of a Dutch squadron, in Sal- 
danha bay, Aug. 17th, 1796*. He subsequently served in 
the Firm gun-vessel, Dart sloop, Melpomene frigate, and 
Isis 50 ; the latter ship bearing the flag of Vice- Admiral An- 
drew Mitchell, in the expedition to Holland, in 1799 f. 

After the fall of the Helder, and the consequent surrender 
of the Dutch fleet in the Texel, Mr. Irons was employed on 
various services in the Zuyder Zee, particularly at the town 
of Lemner, which he " most gallantly" assisted in defending 
against a very superior force, as will be seen by reference to p. 
92 of Vol. III. Part II. On the 10th Feb. 1800, he was pro- 
moted to the rank of lieutenant ; and on the termination of hos- 
tilities, in 1801, presented with the Turkish gold medal for 
his services, in the Ceres troop-ship and Victorieuse sloop, 
during the Egyptian campaign. After the renewal of the 
war, in 1803, he served successively in the Inflexible and 
Dictator 64's ; Roebuck 44, bearing the flag of Vice-Admiral 
Billy Douglas ; Calypso 18, Diligence 16, and Havock gun- 
brig, on the North Sea and Baltic stations. His commis- 
sion as commander bears date Aug. 1st, 1811. 

.:. MM/VJ "h> , 

See Vol. I. Part I. pp. 4751. f See id. p. 414, ft seq. 



COMMANDERS. 13 

THOMAS OLDACRES HEWES, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in Oct. 1800. We first find him 
serving in the Blanche frigate, Captain Zachary Mudge, 
with whom he had the misfortune to he captured by a 
French squadron, on the West India station, July 19th, 
1805 *. Respecting the defence of that ship, and the severe 
remarks thereon contained in James's Naval History, he 
has written to the author of this work as follows': 

" Mr. James's observations are both scurrilous and unjust. I was first 
lieutenant of the Blanche in that action, and as I gave my evidence upon 
oath at Captain Mudge's court-martial, I trust it will not be necessary for 
me to enter more into the subject here, than to say that he did every thing 
in his power for her defence ; nor were her colours struck until she had 
for some time refused to answer her helm, and consequently become un- 
manageable. As to James referring to Captain Mudge's statement of the 
number of men composing the crews of the enemy's squadron, every naval 
man must be aware of the difficulty of getting correct information on such 
a subject from French officers, and Captain Mudge had no other means. 
I can only add, that it was understood to be correct at the time ; as was 
also his statement respecting the Proselyte and her convoy. If the Illus- 
trious had charge of that fleet, it was unknown to us, and I believe it was 
equally so to Mons. Baudin and his officers, who informed us that they 
were waiting for the Proselyte and her charge. 

" I have very recently been informed, that Mr. James had his informa- 
tion from an officer who left the Blanche (not on the best of terms with his 
captain) more than a year prior to her capture. From whom he actually 
received it, I know not; but this I know, that I envy not that man his 
feelings who could thus, to gratify his malice, privately stab the character 
of an active, deserving officer, and through him wound the feelings of his 
subordinate officers and crew. And here, may I ask what becomes of Mr. 
James's vaunted impartiality, when he thus dips his pen in gall, and 
prostitutes his pages to the purposes of private slander? But, Sir, Cap- 
tain Mudge and his officers have the consolation of knowing, that their 
efforts were not only highly approved of by the distinguished characters 
who sat upon their court-martial, but also by the Lords Commissioners 
of the Admiralty, who immediately appointed Captain Mudge, with his 
officers, and part of the Blanche's crew, to the Phoanix, a more fortunate 
ship, she having just returned into port with her prize la Didon. 

(Signed) " THOMAS HEWES." 



* See Vol. II. Part I. p. 309. 



14 COMMANDERS. 

We shall here lay before our readers the copies of two 
letters from Rear-Admiral Manley Dixon, addressed to 
Captain Stephen Poyntz, of the Edgar 74, which, as they 
never appeared in the London Gazette, although the vessels 
they refer to were purchased for Government, may prove 
gratifying to the parties immediately concerned. 

"H. M. S. Ruby, offAnholt, 13M July, 1810. 

" Sir, I have the pleasure to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of 
the 12th instant, stating the capture of three of the enemy's row gun-boats 
by the boats of the Edgar and Dictator, under the direction of Lieutenant 
Hewes, first of the former ship, on the night of the 7th instant ; and in 
return, I most sincerely congratulate you on the successful result of that 
gallant and well conducted service, which so strongly evinced the spirit 
and discipline of the two ships in the persons of the brave officers, seamen, 
and marines, by whom it was so promptly executed. I have not failed to 
take the earliest moment to forward your letter to the commander-in-chief, 
as likewise a duplicate to the secretary of the Admiralty. The gun-boats, 
from their construction, being well adapted to give additional strength to 
the flotilla of H. M. ships in the Belt, I have ordered them to be fitted out 
immediately; and having directed the necessary survey, and valuation 
thereon, 1 have forwarded the report to the commander-in-chief for his 
approval, recommending them to be purchased for H. M . service. The 
Ruby, Edgar, and Ganges, are each to have one 3 the captain of the Saturn 
has my orders to deliver the one she has to you, and which I have named 
the Hewes, as a small testimony of the very high opinion I entertain of 
the gallanty and merit of the first lieutenant of the Edgar. I have the 
honor to be, &c. (Signed) " MANLEY DIXON." 

"H. M. S. Ruby, off Sproe, 22d Aug. 1810. 

" Sir, Having received a letter from Vice-Admiral Sir James Sauma- 
rez, Bart. K. B. &c. &c. commander-in-chief in the Baltic, desiring me to 
signify to you his approbation of your skill and judgment in planning the 
attack of the Danish gun-boats, and which had been so bravely executed 
by the officers and men under the orders of Lieutenant Hewes, and that 
likewise you should signify to them his highest approbation of their gallant 
conduct upon that occasion, I have great pleasure in signifying the same to 
you j and am, Sir, &e. (Signed) " MANLEY DIXON." 

Lieutenant Hewes was promoted to the rank of com- 
mander on the 1st Aug. 1811. 






COMMANDERS. 15 

JOSEPH CREW TULLIDGE, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in Oct. 1800. We first find him 
serving under Captain John Edgcumbe, of the Heron sloop; 
and next in the Africaine frigate, Captain Robert Corbett. 

In June, 1810, the Africaine sailed from Plymouth with 
despatches for the Governor-General of India, containing 
orders for the immediate equipment of an expedition against 
the Isles of France and Bourbon. On the 9th Sept., she 
touched at the island of Rodriguez, to replenish her water ; 
but, learning what had befallen the squadron under Captain 
Samuel Pym, at Port Sud-Est, in the Isle of France*, and 
that Isle Bourbon was already in possession of the British, 
Captain Corbett determined upon changing his route, and 
hastened to join Commodore Rowley, the officer then 
charged with the blockade of Port Louis. On the llth of 
the same month, the Africaine's barge and jolly-boat sus- 
tained a loss of two men killed, and a marine officer, a mas- 
ter's-mate, a midshipman, and thirteen men wounded, in an 
unsuccessful attempt to bring off a French transport schooner 
which had run on shore near Grande -Baie. Captain Corbett's 
subsequent proceedings are thus detailed by Mr. James : 

" As soon as her two boats returned, the Africaine bore up for Bourbon, 
and ut 4 A. M. on the 12th, made the island. At 6, two ships were observed 
in the offing of St. Denis ; and at 7> Captain Corbett learnt from a trans- 
port at anchor in the bay, that they were French, as well as a man-of-war 
brig, now also seen to windward of the frigates. At 8 A. M., Captain Cor- 
bett went on shore ; and the Africaine continued standing off and on, 
clearing herself for action. At 10A.M., the two frigates (Iphige'nie and 
Astre'e) telegraphed each other ; and then the brig (Entreprenaut) made 
sail to the N. ., and was soon out of sight. The frigates stood in upon 
the larboard tack, as if disposed to offer battle ; whereupon Captain Cor- 
bett, who was employed in landing his badly wounded, hoisted a broad 
pendant and red ensign. The object of doing this was, by deceiving the 
French into a belief that the Africaine was their old acquaintance the 
Boadicea, to conceal the fact of any additional British force having arrived 
on the station." 



* See Suppl. Part II. pp. 164166. 



16 COMMANDERS. 

It is proper here to state, that the broad pendant and red 
ensign were displayed at the suggestion of Lieutenant Edward 
Lloyd, of the Boadicea, whom Commodore Rowley had left 
in charge of the signal posts at St. Denis, in order to watch 
and report the movements of the enemy's squadron which 
blockaded Isle Bourbon, after Captain Pym's unfortunate 
affair in Port Sud-Est. 

" At noon, or shortly afterwards, the Boadicea herself weighed from 
the bay of St. Paul, and accompanied by the 16-gun sloop Otter, Captain 
James Tomkinson, and gun-brig Staunch, Lieutenant Benjamin Street, 
proceeded in chase of the two French frigates. At 2 P. M. she rounded 
Pointe du Galet, having the wind well from the southward ; while the 
Iphigenie and Astre"e were under all sail on the starboard tack, with the 
wind, a common occurrence in the vicinity of Madagascar, fresh from 
the eastward. The instant she cleared the bay of St. Paul, the Boadicea 
was descried, and, making her number, became at once recognised by 
the Africaine. Commodore Rowley, when getting under weigh, had re- 
ceived an intimation from the Lieutenant-Governor of Isle Bourbon, that 
an English frigate, reported to he the Africaine, had arrived at St. Denis : 
he therefore knew that the frigate in sight was her. Captain Corbett now 
returned on board his ship, attended by Major Barry, of the Honourable 
Company's service, and Captain Elliott, of the British regulars. At 
about the same time the frigate received from the shore a lieutenant and 
25 soldiers of the 86th regiment, to replace her wounded, most of whom 
were able seamen. 

" The Africaine immediately made sail upon the starboard tack, the 
same as that on which the French ships were standing. These, at about 
3 p. M., had descried the Boadicea and her two consorts. The latter 
Captain Bouvet (of the Iphige'nie) knew were the Otter and Staunch ; but 
the Boadicea, on account of the ruse practised by the Africaine in the 
morning, he took to be the Windhara (re-captured East Tndiaman), 
equipped as a ship of war. By 6 p. M. the Otter and Staunch had so 
dropped astern In the chase, as to be entirely out of sight of the Afri- 
caine ; and about the same time the Boadicea, being headed by the east 
wind, took in her studding-sails and braced up. This brought her about 
eight miles on the Africaine's lee quarter. At 6-20 p. M., the Afri- 
caine lost sight of the Boadicea; and in ten minutes more the latter lost 
sight, in the opposite direction, of the Otter and Staunch. The weather- 
most French frigate, finding the Africaine approaching fast, bore up to 
join her consort ; and at 7-30 p. M. the Africaine was about two miles and 
a half on their weather quarter, with such a decided superiority in sailing 
as to keep way with them under topsails and foresail, while they were 
carrying top-gallant-sails and courses. 






COMMANDERS. 17 

" Proceeding thus under easy sail, in order to allow the Bondicea time 
to get up, the Africaine, as soon as it grew dark, began firing rockets and 
burning blue-lights, to point out her situation. At 9 p. M. the Boadicea 
saw a flash in the S. E., and at 9-3P observed the enemy and the Africaine 
burn blue-lights. At 1-50 A.M. on the 13th, in the midst of a fresh squall, 
the French frigates bore up ; and immediately the Africaine, fearing their 
intention might be to run or wear, bore up also, and manned her star- 
board guns. At 2-10, the Astrde and IphigeVie again hauled to the wind 
on the same tack ; and the Africaine, having hauled up likewise, found 
herself within less than musket-shot distance on the AstreVs weather 
quarter. The Boadicea was now four or five miles distant on the lee 
quarter of the Africaine ; but having been thrown, by accident, into so 
good a position, and knowing that a run of two or three hours more would 
bring the enemy to Port Louis, Captain Corbett could not refrain from 
becoming the assailant. 

" Accordingly, at 2-20 A. M. the Africaine fired her larboard guns, 
loaded with two round shot each, into the weather quarter of the Astrde, 
who immediately returned the fire. The second broadside from that ship 
mortally wounded Captain Corbett, a shot striking off his right foot above 
the ancle, and a blow from a splinter causing a compound fracture of the 
thigh of the same leg. The command of the Africaine now devolved 
upon Lieutenant Joseph Crew Tullidge, who was ordered by Captain 
Corbett, as he was removing below, to bring the enemy to close action. 
At 2-30 A. M., having had her jib-boom and the weather-clue of her fore- 
topsail shot away, and fearing that her bowsprit had suffered, the Astr6e 
ranged a-head clear of her opponent's guns. On this the men at the 
Africaine's foremost main-deck guns began hurraing, and the remainder 
of the ship's company caught and repeated the cheer. The lightness of 
the breeze, which had been gradually falling since the action commenced, 
would have deprived the Africaine of her former advantage in point of sail- 
ing, even had the AstreVs fire not cut away the greater part of her running 
rigging : hence she had scarcely steerage-way through the water. The 
Iphige'nie, meanwhile, had bore up, and now took a station on the lee 
quarter of her consort. The breeze freshening a little at this time, the 
Africaine made sail, and running alongside the Iphige'nie to wind- 
ward, recommenced the action, having the Astrde on her weather-bow. 
A sudden fall in the wind enabled the latter ship to retain her position; 
and thus lay the Africaine, with one ship of equal force within half pistol- 
shot on her larboard-beam, and another, of the same or a greater force, 
close on her starboard-bow, raking her with a most destructive fire of 
round, grape, and langridge. 

" At 3-30 A. M. the Africaine had her jib-boom and fore-topmast shot 

away, and shortly afterwards her mizen-topmast. Lieutenant Tullidge, 

by this time, had been severely wounded in four places, but could not be 

persuaded to go Mow. Lieutenant Robert Forder, the next officer in 

VOL, IV. PART I. C 



18 COMMANDERS. 

seniority, had been shot through the breast with a musket-ball, and taken 
below ; and at 4 A. M. the master (Samuel Parker) had his head carried off 
by a round shot. Still the Africaine continued the action ; but her fire 
gradually grew feebler, until about 4-45 A. M., when it entirely ceased. 
The ship was now with her three lower masts reduced to a tottering state, 
her hull pierced in all directions, her quarter-deck nearly cleared of of- 
ficers and men, and her main-deck so thinned that only six guns could 
be properly manned. Being in this disabled state ; seeing also, from the 
calm state of the weather, no chance of relief from the Boadicea, whom 
the opening day-light discovered about four or five miles off, and having no 
hope of escape, nor means of further resistance, the Africaine, at a few 
minutes before 5 A. M., hauled down her colours. Although this was done, 
and every light extinguished, the French, contrary to the law of arms, 
continued, for nearly fifteen minutes, to fire into the British frigate ; 
whereby Captain Elliott, of the army, and several men were killed. 

" (>f her complement, including soldiers, of 295 men and boys, the 
Africaine had 49 killed and 1 14 wounded. Captain Corbett bad his leg 
amputated below the knee during the action, and died about six hours 
after the operation had been performed. Had he survived, he must have 
submitted to a second amputation above the compound fracture. The 
loss sustained by the French frigates, as stated in the letter of Commodore 
Bouvet, amounted to 10 killed and 35 wounded. The damages they sus- 
tained bore a proportion to their loss of men. The Astre*e was very 
slightly injured in hull or spars : the Iphigdnie had her masts, yards, and 
rigging more or less wounded and cut, but none of her masts so dange- 
rously struck as to require replacing. 1 ' 

Mr. James, in continuation, says, " No sooner was the 
Africaine. in possession of her captors, than her shot-lockers 
were ransacked to supply the Iphigenie, whose guns were of 
the same calibre j but only fifty round shot remained of the 
former's originally ample store. That they had been ex- 
pended in the action is certain ; but there is reason to 
believe, that the Africaine's crew had been very little, if at 
all, exercised at the guns : consequently that, in nine times 
out of ten, the men might as well have fired blank cart- 
ridges as shot." The former part of this statement is cer- 
tainly incorrect. Not only was her shot-locker nearly full, 
but even the racks around the hatchways still contained 
many shot, blackened as they were before the action. Our 
informant, now a captain in the navy, is of opinion, as are 
many other persons, that the Africaine's crew, disgusted 

.1 T>l/.'i .'f. 



COMMANDERS. 19 

with their captain's tyrannical conduct, did not shot the 
guns at all after the second or third broadside. 

" At a few minutes before the Africaine hauled dowu her flag', a breeze 
began to swell the sails of the Boadicea ; and the latter, very soon after 
daylight, ' passed within musket-shot of the enemy.' It was now disco- 
vered that the Africaine was a prize to the Frencli frigates, and greatly 
disabled, while they apparently had suffered but little. At 6 A.M. the 
Boadicea tacked and stood to-windward of them, to look for the Otter 
and Staunch, whose very bad sailing was at this time particularly unfortu- 
nate. At 6-10, the Africaine's foremast was seen to fall by the board ; at 
7, her tnizen-mast and main-topmast; and at 8 A.M., her main-mast. 
Her bowsprit, or the head of it, also, we believe, went ; and thus was the 
Africaine a totally dismasted hulk. ****** 

" At 7-30 A. M., the Boadicea discovered the Otter and Staunch to-wind- 
ward, and at 10 was joined by them. At forty minutes past noon they all 
bore up, with a fine breeze from the S.S.E., for the two French frigates 
and the wreck of the Africaine. At 1-30 p. M. the Boadicea hauled up her 
fore-sail, and came to the wind on the larboard tack. At 3-30, she and 
her consorts again bore up ; and in ten minutes afterwards the Astree, 
taking the Iphigenie in tow, abandoned the Africaine and made sail to- 
windward. At 5 P. M., by which time the Boadicea had arrived close 
abreast of the Africaine, the latter fired two guns and hauled down the 
French colours. ****** On the 22d, in the morning, Cap- 
tain Bouvet, with his two frigates and a prize (the Hon. Company's cruiser 
Aurora), anchored in the harbour of Port Louis." 

Lieutenant Tullidge, and about ninety of the Africaine's sur- 
viving officers and crew, including more than forty of the 
wounded, were removed to the French frigates, and conse- 
quently continued in captivity until the reduction of the Isle 
of France, in Dec. 1810. 

On the 23d April, 1811, a court-martial assembled on 
board the Gladiator, in Portsmouth harbour, to try Lieutenant 
Tullidge for the loss of the above ship; and having examined 
into the circumstances attending her capture, agreed, " That 
H. M. said ship Africaine was captured by a very superior 
force of the enemy, after an action which was commenced 
by the order of her deceased commander, the late Captain 
Robert Corbett, in a very brave and spirited manner ; and 
after he was disabled by the loss of his right leg, by the 
second broadside of the enemy, was continued by the said 
Lieutenant Tullidge, in the most gallant and determined 

c2 



20 COMMANDERS. 

manner, although he had received four severe wounds during 
the action, as long as there was the least chance of pre- 
serving her from the enemy ; and did adjudge the said Lieu- 
tenant Tullidge, his surviving officers, and ship's company, 

to be MOST HONORABLY ACQUITTED." 

On the 1st of Aug. following, Lieutenant Tullidge was 
promoted to the rank of commander ; and on the 17th Oct. 
1813, appointed to the Clinker sloop of war. He obtained 
a pension of 150/. per annum, April 4th, 1816. 



SAMUEL BROWN, ESQ. 

OBTAINED the rank of lieutenant in Oct. 1801 ; and served 
as third of the Phoenix frigate, Captain Thomas Baker, at the 
capture of la Didon, French national ship, of very superior 
force, Aug. 10th, 1805*. He was subsequently appointed to 
the Ulysses 44, Captain the Hon. Warwick Lake ; and on 
the 1st of Aug. 1811, promoted to the rank of commanderf. 

This officer is the inventor and manufacturer of the twisted 
iron cables, respecting which the following observations ap- 
peared in the Philosophical Magazine for October, 1814 : 

"The great importance of safe cables for ships is known to every one 
in the slightest degree acquainted with maritime affairs. In circumstances 
of danger, the preservation of the cargo is often a matter of great magni- 
tude ; but that of the lives of the seamen is infinitely greater. Like almost 
every thing connected with navigation, the means resorted to have, till 
lately, been confined to improvements in the manufacture of cordage, and 
some of these have been great ; but, either from prejudice or want of 
consideration, a change of the material for one of greater strength, and 
less liable to be ruptured by strain, or worn away by friction, seems never 
to have been even thought of. 

" The first, we believe, who made any attempt to introduce a stronger 
and better material for anchor cables and moorings, was Captain Samuel 
Brown, of the royal navy. He had the merit of at once adopting the best 
that could possibly be thought of, both in point of strength and ceconomy. 

* See Vol. I. Part II. p. 830. 

t Erratum in James's Naval History, 2dedit. vol. IV. p. 248, line 8 ; 
for Samuel Brown read Joseph Oliver; and dele the remainder of the 
paragraph after Pho?nix. 



COMMANDERS. 21 

We mean good tough wrought iron ; and had he not fallen into an error 
in principle in the construction, his invention, as applicable to naval pur- 
poses, would have almost defied the possibility of any further improve- 
ment. 

" This gentleman was so confident of the correctness of his ideas res- 
pecting the superior strength, and consequent safety to be derived from 
iron chains in place of ropes, that he equipped a vessel of 400 tons, the 
Penelope, with iron rigging, stays, cables, &c. in which he proceeded on a 
voyage to Martinique and Guadaloupe, and in four months returned to 
London in perfect order, after experiencing every severity necessary to 
demonstrate the efficacy of iron in place of hemp. But the introduction 
of iron ground tackle, we consider as of much greater importance than 
any thing connected with the rigging. 

" Since that time, iron cables have been introduced, not only into dif- 
ferent ships in the royal navy, but in the merchant service, and with great 
success ; for though some did give way in severe weather, especiaHy of 
those first made, it is but justice to state, that even in these cases the 
hempen cables of the surrounding ships had all given way hours before, 
and that in most instances the ships so furnished have kept their anchors, 
when other ships parted and drove. This important fact has been so 
clearly established by reports from the different captains who have tried 
iron cables, that we confidently anticipate the day as not very distant, when 
hemp will be entirely discarded from the ground tackle of every British 
ship. 

" We have said, that but for an error in his principle of construction, 
Captain Brown's substitution of chain for hemp cables would have been per- 
fect. This error arose from a prejudice natural to persons who are not 
thorough mechanicians, or who overlook those mathematical dicta which 
ought to guide every mechanical arrangement an idea that a certain por- 
tion of elasticity should be given to the chain. To attain this ideal advan- 
tage, a certain degree of twist, equal to nearly one-fourth of a revolution, 
was given to each link ; so that, when a strain comes upon the chain, it 
never finds any part of any portion of it in that situation which would pre- 
sent the greatest resistance to a change of figure. In such a chain, every 
strain makes an effort to bring every link into that form which it ought to 
have had in its first construction .- and in proportion as the strain effects 
this, so far the links have been weakened, by having the particles of which 
they are respectively composed placed in a new order, at the expence of 
the corpuscular attraction exerted by these particles individually for those 
to which they are most contiguous. 

"That this derangement of particles, and consequent diminution of 
strength, does take place in twisted links, is plain from what happens in 
proving the chains composed of such links : ' a cable for a ship of 400 
tons will stretch, during this operation, in a whole cable, nearly thirty feet ! 



22 COMMANDERS. 

and will recover about ten*, when the strain is taken off.' What a de- 
rangement is here! When we look at this, and contemplate the injury 
hereby inflicted on the materials, we confess that we are not surprised 
that some of these chains have given way. That any of them should stand 
after sustaining such an injury, furnishes, perhaps, the strongest evidence 
that could be adduced, of the superiority of iron over hemp for the pur- 
poses of a cable. 

" It is the more surprising that Captain Brown should have fallen into 
this mistake respecting elasticity, having himself detected and exposed its 
fallacy as to hemp : ' There cannot, says he, ever be any certain advantage 
deduced from the portion of elasticity which cordage is known to possess ; 
for the force which caused its extension may be extended for a consider- 
able time after the cable has been stretched to its utmost limits :' of 
course, under a further strain it must break. He might have added, that 
every lengthening of a rope by strain is accompanied with the rupture of a 
certain number of its fibres : every repetition of the force ruptures more 
of them, and thus in time it becomes unserviceable. There is no stretch- 
ing without this partial rupturing ; and it is equally true, that no change 
in the relative position of the particles of matter in the link of a chain can 
be induced without a proportionate rupturing, injurious to its strength, 
taking place, though not perceptible to the eye. 

" Were it even true that the giving of a hempen cable was in its favour, 
the iron cable, from its superior gravity and the consequent weight of its 
curve, (an advantage justly appreciated by Captain Brown,") possesses 
more capability of giving (i.e. of lengthening the distance between the 
points of resistance) by the first effect of every strain, namely, an effort to 
straighten the chain, than any cable can by stretching. The elasticity, 
therefore, which Captain Brown gives to his chain, presents no one benefit 
to compensate in the slightest degree for the injury done to the iron, by 
giving it a form unfavourable to the resistance of violence. 

"The defect, and it is a most serious one, which attaches to the construc- 
tion of Captain Brown's chain, has been most happily obviated in another 
mode of construction, for which the inventor, Mr. Thomas Brunton, of 
the Commercial Road, has likewise obtained a patent. In Mr. Brunton's 
chain cable, that arrangement which can most effectually resist every soli- 
citation to change the form of any of the links or, in other words, that 
form of link which shall present the substance of the iron in the best pos- 
sible position for bringing the whole mass into equal action when assailed 
by an external force has been most successfully adopted. ****** 

" The public, we think, have been laid under great obligations both to 



* Observations on the Patent Iron Cables invented by Captain Samuel 
Brown. 



COMMANDERS. 23 

Captain Brown and Mr. Brunton to the former, for introducing the iron 
cable, and combating the prejudices of the public in favour of hemp to 
the latter, for perfecting the cable chain. It is impossible to anticipate 
the advantages which will accrue from the general adoption of iron cables. 
Many, many lives will be saved by this invention; not to speak of the 
saving of property, which, though of great importance in a national poinc 
of view, is but of secondary consideration. Such is our opinion of the 
safety to be derived from the use of iron in place of hemp, that we have 
no doubt whatever, that, were ships generally furnished with a good scope of 
chain, of proper weight, and of the best construction, not one instance out 
a hundred that now occur, of ships being lost on a lee shore, would take 
place. In rocky anchorage, hemp is cut to pieces in a short time in 
rough weather; but chain receives no other injury than that of a little 
rubbing or polishing, and the weight of the bight of the latter gives amaz- 
ing ease to the tossing vessel giving way to the swelling wave that 
elevates the ship, and then acting by its gravity to keep her as stationary 
as circumstances will permit." 

In July, 1817? Commander Brown obtained a patent for 
the manufacture of iron bridges of suspension, which are 
composed of straight wrought-iron bolts or bars, united at 
their ends by side-plates, with bolts passing through them, so 
that each line becomes, in effect, an entire bar, which ex- 
tends over its respective piers, and is secured in the rock or 
ground. A bridge of this description was erected by Com- 
mander Brown, in 1813, on his premises in the Isle of Dogs: 
it was originally intended for foot-passengers, and weighs 
only 38 cwt., but its strength is such, that carts and carriages 
pass safely over it. The span is 100 feet. 

In July, 1820, Commander Brown's suspension-bridge 
across the Tweed, near Tweed-hill, was opened, and its 
stability proved to the satisfaction of every spectator. The 
following description thereof is taken from the Monthly 
Magazine, Aug. 1st, 1822: 

'* The Union bridge across the river Tweed, at Norham Ford, is about 
five miles from Berwick. It was begun in Aug. 1819, and opened in July 
1820, while a stone bridge would have been the work of about three years. 
The road-way is made of timber, on which iron cart-tracks are laid for the 
carriage wheels. It is 18 feet in width, and 361 feet in length. The main 
beams or joisting, measures fifteen inches in depth and seven inches in 
thickness. The timber cleading or planks are twelve inches in breadth, 
and three inches in thickness. This great platform is suspended at the 



24 COMMANDERS. 

height of twenty-seven feet above the surface of the summer water of the 
river. It is also made to rise about two feet in the centre, and is finished 
on each side with a cornice of fifteen inches in depth. 

" The roadway is suspended from the catenarian or main chains by cir- 
cular rods of iron, which measure one inch in diameter. These perpen- 
dicular rods are wedged into caps or pieces of cast-iron, called saddles, 
which are placed at the distance of five feet apart, and are made to rest 
upon the shackles or joints of the chains. The attachment of the lower 
ends of these rods to the beams of the platform which they pass through, 
is by their embracing a bar of iron which runs along the whole extent 
of the bridge under the beams of the roadway on each aide. These bars 
measure three inches in depth, and they are connected with the suspending 
rods by a spear or bolt, which, in a very simple manner, completes the con- 
nection of the roadway with the perpendicular suspending rods, and chains. 

" The chains of this bridge are twelve in number, ranged in pairs ; the 
one pair being placed over the other, between the points of suspension on 
each side of the bridge. These chains, and indeed the whole of the iron- 
work, is made of the best Welsh iron. The chains are worked into a 
circular form, and measure about two inches in diameter. The links, as 
they may be termed, consist of rods of fifteen feet in length, and have bolt- 
holes, which are strongly welded, and neatly finished at each end. These 
links or rods are connected together by strong shackles, and a bolt is 
passed through them, which is of an oval form, measuring 2J by 2j inches. 
At each joint of the three tiers of the catenarian chains respectively, one of 
the saddle pieces of cast-iron is introduced. The first saddle-piece, with 
its suspending rod, for example, on either side of the bridge, may be con- 
ceived as resting on tjie upper pair of chains ; the next saddle-piece in the 
longitudinal direction of the roadway, rests upon the middle pair of chains, 
and the third upon the lower pair, and so on alternately, throughout the 
whole extent of the bridge. By this means all the chains bear an equal 
strain, and the joints are arranged in so precise and orderly a manner, that 
a saddle-piece and perpendicular suspending-rod occurs at every five feet, 
so that the distance between each pair of suspeuding-rods forms a space of 
five feet. The spaces of five feet between the suspending rods are formed 
into meshes of six inches square, to the height of five feet on each side of 
the bridge, and answer the purposes of a parapet wall for the safety of 
passengers. 

" Though the timber roadway is only about 361 feet in length, yet the 
chord-line of the main-chains measures no less than 482 feet between the 
points of suspension, with which they make an angle of about 12, and in 
forming the catenarian curve-drop, at the rate of one perpendicular to 
about seven feet in the length of chain, the versed sine of the middle pair 
of chains being about twenty-six feet. The twelve main-chains, with their 
apparatus, weigh about five tons each, and the weight of the whole bridge, 
between the points of suspension, has been estimated at 100 tons. 



COMMANDERS. 25 

" On the Scotch side of the river, the catenarian chains pass over a 
pillar of aisler masonry, which measures sixty feet in height, is about 
thirty-six feet in its medium width, and seventeen and a half feet in thick- 
ness. The sides of the lower ten feet of the walls of this pillar are 
square, but at this height the walls begin to slope at the rate of one per- 
pendicular to twelve horizontal. The archway in the masonry of this 
pillar, which forms the immediate approach to the roadway, measures 
twelve feet in width, and seventeen feet in height. Each pair of main 
chains, being suspended horizontally, pass through corresponding apertures 
in the masonry, at the distance of about two feet above one another, and 
go over rollers connected with the building. The links of the main chains 
at these points are made as short as the strength or thickness of the iron- 
will permit of their being welded, in order that they may pass over the 
rollers, without distorting or unduly straining the iron. After going 
through the masonry of the pillar, the chains are continued in a sloping 
direction to the ground. Here they are sunk to the depth of twenty-four 
feet, where they pass through great ballast-plates of cast-iron, into which 
they are stopped by a strong iron spear or bolt, of an oval form, measur- 
ing three inches by three and a half inches in thickness. The cast-iron 
ballast plates measure six feet in length, five feet in breadth, and five 
inches in thickness in the central parts ; but towards the edge, they dimin- 
ish in thickness to two and a half inches. The ends of the chain thus 
fixed, are loaded with mound-stones and earthy matters, to the level of 
the roadway of the bridge. 

" On the south side of the Tweed, the pillar or tower of masonry form- 
ing the abutment or point of suspension, is built upon a bench or foun- 
dation, excavated in the face of a precipitous sandstone rock, and is only 
about twenty feet in height ; but its other dimensions correspond with the 
upper part of the masonry on the Scotch side. The chains on the English 
side are made to rest upon plates of cast-iron, included in the masonry, in- 
stead of rollers, as on the opposite side. Here the ballast-plates are of 
the same dimensions as those already described ; but, instead of being sunk 
into the ground, as on the Scotch side, their position is rather above the 
foundation of the pillar, where they are set nearly perpendicular, but are 
placed so as to correspond with the direction of the strain or weight of the 
bridge. For the greater security of the position of these ballast-plates 
on the English side, they are connected with a horizontal arch of masonry, 
which is dovetailed into the rock. 

" The whole works of the Union-bridge, for masonry, carpentry, and 
smithery, were undertaken by Captain Brown for the sum of about J?5000, 
whilst the execution of a bridge of stone must have cost at least four times 
that sum. The object of its projector, says Mr. Stevenson, (from whose 
paper we abridge this article,) was not the realization even of the cost of 
this bridge, but chiefly with a view to shew the application of chain-cables 
to his favourite object of bridge-building. The trustees for this bridge 



26 COMMANDERS. 

have, however, presented Captain Brown with 1000 guineas since the 
completion of the work, over and above his estimated price." 

In a succeeding number of the same periodical we find the 
following paragraph : 

" About two years since, he (Commander Brown) erected a pier on 
this principle in Leith roads ; while at the same time a solid stone pier, on 
the old principle, was erected near the same spot. The situation is a 
rough one, and in the course of the past winter (1821 2) the stone pier 
was so much shaken by the heavy gales, as to render it necessary to take 
it down ; while the suspension pier of Captain Brown remained as firm as 
at its first erection." 

Commander Brown's iron pier of suspension at Newhaven 
enables passengers to step on the deck of the steam-vessel, 
at all times of the tide, even at the lowest ebb, without having 
recourse to a small boat to go through the surf. It extends 
seven hundred feet into the ocean, from high water mark, and 
is a curious and remarkable object *. 

That elegant structure, the chain-pier at Brighton, was also 
projected and executed by Commander Brown ; its founda- 
tion consists of four clumps of piles, two hundred and fifty- 
eight feet distant, driven nearly ten feet in the rock, and rising 
thirteen feet above high water. The first three clumps con- 
tain twenty piles each ; the fourth, which is in the form of a 
T, contains one hundred and fifty perpendicular and diagonal 
piles, strongly braced, the cross part of which is paved with 
about two hundred tons of Purbeck stone, and beneath which 
galleries and flights of steps are constructed for the conve- 
nience of embarkation. The pier, which is one thousand 
one hundred and thirty-four feet long, and thirteen feet wide, 
with a neat cast-iron railing on each side, is supported by 
eight chains, each containing one hundred and seventeen 
links, ten feet long, six and a quarter in circumference, and 
weighing one hundred and twelve pounds, which are made 
fast in the cliff. From the cliff, the chains, four on each side, 
pass over a tower of cast-iron, one on each clump of piles, 
with a dip of eighteen feet, secured at the outer clump of 



See Hants Tel 13th Aug. 1824. 



COMMANDERS. 2/ 

piles, and from which are suspended three hundred and 
sixty-two rods, connected by an iron bar, on which the plat- 
form rests. The length of the esplanade, along which car- 
riages pass, from the Steyne to the beginning of the pier, is 
one thousand two hundred and fifty feet. 

Commander Brown married, Aug. 14th, 1822, Mary, 
daughter of Mr. John Home, Writer to the Signet, Edin- 
burgh. 



ROBERT TOM BLACKLER, ESQ. 

OBTAINED the rank of lieutenant in Feb. 1800; and was 
wounded while serving as first of the Tphigenia frigate, Cap- 
tain Henry Lambert, in the disastrous affair at Port Sud-Est, 
Aug. 24th, 1810*. His commission as commander bears 
date Aug. 2d, 1811. 



JOHN BARTHOLOMEW HOAR CURRAN, ESQ. 

A SON of the late Right Hon. John Philpot Curran, for- 
merly Master of the Rolls in Ireland, Member of the Privy 
Council, &c. &c. 

This officer was made a lieutenant in June, 1806 ; pro- 
moted to the rank of commander, Aug. 2d, 1811 ; appointed 
to the Elk sloop, fitting out for the East India station, Nov. 
llth, 1813; and removed from that vessel to the Tyne 24, 
in Mar. 1816. The latter ship returned home, and was paid 
off at Plymouth, previous to Jan. 1817; since which he has 
not been employed. 



WILLIAM KELLY (b), ESQ. 

(Seniority 23d August, 1811.) 



" See Suppl. Part II. pp. 169172, ani Vol. III. Part I. p. 242 

et seq. 



28 COMMANDERS. 

HENRY DRURY. ESQ. 

OBTAINED the rank of lieutenant in Sept. 1807 ; acted as 
captain of the Akbar frigate during the operations against 
the island of Java, in Aug. and Sept. 1811; and was con- 
firmed in his present rank on the 10th of the latter month. 
He is now an Inspecting-Commander in the Coast-Guard 
Service, to which he was appointed June 10th, 1831. 



JOHN GEORGE BOSS, ESQ. 

WAS born at Beverley, co. York, in 1781 ; and educated 
by his aunt, Mrs. Frances Savage, of Honsea, in the same 
county, a most distinguished character in the methodist con- 
nexion, whose memoirs, together with her writings, are de- 
posited in the archives of that society. 

Mr. Boss commenced his naval career as an apprentice in 
the merchant service ; but soon quitted it, and entered as 
midshipman on board the Excellent 74, Captain Cuthbert 
Collingwood, in 1796. Previous to the peace of Amiens, he 
was engaged in various cutting-out expeditions; and after 
the renewal of hostilities, we find him, for a short time, in 
the hands of the enemy. On recovering his liberty, he joined 
the Centaur 74, bearing the broad pendant of Commodore 
Samuel Hood, then commander-in-chief at the Leeward 
Islands. 

The next service in which Mr. Boss appears to have been 
employed, was as a volunteer at the storming of Fort Solo- 
man, in the island of Martinique. He subsequently assisted 
in fortifying the Diamond Rock * ; and was with Lieutenant 
George Edmund Byron Bettesworth, of the Centaur, when 
that officer surprised and brought off a party of engineers 
employed in constructing works against it; on which oc- 
casion the general commanding that corps was taken pri- 
soner. 



See Suppl. Part I. p. 436 et seq. 



COMMANDERS. 29 

On the evening of the 3d Feb. 1804, four of the Centaur's 
boats, containing sixty seamen and twelve marines, under the 
orders of Lieutenant Robert Carthew Reynolds, assisted by 
Lieutenant Bettesworth, Mr. Boss, and Mr. John Tracey, 
secretary, were detached to attempt the capture of the French 
national brig Curieux, mounting 16 long 6-pounders, with a 
complement of 105 men, lying at anchor close under Fort 
Edward, at the entrance of the Carnage, Fort Royal har- 
bour, Martinique, victualled for three months, and all ready 
for a start to sea. The result of this enterprise is thus 
stated in James's Naval History, 2d edit. Vol. III. p. 354 
et seq. : 

" Although the suspicion that an attack might be made by a part of the 
blockading force had led to every commendable precaution to prevent 
surprise ; such as loading the carriage-guns with grape, and the swivels 
(of which there were eight) and wall-pieces with musket-balls ; spreading 
on the quarter-deck, and in the arm-chest, the muskets, sabres, pistols, 
tomahawks, and pikes ; filling the cartouch-boxes ; placing as sentries, 
one marine at each gangway-ladder, one at each bow, and two at the 
stern ; tracing up the boarding-nettings ; and directing a sharp look-out 
to be kept by every officer and man of the watch ; yet was the Curieux, 
owing to the vigour of the onset, and the hour chosen for making the 
attack, unapprized of her enemy's approach, until too late to offer a suc- 
cessful resistance. 

" At about three-quarters past midnight, after a hard pull of twenty 
miles, and just as the moon was peeping from behind a cloud, the Cen- 
taur's boats were hailed by the Curieux, and then fired into by the sentries, 
by two of the starboard guns, a swivel, and a wall-piece. The marines 
returned the fire with their muskets, and the boats pulled rapidly on. In 
the midst of a scuffle alongside, the barge pushed for the brig's stern. 
Here hung a rope-ladder, to which two boats were fast, Lieutenant Rey- 
nolds, and a seaman named Richard Templeton, ascended by it to the 
taffrail, and, in defiance of the swivels and wall-pieces mounted at this end 
of the vessel, were quickly followed by the rest of the barge's crew. In 
liis way up the ladder, Lieutenant Reynolds, with admirable coolness, cut 
away one of the tracing-lines with his sword, whereby the corner of the 
netting fell, and thus enabled the other boats to board on the brig's 
quarter. 

" Since the first alarm had been given, all the Curieux's crew, headed 
by their brave commander (Mons. Cordier), had been at their quarters ; 
and a sanguinary combat now ensued, in which the French officers took a 



30 COMMANDERS. 

much more active part than a portion of their men. The enemy, how- 
ever, were soon overpowered : some were killed or badly wounded ; others 
thrown down the hatchway ; and the remainder retreated to the fore- 
castle. Here a line of pikes stood opposed to the British ; but all was 
unavailable. Handspikes, and the butt-ends of muskets, became formid- 
able weapons in the hands of the latter, and soon laid prostrate on the 
deck the captain and most of the officers near him. The majority of the 
surviving crew having; by this time fled below, all further resistance pre- 
sently ceased. The British were not long in cutting the cable of their 
prize, nor in unfurling her sails ; and in a very few minutes, the Curieux, 
in the hands of her new masters, stood out of Fort Royal harbour. A 
smart fire was successively opened from Fort Edward, a battery on Point 
Negro, and another at Point Soloman ; but the brig passed clear, and long 
before break of day, was at anchor near the Centaur. 

" It was an additional cause of congratulation to the British, that their 
loss of men, considering the magnitude of the enterprise, was small, con- 
sisting of only nine wounded. Three of the number, it is true, were offi- 
cers ; viz. Lieutenant Reynolds, the gallant leader of the party ; his able 
second, Lieutenant Bettesworth ; and Mr. Tracey. The first-named officer 
received no fewer than five severe, and, as they eventually proved, mortal 
wounds : one of the seamen, also, died of his wounds. The loss on the 
part of the French was very serious ; one midshipman and nine other 
persons killed, and thirty, including every commissioned officer, wounded, 
many of them severely, and some mortally. Monsieur Cordier had a sin- 
gular escape: after having been knocked down and stunned, he was thrown 
overboard, but fell on the fluke of the anchor, whence he dropped into a 
boat which was alongside, full of water-casks. The only man in the boat 
immediately cut her adrift, and pulled for the shore ; and Captain Cordier, 
on recovering his senses, was as much chagrined as surprised at the novelty 
of his situation. 

'* The Curieux had long been at sea, and was considered to be one of 
the best-manned, and best-disciplined brigs in the French navy. Some of 
her crew were undoubtedly panic-struck ; but the time, and the sudden- 
ness of the attack, coupled with its resistless impetuosity, may serve in 
part for their excuse. The conduct of the British upon the occasion 
speaks for itself." 

The Curieux was immediately commissioned as a British 
sloop of war, and Mr. Boss, by whom she had been brought 
out of Fort Royal harbour, appointed her first lieutenant ; 
his commission, however, was not confirmed by the Admi- 
ralty until Sept. 14th, 1805. Shortly after this promotion, 
he assisted at the capture of 1'Elizabeth French schooner 
privateer ; and in the course of the same year we find him 



COMMANDERS. 31 

often employed in cutting out vessels fro m under the enemy's 
batteries. 

On the 8th Feb. 1805, the Curieux, then commanded by 
Captain G. E. B. Bettesworth, captured, after a very severe 
action, la Madame Ernouf brig, of 16 long sixes and 120 
men, of whom thirty were killed and forty wounded. " His 
Majesty's brig" (says that officer) " had five killed and three 
wounded, besides myself : of the former, 1 have to regret 
the loss of Mr. Maddox, the purser, who, on account of 
Mr. Boss, first lieutenant, having been left behind on leave, 
from the hurry of our sailing, volunteered his services, and 
was killed, gallantly fighting at the head of the small-arm 
men. ****** Lieutenant Boss having been left 
behind, deprived me of the services of an able and gallant 
officer.t" 

On this occasion, Captain Bettesworth (who had received 
three wounds in capturing the Curieux) was again severely 
wounded by a musket-ball in the head ; and previous to his 
recovery, Lieutenant Boss, acting as commander during his 
absence from duty, cut several schooners out of Cumana 
Gut, and a brig from St. Eustatia, under a destructive fire. 

On the 7th July, 1805, the Curieux arrived at Plymouth, 
with despatches from Lord Nelson, then in pursuit of the 
combined fleets of France and Spain. After refitting, she 
was sent to the Lisbon station, where her boats, under the 
command of Lieutenant Boss, captured and destroyed the 
Spanish privateers Brilliano and Baltidore, the former of five 
guns and fifty-five men, Nov. 25th, 1805 j the latter of six 
guns and forty-seven men, Feb. 5th, 1806. 

This officer's next appointment was to one of the line-of- 
battle ships stationed at Cadiz, during the siege of that im- 
portant place by the French army under Marshal Victor : 
whilst there he appears to have been alternately em- 
ployed in the gun and mortar boats, and almost daily engaged 
with the enemy J. He obtained his present rank on the 26th 



f See Supp. Part IV. p. 432, and note at p. 433. 
t See Vol. III. Part I. pp. 127141. 



32 COMMANDERS. 

Nov. 1811 ; and in the following year, a committee of mer- 
chants voted him a handsome present of plate, to bear the 
following inscription : " Presented to John George Boss, 
Esq. commander of his Britannic Majesty's sloop Rhodian, 
for his zeal and valor in the destruction of two French pri- 
vateers, and in defending a convoy from St. Jago de Cuha 
to Heneaga. " PKDRO BLANCO CARARIEGO." 

"June 28th, 1812." 

About the same period, Commander Boss entered Port 
Escondido, in the island of Cuba, and, with a trifling loss, 
captured and brought out a large piratical vessel, pierced for 
fourteen guns, together with three of her prizes. He subse- 
quentlycaptured upwards of twenty American merchantmen. 

In 1813, the Rhodian, with 500,000 dollars on board, was 
totally wrecked near Port Royal, Jamaica ; but, although the 
sea was so violent that the rafts were frequently torn away 
from her sides, every officer, man, and boy, the whole of 
her rigging and stores, and all the specie, except about forty 
dollars, were saved. For his extraordinary exertions on this 
occasion, the merchants presented Commander Boss (inde- 
pendent of the usual freight) with two pieces of plate, weigh- 
ing 400 ounces. 

The subject of this sketch married Charlotte, third 
daughter of the late Sir James Pennyman, Bart., of Ormes- 
by, and niece to the first Earl Grey : their daughter, an 
only child, died at the age of five years. 



CHARLES SQUIRE, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in Nov. 1802 ; and promoted to 
the command of the Onyx sloop, Dec. 4th, 1811. 



JONATHAN CHRISTIAN, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in Dec. 1793; promoted to his 
present rank on the 1st Feb. 1812; appointed to the Leveret 
sloop, Dec. 6th, 1813; re-appointed to the same vessel 



COMMANDERS. 33 

about Sept. 1815 ; and appointed Deputy-Inspector-Geaei-al 
of the Coast Guard, June 13th, 1820. 



THOMAS DUTTON, ESQ. 

OBTAINED the rank of lieutenant in Nov. 1800; and sub- 
sequently served on the coast of Egypt, where he was pre- 
sented with the Turkish gold medal, at the close of the cam- 
paign of 1801. On the 14th July 1804, while commanding 
the Demerara schooner, in the West Indies, he was captured 
by the French ship privateer Grand Decide', of 22 guns and 
150 men, after an action of thirty minutes. He afterwards 
commanded the Hardy gun-brig, on the Downs station ; and 
the Gladiator receiving-ship, in Portsmouth harbour, until 
promoted to his present rank, Feb. 1st, 1812. His next ap- 
pointment was, Dec. 6th, 1813, to the Alonzo sloop ; and 
since the peace he has been employed in the Ordinary at 
Portsmouth, where he continued for the usual period of three 
years. 

This officer married, Jan. 26th, 1809, Priscilla Edgcombe, 
niece to the late Frederick Edgcombe, Esq. a Commissioner of 
the Victualling Board. His son, who was master 's-assistant 
on board the Briton frigate, died in 1829. 



GAMALIEL FITZMAURICE, ESQ. 

OBTAINED the rank of lieutenant in May, 1802 ; and com- 
manded a boat belonging to the Conqueror 74, Captain (now 
Sir Israel) Pellew, at the capture of the French national 
brig Caesar, of 18 guns and 86 men, in Bourdeaux river, 
July 16th, 1806*. On this occasion, the petty officer who 
accompanied him was killed, and two of his men wounded. 
He subsequently served as first of the same ship, off Toulon, 
under the command of Captain (now Vice-Admiral) Fellowes ; 
and was promoted from her to his present rank, Feb. 1st, 
1812. At the close of the war, he commanded the Urgent 
of 14 guns. 

* See Suppl. Part III. p. 238 tt stri. 

VOL. IV. PART I. U 



34 COMMANDERS. 

GEORGE TREWEEKE SCOBELL, ESQ. 

OBTAINED his first commission on the 29th Mar. 1805 ; 
served as lieutenant under Captain (now Vice-Admiral) 
Thomas Eyles, in the Plantngenet 74, on the Baltic station ; 
and was promoted to the rank of commander, Feb. 1st, 
1812. He married, Oct. 6th, 1818, the youngest daughter 
of Mr. C. Savage, of Midsomer Norton, in Somersetshire. 



PEIRCY BRETT, ESQ. 

ELDEST son of the late Captain Peircy Brett, R. N. ; and 
grandson of Captain William Brett, R. N., brother to Ad- 
miral Sir Peircy Brett, who, as a lieutenant, circumnavigated 
the globe with Anson ; and afterwards fought a most gallant 
action, of which the following account is given by Schomberg: 

" On the 9th of July, 1745, the Lion, of 60 guns and 400 men, com- 
manded by Captain Peircy Brett, being on a cruise in lat. 47 17' N., fell 
in with the Elizabeth, a French ship of war, of 64 guns and 600 men, and 
a small frigate, the latter having on board Prince Charles, son of the Pre- 
tender, and several officers of distinction, who were accompanying him, in 
order to support his efforts to land in Scotland. At 5 p. M., the Lion got 
within pistol-shot of the Elizabeth, when a most obstinate battle began, 
and continued with great fury till ten ; at which time the Lion had lost her 
mizen-mast, and all her other masts and yards were so much wounded, and 
rigging and sails cut to pieces, that she became unmanageable. The Eli- 
zabeth not being so much crippled in her rigging, her commanding officer 
availed himself of the opportunity, set what sail he could, and got off. 
The Lion had 45 men killed and 107 wounded. Captain Brett, with all 
his lieutenants and the master, were among the wounded. The Elizabeth 
had her captain and 64 men killed, and 144 wounded ; besides which she 
was so much damaged, that it was with difficulty she reached Brest. 
After the action, the frigate pursued her course, and landed Prince Charles 
at Lochabar, on the 27th of July." 

In 1753, having conveyed King George II. to Holland, 
Captain Brett received the honor of knighthood. In 1758, 
he was first captain to Lord Anson, in the Royal George, and 
subsequently commodore in the Downs. In 1 759, he became 
a colonel of marines ; in 1762, a rear-admiral ; and in Dec. 



COMMANDERS. 35 

1766, a lord of the Admiralty. He died an admiral of the 
blue, in May, 1781. His nephew, Peircy, first went to sea 
with the late Lord Hood ; and was in the action off Ushant, 
between Keppel and D'Orvilliers, July 27th, 1778; but 
served mostly on the North American station. He attained 
post rank in 1787; and died in 1792, aged 32 years, leaving 
a widow and four sons, viz. PEIRCY, the subject of the 
following sketch ;. Spencer Phipps, who, while serving as a 
lieutenant of artillery under General Skerrit, was killed in the 
attack of the bridge at Seville, Aug. 27th, 1812* ; William 
Thomsorij now a major in the Hon. East India Company's 
artillery ; and Henry, a. lieutenant, R. N. which rank he at- 
tained, in Oct. 1810f* The mother of these gentlemen is a 
daughter of the late Captain David Phipps, R.N., de- 
scended from Sir William Phipps, who, in 1687, after 
great perseverance, discovered the wreck of a Spanish 
plate ship that had been, under water 44 years ; for which 
service the honor of knighthood and a gold medal was con- 
ferred upon him by King James II. This medal, together 
with the first piece of silver that was brought up from the 
wreck, is still preserved in the family. Sir William, whose 
brother was Constantine first Lord Mulgrave, subsequently 
obtained the government of the Massachusetts, in New 
England : his descendant, the above-mentioned Captain David 
Phipps, died in the year 1811, aged 87. 

Mr. PEIRCY BRETT, junior, was bom at Westbere, near 
Canterbury, Feb. 20th, 1785 ; and admitted at the Royal 
Academy, Portsmouth, May 29th, 1797- He first embarked 
on board the Royal Sovereign, flag-ship of Sir Henry Harvey, 
second in command of the Channel fleet, May 17th, 1801 ; 
served during tile peace of Amiens, in the Bittern sloop, 
Captain Robert Corbett, on the Mediterranean station ; affd 
was appointed, by Sir Richard Bickerton, to act as lieutenant 



A monument to his memory was erected at Seville, by General 
Downie, in Sept. 1812. 

+ The above officer was present at the capture of the leles of France 
and Java ; and has seen much other active service. 

n2 



36 COMMANDERS. 

in the gun-boat service at Gibraltar, May 16th, 1805. On 
the reduction of that establishment, in Oct. following, he 
joined the Donegal 74, Captain (nowSirPulteney) Malcolm ; 
and, on the 23d of the same month, assisted at the capture 
of El Rayo, a Spanish first-rate, forming part of the division 
under Admiral Gravina, which, on its return to port after 
the battle of Trafalgar, had been immediately ordered to sea 
again, for the purpose of attempting the rescue of some of 
the disabled prizes. The other services in which he partici- 
pated at this memorable period have been noticed in Vol. I. 
Part II. p. 592 et seq. 

On the 12th Nov. 1805, Mr. Brett was appointed, by 
Collingwood, lieutenant of the Tigre 80, Captain Benjamin 
Hallowell (now Sir B. H. Carew) ; in Aug. 1806, to. the 
Madras 54, Captain Charles Marsh Schomberg; in July, 
1807, to the Repulse 74, Captain the Hon. Arthur Kaye 
Legge j and subsequently to the Queen 98, Captain Thomas 
George Shortland ; all on the Mediterranean station, from 
whence he returned home in Sept. 1808. His subsequent 
appointments were, about Sept. 1808, to the Implacable 74, 
then commanded by Captain George Charles Mackenzie, but 
afterwards by Captain (now Sir T. Byam) Martin ; in Jan. 
1810, to the Formidable 98, Captain James Nicoll Morris ; 
and, in May, 1811, to the Egmont 74, Captain Joseph 
Bingham, under whom he served until advanced to his pre- 
sent rank, Feb. 1st. 1812. The Implacable was first em- 
ployed in bringing home part of Sir John Moore's gallant 
army from Corunna ; and next on the Baltic station : the 
Formidable formed part of a squadron under Sir Joseph 
Yorke, employed in escorting troops to Lisbon ; and on her 
return was ordered to the Baltic ; the Egmont cruised for 
some time off Cherbourg, and ultimately bore the flag of 
Rear- Admiral George J. Hope, to whom was confided the 
care of the Russian fleet sent to this country for its better 
security, in the year 1812. 

Commander Brett married, in Nov. 1821, Harriet, only 
surviving daughter of the late Thomas Brookes, of Henwick- 
house, co. Berks, Esq. 



COMMANDERS. 3/ 

WILLIAM STYLE, ESQ. 

OBTAINED the rank of lieutenant in Aug. 1806 ; and com- 
manded the boats of the Defiance 74, Captain (now Sir 
Henry) Hotham, at the capture of three French coasting 
vessels, laden with wine and resin, under the batteries of 
Belleisle, June 1st, 1810. He was subsequently employed 
in the flotilla service at Cadiz, where a gun- vessel, the Cam- 
perdown, under his command, was wrecked, Oct. 28th, 1810*. 
His commission as commander bears date Feb. 1st, 1812. 
We lastly find him commanding the Gannet sloop, employed 
in escorting the remains of Queen Caroline, from Harwich 
to Cuxhaven. 



CHARLES TYLER, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in Oct. 1801 ; and commander 
Feb. 7th, 1812. 



CHARLES THOMAS THRUSTON, ESQ. 

SECOND son of the late Framingham Thruston, of Market 
Weston Hall, co. Suffolk, Esq. 

This officer entered the naval service, at the latter end of 
1798, as midshipman on board laVolage 24, Captain (now 
Vice- Admiral) the Hon. Philip Wodehouse, with whom he 
sailed for Jamaica early in 1799. 

Shortly after their arrival on that station, Captain Wode- 
house relinquished his command, from ill health, and re- 
turned to England as passenger in la Renomme'e frigate, 
accompanied by Mr. Thruston. The passage home, with 
a numerous convoy, was long and tedious ; and the very 
shattered state of la Renommee rendered it at one time 
rather problematical whether they would ever reach England. 
Near the banks of Newfoundland, they encountered a most 



* See Vol. III. Part I. pp. 131 and 133 



38 COMMANDERS. 

violent gale of wind, during which the ship worked so 
heavily as to cause several bolts to start some inches from her 
sides ; and before her arrival at Spithcad the whole fabric of 
the upper works was literally frapped together, by means of 
hawsers passed fore-and-aft through the opposite main-deck 
ports. 

Mr. Thruston next joined the Cruiser sloop, Captain {now 
superannuated Rear-Admiral) Charles Wollaston, on the 
North Sea station, where he witnessed the capture of several 
privateers and neutrals, the latter laden with enemy's pro- 
perty. We subsequently find him serving under Captain 
Wodehouse, in the Brilliant, Iris, and Resistance frigates. 
The last named ship was employed in attendance on King 
George III. at Weymouth, during the summer of 1802 ; and 
wrecked a few miles to the northward of Cape St. Vincent, 
when proceeding to the Mediterranean, May 31st, 1803. 
On joining the fleet off Toulon, her captain, officers, and 
crew were tried by a court-martial, and the whole, with two 
exceptions, fully acquitted i these were Lieutenant South- 
cott, who had charge of the watch when she ran aground, 
and Mr. Rose, the master ; the former gentleman was placed 
at the bottom of the list, and the latter dismissed H.M. service. 
Disliking the tedium and irksomeness of a crowded flag- 
ship, Mr. Thruston, on the departure of Captain Wodehouse 
for England, volunteered his services to Captain Thomas 
Staines, and was received by that officer on board the Came- 
lion sloop j as were also two of his fellow sufferers in the 
late shipwreck, (the gallant Manners, who afterwards lost 
his life in the command of the Reindeer j and the present 
Captain George Scott). The character of their new com- 
mander for enterprize is sufficiently known to warrant the 
belief that the three young volunteers were not idle during 
a cruise of some months on the coasts of Italy and France* 
it was the summer season, and scarcely a night passed in 
which the boats, commanded by these young gentlemen, 
were not actively, and for the most part, successfully em- 
ployed, in boarding and cutting out vessels from almost every 
accessible place along those shores. 



COMMANDERS. 39 

From the Camelion, Mr. Thruston was discharged into the 
Canopus 80, bearing the flag of Rear-Admiral (afterwards 
Sir George) Campbell, to whose patronage he had been 
strongly recommended by Captain Wodehouse ; and he con- 
tinued to serve under that worthy officer until his return to 
England. The remaining few months of his time as mid- 
shipman were passed in the Prince 98, Captain Richard 
Grindall, attached to the Channel fleet, then commanded by 
Admiral Lord Gardner, to whose brother, Valentine, an 
old, able, and meritorious military officer, the widow of 
Ffft'mingham Thruston, Esq. had previously been married. 
Had his lordship's life been of longer duration, this con- 
nexion would in all probability have proved beneficial to her 
son; but, unfortunately, the gallant veteran died in Jan. 
1809, and no one of his family now survives in the naval 
service; his three sons, Alan, Francis, and Valentine, the 
two former flag-officers, smd the latter a post-captain, having 
all died within a few years of each other. 

After passing his examination, Mr. Thruston accepted the 
then new appointment of sub-lieutenant, and served as such 
in the Charles hired armed ship, Captain George Davies, em- 
ployed as convoy to the Baltic trade ; a service comparatively 
inactive, and affording but little, if any, scope for enterprise. 
His promotion to the rank of lieutenant took place in Nov. 
1806, on which occasion he was appointed first of the Ring- 
dove sloop, Captain George Andrews, fitting out at Chatham 
for the North Sea station. In the following year, we find 
him present at the siege of Copenhagen and capture of the 
Danish navy. His next appointment was, through the in- 
terest of his kind and ever constant friend Vice-Admiral 
Campbell, to be second of the Endymion frigate, Captain 
(now Rear- Admiral) the Hon. Thomas Bladen Capel. 

We here pass over a series of dull uninteresting cruises, 
the monotony of which was only broken by the Endymion 
forming part of the squadron ordered to cover the retreat and 
embarkation of Sir John Moore's gallant army, at Corunna. 
Mr. Thruston, it appears, commanded a division of boats 
on that occasion. The details are so fully known to the 



40 COMMANDERS. 

public, that it would be superfluous now to repeat them. 
While we are on the subject of the peninsular war, how- 
ever, we cannot refrain from transcribing part of Captain 
Basil Hall's interesting narrative of the Endymion's subse- 
quent proceedings, in which, from peculiar circumstances, 
his messmate, the subject of this memoir, bore a principal 
share. 

" The period of our cruise" (on the coast of Portugal) " being nearly 
out, \ve were steering home again, and sailing slowly along the coast of 
Spain, when, in the beginning of April, 1809, being then nearly be- 
calmed off Cape Finisterre, we saw a small vessel coming towards us from 
the shore. The night was falling fast, bat she reached us before it was 
dark, as we put our head towards her, immediately on perceiving that she 
was making for the frigate. The Spaniards on board this vessel had been 
sent as a deputation from a body of insurgents, anxious to obtain assistance 
from any English ship on the coast. They entreated us to bring our 
frigate into their bay, and assured us that, with a little additional aid, the 
inhabitants would be enabled to expel the French from this part of the 
country altogether. These men were the bearers of supplicating letters 
from the Junta of Corcubion, setting forth, in most moving terms, that 
they were in want of nothing but arms ' Falta solamente armas 1' was the 
grand theme ; and if their operations, said they, could only be countenanced 
by the presence of a British man-of-war, the success of their campaign was 
secure. *#* 

" It was resolved that we should enter the bay of Finisterre next morning, 
to see what was doing, before lending the patriots, as they called them- 
selves, such assistance as lay in our power. We stood off and on for the 
night ; and I shall never forget the state of excitement in which we were 
kept till the day broke. * * * When we sailed into the bay, early 
next morning, the frigate was surrounded by boats, crowded with people 
of all ranks and classes, eager to express their gratitude for such prompt 
aid to their cause. Old men and young men ran about the decks hugging 
and kissing us, according to their custom, but in a manner so repugnant 
to our northern habits, that such of the sailors as had never been in the 
way of being so saluted before, were disposed to receive these marks of 
affection with anything but good will. * * * When the ship was 
secured at her anchors, we made arrangements for landing. We could 
spare our new allies only 150 muskets, and as many cutlasses ; but these, 
together with a due proportion of boarding pikes and tomahawks, with 
plenty of powder and ball, when displayed on the quarter-deck, made a 
considerable show, and greatly delighted the deputies, who had been a 
little disappointed at first when told of our small supply. 

" The enthusiasm amongst the peasantry and towns-people on shore 



COMMANDERS. 4l 

rose to a still higher pitch than any thing we had seen enac'ted on board. 
The women embraced us most cordially, with tears in their bright eyes 
the children ran up and down the streets of the village, squealing out, 
' Viva ! viva !' while the old folks of both sexes hobbled to their doors to 
greet the arrival of the heaven-sent strangers. Numerous entertainments 
were prepared for us ; and, as these good people would never be satisfied 
that we gave them credit for sincerity unless \ve partook of every dish at 
every feast, we were soon overstocked with provisions. A visit to the 
patriot camp was, of course, our first grand object; and no sooner had we 
hinted a wish to proceed there, than horses and mules, by the dozen, were 
at the door. The muskets and swords landed from the Endymion were 
then placed in carts, and off we set to the field, in grand cavalcade, accom- 
panied by all the younger inhabitants, and half the older ones, of this 
pretty village too soon to become a terrible scene of misery and blood- 
shed. * * * At every step, as we rolled along, the crowd gained fresh 
numbers, till, by the time we reached Bernun, at the distance of a league 
or so from Corcubion, our cavalcade made a very respectable army of itself 
as armies then went and we began to think we really were destined to 
be the liberators of Spain ! A little circumstance struck us during this 
memorable day's trip, which marked strongly enough the degree of enthu- 
siasm in the patriot cause. The ploughs in most of the fields along 
which we passed on our way to the camp, were guided by women, whose 
husbands or sons, they assured us, had been sent to join the forces as- 
sembled to repel the invasion. Whenever we stopped to compliment them 
on their public spirit, they shouted like the rest of the crowd, and 
evinced no less animation or confidence of success than was shewn by the 
men. * * * 

" I can recall at this distance of time, with perfect distinctness, the 
quiet expression of humour in our experienced captain's countenance, 
while he listened to the pompous assurances of the enthusiastic Dons, on 
our way to the patriot camp. He spoke no Spanish, though there was 
reason to suspect he understood it pretty well when he heard it spoken. 
This probably enabled him to get on better, upon the whole, with the 
Junta, than if he had been able to enter personally into discussions with 
them. It would have been different, of course, if these Spaniards had 
been men of sense and experience, or if there had been any real service to 
be executed in concert with the insurgents; but, as it was, I believe 
nothing could have been better. He was fortunate, also, in having a very 
good supporter, while his own professed ignorance of the language af- 
forded him leisure to reflect before he was called upon to reply. / allude 
to our grand interpreter, and the main-spring- of all our operations, the 
second lieutenant, Charles Thruston, an officer who had seen much active 
service, both afloat and on shore, and who, to the important advantages 
of experience in this peculiar line of warfare, added a knowledge of the 
Spanish language, and a heartiness of address peculiarly suited to win the 



42 COMMANDERS. 

confidence r>f the people tee were amongtt. To give efficacy to these 
qualifications, he was gifted with talents and resources which it is a 
thousand pities should not have found higher exercise in the service of his 
country, than in this inglorious campaign of Corcubion. It was of the 
greatest importance, however, to the cause, to have one man amongst us 
whom all parties esteemed and were quite willing to follow ; and who 
likewise understood the language and habits of the natives go thoroughly, 
that no misapprehension of their meaning was ever likely to arise. 

" Before these patriotic bands had called us in to assist them, they had 
been sorely distracted amongst themselves as to 'the nomination of a Com- 
mander-in-chief. About 200() men, the Junta informed us, were assembled 
at Bernun. Only a few of these were properly armed with fire-locks, 
while some carried pikes or swords, and the rest brought nothing to the 
cause but boundless zeal and much talk. Amongst these people were 
several old soldiers, who, having seen a little service in their day, knew 
the value of discipline ; and had learned in the course of their campaign- 
ing, that the chief element of good order is a well-grounded reliance on 
the skill of the commander. These men naturally wished to appoint as 
their chief a person named Catnano, who, from having served twelve 
years in the regular army, it was reasonable to think, knew something of 
military manners. The priest of the parish, however, had the voice of 
the peasantry with him. This worthy and gallant pastor, whose name was 
Lapido, possessed the entire confidence of the villagers and neighbours 
who formed his congregation, and who were naturally prompted to nomi- 
nate him their leader by the very same motives whidh induced the soldiers 
to call out for Camano. * * * It would have been a troublesome ad- 
dition to our responsibilities, to have been called upon to decide between 
the rival pretensions of the sword and the gown. The proverb carried the 
day, however, and the soldier yielded to the churchman. The good sense 
and experience of the veteran, indeed, shewed him, that he might be 
more useful as a second, acting under one whom the great mass of the 
people cheerfully obeyed, than he could possibly be as commander-in- 
chief, with the church secretly, if not avowedly, against him, and, of 
course, the body of the congregation jealous of his authority. Camano, 
also, by his influence succeeded in prevailing upon the whole of his own 
party to adopt the same course ; wisely remarking, that since, in such 
times, unanimity is the life and soul of enterprise, it would ill become 
old soldiers to be wrangling about precedence, when the enemy was at 
their gates. 

" Things being thus 'amicably adjusted, the reconciled rivals set about 
their task of disciplining their troops. The worthy padre, however, having 
heretofore taken charge only of the souls of his flock, was entirely adrift 
when he came to the details of arranging their external operations ; and 
Camano, whose knowledge of the art of war was confined pretty much 
to the handling of a musket, WHS equally thrown out when busied with the 



COMMANDERS. 43 

intricacies of discipline, and the troublesome details of classifying the 
officers according to their respective merits and intentions." 

It is proper here to observe, that the Spanish priests were 
the most active and determined opponents of the French, and 
from that class most of the officers of the newly raised patri- 
otic army were selected. The partial organization of the 
troops was ultimately effected under the direction and guidance 
of Lieutenant Thruston, to whose advice and orders Don Pedro 
Lapido, although dubbed a marechal, implicitly submitted, 
conceiving that every British uniform contained under it 
military knowledge of all kinds, and consequently that every 
Englishman wearing a sword must be a complete general. 

" On reaching the camp," continues Captain Hall, " we found the patriot 
army exercising by divisions, under the immediate directions of old 
Lapido, who buckled over his cassock a huge, rusty sabre, taken by the 
guerillas, he told us, from a French dragoon in the mountain passes. 
When we approached, a general halt was ordered, and those who had 
muskets presented them, while those who had none went through the 
motions with their pikes or staves, formed out of scythes and reaping- 
hooks, by which these redoubtable warriors were, according to their own 
account, so speedily to eject the French from their country. 

" As soon as the first salutations were over, the captain of the Eudy- 
mion, with a gravity which shewed how far the sense of duty can over- 
come a feeling of ridicule, made the patriots- a speech, interpreted, sentence 
for sentence, by Lieutenant Thruston. He complimented them upon 
their appearance^ their military zeal, and their generous devotion ; saying, 
that as nothing could be more suitable to the times, than such public- 
spirited demonstrations of hostility to the merciless invaders of their 
magnificent country, so they might reckon with confidence on the hearty 
co-operation of England in so just a cause. A pair of colours, made by 
the tailors of the Endymion, were then presented to the Reverend Don 
Pedro Lapido, and an elegant sword to Lieutenant-General Camano, the 
military mover in these grand proceedings. I need hardly say that the air 
was rent with vivas ; and I am sure any one ignorant of Spain, who had 
seen the manner in which we were pulled about, and the very hems of 
our garments kissed or heard the words ' Vivan los Ingleses !' bawled 
into our ears, would have declared all the reproaches uttered against the 
national jealousy of the Spaniards a scandalous libel. They offered to 
be guided by us in every thing wished us to lead them instantly against 
the enemy, lest he should escape, even the privates in this enthusiastic 
army, forgetting all order, left their ranks, to come crowding round us. 
We should have been worse than the mules on whose backs we were 



44 COMMANDKRS. 

swayed about in the crowd, like a ship in the trough of the sea, if we 
could have remained insensible to this adulation ; and though we knew and 
said to one another that the greater part of it was ' all my eye,' or mere 
words, still, enough of the unction entered our minds to make us fancy 
the hour was at last come when we were to be of some splendid use to 
mankind. But in saying this, perhaps, I ought to answer only for us 
juniors, when I speak of heads being turned. Our sagacious commander, 
I suspect, was never taken in ; and my brother-officer Thruston, as in- 
terpreter-general, .had so much to do, and was consulted about so many 
things of real importance, that he had less leisure to be carried away 
by the excitements of the moment, than some of the rest of our 
party. **** 

" Under our auspices, the peasantry continued to flock in from the ad- 
jacent country ; and although we could supply scarcely a twentieth part of 
these patriots with arms, we aided the good cause, as far as lay in our 
power, by putting their posts and outposts in order, and giving them such 
advice as we could, respecting their commissariat, and other arrangements 
of the troops. Fortunately, in all these matters Mr. Thruston had consi- 
derable experience : he soon acquired, also, an influence in the camp, 
which, if the materials he had to deal with had been more energetic, might 
have saved these poor troops from great disasters. His first object was, 
if possible, to place the men in a situation of security against any sudden 
attack of the enemy, which he had too much reason to fear might overset 
the whole of their plans. In truth, however, it was not easy to make out 
what really were the plans and objects of our patriotic protege's, unani- 
mously agreed only on two points a bitter hatred to the French, and a 
perfect reliance on themselves. 

" The head-quarters of the enemy's army in Galicia were at Santiago de 
Compostella; from which point they sent out small or large divisions, ac- 
cording to circumstances, to keep the surrounding country in subjection. 
At the same time, compact bodies of cavalry scoured the country, and by 
threats of severe vengeance laid the villages under contribution for the 
supply of corn and provisions of all kinds. Just before we anchored in 
Fmisterre bay, they had sent to Corcubion a fresh demand for corn and 
wine ; to which requisition the Junta sent for answer ' Let the French 
come and take it.' To all previous demands of a similar nature they had 
yielded not without murmuring, though without any positive shew of re- 
sistance ; but they were now determined to make a stand. This impru- 
dent Junta met in council every day, and, at their desire, one of us 
always attended as a sort of honorary member. * * * It was our constant 
entreaty, that the patriots should have confidential scouts posted along 
the road all the way from Santiago, or wherever the French might be, in 
order that we might be apprised of their force and movements, so as to 
have it in our pover to prepare for their coming, if they were not too 
strong, or to withdraw, if they wer likely to overpower us. But the self- 



COMMANDERS. 45 

satisfied, soporific Junta solemnly assured us, that these precautions were 
carefully taken, and that they received daily, indeed almost hourly, the 
most exact information of all the enemy were doing. Yet it so happened 
that they would never let us see any of these accredited agents of their's, 
either before they set out, or when they returned ; and it soon became but 
too manifest, that the only sources of this boasted information were the 
popular rumours of the peasantry. * * * * 

" Under these circumstances, we felt much at a loss, not only what to 
advise, but what to do ourselves. * * *. We reiterated our advice to the 
Junta, that they would take some more systematic" precautions than any 
they had yet adopted, against a sudden incursion of the enemy's troops. 
They replied, that they had secretly done so, and that every pass was 
watched and guarded, except one, which, they said, it was not in their 
power to put in a proper state of defence without our help. The captain 
begged to know what kind of assistance they required ; for he was not 
much disposed to allow his marines to act in such company. He was not 
a little relieved, therefore, by their saying, that what they wanted was not 
soldiers or sailors, but a couple of the frigate's quarter-deck guns, to plant 
in one of the passes of the mountains. They described this pass as being 
so narrow, that, if it were once fortified in this way, the whole of the 
French might be kept in check, until the necessary measures could be 
taken to bring up the patriot forces from Corcubion to complete the vic- 
tory. I was accordingly despatched to the pass, with orders to make a 
survey of the ground, and to report my opinion as to the practicability of its 
being effectually defended against the French army, by a couple of 32- 
pounder carronades. 

" The place pointed out lay about fifteen miles from Corcubion ; and I 
set off under the guidance of peasants provided by the Junta, with an 
escort of half-a-dozen soldiers from the camp, the whole party being very 
respectably 'mounted on mules. This was on the 8th of April, and we 
reached our destination in the course of the day. My imagination had 
pictured to itself a narrow gorge, or cleft in the hills, like one of those 
Swiss passes in which the Burgundian invaders were demolished by the 
rocks and trunks of trees rolled down upon them by the natives. Much 
was my disappointment, therefore, when I came to the spot designated by 
this most precious of Juntas as one capable of being defended by a couple 
of guns against 10,000 French troops. It was an open, cultivated valley, 
at least a league wide, formed by ranges of hills, not rugged and inacces- 
sible, but quite smooth, and easily to be traversed by any description of 
troops, artillery inclusive. * * * 

"On returning from the interior, April 9th, I found the Endymion still 
lying in Finisterre bay, where she had been joined by H. M. ship Loire*, 



Commanded by Captain (now Rear- Admiral) Alex. W. Schomberg. 



46 COMMANDERS. 

a frigate despatched from England, with a supply of arms and ammunition 
expressly for the insurgents of Spain. The whole world at Corcubion 
were thrown into extravagant joy by this unlooked-for piece of good for- 
tune ; and nothing certainly could have been more seasonable than a sup- 
ply of several thousand muskets, being nearly one for every unarmed 
peasant at our camp of those at least who were in some degree organized 
and drilled. But as there were still upwards of 1,000 men over and above 
those formed into corps, and many others were crowding in from the 
country, it was thought right to despatch the Loire to England for a fresh 
supply. 

" Early next day, we proceeded to the shore in great glee, to be present 
at the grand distribution of arms to the patriots in their camp. On reach- 
ing the council room, however, we learned, to our utter astonishment, that 
the army, as they were pleased to term it, had broken up that morning at 
two o'clock, from Bernun, and marched to a place called. Paisas, twenty 
miles further off. It was in vain to urge the Junta to send off immediate 
order* to recall, or, at least, to arrest the troops, till they had arms put 
into their hand?, their cartouch-boxes tilled, and their arrangements got 
into some kind of trim to meet the enemy, should he think of coming 
down upon them. All we could extract from the Junta was, that as their 
orders had been given upon solid grounds, they could not be rescinded. 
* * * 

"As the Junta had taken no measures to keep open the communication 
between the town and their forces, Lieutenant Thruston was sent oft' to 
the insurgent head-quarters at Paisas, to render any service to the cause, 
which his talents and activity might bring to bear upon the sadly mis- 
directed fortunes of these poor Spaniards. In the mean time, we assisted 
the fishermen, and more stirring part of the town's-people, in completing 
the equipment of several gun-boats, which, in the absence of better means, 
it was thought might keep the enemy at bay, should they come near Cor- 
cubion, as the fire from these vessels commanded the main road; for a con- 
siderable distance. These, and all the other precautions we could think 
of, became every hour more necessary; for reports poured rapidly in 
from the country, stating that the French had actually moved from San- 
tiago in two divisions the first of 1,000 men, the other of 600 and that 
one of these corps had been seen in full march towards the coast. Still, 
even when we knew that the enemy was bearing down upon us, we could 
fall upon no means of rousing the imperturbable Junta to any thing like 
action, or even precaution. ****** 

"The captain of the Endymion now became seriously alarmed for the 
fate of the town he had been called upon to protect. But all he could pos- 
sibly do, was to send a fresh supply of ammunition for the gun-boats, and 
a message to the Junta of which I was the bearer to say, that if they 
wished it, the frigate should instantly be warped close to Corcubion to 
cover the escape of the inhabitants, since, from all he could learn, the 



COMMANDERS. 4/ 

enemy were coming in such force as to break through and overwhelm the 
half-armed peasantry at Paisas. 

" We rowed smartly up the bay, but had scarcely doubled the point of 
land at the entrance of the harbour, when we observed a smart cannonading 
open from the gun-boats stationed near the Santiago road. This fire was 
promptly returned from the neighbouring heights by a continued dis- 
charge of musketry. The enemy, in fact, had pounced, unsqen, on their 
prey ; for we could now distinguish the French soldiers pouring into the 
wretched town from both sides of the valley. Many of the inhabitants 
rushed to the fishing-boats on the beach, and leaping into them, indiscrimi- 
nately pushed into the stream. As we rowed up the harbour, we met 
hundreds of these poor people, half dressed, screaming, and struggling 
hard to get beyond the reach of shot. Others fled along the sides of the 
hills towards the bay, hoping to be picked off the shore by the boats, or, 
if they failed in this, to conceal themselves in caves amongst the rocks. 
Of these fugitives, great numbers were brought down, like hunted deer, or 
like game in a ' battu,' by the fire of the enemy, whose cruel measures 
had been taken with so much skill, that the devoted town was nearly sur- 
rounded before day broke. The whole face of the little harbour was soon 
covered with boats flying from this scene of destruction and happy were 
those who escaped with their lives. The adjacent banks, too, were 
crowded with groups of men, women, and children, shrieking in a most 
touching manner, and entreating their friends to take them into the 
boats already overcrowded. So completely hemmed in, were these 
wretched people, that escape was almost impossible. The horror and 
confusion of this frightful spectacle were increased by the conflagration of 
the town, in the streets of which deeds of still greater atrocity were going 
on. Of course, we qould be of no use to such multitudes fifty such boats 
as I was in would not have held half the people; and long before the 
frigate could have entered the harbour, all was over. 

" As it was useless to land, I rowed past the flaming town towards the head- 
most gun-boats, to supply them with ammunition. The Spanish sailors were 
fighting as gallantly as possibje. Unfortunately, the two headmost boats 
got entangled some how orother^ and the second in theline, not being able 
to distinguish her consort in the smoke, fired a shot right into the maga- 
zine of the vessel a-head of. her. In one moment the boat and most of her 
crew were blown high into the air. We were so near at the instant of 
this catastrophe, that the fragments fell on board of us ; indeed, hud we 
arrived twenty seconds sooner, we must have shared the same fate. We 
lost no-time in distributing the powder with which we we,re loaded, to the 
other boats, and then busied ourselves in saving such of the blown-up sea- 
men as were swimming about. Meanwhile, the French made such quick 
work of their task of destruction, that, as we rowed down the harbour 
again, they were retiring from the town and re-forming on the road beyond 
the bend or turn opposite to which the gun-boats were stationed. 



43 COMMANDERS. 

" I have already mentioned that Lieutenant Thruston, on the evening 
before the attack was made, had been despatched to the head-quarters of 
the patriots to keep up our communications, and, as far as he could, to 
induce the Spaniards to act with something like system or sense. He had 
a very difficult, as well as a delicate game to play, and acquitted himself with 
great discretion, in circumstances of no small intricacy as well as danger." 
(HALL'S " Fragments of Voyages and Travels" vol. III. pp. 6 73-) 

The night of April 10th, 1809, was excessively dark, wet, 
and stormy ; and this circumstance proved the salvation of 
Lieutenant Thruston and his guides. About 10 p. M., their 
mules refusing to face the storm, and they themselves being 
wet through, and benumbed with cold, the little party sought 
shelter in a hovel, distant from the road about ten or twenty 
yards ; but had not been seated many minutes before their 
host rushed out to ascertain the cause of an unusual murmur- 
ing noise : in a moment after he returned, uttering, in a low 
whisper, " los demonios estan aqui" (" the devils are 
here,") an appellation then invariably given to the French. 
The two guides immediately dropped on their knees ; but there 
was no time for prayers life and liberty were at stake. Lieu- 
tenant Thruston seized one with each hand, and contrived to 
drag them to the door, where the mules had fortunately re- 
mained quiet. Scarcely had they mounted, and struck off in 
a direction at right angles from the high road, when the 
heavy march of men and horses was distinctly heard, though 
nothing could be seen. The mules were goaded on, over 
rocks and foaming torrents, till it was ascertained that pur- 
suit, if any had taken place, was given up. The troops from 
which they thus narrowly escaped, had been sent by Marshal 
Ney to destroy Corcubion. Had not Lieutenant Thruston 
been compelled by the severity of the weather to turn into 
the hovel, he would have trotted, with his guides, into the 
very head ranks of the enemy ; and, as no quarter was then 
given on either side, this tale would never have been told. 
But the adventures of the night were not yet over. The trio 
wandered for some time in total darkness, ignorant of the di- 
rection they were taking, and only endeavouring to avoid the 
road they had quitted. About 2 A. M. they arrived at the 
outskirts of a village, from which proceeded a great noise 



COMMANDERS. 49 

amidst the discharge of fire-arms. One of the guides imme- 
diately dismounted, and crept on his hands and knees to dis- 
cover the cause. He returned in a few minutes, and his report 
induced Lieutenant Thruston to dash at once into the thick 
of the fray. Round the house of the cure of the village, a 
throng of men had assembled, armed in every way according 
to their abilities, endeavouring to force their way in, and 
preventing one another by the general pressure. The 
guides vociferated " un oficial Ingles" and the crowd 
instantly gave way. Lieutenant Thruston then rushed up 
stairs, and with some difficulty, forced his way into a room, 
where a scene of the most extraordinary nature presented it- 
self : a table was spread, with the remains of a supper on 
it, round which, but a few minutes before, a French courier 
and his escort, consisting of six dragoons, had seated them- 
selves, having arrived about an hour previously, and taken up 
their quarters at the cure"s house, at the same time command- 
ing refreshments, &c. for the night. Unfortunately for them, 
the village was one in which the insurrectionary spirit against 
the invaders of Spain was most conspicuous, and a consider- 
able part of the population had arms in their possession : the 
news of the enemy's arrival spread like wildfire, and in a 
very short time the house was completely besieged by a 
party, confident at least in their numbers. Upon the outer 
door being forced, the headmost men were shoved on by the 
crowd behind ; and thus, whether they liked it or not, they 
found themselves opposed face to face with the dragoons. 
The latter had scarcely time to discharge their pistols before 
they were fairly overwhelmed ; and it was at this critical mo- 
ment that Lieutenant Thruston entered. The French were most 
of them lying prostrate, disfigured, and bleeding from wounds 
of various descriptions ; the sub-officer, or leader, was on his 
knees before an athletic Spaniard, who was flourishing his 
sword most theatrically, not yet having made up his mind to 
give him the coup de grace. At the sight of the British uni- 
form, the poor fellow made a spring towards its wearer, ex- 
claiming, " Sauvez ma vie, pour V amour de Dieu! sauvez ma 
vie, monsieur /" A respite of a few minutes was thus obtained, 
VOL. iv. PART r. E 



50 COMMANDERS. 

during which Lieutenant Thruston succeeded in prevailing on 
the patriots to spare the lives of their foes, and give them up 
to him as prisoners. Those that were able to move he imme- 
diately marched off towards the coast ; but as they never ar- 
rived on board the Endymion, their ultimate fate is doubtful. 
After resting an hour, Lieutenant Thruston set out in quest 
of Marechal Lapido, and found him with only a few men, the 
rest of his force having dispersed amongst the neighbouring 
valleys. By daylight, however, many had come in, and more 
were flocking to head-quarters. All parties concurred in the 
measure of gaining the high road in the rear of the French 
troops, with a view of cutting off their retreat by the same 
route to Santiago 

And " By dint of hard marching," says Captain Hall, " Lieutenant Thrus- 
ton managed to bring the insurgent forces to the top of the high ground 
which overlooks Corcubion, about the time when the enemy, fatigued with 
burning, murdering, and plundering, were drawing off from the town. 
When the French reached the foot of the hill, from the top of which the 
Spaniards were contemplating the destruction of their homes, the infantry 
very coolly sat down on the grass to rest from their labours, and the ca- 
valry dismounted quite at their ease, as if in perfect security, though it 
was clear they must have seten the ridge of the hill covered with armed 
patriots. 

" Now was the moment, thought Mr. Thruston, to make a rush down 
upon the wearied invaders, for the position gave the Spaniards every pos- 
sible advantage over them ; and if the former had possessed any degree of 
firmness or good discipline, their enemies, who were not one quarter so 
numerous, might certainly have been overthrown, and, possibly, taken pri- 
soners. The zealous Lapido thought so too ; and, being heartily seconded 
by Camario, the patriots were ordered to advance to the attack, but not to 
waste their fire till they came quite close to the enemy, and, indeed, 
rather to trust to the effect of the rush down hill, and to the vigour of 
their arms in the use of the bayonet, than to the fire of their musketry. 

"There was a great cheering of viva! viva! upon these orders being 
given, and the Spaniards moved on to the charge in a style worthy of the 
days of their own Cid Campeador. But this lasted only till they came 
within about a couple of gun-shots of the French troops, upon which, in spite 
of all that the officers could do, they halted, and commenced a brisk fire 
directed towards the enemy, who took no more notice of the circumstance 
than a great mastiff does of the harmless yelping of a dozen puppy dogs, 
ready to turn tail the instant they see their antagonist prick up his ears. 

" I am sorry to say, this humiliating figure too well describes the pro- 



COMMANDERS. 51 

ceedings of our patriotic allies. It was soon observable that more than 
half their number had gone off to the rear, under the pretence of their 
ammunition being expended, while those who remained merely loaded and 
fired off their pieces in the direction of the distant enemy, to the great 
waste of powder and ball, but without working the smallest mischief on 
their foes. The manner in which they made their own personal assurance 
doubly sure in this matter, was described as being ludicrous enough. They 
first ran to the brow of the hill, from whence they got a glimpse of the ene- 
my, sitting at his ease in a field, and then, having fired, ran back again a 
hundred yards to reload in security. 

" This sham fighting lasted for nearly half an hour, when the French, 
who by this time had taken sufficient rest, rose from the ground, buckled 
on their great coats and knapsacks, but without any fuss, or seeming to 
care one straw about the Spaniards, and advanced slowly up the hill, di- 
rectly in the face of their fire *." 

As the main body drew near, some riflemen threw them- 
selves in the front, and, under the protection of every piece 
of uneven ground, kept up a destructive fire on the patriots. 
In vain did Lieutenant Thruston urge a body of men he had 
placed in reserve, to advance, and support the broken line. 
About fifty French dragoons, who had gained the hill by a 
circuitous route, soon made their appearance on the high 
level ground in the rear. Their presence alone decided the 
business ; for in a very few minutes the hill was deserted by 
all except the old Spanish soldiers, not exceeding 100 in 
number. These brave men stood to the last, and drew off in 
good order to some broken ground on the left, thereby 
covering the retreat of Lieutenant Thruston, who succeeded 
in reaching the sea-shore, accompanied by his friends Lapido 
and CamaSo. The fugitives, who followed their motions, 
re-assembled on the beach, about a mile from the scene of 
action, and there met the boats of the Endymion, under the 
command of her first lieutenant. Thus ended the battle of 
Corcubion, which the renowned Junta of that place ever 
afterwards spoke of as a victory. 

After this, the armed peasantry of Gallicia never acted 
together again in any great force, but divided themselves into 



* See Hall's " Fragments of Voyages and Travels," vol. iii, pp. 678. 

E 2 



52 COMMANDERS. 

small parties, attacking only when certain of success. Owing 
to this mode of warfare, the French were at no time masters 
of more ground than they actually covered ; and to distract 
them still more, Captain Capel resolved on an expedition 
against Camarinas, their nearest station of any importance, 
about twenty miles to the northward. Accordingly, a party 
of seamen and marines, with Mr. George V. Oughton, pur- 
ser, as a volunteer, were placed under the command of Lieu- 
tenant Thruston ; and to this detachment were joined about 
400 of his old allies, who, though beaten, were ready to try 
their chance again under his guidance. The Endymion's 
launch, well armed, was at the same time sent alongshore, 
with orders to enter the harbour, make the necessary recon- 
noissance, and co-operate with the party on land. The 
enemy, either learning the superiority of the approaching 
force, or having orders to that effect, retired. The inhabitants 
having been rather conspicuous for their attachment to the 
French cause, the town was taken possession of in a military 
manner ; the chief personages were put under arrest, and the 
vessels in the port immediately boarded ; among them was 
an English West Indiarnan of considerable value, originally 
captured by the Spaniards, and afterwards seized by the 
French. After having completely dismantled two strong 
batteries ; all the British, and part of the patriotic force, were 
embarked on board the prizes, and carried back in safety to 
Corcubion. The Spanish vessels, laden chiefly with salt fish, 
were given up to the Junta j the West Indiaman was sent to 
England for condemnation, 

" Some division now took place in the councils of the redoubtable 
statesmen at Corcubion. There were two parties, one of which had lost 
every thing by the late visit of the French ; the other had still some pro- 
perty to lose, and could count some relatives unmurdered. Those who 
had lost all, were hot for war ; and so in fact were the rest, but with this 
difference ; the ruined party were for beginning again instantly, and with 
most unwonted energy ; the other merely wished to pause a Uttle, ' ma- 
nana ' was their word; ' poco a poco,' Uttle by little. The former, 
however, gained the day in the discussion ; and taking advantage of an 
offer the captain of the Endymion had incautiously, but very naturally, 
made at the moment of their greatest extremity, they claimed the ful- 



COMMANDERS. 53 

filment of his promise, to bring the frigate into the inner harbour, abreast 
of the town. This step, they assured him, must restore confidence to the 
inhabitants, who would then speedily re-assemble ; while an apprehension 
of the ship's broadside might keep the enemy at a distance. 

"The most serious objection to the measure which the Spaniards urged 
upon us, was the extreme danger to which H. M. ship must be exposed 
by entering a narrow harbour, completely commanded by heights, to which 
she could not elevate her guns, but where an enemy, not resisted by mili- 
tary, might take up a position at any moment, and thence, by means of 
artillery, knock her to pieces at their leisure. Added to this, there was a 
powerful battery at the entrance of the harbour, sufficient of itself to stop 
a much larger ship than the Endyrnion. Of course, the Spaniards under- 
took to garrison this fort ; but we had seen too much of the distinction 
which these warriors made between promise and performance, to think of 
relying upon such an engagement, 

" Nevertheless, as there would have been some indelicacy in making 
difficulties dependent upon our own chance of danger, and as it appeared 
to be of some consequence to shew how truly the English were in earnest 
in the common cause, it was determined to run the hazard of bringing the 
ship into harbour. On the 1/th of April, accordingly, we sailed in, and 
moored close off the town. On that very day, the wind chopped round to 
the southward^ and in the evening it blew very hard so much so, that had 
we been then assailed by a skilful enemy, possessed of the heights, and 
furnished with guns, and troops enough to prevent our landing, we must 
either have been sunk at our anchors, or have surrendered at discretion, 
after the greater number of the crew had been killed. To have beat out 
against such a breeze would have been impossible. * * * " 

" Now that we had brought our ship within range of the enemy's shot, 
it became of consequence to establish for ourselves something like a 
proper system on shore ; and for this purpose, Lieutenant Thruston, who 
enjoyed as much of the confidence of the Spaniards as any foreigner can 
ever hope to gain, and who had by this time become personally acquainted 
with the useful men amongst them, endeavoured to rally their forces, and 
once more to muster them in strength. I ought to have mentioned, that 
before entering the harbour, we took the liberty of disarming the battery 
at the entrance, by pitching its guns into the sea a proceeding to which 
the Spaniards reluctantly consented. * * * * 

" On the morning of the 15th, just as the day broke, the first scene of 
the recent tragedy was acted over again the whole harbour was once 
more covered with boats, crowded with the inhabitants flying from the 
town, while all the roads were choked with, fugitives as before. No 
enemy being in sight, we felt disposed to ascribe this to some panic ; but, 
on sending a boat to enquire, we learned that a peasant had arrived with 
news of a large French force being again near the town, accompanied by 
a train of heavy cannon. This sounded disagreeably enough; but still 



54 COMMANDERS. 

no troops could be seen from the ship j and the inference was, that the 
French were making a sweep round the hill, in order to gain the heights 
lying between her and the harbour's mouth, from which their guns might 
command the passage, and cut off all retreat." 

Shortly after, " a cannon shot, fired from the shore, whistled over the 
heads of the officers, and passing between the masts, fell beyond the ship. 
Before the glasses could be turned to the spot from whence it came, ano- 
ther well-directed gun was fired ; but, fortunately for us, not from the 
heights. In the next minute, the whole ridge was bristling and alive with 
French infantry, marching, at double-quick time, to gain the cliffs over- 
hanging the narrowest part of the harbour, from which position they 
might have fired on the ship's decks with their musketry as she passed. 
A similar body of men were proceeding with equal celerity along the op- 
posite, or eastern side of the harbour, accompanied by artillery, which 
were galloping furiously forward, some to gain the dismantled battery at 
the entrance, and others to perch themselves on the most commanding 
cliffs and other points, least within range of the ship's guns. 

" All the enemy's measures, up to a certain period, had been so well 
taken, that, but for their impatience, it is hard to say how the frigate es- 
caped capture, or entire destruction. Had they only kept out of sight, 
and refrained from firing at all till their heavy guns were brought round 
to the proper situations for attacking us ; and if the infantry had been kept 
behind the ridge till the ship, in leaving the harbour, approached close to 
the shore, they might have nabbed us. * * * But it seemed as if the 
officer in command of that detachment of guns, sent to the eastern side of 
the harbour, could not resist the temptation of a shot, when he first came 
in sight of the Endyinion, which ship, as we afterwards learned from a 
prisoner, they already considered their prize. * * * * Whatever 
was the cause, however, whether it were bad generalship, which is not 
likely, or merely impatience on the part of the officer, which is more pro- 
bable, these indiscreetly managed shot, by giving us timely warning, saved 
our good frigate from being pounded to pieces. 

" The gun-boats, stationed off the beach, were soon driven back by the 
fire of several hundred men, also accompanied by field-pieces. The 
French troops then entered the ruined town ; but the unfortunate inhabi- 
tants had already escaped over the hills, or in boats. There was nothing 
left, therefore, for the ship to protect j and, of course, she made sail out 
of the harbour as fast as possible, with an escort of flying artillery on each 
side of her ; followed by two bodies of troops, scrambling and running 
along the rocks, just too late to catch their expected prey. 

"I need scarcely add, that the French now completed those parts of 
the work of destruction left unfinished at their first visit. After this they 
fell back upon Santiago. The unhappy Junta were hunted about the 
country like wild beasts, by the enemy's cavalry ; and a high price being 
put on their heads, they were at length glad to seek refuge on board the 



COMMANDERS. 55 

Endymion. About thirty persons in all, including wives, children, and at- 
tendants, availed themselves of our protection. We built them up a 
large cabin on the main-deck, made the party as comfortable as we could, 
and, at their own request, landed them at Vigo some days afterwards; for 
they deemed it most prudent to keep at a distance from home for a 
time*." 

Here terminated the operations of the Endymion on the 
coast of Spain. In June following we find her proceeding to 
Madeira. 

Lieutenant Thruston was subsequently ordered out to the 
Cape of Good Hope, on the admiralty list for promotion ; 
and sailed for that station in the Scipion 74, flag-ship of 
Rear-Admiral the Hon. Robert Stopford ; with whom he also 
proceeded to Java, in 1811. On their arrival at Batavia, he 
was selected to land and keep up a communication between 
the naval and military head-quarters, a service highly 
pleasing, as it gave full leisure for observing the operations 
of a campaign, unshackled by any fixed duty assigned. The 
following narrative (written by himself) of his subsequent 
proceedings in the Hesper sloop, will, we are sure, be pe- 
rused with lively interest. 

"In the autumn of 1811, the combined British naval and military 
forces, under the respective commands of Rear-Admiral Sir Robert Stop- 
ford and Major-General Sir Samuel Auchmuty, employed on an expedi- 
tion against the island of Java, succeeded in carrying by storm the in- 
trenched camp of General Jansen, in the neighbourhood of Batavia. The 
fortification had been projected and finished by General Daendals, who 
had lavished all the resources of military talent on a situation extremely 
strong by nature; but the Malay troops, though bold, and trained in 
European tactics, were unable to stand against the assault of our veteran 
regiments, assisted by the Indian troops, who emulated their companions 
in arms ; and after a severe and bloody attack, their entrenchments were 
successively carried, and their remaining detached corps were in a few 
days either destroyed or forced to capitulate. This affair decided the fate 
of the Dutch empire in the east, as in the capitulation were included their 
various settlements in the Indian seas. The course of operations had car- 
ried the admiral to the port of Surabaya, the most eastern establishment 
on the island, and there, when the arrangements were finally closed, I re- 
ceived the command of the Hesper, sloop of war. The climate and hard 



* See Hall's Fragments, &c. Vol. III. pp. 101121. 



56 COMMANDERS. 

service at the batteries, during this arduous campaign, hud not spared the 
crew of this vessel more than those of the other ships of the squadron ; 
and out of a complement of 120 men, there remained only eighty or 
ninety^ fifty of whom were at this time in the hospital, or on the sick list, 
on hoard. 

" Shortly after the departure of the admiral from the island, a report 
was brought from Europe by a vessel just arrived, that a squadron of 
French frigates had left Brest, bound, as was supposed, for the relief of 
Java. The British naval officer left in command, immediately made the 
necessary arrangements for their reception, in the event of their finding 
their way into these seas ; and I received orders to proceed with H. M. 
sloop under my command, to the Straits of Bali, to watch well their southern 
entrance. I received on board some few convalescents from the hospital, and 
immediately repaired to Balambuan, in the Straits above mentioned. While 
at anchor there, I had the misfortune to lose the only experienced officer on 
board, who sank under the effect of the marshes of Data via; his loss was 
great, and, to me, irreparable. While taking in our water at this anchorage, 
the westerly monsoon had set in with its usual violence, and though per- 
fectly secure where we lay, the offing held out no very agreeable prospects ; 
and the extreme severity of the weather, accompanied with torrents of 
rain, of which scarcely an idea can be formed in a northern temperate 
latitude, made me sometimes hesitate on the propriety of proceeding to 
sea. But the system of naval discipline is founded on the same principle 
as that of the ancient Roman armies ; and with us, as with them, the 
highest virtue is obedience without calculation. I determined to run all 
risk, and having completed the supply of water, stood to sea early one 
morning in the beginning of December, with the intention of returning to 
the anchorage in the evening, if I should find upon trial that the severity 
of the weather, or strength of currents outside, should render it necessary. 
In half an hour from the time of our quitting the Straits, an extremely 
heavy squall came on, which entirely hid the land from my view. I stood 
on for a few hours and then tacked, in the expectation of reaching the 
anchorage in the Straits before dark. The weather during the whole day 
had been so extremely thick, that we were never once enabled to see more 
that half a mile distant. About four o'clock p. M. I calculated that 
we were at the mouth of the Straits. The weather, as we approached 
in shore, became more moderate, and the land was discovered at 
no very great distance. I stood in with full confidence, when to 
our no little astonishment, the face and form of the Straits had entirely 
changed their character, and we soon discovered that it was in vain to search 
for our old friendly anchorage here ; in short, I now comprehended, that 
the easterly current, for which it was impossible to calculate, during the 
thick weather of the day, had driven us in spite of every endeavour to 
keep to windward, into the Straits of Lombo, which are formed by the 
island of Bali, and that of Lombo. I endeavoured to gain the offing, as 



COMMANDERS. 57 

the only rough manuscript chart in my possession represented these Straits 
as extremely dangerous, from the extraordinary currents there prevailing. 
But it was too late to recede; the wind had almost at once fallen to a dead 
calm, and I found myself irresistibly drawn into this gulf, with a rapidity 
the most alarming. The vessel was now perfectly ungovernable, from the 
total stagnation of wind j and it is scarcely possible to describe the very 
extraordinary appearance and effects of the currents, which now acted 
upon us with the most capricious fury. At one moment, all was calm and 
smooth as a mirror, not a ripple to be seen or heard : in an instant 
after a mountainous wave rose at a short distance, and directed its 
course to the vessel, boiling and roaring with a noise and velocity 
the most appalling. It then broke over the ship on both sides, car- 
rying on its course with the same wild appearance for a hundred 
fathoms more, when, suddenly, the surge ceased, and all was still again ; 
but only for a moment. During the whole of this awful scene, the 
Hesper was turned round and round in the most alarming manner, ap- 
pearing but as a plaything in the hands of the genii of this whirlpool. At 
one moment we found ourselves close to the breakers, which border the 
shore of the Straits, upon which we were driving with a rapidity that 
seemed scarcely to leave time to prepare for the catastrophe before us; and 
then, at the very moment when we had lost the hope of deliverance, a 
counter current caught us with the same violence, and hurried us over to 
the opposite shore, where a similar counteraction again preserved us. The 
chart before me was not particularly calculated to cheer us, as the Dutch 
navigators had marked a small island at the entrance of the Straits 
" Banditti island," another, " Murderer's Point," " Assassin's Bay," &c. 
I now observed with attention and satisfaction the progress of the vessel in 
this dreadful vortex, and found that, independently of the counter currents, 
the direction of the whole movement was to the northward, through the 
Straits, with such a velocity, that at the expiration of two hours we had 
opened the northern entrance ; in the course of the same night we gained 
the entrance of the Java sea without any accident, and next morning 
again entered the Bali Straits by a northern passage. The weather 
was now for a day or two tolerably settled, so that notwithstanding 
the experience I had gained in my first attempt to remain at sea, I was in- 
duced to make a second experiment. Acordingly we started again by the 
same route. The morning was fine, and the easterly current outside did 
not appear too rapid to prevent us holding' our ground ; but towards the 
afternoon it grew black to the S.W., and in a short time a gale of wind 
came on with great fury. It blew a perfect hurricane all the night, and in 
the morning, when we stood in for the land, I discovered by observations 
of chronometer, that we were now opposite the coast of Sumbaya. The 
strength of the currents of course vary with the violence of the wind, and 
as it still continued to blow with unabated fury, I considered any attempt 
to return to our cruising ground as perfectly hopeless and impracticable, 



58 COMMANDERS. 

until the termination of the monsoon, unless I had chosen to cross the 
equinoctial line, and thus profiting by the contrary monsoon which blew 
to the northward of the equator, be enabled to return to Java ; but the 
short stock of provisions, and tlie wearied and sickly state of my crew, 
rendered it absolutely necessary that we should quickly find some sheltering 
port. I cast tny eyes over the chart, and saw no place where we could ex- 
pect to find refreshment nearer than Timor ; and although I had no local 
knowledge of the state of that settlement, I concluded it, from the ap- 
pearance of the chart, to be of some importance, and hoped that possibly 
before this time the British Government might have sent a garrison to take 
possession of it. I decided, therefore, to make the best of my way to that 
place, and ran down before the wind, running a great risk from the coral 
reefs, which extend to a considerable distance from Sandal Wood island, 
and which were not laid down in the chart. I found myself tlie next 
day in the open sea, between the above mentioned island and Timor. 
The weather was now occasionally clear, though still blowing with undirni- 
nished violence ; but I was fortunately able to determine with tolerable 
precision, the latitude by double altitudes, which was of the utmost con- 
sequence, as my intention was, to enter the Straits which are formed by 
the two small islands lying to the westward of Timor. At eight o'clock in 
the evening, we were, by calculation, exactly in the latitude of the Straits, 
at the supposed distance of about fifty miles. I therefore ordered 
the ship to be hove-to for the. night, and not to attempt a nearer 
approach until the next morning ; but these orders were so unskilfully 
executed by the officer of the watch, that, a tremendous squall un- 
luckily coming on at this time, the fore-yard was carried uway, and 
to clear the wreck, it was absolutely necessary (at whatever hazard) to 
put before the wind, although at the imminent risk of approaching 
the lee shore during the night. I steered then due east for the 
Straits, and was obliged to remain running for a considerable time, until 
the wreck was cleared, when we were enabled to heave to. I knew that 
by this time we must be within twenty miles of the land, and my anxiety 
was extreme. I remained on deck all night, during which the weather 
was excessively bad, and the ship drifting fast to the eastward. The day 
had not yet broken, when the alarm was given ' breakers on the lee 
bow ;' the vessel was instantly wore round, and scarcely had she gone on 
the other tack, when again " land a head;" and the surf was seen break- 
ing over the rocks with tremendous fury. I could now only hope that we 
were in the Straits; but our preservation depended on various circum- 
stances, upon the correctness of the latitude of the Straits, as marked 
down in the chart; on the precision of my observations the preceding day; 
and on the exactitude of our course during the night. It was a fearful 
moment, if in the Straits I knew we were safe ; but if a quarter 
of a mile to the northward or southward, nothing could possibly save us 
from destruction. Tiie day was not yet clear ; we wore round frequently 



COMMANDERS. 59 

to avoid the tremendous breakers on either side ; the Straits were not half 
a mile in breadth ; a perfect silence prevailed onboard; every individual 
seemed absorbed in the contemplation of the imminent danger which sur- 
rounded them; and the rapid execution of every successive order, shewed 
the superiority of British seamen over every other in the hour of danger. 
I had sent men aloft to report if any opening could be observed between 
the land to leeward ; when at once on the dispersion of a dark and heavy 
squall, which kept back the day, several voices exclaimed, " We are in the 
Straits, Sir," and the opening appeared every moment more manifest. We 
had stood the cast of life or death, and the throw was successful, I now 
steered confidently into the Straits, and we were soon in that part of them 
formed by the northernmost of the two islands I have spoken of, and Timor. 
Here we were perfectly sheltered from the fury of the monsoon, but our 
difficulties were not all over. Our chart, owing to the illiberal conduct of 
the Dutch government, whose invariable practice was to preclude strangers 
from all knowledge whatever of their seas, contained no details, and I 
knew not in what part to look for an anchorage. Our sounding-lead could 
never reach the bottom with forty fathoms, and the day was em- 
ployed in a vain search. I was in hopes, by the intervention of some 
canoe, to have opened a communication with the shore, and to have gained 
this so necessary information ; but neither men nor habitation presented 
themselves in this quarter. I continued in the Straits all night, and in the 
morning sailed out to explore the northern coast of Timor. The weather 
had somewhat moderated when I quitted the shelter of the Straits. The 
land of Timor formed, I found, a deep bay to the northward, at the 
bottom of which, I suspected the settlement I was in search of existed. I 
stood in for a considerable time, but no signs of habitation appearing, 1 
began almost to despair of finding the object of my search here ; when, as 
I looked through my glass for the last time, I imagined I perceived a red 
habitation peeping from among the trees. I now stood in farther, 
and rounding a precipitous point, my doubts were changed to certitude. 
The picturesque town of Coupang presented itself, protected by the 
battery of Vittoria, which stood high on a cliff to the westward. Our 
colours were now hoisted, a signal gun was fired, and I expected to 
see the British flag hoisted on the fort ; but you may judge of my embarrass- 
ment when I observed the Dutch flag wave. What measure was to be 
taken ? I immediately despatched an officer with a flag of truce a-shore, 
bearing a letter to the governor, in which I informed him of the reduction 
of the Dutch settlements in Java by the English, and demanded the sur- 
render of the colony, and his immediate attendance on board. The officer 
returned with the answer of the governor, that he could not comprehend 
the affair; that he had had no communication with Java for nearly two 
years, and begged me to come on shore to explain. I did not hesitate, 
with- the white flag in my hand j I was received on the beach with military 
honours, the battery was manned, and the troops and militia drawn up. 



60 COMMANDERS. 

I proceeded to the government-house, and commenced the conversation 
l>y a recapitulation of the late events at Java, &c. and demanded again the 
immediate surrender of the settlement. He required to see my authority, 
and the written orders usually given on such occasions. I was obliged to 
be frank with him, and represented the truth; that accidental cir- 
cumstances had brought me to Timor, where I expected to have found a 
British garrison, but that not being the case, it became my duty as a British 
officer, to haul down an enemy's flag wherever I might find it ; adding, 
that if he did not think proper to surrender the island on the ground of 
its having been included in the capitulation by General Jansen, I now 
summoned him in my own name to surrender to me, as an enemy of su- 
perior force, stating, that I had on board 300 men, who waited only for 
my return, to come a-shore and commence an immediate attack. I warned 
him also that the blood which might be shed in this contest must rest on 
his head. He was considerably agitated, and undecided what part to take. 
To compel him to decision I drew out my watch, ' Sir, I give you ten 
minutes for deliberation; if, at the expiration of that time, you are not 
decided, / am, and shall return on board, and you must abide the conse- 
quences of a bombardment.' His inquietude increased ; I saw that he 
was inclined to obey the summons, but the fear of committing himself 
would not allow him to act. I whispered to my Dutch interpreter to pro- 
ceed to the fort, which was in sight from the portico of the government- 
house, where the conversation was held, and to endeavour, by feigning him. 
self to be the bearer of orders to that effect, to haul down the flag. He 
executed his commission so well, that before ten minutes were expired, 
and while the governor was still hesitating, the flag of Holland was lowered, 
and the British ensign waved in its stead. It was now too late for him to re- 
tract; I thanked him for \\ispromptitude, and immediately established 
him in due form, as vice-governor provisionally, till the ulterior orders of 
the British government were received ; and I then promised him, that, 
provided he would answer for the fidelity of the colonists, I would not 
run the risk of disturbing the harmony which I hoped would reign in the 
settlement, by landing a single Englishman, excepting my own boat's crew, 
as a body-guard to myself. He acquiesced entirely in my views, and you 
will easily conceive what were really the motives of my apparent delicacy ; 
viz. the almost total impossibility of garrisoning the fort, not having more 
than thirty or forty efficient men, who were scarcely sufficient for the or- 
dinary duty of the ship. Our measures were now all amicably arranged. 
I received and returned the official visits of the chief personages of Cou- 
pang. Fresh provisions, &c. were sent off to us in abundance, and I pro- 
cured a pilot to place the ship in a secure anchorage, which I was glad to 
find was at a considerable distance from the place, as by that means, I 
should have less difficulty in preventing communication, and letting the 
real state of the case and of our small force be known, till my authority 
was securely established : my grand aim was to secure it by conciliation. 



COMMANDERS. 61 

With the governor himself I had no difficulty, for the more we lived to- 
gether, the more reason he had to he convinced that he was not deceived 
as to what had taken place at Java; but I soon found the case was far dif- 
ferent with those who had not the same opportunities of investigation. 
The public mind was in a state of great ferment ; weeks had now elapsed 
since my arrf val, and no vessel had appeared from any quarter bearing the 
confirmation of the capture of Java, and the overthrow of their empire 
in these seas, which were looked upon as equally chimerical as the destruc- 
tion of one of the great powers of Europe. I had a Malay slave who 
was much attached to me ; this man brought me frequently reports of 
what passed in the companies at Coupang. They had already more than 
suspected the distressed and sickly state of our force, and exclaimed loudly 
against the pusillanimity of the governor, in lending a credulous ear to the 
improbable story I had told him ; my trusty servant also told me of a re- 
port that was prevalent, that a conspiracy was entered into by the governor, 
the principal inhabitants, and the four native rajahs in the vicinity ; who, 
on a pre-concerted signal, were to join their forces, make myself 
prisoner, and re-hoist the Dutch flag. I was the more inclined to 
give credit to this story, as my house had been nightly beset by par- 
ties of the natives and slaves, who had repeatedly disturbed me by 
their war cries ; but the activity and alertness of my guard prevented any 
thing unpleasant happening. It now appeared to me that matters were 
drawing to a crisis, and that some decided measure must be taken imme- 
diately; accordingly, I went on board my ship next morning without 
making my intention known, and ordered the commanding officer to 
bring her as close to the town as the depth of water would permit, 
and to have all clear for action. I next proceeded with my boat's 
crew, properly armed, with the intention of making myself master of the 
person of the governor, as a hostage and security for the good conduct of 
the citizens. I chose mid-day as the season for the enterprise, as in the 
tropics it is the season of tranquillity and repose. I entered the inner 
harbour, which led to the very door of the governor's house : no alarm 
was given ; not a soul was stirring : I entered the inner apartment with 
my trusty crew, who planted themselves at the door : the governor soon 
appeared, alarmed and agitated. I explained to him the report which had 
reached my ears, of a conspiracy against us, and that he was supposed to 
be implicated. He was excessively distressed, called on every thing sacred 
to witness his perfect innocence, but admitted, that for several days past he 
had not been perfectly satisfied with the behaviour of some individuals, 
who had made very improper proposals to him. In reply, I stated to 
him my extreme dissatisfaction at the want of confidence of the colonists, 
who appeared to have mistaken my hitherto mild manner of treating them, 
for a want of force and authority. It was now necessary to undeceive 
them. At this moment a gun was fired from the Hesper, which was the 
signaj to me that she ha(J taken her allotted station, a-breast of the town. 



()2 COMMANDERS. 

I directed a call of the principal inhabitants immediately, and they were 
told to prepare themselves to take the oath of allegiance the following 
morning in the castle yard. In the mean time the governor was to remain 
a prisoner in his own house ; and it was understood, that his person was 
responsible for any outrage or tumult that might take place. This sudden 
call and declaration, and the appearance of the Hesper's broadside within 
three hundred yards of the beach, checked at once the rising seeds of dis- 
affection. They renewed to me their promises of fidelity and attachment, 
and professed themselves perfectly ready to take the oath of allegiance to 
His Britannic Majesty. The night passed without any thing extraordinary. 
In the mean time, I had thrown into the battery every disposable man from 
the ship, leaving the convalescents and boys to do their best in keeping a 
constant fire on the town, in cage it should be necessary. Asiatic indo- 
lence was astonished and alarmed at the promptitude and decision of our 
measures ; they felt and acknowledged their inferiority. At nine the fol- 
lowing morning, the procession moved from the governor's house towards 
the fort. I could scarcely keep my gravity at the spectacle ; the governor, 
secretary, and suite, had ransacked their wardrobes to make up gala 
dresses, and never were seen such originals ; however, the solemnity was 
well preserved, and we entered the castle yard under a military salute 
from the Dutch troops and a detachment of British seamen; the 
four native princes also attended the ceremony at the head of their res- 
pective councils. The Malay troops were in line, and the principal inhabi- 
tants assembled around me; the governor advanced in the middle, and 
read aloud the oath of allegiance, which was answered by all present, 
amidst a salute of twenty-one guns, fired by our detachment. All seemed 
to pass off well, when an unlucky peal of thunder seemed to awaken the 
superstitious feelings of my demi-civilized friends. I determined to anti- 
cipate the evil augury, and my interpreter exclaimed, that heaven likewise 
joined in the solemnity we were celebrating. It was answered by </ viva, 
and we assembled in the evening to a ball and supper, prepared under ihe 
portico of the government-house, adorned by some fine old banyan trees, 
which had stood there for ages, and whose successive branches having taken 
root, formed a most singular and picturesque shelter from the heats of the 
day or dews of night. Universal harmony prevailed : Keisan, the chief of 
the princes, paid his devotions most earnestly to the brandy bottle, which 
was placed near him ; his attachment to his new master increased at every 
glass ; he embraced me again and again, and swore to follow me through 
the world. All present seemed to feel more or less the effects of their 
libations. I gave the signal to rise, and at the same instant, an officer 
whom I had stationed with some fire-works, discharged the rockets. From 
that moment I felt myself perfectly secure of the fidelity of my new 
subjects. With few exceptions, almost all, Creoles and natives, fell with 
their faces on the ground, and several moments elapsed before their con- 
sternation had passed away. Nothing of any moment occurred after this 



COMMANDERS. 63 

affair, until my departure. The monsoon had begun to relax, and towards 
the month of March, light and variable breezes announced the return of 
the fine season. I now took leave of my new friends in a state of perfect 
tranquillity and submission to the British government; as in the interim, 
a Chinese junk had touched at the island, and confirmed the news of the 
downfall of their eastern empire. We returned to Java without accident or 
difficulty, and were hailed with satisfaction and joy by the rest of the 
squadron, who had long given us up for lost. 

(Signed) " C. T. THRCSTOX." 

Commander Thrust em's appointment to the Hesper was 
confirmed at home on the 7th Feb. 1812. On the conclusion 
of the above service, which affected his constitution deeply, 
he was ordered to Madras, where, immediately on his arrival, 
a violent inflammation of the liver displayed itself, which in 
a few hours brought him to death's door. The medical 
men insisting that an immediate change of climate offered 
the only chance of saving his life, Captain William Jones 
Lye, of the Doris frigate, then about to sail for England, 
kindly consented to receive him on board, though already 
encumbered with a crowd of other passengers. He returned 
home in Nov. 1812, and, for a year or two afterwards, sought 
that repose which his shattered health required. When 
again enabled to offer himself for service, the war had ceased ; 
and he, with some hundreds of other officers in a similar 
situation, found it impossible to obtain further employment. 
Since then, with the interval of two or three years spent on 
the continent, his time has been chiefly passed in North 
Wales, endeavouring by magisterial and other civil duties, 
to keep down the longing for a life of greater activity and 
enterprise, but which he has little hope of prosecuting again, 
as the greater part of the powerful friends of his youth arc 
no more. 

Commander Thruston married, 1st, in 1815, the sole sur- 
viving child and heiress of Lewis Edwards, of Talgarth, 
Merionethshire, Esq. ; in right of which lady he became 
possessed of considerable landed property in that county. 
2dly, in 1829, Eliza, second daughter of Admiral Sotheby. 
By the former marriage, he has four children now living ; 



(54 COMMANDERS. 

their mother's sister was the wife of the Hon. Thomas Park- 
er, brother to Lord Macclesfield. 



WILLIAM HOLMAN, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in Sept. 1799; and commanded a 
boat belonging to the Regulus 44, Captain (now Sir George) 
Eyre, at the capture of an armed schooner and several mer- 
chant vessels, in Aguada Bay, Porto-Rico, July llth, 1798. 
In 181 1, he acted for some time as captain of the Hibernia 
120, off Toulon. His commission as commander bears date 
Feb. 20th, 1812. 



THOMAS METHVEN, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant early in 1798, and prompted to 
his present rank on the 21st Feb. 1812; previous to which 
he had served in the Invincible 74, Captain (now Vice-Ad- 
miral) Ross Donnelly ; and as first of the Resistance frigate, 
Captain Philip L. G. Rosenhagen, on the Mediterranean sta- 
tion. He married, in 1829, Janet Grant, youngest daughter 
of the late David Hunter, of Blackness, Esq. 



ROBERT GILES, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant on the 29th April, 1 799 ; and 
promoted to the command of the Scorpion sloop, on the 
Leeward Islands station, Mar. 12th, 1812. He died Feb. 
6th, 1824, in his 49th year. 






COMMANDERS. . 65 

JOHN FORBES, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in Dec. 1800; presented with the 
Turkish gold medal, at the close of the Egyptian campaign, 
in 1801 ; wounded while serving under Sir John T. Duck- 
worth, in the Royal George, first-rate, during the expedition 
against Constantinople, in 1807; appointed to the Antelope 
50, flag-ship of Admiral John Holloway, in the summer of 
1810; and advanced to his present rank on the 1 7th Mar. 
1812. He subsequently commanded the Erebus sloop, on 
the North Sea station. 



CHARLES FARWELL, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant on the 30th April, 1807 ; pro- 
moted to the rank of commander, Mar. 17th, 1812; appoint- 
ed to the Alert sloop, Feb. llth, 1819; and granted the out- 
pension of Greenwich Hospital, June 7th, 1830. 



THOMAS GALLWEY, ESQ. 

OBTAINED a lieutenant's commission in Sept. 1807 5 served 
as such under Captain (now Sir Philip) Broke, in the Shan- 
non frigate ; and was advanced to his present rank, Mar. 
17th, 1812. Since the peace he has been employed in the 
Preventive and Coast- Guard services. 



JOHN JEKYLL, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant towards the close of 1796; and 
commander on the 21st Mar. 1812. Previous to this latter 
promotion, he had displayed much ingenuity in contriving 
the common hand-pump to serve as a fire-engine on board 
ships ; and some years afterwards, obtained a patent for 
certain improvements in steam or vapour baths, to render 
the same more portable and convenient than those then in 

VOL. IV. PART I. P 



66 COMMANDERS. 

common use. In Dec. 1823, he presented the Bath and 
West of England Agricultural Society, with an excellent 
break for shoeing oxen, which had been in use for some years, 
and was placed in the cattle yard of the society. He at the 
same time exhibited a portable vapour bath, which had been 
highly approved of by H. R. H. the Duke of York, also by 
several of the most intelligent and respectable medical men 
of the army and navy, and is now used in some of the metro- 
politan hospitals. He likewise displayed a model of a mail- 
coach, to prevent the pressure of the vehicle against the 
horses, in descending hills. If, as has been said, steam is a 
powerful and successful agent in the yellow fever of the 
West Indies, the typhus fever, and the cholera morbus of 
India, Commander Jekyll's vapour bath must be of great 
importance to both services. 



JOSHUA TREACY, ESQ. 

OBTAINED the rank of lieutenant in Dec. 1797 5 and served 
for many years under the late Admiral Sir Charles Cotton. 
On that officer striking his flag in 1807, Mr. Treacy accepted 
an offer of Sir John Borlase Warren, and proceeded with 
him to Halifax, as first of his flag-ship, the Swiftsure 74. 
When Sir Charles Cotton assumed the command on the Lis- 
bon station, after the emigration of the House of Braganza, 
he again applied for his old follower ; who accordingly has- 
tened to join the Hibernia 110, from which ship he was 
removed, with the admiral's retinue, into the Sail Josef ] 12, 
on the Mediterranean station, in 1810. Lieutenant Treacy 
was made a commander on the 21st Mar. 1812. 



RICHARD ALCOCK, ESQ. 

SON of the late Robert Alcock, of Desmana, co. Waterford, 
Ireland, Esq., and grandson of John Alcock, Dean of Lis- 
more, in the same county. His uncle, Alexander Alcock, 
was Dean of Kilmackdoagh, co. Galway ; and his father's 



COMMANDERS. 



67 

youngest brother, John Trevor Alcock, died Lieutenant- 
Colonel of the 47th regiment, in the West Indies, anno 1796. 

The Alcock family is one of the oldest in county Water- 
ford, and long held the representation of it and Wex- 
ford. They trace their descent in a direct line from John 
Alcock, Dean of Westminster, afterwards Bishop of Win- 
chester, and subsequently of Ely ; founder of Jesus College, 
Cambridge, and of a free school at Kingston-upon-Hull; a 
man high in the esteem of King Henry VII., by whom he 
was successively appointed Lord President of Wales, and 
Lord High Chancellor of England. 

Mr. RICHARD ALCOCK was born at Desmana, Nov. 17th, 
1781 j and appears to have entered the royal navy under the 
auspices of the late Admiral Sir John Colpoys, by whom he 
was placed in the Pompe'e 80, Captain (afterwards Admiral) 
James Vashon, in the summer of 1795. After serving five 
years with that officer, he joined the America 64, bearing the 
flag of his friend Vice- Admiral Sir William Parker, from 
whom he received an order to act as lieutenant of the Lily 
sloop, on the Halifax station, in 1802. His appointment, 
however, was not confirmed until Dec. 7th, 1804 ; after 
which he served under Captain Clotworthy Upton, in the 
Lapwing and Sybille frigates, for a period of five years : the 
latter ship was present at the bombardment of Copenhagen, 
and consequent surrender of the Danish navy, in 1807. 

IM Dec. 1809, Mr. Alcock became first lieutenant of the 
Theseus 74, Captain (now Sir John P.) Beresford, with whom 
he continued, in that ship and the Poictiers of similar force, 
until sent to the Mediterranean, on the Admiralty list for pro- 
motion, in July, 1811. The Theseus was attached to the 
Walcheren expedition; and the Poictiers employed in the 
river Tagus, and blockade of Rochefort and Brest. 

This officer obtained the rank of commander, Mar. 21st, 
1812; and married, July 15th, 1813, Frances Maria, daugh- 
ter and co-heiress of William Philips, of Court Henry, in 
Carmarthenshire, Esq. his Majesty's Attorney- General for 
South Wales (and rtiece to Admiral Sir Thomas Foley) ; by 
whom he left three sons and one daughter to deplore his 

F 2 



68 COMMANDERS. 

death, which took place some time in the year 1827. His 
only brother was then Major of the Waterford militia ; one 
of his first cousins, Major- General Sir John Keane, K. C. B., 
Lieutenant-Governor of Jamaica ; and another, Lieutenant- 
Colonel Edward Keane, commanding officer of the 6th (or 
Enniskilling) regiment of dragoons. In 1805, when the late 
Viscount Melville was impeached " for high crimes and mis- 
demeanors/' the subject of this sketch had five near relations 
in parliament, who all voted in his lordship's favor. Mrs. 
Alcock's mother married (secondly) Henry second Earl 
Bathurst, by whom, however, she had no issue. 



'; : GEORGE TRUSCOTT, ESQ. 

SIXTH and youngest SOH of the late Rear-Admiral William 
Truscott, whose services are detailed in the Naval Chronicle, 
vol. xxx, p. 177 et seq. 

This officer was made a lieutenant on the 28th Feb. 1805 ; 
promoted to his present rank, Mar. 21st, 1812 ; and appointed 
to the command of the Havock sloop, on the North Sea station, 
Dec. 6th, 1813. In 1811, whilst serving as first lieutenant of 
the Dryad frigate, Captain Edward Galwey, he invented the 
" Force Pump" by which fresh water is now obtained from 
the hold without disturbing its stowage. Previous to the in- 
troduction of this machine, the main- deck of a man-of-war, 
in consequence of the practice then resorted to of getting at 
her daily supply, bore a greater resemblance (pending the 
operation) to a wholesale cooperage than a battery, from the 
number of empty casks with which it was unavoidably lum- 
bered. This frequently created the greatest confusion, by 
impeding the performance of important evolutions j such as 
making sail in chase, or clearing ship for action. - 

Commander George Truscott married, Nov. 29th, 1820, 
the only daughter of the late Michael Stritch, of Exeter, Esq. 



COMMANDERS. 69 

FREDERICK WILLIAM ROOKE, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant on the 15th Nov. 1805 ; and pro- 
moted to the rank of commander Mar. 21st, 1812. 



WILLIAM FENDER ROBERTS, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant on the 5th Feb. 1806 j appointed 
to the Ariel sloop, Captain Thomas White, in 1808 ; pro- 
moted to his present rank, Mar. 2lst, 1812; and elected 
Mayor of Penryn, Cornwall, in Sept. 1822. He married, in 
1819, Harriet, second daughter of Captain Rowland, of Pen- 
zance. 



JOHN PRICE, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant on the 31st July, 1/95 ; and served 
as such under Captain (now Sir Graham) Moore, in the Me- 
lampus frigate, at the defeat of Mons. Bompard, by Sir John 
B. Warren, Oct. 12th, 1798. On the following day he as- 
sisted at the capture of la Resolue, French 36, and was thus 
spoken of by his commander : " Asa very heavy gale of wind 
came on immediately after our boarding la Rsolue, the se- 
cond lieutenant, Mr. John Price, with twenty-one men, were 
all that could be thrown on board of her, with the loss of our 
two cutters. That officer deserves very great credit for his 
active exertion in clearing her of the wreck of her masts and 
rigging, and in keeping company in so violent a storm." 

In July, 1804, Lieutenant Price commanded the Archer 
gun-brig, and was highly commended by Captain (now Sir 
Edward) Owen, for his " decisive promptness" in attacking 
the Boulogne flotilla, many vessels of which were driven on 
shore and destroyed in the presence of Napoleon Buona- 
parte *. 

In 1807, we find him commanding the Gladiator receiving- 



* See Vol. II. Part I. p. 127 et seq. 



70 COMMANDERS* 

ship, bearing the flag of Sir Isaac Coffin, at Portsmouth ; in 
1810, he was appointed flag-lieutenant to Sir Roger Curtis, 
the commander-in-chief at that port; and in June, 1811, to 
the acting command of the Zephyr sloop : he obtained the 
rank of commander on the 28th April, 1812 ; and died in Jan. 
1828. 



ARTHUR M'MEEKAN, ESQ. 

WE first find this officer commanding a few borrowed and 
miserably equipped gun-boats, employed in the defence of 
Cadiz, previous to the establishment, by Sir Richard G. Keats, 
of the " fire-eating" flotilla, alluded to in p. 131 of Vol. III. 
Part I. On one occasion, the force under his directions sus- 
tained very considerable loss, in an attempt to regain posses- 
sion of some prison-ships, which, their cables having been cut 
by the Frenchmen confined in them, had drifted on shore, 
close under the besiegers' batteries. He was afterwards ap- 
pointed first lieutenant of the Maidstone frigate, Captain 
George Burdett ; and, on the 4th April, 1812, with the boats 
of that ship, he captured, off Cape de Gatt, the French priva- 
teer Martinet, of two guns and fifty-one men. He obtained 
his present rank on the 7th of the following month ; and 
subsequently commanded . the Griper sloop, for a period of 
nearly two years. 



DANIEL ROBERTS, ESQ. 

WAS made lieutenant into the Phoenix frigate, Captain 
Zachary Mudge, July 12th, 1809; promoted to the rank of 
commander, May 16th, 1812 ; appointed to the Meteor bomb, 
June 23d, 1815 j and to the Hydra troop-ship, Sept. I5th, 
following. 



COMMANDERS. 71 

JOSEPH MARRETT, ESQ. 

OBTAINED a lieutenant's commission in 1799, an d hi P re ~ 
sent rank on the 26th May, 1812. His eldest daughter is 
the wife of Lieutenant Wakeham Edwards, R. N. 



JOHN WEEKS, ESQ. 

WAS born at Worcester, in 1774; and served as midship- 
man on board the Robust, third rate, Captain Rowland Cot- 
ton, during the Spanish and Russian armaments in 1790 and 
1791. He next joined the Hon. E.I. Company's service; 
but left it and re-entered the royal navy, in the Bellona 74, 
Captain George Wilson, soon after the declaration of war be- 
tween Great Britain and the French republic, in 1793. His 
first commission bears date Dec. 14th, 1798. We subse- 
quently find him in the Nerdide frigate and Theseus 74. 

Towards the close of 1809, Lieutenant Weeks was ap- 
pointed to the Growler gun-brig, in which vessel he assisted 
at the destruction of two French frigates and a brig of 18 
guns, near 1'Orient, May 22d, 1812 *. For his good conduct, 
on that occasion he was promoted to the rank of commander, 
May 29th, 1812. His subsequent appointments were, in 
Mar. 1816, to the Ordinary at Sheerness, where he continued 
for a period of three years ; and, June 20th, 1822, to the 
Harlequin sloop, on the Cork station, which vessel he com- 
manded until Nov. 1824. Whilst thus employed, he pre- 
sented to the Admiralty a substitute for a lower-deck port : it 
consists of three pieces of plank cut to the breadth of the ports, 
fitting one above the other, with a deep rabbet ; it has small 
rings in it with laniards, and is fitted in the worst weather 
with ease and expedition. He also presented to the Society 
of Arts a new night telegraph ; but, although it met with a 
favorable reception, the Admiralty declined using it in time 
of peace, as being unnecessary. Commander Weeks died 
hi the year 1824. 

See Vol. I. Part II. p. 618, et seq. 



72 COMMANDERS. 

JOHN BANKS, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant on the 25th Feb. 1806; and 
served as first of the Northumberland 74, Captain (now Sir 
Henry) Kotham, at the destruction of two French fri- 
gates and a national brig, near 1'Orient, May 22d, 1812*; 
for which service he was promoted to his present rank on 
the 29th of the same month. This officer married, Mar. 
10th, 1815, Miss Elizabeth Banks, of Bath. 



JOHN KEENAN, ESQ. 

WAS a midshipman of the Queen 98, bearing the flag of 
Rear-Admiral. (afterwards Lord) Gardner, at the great battle 
of June 1st, 1794; on which occasion that ship sustained a 
loss of 36 officers and men slain, and 67, including her cap- 
tain (John Hutt) mortally wounded. 

In Dec. 1795, Mr. Keenan was promoted to the rank of 
lieutenant; in 1801 , he commanded the Sheerness tender j 
in 1807, we find him serving as first of the Hibernia 1 10, 
bearing the flag of Lord Gardner ; in 1811, he obtained the 
command of the Resolute gun-brig; and on the 29th of 
April, 1812, he displayed great bravery in a desperate attack 
made by Captain (now Sir Thomas) Ussher on several 
French privateers lying under the batteries of Malaga f. For 
his good conduct on this occasion he was made a com- 
mander, June 1st following. 



WILLIAM BUCHANNAN, ESQ. 

OBTAINED the rank of lieutenant in Dec. 1805 ; and 
served as such under Captain (afterwards Rear-Admiral) 
Donald Campbell, in the Audacious 74, on the Baltic and 
North Sea stations. He was next appointed first of the Dicta- 



* See Vol. I. Part II. p. 618, * teg. 
t See Suppl. Part I, pp. 345348- 



COMMANDERS. 73 

tor 64, Captain James Pattison Stewart, who, when report- 
ing the performance of a very dashing exploit on the coast 
of Norway, in the night of July 6th, J812, described him as 
(( a most gallant and excellent officer *. Eleven days after 
this affair, he was advanced to the rank of commander. 



THOMAS EYRE, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant towards the close of 1800 ; pro- 
moted to his present rank, July 25th, 1812; and appointed 
to the Thisbe 28, employed as a receiving-ship in the river 
Thames, June llth, 1814. 



WILLIAM CASE, ESQ. 

OBTAINED the rank of lieutenant in 1797; and served as 
such under Captains Edward Stirling Dickson and John 
Richards, in la Victorieuse sloop, previous to the peace of 
Amiens. 

"On the 3d of December, 1798, at 2 A. M.," says Mr. James, "the 
Victorieuse and 14-gun brig sloop Zephyr, having received on board, by 
order of Colonel Picton (commanding at Trinidad), a major and forty men 
of the York Rangers, landed them, along with a party of seamen, near the 
river Caribe, in the island of Margarita, in order to attack the forts in the 
rear, while the two brigs cannonaded them in front ; but at daylight, the 
Spanish commandant sent to beg the British not to fire, as he would give 
them immediate possession. This he did ; and the guns were brought off, 
and the troops re-embarked. The brigs then made sail for the port of 
Gurupano, in the same island, and at 4 p. M. arrived there. Observing a 
French privateer in the harbour, Captain Dickson sent in a flag of truce, to 
say that the British were determined to take her out, and warning the 
commandant of the fort not to fire at them. He replied, that he would 
protect the vessel, which was the Couleuvre, of six guns and eighty men, 
and that the British should give him up the guns they had taken at Rio- 
Caribe. 

"No time was now to be lost; and having landed the troops, also 
thirty seamen commanded by Lieutenants Case and M'Rensey, Captain 



* See Suppl. Part III, p. 35. 






74 COMMANDERS. 

Dickson anchored with the Victorieuse and Zephyr, and opened a smart 
fire on both forts, one of which mounted four, the other two guns. In ten 
minutes the seventy troops and seamen carried the lower fort ; and imme- 
diately the Spanish flag at the other was hauled down and replaced by a 
French one. At the end of five minutes more, the upper fort also sur- 
rendered. The number of men that garrisoned the two was estimated at 
300 ; but they, as well as the crew of the privateer, effected their escape. 
The Couleuvre and the battery guns were carried off, and both forts de- 
stroyed. The casualties on the part of the British were two men killed 
and two wounded." 

In Aug. 1802, we find Lieutenant Case serving under Cap- 
tain Christopher Basset Jones, of the Beaver sloop, and ex- 
hibiting the following charges against him : 1st, for running 
the said vessel on shore through obstinacy ; 2d, for tyranny 
and oppression ; 3d, for having used language to his ac- 
cuser, scandalous and unbecoming the character of an officer. 
The first charge was declared to be frivolous and vexatious ; 
the second was partly, and the third fully, proved. Captain 
Jones was therefore adjudged to be dismissed H. M. service. 

On the 25th of Sept. 1806, Lieutenant Case, then first of 
the Centaur 74, Captain Sir Samuel Hood, assisted at the 
capture of four large French frigates, full of troops, arms, 
ammunition, provisions, and stores, from Rochefort, bound 
to the West Indies. On this occasion, Sir Samuel Hood re- 
ceived a severe wound in his right arm, and was obliged to 
quit the deck, leaving the ship in charge of Lieutenant Case, 
whose " judicious conduct," during the whole affair, he highly 
approved and duly represented*. On the 2/thof Aug. 1808, 
the same officer, then a rear-admiral, again recommended 
him, in an official letter addressed to Sir James Saumarez, 
reporting the destruction of the Sewolod, a Russian 74 f. 

Lieutenant Case's next appointment was in 181 1, to be 
first of the Minden 74, fitting out for the flag of Sir Samuel 
Hood, as commander-in-chief on the East India station. 
He obtained his present rank, and the command of the 
Samarang sloop, in August 1812. This officer married, 
Sept. 15th, 1829, Miss Hallett, of Chickcock, Devon. 



* See Vol. I. Part II. p. 570 et seq. 
f See Vol. II. Part II. p. 649 et seq. 



COMMANDERS. 

JOHN PRICKETT, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in April, 1794; and served as 
third of the Blanche 32, Captain Robert Faulknor, at the 
capture of la Pique French frigate, between Guadaloupe and 
Dominica, Jan. 5th, 1795 J. From this period we find no 
mention of him until 1811, when he was appointed first of 
the Warrior 74, Captain George Byng (afterwards Viscount 
Torrington), fitting out at Chatham, for the North Sea station. 
He obtained the rank of commander on the 12th Aug. 1812; 
and died early in the year 1823. 



WILLIAM SHIPPARD, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in May, 1794 ; and commander, 
Aug. 12th, 1812. 



EDWARD HALL, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in June, 1797 ; and commander on 
the 12th of Aug. 1812. 



RICHARD BURTON, ESQ. 

OBTAINED a lieutenant's commission in the autumn of 
1797; commanded the Tickler cutter, on the Falmouth sta- 
tion, in 1809 and 1810 ; and was advanced to his present 
rank Aug. 12th, 1812. 



JAMES AUGUSTUS SEYMOUR CRICHTON, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in 1799 ; promoted to the rank of 
commander, Aug. 12th, 1812; and subsequently appointed 
as follows : Aug. 10th, 1813, to the ^olus 32, armed en 
flute .Sept. 3d, 1814, to the Bustard ; and, Nov. 15th fol- 
lowing, to the Ringdove, sloops. 



; See Vol. II. Part I. p. 10 et seg. 



76 COMMANDERS. 

JOHN SHEPHERD, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant on the 10th of May, 1799 ; 
commander Aug. 12th, 1812. 



CHARLES HOLE, ESQ. 

WAS born at West Buckland, near Barnstaple (of which 
place his father, the Rev. William Hole, was surrogate), 
Feb. 27th, 1781 *- 

This officer entered the royal navy, as midshipman on 
board the Atlas 98, Captain Edmund Dodd, June 6th, 1795 ; 
and was scarcely fifteen years of age when he had the teme- 
rity to walk from the main-top-sail-yard-arm to the rigging, 
without holding by any rope ; an exploit rendered the more 
remarkable by the circumstance of the studding-sail-booms 
not being then aloft : he continued in the same ship, under 
the command of Captain Matthew Squire, until Oct. 1799 ; 
when we find him rated master's-mate of the Stag frigate, 
Captain Joseph Yorke. On the 29th of Aug. 1800, he com- 
manded a boat at the capture of la Giipe, French ship 
privateer, of 18 guns and 161 men. The enemy's loss on 
this occasion consisted of no less than sixty-five men killed 
and wounded ; that of the British, four killed, one drowned, 
and twenty wounded-}-. 

On the 6th of the ensuing month, the Stag, then under the 
command of Captain Robert Winthrop, was wrecked in Vigo 
bay ; after which disaster, Mr. Hole appears to have served 
as master's-mate of the Renown 74, flag- ship of Sir John 
Borlase Warren, on the coast of Spain, and in the Mediter- 
ranean j where he was removed to le Ge'ne'reux 74, Captain 
Manley Dixon, in July, 1801 ; appointed acting master of 
the Delight sloop, Captain Richard William Cribb, in Sept. 
following; and from that vessel discharged into the Fou- 
droyant 80, bearing the flag of Admiral Lord Keith, with 
whom he returned to England during the peace of Amiens. 



* Suppl. Part III. p. 182. t See Vol. II, Part II. p. 878 



COMMANDERS. 77 

In June, 1803, he joined theTonnant 80, Captain Sir Edward 
Pellew (now Viscount Exmouth) ; and in May, 1804, the 
Culloden 74, bearing the flag of the same officer, as com- 
mander-in-chief on the East India station, where he was suc- 
cessively appointed acting lieutenant of the Howe frigate and 
Harrier sloop, both commanded by Captain Edward Ratsey, 
in the early part of 1805. The following is Mr. James's 
account of the action alluded to in Suppl. Part I. p. 175 : 

" On the 2d Aug. 1805, at 1-30 p. M., as the British 38-gun frigate 
Phaeton, Captain John Wood, and 18-gun brig-sloop Harrier, Captain 
Edward Ratsey, were entering the straits of St. Bernadino, Philippine 
Islands, a strange frigate (la Sdruillante) was dicovered lying at anchor in 
the road of St. Jacinta. *** 

" Immediately on discovering the British vessels, the Se'millante began 
warping in-shore, between a battery on the south point of St. Jacinta and a 
reef of rocks ; in which operation she was assisted by several boats, and 
subseqxiently by her sails, which she loosed in order to take advantage of a 
light air that sprang up from the north-east. At 2-40 p. M., hoisting French 
colours and a broad pendant, the Se'millante commenced firing her stern- 
chasers at the Harrier ; from whom the Phaeton was then distant about 
three miles in the north-west. The battery began firing also ; and in two 
minutes afterwards the Harrier, being off the north point of the bay, 
opened her starboard broadside. Finding the water to shoal from ten to 
seven, and then to five and four fathoms, the brig hove to; but still con- 
tinued a smart fire. At a few minutes past 3 p. M., the Phaeton got up 
and joined in the cannonade ; and a round tower now added its fire to that 
of the battery at the point. The British frigate and sloop, although, from 
the difficulty of the navigation and the lightness of the breeze, unable to 
close as they wished, continued to engage. At 4 p. M., the latter wore and 
fought her larboard guns. At 4-30 she caught fire in her waist ham- 
mock-cloths, supposed to have been caused by red-hot shot from the bat- 
tery : the flames, however, were soon extinguished. The weather now 
became nearly calm, and the brig, in consequence, began drifting towards 
the reef. At 5 p. M., finding that the Phaeton could not get alongside of 
the enemy without warping, and that his boats would, in such a case, run 
the risk of being cut to pieces, Captain Wood ceased firing, hauled off, and 
signalled Captain Ratsey to do the same. The Harrier, by means of her 
boats, towed her head round : and, in a minute or two afterwards, the ac- 
tion ended. 

" The Phaeton had her sails, rigging, and some of her masts damaged 
by the enemy's fire ; three of her boats were injured, and she received nine 
shot in her hull ; but, fortunately, had only two men wounded. The Har- 
rier having from her nearness to the shore, at its commencement, bore 



78 COMMANDERS. 

the brunt of the action, suffered rather more than her consort. Her rig- 
ging and sails were much cut, and all her boats more or less damaged : 
her masts were also injured, particularly her main-mast, which she was 
obliged to fish to prevent it from falling. The fire from the Se'millante 
and batteries had been aimed chiefly at the rigging of the two British ves- 
sels ; and that it was which occasioned the Harrier's loss to be no greater 
than the Phaeton's, two men wounded. The British stood off for the 
night, and at daylight on the 3d, having a fine breeze off shore, tacked 
and stood in to reconnoitre. They found that the Se'millante had warped 
close to the beach ; and that, for her further protection, a six-gun battery 
had been erected on the north point. They waited off the port until the 
morning of the 4th; when, finding the French frigate still in the same 
place, they made sail, and ran through the straits of St. Bernadino. What 
loss the Se'millante sustained in this engagement, is not recorded in any 
French account ; but it was afterwards understood at Calcutta, that she 
had 13 men killed and 36 wounded. With respect to the damage done to 
her hull and masts, all we know is, that she suffered so much as to pre- 
vent her from proceeding to Mexico, for a cargo of specie. ' La Se'mil- 
lante avail dte trh-maltraitde dans ce combat ; elle fut forcte de renoncer 
au voyage du Mexique *,' is an admission that places that fact beyond a 
doubt." 

On the 4th July, 1806, the Harrier assisted at the destruc- 
tion of the Dutch East India Company's armed brig Eliza- 
beth, under the fort of Manado, in the Java seas. On the 
6th, at the capture of another enemy's cruiser, named the 
Belgica ; and, on the 26th of the same month, at that of the 
Batavian republican frigate Pallas, a large two-decked India- 
man, and an armed ship of 500 tons. Mr. Hole's " very ex- 
emplary conduct" during the action which terminated in the 
surrender of the Pallas and two of her consorts, was highly 
spoken of by his commander, the present Sir E. Thomas 
Troubridge f. 

From Jan. 1807 until Aug. 1812, Mr. Hole served as Sir 
Edward Pellew's first lieutenant, in the Culloden 74, Chris- 
tian VII. 80, and Caledonia 120 j on the East India, North 
Sea, and Mediterranean stations. Whilst in the former ship, 
he appears to have had two narrow escapes. On the first 
occasion, he was standing across the main-tack when it gave 



Dictionnaire des Batailes, &c. tome iv. p. 5. 
t See Suppl. Part I. p. 281. 



COMMANDERS. 79 

way, and his legs getting entangled, he was carried half-way 
up to the main-yard, from which height he fell, but provi- 
dentially alighted upon the back of a sheep in the launch, from 
whence he was carried below with the blood running out of 
his shoes, receiving, as he crossed the quarter-deck, the fol- 
lowing salute from the captain of marines, a very gallant and 
good officer, as well as a most worthy man : " I don't care 
a d n for your legs, you shall pay for the sheep you have 
killed !" Secondly, when unshipping the rudder, he incau- 
tiously stepped across the hawser, in order to give some ne- 
cessary orders, and had scarcely done so when the lashing of 
the block through which it was passed gave way : had he 
been but a single moment later, so violent was the force with 
which the block struck the beams, that he must inevitably 
have been crushed to pieces. 

On the 29th Aug. 1812, Lieutenant Hole was promoted, by 
Sir Edward Pellew, to the command of the Badger sloop, in 
which vessel he captured 1'Aventure, French privateer, of two 
guns and twenty-eight men, Oct. 30th, 1813. Previous to his 
joining her, he acted for about two months as captain of the 
Resistance frigate. His subsequent appointments were to the 
Guadaloupe and Pelorus, sloops, which latter he left, in conse- 
quence of ill-health, in Nov. 1814. We should here observe, 
that the Badger, owing to her having had communication 
with Malta, during the prevalence of the plague in that is- 
land, was never once admitted to pratique for the long space 
of 337 days. 

Commander Hole is married, but has no issue. One of 
his brothers, Lewis, obtained post rank in Dec. 1813 ; another, 
Henry, is a captain in the royal marines : his nephew, Wil- 
liam Hole, was made a lieutenant for gallant conduct during 
the late war with America, and is now in the coast-guard 
service. Two of his sisters are married to medical gentlemen. 



ANDREW WILSON, ESQ. 

OBTAINED a lieutenant's commission in Feb. 1800; and 
commanded the boats of the Alceste and Topaze frigates, at 



80 COMMANDERS. 

the capture of a three-gun battery, and two merchant vessels, 
lying under its protection, in the bay of Martino, island of 
Corsica, June 21st, 1810. On the 29th Nov. 1811, he was 
slightly wounded, whilst " most ably assisting" his captain, 
the late Sir Murray Maxwell, in a severe action with two 
French frigates of the largest class, from Corfu bound to 
Trieste *. His promotion to the rank of commander took 
place Sept. 17th, 1812. On the 4th Aug. 1815, he proposed 
to Viscount Melville u a more perfect research into the cause 
and effects which produce such unequal tides in various parts 
of the globe ;" and we are informed, that his letter " was re- 
ceived by that nobleman with peculiar marks of approba- 
tion f." 



THOMAS M'CULLOCH, ESQ. 

OBTAINED the rank of lieutenant in 1796? and that of com- 
mander on the 13th Oct. 1812. He married, in 1818, a Miss 
Elizabeth Montague Plenderheath ; and died at Bath, in 1830, 
aged 56 years. 



SMITH COBB, ESQ. 

ELDEST son of Benjamin Cobb, Esq. a magistrate of the 
county of Kent. 

This officer was born in 1786 ; and entered the royal navy 
in 1800, as midshipman on board the Ambuscade, a new 36- 
gun frigate, commanded by Captain the Hon. John (now 
Lord) Colville, under whose care he was placed by the late 
Sir Evan Nepean, then secretary to the Admiralty. 

The Ambuscade J returned home from the Jamaica sta- 
tion, and was paid off, in the beginning of 1802 ; but imme- 
diately re-commissioned by Captain David Atkins. Under 



* See Vol. II. Part II. p. 804. 

t See Nav. Chron. vol. xxxvii. pp. 489 495. 

I Afterwards named the Seine. 



COMMANDERS. 81 

that excellent man, whose melancholy fate in the Defence 74, 
was attended with circumstances that must have forcibly 
recalled to the minds of those brought up on his quarter- 
deck, the unflinching principles of their " gallant and self- 
devoted " commander, Mr. Cobb had the good fortune to 
complete the remainder of his first six years' servitude. In 
1805, he assisted at the capture of the French and Spanish 
privateers Perseverante (schooner) and Concepcion (felucca), 
in the neighbourhood of Porto Rico. In 1806, he joined the 
Northumberland 74, bearing the flag of the Hon. Alexander 
I. Cochrane, commander-in-chief on the Leeward Islands 
station ; where he received a lieutenant's commission, dated 
April 21st, 1807. 

On his return to England, in the same year, Mr. Cobb was 
appointed to the Monarch 74, Captain (now Sir Richard) 
Lee ; which ship formed part of the squadron detached from 
before Lisbon, by Sir W. Sidney Smith, to escort the Prince 
Regent of Portugal, his family, and court, to Brazil ; in con- 
sequence of that illustrious personage, alarmed as he was by 
the measures of Napoleon Buonaparte, having resolved to 
abandon his European dominions, and to establish the House 
of Braganza at Rio Janeiro, " until a general peace." 

The Monarch subsequently proceeded to the Rio de la 
Plata, where Captain Lee entered into a treaty with the 
Spanish authorities, for the suspension of hostilities, until 
the official accounts of the political changes in Europe could 
be received from the mother country. In 1809, she returned 
home, and was attached to the magnificent, but ill-conducted 
expedition, against Antwerp ; on which occasion we find her 
bearing the flag of Rear- Admiral William Albany Otway. 

On the arrival of the fleet oft' Walcheren, Lieutenant Cobb 
was ordered to attend Sir Eyre Coote in a reconnoissance, 
previous to the disembarkation of the army. He afterwards 
landed that general and his staff, &c., and then served on 
shore with the naval brigade, under Lord Amelius Beauclerk, 
until the bombardment of Flushing, during which a gun-boat 
under his command was considerably injured by the enemy's 
shot, and had four of her crew wounded. Whilst assisting 

VOL. IV. PART I. G 



82 COMMANDERS. 

in the subsequent operations of the flotilla, he had an attack 
of the prevailing epidemic, and was consequently obliged to 
be invalided. On his recovery, he rejoined the Monarch, 
after an absence of eight months. 

In Aug. 1810, Lieutenant Cobb was sent to join a flotilla, 
consisting of twelve gun-boats, then about to be equipped at 
Gibraltar, under the orders of Commodore Penrose. The 
especial object which H. M. Government appear to have had 
in view on this occasion, was the protection of the bay and 
its neighbourhood ; the recent success of the French arms 
having excited a well-founded alarm, not only for the secu- 
rity of our ordinary commercial relations with the Mediter- 
ranean, but also that the supplies on which Cadiz mainly 
depended might be intercepted, and those also cut off which 
were then chiefly procured from the Barbary coast, for the 
service of our cavalry in the peninsula. So large a force, 
however, soon appeared less requisite at Gibraltar than the 
enterprising character of the enemy had led ministers to ex- 
pect it would become ; and therefore, almost immediately 
after its organization, the greater part of this flotilla was 
ordered to be incorporated with another, previously establish- 
ed in Cadiz bay. Here, and on various detached services at 
Frangerola, Estapona, Conil, Sancti-Petri, Tarifa, and Al- 
geziras, Lieutenant Cobb commanded a gun-boat for two 
years, during which period he took his share of every pri- 
vation and danger attending so harassing an employment ; 
and was, on several occasions, very flatteringly noticed by 
the distinguished officers under whom he successively served. 
For his conduct at Algeziras, he moreover received the 
thanks of the Regency of Spain, who transmitted also a re- 
quest to the British ambassador, that his services might 
receive the consideration of H. M. Government. An outline 
of the operations of the combined flotillas, during the hottest 
part of the siege of Cadiz, will be found in Vol. III. Part I. 
pp. 127 141. The expedition against Frangerola is noticed 
in Suppl. Part III. pp. 198200. For an account of the gal- 
lant and successful defence of Tarifa, the reader is referred to 
Landmann's " Historical, Military, and Picturesque Observa- 
tions on Portugal," &c. Vol. 1. p. 545, et seq. 



COMMANDERS. 83 

On the 15th Oct. 1812, Lieutenant Cobb was promoted to 
the command of the ten-gun brig Onyx, in which he served 
on the Lisbon and Jamaica stations, until again compelled to 
get invalided, in 1815. His opinion, grounded, as he ex- 
presses it, on an anxious and irksome experience of their 
insignificance, is decidedly opposed to the construction and 
equipment of such vessels as the Onyx, holding them unmeet 
for H. M. navy, whether in peace or war. 

Commander Cobb married, in 1816, Sarah, eldest daughter 
of William Coates, Esq. and is now, we believe, a widower, 
with one son and three daughters. Lieutenant Charles 
Cobb, first of the Castilian sloop, who was mortally wounded 
in action with the Boulogne flotilla, Sept. 21st, 1811, and 
whose zeal for his country's honor, and self-possession under 
very acute sufferings, excited the strongest admiration among 
those who witnessed his early and painful death, was a bro- 
ther of this officer ; as is also the present Lieutenant 
Thomas Cobb, R. N. * 



JOHN MEADE, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant on the 19th April, 1803, and com- 
mander, Nov. 4th, 1812. 






DAVID LATIMER ST. CLAIR, ESQ. 

Knight of the Royal Swedish Order of the Sword. 
THIS officer is the third son of the late Colonel William 
St. Clair, of H. M. 25th regiment (who served with zeal and 
fidelity for the long space of forty-six years), by Augusta, 
daughter of the late John Tinling, Esq., and sister of the 
following gentlemen : viz. Lieutenant-General Isaac Tinling, 
grenadier-guards ; Lieutenant-General David Latimer Tin- 
ling- Widdrington ; Rear-Admiral Charles Tinling ; Major 
George Tinling, 1 1th foot; John Tinling, Esq. of Fareham, 
Hants j and William Tinling, Esq. of Moira Place, South- 
ampton. His grandfather was also a general officer, and 

* See Suppl. Part I. p. 75. 



84 COMMANDERS. 

a descendant of Walderness Compte de Saint Clare, the head 
of an ancient French family, cousin-german of William the 
Conqueror (with whom he came over to England, in 1066), 
and the common ancestor of Baron Sinclair, the Earl of 
Rosslyn, and the Ear] of Caithness. 

Mr. DAVID LATIMER ST. CLAIR was born at Chichester, 
co. Sussex, in May, 1786; and appears to have first em- 
barked, as midshipman, on board the Royal Sovereign 110, 
bearing the flag of Sir Alan (afterwards Lord) Gardner, in 
May, 1798. Towards the close of the same year, we find him 
removed to the Scorpion sloop, commanded by his maternal 
uncle, Captain Charles Tinling, under whom he served in the 
expedition against the Helder, in 1799 *. He next joined 
la Nymphe 36, Captain Percy Fraser; and whilst in that 
frigate, was very badly wounded by the bursting of a gun, 
which rendered it necessary for him to become an inmate of 
Plymouth Hospital for a period of three months. On a sub- 
sequent occasion, he was thrown overboard by the breaking 
of her spanker-boom, on which he happened to be standing 
when it caught the main-stay of a smuggling vessel, in her 
endeavour to escape to leeward. On the 22d Nov. 1802, 
being then only in his seventeenth year, he received a lieu- 
tenant's commission, appointing him to the Caroline 36, 
Captain (now Vice-Admiral) B. W. Page ; in which ship he 
assisted at the capture of several armed vessels, and many 
valuable merchantmen, on the East India station, where he lost 
the use of his left thumb, by a sabre cut, when in the act of 
boarding a privateer ; and twice narrowly escaped drowning 
first, by the upsetting of a boat, on which occasion his life 
was saved by a Newfoundland dog ; secondly, by the swamp- 
ing of another, in which he was returning, with Captain 
Peter Rainier, from a shooting excursion up the Vizagapatam 
river. In Feb. 1806, he was obliged to invalid at Bombay, 
in consequence of ill-health, occasioned by extreme fatigue 
when docking and refitting the Caroline, of which ship he 
was then the senior lieutenant. His necessary expenses be- 



* See Vol. I. Part I. p. 414 et seq. 



COMMANDERS. 85 

tween this period and the time of his arrival in England, 
including passage-money, amounted to 250 guineas ; but, 
although he produced the necessary documents, together 
with a certificate from the commander-in-chief in India, his 
applications for reimbursement all proved unavailing, and 
even his half-pay, for nearly fourteen months that elapsed 
before he reached home, was withheld upwards of ten years, 
and then only paid through the interference of a friend in 
office. After a continued illness of more than three years, 
his health began to improve; and, about May, 1810, he 
joined the flag-ship of Sir James (now Lord De) Saumarez, 
whose high opinion of him will be seen by the following 

testimonial : 

" Admiralty House, Devonport, \QthJune, 1826. 

" Dear Sir, I have great satisfaction in the opportunity you have af- 
forded rne of giving my testimony to your character and conduct during 
the two years you served as lieutenant of H. M. S. Victory, under my 
flag, upon the Baltic station, which was most strictly that of an officer 
and a gentleman; and, upon one occasion particularly, met my highest 
approhation when you were detached with the boats of the Victory to 
attack two Danish privateers, hetween Anholt and Wingo Sound, and by 
capturing them prevented their further annoyance of our trade. 

" I shall he happy if this testimony can strengthen your claims for that 
promotion which I consider you so justly entitled to; and I remain, dear 
Sir, your's very sincerely, (Signed) "JAMES SAUMAREZ." 

" To Commander D. L. St. Clair." 

The privateers alluded to above were taken by boarding, 
at a distance of sixty miles from the Victory's anchorage ; 
six of their men were slain in the conflict, and several others 
wounded : the British boats had only one man killed, and ano- 
ther shot through both arms. For this service, Lieutenant St. 
Clair had the honor of receiving his admiral's thanks on the 
very spot where Nelson last fought, and fell. His promo- 
tion to the rank of commander took place Nov. 20th, 1812; 
on which occasion he was .appointed to the Sheldrake sloop 
of war. He soon afterwards captured 1'Aimable d'Hervilly, 
French privateer, in the vicinity of Moen island ; and sub- 
sequently ran through the Mai mo passage, without pilots ; as 
did also, at the same time, the Aquilon frigate, Captain Tho- 
mas Bowles. 



86 COMMANDERS. 

From the Sheldrake, Commander St. Clair exchanged into 
the Reynard sloop, likewise on the Baltic station, where he 
captured another French privateer, commanded by an of- 
ficer of Napoleon's navy ; and assisted at the destruction of 
seven large English ships, laden with hemp, that had run on 
shore in a thick fog, near Stralsund*. In 1813, he accom- 
panied the Orion 74, Captain Sir Archibald Dickson, and 
fifteen Russian line-of-battle ships, from the neighbourhood 
of Bornholm, through the Great Belt, to England. During 
the first part of this voyage, the Courageux 74, Captain 
Philip Wilkinson (now Vice-Admiral Stephens), kept com- 
pany with the fleet; but on Sir Archibald anchoring in 
Samsoe bay, she made sail for Wingo Sound, taking the 
Reynard with her by signal : in the course of a very few 
hours, she met with a disaster which had nearly proved fatal 
to all on board. 

At 8-30 P.M., Commander St. Clair observed that the 
Courageux was steering direct for the N. W. part of Anholt 
reef, and accordingly made the necessary signal to apprise 
Captain Wilkinson that he was running into danger. Of this 
no notice was taken, although the Reynard fired several guns, 
and was then not far from her consort's quarter. The de- 
struction of the Courageux consequently seemed inevitable, 
as she was going large, at the rate of ten knots an hour. In 
order to avoid sharing the same fate, Commander St. Clair 
hauled to the wind, in thirteen fathoms water, keeping a 
light hoisted, and firing a gun every ten minutes. His anxiety 
at this period may readily be conceived, as well as his feel- 
ings on hearing the report of gun after gun- in the exact direc- 
tion that the 74 was steering. No sooner was the first re- 
port heard, than he bore up, and placed his sloop in the best 
position for affording succour to the crew of the Cou- 
rageux, in the event of her goijig to pieces. At daylight 
the next morning, however, he had the gratification to see 
her anchored in deep water, but without masts, rudder, or 
guns. On comparing Captain Wilkinson's account of the 



* See Suppl. Part I. p. 260. 



COMMANDERS. 87 

course steered with his own, it appeared that their compasses 
differed two points and a half ; occasioned, as was soon dis- 
covered, by the marines' bright muskets being kept upon the 
main-deck of the Courageux, immediately under the. bin- 
nacles. 

In Dec. 1813, Commander St. Clair was directed by the 
Admiralty to carry on the port duties at Harwich, and at the 
same time a squadron of gun- brigs and cutters, with twenty 
sail of transports, were placed under his orders. Whilst 
thus employed, he superintended the embarkation of H.R.H. 
the Count d'Artois (now the ci-devant King of France), 
H.S.H. the hereditary Prince of Orange, the late Marquis of 
Londonderry (then Viscount Castlereagh), the present Vis- 
count Goderich, and General Pozzo di Borgo : the two former 
personages being on their way to Holland, in consequence of 
the revolution in that country ; and the others proceeding to 
the head-quarters of the allied sovereigns, at Chatillon. 
Some years afterwards, when at Paris, he received the fol- 
lowing note, and much kind attention, from one of the 
Count's gentlemen in waiting : 

" LeDuc de Maille al'honneurde faire ses compliments t\ Monsieur le 
Capitaine St. Clair, et de 1'informer que Monsieur ne revenant pas d'ici & 
quelques jours, Son ahesse royale le verra avec plaisir a la premiere recep- 
tion des ambassadeurs, qui aura lieu Mardi prochain. 

" Aux Tuileries, ce 1 Aout, 1820." 

Early in 1814, Commander St. Clair sailed for the north 
coast of Spain, where he was actively employed under the 
orders of Rear- Admiral Penrose ; with whom he also served 
during the whole of the important operations in the Gironde 
river, subsequent to the occupation of Bourdeaux*. His 
gallant and zealous conduct at this period obtained him the 
highest commendation. 

The Reynard was afterwards attached to the fleet as- 
sembled at Spithead, for the purpose of being reviewed by 
the Prince Regent and his illustrious visitors, the sovereigns 
of Russia and Prussia, in whose company, and that of many 



* See Suppl. Part II. p. 287, et seq. 



88 COMMANDERS. 

celebrated statesmen and warriors, her commander had the 
honor of dining. She next proceeded on a cruise off Cadiz, 
where she captured a large American merchant brig, and 
chased, but could not overtake, a corvette belonging to the 
United States. 

From thence, Commander St. Clair went up the Mediter- 
ranean, under the orders of Lord Exmouth, who sent him 
with despatches to Tunis, where he had the gratification of 
rescuing a poor Neapolitan slave. This man, it appears, 
jumped from a wharf into the Reynard's boat, as she was 
passing the golletta, on her return from the town ; and, 
twisting the British colours round his arm, called out, in 
Italian, " I am free !" The Turkish governor, who was 
sitting in his verandah, smoking a pipe, saw the slave's pro- 
ceedings, and immediately ordered the boom to be drawn 
across the canal, thereby preventing the egress of the boat : 
his orders, however, were countermanded the moment that 
Commander St. Clair approached him, demanding a free 
passage ; and thus was an unfortunate being restored to 
freedom, after a captivity of seventeen years. 

During part of the time that Napoleon Buonaparte resided 
in Elba, Commander St. Clair was stationed off that island, 
but had no authority to interfere with any person passing to 
and fro. In consequence thereof many soldiers of the old 
French guard were enabled to join their late emperor, which 
might otherwise have been prevented. At a subsequent 
period, the Reynard, whilst proceeding from Palermo to 
Naples, fell in with six vessels, having on board Joachim 
Murat and those of his adherents who accompanied him in 
his fatal expedition to Calabria. 

We next find Commander St. Clair employed in the Ar- 
chipelago, where he captured two Greek pirates, and ren- 
dered essential assistance to the captain, officers, and crew of 
H.M. late frigate Phoenix, wrecked in Chisme* harbour, on 
the coast of Natolia, Feb. 20th, 1816*. After this, he pro- 
ceeded to Malta, and was about to assume the command of 






See Suppl. Part II. p. 76. 



COMMANDERS. 89 

the Trident 64, guard-ship in Valette harbour, when a mor- 
tifying communication from Lord Exmouth's secretary, of 
which we here give the copy, reached him : 

" H.M.S. Boyne, Leghorn, Jan. 22d, 1816. 

"My dear St. Clair, I am extremely sorry to inform you, that Lord 
Exmouth finds himself mistaken in the supposition that Reid, of the 
Calypso, had been promoted at home. As he is the first on the Admiralty 
list for post promotion, his lordship has been obliged to cancel your ap- 
pointment to the Trident. I regret this extremely, and so does his lord- 
ship, who I assure you, on all occasions, expresses the greatest friend- 
ship for you, and had mentioned to Lord Melville his intention to put 
you in the vacancy, from motives of personal friendship, as you are not on 
the Viscount's list. I am now up to my chin in despatches, to and from 
all the world, therefore God bless you : believe me your sincerely attached 
friend, (Signed) " J. GRIMES." 

On the 2d Feb. 1816, Rear-Admiral Penrose addressed the 
disappointed commander of the Reynard as follows : 

" My dear St. Clair, Having heard a report that all the commanders on 
the station, except yourself and Cutfield, were made post, I had great 
hopes that the favorable intentions of our chief towards you would have 
been realised ; but I am disappointed. It was fully Lord Exmouth's in- 
tention to have made you post, till he discovered the mistake. * * * 
Yours faithfully, (Signed) " C. V. PENROSE." 

In the course of the same year, Commander St. Clair 
visited Athens, where he found the late Queen Caroline re- 
siding on board a polacre. Being then on his return to Mal- 
ta, he, of course, felt it his duty to wait upon the Princess, in 
order to receive her commands ; but the ridiculous story, af- 
terwards circulated in London, of his having accompanied 
her to a Turkish dance, was no less absurd than false. 

In 1817, the Reynard was ordered home, and put out of 
commission ; since which, although anxious to serve, Com- 
mander St. Clair has never been employed. On the 14th 
May, 1818, he received a letter from H. R. H. the late Duke 
of Kent, couched in the following friendly terms : 

" My dear St. Clair, I have received this morning your letter of the 
13th, and though hurried out of my life, by preparations for my departure 
for the continent, which will probably take place to-morrow, I cannot think 
of setting out without apprising you that I have written to Mr. Arbuth- 
not, Secretary to the Treasury, in your behalf, which is all I could do, for 



90 COMMANDERS. 

I have not much weight in that, nor indeed in any other public, department ; 
however, we will hope it may he of use. 

" I assure you, it was a real mortification for me, to find that I missed 
your good father and yourself, when you did me the favor of calling at 
Kensington Palace ; it was impossible for me, overwhelmed as I have been 
with business, from my arrival until now, to receive any of my friends, 
without their making an appointment beforehand ; but I trust you both 
know me too well to doubt the sincerity of my regard. To your mother 
and sisters I desire my affectionate remembrance, and I remain ever, with 
friendship and esteem, my dear St. Clair, yours faithfully, 

(Signed) " EDWARD." 

It is proper here to observe, that Commander St. Clair's 
father served at Gibraltar when the Duke of Kent was at- 
tached to that garrison, as colonel of the Royal Scots ; and 
that he was always considered by the Prince " as one of his 
best friends." The commander married, in 1819, his cousin, 
Elizabeth Isabella, daughter of John Farhill, of Chichester, 
Esq. and grand-daughter of Sir Thomas Wilson, Knt. His 
brothers, three in number, made choice of the military pro- 
fession : the eldest, James Paterson St. Clair, was a lieute- 
nant-colonel in the royal artillery ; the next in succession, 
William, a captain in the 25th foot, after distinguishing him- 
self on several occasions abroad, was killed at the storming of 
the heights of Sourrier, in Martinique, Feb. 2d, 1809, on 
which occasion he commanded a regiment composed of the 
flank companies of the army ; the youngest, Thomas Staun- 
ton St. Clair, lieutenant-colonel of the 94th foot, was ho- 
noured with four medals for his services during the peninsu- 
lar war. The Hon. Matthew Sinclair, who perished when 
commanding the Martin sloop of war, in 1800, was a cousin 
to those gentlemen. 



JOHN BERNHARD SMITH, ESQ. 

WE first find this officer serving as midshipman of the Her- 
cule 74, bearing the flag of Rear- Admiral J. R. Dacres, on 
the Jamaica station ; where, April 8th, 1805, being then in 
command of that ship's tender, the Gracieuse, mounting twelve 
guns, he captured a large Spanish schooner, full of passen- 



COMMANDERS. 91 

gers, from San Domingo bound to Porto Rico ; and, two days 
subsequently, drove on shore and destroyed, after a smart 
action, in which a brother-midshipman and two of his crew 
were wounded, a French national vessel of five guns, four 
swivels, and 96 men. He was made a lieutenant on the 8th 
Sept. 1808; and promoted to his present rank, Dec. 1st, 
1812. 



ABRAHAM MILLS HAWKINS, ESQ. 

SECOND son of Richard Hawkins, of Kingsbridge, co. 
Devon, Esq. among whose ancestors may be particularly no- 
ticed those distinguished sea-officers, Sir John Hawkins, who 
was knighted for the conspicuous part he bore, as rear-admi- 
ral, at the memorable defeat of the Spanish Armada ; and Sir 
Richard Hawkins, his son, also much spoken of in our early 
naval annals. The augmentations to the family arms, granted 
by Queen Elizabeth, in consideration of Sir John's services, 
are borne by the subject of the following sketch, whose mo- 
ther, Mary Creed, was likewise of an old and highly respect- 
able family long settled in the above county. 

Mr. ABRAHAM MILLS HAWKINS was born at Kingsbridge; 
and entered the navy in 1/98, as midshipman on board the 
Barfleur, second-rate, Captain James Richard Dacres. On 
the promotion of that officer, in Feb. 1 799, he was removed 
to the Prince 98, bearing the flag of Sir Roger Curtis, off 
Cadiz : and on the latter being appointed to the chief com- 
mand at the Cape of Good Hope, he accompanied him thither 
in the Lancaster 64. After serving for nearly four years on 
that station, he proceeded to the East Indies, and there con- 
tinued about the same length of time, as petty-officer and 
acting-lieutenant in various ships, one of which, the Sheer- 
ness 44, Captain Lord George Stuart, was wrecked near Trin- 
comalee, in the beginning of 1805 *. His first commission 
bears date June llth, 1807 ; at which period he was appoint- 



* See Vol. II. Part II. p. 869. 



92 COMMANDERS. 

ed to 1'Aimable 32, then on the North Sea station, but after- 
wards employed in escorting the army under Sir Arthur Wel- 
lesley from Cork to Portugal. On the 3d Feb. 1809, he as- 
sisted at the capture of 1'lris, French frigate, armed en flute, 
victualled and stored for four months, and having on board a 
considerable quantity of flour for the relief of Martinique *. 
On the 29th July following, his captain, Lord George Stuart, 
then commanding a light squadron at the mouth of the river 
Elbe, reported the expulsion of the enemy from the town of 
Gessendorf, the demolition of a four-gun battery, together 
with a magazine, guard-houses, &c. and the re-capture of six 
waggons of confiscated merchandize : u A want of zeal and 
activity," says his lordship, " was discernible no where ; to 
every officer and man I must award the meed of praise so 
justly their due ; but of Lieutenant Burgess, of the Pincher, 
and Lieutenant Hawkins, second of 1'Aimable, I am more 
competent to speak in favor, for their indefatigable exertions 
in forwarding my orders to the different detachments f. 

About Sept. 1810, Mr. Hawkins followed Lord George 
Stuart into the Horatio 38, of which frigate he served as first 
lieutenant until promoted to the rank of commander, for an 
exploit thus officially detailed : 

" H. M. S. Horatio, Tromptsen Sound, 3d Aug. 1812. 

" Sir, I have the honor to make known to you, that when in execution 
of your orders, running down the coast of Norway on the 1st instant, in 
lat. 70 40' N., a small sail was seen from the mast-head, close in with 
the land, which we discovered to be an armed cutter before she disap- 
peared among the rocks. Being anxious to destroy the enemy's cruisers, 
who have so considerably intercepted our trade iu this quarter, I despatched 
the barge and three cutters, under the command of my first lieutenant, 
Abraham M. Hawkins, who gained information on shore that the cutter 
had gone to a village on an arm of the sea, thirty-five miles inland, where 
he immediately proceeded, and, at 8 A. M. on the 2d, she was discovered 
at anchor, together with a schooner and a large ship, which, on the ap- 
pearance of the boats, presented their broadsides with springs on their 
cables. 

" As a strong tide set the boats towards them, Lieutenant Hawkins de- 



* See Vol. II. Part II. p. 869. 
t See id. p. 870, and Suppl. Part HI. p. 284, el seq. 



COMMANDERS. 93 

termitied to attack, notwithstanding their advantageous position ; at nine 
the lire commenced on the boats (one of which was despatched under the 
directions of Mr. James Crisp, master's-mate, to disperse some small- 
armed men collected on shore this he effected, and returned to the attack 
before the enemy struck) ; and after a most sanguinary combat, they were 
carried, in that true and gallant style which far surpasses any comment of 
mine on its merits, or of the characters of the brave fellows employed. 
They proved to be his Danish Majesty's schooner, No. 1 14, of six six- 
pounders and thirty men, and cutter No. 97, of four six-pounders and 
twenty-two men, commanded by Lieutenant Buderoff, a first lieutenant in 
the Danish navy, and commodore of a division of small vessels employed on 
this coast, in person on board the schooner ; and an American ship of 
about four hundred tons, their prize. 

*' I lament to say, that the loss on both sides is severe, and nearly simi- 
lar. Though I have before had occasion to represent the meritorious con- 
duct of Lieutenant Hawkins, I cannot in this instance sufficiently express 
my sentiments of his gallantry, as well as that of Lieutenant Thomas J. P. 
Masters, second of the Horatio. Lieutenant Hawkins, who received a se- 
vere wound in the right hand when the boats were advancing, and another 
in the left arm in the act of boarding, represents the spirited and able sup- 
port he received from Lieutenant Masters, who was also severely wounded 
in the right arm; and I must also bear testimony to the merits of this offi- 
cer. The service has lost a valuable officer in First Lieutenant George 
Syder (royal marines), killed in the act of boarding ; and that of a most 
amiable young man, Mr. James Larans, assistant-surgeon, who soon 
after died of his wounds. I must also represent the high terms in which 
Lieutenant Hawkins speaks of Mr. James Crisp, master's-mate, Mr. Wil- 
liam Hughes, boatswain, and Mr. Thomas Fowler, midshipman ; the two 
latter are also severely wounded. 

" The services of Lieutenants Hawkins and Masters, with the petty- 
officers, and the several instances of spirited behaviour of the seamen and 
marines, well deserve the encomiums already passed. The unwearied, 
skilful, and humane attention of Mr. Thomas Bishop, surgeon, to the 
wounded, demand my warmest acknowledgments. Our loss is to be attri- 
buted to the desperate resistance made by the Danish commodore, (who is 
severely wounded, as well as the commander of the cutter) and the excel- 
lent position his vessels were placed in. 1 have the honor to be, &c. 

(Signed) " G. STUART." 

" To Admiral William Young, fyc. fyc." 

The persevering gallantry displayed on this occasion was 
in the highest degree honourable to Lieutenant Hawkins and 
his party ; but the more their gallant spirit excited the ad- 
miration of Admiral Young the more he lamented that so many 



91 COMMANDERS. 

brave officers and men should have been lost to their coun- 
try. In addition to those above mentioned, eight were slain, 
one mortally, seven severely, and three slightly, wounded. 
The Danes had ten killed, and thirteen (including officers) 
wounded. 

The subject of this memoir was promoted to his present 
rank on the 12th Dec. 1812; granted a pension for his 
wounds in Sept. 1813; appointed to the command of the 
Conflict sloop, on the Channel station, Mar. 18th, 1814 ; and 
paid off at Sheerness, in the summer of 1815. He married, 
in 1819, Mary, only daughter of Christopher Savery, of 
South Efford, co. Devon, Esq.; and is now settled at Batt- 
ville, in the neighbourhood of his native place. Mrs. Haw- 
kins, by whom he has had issue two sons, is also a descendant 
of an ancient and very respectable Devonshire family. 



W. CUNNINGHAM C. DALYELL, ESQ. 

FIFTH and youngest son of the late Sir Robert Dalyell, 
bart., of Binns, near Edinburgh, sixteenth in lineal descent 
from Walter, Earl of Menteth*, by Elizabeth, daughter of 
Nichol Graham, of Gartmore, Esq., and grand-daughter 
of William, Earl of Glencairn. 

This officer's ancestors frequently distinguished themselves in the service 
of their country : the name of the family ia said to owe its origin to an 
incident occurring at a very remote period. A kinsman and favorite of 
Kenneth, King of Scotland, who reigned aboutthe year 841, having been 
taken prisoner by his enemies, and hanged in sight of the Scottish camp, 
a great reward was offered to whomsoever should cut the body down ; but 
none would undertake the perilous enterprise, until a gentleman of ac- 
knowledged valour, in the retinue of the king, stepped forward, exclaim- 
ing, "Dolt/ell" which, in the language of the times, signified "I dare'* 
He accordingly left the camp, and succeeded in restoring to the monarch 
the body of his friend. His courage did not pass unrewarded, for the 
name of "DALYELL," was bestowed by the king, together with other gifts, 
on him and his posterity : and he assigned for his coat armorial the body of a 
hanged man, and the motto " / dare" which are actually borne by all 



See Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 3d edit. p. 196. 



COMMANDERS. 95 

persons of the surname at this day ; and by none more deservedly than 
Commander Dalyell. 

The above anecdote is detailed in " Nisbett's System of Heraldry," Vol. 
I. and " Crawford's Peerage of Scotland," p. 67. We read also, in a 
work called " Scoti-chronicon," of Sir William Dalyell, a Scottish 
champion, who was celebrated at the battle ofOtterburn (in 1388), where 
he lost an eye ; and the chroniclers of the time exultingly dwell on his 
prowess. Descending to more modern times, we find the name of Ge- 
neral Thomas Dalyell (an immediate ancestor of the commander), who 
distinguished himself by his attachment to the royal family during the 
civil wars. In the reign of Charles I. he commanded the town and garrison 
of Carrickfergus, where he was taken prisoner. He was again made 
captive, when major-general, at the battle of Worcester (A. D. 1C51), 
and committed to close confinement in the Tower : his estates were for- 
feited, and himself excepted from Cromwell's general act of indemnity. 
However, he made his escape, and, at the head of a small party, raised the 
royal standard in the north of Scotland. When it proved impossible, for 
the time being, to retrieve the fortunes of Charles II. this warrior repaired 
to the continent, bearing strong recommendations from that prince to 
foreign powers, for courage and fidelity; and having entered into the ser- 
vice of the Czar Alexis Michaelowitcb, he was soon promoted to the rank 
of general in the Russian army. There he was employed in the wars 
with the Turks and Tartars : but the restoration of the family of Stuart, 
having in the mean time taken place, he requested permission to retnrn to 
his native country. The Czar, thereupon, directed a testimony of his ser- 
vices, written in Russian, to pass under the great seal of the empire ; and 
it is still preserved by his descendants. After enumerating the titles of 
the Czar, it proceeds thus : 

" He (General Dalyell) formerly came hither to serve our great Czarian 
Majesty. Whilst he was with us, he stood against our enemies and fought 
valiantly. The military men that were placed under his command, he re- 
gulated and disciplined, and himself led them to battle ; and he did and 
performed every thing faithfully as becoming a noble commander. For his 
trusty services, we were pleased to order him to be made a general. And 
now, having petitioned us to give him leave to return to his own country, 
we are pleased to command, that the said noble general, who is worthy 
of all honor, Thomas, the son of Thomas Dalyell, shall have leave to go 
into his own country. And, by this patent, we do pertify of him, that he 
is a man of virtue and honor, and of great experience in military affairs; 
and in case he should be willing again to serve our Czarian majesty, he is 
to let us know of it beforehand, and he shall come into the dominions of 
our Czarian majesty with our safe passports, &c. &c. Given at our court 
in the metropolitan city of Moscow, in the year, from the creation of the 

world, 7173, January 6th." 

On his return to Scotland, this renowned general was immediately ap- 



9C COMMANDERS. 

pointed commander-in-chief of the forces, and a privy councillor : for 
several successive parliaments he represented his native county, Linlith- 
gow. In 1666, he raised a regiment of foot ; and, some years afterwards, 
also a fine cavalry corps, the " Scots Greys." The letters of service for 
both are still in possession of his descendants. 

General Dalyell had a son, likewise in the army, who was created a 
baronet of Nova Scotia, by a patent, wherein his alacrity in promoting 
the military service is particularly specified. Another branch of the 
family, Colonel John Dalyell, was killed at the battle of Malplaquet, 
Sept. llth, 1709. 

COMMANDER Dalyell's grandfather served in the wars of George I. and 
II. His paternal uncle, James, was aid-de-camp to Lord Amherst, and 
killed in North America, in 1763*. Two others were mortally wounded 
in the naval and military services ; one on board the Valiant 74, and the 
other in India. 

MR. WILLIAM CUNNINGHAM C. DALYELL was born on 
the 2/th of April, 1784 ; and, after receiving the first rudi- 
ments of his education at Binns, was placed under the tuition 
of the late Dr. Burney, of Gosport. From that gentleman's 
celebrated nautical school, he first embarked as midshipman, 
on board the Thetis frigate, Captain the Hon. Alexander 
Inglis Cochrane, attached to the Halifax station. He after- 
wards served under Captain (now Sir David) Milne, in the 
Pique and Seine frigates ; and was master's -mate of the lat- 
ter ship, acting also as aid-de-camp to his gallant com- 
mander, at the capture of la Vengeance, mounting 52 guns, 
with a complement of 326 officers and men, near St. Do- 
mingo, Aug. 21st, IBOOf. 

In December following, Mr. Dalyell was sent, as prize- 
master, with nine men, on board a Spanish schooner. His 
orders were to proceed to Jamaica ; but, unfortunately, the 
vessel sprang a leak, in a gale of wind, arid filled so rapidly 
that there was barely time to escape from her, in a small 
boat, without either clothes, provisions, or water, ere she 
sunk. After a fatiguing row of eighteen hours, he succeeded 
in reaching the western coast of Cuba, and landed with his 
crew on a low sandy beach, to the southward of the Colo- 



* See " Mante's History of the War in North America." 
f Sec Vol.1. Part II. p. 681. 



COMMANDERS. 97 

rados ; where he passed a most gloomy night under the 
shelter of some trees near the sea; having previously made 
a fruitless excursion of several miles in search of food and 
fresh water. On the second day after quitting the schooner, 
the boat was again launched, and the distressed party rowed, 
faint and weary, to the northward and westward, in hope of 
finding some creek or other, that might lead to the haunts of 
men. About noon, they descried several fishing-vessels, on 
board of which they were received, and conveyed to the 
coast near Cape Antonio. Here the humane islanders plen- 
tifully supplied them with the best provisions their huts af- 
forded, until the arrival of a party of soldiers from the in- 
terior, by whom they were marched off, as prisoners of war, 
to the Havannah, at which place, also, Mr. Dalyell met with 
very kind treatment. Understanding that he was utterly 
destitute of money, the governor of Moro Castle invited him 
to dinner, placed a purse of gold before him, desired him to 
take as much as he had occasion for, and continued to shew 
him the kindest attentions during the whole time of his con- 
finement in that fortress a period of about two months. 
He was at length exchanged and sent to New Providence, 
from whence he proceeded in the Echo sloop, Captain John 
Serrell, to rejoin his proper ship, off Jamaica. The Seine 
returned home, and was paid off at Chatham, in the spring 
of 1802. 

We next find Mr. Dalyell serving under Commodore (now 
Admiral) Sir W. Sidney Smith, in the Antelope 50, on the 
North Sea station. The following extracts are taken from a 
journal kept by an officer of that ship : 

" September 29M, 1803. A launch, barge, and six-oared cutter, were 
sent to reconnoitre the enemy's fleet in the Texel, the whole commanded 
by Lieutenant John Martin Hanchett ; the barge by Mr. Dalyell. The 
boats were within half a mile of the Dutch admiral at daylight. Two 
schooners and five rowing gun-vessels, each mounting two 24-pounders, 
and manned with fifty men, pursued them. Lieutenant Hanchett kept 
drawing slowly off the laud, and when the gun-vessels had separated from 
the schooners about two miles, he attacked the former, sunk one, and, it 
is said, killed and wounded fifty-seven men. A breeze springing up, the 
schooners rapidly approached, and our boats were obliged to retreat from 

VOL. IV. PART I. H 



98 COMMANDERS. 

such superior force, fighting their way until within three miles of the ship. 
Mr. Dalyell displayed the most marked coolness and intrepidity during this 
action. 

" October 24lh. Lieutenant Hanchett went in shore at night, with the 
pinnace and cutter; the latter commanded by Mr. Dalyell. They drove 
sixteen vessels on shore under Sandfort; and, after driving away the troops 
who came to protect them, burnt three, and did as much damage to the 
rest as possible : the tide having left them dry, one only could be brought 
away. 

" October 28th. Five of our boats drove sixty-five schuyts ashore 
under the Scheveling battery, set fire to many, and brought off two. On 
this occasion Mr. Dalyell again distinguished himself. 

" October 30th. About 4 P. M., Lieutenant Hanchett and Mr. Dalyell, 
in the Antelope's barge, set fire to and destroyed three schuyts, lying 
a-ground within a mile of five guard-vessels in the Vlie passage. 

" Nov. 2d. Mr. Hanchett volunteered with twenty-five men, and took 
the island of Rotturn. The French troops, with an exiled general destined 
for the Seychelle islands, would not wait for them to close : they were pur- 
sued across the island, and escaped from the opposite side on board of 
three schuyts. Messrs. Dalyell and Bourne were engaged in this expe- 
dition. 

" Nov. \1th. Lieutenant Hanchett, acting Lieutenant Dalyell, and 
Mr. Bourne, midshipman, sailed in the Experiment schuyt, from Yarmouth 
roads for the coast of Zealand. She had on board eleven men, and was 
armed with three 18-pounder carronades. A heavy gale of wind, from 
the N.W., came on that night, and the next afternoon she was in shoa 
water. Lieutenant Hanchett waited till the top of high-water, and then ran 
her ashore upon an extensive bank, out of gun-shot of the sand-hills on 
the S. W. end of Goree ; for, being in hopes of getting her off when the 
weather moderated, he determined to defend her to the last. At low 
water, she was a full mile from the above island. The enemy was not 
slow in preparing to take possession of her. The second night, the dra- 
goons reached the bank, but did not succeed in their attempt. On the 
third night, five of our men deserted, probably from the effects of fear; 
and the remainder of the party finding nothing could be done, set the 
schuyt on fire, leaving her colours flying, and put to sea in the boat a 
very small one. She springing a leak, when about three miles from the shore, 
they then pulled in to board a vessel lying at anchor under Schouwen ; but 
as there was a heavy battery which commanded her, they were obliged to 
surrender as prisoners of war. Messrs. Hanchett, Dalyell, and Bourne, 
being directly recognised by some seamen, formerly belonging to vessels 
which they had captured and destroyed, were conducted to Zierick-Zee, 
and put in close confinement as incendiaries. Buonaparte was then at 
Flushing, and having heard they belonged to Sir Sidney Smith, ordered 
them to betrictly guarded. On the seventeenth evening of their confine- 



COMMANDERS. 99 

ment, however, being the one preceding the day on which they were to 
have been transported to Flushing, they effected their escape ; and next 
day, arrived at the village of Oost Duiveland. At this place they hired a 
boat to take them to Williamstadt, but with the intention of seizing her, 
and standing out to sea. Want of provisions and water obliging them to 
abandon the latter part of this project, they then compelled the Dutch- 
men to put them ashore about seventeen miles from. Rotterdam, towards 
which city they proceeded, along the top of the dikes, in a covered 
waggon. Their vehicle soon breaking down, they next sought refuge at 
an inn near the road side, and there joined company with a party of French 
soldiers, who readily believed their tale, that they were Americans, and 
had suffered shipwreck. Whilst they were in this house, some chasseurs, 
of the same nation, passed by in pursuit of them. At dusk, they took a 
boat 5 and, about 9 P.M., landed at Rotterdam. They were nowiii the 
heart of an enemy's country, with but little cash, and knew not where to 
apply for shelter. After some difficulty, however, Mr. Hanchett procured 
safe lodgings for his young friends ; and at length met by accident with a 
Scotch gentleman (Mr. L , belonging to a highly respectable mer- 
cantile firm), by whom he was ultimately accompanied to Embden. As 
it was next to impossible that four persons could pass the fort of Schenken- 
skans together in. security, Messrs. Dalyell and Bourne were left behind 
at Noordwyk, as American youths, sent over to Holland for education." 

The following is taken, nearly verbatim, from the Naval 
Chronicle : 

" There was then residing at Embden, Mr. J. Brown, writer of the letter 
to the King of Prussia, published in the last volume *. He met Messrs. 

Hanchett and L at the White House (Witte Huis) inn, and, after a 

little conversation, invited them to his lodgings in Kraan-street. Under- 
standing that Messrs. Dalyell and Bourne were in Holland at a school, he 
mentioned a friend of his, then residing at Amsterdam, of the name of 
Hofhout, who had served as an officer in the Dutch corps from the time 
of its formation, who was a man of tried courage, and enthusiastically 
devoted to the politics of England, as also to the House of Orange. To 
the care and management of this gentleman, it was determined to commit 
Messrs. Dalyell and Bourne ; and as soon as this was arranged, Mr. 
Brown procured a passage for Lieutenant Hanchett on board an American 
vessel. His Scotch friend soon afterwards escorted the young gentlemen 
from Noordwyk to Amsterdam, took their drafts for what money they 
required, and delivered them to the care of Mr. Hofhout, who gave them 
as kind a reception as though they had been his brothers, and recommend- 
ed them to his friends on their route, by whom they were protected, 



* Nnv. Chron. xxxi. p. 2SO. 
H2 



100 COMMANDERS. 

and conveyed in safety from place to place, till they had passed the 
frontiers. 

" At this period, the politics of France were the politics of Prussia ; 
and never could British officers have arrived at a more inauspicious hour. 
The strictest orders were given to prevent any of the disorganized Hano- 
verian army from escaping to England; whilst the most severe edicts were 
published relative to the clandestine enlistment of troops, or their em- 
barkation for British ports. Mr. Brown, who was aware of the many 
dangers that might arise from the open and unsuspecting candour of 
young minds, had written to Mr. Hofhout, entreating him to warn Messrs. 
Dalyell and Bourne against talking of politics on their journey, praising 
our navy, or forming an intimate acquaintance with any one ; but, for- 
getful of the admonitions they had received, they admitted a stranger to 
their company, whom they met with on the road, near Lingen, escorting 
a party of Germans to Eems, to be privately embarked for England. This 
person pretended to our young officers, that he was a man of ranK and 
consequence, and did them the honor to borrow nearly all the money they 
had in their possession. 

" It was late in the evening when Messrs. Dalyell and Bourne arrived 
at Mr. Brown's lodgings : their clothing was neither very good nor very 
fashionable ; they had left their uniforms in Holland, and the latter gen- 
tleman wore a coat which was far from fitting him. When the first com- 
pliments were over, Mr. Brown wished to go to the principal inn, to be- 
speak beds ; but neither of them would listen to such a proposal ; they 
had pledged their words to return to the inn where they had left their 
travelling acquaintance. Upon inquiry, Mr. Brown found it was a very 
common house, and of bad repute. Fearful that the young travellers had 
fallen in with a character called on the continent ' a seller of souls,' and in 
England, a kidnapper, he was truly uneasy, aware of the destruction in 
which it might involve, not only themselves, but him also. He arose by 
six o'clock the next morning, in hopes of removing them before they 
might be denounced, and of explaining to the magistrates whom and what 
they were. On reconnoitring their tavern, however, he found it in a state 
of strict blockade, and the city gate-keepers stationed with drawn swords 
at every avenue and door. 

" All seemed silent within : and being now too well convinced of the 
reality of what he had anticipated, namely, that his friends had fallen in 
company with a kidnapper, he thought it most advisable to return to his 
own lodgings, and put away all letters he had by him respecting them. 
This accomplished, he hastened back to attempt their deliverance. On 
his return, he saw lights in the windows, heard angry voices, and the 
clashing of swords. He made his way to a miserable bed-room, where 
Messrs. Dalyell and Bourne, only half dressed, were keeping at bay some 
feeble old men, of whose language they knew not a word. He entreated 
the former to lay down their weapons a couple of ricketty chairs and 



COMMANDERS. 101 

the city guards to sheath their swords ; but the latter replied that they 
must take the strangers to the magistrates, who were assembling at that 
early hour to examine them, private intelligence of their arrival having 
been given. 

"It was now too evident that Messrs. Dalyell and Bourne were ar- 
rested on a charge amounting to felony, if not to treason. From the ve- 
hement remonstrances made by France against arms or soldiers being 
embarked for England in the Prussian ports, new laws had then recently 
been enacted, ordaining the punishment of death for the actual enlisters, 
and the next severest punishment known in Prussia, to each of the inferiot 
agents. A British officer, named Pringle, was at that moment confined 
in a subterranean cell under the Guildhall, and the police were on the 
watch for others. There was, consequently, great cause of alarm. 

"Luckily Mr. Brown stood on a friendly footing with the burgomasters, 
and particularly with the senior one, to whose residence he immediately 
proceeded, first admonishing Messrs. Dalyell and Bourne, who smiled 
contemptuously on their attendants, to be peaceable during his absence. 
By that time the city was in a state of agitation, the cry having gone forth 
that the Germans above alluded to had been treacherously hired as la- 
bourers to serve in a London sugar-house, but were in reality to be trans- 
ported to our condemned regiments in the West Indies. By the time 
Mr. Brown returned to accompany Messrs. Dalyell and Bourne before the 
magistrates and senate of Bremen, who were assembled in full council, a 
considerable concourse of people had collected, and nothing was heard 
except execrations and denunciations of vengeance against the ' soul 
sellers;' but the moment they saw the fearless and smiling countenances 
of the British youths, the effect was honorable to their feelings ; in an 
instant their rage subsided ; and, instead of curses, they pronounced it 
impossible that the accused could be ' Zielverkatifers.' 

" Arrived at the council-chamber, Mr. Brown, for the first time, saw 
his friends' travelling companion : guilt and terror were depicted on his 
visage. They took care in their replies to injure his cause as little as pos- 
sible ; and he seized an opportunity to get rid of a paper from the War 
Office in London, which, had it been found upon him, would have endan- 
gered his life. Out of compassion, Mr. Brown received it. After a long 
examination, Messrs. Dalyell and Bourne were honourably acquitted of 
all knowledge of, or participation in, the offence which the other prisoner 
had committed ; they received many flattering compliments, and were dis- 
missed : whilst he was conducted to a dungeon. Having thus got clear of 
a dangerous and unpleasant adventure, Mr. Dalyell and the other young 
officer embarked on board a galliot, bound to London, laden with oats. 
During a tempestuous passage, this vessel shipped much water, and her 
cargo swelled to such a degree that her deck parted, and she was in the 
most imminent danger of being lost. Fortunately, however, she reached 
Yarmouth roads, and there found the Antelope at anchor." 



102 COMMANDERS. 

On the 18th March, 1804, tvro boats, under the command 
of Messrs. Hanchett and Dalyell, cut out four Dutch vessels, 
three of which they found lashed to the pier-heads of Zierick- 
Zee, and the other close to them. They were all brought 
down safe, between Schouwen and South Beveland, without 
the loss of a single man, although the batteries fired on them, 
as they approached either shore, in working to windward. 
On the 31st of the same month, Mr. Dalyell also assisted in 
capturing a national galliot, employed as a guard-vessel, 
mounting two long 18-pounders, and four sixes, with a com- 
plement of 94 men. The following is an extract of the offi- 
cial letter written by Sir W. Sidney Smith on this occasion : 

" The musketry of the people ashore alarming the guard-vessel, it was 
necessary to board, in order to silence her fire. Lieutenant Hanchett gal- 
lantly led the way in the Antelope's launch, closely followed by Lieute- 
nants Boxer and Barber j the two latter being very early wounded in a 
most gallant attempt to board across the launch, she could not hold on, 
and fell astern. The contest with fire-arms lasted three-quarters of an 
hour, without their being able to get on board, such was the obstinate 
resistance of the Dutchmen, favored by the form of the vessel and the 
strong tide. Lieutenant Hanchett, with his usual zeal and intrepidity, then 
took the Antelope's cutter, and, with the other small boats, boarded on 
the broadside. Mr. Dalyell, of the Antelope, and Mr. Hawkins, of the 
Magicienne, were much praised by Mr. Hanchett, as was also Lieutenant 
Honeyman, of the marines, a volunteer on the occasion. The decks were 
soon cleared of the enemy, and the gun-vessel was carried. She was 
called the Schrik, and found perfectly prepared to resist such an attempt, 
which seems to have been expected." 

In the performance of this exploit, which was succeeded 
by several other affairs with the enemy, the British had about 
fifteen men killed, and many wounded. On the 13th of May 
following, Messrs. Dalyell and Bourne were discharged into 
the Rattler sloop, Captain Francis Mason ; the former as 
acting lieutenant. On the 16th of the same month, that 
ship received very considerable damage, and sustained a 
loss of two men killed and ten wounded, in action with the 
Flushing flotilla, commanded by Rear- Admiral Ver-huell *. 



See Suppl. Part I. pp. 1318, and p. 58, et seq. 



COMMANDERS. 103 

In consequence of Mr. Dalyell's gallant conduct on this occa- 
sion, the late Lord Melville, then at the head of naval affairs, 
allowed him to retain his acting order, although a commis- 
sioned officer had been appointed in the interim. 

On the 23d June, 1804, the Rattler was again warmly en- 
gaged with the enemy, near Ostend ; and in Oct. following, 
she appears to have had three sharp skirmishes, in the neigh- 
bourhood of Dieppe *. On the 1st Jan. 1805, Mr. Dalyell's 
commission as lieutenant, that long deferred object of his 
youthful ambition, was signed ; which, according to the 
acknowledgment of Viscount Melville, ought to have been 
done six months earlier : how little did he expect, after the 
severe services he had performed as midshipman, that the 
fourth day of his enjoying naval rank would close his services, 
at least for many years. 

On the 4th Jan. the Rattler took possession of a fishing- 
boat belonging to Dieppe. There was at that time a large 
lugger privateer, the Vimereux of 14 four-pounders and 78 
men, including fifteen chosen grenadiers from the camp at 
Boulogne, lying at an anchor in the bay of St. Valery-en- 
Caux, close under a four-gun battery. This vessel had long 
infested the British trade, and it was highly desirable that she 
should be destroyed, as her superior sailing had hitherto en- 
abled her to escape our cruisers. Lieutenant Dalyell, ever 
anxious to signalize himself, and cut his way to farther pro- 
motion, earnestly requested permission to attack her. As 
the wind and weather were favorable for the enterprise, Cap- 
tain Mason yielded to his solicitations. Mr. Bourne, who 
had been his inseparable comrade in battle and captivity, 
eagerly offered to accompany him ; as did also acting Lieu- 
tenant Augustus Donaldson, commanding the Folkstone lug- 
ger, and Mr. William Richards, a midshipman of the Rat- 
tler. Of the other gallant fellows who volunteered their ser- 
vices, twenty-seven sailors were selected, eleven to go in 
the captured fishing-boat, with Lieutenant Dalyell and a 
Frenchman, who had agreed to act as a decoy to his country- 



See Suppl. Part I. p. 59 et seq. 



104 COMMANDERS. 

men ; eight in the Folkestone's boat, towed by the prize ; and 
eight in the Rattler's cutter, commanded by Mr. Bourne. 

It was a fine clear moon-light night. The sky was serene, 
and the firmament, gloriously studded, shed a silvery lustre 
over the rippling waves. When they arrived within hail, the 
watch on the deck of the lugger called out to know who came 
there. The Anglo-Frenchman answered, that the boat was 
No. 78, and belonged to Fecamp. " What's the master's 
name ?" rejoined the wary sentinel: the unfortunate fellow 
gave a name which some of his countrymen on board the 
vessel knew to be a false one. " Come on, come on my 
Iqds !" said the foe, " we know you are English. You ivill 
find us prepared !" 

In a moment, the weapons of destruction were got 
ready, and the attack was fiercely commenced, under a 
heavy fire of small arms from the privateer. Lieutenant 
Dalyell rapidly boarded on the larboard side, accompanied 
by Mr. Donaldson, and their nineteen men. The combat 
was extremely sanguinary, but in the course of five minutes 
the enemy were all driven below ; from whence, however, 
they fired a destructive volley through the main-deck and 
gratings, just as their gallant assailants were in the act of 
hoisting the foresail, having already cut the cable, and placed 
a man at the helm. The sentinels at the hatchways and six 
other persons, thus unexpectedly attacked, were shot dead ; 
the Frenchmen instantly regained their fooling on deck, and 
the battle so treacherously renewed was attended with vari- 
ous success, until at length, after a dreadful struggle of 
twenty minutes, the British were completely overpowered 
by dint of numbers. During this bloody conflict, Messrs. 
Dalyell and Donaldson, both of whom had been severely 
wounded as they rushed on board, fought most courageously, 
till successive strokes of the sabre felled them to the deck ; 
Mr. Bourne, who had failed in his attempt to board, and had 
therefore taken the vessel in tow, received a mortal wound ; 
and [of the other twenty-nine persons, by whom Lieutenant 
Dalyell had been accompanied to the attack of la Vimereux, 
six only escaped unhurt. Mr. Richards and ten or eleven 



COMMANDERS. 105 

wounded seamen reached their boats, but three of them died 
before they could be landed at Portsmouth : all the rest of 
the boarding party were either killed or taken prisoners. It 
afterwards appeared, that an arm-chest, full of loaded 
weapons, had been put below during a severe gale, on the 
day preceding the combat ; and to this circumstance alone 
could the discomfiture of Lieutenant Dalyell and his heroic 
followers be attributed. 

The enemy seeing the boats of the Rattler retreat, yet not 
daring to remain outside the harbour, now prepared to take 
their lugger over the bar at its entrance. Already they had 
begun to throw into the sea the bodies of the slain ; and two 
men taking hold of Lieutenant Dalyell, round his legs and 
shoulders, were in the act of heaving him overboard also, 
when one of them slipped, betrayed by the clotted gore, and 
fell on his side amongst the mingled mass of French and 
British blood. To this accident was the gallant officer in- 
debted for his life; for, just at that moment, the Rattler 
was seen working into the bay, and making signals with blue- 
lights, which so much alarmed the enemy that, instead of 
consigning him to a watery grave, he was pitched headlong 
down the main -hatch way. At this time he was quite sense- 
less, in which state he lay, without the least attention being 
paid to him, for at least a couple of hours. From the hold 
of the privateer, he was conveyed to a dark dungeon on shore, 
nearly surrounded by water, the floor of which was conse- 
quently in a very humid state, and, moreover, but scantily 
covered with straw. When the French military surgeons 
had dressed their wounded countrymen, they examined Lieu- 
tenant Dalyell, and considered his case so desperate that 
they were inclined to pass him over as one already dead : his 
head seemed hacked asunder, having received no less than 
nine sabre cuts ; his left foot was lacerated by a pistol ball ; 
he had no less than three other severe, and two slight, 
wounds. They therefore contented themselves with bind- 
ing a napkin round his head, and this was all that they could 
be prevailed upon to attempt in his behalf. 

On the 5th January, before noon, people entered the above 



106 COMMANDERS. 

dungeon, and informed the wounded prisoners that a cart 
was ready to remove them to an hospital at Dieppe. This 
journey, of about four leagues, would, in all probability, 
have terminated the sufferings of Messrs. Dalyell and Do- 
naldson, but Providence raised them up preservers in the 
midst of their country's foes. As two French sailors were 
lifting the former gentleman into the vehicle provided for his 
conveyance, the inhabitants of St. Valery, then returning 
from mass, stopped to behold this melancholy proof of the 
dire effects of war. His face was varnished, as it were, with 
congealed blood ; and the occasional movement of the mus- 
cles, cracking that external crust, the appearance of his skin 
below gave those fissures the resemblance of ghastly wounds. 
The spectators were clamorous that he and his friend, Do- 
naldson, should not be sent to the hospital. The foremost 
of those good Samaritans were Messrs. Angot (surgeon) and 
Leseigneur (merchant), both respectable inhabitants of St, 
Valery. They obtained permission of the commandant for 
the two officers to remain provisionally at an inn ; and they 
became responsible to the landlord for the payment of his 
charges, to the amount of 30/., observing, " If those 
gentlemen hate the means, they will repay us if not, it is 
only sacrificing a few hundred francs to charitable duties!" 
Those benevolent Frenchmen would willingly have received 
the gallant sufferers into their own houses ; but the dread of 
being considered as friendly to the British nation compelled 
them to refrain. 

Nearly a month elapsed before Lieutenant Dalyell was 
considered out of danger, and July arrived before he could 
leave his bed. During this long period, Mons. Angot was 
his constant, and only professional attendant ; to him alone 
was he indebted for one of the finest cures ever performed 
by the art of surgery. Whilst deriving benefit from the care 
and skill of that benevolent man, he was no less kindly che- 
rished by his other protector, and the females of both their 
families, who invariably treated him with as much tenderness 
as even his own mother and sisters could have done. When 
he was so far recovered as to be able to travel, Messrs. 



COMMANDERS. 107 

Angot and Leseigneur accompanied him to Rouen, where 
they obtained permission for him to rest several days, pre- 
vious to his proceeding, via Beauvois, Soissons, Rheims, and 
Chalons, to the ddpot for British prisoners at Verdun. 

All the intelligence that could be obtained from the wounded 
men who escaped to the Rattler, and survived, tending to 
confirm the belief that Lieutenant Dalyell was no more, 
Captain Mason, on the 15th Jan., 1805, wrote to Mr. 
(now Lieutenant-Colonel) Robert Dalyell, as follows : 

" It is with the most heartfelt sorrow I confirm the melancholy intelli- 
gence you have heard, of your gallant brother being missing 1 . I have a 
very faint hope that, although he was seen to fall after his sword broke, 
he may still be alive but I confess it is very faint. I sent a flag-of-truce 
to St. Valery last Saturday, to inquire if he is still alive ; but the unfeeling 
rascal of a commandant fired at us, instead of replying to my letter. If 
any thing can compensate his friends for his loss, it must be the knowledge 
of his having fallen, as he has ever lived, in the performance of gallant 
and glorious actions. In him I lose an officer I highly admired, and a 
friend I sincerely esteemed; and his country has to regret the loss of one 
of her best officers." 

In an official letter to Admiral Lord Keith, the commander 
othfe Rattler had previously thus expressed himself: 

" Among the missing from this ship is Lieutenant Dalyell, whose 
zeal, courage, and abilities have ever been eminently conspicuous : his 
premature death deprives his country of an officer who was an honor to 
the service." 

On the receipt of Captain Mason's letter, Lady Dalyell 
and the whole of her family and relatives went into mourning ; 
but their hearts were soon gladdened by the unexpected 
tidings, derived from le Vimereux, (which privateer was at 
length captured by a British frigate) that he for whom they 
had put on the sable weeds of death, was not only living 
but likely to do well. Some time afterwards, her ladyship's 
second son, John Graham Dalyell, Esq. informed his gallant 
brother, that the Patriotic Society at Lloyd's had voted him 
100 ; that he would assuredly be promoted, if at home j 
and that Government had set at liberty, on parole, the com- 
mander of le Vimereux, bis son, his brother, and the French 
surgeon, entirely on account of the care taken of him and 
Mr. Donaldson, at St. Valery. 



108 COMMANDERS. 

On the 20th July, 1805, a survey was taken of Lieutenant 
Dalyell's wounds, and the following certificate granted him : 

" These are to certify the Right Honorable the Lords Commissioners 
of the Admiralty, that we have carefully examined the wounds received 
by Lieutenant W. C. C. Dalyell, late of H.M. sloop Rattler; and that 
we have found the cicatrices of nine wounds in the head, from one of 
which several pieces of the cranium have been extracted ; one wound in 
the right shoulder ; one in the left leg ; one in the left foot by a pistol- 
ball, from which several pieces of bone have been taken away ; one in the 
right hand, which has greatly injured the use of two fingers ; and two 
other slight wounds; making in all fifteen : and we do further certify, that 
his general health has suffered materially, in consequence of the said 
wounds. Given under our hands at Verdun, 

(Signed) "E. L. GOWER, > . c H.M. late ship Shannon. 
" J. DRENTON, $ Ca P tains - } Minerve. 

" A. ALLEN, M.D.-N ,- 

" J. BELL, vSurgeons.J Shannon. 

" J. GRAHAM, J I Hussar." 

To this document was subsequently added as follows : 

" I do. further certify, that, besides the injury to the general health of 
Lieutenant W. C. C. Dalyell, in consequence of the above-mentioned 
wounds, the bones of his face are considerably injured, which lias deprived 
him in great part of the sight of his right eye, and, from the nature of 
the complaint, may remain so during life. Given under my hand this 
15th day of November, 1810. 

(Signed) " A. ALLEN, M. D. Surgeon to the British prisoners 

of War at Verdun." 

In reply to several applications made hy LientenantDalyell's 
friends and himself, for his exchange or enlargement on parole, 
letters, of which the following are translations, were written : 

" The Inspector-General of the Gendarmerie, Superior Commandant 
of Verdun, to Mr. Leveson Gower, Captain in the Royal British Navy, 
prisoner of war. 

" Verdun, 8th Feb. 1806. 

" Sir, I have transmitted to his Excellency the Minister of the Marine 
and Colonies, an exposition of the condition of Mr. Dalyell, and I have 
not forgotten to acquaint his Excellency of the number and extent of the 
wounds which that officer received in battle. It was impossible to address 
his Excellency in other than the most satisfactory terms of the honorable 
conduct of Mr. Dalyell at this ddpot, which I have certified to his Excel- 
lency. I have the honor, Sir, to assure you of my highest consideration 

(Signed) " WIRION." 



COMMANDERS. 109 

" Afarine.-^-Slh Division. Prisoner of War. 

"Paris, 24th Feb. 1806. 

t{ Sir, I have received your letter of the 7th instant, relative to your 
exchange. I hasten to inform you, that his Excellency the Minister of 
Marine has transmitted your petition, to the Minister of War, who is es- 
pecially charged with the police and superintendence of prisoners of war, 
and who alone can decide whether the numerous wounds you have re- 
ceived have reduced you to a state that may render it proper to permit 
your return to England. It is, therefore, to that minister your future 
communications on this business should be addressed. I have the honor 
to salute you, (Signed) " RIVIER, Chief of the 5th Division." 

" To Mr. Dalyell, Prisoner of War, Verdun." 

"Paris, ]st Sept. 180G. 

" Sir, I have received your letter, dated the 5th of last month, relative 
to the exchange of Mr. Dalyell, lieutenant of the British navy, for a French 
officer of the same rank. 

" However interesting the circumstances attending the case of this 
officer may be, it is impossible at present to do any thing in his favor : 
but the moment of any exchange, whether general or partial, I shall not 
fail most urgently to press compliance with this petition. I shall be the 
more zealous because it appears to be an affair wherein you are deeply 
interested. Receive, Sir, my assurances of sincere attachment. 

(Signed) " RIVIER, Chief of the 5th Division." 

" To Mons. Leseigneur, St. Valery-en-Caux" 

The Commissioners of the Transport Board, it appears, 
also made an application to the French Minister of Marine, 
offering to exchange any officer of equal rank for Lieutenant 
Dalyell ; but were unable to procure his release. The Due 
de Feltre, however, allowed him to go to the baths of 
Plombieres, for the benefit of his health ; and likewise to 
visit Paris, for the purpose of consulting an oculist. 

In 1812, Lieutenant Dalyell, mindful of the kind treatment 
he had received at St. Valery-en-Caux, wrote to the Chair- 
man of the above Board as follows : 

" Verdun, Jan. 8tk. 

" Sir, In taking the liberty of enclosing you a testimony of the gene- 
rous and benevolent exertions displayed by several respectable inhabitants 
of St. Valery-en-Caux, in Feb. 1807, towards the shipwrecked crews of 
H. M. gun-brig Inveterate and some merchant vessels, may I also be 
permitted to add the request Messrs. Leseigneur and Angot have made 
mej to solicit the Commissioners of the Transport Office to release two of 
their relations, Portz, on board the Crown Prince, at Chatham ; and 



110 COMMANDERS. 

Jacques Angot, at Lauder, in Scotland ; and that of their friends, to allow 
Thomas Frederic Cordonnier, taken as chief mate on hoard the Printems, 
in 1803, to be at large on parole, as also Mr. Ducomier, now on board the 
Crown Prince. I have been prompted to this, as a small mark of iny 
gratitude for the humane and kind attention 1 experienced from those 
good people, during a confinement at St. Vulery, of six months to toy 
bed. * * * * 1 have the honor to be, &c. 

(Signed) " W. C. C. DALYELL." 

" To Sir Rupert George, Bart., 
fyc. fyc. fyc." 

In reply to this application, Lieutenant Dalyell was in- 
formed that the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty had 
been pleased to allow " the unconditional release of Messrs. 
Portz and Angot, and moreover permitted Messrs. Cor- 
donnier and Ducomier to enjoy the liberty of parole in Eng- 
land, agreeably to his request." He was shortly afterwards 
appointed a member of the Council of Administration about 
to be organized in the de"p6t of the prisoners of war at Ver- 
dun ; than which a greater compliment could not have been 
paid him. On the 15th May, 1813, his friends at St. Valery 
transmitted the following memorial in his behalf, to the Due 
de Feltre, Minister of War : 

" Abraham Leseigneur, merchant, and Angot, physician, have 

the honor of representing to your Excellency, that Mr. William Dalyell, 
officer of the British navy, now at the de"p5t of Verdun, was made prisoner 
in this roadstead, in Jan. 1805, dangerously wounded, which lost him his 
liberty. It was owing to the care of your memorialists, and other inha- 
bitants of this town, that he was recalled to life. 

" The gratitude of that officer, and also of his family, has ever since 
been most conspicuous. To the prisoners belonging to our town, confined 
in Great Britain, they have never ceased to be useful, alleviating the misery 
of captivity, by succours conferred, or privileges procured. Your Excel- 
lency will acquire the conviction of the above facts by the enclosed letters 
from the Transport Office, and Mr. Seaman, purser of a prison -ship. To 
sura up all, Mr. Dalyell has just obtained the release of Messrs. Coin- 
manville, Angot, and Portz ; likewise the privilege of parole for Messrs. 
Cordonnier and Ducomier. 

" Animated by a becoming spirit of gratitude, and desirous of giving 
a particular proof to Mr. Dalyell, that shall demonstrate to England that 
Frenchmen yield nothing in point of generosity to their enemies, we unite 
ourselves in the honor of having recourse to your Excellency, entreating 
your Grace to take into consideration the essential services rendered 



COMMANDERS. Ill 

by Mr. Dalyell to our countrymen, and in return allow him, upon the 
express application we have now the honor of making, to return to his 
native country, upon such conditions as it may please your Excellency to 
determine. 

" In case your Excellency should not have it in your power to comply 
with our application to its whole extent, permit us to supplicate you to 
allow Mr. Dalyell six months' leave of absence, during which he might be 
empowered to return to the bosom of his family, where his presence, for 
the arrangement of his private affairs, is indispensably necessary. Should 
your Excellency require it, knowing the sentiments of honor and sincerity 
which animate that officer, we offer without fear to assume the responsi- 
bility that you may deem needful to impose for his re-appearance at the 
expiration of his leave of absence. Desirous of obtaining from your 
justice this act of benevolence, we claim it with the utmost confidence, 
and have the honor to be, with most profound respect, &c. &c. &c." 

In Dec. following, without any previous anticipation, 
Lieutenant Dalyell received from the Due de Feltre his pass- 
port to return to England ; which favor he attributed to the 
effects of the above memorial. Universally respected, it is 
not too much to say, that every one who knew him rejoiced 
in his good fortune. On this happy occasion, the then senior 
British naval officer at Verdun supplied him with a testi- 
monial thus worded : 

" This is to certify, that Lieutenant Dalyell, R. N. has conducted him- 
self, during his long captivity, in a regular gentleman-like manner ; that 
by the late commandant, Baron de Beauchesne, he was apppo'mted one 
of the Council of Administration, in which situation he took care, as far 
as lay in his power, that justice was done to his countrymen; and that I 
know, from the confidence the present commandant, Major de Meulan, 
has placed in him, he has been enabled to render important services to 
several of his fellow-prisoners. Given under my hand, at Verdun on the 
Meuse, the 20th of Dec. 1813. 

(Signed) " C. OTTER, Captain of H. M. late ship Proserpine." 

On the 17th Feb. 1814, a few days after his return to 
England, Lieutenant Dalyell was promoted to the rank of 
commander. The Committee of the Patriotic Fund soon 
afterwards presented him with a handsome sword, value 50 ; 
and on the 9th Mar. following, he was acquainted by Mr. 
Croker, that the Admiralty had " been pleased to confirm the 
pension of five shillings a day," which had been granted to 



112 COMMANDERS. 

him in August, 1811. On the receipt of this notification, he 
addressed a memorial to the Prince Regent, praying H.R.H. 
to grant him the arrears of that pension, from the period 
when he received his numerous severe wounds ; and on the 
23d of the same month, we find him thus addressing the 
Admiralty : 

" To the Right Honorable the Lords Commissioners, SfC. fyc. the humble 
Memorial of Captain W. Cunning-ham C. Daly ell, R. N., 

" SHEWETH,' That your Lordships' memorialist saw with sorrow and 
surprise the negative given on the 21st instant, to his prayer for the ar- 
rears of pension up to the period when he received his wound?. 

*' That when he applied for a pension, in 1805, he forwarded from 
Verdun the best possible proofs of his wounds, and the deteriorated state 
of his general health ; that the reply intimated that nothing could be done 
till your memorialist should first have arrived in England. 

" That in Nov. 1810, the negociation for an exchange of prisoners 
having been broken off, and seeing no prospect of a termination to his 
captivity, your memorialist applied to H. R. H. the Prince Regent for a 
pension, which was immediately granted, liable to being confirmed or 
revoked upon a re-survey at home ; that this re-survey having recently 
taken place, and his pension being confirmed, your Lordships' memorialist 
conceived that his claims extended back to the actual period of his being 
wounded, and which he must have enjoyed, as a matter of right, had he 
not fallen into the hands of the enemy. 

" Should a want of precedent be urged in support of the negative put 
upon his prayer, your memorialist would, with all deference, presume to 
suggest, that no precedent can be found of a wounded officer having re- 
mained nine years a prisoner in an enemy's country ; and he humbly 
entreats your Lordships to consider how severely he must feel the denial 
of a claim, which, as a matter of RIGHT, has been conceded to ARMY 
OFFICERS; in proof of which statement being correct, your memorialist, 
with all deference, refers your Lordships to the case of those British 
officers who were wounded at the battle of Talavera, and to whom pen- 
sions were granted during their sojourn as prisoners in France ; but, upon 
their return, and their pensions being confirmed, those officers received the 
FULL AMOUNT of THEIR respective pensions, from the day upon which their 
respective wounds had been inflicted. 

" Your memorialist therefore earnestly supplicates your lordships to re- 
consider his extremely hard case ; and, if requisite, advise H. R. H. the 
Prince Regent, to grant the whole arrears and not permit that captivity 
which stands without a parallel, to extend its calamitous effects beyond 
the personal sufferings the mental anguish the professional misfortunes 
which it has already caused him to endure. 

(Signed) " W. CUNNINGHAM C. DALYELL." 



COMMANDERS. 113 

We have only space for their Lordships' final answer :- 

" Admiralty Office, 2d April, 1814. 

"Sir, Having laid before my Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty 
your letter of the Slst uit. with its enclosure, in reference to your applica- 
tions of the 1/th and 23d of last month, for arrears of pension to be granted 
to you from the time of your being wounded in His Majesty's service, I 
have their Lordships' commands to acquaint you, that the request cannot 
be complied with. I am, Sir, your very humble servant, 

(Signed) " J. BARROW." 

" To Captain Daly ell, R. N." 

Thus was this gallant officer refused the payment of nearly 
600, a sum to which he then had, and still has, the justest 
claim. On the 27th Nov. 1815, the pensions previously 
granted to all naval officers, for wounds, loss of limbs, &c. 
having been augmented, agreeably to an order in council, he 
became entitled to one of 150 per annum, from the 1st of 
July preceding. 

We sincerely trust, that Commander Dalyell's health, 
though not even yet perfectly re-established, will, at no very 
remote period, enable him to resume the active duties of his 
profession ; and thereby qualify himself, (agreeably to the 
existing order in council,) for that rank to which he must 
naturally aspire. 

Commander Dalyell married, Sept. 19th, 1820, Maria, 
youngest daughter of A. T. Sampayo, of Peterborough House, 
Fulham, co. Middlesex, Esq., and has issue, one son and two 
daughters. His eldest brother, James, succeeded to the 
baronetage on the demise of his father, Oct. 10th, 1791 ; 
another, John Graham, is an advocate, and author of several 
works on antiquities, natural history, &c. ; Robert, whose 
name we have already mentioned, commenced his military 
career, and served in India, as a cavalry officer ; but after- 
wards joined the 43rd regiment, and was with that distin- 
guished corps in Denmark, and throughout the whole of the 
peninsular war, during which he was twice wounded. He 
returned home with Wellington's army, in 1814. 



VOL. IV. PART I. 



114 COMMANDERS. 

HON. THOMAS ROPER-CURZON. 

SECOND son of the present Lord Teynham, by his first 
wife, Bridget, daughter and co-heiress of Thomas Hawkins, 
of Nash Court, co. Kent, Esq. 

This officer was made a lieutenant in Feb. 1810 ; and pro- 
moted to his present rank on the 21st April, 1813. He mar- 
ried, in 1823, Charlotte Caroline, widow of R. Browne, Esq. 



ROBERT INCLEDON, ESQ. 

OBTAINED his first commission on the 28th Sept. 1807 > 
and was thus spoken of by Captain (now Sir Edward) 
Tucker, in two official letters, addressed to the commander- 
in- chief on the East India station, and reporting the capture 
of the islands of Amboyna, Ternate, &c. 

" February 20th, 1810. 

" I beg to recommend to your excellency's notice Lieutenant Incledon, 
first of the Dover, from whom I have received the greatest support through- 
out the whole of this service, particularly so on the day of action, when the 
other lieutenants were absent from the ship." 

" August 3lst, 1810. 

" With the conduct of every officer and man on board the Dover, dur- 
ing our attack on the batteries and Fort Orange, T am most perfectly sa- 
tisfied : to Lieutenant Incledon much praise is due." 

The above, and a series of other important services in 
which Mr, Incledon was engaged, whilst serving under Cap- 
tain Tucker, are detailed in Suppl. Part I. pp. 197 203. 
He obtained the rank of commander on the 4th May, 1813; 
and died at Gosport, co. Hants, in Nov. 1831. 



SAMUEL BRADSTREET HORE, ESQ. 

THIRD son of the late William Hore, of Harperstown, co. 
Wexford, Esq. by the only daughter of Sir Simon Bradstreet, 
Bart, whose wife was a sister to the Right Hon. Sir Henry 
Cavendish, Bart. 



COMMANDERS. 115 

This officer obtained his first commission in Oct. 1807; 
served as lieutenant of the Caesar 80, Captain Charles Rich- 
ardson, at the capture of Flushing, in Aug. 1809 * ; and was 
promoted to the command of the Fairy sloop, on the Cape 
station, May 13th, 1813. He married, Sept. 8th, 1821, Jane 
Caroline, youngest daughter of the late Richard Solly, of 
York Place, Portman Square, London, and grand-daughter 
of Sir Frederick Flood, Bart. His eldest brother, Walter 
Hore, Esq. enjoys the estate of Harper stown (granted to their 
ancestor in orabout the year 1160), and is married to a daugh- 
ter of the late Lord Ruthven. His second brother, William, a 
major in the 67th regiment, died in 1830. Those junior to 
himself are, Henry Cavendish, a lieutenant in the royal navy ; 
James Stopford, a commander, promoted to that rank in 
1828 ; and Thomas, a first lieutenant in the corps of royal 
engineeers f. His only sister is married to a clergyman of 
the established church. 



THOMAS SAVILLE GRIFFINHOOFE, ESQ. 

SERVED as midshipman under Captain (now Sir John P.) 
Beresford, in the Cambrian frigate, on the Halifax station ; 
and distinguished himself at the attack and capture of a 
Spanish privateer, by the tender belonging to that ship, in the 
river St Mary's, July 7th, 1805 J. He was made a lieutenant 
in Mar. 1808; promoted to the command of the Muros sloop, 
June 20th, 1813 ; and appointed to the Primrose 18, fitting 
out for the African station, Aug. 4th, 1827. After having 
long suffered under a pulmonary complaint, he died at the 
island of Ascension, Feb. 10th, 1830. 



* See Vol. II. Part II. p. 906, ei seq. 

f The grandfather of those gentlemen married Lady Anne Stopford, 
tlaughter of the first Earl of Courtown. 

\ See Supp. Part IV. p. 381. 

i 2 



116 COMMANDERS. 

CHARLES LESLIE FALKINER, ESQ. 

THIRD son of Sir Samuel Falkiner, Bart, by Sarah, daugh- 
ter of Charles Leslie, M. D. and grand-daughter of the Very 
Rev. Dean Leslie. 

This officer entered the royal navy in Jan. 1804, and 
served his time as midshipman, under Captains Henry Heath- 
cote and Pulteney Malcolm, in the Galatea frigate and Done- 
gal 74. Whilst belonging to the latter ship, he was often 
employed in her boats, when sent to annoy the enemy's trade 
on the coast of France ; and we also find him in the Hercule 
fire-ship, commanded by the first-lieutenant of the Donegal, 
at the attack made upon a French squadron in the road of 
Isle d'Aix, April llth, 1809*. For his conduct on that 
occasion, he was promoted as soon as eligible, by commis- 
sion dated Jan. 3d. 1810. 

'Mr. Falkiner's only appointment as lieutenant was to the 
Shannon frigate, Captain (now Sir Philip) Broke, under 
whom he served, on the Channel and Halifax stations, for a 
period of two years and eight months. It will be seen, on 
reference to pp. 376 and 379 of Vol. II. Part I., that he headed 
the main-deck boarders of that ship, at the capture of the 
American frigate Chesapeake, June 1st, 1813; and that he 
was left in charge of that gloriously obtained prize in conse- 
quence of his captain finding himself obliged by wounds to 
resign the command of the Shannon to her senior surviving 
lieutenant. After taking the prize into Halifax harbour, Mr. 
Falkiner returned home with despatches, and was immediately 
presented with a commander's commission, dated July 9th, 
1813 ; since which, however, he has not been employed. 



RICHARD BOOTH BOWDEN, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in April, 1802; and promoted 
from the Caledonia 120, bearing the flag of Sir Edward 
Pellew (no\v Viscount Exmouth), into the Gorgon hospital- 



* See Vol. I, Part I. p. 84, et seq. 



COMMANDERS. 117 

ship, on the Mediterranean station, Aug. 5th, 1813. He 
married the youngest daughter of the Rev. R. Hawker, D. D. 
Vicar of Charles, Devon; and became a widower in Nov. 
1824. 



ISAAC SHAW, ESQ. 

OBTAINS > the rank of lieutenant in June, 1801. We first 
find him serving under Captain (now Commodore) Charles 
Bullen, who "speaks in high praise of his gallantry," in 
command of the boats of la Volontaire frigate, at the capture 
and destruction of a fort near Marseilles, in 1809*. On the 
26th of Dec. 1811, that officer's successor reported to Vice- 
Admiral Sir Edward Pellew as follows : 

" H. M. S. Volontaire, off P alamos. 

" Sir, While off the Medas Islands this morning, a boat informed me 
that an enemy's schooner had arrived at this port the night before last. I 
immediately stood in and anchored off the mole, where she was lying. 
Lieutenant Shaw, with Mr. Banantyne, master's-mate, in the boats, went 
to bring her out, while the marines under Lieutenants Burton and Camp- 
bell, of that corps, admirably maintained a covering position on the mole- 
head, against a party of French troops, who disputed the post with them. 
As large reinforcements were pouring in from the adjacent garrisons, and 
the vessel was grounded, Lieutenant Shaw set fire to her ; but floating 
afterwards, he towed her out to us, when the fire was extinguished ; not, 
however, before it had done great damage. 

" She proves to be la Decide", a new privateer, mounting two long six- 
pounders, pierced for six, carrying a cargo of provisions from Cette to 
Barcelona. This service, so laudably performed by all employed, has, for- 
tunately, been attended with no other accident than one marine wounded. 
(Signed) " G. G. WALDEGRAVB." 

On the 29th of April, 1812, Lieutenant Shaw assisted at 
the capture and destruction of a French national schooner 
and twenty merchant vessels, near the mouth of the Rhone ;f 
and on the 23d of June following, he commanded the boats 
of the Volontaire, at the capture of a felucca, la Colombe, 
mounting one long gun and eight swivels, with a complement 



* See Vol. II. Part II. p. 596. 
t See Vol. II. Part II. p. 962. 



] 18 COMMANDERS. 

of 45 men. On this occasion, he had a midshipman and two 
sailors wounded ; of the enemy three were slain and seven 
wounded. On the 31st of Mar. 1813, Captain Waldegrave 
reported the capture and destruction of two strong batteries 
and fourteen merchant vessels, at Morjean, by detachments 
from the Volontaire, Undaunted, and Redwing, the whole 
under the command of Lieutenant Shaw ; who, on the 2d of 
May in the same year, was wounded whilst similarly em- 
ployed*. His promotion to the rank of commander took 
place on the 9th of Aug. 1813. 



WILLIAM HENRY HERRICK, ESQ. 

OBTAINED a lieutenant's commission in Feb. 1806; and 
commanded an armed pri/e schooner, attached to the squadron 
under Captain Sir Home Popham, during the disastrous ope- 
rations in the Rio de la Plata, in Aug. 1806. He subse- 
quently served in the West and East Indies, on which latter 
station he was promoted to his present rank, Aug. 17th, 
1813. 



JOHN KNILL KINSMAN, ESQ. 
APPEARS to have been employed, as an acting lieutenant, 
on the coast of Egypt, during the memorable campaign of 
1801. His first commission bears date Jan. 7th, 1802. We 
next find him serving under Sir Robert Laurie, in the Cleo- 
patra frigate, on the Halifax station ; and he is mentioned by 
that officer as having rendered him " every assistance" in the 
action between that ship and la Ville de Milan, Feb. 17th, 
1805 f. He obtained the rank of commander on the 17th of 
Sept. 1813 ; and died at the Royal Naval Hospital, Plymouth, 
in May, 1831. 

MAYSON WRIGHT, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant on the 1st of May, 1794 j and ap- 
pears to have been almost constantly employed, in the com- 

* See Suppl. Part I. p. 193, el seq. and Vol. I. Part II. p. 811, et seq. 
f See VoU L Part II. p. 834. 



COMMANDERS. 119 

ui and of various small vessels, from the year 1798 until the 
conclusion of the late war. On the 2d of Mar. 1801, being 
then in the Cobourg hired armed brig, he captured le Bien 
Venu, French privateer, of 14 guns, on the North Sea station; 
and in June, 1803, we find him making the following report 
to the commander-in-chief at Portsmouth : 

" Sir, I have the honor to acquaint you, that cruising, pursuant to 
your directions, in H. M. hired armed cutter Albion, of six guns and 
twenty-seven men ; at 3 p. M. 24th instant, we saw a cutter standing to- 
wards us ; made sail in chase ; at 5 we brought her to action, and, after a 
close engagement (within pistol-shot) of an hour and twelve minutes, she 
struck her colours, and proved to be the Marengo French privateer, of four 
guns and twenty-six men, belonging to Cherbourg ; there was not any 
person wounded on board the Albion, though we had a few shot in our 
hull, and one gun dismounted ; the enemy had three men wounded, one 
badly, and his sails and rigging cut to pieces. I have the honor to be, &c. 
(Signed) " MAYSON WRIGHT." 

" To Admiral Montagu." 

This officer obtained his present rank on the 7th of Oct. 
1813; and commanded the Albion of 12 guns, from that 
period until Jan. 1815. 



JAMES ROSE, ESQ. 

Knight of the Royal Swedish Order of the Sword. 

WE first find this officer serving under Captain (afterwards 
Admiral) George Losack, in the Jupiter, of 50 guns. He 
obtained the rank of lieutenant in Sept. 1796; and was 
wounded, on board the Ardent 64, Captain R. R. Burgess, at 
the memorable battle of Camperdown, Oct. llth, 1797*. In 
Feb. 1805, whilst commanding the Growler gun brig, he 
captured, after a running action of one hour and thirty 
minutes, a French national brig mounting two long 24- 
pounders, one long eighteen, and four swivels, with a com- 
plement of fifty men; and on the 25th of the following 
month, he succeeded in cutting off and securing two gun- 
boats, with twenty-seven men on board, forming part of a 



* See Vol. I. Part I. p. 150, a seq. 



120 COMMANDERS. 

division of flotilla, proceeding through the Passage du Raz. 
In July, 1807, the Growler, then attached to the block- 
ading squadron in the Pertuis Breton, assisted at the capture 
and destruction of two armed chasse" niarees and twenty other 
coasting vessels*. 

Lieutenant Rose subsequently commanded the Crown 
prison-ship, in Portsmouth harbour, and the Hearty gun- 
brig, on the Heligoland station ; where he was serving when 
promoted to his present rank, Oct. 7th, 1813. The opera- 
tions in which he was principally engaged, whilst thus em- 
ployed, have been detailed in our memoirs of Captains John 
M'Kerlie, John Marshall, Arthur Farquhar, &c. The 
Order of the Sword was conferred upon him for his conduct 
at the siege of Gluckstadt. Mrs. Rose, to whom he was 
married when only a midshipman, died in Jan. 1810. 



FRANCIS BANKS, ESQ. 

Knight of the Imperial Russian Order of St. Anne, and of the Royal 
Swedish Order of the Sword. 

IN April, 17^8, this officer, then commanding the Garland, 
tender to the flag-ship of the commander-in-chief at the Lee- 
ward Islands, captured, near Dominica, the French privateer 
la Jeune Nantaise, of 4 guns and 39 men. His first com- 
mission bears date Nov. 24th, 1798. We next find him 
commanding the Blazer gun-brig, on the Heligoland station, 
where he captured several Danish privateers and merchant 
vessels, in the year 1809. The following are copies of two 
official letters addressed by him to John Wilson Croker, Esq. 
dated off Cuxhaven, Mar. 16th and 17th, 1813 : 

f ' Sir,-^I beg to inform you, for the information of the Lords Commis- 
sioners of the Admiralty, that, from the intelligence communicated to me 
by the Lieut.-Governor of Heligoland, and what I otherwise learned by the 
arrival of vessels from the continent, of the distressed state of the French 
forces at Cuxhaven, and of the entrance of a Russian army into Ham- 
burgh, I judged it expedient to take the Brevdrageren under my orders, 
and proceeded to the river Elbe, which I entered early this morning (16th) 

* See Suppl. Part I. p. -452. 



COMMANDERS. 121 

with the hope of intercepting such of the enemy's vessels as might attempt 
to make their escape; two of the gun-vessels we found deserted in the en- 
trance of this river, and were afterwards destroyed ; on a nearer approach 
to this place, I observed some were burning, others were sunk, and drift- 
ing about in all directions ; and I have the satisfaction to inform you of 
the total destruction of the French flotilla that was stationed at Cuxhaven, 
which were twenty large gun schuyts : the timely appearance of H. M. 
brigs prevented the escape of two, and I firmly believe, led to the destruc- 
tion of the rest by their own hands : the Hamburgh flag is displayed on the 
batteries and castle of Ritzbuttel, and I intend to gain a communication 
with the shore. I am, &c. 

(Signed) "F. BANKS." 

" Sir, I beg leave to acquaint you, for the information of my Lords 
Commissioners of the Admiralty, that, having had communication with the 
civil authorities of Ritzbuttel, they expressed a desire that I would take 
possession of the batteries that had lately been evacuated by the French. I 
accordingly, this morning (17th) disembarked the small detachment of 
thirty-two of the Royal Veteran battalion, from Heligoland, and took pos- 
session of Cuxhaven battery. Fort Napoleon, which is half a mile higher 
up the river, I shall order to be destroyed. Every thing in these forts is in 
disorder ; the guns dismounted, the carriages and stores destroyed. From 
what I have been able to observe this day, all is anarchy and confusion 
among the inhabitants, but they lejoiced much at a few English being 
landed. No senate as yet is formed at Hamburgh, nor do I hear of the 
Russian army having entered that city ; whenever that can be ascertained, 
I shall communicate this event to the commanding officer there. 

" The French withdrew from this place yesterday morning at five o'clock; 
their collective force was about twelve hundred ; they made their retreat 
by Bederkesa to Bremen. 

" I enclose a copy of the articles concluded on between the civil authori- 
ties and myself; I shall forward a list of military and other stores the mo- 
ment I am able. I have the honor to be, &c. 

(Signed) "F. BANKS." 

" Articles concluded between the Civil Authorities of Ritzbuttel and Lieut. 
F. Banks, commanding H. M's forces in the river Elbe. 

"The Hamburgh flag shall be hoisted in conjunction with the British, at 
the French batteries near Cuxhaven, until his Britannic Majesty's pleasure 
is known. All military and other stores, belonging to the French, shall 
be delivered up to the English. 

" The British troops shall take immediate possession of the batteries, 
and garrison the same. 

"Executed on board H. M.'s brig the Blazer, this 17th March, 1813." 



122 COMMANDERS. 

Brevdrageren's galley captured, near Brunsbuttel, on the 
Hanoverian side of the Elbe, two Danish gun-boats, each 
mounting two long 18-pounders and three 12-pounder car- 
ronades, with a complement of 25 men. This dashing ser- 
vice was performed by eighteen sailors, under the directions 
of Lieutenant Thomas B. Devon, commander of the Brev- 
drageren, and Mr. Dunbar, second master of the Blazer, at a 
distance of six leagues from the anchorage of those brigs*. 

On the 7th of Oct. following, Lieutenant Banks was pro- 
moted to his present rank, and ordered to retain the com- 
mand of the Blazer, then rated a sloop of war. For his sub- 
sequent services, at the sieges of Cuxhaven and Gluckstadt, 
he was presented with the Orders of St. Anne and the Sword.f 



TIMOTHY SCRIVEN, ESQ. 

A Companion of the Most Honorable Military Order of the Bath. 

THIS gallant officer was a native of Lyme, co. Dorset ; and 
appears to have commenced his nautical career in the mer- 
chant service. At the commencement of the French revolu- 
tionary war, he had the misfortune to be taken by the 
enemy ; and we find him a prisoner on board the Jemmappe 
80, bearing the flag of Rear-Admiral Richery, when that ship 
was beaten off by a Spanish 74, near the bay of Rosas, with 
the loss of several men killed and wounded. 

The Jemmappe was then on her passage from Brest to 
Toulon, at which latter place Mr. Scriven was landed and 
marched off for Digne, where he endured very great hard- 
ships during a close confinement of about twenty months. 
At the end of that time, he was re-conducted to Touloia ; 
from whence, having been exchanged, he proceeded first to 
Corsica ; then to Leghorn hospital, to recruit his strength j 
and finally joined the Agamemnon 64, commanded by the 
matchless Nelson, under whom he served, as a volunteer, for 
nearly twelve months. 

* See Vol. III. Part I. p. 232, et teq. 
t See Sappl. Part III. p. 251 and 390, et teq. 



COMMANDERS. 123 

In Sept. 1796) Mr* Scriven was received, as midshipman, 
on board the Montagu 74, Captain (afterwards Sir John) 
Knight, to whom he had been recommended by Admiral 
Lord Bridport. During the mutiny at the Nore, he made an 
attempt to escape on shore in one of her boats, and had suc- 
ceeded in passing five or six other ships, under a heavy fire 
of round and grape-shot, before he was overtaken. After re- 
maining for some time with both legs in irons, he was tried 
by a court-martial composed of delegates (the chief ringleader, 
Parker, officiating as president), when, strange as it may ap- 
pear, he obtained a sentence of honorable acquittal, " in 
consequence of the persevering gallantry evinced by himself 
and his companions, six in number, in their endeavour to 
reach Sheerness." 

The Montagu formed part of the fleet under Admiral Dun- 
can, at the memorable battle of Camperdown, Oct. llth, 
1797*' We have only to add, that Mr. Scriven's services in 
that ship comprised a period of nearly five years, during 
which "his general good conduct and enterprising spirit, 
particularly on various occasions of boat service," obtained 
him the most flattering testimonials. In July, 1801, he was 
rated master's-mate of the Goliath 74, Captain (afterwards 
Sir William) Essington ; and in the course of the same year, 
the following letter respecting him was addressed to Earl St. 
Vincent, then at the head of the Admiralty : 

" My Lord, Having seen your secretary's letter to Mr. Scriven, a 
supernumerary on board the Orion, under my command, saying it is 
necessary that the captains he has sailed with should pledge themselves 
for his good conduct, and fitness to serve as a lieutenant ; I beg leave to 
inform your lordship, that during the time I commanded H. M. ship 
Montagu, Mr. Scriven was one amongst the very few of the petty-officers 
who conducted themselves to my satisfaction. He is a very correct, atten- 
tive, sober young man ; therefore I beg leave to recommend him to your 
lordship's attention. I have the honor to be, &c. 

(Signed) " ROBERT CUTHBERT, Captain." 

Mr. Scriven subsequently served as supernumerary on 
board the Sans Pareil 80, commanded by Captain Essington; 



* See Vol. I. Parti, p. 150, et sey. 



121 COMMANDERS. 

and as admiralty midshipman, under Commodore Samuel 
Hood, with whom he proceeded to the Leeward Islands, in 
the Ulysses 44, of which ship he was appointed an acting 
lieutenant, Dec. 24th, 1802. His first commission bears 
date Mar. 28th, 1803. 

Soon after this advancement, Mr. Scriven had an attack of 
yellow fever, and was obliged to return home, from Antigua 
hospital, for the recovery of his health. His next appoint- 
ment was, Mar. 24th, 1804, to the Thunder bomb, Captain 
George Cocks, under whom he saw much active service on 
the Mediterranean station. 

In July, 1805, the Thunder captured a small vessel called the 
Sparrownaro, armed with one two-pounder ; and Lieutenant 
Scriven immediately volunteered to command her as a tender, 
with a crew consisting of only seven men and a boy. On 
rounding a point of land, near the straits of Bonifacio, he 
found himself within half-musket-shot of a French privateer, 
mounting one eighteen-pounder and four four-pounders, with 
no less than sixty-nine men. The desperate defence he made 
excited the admiration of the enemy, who not only liberated 
his prisoners without exchange, but also granted their gallant 
leader a certificate as follows : 

" I, Antony Clavelli, captain commanding the French privateer Belle 
Louise, certify and attest, that Mr. Timothy Scriven, late commanding 
the Sparrownaro, conducted himself during my pursuit of him, and in the 
action which ensued, in a manner which distinguished him as a man of 
bravery and honor ; and that it was not till after having fired upon him a 
dozen cannon loaded with grape and round, numerous vollies of musketry, 
and our being ou the point of boarding with a force so very considerably 
greater than that of the Sparrownaro's, that he struck his colours. I cer- 
tify further, that the above mentioned chase and action continued for the 
space of two hours. In faith of which, I hereby sign this certificate to all 
whom it may concern. 

" Cagliara, Sardinia, the \9th July, 1805. 

(Signed) " CLAVELU." 

Mr. Scriven continued in the Thunder until Aug. 1807, 
when he was nominated flag-lieutenant to his friend Rear- 
Admiral Essington, then holding a command in the grand 
armament destined against Copenhagen* Shortly after his 



COMMANDERS. 125 

return from thence, he was appointed to the Hercule 74, 
Captain the Hon. John (now Lord) Colville, on the Lisbon 
station. His subsequent appointments as lieutenant were, 
Dec. 30th, 1808, to the Vestal 28, Captain Edwards Lloyd 
Graham, refitting at Woolwich ; Aug. 2d, 1810, to be first 
of the Pallas 32, Captain the Hon. George Cadogan ; Nov. 
12th following, to command the Active cutter, of six guns 
and twenty-four men, stationed off Flushing, where he was 
kept constantly on the alert; Sept. 16th, 1811, to the Ar- 
row schooner, mounting twelve twelve- pounder carronades, 
with a complement of fifty men ; and, June 4th, 1813, to 
the Telegraph schooner, of similar force. 

On the 8th May, 1812, Lieutenant Scriven drove on shore, 
near the Penmarks, 1'Aigle French cutter privateer, and to- 
tally destroyed her prize, a large English West Indiaman. 
On the 27th Dec. following, after an anxious pursuit of three 
days, he brought to action and completely silenced le Dili- 
gente, a large brig, mounting sixteen twenty-four-pounder 
carronades and two long twelves, commanded by Mons. Gras- 
sin, a member of the legion of honor, and said to have had on 
board at least 160 men, including a number of American sailors. 
This formidable privateer, which, availing herself of the 
Arrow's inferior sailing, escaped into the river Loire, had 
just before captured H. M. schooner Laura, of twelve guns 
and 41 men. 

On the 30th Jan. 1813, Lieutenant Scriven captured seven 
and destroyed three French coasting vessels, near Noirmou- 
tier. On the 12th Aug. following, he had the good fortune 
to make prize of an American armed schooner, the Ellen and 
Emmeline, laden with silks and other valuable merchandize, 
from Nantz bound to New York. On the 7th Oct. in the 
same year he was promoted to the rank of commander, and 
re-appointed to the Telegraph, then rated a sloop of war. 
Six days after this, he assisted at the destruction of le Flibus- 
tier, French national brig, having on board arms, ammuni- 
tion, provisions, and money, for the garrison of Santona *. 



* See Suppl. Part. III. p. 370, et seq. 



126 COMMANDERS. 

Commander Scriven was next employed on the Halifax 
station, where he destroyed the famous American privateer 
Syren, much superior in force to the Telegraph. This ma- 
rauder was fallen in with under Cape May, on her return 
from a six months cruise, with a valuable collection of plun- 
der from many prizes taken and burnt in the British and St. 
George's Channels. An action. of forty minutes, in which 
the Telegraph sustained no loss, was terminated by the sink- 
ing of the enemy. 

Commander Scriven was nominated a C. B. in Sept. 1815, 
arid about the same time removed to the Heron 18, the offi- 
cers of which sloop, on his supercession in July, 1816, pre- 
sented him with a handsome silver vase, bearing a compli- 
mentary inscription. On the 20th Dec. 1817> be was appoint- 
ed to the Erne 20 ; and shortly afterwards, he nearly lost his 
right' hand, whilst exerting himself to save that ship from 
impending destruction, in Dublin bay. On the 1st June 
1819, he had the misfortune to be wrecked on one of the 
Cape Verd Islands, from whence he was conveyed with 
his officers and crew, in a Portugueze vessel, to Barbadoes. 
On his return home, in the Columbo transport, Aug. 14th, 
1819, he found that his name had been included in the list of 
officers promoted to post rank only two days before ; but 
owing to the loss of the Erne, for which he appears to have 
been censured by the sentence of a court-martial, on the 20th 
of the same month, his commission was cancelled; and he 
had the mortification to pass the remainder of his days with- 
out any further employment. 

During the time that this gallant gentleman commanded 
the Arrow and Telegraph, he captured no less than 5047 tons 
of the enemy's shipping. In the course of his services he 
was twice wounded, without reporting it. He is represented 
by those who knew him as an officer who ever studied the 
comfort and happiness of his inferiors. Cool in the midst of 
danger, and never indulging in passion or invective, it was a 
general observation of his officers and men, " how happy we 
all are ;" and a smile was ever to be seen on the countenance 
of each. The unfortunate winding up of his professional ca- 



COMMANDERS. 

reer was naturally attended with the most heart-rending feel- 
ings, and served to embitter the last moments of his existence. 
He died, we believe, at Jersey, after a severe and lingering 
illness, March 25th, 1824, leaving a widow and four children 
to lament his loss. Mrs. Scriven is a niece to the late Ed- 
ward Harris, Esq. a Commissioner of the Navy Board. 



WILLIAM RUSH JACKSON, ESQ. 

PASSED his examination, and obtained a lieutenant's com- 
mission, in Dec. 1807. He was made a commander on the 
20th Oct. 1813. 



HENRY LOWCAY, ESQ. 

SON of a respectable warrant officer, who died at Ports- 
mouth, Feb. 5, 1827, aged 87 years. 

Mr. HENRY LOWCAY entered the royal navy previous to 
the Spanish armament, and served as midshipman on board 
the Duke 98, successively commanded by Captains Robert 
Kingsmill, Robert Calder, and John Knight (and bearing 
the flags of Vice-Admiral Roddam and Admiral Lord Hood), 
in 1791 and 1792. On the 27th Aug. in the latter year, he 
was discharged, by particular desire of his lordship, into the 
Juno 32, Captain Samuel Hood, then employed in attendance 
on King George III. at Weymouth, but subsequently as a 
cruiser in the Channel, where she captured several of the 
enemy's privateers and other vessels, at the commencement 
of the French revolutionary war. 

The Juno was next ordered to the Mediterranean, and 
formed part of the squadron under Commodore Linzee, at the 
capture of St. Fiorenzo, in Corsica, Feb. 19th, 1794 *. Her 
previous extraordinary escape from Toulon harbour has been 
described in our memoir of Captain W. H. Webley Parry, 
Vol. II. Part II. pp. 645648. 



* See Vol. I. Part I. p. 250. 



128 COMMANDERS. 

On the 6th Mar. 1794, Mr. Lowcay followed Captain Hood 
into 1'Aigle 36, in which frigate he was present at the re- 
duction of Calvi, a service effected on the I Oth Aug. 1794, 
after a siege of fifty-one days *. 

During the whole of 1 795, Captain Hood had the command 
of a small detachment in the Archipelago, for the purpose of 
protecting the trade, and watching an enemy's squadron of 
superior force. In April 1796, he was appointed to the Zea- 
lous 74 } and again followed by Mr. Lowcay, whom we find 
serving as a volunteer at the attack made by Nelson upon 
Santa Cruz, in the island of Teneriffe, July 24th, 1797t' 
On this occasion, our young officer appears to have had a 
very narrow escape ; theboat under his command having been 
sunk, and one of her crew killed, by the enemy's first shot. 
In consequence of this disaster^ he was obliged to swim to 
the shore, under a tremendous fire of round, grape, and mus- 
ketry ; nor was it until after he had repeatedly been washed 
away from the beach, by the very heavy surf, that he suc- 
ceeded in effecting a landing. He then joined Captain Hood, 
and remained by his side, as aide-de-camp, during the whole 
of the subsequent proceedings. 

On the 5th Oct. following, Mr. Lowcay joined the Ville 
de Paris, first rate, bearing the flag of Earl St. Vincent ; by 
whom, on the 25th Dec. in the same year, he was appointed 
acting lieutenant of the Culloden 74, Captain Thomas Trou- 
bridge. 

After the battle of the Nile {, we find Mr. Lowcay daily 
volunteering his services to intercept the enemy's boats at- 
tempting to pass from Rosetta to Alexandria, with provisions, 
letters, &c. Many of them he succeeded in capturing, and 
the sick and wounded of the British fleet were thus supplied 
with refreshments which could not otherwise have been pro- 
cured : he also recovered possession of a quantity of church 
plate taken from Malta, part of which was afterwards pre- 



* See Vol. I. Part I. p. 252. 

f See id. note at p. 391, et seq. 

J See Vol. I. Parti, p. 18.3. 



COMMANDERS. 129 

gented to Captain Troubridge by the authorities of that 
island. 

The Culloden was next employed on the coast of Tuscany, 
and from thence sent to blockade Alexandria, off which port 
she continued until Mar. 5th, 1/99. On her return to Pa- 
lermo, Captain Troubridge was entrusted with the command 
of a squadron destined against Procida, Ischia, and Capri ; 
which islands were recovered from the French, and restored 
to His Sicilian Majesty, before the end of April *. In June 
following, the same able and gallant officer was selected by 
Nelson to direct the combined operations then about to be 
commenced against the fortresses of St. Elmo, Capua, and 
Gaieta ; by the reduction of which the kingdom of Naples 
was, for a time, " liberated from anarchy and misery." Lieu- 
tenant Lowcay having acted as one of his aides-de-camp dur- 
ing those operations, we shall here give his official account 
of the siege of St. Elmo, together with an outline of his sub- 
sequent proceedings : 

" Antigmano, near St. Elmo, July \3(h, 1799. 

" My Lord, Agreeable to your lordship's orders, I landed with the 
English and Portuguese marines of the fleet, on the 27th June ; and after 
embarking the garrisons of Uovo and Nuovo, composed of French and 
rebels, I put a garrison in each, and, on the 29th, took post against Fort 
St. Elmo, which I summoned to surrender. The commandant (Mejan) 
being determined to stand a siege, we opened a battery of three 36- 
pounders and four mortars, on the 3d instant, within 700 yards of the 
castle; and, on the 5th, another, of two 36-pounders. The Russians, 
under Captain Baillie, opened another battery of four 36-pounders and 
four mortars, against the opposite angle, intending to storm it in different 
places as soon as we could make two practicable breaches in the work. 
OH the 6th, I added four more mortars ; and on the 1 1 th, by incessant labour, 
we opened another battery of six 36-pounders within ISO yards of the wall 
of the garrison, and had another of one 18-pounder and two howitzers, at 
the same distance, nearly completed. After a few hours' cannonading 1 
from the last battery, the enemy displayed a flag of truce, when our firing 
ceased, and their guns being mostly dismounted, and their works nearly 
destroyed, the terms of capitulation were agreed to and signed. * * * 
* * *. The very commanding situation of St. Elmo, rendered our ap- 



* See Vol. II. Part II. p. 824, el 
VOL. IV. PAKT I. K 



130 COMMANDERS. 

preaches difficult, or I trust it would have been reduced much soon- 
er. * * *. (Signed) " 

" Right Hon. Lord Nelson, K. B. 



On this occasion, the loss of the allies amounted to 37 offi- 
cers and men killed, and 85 wounded. Lord Nelson, in a 
letter to his commander-in-chief, says, "The very great 
strength of St. Elmo, and its formidable position, will mark 
with what fortitude, perseverance, and ability the combined 
forces must have acted." 

The siege of Capua next ensued, and was crowned with 
equal success. On the 19th July, a party of Swiss, com- 
manded by Colonel Tschudy, some Neapolitan cavalry under 
General Acton, two corps of infantry under General Bouchard 
and Colonel Gams, accompanied by the British and Portu- 
guese seamen and marines, began their march from Naples, and 
were followed by a body of Russians. During that night and 
the next day, all the troops, &c. arrived at Caserta, and were 
employed in reconnoitring the ground and erecting batteries : 
with their head-quarters at St. Angelo. The enemy's force, 
under General Girardon, consisted of about 1200 French in- 
fantry, 50 cavalry, 600 Cisalpines, and 200 rebels. On the 
25th, the trenches were opened, with one battery within five 
hundred yards of the glacis. In private letters to Nelson, 
Troubridge said, 

"Our battery was finished by four o'clock yesterday afternoon, but I 
did not think it advisable to open until this morning, at half-past three 
o'clock. After three rounds from the guns and mortars, I sent Hallowell 
to propose the terms your lordship directed. They answered, they could 
not surrender, and hardly believed that St. Elmo was taken : nothing but 
the sight of Mejan's signature could make them believe it. Our batteries 
are again opening ; but the powder is so bad, that the shells hardly breach ; 
many fall short, though not above three hundred toises ; I really suspect 
some treachery. If your lordship could spare us forty casks of our pow- 
der it would be very useful for the mortars. If you comply, it will be 
necessary that some person belonging to us should accompany it, or they 
will steal one half and change the other. I have moved the camps, to 
enable us to erect two more batteries in a very commanding situation, 
within two hundred yards of the work. July 26th, 1799, eight A. M. 
As there is no dependence to be placed on the metal of the Neapolitan 



COMMANDERS. 



131 



inortars, I submit to your lordship if we had better get our 10 -inch sea 
mortars fitted in land beds. Pray lend us all the spades and iron shovels 
from the ships ; the tools those country people have, work too slow for 
us. Nine P. M. We gain ground daily. If we can complete the trench 
to-night, for two batteries of four guns each, I think, with the mortars, to 
bring the governor to his senses. The difficulty is, to get the workmen 
to stand a little fire. July 27th, 2 p. M.- The French sent out this morn- 
ing, in their usual way, demanding protection for the patriots; I answered, 
inadmissible, and offered the terms of St. Elmo, and to include Gaieta in 
the capitulation. They desire until to-morrow morning, to hold a council. 
July 28th, I have the honor to enclose your lordship a copy of the ca- 
pitulation. I had gone too far before your letter reached me, at midnight, 
to insist on Gaieta. The governor offers, if His Sicilian Majesty will let 
that garrison take their arms, he will give orders for its immediate evacu- 
ation. July 29th, There are immense quantities of powder and fine ord- 
nance. Colonel Gams has just sent me word, that he is obliged to form 
a hundred stratagems to get clear of the Calabrese; these vagabonds 
have killed sixteen of their officers within this month." 

In his official letter, Captain Troubridge expressed himself 
much indebted to Captains Benjamin Hallowell and James 
Oswald, to whose abilities and exertions he attributed the 
reduction of Capua in so short a time, " as they staid night 
and day in the field to forward the erecting of the batteries." 
Lieutenant Lowcay was also highly praised. The ordnance, 
&c. taken at this place amounted to 118 pieces of cannon, 
12,000 muskets, 414,000 musket cartridges filled, and 67,848 
pounds of gunpowder in casks. In Gaieta, which fortress 
surrendered by capitulation on the 2d of August, were found 
58 battering brass guns, 12 iron ditto, 2 brass field-pieces, 
and 19 mortars for ramparts. 

The subsequent expulsion of the French republicans from 
the Roman territory has been noticed in Vol. I. Part II. p. 476 
et seq., and Vol. II. Part II. p. 829 et seq. On the termina- 
tion of these arduous operations, Lieutenant Lowcay was 
sent by Captain Troubridge, from Naples, in an open boat, to 
Palermo, with despatches for Nelson, and the different colours 
which had been taken from the enemy. The latter he had 
the honor of presenting to His Sicilian Majesty, and received 
in return a valuable diamond ring. 

The Culloden continued in the Mediterranean until the 

K 2 



132 COMMANDERS. 

summer of 1800, when she returned to England and was put 
out of commission. Mr. Lowcay's next appointment appears 
to have been to the Prince of Wales 98, bearing the flag of 
Sir Robert Calder, in which ship he was present at the capture 
of two Spanish third rates, July 22d, 1805*. He afterwards 
served as flag-lieutenant to Rear-Admiral (now Sir George) 
Martin, at Portsmouth j and in 1810, rejoined Sir Robert, on 
his assuming the chief command at Plymouth. By the latter 
officer he was successively appointed acting commander of the 
Favorite, Sealark, and Achates, sloops ; and on the flag of his 
patron being struck, he obtained his present rank ; his com- 
mission bearing date Oct. 29th. 1813. His brothers, William 
and Robert, are lieutenants in the royal navy. 



WILLIAM MURLEY, ESQ. 

"';..... * 

- PASSED his examination in May 1808 ; and was made a 
lieutenant on the 29th of the ensuing month. His promotion 
to the rank of commander took place Oct. 29th, 1813. 



MATTHEW JAMES POPPLEWELL, ESQ. 

SON of the late Mr. Thomas Popplewell, a master in the 
royal navy. This officer was made a lieutenant on the 22d 
Jan. 1806} and advanced to his present rank Nov. 6th, 1813. 



HENRY BOURNE, ESQ. 

PASSED his examination in Dec. 1807 j obtained a com- 
mission on the 4th Jan. 1808; and was praised by Captain 
(now Sir Jahleel) Brenton for his " exemplary conduct and 
gallantry," as junior lieutenant of the Spartan frigate, under 
that officer's command, in action with a Neapolitan squadron, 
May 3d, 1810f. He was made a commander on the 6th 
Nov. 1813 ; and granted a pension for wounds, the present 
amount of which is ^150 per annum, Feb. 28th, 1815. 

* See Vol. I. Part I. p. 405. f See Vol. II. Part I. p. 268 et seq . 



COMMANDERS. 133 

THOMAS SYKES, ESQ. 

OBTAINED a lieutenant's commission on the 14th Mar. 
1799; and was first of the Tartar 32, commanded by Captain 
George Edmund Byron Bettesworth, when that gallant officer 
lost his life in action with a Danish flotilla, on the coast of 
Norway, May 15th, 1808. The particulars of the said en- 
gagement are given in the following extract of a letter from 
an officer on board the Tartar, dated May 20th, 1808: 

" We sailed from Leith on the 10th inst. to cruise off North Bergen 
and intercept a frigate, said to be in that harbour. We got on the coast 
on the 12th, but, from the very thick fogs, could not stand in till the 15th, 
when we made the islands to the westward of Bergen. On our hoisting 
Dutch colours, there came off twelve Norwegians in two boats, from 
whom we learnt that the frigate had sailed eight days before, for the East 
Indies, with three or four ships under her convoy. They took us through 
a most intricate rocky passage, till within five or six miles of Bergen, when 
they refused to pilot us any further. It being the captain's intention to 
reach the town with the frigate and bring off the shipping, among which 
were three privateers, we anchored in the straits, with springs on our 
cables, and in the evening, the boats, with the captain, first and third lieu- 
tenants, and master, went up to the town, and would probably have cut 
out an East Indiaman lying under the battery, had not the guard-boat, 
which was without her, fell in with and fired on the launch, who returned 
the fire, wounding all their people severely, and took her : this alarmed 
the enemy on shore, who sounded their bugles, and manned the batteries j 
and we finding the ships lie within a chain, without which it would be dif- 
ficult to get them, returned to the frigate, leaving the launch, commanded 
by Lieutenant Sykes, to watch the enemy. We immediately got the ship 
under weigh, but from the lightness of the wind, and intricacy of the pas- 
sage, could not get near Bergen ; and when about half way from our 
anchorage, in a narrow rocky strait, without a breath of wind, and a strong 
current; in this situation, we were attacked by a schooner and five gun- 
boats, within half gun shot, lying under a rocky point, each mounting two 
24-pounders, except the schooner, and manned with troops. They kept 
up a well-directed fire, hulling us in ten or eleven places, and cutting much 
our rigging and sails. One of their first shot killed our gallant captain, in 
the act of pointing a gun. The service has thus lost a most valuable 
commander, who had attached the whole of his officers and men to him, 
by the most kind and exemplary conduct. Although the force with which 
we were engaged was comparatively small, yet when it is known that we 
were at this time drifting towards the enemy, nearly end on, no wind, a 



134 



COMMANDERS. 



narrow passage full of rocks, on which we were driving, with no anchorage, 
under heights manned by their troops, no guns to bear on the boats, and a 
crew newly impressed, most of whom had never been engaged, it must be 
confessed to have been a situation in which nothing but the greatest exertions 
on the part of Lieutenant Herbert Caiger (then commanding), and the rest 
of the officers, could relieve her. We at length brought our broadside to 
bear on them ; one vessel was sunk, and the rest much shattered. They 
continued the attack for an hour and a half, and were re-manned, by small 
boats, during it : at length, a light air sprung up ; we wore and stood to- 
wards the enemy, getting our bow guns forward, which bore on them, and 
compelled them to bear up, and row under the batteries of Bergen, where 
we found it would not be advisable to follow, from the general alarm that 
had been raised. We now obliged the natives on board to attempt a pas- 
sage with the ship to the northward, in prosecuting which, we fell in with 
our launch and picked her up. We passed many difficult passages, through 
which we boomed the frigate off with spars, and towed her ; and, at three, 
cleared the islands, and stood out for sea. We have preserved the body of 
our heroic captain, and shall, if possible, also that of Mr. H. Fitzhugh 
(midshipman), a fine promising youth, who fell at the time the captain did. 
They are the only killed ; we have two men severely wounded, and several 
slightly. Most of our shot holes are between wind and water." 

On the 2d June 1809, Captain Bettesworth's successor 
addressed an official letter to Rear- Admiral Sir R. G. Keates, 
of which the following is a copy : 

" Sir, I have the honor to acquaint you, that on the 15th ult. I chased 
on shore, near Felixberg, on the coast of Courland, a Danish sloop priva- 
teer, of four guns, two of them 12-pounders, on slides, and two long 
4-pounders; the crew, 24 in namber, landing with their muskets, and 
'being joined by some of the country people, posted themselves behind the 
sand-hills near the beach. The vessel appearing calculated to do much 
mischief to the trade, I sent the boats of this ship, under the command of 
Lieutenants Sykes and Parker, with orders either to bring her off or to 
destroy her, the former of which they effected with considerable address 
and activity, and without loss, very soon getting the vessel's guns to bear 
upon the beach. 

" Before the Danes abandoned her, they placed a lighted candle in a 
12-pounder cartridge of gunpowder, in the magazine, where there was 
some hundred weight beside, which was happily discovered by one of our 
men, who immediately grasped it in his hand, and extinguished it, when 
it had burnt down within half an inch of the powder ; another minute 
would, in all probability, have been the destruction of every man on board 
and alongside the vessel ; a dishonorable mode of warfare, necessary to be 
known, to be properly guarded against. I have the honor to be, &c. 

(Signed) " JOSEPH BAKER, Captain." 



COMMANDERS. 135 

On the 9th Nov. 1813, Mr. Sykes was promoted to the 
command of the Recruit sloop, in which vessel he continued 
during the remainder of the French war. He married Louisa, 
second daughter of the late W. H. Winstone, of Quidsley 
House, co. Gloucester, Esq. 



THOMAS BRISTOWE YOUNG, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant on the 18th April, 1794; and 
commander Nov. 24th, 1813. 



CHARLES RAYLEY, ESQ. 

OBTAINED his first commission in Nov. 1800; and was 
made a commander, whilst serving on the East India sta- 
tion, Dec. 1st, 1813. 



JAMES DALGLEISH, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant on the 25th Aug. 1794, and com- 
mander Dec. 4th, 1813. He served for some time as first 
of the Dryad frigate, Captain Edward Galwey. 



MATTHEW CONOLLY, ESQ. 

WAS born at Rochester, July 5th, 1776. He entered the 
royal navy in Oct. 1787> and served as midshipman and 
master's-mate on board the Endymion 44, armed en flute, 
commanded by Lieutenant Joseph Sail j Orion 74, Captains 
Andrew Sutherland and Charles Chamberlayne ; Hyasna 24, 
Captain William Hargood ; Goelan brig, Captain Thomas 
Wolley; Hannibal 74, Captain John Colpoysj Theseus 74, 
Captain Robert Calder j and Majestic 74, bearing the flag of 
Rear-Admiral Benjamin Caldwell ; from which latter ship he 
was promoted into the Terpsichore frigate, Captain Richard 
Bowen, on the Leeward Islands station, Jan. 15th, 1795. 



J36 COMMANDERS. 

The Orion formed part of the squadron under Commodore 
Goodall, when reviewed by King George III., off Plymouth, 
Aug. 18th, 1/89*. In the following year, she accompanied 
Rear-Admiral Cornish to Barbadoes, where, in consequence 
of an alarm of fire in the fore-magazine, the greater part of 
her crew jumped overboard, and several men perished. 
During the Russian armament, in 1791, she was attached to 
the fleet under Lord Hood, assembled at Spithead. The 
Hyaena, after cruising for some time on the Jamaica sta- 
tion, where she took about twenty prizes, at the commence- 
ment of the French revolutionary war, was captured, off 
Hispanioln, by la Concorde frigate, of 44 guns and 340 men. 
A few days afterwards, the blacks at Cape Franpois having 
risen en masse, and commenced a general massacre of the 
white inhabitants, Mr. Conolly took advantage of the con- 
fusion, and effected his escape to an American brig in the 
harbour. He then procured the loan of a boat, re-landed, 
and succeeded in bringing off the whole of his shipmates, 
with whom he sailed for Jamaica, in an English cartel, dur- 
ing the conflagration of the town. 

On the 4th Sept. 1795, Lieutenant Conolly was appointed 
to his old ship the Theseus, in which, successively com- 
manded by Captains Robert Calder, Herbert Browell, Au- 
gustus Montgomery, and John Aylmer, he served on the 
Channel and Mediterranean stations, until May 2()th, 1797. 
He was then removed to the Irresistible 74, Captain George 
Martin, off Cadiz. On the 3d July following, he commanded 
that ship's launch, and had three of his men wounded, in a 
conflict with the Spanish flotilla, respecting which Messrs. 
Clarke and M'Arthur, the biographers of Nelson, say : 

" As if it had been in the original and true spirit of chivalry, the re- 
nowned Sir Horatio Nelson was destined to keep the vigils of his knight- 
hood, during the perilous night of July 3d, 1797, at the mouth of Cadiz 
harbour. On the evening of that day it had been given out in orders by 
the commander- in-chief, that all the barges and launches, without excep- 
tion, with their carronades properly fitted, and plenty of ammunition and 
pikes, were to be with Admiral Nelson at half-past eight o'clock, on a 



* See Vol. II. Part I. note at p. 61. 



COMMANDKRS, 

particular service. The garrison of Cadiz at this time consisted of from 
4000 to 4500 men. On the line wall facing the sea, seventy pieces of 
cannon and eight mortars had been mounted, and near Alameda were four 
other mortars ; from the Capuchins, at the back of the town, to the land 
point, were three batteries of four guns each. Such was the strength of 
the forts at Cadiz when Sir Horatio Nelson undertook its bombardment. 
The transactions of that memorable night were detailed by him in the 
following official letter to Earl St. Vincent, dated Theseus, July 4th, 
1797: 

" ' In obedience to your orders, the Thunder bomb was placed by 
Lieutenant Gourly, her present commander, assisted by Mr. Jackson, 
master of the Ville de Paris, who volunteered his able services, within 
2500 yards of the walls of Cadiz j and the shells were thrown from her 
with much precision, under the direction of Lieutenant Baynes, of the 
royal artillery ; but unfortunately it was soon found that the large mortar 
had been materially injured by its former services. I therefore ordered 
her to return under the protection of the Goliath, Terpsichore, and Fox, 
who were kept under sail for that purpose. The Spaniards having sent 
out a great number of mortar gun-boats and armed launches, I directed 
a vigorous attack to be made on them, which was done with such gal- 
lantry, that they were driven and pursued close to the walls of Cadiz, 
and must have suffered considerable loss. I have the pleasure to inform 
you, that two mortar-boats and an armed launch remained in our pos- 
session.' " 

Lieutenant Conolly's next appointment was, Dec. 26th, 
1797j to the Emerald 36, in which frigate lie served under 
Captains Lord Proby, Thomas Moutray Waller, and James 
O'Brien, on the Mediterranean and West India stations, 
until the peace of Amiens. During this period of four years, 
he assisted at the capture of many prizes, among which were 
the French privateer Chasseur Basque, taken on the coast of 
Portugal, Feb. 12th, 1798; three frigates and two brigs of 
war, captured by a detachment from the fleet under Lord 
Keith, June 18th, 1799 * ; and two Spanish frigates, each 
laden with quicksilver, &c., together with several valuable 
merchantmen under their convoy, from Cadiz bound to Lima, 
April 5th, ISOOf. 

From Jan. 13th, 1802, until April 16th, 1804, Lieutenant 
Conolly appears to have been on half-pay. At the latter date, 



* See Vol. 1. Part I. p. 267. 
t Sec Vol. I. Part II, p. 478 



138 COMMANDERS. 

he accepted employment in the Sea-Fencible service, under 
Captain Robert Barton, with whom he served in the Isle of 
Wight for about four months. His subsequent appointments 
were, in Aug. 1804, to be first of the Lapwing 28, then com- 
manded by Captain Francis William Fane, but afterwards by 
Captain Clotworthy Upton, on the Irish station ; July 1805, 
to the Hind 28, Captain Fane, which ship was employed in 
almost every part of the Mediterranean, from Gibraltar to 
the Dardanelles ; and July 1808, to the Cambrian 40, Cap- 
tain Fane, under whom he continued to serve, principally on 
the coast of Catalonia, until that officer was taken prisoner, 
at Palamos, Dec. 13th, 1810*. 

On the 12th and 14th April, 1811, the towns of St. Philon 
and Palamos were taken possession of, the guns all em- 
barked, and the batteries destroyed, by the Cambrian, then 
under the command of Captain Charles Ballen, and Volon- 
taire 38, Captain the Hon. George G. Waldegrave. A large 
settee, deeply laden with grain for the French army at Bar- 
celona, was afterwards " most handsomely cut out from 
under the Medas Islands by the boats of the Cambrian, led 
on by Lieutenant Conolly, without a man being hurt f." 

We lastly find the subject of this memoir joining the 
Pomone 38, in which frigate he served as first lieutenant, 
under Captain Fane and his successor, the late Sir Philip 
Carteret Silvester, from Jan. 18th, 1812, until Jan. 14th, 1814. 
In the former year, he appears to have- visited Newfound- 
land, and subsequently Lisbon. His promotion to the rank 
of commander took place Dec. 4th, 1813. 

This officer, some years since, published a work having 
for its object the establishment of " one universal and uni- 
form system of watching, quartering, and stationing, adapted 
to all classes of ships." He is also the author of " A System 
of Great Gun Exercise for the Navy." His brothers, six 
in number, are all commissioned officers in the army, navy, 
and royal marines. 



* See Vol. II, Part II. p. 842 et seq. t See id. p. 598. 



COMMANDERS. 

ROBERT PILCH, ESQ. 

OBTAINED his first commission in Dec. 1796 ; and com- 
manded the launches of the Bellerophon and Elephant 74's, 
at the capture of la Decouverte French national schooner, 
mounting six long 6-pounders and six swivels, with a com- 
plement of 52 men, lying in the Caracol Passage, near Cape 
Francois, St. Domingo, Nov. 23d, 1803. This service was 
performed without any loss on the part of the British, though 
for a short time under a very smart fire from the enemy's 
great guns and small arms. The French had two men 
wounded, but none slain. 

We next find Lieutenant Pilch mentioned in an official 
letter, of which the following is a copy : 

"Bellerophon, off Dagerost, Baltic, June 20th, 1809. 

" Sir, Pursuant to your signal to me of yesterday, I proceeded in 
H. M. ship under my command off Bango, and at sunset discovered a 
lugger, apparently armed, and two other vessels at anchor within the 
islands. Deeming it of importance to get hold of them, I anchored, and 
detached the boats under the orders of Lieutenant Pilch j and have to 
acquaint you, that they gained complete possession of the vessels, which 
being found were of no consequence, and under cover of four strong bat- 
teries (not before observed), supported by several gun-boats, were aban- 
doned. It was then judged necessary, to prevent loss in returning, to dash 
at the nearest battery, mounting four 24-pounders, and, by a muster-roll 
found, garrisoned with 103 men, which, after an obstinate resistance, was 
carried in the most gallant manner, the Russians retreating to boats on 
the other side of the island. The guns were spiked, and magazine de- 
stroyed. 

" Lieutenant Pilch reports to me the very able assistance he received 
from Lieutenants Sheridan and Bentham, Lieutenant Carrington, royal 
marines, and Mr. Mart, carpenter, volunteers ; and that more cool bravery 
could not have been displayed than by the officers and men employed on 
this service. Considering the resistance met with, and the heavy fire of 
grape-shot from batteries and gun-boats in the retreat, the loss is com- 
paratively small, being only five wounded. I am, &c. 

(Signed) " SAMUEL WARREN, Captain." 

" To John Barrett, Esq. Captain H. M. S. Minotaur." 

Lieutenant Pilch was made a commander on the 4th Dec. 
1813. 



140 COMMANDERS. 

WILLIAM HENRY DOUGLAS, ESQ. 

SON of the late Francis Douglas, Esq. many years a purser 
in the royal navy ; and brother of Captain Francis Douglas, 
R. N. whose services we have recorded in Suppl. Part II. 
p. 217 et seq. 

This officer obtained a lieutenant's commission on the 1 1 th 
Jan. 1797; commanded the Cracker gun-brig, in action with 
a division of French gun-vessels, proceeding from Fecamp to 
Boulogne, July 23d, 1805 j and was promoted to his present 
rank Dec. 4th, 1813. He married, Oct. 29th, 1811, Miss 
Elizabeth Love Hammick, of Plymouth. 



JOHN CHIENE, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant on the llth Jan. 1797; and pre- 
sented with the Turkish gold medal, for his services on the 
coast of Egypt, during the campaign of 1801. He obtained 
his present rank Dec. 4th, 1813. 



JAMES OLIVER, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant into the Alcmene 32, Captain Wil- 
liam Brown, June 8th, 1797 j and commanded one of the 
boats of that frigate in a successful attack upon the forts and 
shipping at Vivero, on the north coast of Spain, July ISth, 
1799. The prizes taken on this occasion were la Felicidad, 
a ship of about 800 tons, pierced for 22 guns, with a cargo 
of hemp, lower masts, and ship timber ; and El Bisarro, brig, 
laden with timber and iron. On the 26th of the preceding 
month, he assisted at the capture of the French ship privateer 
Courageux, pierced for 32 guns, mounting 28, with a com- 
plement of 253 men *. 



* Erratum. In Vol. I. Part II. p. 763, line 10, for 270 read 253} and 
5n James's Naval History, 2d edit. Vol. II. p. 494, for William Sandford 
f 'liver, read James Oliver. 



COMMANDERS. 



141 



In 1800, this officer was appointed to the Vlieter 44, sta- 
tioned in the river Thames, where he continued until the 
peace of Amiens. In 1804, we find him first lieutenant of 
the Bacchante 20, Captain (now Sir Charles) Dashwood, by 
whom he is most handsomely spoken of in an official letter, 
addressed to the commander-in-chief at Jamaica, of which 
the following is a copy : 

"Bacchante, New Providence, dpril \3th, 1805. 

" Sir, I have the honor to acquaint you, that on the 3d instant, 
H. M. ship under my command captured, off the Havannah, His Catholic 
Majesty's schooner Elizabeth, of 10 guns and 47 men, charged with 
despatches from the governor of Pensacola, which were thrown overboard 
previous to her surrendering. 

" Having received information that there were three French privateers 
in the harbour of Mariel, (a small convenient port, a little to the west- 
ward of the Havannah,) which had annoyed most considerably the trade 
of H. M. subjects, transiently passing through the Gulf, I determined, if 
possible, to rout this band of pirates ; for, from their plundering and ill 
treating the crew of every vessel they met with, most particularly the 
Americans, they were nothing better. Lieutenants Oliver and Campbell 
having, in the most handsome manner, volunteered their services on this 
hazardous occasion, I despatched these excellent officers, accompanied by 
the Hon. Almericus De Courcy, midshipman, on the evening of the 5th 
instant, in two boats ; and as it was absolutely necessary to gain possession 
of a round tower near forty feet high, on the top of which were planted 
three long 24-pounders, with loop-holes round its circumference for mus- 
ketry, and manned with a captain and thirty soldiers, I gave directions to 
attack and carry the fort previous to their entering the harbour, so as to 
enable them to secure a safe retreat. Lieutenant Oliver, the senior officer, 
being in the headmost boat, finding himself discovered, and as not a mo- 
ment was to be lost at such a critical period, most nobly advanced, without 
waiting for his friend, landed in the face, and in opposition to a most 
tremendous fire, without condescending to return the salutation, mounted 
the fort by a ladder, which he had previously provided, and fairly carried 
it by a coup-de-main with thirteen men (leaving Mr. De Courcy, with 
three others, to guard the boat), with an accident to only one brave man, 
George Allison, wounded. The enemy had two killed and three wounded. 

" Lieutenant Oliver, leaving Serjeant Denslow of the marines, with six 
men, to guard the fort, and having been rejoined by Lieutenant Campbell, 
dashed on to attack the privateers ; but, to his great mortification, found 
they had sailed the day previous on a cruise ; he was, therefore, obliged to 
be contented with taking possession of two schooners, laden with sugar, 
which he most gallantly brought away from alongside a wharf, in spite of 



COMMANDERS. 

repeated discharges of musketry from the troops and militia, who poured 
down in numbers from the surrounding country. 

" I should not have been thus particular in recounting a circumstance 
which was not attended with ultimate success, were it not to mark my ad- 
miration of the noble conduct of Lieutenant Oliver, in so gallantly attack- 
ing and carrying a fort which, with the men it contained, ought to have 
maintained itself against fifty times the number of the assailants : but no- 
thing could withstand the prompt and manly steps taken by that officer 
and his gallant crew on this occasion , and as, in my humble judgment, 
the attempt was most daring and hazardous ; and, had the privateers been 
there, I doubt not but success would have attended them ; sol humbly so- 
licit the honor of notice to this most gallant officer. I have the honor to 
be, &c. (Signed) " C. DASHWOOD." 

" To Rear-Admiral Dacret, 
ffc. SfC. fyc." 

The credit of this truly gallant exploit has been given, by 
Mr. James, to the present Commander Thomas Oliver : and 
that author follows up his error by observing, that his nomi- 
nee was promoted in the course of the same year, for his 
brave and meritorious conduct *. Lieutenant James Oliver 
was placed by Lord Mulgrave upon the Admiralty list for 
promotion, and presented with a sword by the Committee of 
the Patriotic Fund ; but, in consequence of the commander- 
in-chief at Jamaica placing his young nephew in a vacancy 
to which this gallant officer ought to have been appointed, 
and the retirement of his lordship from office, he did not 
obtain a commander's commission until Dec. 4th, 1813 ; 
when, instead of being continued in active service, he had the 
mortification to be placed upon the half-pay list. 

On the 14th May, 1805, the subject of this memoir assist- 
ed at the capture of a Spanish letter of marque, laden with 
coffee and bees' wax, from the Havannah bound to Vera 
Cruz f. He subsequently followed Captain Dashwood into 
la Franchise 36, and was first lieutenant of that frigate at the 
siege of Copenhagen, in 1807 1 5 a ^ so a ^ the capture of Sa- 
mana, in the island of St. Domingo, Nov. llth, 1808 . 



* See Nav. Hist. 2d edit. vol. iv. p. 18/, et seq. 

t Sec Vol. II. Part I. p. 457. J See Vol. I. Part I. p. 79 et seq. 

See Vol. II. Part I. p. 458. 



COMMANDERS. 143 

In the following year, Lieutenant Oliver was successively 
appointed to the Polyphemus 64, bearing the flag of Vice- 
Admiral Bartholomew S. Rowley ; and to the command of 
the Decouverte schooner, on the Jamaica station, in which 
vessel he suffered so serious an injury in his left eye, from 
arduous and active service, that he was under the necessity 
of returning to England in 1810. He next joined Sir Ed- 
ward Pellew, on the Mediterranean station, and was by him 
appointed to the command of the Carlotta brig, in which 
vessel he had the misfortune to be wrecked upon the coast 
of Sicily, where he again lost the sight of his eye, through 
exertion and fatigue, in saving a quantity of specie. His 
last appointment was, in 1813, to be first of the Sultan 74, 
Captain John West, stationed off Toulon. His son, William 
Brown Oliver, is a lieutenant in the navy, seniority Aug. 
25th, 1829. 



JOHN EDWARDS (c), ESQ. 

Is a native of London, and was born in 1776. He served 
nearly thirteen years as midshipman and lieutenant of the 
Gibraltar 80, and was on board that ship, under the com- 
mand of Captain Thomas Mackenzie, at the memorable 
battle of June 1st, 1794. His first commission bears date 
Nov. 6th, 1798. 

We next find Mr. Edwards serving as third lieutenant of 
the Prince 98, Captain Richard Grindall, at the defeat of the 
combined fleets of France and Spain, off Cape Trafalgar, 
Oct. 21st, 1805; and subsequently as first of the Vanguard 
74, Captain Alexander Fraser, at the siege of Copenhagen. 
He afterwards commanded a prison-ship at Portsmouth, and 
from her was appointed first of the Royal William 84, bear- 
ing the flag of Sir Richard Bickerton, at Spithead, early in 
1813. His last appointment was to the Barham 74, Captain 
John W. Spranger, in which ship he was serving, we believe, 
on the Jamaica station when promoted to the rank of com- 
mander, Dec. 4th, 1813. 

This officer married, Oct 2d, 1811, the eldest daughter of 






144 COMMANDERS. 

Mr. William Nicholson, of Bloomsbury Square, London, 
chief engineer of the Portsea Island Water-works. 



CHARLES CUMBY, ESQ. 

Knight (2d class} of the Imperial Ottoman Order of the Crescent. 

SON of the late Captain David Pryce Cumby, R. N. by his 
second wife, Susanna, eldest daughter of Robert Mash, of 
Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, Esq., and half-brother to Captain 
William Pryce Cumby, R. N., C. B., who succeeded to the 
command of the Bellerophon 74, on the death of Captain 
John Cooke, during the memorable battle of Trafalgar *. 

This officer was born at Great Yarmouth, Nov. 28th, 
1779 J ad appears to have entered the royal navy, as mid- 
shipman on board the Sheerness 44, armed en flute, May 
22d, 1790. He was appointed an a'cting lieutenant on the 
28th Nov. 1797; confirmed by the Admiralty in Jan. 1799; 
and presented with the Order of the Crescent, and a gold 
medal, for his services under Sir W. Sidney Smith, on the 
coast of Syria, and during the subsequent campaign in Egypt. 
We next find him third lieutenant of the Caesar 80, Captain 
Sir Richard J. Strachan, at the capture of four French line- 
of-battle ships, under Rear-Admiral Duuianoir , le Pelley, 
Nov. 4th, 1805 f J and afterwards commanding the Adrian 
cutter, employed in the Bay of Biscay, where he captured 
fourteen sail of merchantmen, and otherwise greatly an- 
noyed the enemy's coasting trade. His last appointments 
were, in 1813, to the Bellerophon, Captain Edward Hawker, 
and Medway 74, Captain Augustus Brine ; from which latter 
ship he was promoted to his present rank, Dec. 4th, 1813. 

Commander Cumby married Sarah, youngest daughter of 
William Gillard, of Black House, Brixham, co. Devon, Esq. 



See Vol. II. Part II. pp. 966972. 
t See Vol. I. Part I. p. 289. 



COMMANDERS. 



145 



NISBET GLEN, ESQ. 

WAS badly wounded while serving as midshipman on 
board the Leviathan 74, Captain Lord Hugh Seymour, at the 
battle of June 1st, 1794. He obtained the rank of lieutenant 
in April, 1799; a commander's commission on the 4th Dec. 
1813; and died (after long labouring under insanity, caused 
by his wounds) in 1824. 



ROBERT LOWTHIAN, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant on the 2d Nov. 1799 ; and pro- 
moted to his present rank Dec. 4th, 1813. 



JOHN CAMPBELL (ft), ESQ. 

ENTERED the navy in Aug. 1795 ; and served the whole of 
his time as midshipman under Captain John Oakes Hardy, 
in the Thisbe 28, Assistance 50, and St. Albans 64, on the 
Halifax station, where he witnessed the capture of 1'Elisabeth 
French frigate, by the squadron under Vice- Admiral George 
Murray, Aug. 28th, 1796. His first commission bears date 
Oct. 6th, 1801, on which day he was appointed to the 
Sophie sloop, Captain George Burdett, employed in the Bri- 
tish Channel. 

We next find Mr. Campbell in the Courageux 74, Captain 
J. O. Hardy, at the reduction of St. Lucia, June 22d, 1803 *. 
He afterwards served under Captain (now Sir Charles) 
Dashwood, in the Bacchante 24, a most active and success- 
ful cruiser, on the Jamaica station f ; from whence he re 
turned home first lieutenant of the Diana 38, Captain Tho- 
mas James Maling, in 1806. From that frigate he was 
appointed to the Edgar 74, then bearing the flag of Lord 
Keith, but subsequently a private ship, commanded by Cap- 
tain James Macnamara, with whom he removed into the 



* Sec Vol. I. Part II. note at p. 481. f See p. 141. 

VOL. IV. PART I. L 



146 COMMANDERS. 

Berwick 74, and continued to serve as senior lieutenant, 
until obliged to go on shore for the recovery of his health, in 
July, 1810. 

On the 9th and llth April, 1808, a court-martial was held 
on board the Salvador del Mundo, in Hainoaze, for the trial 
of five mutineers of the Edgar, viz. Henry Chesterfield, cap- 
tain of the main-top ; John Rowlands, boatswain's-mate ; 
and George Scarr, Abraham Davis, and Joseph Johnston, 
seamen. It appeared by the evidence of Lieutenant Camp- 
bell, that on the 28th of the preceding month, he was ac- 
quainted, while in the wardroom, that the ship's company 
were assembling in a body on the quarter-deck ', and on his 
going there, they demanded with one voice, " Fresh captain 
and officers," and some of them called out " An answer and 
no mutiny." After remonstrating with them once or twice, 
he was obliged to order the marines to be drawn up, and was 
on the point of directing them to fire, when the sailors 
thought fit to disperse. The five prisoners were then seized, 
and put in irons. In their defence, the petty-officers at- 
tempted to prove that they were intimidated to go on the 
quarter-deck by the threats of the ship's company. The 
sentence passed was as follows: Chesterfield, to receive 700 
lashes round the fleet, and to be kept in solitary confinement 
two years ; Rowlands, 300 lashes ; Scarr, 500 lashes, and 
one year's solitary confinement ; and Davis and Johnston, 
200 lashes each. 

After the re-establishment of his health, Lieutenant Camp- 
bell served as first of the Tigre 74, Captain John Halliday 
(now Vice-Admiral Tollemache) ; and San Josef 110, bearing 
the flag of Lord Keith, then conimander-in-chief of the 
Channel fleet. In the autumn of 1813, he was successively 
appointed, by the latter officer, acting commander of the 
Sparrow and Lyra sloops, employed on the north coast of 
Spain*. While in the former vessel, he appears to have 
been charged with the blockade of Santona, previous to the 
storming of St. Sebastian, on which memorable occasion he 



See Suppl. Part III. p. 146. 



COMMANDERS. 147 

also served under the orders of Sir George R. Collier *. His 
promotion to the rank of commander took place Dec. 6th, 
1813. 



EDWARD WHYTE, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant on the 2d May, 1804, and com- 
mander Dec. 6th, 1813 f. 



ROBERT WALKER, ESQ. 

OBTAINED a lieutenant's commission on the 30th Pec. 
1808. He served as second of the Piedmontaise frigate, 
Captain Charles Foote, at the capture of Banda Neira, and 
on that occasion was " among the foremost in the escalade J." 
His advancement to the rank of commander took place 
Dec, 8th, 1813. 



CHARLES ANTHONY, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in 1800; and presented with the 
Turkish gold medal, for his services during the Egyptian 
campaign, in 1801. We next find him accompanying Sir 
James Lucas Yeo to the Canadian Lakes, where he served as 
first of the Wolfe 23, bearing that officer's broad pendant, 
from May, 1813, until his promotion to the rank of com- 
mander, Dec. 29th in the same year. On the 8th June, he 
commanded some gun-boats at the capture of an American 
post near the head of Lake Ontario, from which the enemy 
was driven, with the loss of all his camp equipage, provisions, 
stores, &c. On the 13th and 19th of the same month, he 
assisted at the capture of two de"pdts of provisions, and se- 
veral small vessels, laden with supplies for the invading army. 



* See Vol. II. Part II. p. 529 et seq. 

t Erratum in James's Nav. Hist. 2(1 edit. Vol. VI. p. 97, line 20, fur 
Edward rend Nicholas Charles. 

J See Vol. II. Part II. p. 508. 
L2 



148 COMMANDERS. 

In Aug. and Sept. following, he was thrice engaged with the 
squadron under Commodore Chauncey*. On the 6th May, 
1814, he commanded the Star brig, and " behaved much to 
Sir James Yeo's satisfaction," at the attack and capture of 
Oswego f. 

Commander Anthony is now, we believe, Governor of the 
House of Correction at Preston, to which situation he was 
appointed in Oct. 182J. 



JOHN KAINS, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in July, 1807, and promoted to his 
present rank, while serving as first of the Warrior 74, Cap- 
tain Lord Torrington, Jan. 8th, 1814. On the 13th July in 
the preceding year, he commanded that ship's launch, and 
displayed great bravery, at the capture of a Danish national 
lugger, mounting three six pounders, under a heavy fire of 
musketry from the shore, to which her crew had escaped after 
setting her on fire. On the 30th Nov. following, he had the 
honor of steering the boat which conveyed H. S. H. the 
Prince of Orange (now King of Holland) from the Warrior 
to the Dutch shore J. 

Commander Kains married, Feb. 2d, 1814, Miss Gold, 
of Gillingham, co. Kent. 



JOSHUA KNEESHAW, ESQ. 

OBTAINED the rank of lieutenant in Sept. 1800 ; and lost 
the hired armed cutter Georgiana, on the banks near Hon- 
fleur, whilst employed in reconnoitring the enemy's force up 
the river Seine, Sept. 25th, 1804. We next find him com- 
manding the Martial gun-brig, attached to the Walcheren ex- 
pedition ; and subsequently the Piercer, a similar vessel, 
forming part of the Heligoland squadron, under the orders of 



See Suppl. Part IV. pp. 9093. t See Suppl. Part II. p. 216. 
J See Vol. I. Part II. p. 663. 



COMMANDERS. 149 

Captain Arthur Farquhar, by whom the following mention 
is made of him in an official despatch announcing the fall of 
Gluckstadt, Jan. 5th, 1814 : 

" To Lieutenants Kneeshaw and Sir George Keith every praise is due, 
for their able support during the bombardment. Lieutenant Kneeshaw, 
who will have the honor of carrying home this despatch, is an officer of 
great merit his attention to his duty since he has been under my com- 
mand, claims iny warmest approbation. He is an old officer, and has lost 
his right arm in the service of his country *". 

On the 12th Jan. 1814, the day of his arrival at the Admiral- 
ty, Mr. Kneeshaw was promoted to the rank of commander, 
and re-appointed to the Piercer, then rated a sloop of war. In 
the following year he commanded the Censor 14. The pre- 
sent amount of his pension (originally granted in Oct. 1802) 
is 200/. per annum. 



SAMUEL RADFORD,EsQ. 

OBTAINED his first commission on the 18th Aug. 1806; 
served on board the Aboukir 74, Captain George Parker, dur- 
ing the Walcheren expedition ; and was thus spoken of in 
the London Gazette, June 5th, 1810 : 

" Vice-Admiral Douglas has transmitted to John Wilson Croker, Esq. 
a letter from Captain Farquhar, of H. M. ship Desire'e, giving an account 
of an attack made on the night of the 29th ultimo, by the boats of that 
ship, with those of the Quebec 32, Britomart sloop, and Bold gun-brig, 
under the directions of Lieutenant Samuel Radford, of the Desire'e, upon 
some armed vessels lying in the Vlie ; one of which, a French lugger, of 
six guns and 26 men, was driven on shore and burnt ; the following ves- 
sels were captured and brought out : viz. a French lugger, of 12 guns 
and 42 men; a schuyt privateer, of 4 guns and 17 men; a Dutch 
gun-boat; and a small row-boat. Captain Farquhar highly commends 
the good conduct of Lieutenant Radford, and the other officers and men 
employed on this occasion. No loss was sustained on our part : the ene- 
my had one man killed, and three wounded." 

On the 12th Dec. 1811, the boats of the Desiree, under 
the command of Lieutenant Radford, captured le Brave 



See Suppl- Part III. p. 392- 



150 COMMANDERS. 

French privateer, of 14 guns and 60 men, near the island of 
Schelling: "this service," says Captain Farquhar, "was 
performed with much judgment/' In Sept. 1813, Mr. Rad- 
ford commanded the boats of the Heligoland squadron (act- 
ing in conjunction with a flotilla under Lieutenant Charles 
Haultain) in an attempt to capture or destroy eight Danish 
gun-vessels, lying at Busum, a small and intricate harbour 
near the mouth of the Elbe. He was promoted to his pre- 
sent rank on the 22d Jan. 1814 ; appointed to the Nimrod 
sloop, of 20 guns, Sept. 18th, 1828 ; and presented with the 
following address in the spring of 1882 : 

" To Commander Samuel Radford, of H. M. S. Nimrod, stationed in the 
river Shannon." 

" The Address of the Magistrates and Gentlemen in the vicinity of the 
above station. 

" Sir, The blessings of peace being at length felt on those shores, for 
the protection of which His Majesty's ship Nimrod, under your command, 
was stationed in the river Shannon (and the fruits of your active, judicious 
and unremitting exertions being manifested in the security which has so 
mainly resulted therefrom), we hasten to assure you ef our unfeigned 
regret, that the regulations of the service should render your removal ne- 
cessary, and thus deprive us of your effective and valuable services. Your 
excellent arrangements, and unceasing vigilance, in the discharge of the 
important duties which devolved upon you as an officer and a magistrate, 
by preventing the fearful disorders which prevailed in Clare from reaching 
the opposite coast, justly entitle you to our warmest gratitude; and al- 
though your services here are no longer deemed requisite, tranquillity being 
for the present restored, we entertain a hope, that should events once more 
require the presence of a ship of war in the Shannon, your intimate know- 
ledge of the localities of the country, the complete success of the enter- 
prise committed to you, and the admirable conduct and discipline of the 
officers and men under your command, will point you out to His Majesty's 
Government as the fittest person to entrust with a similar commission. We 
now reluctantly take our leave of you, sincerely wishing that health, hap- 
piness, and prosperity may accompany you in your honorable career j and 
beg to subscribe ourselves Your obliged friends and well-wishers. 

[Here follow about sixty signatures.] 



JAMES GROVES, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant on the 1st of June, 1802; and 
served as such under Sir Home Popham, in the Romney 50, 



COMMANDERS. 151 

Diadem 64, and Venerable 74 ; on the East India station, at 
the capture of the Cape of Good Hope and Buenos Ayres ; at 
the reduction of Walcheren, and on the north coast of Spain. 
He subsequently accompanied Sir James Lucas Yeo to Ca- 
nada, and was serving on the Lakes when promoted to his 
present rank, Feb. 14th, 1814. 

This officer married, Nov. 14th, 1825, Susan Isabella, se- 
cond daughter of the late Mr. John Harington, of Penzance. 



THOMAS FORSTER, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in July, 1807 ; and promoted to 
the command of the Kite sloop, Feb. 16th, 1814. He died 
at Southend, co. Essex, Dec. 14th, 1827, aged 41 years. 



JOSEPH GAPE, ESQ. 

SON of a clergyman and magistrate, resident at St. Albans, 
co. Herts. 

In Aug. 1809, we find this officer serving as midshipman 
of the Amphion frigate, Captain William Hoste, at the cap- 
ture and destruction of six gun-boats and seven merchant 
vessels, in the port of Cortelazzo. situated between Venice 
and Trieste *. He was also employed in her boats at the 
capture of the town of Grao, and 25 vessels with valuable car- 
goes, June 29th, 1810 f. His first commission bears date 
Mar. 19th, 1811 ; and he appears to have obtained his pre- 
sent rank, while serving as flag-lieutenant to Rear- Admiral 
William Brown, on the Jamaica station, Feb. 16th, 1814. 
From that period until Oct. 1815, he commanded the Snake 
sloop, of 18 guns. 



" See Suppl. Part IV. p. 191 el seq. 
f See Vol. III. Part II. p. 413, et seq. 



M?; 



J52 COMMANDERS. 

ROBERT SMITH, ESQ. 

SON of the late Mr. Smith, carpenter in the royal navy. 

This officer obtained his first commission on the 24th Aug. 
1807 ; and was senior lieutenant of the Eurotas 38, Captain 
(now Sir John) Phillimore, in the severe action between that 
ship and la Clorinde French frigate, Feb. 25th, 1814*. He 
was advanced to his present rank on the 4th of the following 
month. 

Commander Smith married, June 26th, 1818, Miss Seeds, 
daughter of a medical practitioner. 



NICHOLAS JAMES CUTHBERT DUNN, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant on the 22d Jan. 1806; promoted 
from the Tenedos frigate, Captain Hyde Parker, to the com- 
mand of the Indian sloop, Mar. 9th, 1814 ; and appointed an 
inspecting commander in the coast guard, Dec. 31st, 1820. 



SIR GEORGE MOUAT KEITH, BART. 

OBTAINED the rank of lieutenant on the 12th Aug. 1801 ; 
and commanded the Protector gun-brig, at the capture of the 
Cape of Good Hope, in Jan. 1806. His next appointment 
was, Mar. 19th, 1808, to the Redbreast, a similar vessel, on 
the JSorth Sea station. In 1813, and the beginning of 1814, 
we find him very actively employed under the orders of Cap- 
tains John M'Kerlie and Arthur Farquhar ; particularly at 
the sieges of Cuxhaven and Gluckstadt f . His commission 
as commander bears date Mar. 16th, 1814 ; on which day he 
was re- appointed to the Redbreast, then rated a sloop of 
war. 



* See Suppl. Part I. p. 245, et seq, 
f See Suppl. Part III. pp. 190, 251, and 392. 



COMMAND KRS. 153 

This officer's eldest son died at Sierra Leone, of the African 
fever : his eldest daughter is married to John Frederick El- 
lerton, Esq. of the Hon. E. I. Company's civil service. 



ROBERT MILBORNE JACKSON, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant on the 26th Nov. 1808; and 
served for some time as second of the Bustard sloop, Captain 
John Duff Markland, under whom he assisted at the capture 
and destruction of many vessels, on the Mediterranean sta- 
tion *. In Oct. 1813, he was appointed first of the Hebrus 
36, Captain Edmund Palmer ; and on the 27th Mar. follow- 
ing, we find him assisting at the capture of 1'Etoile French 
frigate, after an obstinate contest, in which the enemy had 
I JO, and the British 38, officers and men killed and wound- 
ed f. On the 31st of the same month, he was promoted to 
the rank of commander; and on the 15th Oct. 1829, ap- 
pointed to the Hyacinth 18, in which sloop he served on the 
West India station until Mar. 14th, 1831. 

This officer married, Oct. llth 1814, Elizabeth, youngest 
daughter of Mr. John Hodges, of Hill House, Tooting, 
Surrey. 



SAMUEL TREVOR DICKENS, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant on the 4th Aug. 1806; and pro- 
moted from the Ocean 98, Captain Robert Plampin, to the 
command of the Badger sloop, on the Mediterranean station, 
April 5th, 1814. He married Miss Isabella Craven, of Col- 
chester. 



THOMAS DELAFONS, ESQ. 

OBTAINED a lieutenant's commission in Sept. 1794; com- 
manded the Nimble cutter in 1805 ; and was promoted to his 



* See Suppl. Part II. p. 355. 
f See Suppl. Part I. p. 215 et set/. 



COMMANDERS. 



154 

present rank, whilst serving as principal agent for transports, 
on the north coast of Spain, April 28th, 1814. Mrs. Dela- 
fons died in April, 1816. 



ADAM BROWN, ESQ. 

: OBTAINED his first commission in April, 1811; and was 
serving as flag-lieutenant to Rear-Admiral William Brown, 
when promoted, by that officer, to the command of the Sap- 
phire sloop, on the Jamaica station, April 28th, 1814. He 
died in 1828. 



BOURCHIER MOLESWORTH, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in Oct. 1805 ; and promoted from 
the Royal Charlotte yacht (Captain Thomas Eyles) to the 
rank of commander, May 16, 1814. 



JOHN JORDAN ARROW, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in Aug. ISO/; promoted to his 
present rank, whilst serving as first of the Jason frigate, 
Captain the Hon. James W. King, May 16th, 1814; and ap- 
pointed an inspecting commander in the Coast-Guard service 
in Jan. 1820. He married Miss Kew, of New Palace Yard, 
Westminster. 



FRANCIS EDWARD SEYMOUR, ESQ. 

ELDEST son of the late Colonel Seymour, and grandson of 
Lord Francis Seymour, Dean of Wells, the fourth son of 
Edward, eighth Duke of Somerset. 

This officer was born at London, Sept. 2d, 1788 j and 
entered the royal navy, as midshipman on board the Malta 
80, Captain Albemarle Bertie, in July 1801. We next find 
him, during the short peace of Amiens, joining the Leander 
50, fitting out for the flag of Sir Andrew Mitchell, coin- 



COMMANDERS. 155 

inander-in-chief on the North American station. In Feb. 
1805, he assisted at the capture of la Ville de Milan, French 
frigate ; and recapture of the Cleopatra 32 *. Towards the 
close of the same year, he followed Captain (now Sir John) 
Talbot into the Centaur 74, then about to return home from 
Halifax; and he appears to have continued in that ship, as 
petty-officer and lieutenant, until the end of 1808. His first 
commission bears date Oct. 3d, in that year. 

On the 25th Feb. 1806, Mr. Seymour assisted at the cap- 
ture of four French 40-gun frigates ; the Centaur then bear- 
ing the broad pendant of Sir Samuel Hood, whose flag, as a 
rear-admiral, was hoisted on board the same ship, before 
Copenhagen, Oct. 2d, 1807. He afterwards witnessed the 
occupation of Madeira, by a squadron under the command of 
Sir Samuel, and a military force commanded by Major- 
General Beresfordf. On the 26th Aug. 1808, three men 
were killed, and twenty-seven officers, seamen, and marines 
wounded on board the Centaur, in action with the Sewolod, a 
Russian 74, the destruction of which ship is noticed in Vol. 
II. Part II. p. 649 et seq. 

Mr. Seymour's next appointment was to the Frederiks- 
steen 32, in which frigate, successively commanded by Cap- 
tains Thomas Searle, Joseph Nourse, and Francis Beaufort, 
and latterly employed in a most interesting survey of the 
south coast of Asia-Minor, he continued for about a period 
of four years J. On the 16th Nov. 1813, he was appointed 
to the Granicus 36, Captain William Furlong Wise, under 
whom he served until our present most gracious monarch 
hoisted the royal standard on board the Jason frigate, and 
condescended to appoint him his flag-lieutenant, in April 
1814. After accompanying King Louis XVIII. to Calais, he 
was promoted to his present rank, by commission dated May 
16th, 1814 . We lastly find him serving as an inspecting 
commander of the coast-guard, at Aldborough, in Suffolkj 
which appointment he appears to have received in April 1628. 



* See Vol. I. Part II. p. 744. f See Suppl. Part II. p. 416 et seq. 

$. See Suppl. Part II. pp. 86 94. See Vol. I. Part I. p. 10. 



156 COMMANDERS. 

Commander Seymour married, Feb. 4th, 1815, Elizabeth, 
daughter of the late Charles Cooke, of Bath, Esq., by whom 
he has issue one son and two daughters. 



EDWIN JAMES, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in Dec. 1799 ; and presented with 
the Turkish gold medal, for his services on the coast of 
Egypt, during the campaign of 1801. We next find him 
serving as first of the Union 98, in which ship, successively 
commanded by Captains Samuel Hood Linzee, William Kent, 
and Robert Holies, he continued from Mar. 1812 until ad- 
vanced to the command of a prize brig, at Genoa, May 17th, 
1814. 

On the 3d June, 1812, Andrew Abchurch, ordinary sea- 
man on board the Union, then on her passage from Ply- 
mouth to the Mediterranean, sent word to Captain Linzee, 
through the first lieutenant, that he wished to speak to him. 
Captain Linzee went upon the quarter-deck with Mr. James, 
to hear what he had to say, when Abchurch, in a low tone of 
voice, said there was a mutiny in the ship. On the captain 
asking what he said, he replied " There is a mutiny in the 
ship take that I am the man ;" and at the same instant 
plunged a knife into his commander's breast. The blow was 
evidently aimed at the heart ; but either from Captain Linzee 
suddenly turning, or from the confusion of the assassin, the 
knife penetrated obliquely between the sixth and seventh 
ribs three inches deep, struck the breast bone, and then 
turned to the right side instead of the left. The man was in- 
stantly secured ; and on the arrival of the ship at Lisbon 
(into which port it was necessary to go, for the preservation 
of Captain Linzee's life) he was tried by a court-martial, sen- 
tenced to death, and executed. He was repeatedly urged, in 
the most solemn manner, by the chaplain of the Union, to 
declare what his motives were for attempting so atrocious a 
deed, and he unequivocally declared he never had received 
any sort of treatment from Captain Linzee which could justify 
it ; but that a sudden thought came into his mind that he 



COMMANDERS. 157 

must commit murder, and he then determined to do so on 
the captain, to which he thought he must have been insti- 
gated by the devil. He exculpated his shipmates, not one of 
whom, he said, had the slightest knowledge of his intention ; 
and added, that he should die in peace if his intended victim 
would forgive him. 

The necessity of being kept in a tranquil state, compelled 
Captain Linzee to resign his command ; and he conse- 
quently returned home in the Sabrina sloop of war. His 
successor, Captain William Kent, died on board the Union, off 
the mouth of the Rhone, Aug. 29th, 1812. 



DAVID MAPLETON, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant on the 10th May, 1804. In 1806, 
he served as second of the Pallas frigate, Captain Lord 
Cochrane, by whom honorable mention is made of him in 
two official letters, addressed to Vice-Admiral Thornbrough, 
of which the following are copies : 

" H. M. S. Pallas, St. Martin's Road, Isle R/uf, May 10/A, 1806. 

" Sir, The French trade having been kept in port of late, in a great 
measure by their knowledge of the exact situation of H. M. cruisers, con- 
stantly announced at the signal posts, it appeared to ine to be some object, 
as there was nothing better in view, to endeavour to stop this practice. 
Accordingly the two posts at la Pointe de la Roche were demolished ; next, 
that of Cahola; then two in 1'Ance de Repos; one of which, Lieutenant 
Haswell, and Mr. Hillier the gunner, took in a neat style from upwards of 
one hundred militia. 

" The marines and boats' crews behaved exceedingly well ; all the flags 
have been brought off, and the houses built by government burnt to the 
ground. 

" Yesterday, too, the zeal of Lieutenant Norton, of the Frisk cutter, and 
Lieutenant Gregory, of the Contest gun-brig, induced them to volunteer 
to flank the battery on Point d'Equillon, while we should attack it by land 
in the rear; but it was carried at once ; and one of fifty men, who were sta- 
tioned to the three thirty-six -pounders, was made prisoner, the rest escaped. 
The battery is laid in ruins, the guns are spiked, carriages burnt, barrack 
and magazine blown up, and all the shells thrown into the sea. The sig- 
nal post of PEquillon, together with the house, shared the fate of the gun 
carriages ; the convoy got into a river beyond our reach. 



158 COMMANDERS. 

" Lieutenant Mapleton, Mr. Sutherland the master, and Mr. Hillier, 
were with me, who, as they do on all occasions, so they did at this time, 
whatever was in their power for His Majesty's service. 

" The petty officers, seamen, and marines, failed not to justify the opi- 
nion that there was before reason to form ; yet it would be inexcusable 
were not the names of the quarter-masters, Garden and Casey, particularly 
mentioned, as men highly deserving any favour that can be shown in the 
line to which they aspire. I have the honor to be, &c. 

(Signed) " COCHRANE." 

" H. M. S. Pallas, off" the Island of Oler on, 14th May. 

" Sir, This morning when close to 1'Isle d'Aix, reconnoitring the 
French squadron, it gave me great joy to find our late opponent, the black 
frigate*, and her companions, the three brigs t, getting under sail; we 
formed high expectation that the long wished for opportunity was at last 
arrived. 

" The Pallas remained under topsails by the wind to await them ; at half- 
past eleven a smart point-blank firing commenced on both sides, which was 
severely felt by the enemy. The maiu-top-sail yard of one of the brigs 
was cut through, and the frigate lost her after-sails. The batteries on 1'Isle 
d'Aix opened on the Pallas, and a cannonade continued, interrupted on our 
part only by the necessity we were under to make various tacks to avoid 
the shoals, till one o'clock, when our endeavour to gain the wind of the 
enemy, and get between him and the batteries, proved successful; an effec- 
tual distance was now chosen a few broadsides were poured in the 
enemy's fire slackened ; I ordered ours to cease, and directed Mr. Suther- 
land, the master, to rua the frigate on board, with intention effectually to 
prevent her retreat, by boarding. 

" The enemy's side thrust our guns back into the ports ; the whole were 
then discharged ; the effect and crush were dreadful ; their decks were de- 
serted ; three pistol shots were the unequal return. 

" With confidence I say, that the frigate was lost to France, had not the 
unequal collision tore away our fore-top-mast, jib-boom, fore and main- 
top-sail-yards, sprit-sail-yard, bumpkin, cathead, chain-plates, fore-rigging, 
fore-sail, and bower anchor s with which last I intended to hook on; but all 
proved Insufficient. She \vas yet lost to France, had not the French 
admiral, seeing his frigate's fore-yard gone, her rigging ruined, and the 
danger she was in, sent two others to her assistance. 

" The Pallas being a wreck, we came out with what little sail could be 
set, and H. M. sloop the Kingsfisher afterwards took us in tow. 

" The officers and ship's company behaved as usual ; to the names of 
Lieutenants Haswell and Mapleton, whom I have mentioned on other 
occasions, I have to add that of Lieutenant Robins, who has just joined. 
I have the honor to be, &c. (Signed) " COCHRANE." 



* La Minerve 40. f Lynx, Palinure, and Sylphc. 



COMMANDERS. 159 

In effecting the destruction of the enemy's signal posts, 
the Pallas had two seamen and one marine slightly wounded. 
In her gallant action with the French frigate and brigs, one 
marine killed, one midshipman, Mr. Andrews, very badly 
wounded, and four seamen slightly. In a former despatch, 
when reporting the capture of la Tapageuse corvette, and 
the destruction of three other French national vessels, her 
heroic captain informed Vice-Admiral Thornbrough, that 
" the absence of Lieutenant Mapleton was to be regretted, 
as he would have gloried in the expedition with the boats." 

From the Pallas, Mr. Mapleton followed Lord Cochrane 
into the Imperieuse 38; and on the 6th Jan. 1807, we find 
him volunteering his services to bring out with her boats 
whatever vessels might be found in the basin of Arcasson, 
" As a preliminary step," says his lordship, " he attacked 
Fort Roquette, which was intended for the defence of the 
entrance. A large, quantity of military stores was destroyed, 
four 36--pounders, two field-pieces, and a thirteen-inch mor- 
tar were spiked, the platoons and carriages burnt, and the 
fort laid in ruins. The Hon. William John Napier and Mr. 
Houston Stewart, midshipmen, accompanied Lieutenant 
Mapleton ; and Mr. Gilbert, the surgeon's first assistant, 
embraced the opportunity to shew his zeal even in this affair, 
so foreign to his profession. I am happy to add, that as it 
was well conducted, so it was accomplished without any 
loss." 

Between Dec. 15th, 1806, and Jan. 7th, 1807, Lieutenant 
Mapleton assisted at the capture and destruction of three 
French transports and twelve merchant vessels, the latter 
laden with wine, resin, butter, cheese, &c. 

During the summer of 1807, the Imperieuse cruised off 
Brest, under the pro-tempore command of Captain Alexander 
Skene. On the 12th Sept. in the same year, Lord Cochrane 
having then re-joined her, she sailed from Portsmouth, with 
the Mediterranean trade in company. On the 31st July, 
1808, the castle of Mongat, an important post, commanding 
a pass in the road from Barcelona to Gerona, was taken pos- 
session of by her marines j and 71 French soldiers, including 



160 COMMANDERS. 

two commissioned officers, killed, wounded, and made pri- 
soners. By the immediate destruction of this fortification, 
and the blowing up of rocks in various places, the road was 
rendered impassable to the enemy's artillery, required for 
the siege of Gerona. On the 28th Sept. following, his Lord- 
ship reported the destruction of the newly constructed se- 
maphoric telegraphs at Bourdique, Pinede, St. Maguire, 
Frontignan, Canet, and Foy, together with their guard 
houses, fourteen barracks of the gens-d'armes, a battery, and 
a strong tower upon the lake of Frontignan. " Lieutenant 
Mapleton," (then first of the Imperieuse,) says Lord Coch- 
rane, " had the command of those expeditions ; Lieutenant 
Urry Johnson had charge of the field-pieces ; and Lieutenant 
Hoare of the royal marines. To them, and to Mr. Gilbert, 
assistant-surgeon ; Mr. Burney, gunner ; and Messrs. Stew- 
art and Stovin, midshipmen, is due whatever credit may arise 
from such mischief; and for having, with so small a force, 
drawn about 2,000 troops from the important fortress of 
Figueras, in Spain, to the defence of their own coast. The 
conduct of Lieutenants Mapleton, Johnson, and Hoare, de- 
serves my best praise." Other services performed by the 
Imperieuse, on the Mediterranean station, will be found 
noticed in Vol. III. Part I. pp. 262265. 

Mr. Mapleton's next appointment was, Feb. 19th, 1811, 
to the Edinburgh 74, in which ship he served as first lieu- 
tenant, under Captains Robert Holies and the Hon. George 
H. L. Dundas, until advanced to the command of a French 
national brig, taken at Genoa, 'in April, 1814. Previous to 
his promotion, he had distinguished himself on various oc- 
casions, particularly at the capture of a French convoy lying 
in the mole of D'Anzo, Oct. 5th, 1813; at the unsuccessful 
attack upon Leghorn, in the month of December following ; 
and during the operations against Genoa and its dependencies, 
in March and April, 1814. On the 18th of the latter month, 
Captain Sir Josias Rowley, commanding the Anglo-Sicilian 
naval force, informed Sir Edward Pellew (now Viscount 
Exmouth) that " that active officer, Lieutenant Mapleton, of 
the Edinburgh," he was sorry to say, had been wounded, 



COMMANDERS. 161 

"while on service with the army," under Lord William 
Bentinck *. 



WILLIAM GEORGE CARLILE KENT, ESQ. 

SECOND son of the late John Kent, Esq. Steward of the 
Royal Naval Hospital at Plymouth, who was appointed to 
that situation by Earl St. Vincent, in 1803 ; at which period 
he had served as a purser in the navy upwards of twenty 
years. Some genealogical particulars of his family will be 
given in our memoir of his eldest son, Commander Bartholo- 
mew Kent. 

The subject of the present sketch is a native of Lanark- 
shire, N. B., and was born about the year 1788. He com- 
menced his naval career in July, 1/98, as midshipman on 
board le Tigre 80, commanded by Sir W. Sidney Smith, with 
whom we find him successively proceeding to Constantinople, 
the coast of Egypt, and St. Jean d'Acre. During the me- 
morable siege of that Syrian fortress, by the French army 
under Napoleon Buonaparte, he appears, although so very 
young, to have been employed on shore ; and we are told 
that he was with Captain Wilmot, of the Alliance 20, when 
that gallant officer was shot by a rifleman, whilst mounting a 
howitzer on the north-east angle of the town wall, April 8th, 
1799 f. 

In March, 1800, after having witnessed a variety of impor- 
tant operations on the Egyptian coast, Mr. W. G. C. Kent 
was removed to the Theseus 74, Captain John Stiles, under 
whom he served at the blockade of Genoa, and returned 
home in the month of November following. He then joined 
the Atlas 98, Captain (afterwards Admiral) Theophilus 
Jones, in which ship, attached to the Channel fleet, he con- 
tinued until Jan. 1802. He shortly afterwards sailed for 
the East Indies and New South Wales, in the Buffalo store- 
ship, commanded by his uncle, Captain William Kent ; and 
if we mistake not, he received an order from Governor 



* See Vol. II. Part I. pp. 423430. f See Vol. I. Part I. p. 301. 

VOL. IV. PART I. M 



162 COMMANDERS. 

Phillip Gidley King, to act as lieutenant of the same vessel, 
in Oct. 1805. His first commission, however, was not signed 
by the Admiralty until May 17th, 1809. 

On the 13th of August, 1806, Commodore William Blrgh, 
then just arrived from England, read his commission, and 
superseded Governor King in the command of N"ew South 
Wales and its dependencies. In January, 1807, "e ap- 
pointed Mr. W. XT. C. Kent, acting first lieutenant of the 
Porpoise store-ship, Captain John Putland; and in May fol- 
lowing, to the command of the colonial armed brig Lady 
Nelson, then about to be employed in removing the settlers 
from Norfolk Island to the Derwent and Port Dalirymple. 
His subsequent conduct towards this young officer will be 
seen by the following minutes of a court martial assembled 
on board H. M. S. Gladiator, at Portsmouth, in Jan. 1811 : 

*' The Admiralty order for assembling the court-martial, dated the 31st 
Dec. 1810, being read, and the members sworn in, the Court proceeded 
upon the trial of Lieutenant William George Carlile Kent, late acting 
commander of H. M. ship the Porpoise, and senior officer in the command 
of H. M. ships and vessels on the coast of New South Wales, during the 
suspension of Captain William Bligh, late governor of that territory, and 
commodore commanding H. M. ships and vessels there, on the following 
charges exhibited against him by the said Captain William Bligh. 

" CHARGES. 

"first, That the said William Bligh having, on the 29th day of March, 
1808, while such senior officer, given the said Lieutenant William Kent a 
commission, or order, appointing him acting commander of His Majesty's 
ship the Porpoise, in pursuance of which he took the command of the said 
ship; the said Lieutenant Kent did, on or about the 19th day of April, 
1808, without any order from the said William Bligh, who was then such 
senior officer, or any other person duly authorized to give such order, sail 
with the said ship from Port Jackson, where she was then lying, and 
quitted his station there. 

" Second, That the said Lieutenant Kent, having returned with the said 
ship to Port Jackson, and received a written order from the said W. Bligh, 
then being such senior officer, dated on or about the 30th day of July, 
1808, to hoist and wear his broad pendant on board His Majesty's ship 
Porpoise, he did, on or about the 1st day of November, 1808, without any 
order from the. said William Bligh, who was then such commodore and 
senior officer, strike such pendant, and again sail from the said port with 
the said ship, and quitted his station there. The said Lieutenant Kent, on 
the several occasions mentioned in this and the preceding article, acting 



COMMANDERS. 163 

not only without the order of the said William Bligh, but in concert with, 
and under the order of, the persons who had with the knowledge of the 
said Lieutenant Kent, illegally and by force dispossessed the said William 
Bligh of the government of New South Wales, whereto he had been ap- 
pointed by His Majesty, and usurped the government of the colony, and 
who then kept the person of the said William Bligh in a state of illegal 
confinement at Port Jackson. 

" Third, That Lieutenant James Symons, who had the command of the 
Lady Nelson tender, and was borne on the books of the Porpoise, having 
been, on or about the 1st of September, 1808, ordered by the said Lieu- 
tenant Kent, then commanding the said ship Porpoise (in pursuance of 
directions from the said William Bligh), to join the Lady Nelson, and not 
having obeyed such order, but in disobedience thereto having, on or about 
the 13th day of April, 1808, without any authority discharged himself 
from and quitted the King's service, the said Lieutenant Kent being ap 
prized thereof, did not do his endeavour to apprehend and bring to pu- 
nishment the said Lieutenant James Symons for his said offence, but neg- 
lected to do so, and permitted him to sail from Port Jackson to England, 
with despatches from the persons who had so usurped the government of 
the colony. (Signed) " WM. BLIGH." 

" The above charges, as also Captain Bligh's order to command the 
Porpoise, as senior captain, and an order from him to hoist and wear a 
broad pendant, being read, the prosecutor proceeded to produce evidence 
in support of the charges. 

" Mr. EDMUND GRIFFIN, Secretary to Captain Bligh, called In and sworn. 

" Q. What situation did you hold in New South Wales ? A. Secretary 
to Governor Bligh, and as commodore also. 

" Q. At what period, and by whom, was I dispossessed of my govern- 
ment? A. By Colonel Johnstone, on the 26th of January, 1808. 

" Q. Lieutenant Kent was then absent from Sydney on service? A. 
He was. 

" Q. How soon did he return, and call on me ? A. To the best of my 
recollection, on the 29th March, 1808. 

" Q. Did I then communicate to him my situation, and give him any 
directions or not, respecting the mooring of His Majesty's ship Porpoise? 
A. Governor Bligh did communicate in my presence his then situation, 
and directed Lieutenant Kent to go on board the Lady Nelson (tender to 
the Porpoise) and take care to do his duty. There was a conversation at 
the time on the subject. 

" Q. Did I then tell him he was not to obey any orders but those he 
received from me? A. Yes. 

" Q. What answer did he make? A. He said he was perfectly sensible 
he could not obey any orders but those of Governor Bligh, as commodore, 
or to that effect. 

M2 



164 COMMANDERS. 

" Q. Did I afterward send him an order, appointing him commander of 
the Porpoise? A. Yes; it was sent to Major Johnstone for that purpose. 
He refused to deliver it, unless Governor Bligh \vould agree to certain 
terms. 

" Q. Do you know from Mr. Kent whether he received it? A. I cannot 
charge my recollection. I think he did, on the next day after his taking 
the command. 

" Q. Did I not refuse to accede to the terms of Major Johnstone? 
A. Yes. 

" Q. Did Mr. Kent, in fact, take the command of the ship ? A. The 
ship was down the harbour. He certainly did take the command on the 
13th of April, 1808. 

Q. Is this a copy of his commission ? A. Yes. 
[Order to command the Porpoise read, and admitted by the Prisoner.] 
" Q. Was the ship then stationed at Port Jackson? A. Yes. 
" Q. Did Lieutenant Kent afterwards, on the 19th of April, sail and 
quit that station ? A. She was half-way down the harbour, and not there 
next day. 

" Q. Had he any order from me for that purpose? A. No, not to my 
knowledge. 

" Q. In your situation as secretary, must you, or must you not; have 
known it, if he had ? A. Certainly I should. 

" Q. Have you, or have you not, heard from Mr. Kent that he had no 
order from me? A. I know, from conversation, he had no order from 
Governor Bligh. 

On the Second Charge. 

" Q. Did you, on the 30th of July, deliver to Lieutenant Kent an order 
to hoist and wear my broad pendant? A. An order was made out on that 
day. I cannot recollect whether it was delivered to him or not ; or whe- 
ther it was sent. I think the latter. 

" Is this the order? A. It is a copy of it. 

[Order read: the Prisoner admitted it to be a true copy.] 
" Q. Did he hoist the pendant in pursuance of the order ? A. It was 
flying at the time on board the Porpoise, on his return from Port Dal- 
rymple, on the 26th of May, 1808. I went down the harbour in a boat, 
and saw the pendant flying. 

" Q. Did Lieutenant Kent, at or about the 1st of November, again sail 
from Port Jackson, and quit his station there? A. He did. 
" Had he any order from me for that purpose ? A. No. 
" Q. Do you know, when the Porpoise sailed, whether the pendant was 
flying or struck? A. The broad pendant was flying when I last saw her; 
the ship was under weigh at the time; I saw her from Sydney Cove. It is 
customary to drop down the harbour a day or two before they aail. 

" Q. Was it hoisted on board of any other ship, after the Porpoise 
sailed ? A. No. 



COMMANDERS. 165 

On the Third Charge. 

" Q. la the signature to that letter Mr. Kent's hand-writing? A. To 
the best of my recollection it is. Letter read; admitted correct, as also 
the following : 

" H. M. S. Porpoise, Sydney Cove, Sept. 3, 1808. 

" Sir, 1 have the honor to enclose you a copy of my letter to Mr- 
James Symons, together with his answer, wherein he refers me to the 
ship's books for his discharge ; he is discharged from the Lady Nelson's 
books into those of His Majesty's ship Porpoise ; but it was by his own 
order; and on the Porpoise's books he is discharged, superseded. 

" I therefore beg you will be pleased to give me such instructions, as 
you may judge proper on the occasion, that Lieutenant Ellison may get 
proper receipts for the stores, that he may join His Majesty's ship Por- 
poise. I have the honor to remain, Sir, your most obedient Servant, 

(Signed) " W. G. C. KENT." 

" To Commodore Bligh, Sfc." * 

" Sydney, September 1, 1808. 

" Sir, I have to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of this day's 
date, and beg leave to refer you to the books of His Majesty's ship Por- 
poise, where you will see that I am discharged from His Majesty's armed 
tender Lady Nelson, and likewise His Majesty's ship Porpoise. 

" I have further to acquaint you that I have engaged to take His Honour 
Lieutenant-Governor Foveaux's despatches to England, and shall be happy 
to carry any you may have to send to the Admiralty. I have the honor 
to be, &c. (Signed) " J. SYMONS." 

" ff. Kent, Esq. Commander of H. M. S. Porpoise.'' 1 

" Government House, Sydney, Sept. 3, 1808. 

" Sir, In answer to your letter of this day's date, I am commanded by 
his Excellency Commodore Bligh, to refer you to his of the 31st ult. in 
addition to which I am ordered to inform you, that he has given no order 
for the discharge of any officer, seaman, or marine, since the 27th of May, 
1807; and his Excellency directs me to observe, that the management of 
the ship's books, and interior management of the ship, you are accountable 
for to the Right Honorable the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty. 
I am, Sir, &c. (Signed) " EDMUND GRIFFIN." 

" W. Kent, Esq. Sfc." 

" Q. Was any order given by me to discharge Lieutenant Symons ? 
A. No. 

" Q. How long did Lieutenant Symons remain at Sydney, before he 
sailed for England ? A. I think it was in the middle of September, in a 



* Acting Commander Kent's letter to Mr. Symons merely directed him 
to join the Lady Nelson, by Captain Bligh's orders. 



166 COMMANDERS. 

ship called the Rose : I think the J5th. I was on board the ship the day 
she sailed, and saw him on board. 

" Q. Did you, at any time after Lieutenant Symons had discharged him- 
self from the service, see him and Lieutenant Kent together? A. I am 
not certain, after the 3d of September, but it was after Lieutenant Kent 
had taken the command of the ship. 

"Q. Was it after the day on which Mr. Symous is entered as dis- 
charged ? A. Yes it was. 

" Q. Do you know of any measure used by Lieutenant Kent to appre- 
hend Lieutenant Symons, and bring him to trial for so discharging him- 
self? A. No. 

Questions by the Court. 

" Q. When the Porpoise returned, was the broad pendant then flying ? 
A. I cannot say, because the ship brought to, a little way within the heads, 
at eight miles from Sydney; and there, Captain Porteous took command 
of her, by commission from the Admiralty. I saw Captain Porteous's 
commission. 

" Q. Do you know if Lieutenant Kent waited on Commodore Bligh on 
his return ? A. No, he did not : Capt. Porteous put him in arrest, on his 
going on board after his second arrival. 

" Q. Did Commodore Bligh acknowledge any orders, by writing, or by 
book? A. I do not recollect any particular order to that effect;" it was 
sometimes one way, sometimes another. 

" Q. At the time of the Porpoise sailing the first and second time, was 
the Porpoise hindered communicating with the commodore? A. I cannot 
speak positively as to Lieutenant Kent being prevented ; but Governor Bligh 
had threatening letters both from Major Johnstone and Colonel Foveaux, 
in case he communicated with the officers of the Porpoise. 

" Q. Had the prisoner attempted to communicate with the commodore, 
would he have been prevented access to him ? A. He did wait once on 
the commodore. 1 saw him, but the commodore did not. After he had 
taken the command, the commodore was fearful of seeing him, in conse- 
quence of those threats. When Colonel Foveaux arrived, on the 30th of 
July, he allowed communication until the beginning of September, or 
latter end of August; during which time, Lieutenant Kent repeatedly 
waited on him on various occasions : I think it was September. 

" Q. Could the prisoner at all times have communication with the com- 
modore through you, the secretary ? A. No, he could not, on account of 
those threats. I frequently saw Lieutenant Kent, and was desired to im- 
press on his mind, not to sail without his orders; but I never took it as 
orders from Governor Bligh, fearful what the consequence would he. 

" Q. Did the prisoner supersede Lieutenant Symons in the Porpoise? 
A. Yes. 

*' Q, Did he receive any directions from Commodore Bligh respecting 



COMMANDERS. 107 

Lieutenant Sym,ons, then or afterwards, in consequence of that letter which 
was read in court ? A. He did not receive any immediate directions re- 
specting Lieutenant S/inons, further than that on a letter from Lieutenant 
Ellison, that every officer must occupy their respective situations ; and in 
that letter there was a copy of an order enclosed, which was given to (Jap- 
tain Short, to bear Lieutenant Symonds, and fourteen men on the books 
of the Porpoise, for the Lady Nelson tender. 

" Q. Was that subsequent to the 3d of September? A. There was 
another letter from Governor Bligb, (from me,) to Lieutenant Kent, re- 
ferring him to a former letter, and stating that he had given no orders for 
the discharges, from a certain date, which I do not recollect. 

" Q. Had the Porpoise the means of arresting Lieutenant Symons, as a 
deserter from the service, at any time? A. I cannot speak positively as to 
that. There was a guard of soldiers went out on board the ship he wens 
in; they did not quit the ship till she cleared the Heads, after I did. As 
to the shore, Lieutenant Symons was at liberty; I frequently saw him 
walking about. 

" Q. What was the guard on board the merchant ship for? A. I do 
not know. 

" Q. In conversation you had with the prisoner, did he ever tell you, 
v.ith whom he was acting in concert, in proceeding to sea without orders 
from his commanding officer? A. He told me, after his arrival the first 
lime, he went in consequence of a letter from Colonel Patcrson * to Lieu- 
tenant Symons, who was then at Port Dalrymple. 

" Q. He did not tell you the second time ? A. No. 

" Q. Do you know if Captain Porteous waited on Commodore Bligh, 
and had his sanction to take the command of the Porpoise? A. Yes, I do. 
[Witness retired, but was called in again by Prosecutor.] 

" Q. At the time the Porpoise was prevented from communicating with 
me, did he associate with the parties that kept me in confinement? A. 
Yes, he did. 

[The prosecutor then called for the ship's books. The prisoner ad- 
mitted the correctness of the monthly book, and the discharges extracted 
from it. By the book it appeared that Lieutenant Symons had been paid 
by bill and compensation, as an acting commander.] 

" Here the prosecutor closed his evidence in support of the charges, by 
delivering in the following paper, which was read. 

" Mr. Presidenti and Gentlemen, Taking it for granted that the Court 
will not think it right to enquire into the propriety or impropriety of 
the dispossessing me of , the civil government of New South Wales, as that 



* Lieutenant-Colonel of the 102d Regiment (formerly the New South 
Wales corps), and Lieutenant-Governor of the territory of New South 
Wales. He died on board the Dromedary, on his passage home. 



168 COMMANDERS. 

is to be made the subject of investigation before another tribunal; and the 
Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty having directed me, in forming the 
charges on the present occasion, to confine myself to those points which 
were in breach of the naval articles of war, I have no further evidence to 
trouble the Court with. Should, however, the prisoner put his defence 
upon that ground, and the Court think it right to enter into the inquiry, 
they will, I trust, hereafter permit me to call witnesses in answer to any 
charges which may be attempted to be established against me, in justifica- 
tion of that measure. Until I hear what they are, it is impossible I can 
answer them ; and to enter, by anticipation, into a general history of my 
government, would, I apprehend, be an unnecessary waste of the time of 
the Court. (Signed) " WILLIAM BLIGH." 

"The Court was then cleared, and after being re-opened, the Judge Ad- 
vocate pronounced their decision, ' That they could not hear any matter 
respecting the dispossessing Captain Bligh of the government, either on the 
part of the prosecutor or prisoner.' 

" Lieutenant Kent then requested that the Court would be pleased to 
allow him till next day to prepare his defence, which being complied with, 
the Court adjourned till nine o'clock next morning. 



SECOND DAY. 
WEDNESDAY, JANUARY, 9, 1811. 

" The Court having again met, Lieutenant Kent addressed the Court, and 
afterwards produced the following evidence and documentary proof to 
repel the charges : 

DEFENCE. 

" Mr. President, and Gentlemen of this Honourable Court, Such 
have been my sufferings for two years past, from the unrelenting conduct 
of the prosecutor towards me, that this day of trial is become a source of 
inexpressible happiness. 

" In general, to be arraigned as a prisoner on charges like the present, 
is an afflicting event to a British naval officer, yet such has been the treat- 
ment it has been my hard lot to experience, that my feelings as an accused 
prisoner are almost forgotten in the cheerful confidence I repose in this 
Honorable Court, to whom I shall humbly submit a narrative, which I 
trust, I am not too sanguine in believing will ensure me the favourable de- 
cision of this Court, vindicate a character unfoundedly aspersed, and re- 
store me to the best enjoyment of a British officer, the good opinion of 
my profession. If I am obliged, by the nature of my defence, to utter 
sentiments that in most cases would seem a departure from that high re- 
spect which is due to a superior officer, I feel persuaded that this Honor- 
able Court will ascribe my observations to the necessity of the case, 



COMMANDERS. 169 

created by the conduct of my prosecutor, and acquit me of the slightest 
intention of disrespect to the principles of subordination, or the most re- 
mote wish unnecessarily to wound the feelings even of my accuser. 

" Before I proceed to answer specifically the charges now exhibited 
against me by Captain Bligh, it is proper for me to state to this Honor- 
able Court, that in November last, when the Lords Commissioners of the 
Admiralty gave directions for my being released from a confinement to the 
ship of nearly two years, I most urgently solicited their lordships would 
be pleased to direct Captain Bligh to exhibit his charges against me, that 
my conduct might be investigated at a court-martial. This request was 
made on the 19th of November last, as appears from my letter to the Se- 
cretary of the Admiralty, which I shall have the honour to lay before you 
at the close of my defence, it being transmitted to the Judge Advocate, 
duly authenticated. On the 4th of December only, (being fifteen days 
subsequent to my application) Captain Bligh applied for a court-martial, 
to try me on the three several charges now before this Court. 

" I do not mean to state that the disposition and spirit of my prosecutor 
did not lead him to accuse me, but I hope it may be fairly inferred from 
the reluctance he has shewn to bring forward the charges since my arrival 
in England, that some motives and apprehensions existed in his mind, 
which strongly inclined him to doubt the result of this day's investigation ; 
and that he rather wished (had I been so inclined) that his oppression and 
my long sufferings should be sunk in oblivion. 

" It is due to myself, to mention to the Court, that I have repeatedly 
made respectful application to my prosecutor (before my arrival in Eng- 
land,) to be informed of the nature and extent of the supposed offences 
for which I was a close prisoner. I strengthened my application by urg- 
ing the real grounds of it ; namely, a desire to furnish myself, if necessary, 
with evidence from New South Wales, to repel any charges that might be 
adduced against me. I ventured to hope, that such an appeal to the 
honor and justice of a British naval officer would have experienced an 
ingenuous and generous reply ; but my request met a different fate. The 
treatment I received was consistent with the severity that I have in every 
other instance experienced from him. My respectful application was 
made a mockery to my sufferings, by an answer, ' That I might refer 
myself to the 3d article of chapter 2d, section 12th, of the Naval Instruc- 
tions.' I need not tell this Honourable Court, that the clause alluded to 
merely enacts, that it is compulsory on the officer who shall preside at a 
court-martial, ' to take care that a copy of the charge or complaint be de- 
livered to the person accused, as soon as may be, after he shall have re- 
ceived the order to hold such court-martial, and not less than twenty-four 
hours before the trial.' This, the Court is aware, is only a precaution that 
no surprise, accident, or collusion, may prevent the prisoner from receiving 
an official copy of the charges on which he is to be tried. 
" In many cases, it would be utterly impossible, from the nature of the 



170 COMMANDERS. 

charges, and the evidence required, to prepare for trial in twenty-four 
hours, or in as many days. The Court well knows that it is a debt due to 
honor, to justice, and to liberality, that when charges of so serious a nature 
have been determined to be preferred, that the nature and extent of those 
charges should be furnished, on a respectful application. In my case, 
where it was necessary that I should draw the chief of my witnesses and 
documents from New South Wales, I trust the Court will deem it un- 
usually oppressive, to deny me a knowledge of nay alledged offences. For- 
tune, however, has supplied me with those means of defence, of which the 
severity of my prosecutor would have deprived me. Colonel Foveaux, 
Colonel Johnstone, and others of my evidence, have arrived in England, 
and are DOW in attendance here. 

" I mention this fact, only to manifest to the Court, that I have been 
persecuted with an enmity that no offence could authorise, and, I have too 
great reason to believe, from motives that have little connection with the 
good of His Majesty's service. 

" Having made these general observations, I shall now proceed to 
answer the charges in the order they stand, and I beg the Judge Advocate 
will have the goodness to read the first charge. 

[The first charge was read.] 

" On the 29th of March, 1808, 1 arrive*} in Port Jackson from Norfolk 
Island and the Derwent, whither 1 had been previously despatched in the 
Lady Nelson, by Captain Bligh. On my anchoring I was informed, by a 
message, that he had been suspended from his functions, as governor, by 
Major Johnstone, the commanding officer of the New South Wales corps. 
I was, at the same time, acquainted, that it was expected I would not 
attempt to hold any communication with him. 

" As I had no connection with the superior military officer, and acknow- 
ledged no authority but that of Captain Bligb, I asserted it to be my duty 
to deliver to him the answers from Norfolk Island, &c. to the despatches 
which he had entrusted to my care, previous to the event of his being de- 
prived of his authority. I accordingly landed in the Cove, and walked 
up to Government-House, with the papers in my hand. 

" Being shewn into the parlour where Captain Bligh was, I found him 
unaccompanied by any other person than a lady by the name of Palmer. 
I then informed him, that as he had given me the despatches, I considered 
it to be my duty to deliver the answers to him, and him alone. The Court 
way judge of my surprise when Captain Bligh refused to take them, and 
said, ' Mr. Kent, you have done your duty, but I cannot receive them ; you 
must take them to Major Johnstone, as I have pledged my word of honor 
to him, as an officer and a gentleman, that I will not have any communi- 
cation with any of the officers or men of His Majesty's ship the Porpoise, 
or assume any command whatever, until His Majesty's pleasure shall be 
known on the subject of my arrest ; having been obliged to do so, to pre- 
vent my being closely confined to my house ?' 



COMMANDERS. 

" Thus authorised by Captain Bligh, I proceeded to Major Johnstone 
with the despatches, and communicated to him, by the particular desire 
of Captain Bligh himself, that I had been at Government-House, and 
what had there passed. It does not become me, perhaps, to expatiate on 
this occurrence. The Court will here see Captain Bligh declining all 
authority or power, both as governor of the colony, and commander of 
His Majesty's ships, under a pledge of his solemn word of honor, as an 
officer and a gentleman, under no compulsion (as he himself stated) but to 
purchase an increased personal liberty, and seeking a sort of merit of the 
confessed surrender of his authority, by desiring I would communicate to 
Major Johnstone what had transpired at my interview at Government 
House. The feelings which arose in ray mind on that occasion will occur 
to every member of this Honorable Court. If Captain Bligh was un- 
justly deprived of his authority, the proud spirit of the navy would per- 
haps have expected, that he would have disdained to outlive his command, 
and still more, that he would have spurned to negociate for a little exten- 
sion of personal liberty, by a formal recognition of his suspension, even 
for one hour. 

" Although there be an apparent contradiction in the evidence given 
yesterday by Mr. Griffin, to the statement I have now the honor to make, 
yet I feel a perfect assurance, before the evidence I mean to produce is 
closed, that this Honorable Court will be convinced that the testimony 
of that solitary witness, is, to speak in the mildest terms of it, both incon- 
sistent and contradictory; and that his zeal to support the cause for which 
he has been brought forward, has induced him to throw a weight on the 
one scale, evidently designed to preponderate to my prejudice. 

" The subsequent conduct of Captain Bligh renders these observations 
a painful duty. The Court will hereafter perceive him on one day, in a 
solemn and formal manner, recognizing his suspension, and on another 
day, and in one instance, on the very same day, wantonly and dangerously 
asserting his authority, involving me in the most perplexing embarrass- 
ment, himself in mortifying contradiction, and, at the same time, risking 
the peace of the colony, by vain efforts to violate the solemn pledge he 
had come under, as an officer and a gentleman. 

" On the 13th of April I received a letter from Major Johnstone, in- 
closing a commission from Captain Bligh, appointing me commander of 
His Majesty's ship the Porpoise, in the place of John Putland, Esq. de- 
ceased. In that letter Major Johnstone informed me, that although he 
had granted Captain Bligh permission to send me this commission through 
his hands, the peace of the colony, and the welfare of His Majesty's ser- 
vice, required that I should hold no further communication with him, 
either by letters or messages ; and for my satisfaction and authority, he 
inclosed me a copy of a letter, wherein Captain Bligh solemnly pledges 
his word of honor as an officer, that he will not assume any command 
whatever until His Majesty's pleasure is known on his supercession; and 



172 COMMANDERS. 

I beg leave to read the correspondence which can be proved by wit- 
nesses." 

We select the following from the letters read by Lieute- 
nant Kent at this stage of the proceedings : 

" Sydney* l y ' A March, 1808. 

" Sir, I am commanded by his Honor, the Lieutenant-Governor, to 
inform you, that the objections expressed in your letter of the llth ultimo, 
against the Pegasus, occasioned him to defer making any conclusive 
agreement for the hire of that vessel, until her repairs should be com- 
pleted, and he should be enabled by the report of experienced officers and 
ship carpenters, to form a correct opinion of her condition. 

" A survey has, in consequence, been held upon her, and a favourable 
report has been made; but circumstances have arisen, which have induced 
her owner to decline freighting her to Government. The Lieutenant-Go- 
rernor has directed me to enclose a copy of the order and report of survey, 
that you may be satisfied that he never entertained a thought of sending 
you home in an unsafe ship. 

" I am further ordered to express the Lieut-Governor's great regret, 
that none of the ships have arrived which you appear to have ex- 
pected this mouth ; and to inform you, that, as the winter season is ad- 
vancing, he considers himself obliged to hasten your departure. 

" You are aware, Sir, that the choice of means to carry this measure 
into effect, is extremely circumscribed, and that there is no ship in this 
port, on board which you and your family can be comfortably accommo- 
dated, except H. M. ship Porpoise. 

" The accompanying copy of a letter to the acting-commander of 
H. M. ship, and that of his reply, will convince you, that there are insupe- 
rable objections to your going on-board the Porpoise, unless, at your own 
particular request, and under a solemn engagement, on your word of honor 
as an officer, that you will not attempt to assume any command; and that 
you will consider yourself in arrest until His Majesty's pleasure shall be 
signified on your late supercession. 

" On these conditions being acquiesced in, the Lieutenant-Governor has 
commanded me to inform you, that a requisition shall be made to acting 
Captain Symons, to receive you and your family on board, and to proceed 
to England ; but should you think it proper, or prudent, to reject this 
arrangement, much as the Lieutenant-Goveruor will regret separating you 
from your family, and being obliged to put you on-board a vessel, in 
which he cannot procure you suitable accommodation} yet a sense of 
duty, arising from a regard to the welfare of the colony, and the honor of 
His Majesty's service, leaves him no choice but that of sending you home 
in the ship Dart, now ready to sail. I have the honor to be, &c. 

(Signed) " N. BAYLEY, Secretary." 

" Wm. Bligh, Esq." 



COMMANDERS. 173 

" Government-House, Sydney, March 24, 1808. 

" Sir, I have to acknowledge the receipt of your secretary's letter of 
this day's date, stating, ' that he is commanded by you to inform me, in 
answer to my letter of yesterday's date, that it has been your unceasing 
study, ever since I was put in arrest, to avoid saying or doing any thing 
towards me, at which the most scrupulous delicacy could take offence ; and 
that when you caused to be signified, that I should be required to embark 
on-board the Dart, you naturally concluded I must have understood, that 
if the requisition was not complied with, it would most certainly be en- 
forced: also, that he is further commanded to acquaint me, that inquiries 
have been made respecting the Fox, and that the result has not removed 
your objections to my embarking in that vessel; that, in answer to my ob- 
servation, that I had expressed great regret that none of the vessels had 
arrived, which were alluded to in my letter of the llth ult. he is directed 
to refer me to that letter, as an evidence, that the Fox cannot be consi- 
dered as one of the vessels which I signified was to be expected in this 
month ; but that I may not be led into an unavailing controversy on words, 
he is commanded distinctly to state again, that I shall be expected to em- 
bark on-board the Dart on the 1st of April, unless I shall prefer taking 
my passage in H. M. S. Porpoise, on the conditions already proposed; and 
that, as the time fixed for the sailing of the Dart is so short, my immediate 
answer is expected.' 

" In reply thereto, I therefore acquaint you, that the Dart being the 
only vessel offered, besides H. M. S. Porpoise ; and having very sufficient 
and satisfactory reasons for objecting to proceed in that vessel, as I shall 
make appear to His Majesty's Ministers, and my Lords Commissioners of 
the Admiralty, I do, on that account only, agree to take my passage in 
H. M. S. Porpoise, on the conditions prescribed by you, in your secretary's 
letter of the 19th inst. I am, &c. (Signed) " Wai. BLIGH. 

" To his Honor Lieut.-Governor Johnstone. 

On the 31st of the same month, Commodore Bligh ad- 
dressed Lieutenant-Governor Johnstone as follows : 

****# 4 S captain, therefore, of H. M. ship Porpoise, and commo- 
dore commanding H. M. ships and vessels in these seas, I do again request 
to go on-board the Porpoise, where proper accommodations can be fitted up 
for the officer who attends me officially from you, and with whom I engage 
to present myself to the first general-officer he finds it his duty to attend 
on, when we arrive in England. (Signed) " WM. BLIGH." 

" Captain Bligh," continues Lieutenant Kent, " is here seen under his 
own hand, in a manner the most sacred and binding on a British officer, 
officially and explicitly surrendering every right of command or interfer- 
ence in the colony, till His Majesty's pleasure was ascertained on his arrest. 

" On the 15th of April, the copy of a letter from Colonel Paterson to 



174 COMMANDERS. 

Lieutenant James Symons, late acting commander of the Porpoise, was 
transmitted to me by Lieutenant Symons, in which the colonel requests 
him to bring down the Porpoise to Port Dalrymple, with a supply of stores 
and provisions for that settlement, and to bring him up to Port Jackson, 
in order to his taking the government on him, during the suspension of 
Captain Bligh. Major Johnstone also made to me a similar request. I 
proceeded, therefore, in H. M. ship under my command, and arrived at 
that settlement on the 27th of the same month. After landing the stores, 
&c. I received a letter from Colonel Paterson, which I take the liberty 
to read. 

" Port Dalrymple, ran Diemen's Land, May 7, 1808. 

" Sir, I have to acknowledge the receipt of your letter, acquainting 
me of the arrival of His Majesty's ship Porpoise, with a supply of provi- 
sions and stores for the colony, and for the purpose of conveying me to 
Port Jackson ; but I must inform you, that a representation from Major 
Johnstone, referent to the intention I had formed, causes me to protract 
my leaving this settlement until I am possessed of some further informa- 
tion necessary on the subject of it. 

" I have, at the same time, to express my particular satisfaction at the 
alacrity with which you have complied with the request I had judged it 
expedient to make, for the benefit of His Majesty's service ; and to inform 
you I shall not fail to apprize His Majesty's Ministers of the promptitude 
of your attention. I have the honor to be, &c. 

(Signed) " W. PATEHSON." 

" To Captain Kent, commanding H. M. S. Porpoise." 

" On the 15th of May I got under weigh, and in dropping down the 
harbour, the ship unfortunately struck on a sunken rock, which misfor- 
tune, with other adverse occurrences from bad weather, but not material 
to my case, prevented my arrival at Port Jackson till the 26th of May. 

" This service of conveying stores and provisions to Port Dalrymple is 
the ground of the first charge; and I am accused of proceeding on that 
voyage, without the order of Captain Bligh, or any person duly authorised 
to give such order. But the Honorable Court will please to observe, that 
I did not sail till a written recognition of Captain Bligh's suspension, 
under his own hand, was transmitted to me, in which he solemnly re- 
nounces any command whatever, or any interference in the affairs of the 
colony. Could I conceive that acquiescence in the request of the acting 
government, so recognised by Captain Bligh himself, would afterwards be 
made the vehicle of n charge, which in fact accuses me of the grossest act 
of insubordination ? Could I, consistently with my duty, and having Cap- 
tain Bligh's written recognition of his suspension in my hand, which vir- 
tually exacted from me obedience to the acting government, refuse to go 
to sea ? What defence could I have made, had I, by such refusal, entailed 
serious injury on the dependant colonies ? The Court will perceive, by my 



COMMANDERS. 

conduct on a subsequent occasion, when Captain Bligh was permitted to 
have comrnunicatidn with tne, hotv solicitous I was, tinder the most 
urgent and delicate circumstances, to pay every scrupulous obedience to 
any orders proceeding from Captain Bligh. 

" I have now to beg the Judge Advocate will be pleased to read the 
Second Charge. 

[The Second Charge was read.] 

" On the 28th of July, 1808, the Lady Sinclair transport arrived from 
England, having on board Lieutenant Governor Foveaux, who the next 
(lay took on himself the government. On that occasion, Captain Bligh 
requested to have communication with the officers of his Majesty's ship 
the Porpoise, which was complied with. 

" The next day I waited on Captain Bligh, when he began to abuse me 
in a most approbrious and unofficer-like manner. It is impossible for me 
to describe, in adequate terms, his language, tone, and manner. No one 
who IKS not been under the command of Captain Bligh, can forma just 
notion of the style of abuse I suffered, for not having, as he termed it, 
reinstated him in his government. He told me, with extreme violence, if 
I knew my duty, I would begin and blow down the town of Sydney about 
the ears of its inhabitants, until they gave him up the command of the 
government. Astonished to hear this language from the very person who 
refused to receive the dispatches I brought him, and who had explicitly as- 
sured me be had solemnly pledged his word of honor as an officer, in 
no way to interfere in any command till His Majesty's pleasure was known, 
and from whose hand a written pledge had been shewn me to the same pur- 
pose, I scarcely knew how to proceed. I answered, however, 'That as 
to blowing down the town of Sydney, I was sorry to differ from him ; but 
that, under the existing circumstances, combined with the solemn pledge 
he had assured me he had stipulated with the acting government, and of 
which ; I Kad, as already mentioned, been furnished with an official copy, I 
couW'not conceive it my duty, without positive instructions or authority in 
writing, to attempt an act that would inevitably sacrifice the lives of so 
many innocent persons, *and would destroy so much public and private 
property.' Captain Bligh then flew into a more violent rage, and empha- 
tically told me, that some day or other he would make me repent not 
knowing my duty. I have, indeed, since found, that no time nor reflec- 
tion, nor my most studious precaution to avoid offence, could alter his de- 
termination, or diminish his resentment. 

" It will not fail to be remembered by this Honorable Court, that al- 
though Captain Bligh made this unexpected, unprovoked, and, I trust, 
unmerited attack on me, on the ground of my not blowing down the town 
of Sydney, he had never given me either verbal or written orders to such an 
effect ; but that, merely in a paroxysm of rage, while he had been indulged 
as a prisoner, to have communication with me, he availed himself of that 
opportunity to upbraid me with not having voluntarily committed an act of 



176 COMMANDERS. 

violence, which, had I attempted to put it in execution, this Court and the 
public would have considered as an act of insanity, as can easily be sub- 
stantiated, if necessary, by respectable witnesses in attendance. 

" The Court would perhaps almost doubt that such a proposition was 
ever made to me by Captain Bligh, and I should have been unable to 
prove it, farther than by my solemn assertion, on the honor of an officer, 
as on many such occasions he cautiously spoke to me, and vented his abuse 
when no witness was present : but it happens fortunately for me, and for 
the satisfaction of the Court, that Captain Porteous, of His Majesty's 
ship the Porpoise, who is in attendance, can prove, that Captain Bligh 
made a proposition to him also to blow down the town of Sydney, and 
that he not liking, in so serious a case, to trust to the verbal order of 
Captain Bligh, requested written instructions, but from which request the 
prosecutor shrunk. I was, after this interview with Captain Bligh, per- 
mitted to have occasional communication with him, until the 16th of Sep- 
tember, when he informed me that Lieutenant-Governor Foveaux was 
going to put an end to all intercourse between him and the officers of the 
Porpoise, for the purpose of sending her to Port Dalrymple, and he 
asked me if I would go to sea without his orders. I answered, ' Cer- 
tainly not, Sir, if it be your wish.' We then walked out before the house, 
and I purposely continued to speak on the subject of all communication 
being broken off between him and the Porpoise ; and I submitted to him 
the propriety of his giving me written instructions for my government. 
The Court may conjecture my astonishment, when he replied, ' Captain 
Kent, you know I have solemnly pledged my word of honour, that I will 
assume no command until His Majesty's pleasure is knuwn on my super- 
cession.' Notwithstanding this, it is proper to state, that Captain Bligli, 
but a few days before, gave me a written order to fit the ship with the 
utmost despatch for him to proceed in her to England ! ! ! 
' " In corroboration of this fact, I beg leave to read the correspondence 
which took place between Colonel Foveaux, Captain Bligh, and myself, 
on the subject. 

"Head-quarters, Sydney, \TthSeptcmler, 1808. 

*' Sir, I inclose you a copy of a letter from Captain Bligh, by which 
you will perceive he professes an intention not to proceed to England, and 
in which he refers me to you, as commander of His Majesty's ship Por- 
poise. I have to acquaint you, that I have found myself under the neces- 
sity of forbidding Captain Bligh to hold any further intercourse with you, 
or any of the officers, or persons under your command, this being the 
only alternative I have left to prevent the Porpoise and the Lady Nelson 
from being kept altogether useless to the colony, for whose service you, 
Sir, must be aware they are entirely intended. 

" After this communication, I presume it will only be needful to request 
you will immediately give orders for the Lady Nelson to proceed to the 



COMMANDERS. 177 

Coal River, to perform the service specified in my letter to you of the 1st 
instant. I have the honour to be, &e. 

(Signed) " J. FOVEAUX." 

" Captain Kent, H.M.S. Porpoise." 

" Government House, Sydney, Sept. 16, 1808. 

" Sir, In reply to your letter of yesterday, I have to inform you that it 
is my intention to remain in the colony until His Majesty's pleasure shall be 
known. 

" His Majesty's ship Porpoise has Captain Kent to command her, and 
if you prevent me of communicating with him, I, in my present situa- 
tion, cannot prevent it. I am, Sir, &c. 

(Signed) " W. BMGH." 

" Lieutenant-Colonel Foveaux." 

" H.M.S. Porpoise, Sydney Cove, Port Jackson, Sept. 18, 1808. 

" Sir, I cannot but express my astonishment at your having, so short 
a time back, permitted Commodore Bligh to have communication with 
His Majesty's ship Porpoise, and to take upon himself the command of her; 
and in your letter of yesterday's date to me, signify that there shall be no 
further communication between him and me, nor any of the officers or 
persons under iny command. 

" I beg to inform you, that I received an order from Commodore 
Bligh (which he has not yet countermanded) to fit out His Majesty's 
ship Porpoise for sea with all possible despatch, for the purpose of 
conveying him to England; and I am sorry that, never having received 
the stores I applied for, it has not been in my power to complete fitting 
out the ship, as was intended. 

" I further beg leave to inform you, that as there has been no officer 
appointed to the command of the Lady Nelson since I left her to join His 
Majesty's ship Porpoise, on promotion, except at the time the Porpoise 
was heaving down, judging it for the benefit of His Majesty's service, I 
thought proper to spare Lieutenant Ellison to command her on a voyage to 
Hawkesbury, for grain; but as His Majesty's ship Porpoise is .now 
nearly in a fit state for sea, I have ordered Lieutenant Ellison to join her 
again, to do his duty as acting lieutenant accordingly. I am, &c. 

(Signed) " WM. KENT." 

" His Honor Lieutenant- Governor Foveaux, fyc. 3fc." 

" Head-quarters, Sydney, Sept. 19, 1808. 

" Sir, As I am of opinion that my entering, at this peculiar juncture, 
into further explanation of my motives for restraining Captain Bligh from 
holding any official communications with yourself and the officers of the 
Porpoise, would retard, rather than facilitate the object of His Majesty's 
service, I think it advisable to decline any such discussion. 

" Notwithstanding the orders you have received from Captain Bligh, to 

VOL, IV. PART I. N 



1J8 COMMANDERS. 

prepare the Porpoise to convey him to England, I presume the copy of 
his letter that I inclosed on the 17th inst. will have convinced you that he 
has no intention of leaving this colony ; and I persuade myself, that your 
zeal for the public service will induce you to concur with me in the adop- 
tion of such measures for the future employment of His Majesty's ship 
now under your command, as the necessities of the dependent settlements 
may require. 

" The demands you made on the 13th inst. have not as yet been com- 
plied with, because some of the articles are not in the stores; and there are 
points reupecting others upon which I am desirous to inform myself. 

" Referring to your notification of the removal of Lieutenant Ellison 
from the Lady Nelson, I hope an officer qualified to command her may be 
immediately appointed, that the colony may be no longer deprived of her 
services ; and I beg again to repeat my request, that she may be despatched 
as soon as possible to Newcastle. I have the honour, &c. 

(Signed) " J. FOVEAUX." 

" Captain Kent, H.M.S. Porpoise, Sfc. fyc. n 

" His Majesty's Ship Porpoise, Sydney Cove, 
Port Jackson, Sept. 19, 1808. 

" Sir, In consequence of having received a letter from you of this day's 
date, I beg to inform you, that, as I cannot have any communication with 
Commodore Bligh, and as it appears by your letter that he has no inten- 
tion of proceeding to England at present in His Majesty's ship under my 
command ; that my zeal for the benefit of His Majesty's service, induces 
me to comply with your request, although in the peculiar circumstances I 
am at present placed in. At the same time, I have to observe, that it was 
always ray wish and study to facilitate His Majesty's service as much as lay 
in my power; but while Commodore Bligh had communication with His 
Majesty's ship Porpoise, I could not act otherwise than by his directions. 

" I shall send an officer from His Majesty's ship to take charge of the 
Lady Nelson; but should His Majesty's ship proceed to sea on any particular 
duty that His Majesty's service may require, I shall be under the necessity 
of recalling the officer lent, as she is not sufficiently provided with officers 
to carry on the duty. I am, &c. 

(Signed) " WM. KENT." 

" His Honor Lieutenant-Governor Foveaux, fyc. fyc." 

" This conduct, so irreconcileable either with open and avowed com- 
mand, or a formal surrender of authority, placed me in the most dis- 
tressing predicament. To act under orders which the person who gave 
them would not avow, or even commit to writing to act under orders 
which the person who gave them declared to me were a violation of his 
word of honor, solemnly pledged, and even given under his hand, was a 
situation in which, I think, no other British officer was ever placed. Had 
it been consistent with my duty and character so to have dissembled my 



COMMANDERS. 

knowledge of the written pledge, formally delivered by Governor Bligh to 
the acting government, he had himself put an end to any doubt, by desiring 
me, when he refused to take the despatches I brought from Norfolk Is- 
land, to inform Major Johnstone that such refusal had taken place, and 
that Governor Bligh wished me to state, his conduct arose from the engage- 
ment he had entered into that he would assume no command, nor in any 
manner interfere in the affairs of the colony. 

" I appeal to this Court, whether this recognition of his suspension, 
contrasted with clandestine efforts to gain possession of his lost authority, 
in utter breach of his public pledge, was not calculated to destroy all my 
confidence in Captain Bligh, and to warrant me in requesting either written, 
instructions, or orders in the presence of such witnesses as might here- 
after be called in my vindication. Had I, from mere desultory and unat- 
tested suggestions of Captain Bligh, fired on the town of Sydney, and its 
inhabitants, or had I refused to convey provisions to Port Dalrymple, to 
relieve the pressing wants of His Majesty's subjects there, and my conduct 
had been offensive to my sovereign, what defence could I have urged to 
vindicate my character ? How could I, without an order to produce from 
Captain Bligh, have exculpated myself? or how could I have excused 
myself for neglecting the official and pressing applications for nay assis- 
tance, from the acting government ? 

"This Honorable Court will do me the favour to remember, that 
when Captain Bligh asked me if I would proceed to Port Dalrymple 
without his order, I instantly told him, ' No, certainly, if he wished 
otherwise :' yet Captain Bligh abstained from giving me any order, and 
positively refused to give me written instructions. 

" I have since learned, indeed, that Captain Bligh transmitted his wish 
through Lieutenant-Governor Foveaux, but that wish was not only not 
then conveyed to me, but I was utterly ignorant of its existence until after 
my return, when I was put under an arrest ; and of this fact Captain 
Bligh was apprised by a letter from Lieutenant-Governor Foveaux, on the 
26th of October, 1808. Yet is my sailing to Port Dalrymple, this 
second time, made the chief ground of my trial, after a rigorous and close 
confinement of almost two years. 

" As Lieutenant-Governor Foveaux has done me the favour to attend 
here as a witness, the Court will learn from him, most distinctly, that the 
letter he received from Captain Bligh, forbidding me to leave the Cove, 
never reached me. Colonel Foveaux will also inform the Court, that as 
Captain Bligh had solemnly pledged himself, on the honor of an officer, 
not to interfere in the affairs of the colony until His Majesty's pleasure 
was known on his arrest, that he considered such an order, issuing from 
Captain Bligh, as a direct violation of his pledge, and therefore deemed 
himself at liberty to suppress it. But the motives which actuated Colonel 
Foveaux, he will, if necessary, explain. All I wish is, to prove that the 
order never reached me, and that Captain Bligh, if he did not distinctly 

N2 



189 COMMANDERS. 

collect that fact from Lieutenant-Governor Foveaux's letter, might at any 
time have ascertained the true state of the case. If I may be permitted to 
draw any inference from the suppression of that order by Lieutenant-Go- 
vernor Foveaux, it warrants me in saying that he knew, if I had received 
that order, that I should have obeyed it, although under such peculiarly 
delicate circumstances. 

" The Court will pleaae to keep in view, that one of the principal 
motives for Lieutenant-Governor Foveaux's permitting Captain Bligh to 
hold communication with me, was the idea Captain Bligh held forth, of 
his serious intention to proceed in the ship to England ; but this, as will 
appear, like other matters, was mere delusion on the part of Captain 
Bligh. 

" In one of Captain Bligh 's standing orders, of the 26th of August, 
1806, two commissioned officers of His Majesty's ship Porpoise are di- 
rected to attend, as members of the criminal court, (on the application of 
the Judge Advocate) and to ait as the law directs. , 

" Lieutenant Governor Foveaux having directed a criminal court to as- 
semble, I was requested to sit as a member of it. I waited on Captain 
Bligh, when he directed me, verbally, that I should not sit on any criminal 
court. As soon as I retired, I addressed a letter to him " on service" in* 
forming him that a precept had been sent me, for my attendance as a 
member of a criminal court, and requesting to be informed if I should 
obey his order of the 26th of August, 1806. 

" I received a letter, in answer, to acquaint me, ' that when I saw his 
name to a precept, I was to obey that order ; but not before.' In this di- 
lemma, I addressed the Judge Advocate, and informed him I could not 
attend, in consequence of orders I had received, until Captain Bligh's 
name appeared on the precept. Lieutenant-Goveropr Foveaux immedi- 
ately wrote to Captain Bligh, to know how he came to issue such an order. 
The Court will scarcely credit the/c/, but Captain Bligh positively denied 
that he had given any order of the kind, and that he had left it to my own 
discretion to sit or not, as I chose. Captain Bligh's letter was transmitted 
to me by Lieutenant-Governor Foveaux, and I was reduced to the painful 
necessity of vindicating myself by the incontestible proof of Captain Bligh's 
disregard of accuracy. I will not give it a harsher name. I immediately 
Inclosed to Lieutenant-Governor Foveaux Captain Bligh's letter, in which 
the denied order is explicitly given on that very day. 

" I leave this fact to make the impression it cannot fail to do on the 
minds of this Honorable Court. I mention it as a fact I can distinctly 
prove, to manifest to the Court that some parts of Captain Bligh's con- 
duct created my anxiety to act from his orders, either written, or such as 
I could prove by witnesses. 

" I abstain from mentioning other acts which equally impaired my con- 
fidence in Captain Bligh, because I will state nothing of which I am de- 
prived of the proof. 



COMMANDERS. 181 

" After a passage of six days, I arrived at Port Dalryraple on the 7th 
of November, and having landed the provisions and stores, I took'on board 
Lieutenant-Governor Paterson, with whom I arrived on the 3 1st of De~ 
cember. It is on the commencement of this voyage that I am accused of 
striking Captain Bligh's broad pendant. But as no evidence has been 
brought forward to support it, the charge requires no answer ; nor shall I 
trespass farther on the time of the Court, than to say, that the pendant 
never was struck by my order, except when the ship was at sea, when, ac- 
cording to the usage of the service in like cases, it was hauled down, and on 
her return to port again, was immediately re-hoisted. 

" On the 1st of January, 1809, Captain Porteous of the navy, (who 
had arrived from England on the 15th of November) came on board, read 
his commission, and superseded me. He informed me, that having arrived 
during my absence, he had been permitted to communicate \yith Governor 
Bligh, and he had received his orders to acquaint me, I was to consider 
myself under arrest. From that day, until the 15th November, 1810, I 
remained in arrsst, and for thirteen months was confined a close prisoner 
to the ship ; nor did I know the nature even of the charges, until my arrival 
at Portsmouth on the 1st of this instant January. 

" Surprised at the severity of my imprisonment, so unusually rigorous, 
I made respectful and repeated applications to be apprised of my supposed 
crimes, that I might be prepared for my defence, in case of a court- 
martial, or that I might attempt to remove any misconception, which had 
caused my confinement. Under so long a privation of common exercise, 
and feeling the hardship of my situation, with all the anxiety of a British 
officer so disgraced, my health gave way, and I became so emaciated, that 
I found it necessary to request a medical survey, to entitle me to the indul- 
gence of exercise. The Court will be surprised to hear, that in violation 
of all rules and precedents, and in total disregard of common humanity, I 
was denied the survey I, for such urgent reasons, earnestly solicited ; and it 
is probable I owe my present existence only to a naturally strong consti- 
tution. 

" I have now to request the Judge Advocate will be pleased to read the 
third charge. 

[The third charge was read.] 

" As to this third charge, I am at a loss how to shape my defence, as I 
cannot, from its language, form any accurate idea of my offence. The 
acting government, with the knowledge of Captain Bligh, find it expedient 
that His Majesty's Ministers should be forthwith apprised of the important 
occurrences that had taken place in the colony. Lieutenant Symons hav- 
ing signified his desire to return to England, was entrusted with the go- 
vernment despatches, in the Rose, a merchant vessel. 

" I neither deemed it my duty, nor for the good of His Majesty's ser- 
vice, to interfere ia an arrangement that seemed so vitally essential to the 



182 COMMANDERS. 

welfare and interests of Captain Bligh himself, and of a nature so impe- 
riously necessary for the tranquillty of the colony, and the early interposi- 
tion of His Majesty's Government. Had Captain Bligh sent me an order 
to prevent the sailing of Lieutenant Symons, peculiar as my situation 
would have been, I should have felt it my duty to obey his commands, 
even although he had so publicly and solemnly renounced any interference 
or authority, because the production of such order, though it might have 
deeply impeached the honour of Captain Bligh, would have been my vin- 
dication as an inferior officer. 

" I solemnly protest to the Court, that I acted under a firm belief that 
Captain Bligh was privy and consenting to the arrangement. 

" As to Lieutenant Symons having discharged himself from His Majes- 
ty's service, I have only to state, that he was my senior officer, and this 
circumstance, alluded to in the charge, took place before I joined the Por- 
poise, as vvill appear from the muster-books produced ; and so far from 
the Admiralty being dissatisfied with Lieutenant Symons's conduct in this 
respect, he was ordered to receive his pay by bill and compensation, as 
marked in the muster-books ; besides, he has, ever since his arrival in 
England, been employed, and he is now one of the lieutenants of the Vestal 
frigate. 

" These are the observations which I have deemed it my duty to offer 
to the Court, to repel the charges this day brought against me, and to 
vindicate my character from the imputation which a long and rigorous con- 
finement of twenty-three months would naturally raise. Having never be- 
fore sustained the slightest accusation, though I have been in the service 
from ten years of age, I am unaccustomed to the duty of defence, but I am 
well aware, that in the honor and justice of this Court I may repose with 
greater confidence, for the assertion of my innocence, and the vindication 
of my character, than in any talent or ingenuity, or experience, which 
I could have possessed. 

" My services, with few exceptions, have been of a humble, but I would 
hope, of a meritorious kind. But that I am taught by the principles of 
my profession, cheerfully and zealously to do my duty wherever called, I 
should perhaps be forgiven by this Court, for venturing to lament that 
nine years of the best period of my life have been consumed in New South 
Wales. When I remember that I served as midshipman on board the 
Tigre, with Sir William Sidney Smith, and had the happiness of being a 
humble associate in the defence of St. Jean D'Acre, being quartered on the 
walls of that place, I hope the Court will pardon my uttering the language 
of regret, that upright intentions and honest zeal in a most critical crisis 
in New South Wales, should have exposed me to the privations, sufferings, 
and imputations which this prosecution has entailed upon me. 

" Though the reputation of a British naval officer is the pride and best 
possession of his life, yet I cannot feel insensible, also, to the affectionate 
anxiety of relatives, whose lives have also been entirely devoted to the service, 



COMMANDERS. 183 

nor to the kind solicitude of all who know me. From my cradle, my only 
ambition has been to live and die in the service of my sovereign with an un- 
tainted reputation : the best efforts of my head and heart have been exerted 
to attain that end. Governor Bligh has been pleased to attack my charac- 
ter with charges of a nature, which, if established to the extent of his un- 
favorable constructions, blasts my best hopes, and obscures every prospect 
in life. In this Court I repose my honor and reputation, with a perfect 
confidence, arising from a consciousness of innocence. I eagerly and anx- 
uusly sought the investigation of this day, and I look with confidence, but 
with the deepest respect, to the event of your decision. 

(Signed) " W. G. C. KENT." 

" H. M. S. Gladiator, 9th Jan. 1811." 

" Mr. EDMUND GRIFFIN sworn, and examined by the Prisoner. 

" Q. During the period of Captain Bligh's arrest, had you any opportu- 
uity of conveying to me Captain Bligh's orders and wishes ? A. Not until 
the 30th of July ; I conveyed his wishes in conversation, as from myself. 

" Q. Did you ever communicate any orders to me from Captain Bligh, 
as to the line of conduct I was to pursue, as acting commander of the Por- 
poise ? A. No, I did not : I was cautioned by Governor Bligh not to men- 
tion it as coming from him. 

" Q. What prevented you from conveying those orders ? A. Gover- 
nor Bligh considered Mr. Kent so very intimate with the persons who had 
him in confinement, that he concluded he would communicate all orders 
received from him. 

" Q. Could Captain Bligh, at almost any time, have come on board, 
and assumed the command of the ship ? A. No. 

" Q. Being, as you were, in the confidence of Captain Bligh, inform the 
Court (if you are acquainted with them) what his reasons were for not giv- 
ing me either verbal or written orders for my guidance, in the peculiar cir- 
cumstances I was placed in, when, to your knowledge, those orders and 
instructions might have been safely conveyed to me. A. I apprehend they 
might have put him into closer confinement, or removed him from Govern- 
ment-house. 

" Q. Has Captain Bligh given you the usual and necessary certificates 
to enable you to receive the pay due to you, while serving under his com- 
mand ? No, not the whole of them. 

" Q. Hare you ever applied to him for them ? A. Yes. 

"Q. What reason did he assign for refusing to comply with your re- 
quest ? A. He said that they could be of no use to me at present, as he 
was not ordered to be paid as commodore yet, and I could not be paid un- 
til he was, as his secretary. 

" Q. Has not Captain Bligh told you that you must wait until after the 
court-martial was over, or promised to give them to you at that period, or 
words to that effect ? A. No ; he spoke generally to me, saying, there 



184 COMMANDERS. 

were a number of things to do yet, and a number of papers to complete, 
which I bad not done. I said, of course, I would do them, if there were any. 
" Q. Have you not mentioned to your friends, that Captain Bligh ex- 
pressed his satisfaction at the Porpoise going down to Port Dairy mplc ? 
A. No, never. 

" Q. You have sworn, in your evidence of yesterday, that you were pre- 
sent when I waited on Captain Bligh, on my return from Norfolk Island, 
on the 29th March, 1808 ; was any other person present ? A. There was 
a lady or two present Miss Palmer and Mrs. Putland. 

" Q. You saw me offer the despatches I had brought with me to Gover- 
nor Bligh? A. Yes. 

" Q. Did he receive or reject those despatches ? A. He did not receive 
them ; he gave Mr. Kent permission to deliver them to Major Johnstone, 
considering them relative to the settlers being removed from Norfolk Is- 
land, and as he had not the power to attend to any application or request. 
" Q. You hare given in evidence, on the prosecution, that Captain Bligh 
had peremptorily refused to subscribe to the conditions prescribed to him 
by Major Johnstone ? A. I have, to those that were inclosed in Major 
Johnstone's letter to him, in reply to Commodore Bligh's, inclosing Lieu- 
tenant Kent's acting commission. 

" Q. As that letter contains an unequivocal pledge that Captain Bligh 
will comply with the conditions prescribed to him by Colonel Johnstone, in 
his letter dated the 19th of March (already read), explain to the Court 
your inducement for swearing before the Court yesterday, that he had 
given no pledge ? A. I believe I have said, that he would not subscribe to 
the conditions in Colonel Johnstone's, in answer to Captain Bligh's letter, 
inclosing Lieutenant Kent's commission ; Lieutenant Symons, who had 
appointed himself, had the command of the Porpoise at that time ; the let. 
ters read are of a date antecedent to that I alluded to." 

[The letter from Commodore Bligh to Lieutenant-Governor John- 
stone, dated the 24th of March, 1808, was shewn to the witness.] 
"Q. In whose hand-writing is the body of that letter? A. In mine." 
[Captain Bligh consented to a copy of a letter from N. Bayley being 
read as evidence, he not having the orignal by him. Letter read. 
Witness's former evidence read to him.} 

Examined by the Court. 

"Q. Were the customary papers, or log, on the ship's return to port, 
given to Commodore Bttgh by Lieutenant Kent? A. No, there were no 
papers of that kind delivered. 

" Q. Were they demanded ? A. No, I do not think they were. If I 
recollect right, there was a conversation as to the state of the vessel. 

" Q. Did the commodore, on that occasion, give any directions as com- 
modore of the squadron ? A. He gave him directions to keep himself se- 
parate from the persons who had him in confinement ; and, as I hare said 
before, not to obey any orders but his. 



COMMANDERS. 185 

" Q. Did Captain Bligh open the despatches that were offered him by 
the prisoner, before he ordered him to deliver them to Major Johnstone ? - 
A. They were directed to him as Governor Bligh, and he did not open them. 

" Q. As the commodore sent Lieutenant Kent's acting order through 
Major Johnstone, did he consider that the only channel of communication 
with the ships of war that was open to him ? A. He did, at that time, 
certainly. 

" Q. Was the intention with which the prisoner left Port Jackson, on the 
second occasion, never made known to Commodore Bligb, previous to his 
sailing? A. It was, by Major Johnstone and Colonel Foveaux, by letters. 

"Q. Could the prisoner, at that time, communicate with the commodore 
through any other means ? A. The communication went through Major 
Johnstone and Colonel Foveaux. The commodore was himself prohibited 
from communicating with the prisoner ; as it would have been dangerous 
for him to have done it. I have mentioned before that he did call once, 
and I spoke to the wrong time : I think I said he called after he received 
his commission j but it was before the correspondence with Major John- 
stone respecting his commission. I do not think the prisoner could com- 
municate, except through them (Major Johnstone and Colonel Foveaux) . 

" Q. Was it the commodore's intentions, at the time, that Lieutenant 
Syuaons should be arrested ? A. I cannot speak as to his intention, but 
he then expressed to me a wish that he should be arrested. 

" Q. Was that wish of the commodore's made known to the prisoner, 
prior to the time of Lieutenant Symons leaving the colony ? A. I do not 
recollect that it was, any farther than the letters I have referred to. 

" Q. From the state of the colony, and the peculiar circumstances in 
which Lieutenant Symons left it, do you think the prisoner could have 
arrested him, if he had been ordered so to do ? A. I really cannot say : 
I do not know if there would be any resistance, or not, as there was a guard 
on board. 

" Q. Between the end of July and November, when the commodore was 
allowed to communicate \vith the ships of war, did the prisoner wait on 
Captain Bligh, from time to time, to receive his orders ? A. He did. 

" Q. If the commodore had directed you to convey to the prisoner any 
order, either verbal or in writing, had you the means of doing so, between 
the period of his taking the command of the Porpoise and \i\sfirst sailing 
from Port Jackson in that ship? A. Yes. 

'* Q. Could you, at any time, have conveyed such orders between the 
26th of May and her second sailing, under the prisoner's command ? A. I 
could. 

" Q. Had you free access to the commodore at all times, to receive his 
orders between those dates ? A. Yes. 

" Q. Who was the senior officer, Lieutenant Symons, or Lieutenant 
Kent? A. Lieutenant Symons was by acting order j it was not known 
whether either of them was confirmed. 



186 COMiMANDKRS. 

" Q. Did Captain Bligh enter into any agreement with those that had 
put him into confinement, not to interfere with the ships of war under his 
command ? A. No further than by the letter dated the 19th of March, 
1808, (already read). 

" Q. After the commodore received the communication of the intended 
sailing of the Porpoise, could you have communicated any contrary orders 
to the prisoner, had he been disposed to have given them ? A. Yes. 

Questioned by the Prosecutor. 

" Q. What were the conditions required by Colonel Johnstone, when 
I transmitted Lieutenant Kent's commission ? are they contained in this 
paper ? 

"Sydney,3Qt/t March, 1808. 

" I am directed by his Honor the Lieut.-Governor, to wait upon you, 
Sir, and acquaint you, that, after considering your letter of this day's date 
(inclosing an order to Lieut. William Kent, to take upon himself the com- 
mand of H. M. S. Porpoise), that his Honor will cause that order to be for- 
warded to Lieutenant Kent, provided you think it proper to subscribe the 
following conditions : First, That you will not hereafter attempt to plead 
your having been permitted to give Lieut. Kent an order to assume the 
command of H. M. S. Porpoise, as a precedent, which can justify you in 
giving any future orders respecting H. M. S., until His Majesty's pleasure 
shall be known. Secondly, That you will write to Lieutenant Kent a let- 
ter (to l>e transmitted to him by his Honor the Lieutenant-Governor), 
wherein you shall pledge your word of honor as an officer, that you will 
not, after your embarkation on board His Majesty's ship Porpoise, assume 
any command, or consider yourself in the said ship otherwise than as a 
passenger, subject to the restraint of the military arrest in which you have 
been placed by his Honor the Lieutenant-Governor. 

(Signed) " N. BAYLEY, Secretary. 

" A. These are the conditions. 

" Q. Is that the hand-writing of Mr. Bayley ? [letter shewn.] A. It is. 

" Q. To the best of your knowledge, were you present at every conver- 
sation between the prisoner and me, whilst I was a prisoner? A. I was. 

" Q. Did I not, after his first return from Port Dalrymple, order Lieu- 
tenant Kent to obey no orders except those he received from me ? A. Yes. 

" Q. In what manner, between the 25th of October, when I received 
Colonel Foveaux's letter, could I have communicated to Lieutenant Kent 
any orders from me ? A. I could have done it, personally. 

" Q. Was all communication at that time stopped ? A. I mean to say 
that Governor Bligh was prevented by threats thrown out. I could have 
done it in any way. I was under no restriction. 

Examined by the Court. 
" Q. Do you know whether the prisoner considered himself under the 



COMMANDERS. 187 

orders of the commodore, during his confinement, until Captain Porteoug 
took the command of the ship ? A. Yes, I conceive he did. He told me, 
that when he arrived again, he should hoist the broad pendant, which he 
did, as he considered himself under the commodore's orders. He also 
said, that when he took the command of her, she was half-way down the 
harbour ; he considered her in a manner almost at sea. She had the long 
pendant flying. 

" Q. Was the morning and evening gun fired from the ship? A. It 
was fired shortly after the 30th of July until his sailing ; there was a letter 
from him to that effect, to know if it should be done. I do not think there 
was any omission. A letter was sent in answer to his, that the naval in- 
structions were to be his guide. 

" Q. Do you know of any disobedience on the part of the prisoner to 
the orders of the commodore, after you saw the broad pendant hoisted on 
board the Porpoise ? A. To his verbal orders, directing him not to sail 
after the 30th of July. 

" Q. After Captain Bligh was put under an arrest, does it come within 
your knowledge that he ever interfered or remonstrated with the then ex- 
isting government for the liberation of the commodore ? A. No, not to 
my knowledge ; but he told me he had made frequent application for com- 
munication, and that once Colonel Johnstone had even threatened to super- 
sede him ; which I ridiculed. 

" Q. As the prisoner never had official communication with the com- 
modore, and never received any orders through any other medium, during 
the commodore's arrest ; would, in your opinion, the not complying with 
the wishes of his employing His Majesty's vessels, have involved the co- 
lony in difficulties ? A. No, I do not ; with his not going for Colonel 
Paterson, if that could be called a difficulty, as that was the reason assigned. 

"Q. As you never officially communicated any orders from Captain 
Bligh, while under an arrest, had the prisoner sufficient reason to suppose 
that Captain Bligh, in his situation at that time, had given up his command, 
or acquiesced in his suspension, previous to the 30th of July, when com- 
munication was admitted ? A. No, he could have no other reason than 
what those letters of Commodore Bligh conveyed, as I conceive. 

" Q. Were any orders given by Commodore Bligh during the time the 
communication was open, from the 30th of July to the 15th of September ? 
A. Yes. 

" Q. If the prisoner suspended the operations of the men of war, after 
the confinement of Commodore Bligh, would it have involved the colony 
in difficulties? A. From the little knowledge I had at that time of the ex- 
isting government proceedings, I cannot say more than I have done. 

" Lieutenant-Colonel JOHNSTONS, of the \02d Regiment sworn, and 
examined by the Prisoner. 

" Q. When I arrived in His Majesty's armed tender, Lady Nelson, on 



188 COMMANDERS. 

the 29th of March, 1808, did I, to your knowledge, wait on Captain Bligh? 
A. Yes, you did. 

"On that day, did I bring you the despatches, which I brought from 
Norfolk Island and the Derwent, and acquaint you that I had seen Captain 
Bligh, and that he had ordered me to bring the despatches to you ; and 
that he had desired me to inform you, for your satisfaction, of the particu- 
lars of the conversation I had held with him, as he had pledged his word of 
honor, as an officer and a gentleman, not to assume any command, or 
have any intercourse with the officers and crewof the Porpoise? A. You did. 
[This question was objected to by the prosecutor, as too general.} 

" Q. When you sent me my warrant, on the 12th of April, 1808, from 
Captain Bligh, appointing me acting commander of His Majesty's ship 
Porpoise, did you inform me, that the peace of the colony, and the welfare 
of His Majesty's service, required that I should have no further communi- 
cation with Captain Bligh ? A. I did. He promised me, in writing, that he 
would have no communication with the ship ; but before that, he stated 
to me, that he resigned all authority into my hands, and said, lie was very 
much obliged to me for the very handsome manner I had carried it into 
execution, and conveyed to him the wishes of the inhabitants. 

" Q. To your knowledge, \vas Captain Bligh ever released from that 
pledge which he had entered into ? A. Never, to my knowledge. 

" Q. Did His Majesty's service absolutely require that His Majesty's 
ship Porpoise should take down a supply of provisions and stores to Port 
Dalrymple, and bring Lieutenant-Govenor Paterson to head-quarters ? A. 
Certainly it did. 

" Q. Could any other vessel have been taken up, to carry down stores, 
and bring up Colonel Paterson, without government incurring an enormous 
expence ? A. No certainly, there could not : we must have hired the ves- 
sels from the merchants there. 

" Q. If I had refused to comply with your requisition, would you have en- 
deavoured to compel me ? A. Certainly I would, by stopping all supplies 
of provisions to the Porpoise, from the store. 

"Q. Did you ever attempt to give me any orders ? A. No. 

" Q. Was the service of the Porpoise obtained by requisition, agreeable 
to the etiquette of the naval service ? A. By requisition. 

" Q. Did you ever threaten to supersede me ? A. I cannot call it to 
my recollection. 

" Q, When Lieutenant Symons left the Porpoise, on my taking the com- 
mand, would you have prevented me from arresting him ? A. No. 

" Q. Did you ever interfere in thecommand of the Porpoise ? A. Never, 
to my knowledge. 

" Q. Did Captain Bligh give any, and what pledge? A. The pledge he 
gave was in writing, contained in a letter of the 19th of March, 1808, from 
Mr. Bayley, my secretary, to Captain Bligh, and Captain Bligh's answer 
of the 24th March.' 1 



COMMANDERS. 189 

[Lieutenant Kent produced his letter-book, and shewed a letter, which 
he requested the witness to look at, and say if ever he received it. 
Answer, He did. The letter read.] 

"H. M. S. Porpoise, 14M April, 1808. 

" Sir, I received yours of the 12th inst. enclosing my warrant from 
Commodore Bligh to command His Majesty's ship Porpoise, and acquaint- 
ing me that I am not to have any communication with him, by letters or 
messages, as the welfare of the colony and His Majesty's service require it. 
I should be sorry in anywise to act in a manner displeasing to you, or de- 
rogatory to the character of a naval commander; but as I consider Commo- 
dore Bligh the only person in this colony who can regularly give me or- 
ders respecting the ship, and as he is borne on the ship's books, and I am 
in want of officers to carry on the ship's duty, I request to be allowed per- 
mission to consult him on those points, as he is the only person who can 
appoint officers to the ship in this colony, or to give me instructions how 
he is to be borne on the ship's books in future. I have the honor to re- 
main, &c. (Signed) " W. KENT." 

" His Honor Lieutenant-Governor Johnstone, fyc" 

" Q. Did you answer that letter ? A. I do not recollect. 

Examined by the Court. 

" Q. During the commodore's confinement, did the prisoner receive any 
orders from you? A. No. 

" Q. Had the prisoner refused to comply with your requisition, for the 
service already specified, what consequence might have been produced to 
the colony from such refusal ? A. The greatest distress imaginable : they 
were in want of stores of all kinds, slops in particular. 

*' Q. What means had you of counteracting such effect ? A. I had no 
other than that of hiring ships, at a very heavy expence to government. 

" When Lieutenant Kent received those requisitions, did he express a 
wish to communicate with Commodore Bligh on the subject ? A. I cannot 
recollect. 

" Q. From the state of arrest in which the commodore then was, would 
such communication have been admitted ? A. If he had wanted to speak 
to the commodore, I should not have hindered him. 

" Q. Did you understand, from the papers already read in Court, that 
the commodore resigned all naval command, while he remained in the 
colony ? A. I certainly did, in the fullest manner. 

" Q. Did you ever forward any letter from the prisoner to the commo- 
dore, during his confinement ? I do not recollect that I ever did. 

" Q. You have said that you would not have supplied the Porpoise with 
provisions, if Lieutenant Kent had not complied with the requisition, for 
the good of the colony; did you ever so express yourself to Lieutenant 
Kent, by writing or otherwise ? A. I do not recollect. 



190 COMMANDERS. 

" Lieutenant-Colonel FOVEAUX, of the 102rf Regiment, and Lieutenant- 
Governor of New South Wales, sworn, and examined by the Prisoner. 

" Q. Was all communication between Captain Bligh and the officers 
of the Porpoise prevented? A. Yes, as will appear by my letter to Cap- 
tain Bligh, and his answer to me, which are now before the Court, a copy 
of which I transmitted to the prisoner at the time. [Letters read ; see 
p. 176.] 

" Q. What were the motives which induced you to request that the 
Porpoise and Lady Nelson might be employed for the service of the co- 
lony ? A. The Lady Nelson was requested to go to Newcastle, to bring 
timber that was sawing there for Government, which timber was to be 
given for freight of a ship called the City of Edinburgh, for Government. 

" Q. Was it absolutely necessary, for the good of His Majesty's service, 
that the Porpoise should proceed to Port Dalrymple, to bring up Lieu- 
tenant-Governor Paterson ? A. I was obliged to obey the instructions 
I received from my superior officer. 

" Q. Was the settlement at Port Dalrymple in great want of stores, 
troops, and convicts ? A. Yes. 

" Q. When you applied to Captain Bligh on the subject of his return 
to England in the Porpoise, did he not refer you to me, as her command- 
er? A. Yes; it will appear in his answer to my letter, dated 16th Sep- 
tember, 1808. 

" Q. To your knowledge, was Captain Bligh ever released from the so- 
lemn pledge he had entered into with Colonel Jobnstone, not to assume 
any command till His Majesty's pleasure was known ? A. No, never. 

"Q. What would the consequence have been, had I refused compliance 
with your wishes, for the benefit of His Majesty's service? A. I should 
have endeavoured to have compelled you, by the refusal of provisions and 
stores, from the store. 

" Q. Could any other vessel have been taken up to carry down provi- 
sions and stores, and to bring up Colonel Paterson, without Government 
incurring an enormous expence ? A. Certainly not. 

" Captain JOHN PORTEOUS, of the Porpoise, sworn, and examined by 
the Prisoner. 

" Q. On the 1st day of January, 1809, when you took the command of 
the Porpoise, what pendant did you find flying on board of her ? A. 
A broad pendant. 

" Q. After you had superseded me in the command of the Porpoise, 
did you consider yourself secure in obeying the verbal orders of Captain 
Bligh, on matters of importance ? A. No, I did not. 

" Q. Did Captain Bligh ever propose to you to blow down the town of 
Sydney? A. Yes. 

" Q. What answer did you make? A. I requested a written order; 
but he said he was under an arrest. But on my first joining the Porpoise, 



COMMANDERS. 191 

I had a written order from Captain Bligh, to put myself under his 
command. 

" Q. After I was some months in arrest, did I enclose you a letter to 
be forwarded to Captain Bligh, requesting his permission to walk on 
shore for a few hours, for the benefit of my health ? A. Yes. 

" Q. Do you know what answer he made to that application ? A. Cap- 
tain Bligh said that he did not know that Mr. Kent was under any other 
arrest, than confinement to the ship. 

" Q. What distance did the Porpoise lie from the shore ? A. About a 
quarter of a mile. 

" Q. Could Captain Bligh have come on board at any time from Go- 
vernment-house, and assume the command of the ship? A. In my 
opinion, he could. 

" Q. Did Captain Bligb, on yoar arrival in the colony, in 1808, instruct 
you to wait upon Colonel Foveaux, as commanding officer? A. He re- 
commended my calling on him. 

Examined by the Court. 

" Q. Was the arrest of Lieutenant Kent more close than that of officers 
generally under an arrest ? A. No. 

" Q. Had he permission to take a walk on shore ? A. No, he was re- 
fused that on the first application. 

" Q. What were your reasons for thinking that Commodore Bligh 
could have come on board the Porpoise, and taken the command ? A. If 
Commodore Bligh had any intentions to have come on board, he might 
have evaded the sentinels in the evening, by escaping their observation. 

" Q. Was he guarded by sentries at the time ? A. There were two 
who walked in front of the house, I do not know of any others ; they have 
always been placed. 

" Q. Did you ever know the orders given to the sentries? A. No. 

" Q. Was it a guard of honor or restraint? A. Restraint. 

" Mr. JOHN SLOAN, Purser of the Porpoise, sworn, and examined by 
the Prisoner. 

" Q. Do you recollect, after my arrival from Port Dalrymple the first 
time, my going to Government-house, a day or two after communication 
had been granted between myself and Captain Bligh? A. Yes. 

" Q. Were you present at that interview ? A. Yes. 

" Q. Do you remember what Captain Bligh said on that occasion? A. 
After the entries were made, I recollect, whilst I was inserting his name 
at Government-house, a conversation took place between Captain Kent 
and Governor Bligh, the nature of which I do not know ; but I heard 
Captain Bligh tell Captain Kent to do what he thought most conducive 
to the interest of His Majesty's service. 

" Q. Have you received any certificate from Captain Bligh ? A. No. 
[The Court then adjourned till Thursday.] 



192 COMMANDERS. 

THIRD DAY. 
THURSDAY, JANUARY 11, 1811. 

Lieutenant WILLIAM ELLISON, of the Porpoise, sworn, and examined 
by the Prisoner. 

" Q. Were you lieutenant of His Majesty's ship Porpoise in 1808? 
A. I was. 

" Q. Did you meet me, after I came from Government-house with the 
despatches, on the 29th of March, 1808 ? A. I did. 

" Q. Acquaint this Court what conversation you had with me ? A. You 
informed me, that you had waited on Commodore Bligh, with the des- 
patches which you brought from Norfolk Island and the Derwent, which 
despatches, you informed me, Commodore Bligh refused to take, in con- 
sequence of a pledge entered into between him and Major Johnstone, and 
that he desired you to take the despatches to Major Johnstone. 

" Q. Did I consult you on the propriety of employing His Majesty's 
ships for the good of the colony ? A. You did. 

Examined by the Prosecutor. 

" Q. When the Porpoise sailed from Port Jackson, was not the Estre- 
mena schooner lying there in the employment of Government, unem- 
ployed ? A. I do not know. 

Examined by the Court. 

" Q. Had the prisoner the means of arresting Lieutenant Symons, as 
a deserter, during the prisoner's command of the Porpoise? A. I suppose 
he could. 

" Q. State your reasons. A. Mr. Symons being on the spot before 
we sailed for Port Dalrymple. 

" Q. Do you mean to say that the civil or military power would have 
suffered his arrest ? A. I cannot say whether they would, or would not. 

" Q. Had the prisoner orders from Commodore Bligh to srrest Lieu- 
tenant Symons ? A. Not that I know of. 

" Q. Daring the prisoner's confinement to the ship, what was the state 
of his health ? A. Generally, very ill. 

" Q. What was the supposed cause of that illness ? A. I suppose from 
his confinement to the ship. 

" Q. Do you recollect how loug he was confined to the ship? A. I 
think, to the best of my recollection, thirteen months. 

" Q. Do you know if he ever went on shore during that time ? A. I 
think he never did. ;./ i 

" Q. Did the surgeon apply to Commodore Bligh for permission for the 
prisoner to go on shore sometimes, for the benefit of his health? A. He 
did ; I was present once when the surgeon requested him to be allowed 
to go on shore two hours in the day. 

" Q. State the manner and cause of the denial ? A. When Mr. M'Mil- 
lan asked Captain Bligh, in my presence, Captain Bligh replied ' I'll be 



COMMANDERS. 193 

damned, if ever that fellow goes out of this ship that ran away with my 
broad pendant.' 

" Q. Was ever Lieutenant Symons on board the Porpoise, after he 
discharged himself? A. I think he was. 

" Q. Was the prisoner permitted to go on shore at Port Jackson, after 
Colonel M'Quarrie arrived? A. He was. 

" Q. Was it generally considered at Port Jackson, especially among the 

navy, that Lieutenant Symons was a deserter from the service? A. No. 

" Q. Was the confinement of the prisoner more rigorous than that of 

officers usually under an arrest ? A. As far as I could see, he had the 

whole range of the ship. 

Mr. JOHN M'MTLLAN, Surgeon of the Porpoise, sworn, and examined 

by the Prisoner. 

" Q. Did I write to you at the Derwent, after being some months under 
an arrest, requesting you to apply to Captain Bligh, to have a medical 
survey taken on the ill state of my health, that I might avail myself of the 
joint opinion of the medical officers ? A. Yes. 
" Q. Did you apply to Captain Bligh ? A. I did. 
" Q. What answer did you receive ? A. I cannot convey an idea to the 
Court, unless I am permitted to shew his attitude [which being granted, 
he continued]. He, in the most insulting manner, brandished his fist 
close to my nose, and said that he would not let that fellow go on shore, 
who ran away with his broad pendant. 

Captain PORTEOUS examined by the Prosecutor. 

" Q. When I directed you to place Lieutenant Kent in arrest, did I 
inform you of my reasons ? A. Yes. 

" Q. Did you communicate it to him ? A. Yes. 
" Q. Was not the conversation on firing on the town, a^nere general 
observation that a captain of a man-of-war might hear when his com- 
manding officer was in prison ? A. No, I do not conceive it was a gene- 
ral observation. Captain Bligh was violent at the time, and said, if I knew 
my duty, I would go on board and blow the town down. 

" Q. Who was present at the time ? A. I do not recollect that any 
one was present. 

" Q. Was it at table, when Mr. Griffin and ladies were present? A. 
No, it was not ; it was in the forenoon. 

Question by the Prisoner. 

" Q. Could not the fort have blown the Porpoise out of the water ? 
A. Yes ; it might have sunk her ; it was directly above us. 

Question by the Court. 

" Q. From the state the colonial affairs were in, and taking into con- 
sideration the circumstances attendant on the confinement of Commodore 
Bligh, should you, as the captain of the Porpoise, think yourself justifiable 
in attacking the fort ? A. No ; but if I had received a written order from 
Commodore Bligh, I must have obeyed it. 

VOL. IV. PART I. O 



194 COMMANDERS. 

The prisoner, having no further witnesses to call, here pre- 
sented the following address to the Court : 

" Mr. President, and Gentlemen of this Honorable Court, I will not 
presume to impose a longer task on the patience of this Honorable Court, 
by any further animadversion or remark on the evidence that has been 
given, and the various documents which have been produced ; entertain- 
ing, as I do, a humble hope, that what has been urged will have impressed 
every individual of this Honorable Court with a strong sense of the pecu- 
liar hardships of the situation in which a young and inexperienced officer 
was placed. With no choice but of difficulties abandoned by my supe- 
rior officer, who would give me no orders for my guidance, it appeared 
to me that I could not err by a zealous solicitude to execute the public 
service, which I well knew His Majesty's ships were employed in that co- 
lony to perform. I therefore submit myself and my cause, with humble 
confidence, to the justice of this Honorable Court, under the firmest 
conviction, that every allowance will be made in my favour, if it should 
appear, that, in difficulties so arduous and unprecedented, it may have 
been my misfortune to have deviated, in any particular, from that line of 
conduct which the rules of the service might have required from me, and 
which I solemnly declare it was my most earnest wish, and would have 
been my greatest pride, to have acted in strict conformity to. 

" With the most heartfelt gratitude I intreat leave to return my humble 
and respectful thanks to this Honorable Court, for the indulgence with 
which I have been heard. 

(Signed) " W. G. C. KENT." 

The prosecutor then asked permission of the Court to 
call other witnesses, and to read some letters. The Court 
was cleared to consider of his request, when, on being re- 
opened, he was informed they had decided upon hearing no 
more evidence. After which, the Court was again cleared, 
and in about an hour opened again, when they pronounced 

the following 

SENTENCE. 

" The Court proceeded to try the said Lieutenant William George Car- 
Hie Kent, on the above-mentioned charges, preferred against him by Cap- 
tain William Bligh, and having heard the evidence produced in support of 
the charges, and by the said Lieutenant W. G. C. Kent, in his defence, 
and what he had to allege in support thereof, and having maturely and de- 
liberately weighed and considered the whole, the Court is of opinion, that 
it appears that the said Lieutenant W. G. C. Kent did sail with the said ship 
from Port Jackson, in the two instances stated in the above-mentioned charges, 
without the orders of the said Captain William Bligh ; that he did not so 



COMMANDERS. 195 

sail under the orders of the persons asserted therein to have illegally and 
by force dispossessed the said Captain William Bligh of the government of 
New South Wales ; and did not improperly strike the broad pendant of the 
said Captain William Bligh j that it appears that the said Lieutenant W. G. 
C. Kent, under the extreme and extraordinary difficulties in which he was 
placed, shewed every disposition to obey any orders which the said Captain 
William Bligh might have thought fit to have given him ; that he was ac- 
tuated by a sincere wish to perform his duty for the good of His Majesty's 
service, and that he was justified in the conduct he pursued on such occa- 
sion : and the Court is further of opinion, that the said third charge has 
not been proved against the said Lieutenant W. G. C. Kent, and doth ad- 
judge him to be acquitted of the whole of the above charges ; and the 
said Lieutenant W. G. C. Kent is hereby acquitted accordingly. Signed 
1y the Court. 

(Countersigned) " MOSES GREETHAM, Jun. 

Deputy Judge Advocate of the Fleet"* 

So satisfied were the Lords of the Admiralty of the cor- 
rectness of Lieutenant Kent's conduct, that they not only 
directed him to be paid as commander of the Porpoise, during 
the whole period of his confinement, although Captain Por- 
teous was also paid, but they also noted his name for pro- 
motion. From the long and rigorous imprisonment he had 
undergone, however, his health was not sufficiently re-esta- 
blished for active service, until April, 1812, when he applied 
for employment, and was immediately appointed to the 
Union, 98, fitting out for the Mediterranean station. In this 
ship he served under Captains Samuel Hood Linzee, William 
Kent, and Robert Holies, until December following ; when, 
having had the misfortune to lose his uncle, (who had ever 
been his patron and protector f), and wishing for a more ac- 
tive employment, he was removed by Sir Edward Pellew (now 
Viscount Exmouth) into the Sparrowhawk sloop, Captain 
Thomas Ball Clowes, with whom he continued, as first lieu- 
tenant, until promoted to the rank of commander, June 15th, 
1814. 



* For further particulars of the transactions at Sydney, in 1808, see the 
" Proceedings of a General Court-Martial, held at Chelsea, in May and 
June, 1811, for the trial of Lieutenant-ColonelJohnston, on a charge of 
Mutiny &c." Published by Sherwood, Neely, and Jones, London, 
f See p. 157- 
o2 



196 COMMANDERS. 

Whilst serving in the Sparrowhawk, which vessel was 
employed on the Malta station during the plague, this of- 
ficer met with an accident, which caused him the most ex- 
cruciating torture, and to be confined to his bed for a consi- 
derable length of time, blind of both eyes, and without 
surgical assistance, his messmate, the doctor, having been 
accidentally left behind at Minorca. He has been fortunate 
enough to recover the sight of one ; but can scarcely discri- 
minate objects at only a few yards distance with the other. 

In 1816, Commander W. G. C. Kent volunteered his ser- 
vices, and urgently requested to be employed in the fleet 
destined against Algiers ; but the expedition being on so 
small a scale, his application could not be complied with. 
He married, Dec. 30th, J830, Susanna Elizabeth, third 
daughter of the late Mr. John Rankin, a merchant of 
Greenock, in Scotland, by whom he has issue, one daughter. 



THOMAS COLBY, ESQ. 

SECOND son of an eminent surgeon, now deceased, by Mary 
Copplestone, a descendant of the very ancient Devonshire fa- 
mily of that name. 

This officer was born at Torrington, co. Devon, in 1/82; 
and entered the royal navy, in Mar. 1797? as midshipman, on 
board the Bedford 74, Captain Sir Thomas Byard ; under 
whom he served at the battle of Camperdown, and (in the 
Foudroyant 80) at the defeat of Mons. Bompard, by Sir John 
B. Warren, off the N. W. coast of Ireland, Oct. 13th, 1798 *. 
We subsequently find him serving under the flag of Sir 
Charles Cotton, with whom he continued until the peace of 
Amiens, when he was sent to the East Indies, as an admi- 
ralty midshipman, in the St. Fiorenzo frigate, Captain Joseph 
Bingham. On the 18th Sept. 1804, being then in the Cen- 
turion 50, Captain James Lind, he assisted in successfully re- 
pelling an attack made upon that ship, by a French squadron, 
consisting of the Marengo 80, and two heavy frigates, under 

* See Vol. I. Part I. p. 150 et seq., and p. 1 /O et set/. 



COMMANDERS. 197 

the command of Rear-Admiral Linois *. On his return home, 
he was appointed a lieutenant of the Thunderer 74, Captain 
William Lechmere, by commission dated April 8th, 1805. 
On the 22d July following, he assisted at the capture of two 
Spanish line-of- battle ships, by the fleet under Sir Robert 
Calderf. He also bore a part at the glorious battle of Tra- 
falgar ; and was slightly wounded in action with the Turks, 
during Sir John T. Duckworth's operations against the Sub- 
lime Porte, in Feb. 1807- On the latter occasion, the Thun- 
derer was commanded by Captain (now Sir John) Talbot. 

During the ensuing campaign in Egypt, Lieutenant Colby 
was employed on the river Nile. In 1809, he proceeded to 
the West Indies, on Lord Mulgrave's promotion list; but re- 
turned home from thence without advancement, in conse- 
quence of a change in the naval administration. After this, 
he was again sent, by Mr. Yorke, to the Mediterranean ; and 
there promoted from the Prince of Wales 98, Captain John 
Erskine Douglas, to the command of a prize brig captured at 
Genoa, in April, 1314. This appointment was confirmed by 
the Admiralty on the 17th of the following month. 

Commander Colby married, in April 1826, Mary, daughter 
of the Rev. John Palmer, of Torrington, and niece of the late 
Marchioness of Thomond. His eldest brother, James, a sur- 
geon, died in 1819; his youngest, Henry, was the midship- 
man alluded to in Vol. III. Part II. p. 290, who perished on 
board a prize belonging to the Sheldrake sloop, Feb. 19th, 
1809. 



JOSEPH WILLIAM BAZALGETTE, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant on the 12th June 1806; and pro- 
moted from the America 74, Captain Sir Josias Rowley, to 
the command of a French prize brig, at Genoa, in April, 
1814. The services which led to his advancement are offi- 
cially detailed in pp. 424430 of Vol. II. Part I. His com- 



* See Vol. II. Part II. pp. 874877- 
t See Vol. I. Part I. p. 405. See Id. p. 405. 



198 COMMANDERS. 

mission as commander bears date May \7, 1814. A pen- 
sion of ^150 per annum, for wounds, was granted him on 
the 12th Nov. following. 



JOHN NICHOLAS, ESQ. 

OBTAINED his first commission on the llth Aug. 1808; 
and was made a commander, while serving in the Mediterra- 
nean, May 17th, 1814. He married, Nov. 22d, 1821, Louisa, 
only child of the Rev. Nathaniel Fletcher, of Lee House, near 
Romsey, co. Hants ; and died at Bath, in Dec. 1831, aged 
44 years. 



JOHN GARDNER M'BRIDE M'KILLOP, ESQ. 
WAS made a lieutenant in Oct. 1797 ', and promoted to the 
command of the Solebay, receiving-ship, at North Yarmouth, 
May 26th, 1814. He subsequently held an appointment in 
the Preventive Service at Aldborough ; and died at Dinan in 
France, Dec. 6th, 1829. 



VINCENT NEWTON, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant, and appointed to the Santa Mar- 
garitta frigate, Captain Wilson Rathborne, May 12th, 1803. 
He subsequently served under Captain Hugh Cameron, in the 
Hazard sloop, on the Leeward Islands station. On the 26th 
May, 1814, he was promoted to the command of the Manly 
brig, on the North American station. 



WILLIAM HUTCHINSON, ESQ. 

OBTAINED his first commission in Dec. 1806 ; and the 
command of a division of armed schuyts, employed in the 
rivers Elbe, Weser, and Ems, in the summer of 1810. He 
subsequently served as flag-lieutenant to the late Sir Thomas 
F. Fremantle, on the Mediterranean station ; and was pro- 
moted to his present rank, May 26th, 1814. 



COMMANDERS. 



199 



RICHARD STREATFEILD, ESQ. 

SON of Henry Streatfeild, of Chiddingstone, co. Kent, Esq. 

This officer passed his examination in Sept. 1808 ; was 
made a lieutenant on the 19th July, 1809 ; and promoted to 
the rank of commander, while serving in the Impregnable 98, 
May 26th, 1814. He married, July 2/th, 1824, Anne, daugh- 
ter of Henry Woodgate, of River Hill, Kent, Esq. 



SIR WILLIAM CRISP HOOD BURNABY, BART; 

ONLY son of the late Sir William Chaloner Burnaby, Bart, 
by Elizabeth, second daughter of Crisp Molineaux, of Gar- 
boldisham, co. Norfolk, Esq., and grandson of the late Ad- 
miral Sir William Burnaby, successively commander-in-chief 
at the Leeward Islands and Jamaica, who died in 1776. 

This officer was made a lieutenant, into the Jason frigate, 
Nov. 3d, 1809 ', appointed to the Junon 38, Captain James 
Sanders, on the Halifax station, Feb. 2d, 1813 : and pro- 
moted to the command of the Ardent prison ship, at Bermu- 
da, May 26th, 1814. He married, May 2d, 1816, the widow 
of Joseph Wood, Esq. of Bermuda. 



RICHARD GREENAWAY, ESQ. 

PASSED his examination in Oct. 1809 ; and was made a 
lieutenant, into the Eagle 74, Captain (now Sir Charles) Row- 
ley, Dec. 13th following. The manner in which he was sub- 
sequently employed, will be seen on reference to Vol. I. Part 
II. p. 673, et seq. and Vol. III. Part I. p. 212, et seq. His 
promotion to the rank of commander took place May 26th, 
1814. 



PRINGLE HOME DOUGLAS, ESQ. 

OBTAINEO the rank of lieutenant in Oct. 1801 j and a com- 
mander's commission on the 28th May, ,1814. 



200 COMMANDERS. 

RICHARD HENRY HOLLIS PIGOT, Esq. 

WAS made a lieutenant in Oct. 1806; and commander on 
the 3 1st May, 1814. 



JOHN MEDLICOTT, ESQ. 

THIS officer's first commission bears date Jan. 7th, 1802 ; 
about which period he was presented with the Turkish gold 
medal, for his services on the Egyptian coast, during the 
campaign of 1801. He obtained the rank of commander June 
4th, 1814 ; previous to which he had served as flag-lieutenant 
to Rear-Admiral (now Sir William) Hargood, on the Guern- 
sey station. 



CHRISTOPHER WEST, ESQ. 

ENTERED the royal navy, in Mar. 1800, under the auspices 
of the late Commissioner George Henry Towry * ; and first 
went to sea in the Thetis frigate, Captain Henry Edward 
Reginald Baker, under whom he served in the memorable ex- 
pedition to Egypt. On his return from thence to Malta, he 
joined the Wassenaer 64, armed en flute, which ship, com- 
manded, we believe, by Captain John Larmour, was paid off 
in Sept. 1802. We next find him in the Minotaur 74, Cap- 
tain John Moore Mansfield, at the capture of la Francaise, a 
French 44-gun frigate, May 28th, 1803. He was also on 
board the same ship at the battle of Trafalgar and siege of Co- 
penhagen ; on which latter occasion she bore the flag of Rear- 
Admiral William Essington. 

From the Minotaur, Mr. West was sent, on promotion, to 
the flag-ship of Admiral Gambier, who soon appointed him 
sub-lieutenant of the Desperate gun-brig. His first commis- 
sion bears date Feb. 9th, 1808; from which period he served, 
for several months, as senior lieutenant of the Fury bomb, 



* See Vol. II. Part I. note f at,p. 86, et seq. 



COMMANDERS. 201 

Commander John Sanderson Gibson ; and for nearly three 
years, as third of the Blake 74, Captain Edward Codrington. 

In the spring of 1809, the Sea-Lark schooner, sailing in 
company with the Blake, on the North Sea station, shipped a 
heavy sea, and immediately went to the bottom, taking with 
her the whole of the officers and crew, except one man, who 
was saved through the exertions of Lieutenant West, assisted 
by a good boat's crew. 

After the reduction of Flushing, on which occasion she bore 
the flag of Rear-Admiral Lord Gardner, the Blake was em- 
ployed in the defence of Cadiz, (from whence she escorted four 
Spanish line-of- battle ships to Minorca) and subsequently 
in co-operation with the patriots of Catalonia *. While on 
the latter service, Mr. West had a severe attack of pleurisy, 
which compelled him to return home in Sept. 1811. When 
recovered, he was appointed flag-lieutenant to Rear-Admiral 
Thomas Surridge, commander-in-chief at Chatham, where 
he continued until the end of the European war j previous to 
which he had the honor of steering and attending on our 
present most gracious monarch, during his inspection of the 
Russian fleet, sent over to England for safety. He obtained 
his present rank through the very strong recommendation of 
Rear- Admiral Surridge, June 4th, 1814 ; and married, in 1815, 
his first cousin, Miss S. Ware, of Camden Town, near Lon- 
don. One of his brothers, Matthew Thomas West, is a lieu- 
tenant in the royal navy. 



ROBERT JAMES GORDON, ESQ. 

THIRD son of Captain Gordon, of Everton, near Bawtry, 
co. York. 

This officer passed his examination in Nov. 1807; obtained 
a lieutenant's commission on the 1 1th of the following month ; 
and subsequently distinguished himself, on various occasions, 
while serving in the Mercury frigate, successively commanded 
by Captains James Alexander Gordon and the Hon. Henry 
Duncan, olf Cadiz and in the Mediterranean. He was made 

* See Vol. I. Part II. p. 872 el seq. 



202 COMMANDERS. 

a commander on the 6th June, 1814 ; and died Sept. 27th, 
1822, at Wilet-Medinet, a day's j ourney from Sennaar, in 
Africa, whence he was proceeding in an attempt to reach the 
source of the Bahr Colittiad. 



ROBERT JULYAN, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in June 1799 j appointed first of 
the San Juan sheer-hulk, bearing the broad pendant of Com- 
modore Penrose, at Gibraltar, about Aug. 1810 ; and pro- 
moted to the command of the Holla sloop, June 7th, 1814. 



HUGH PEARSON, ESQ, 

WAS wounded in an action with the Cadiz flotilla, while 
serving as master's-mate of the Barfleur 98, July 3d, 1797 *. 
He obtained the rank of lieutenant on the llth Dec. 1799 ; 
and distinguished himself, on several occasions, while serving 
as first of the Arethusa frigate, Captain Robert Mends, on the 
north coast of Spain, in 1809 and 1810. From among that 
officer's public letters, we select the following : 

" H. M. S. Arethusa, off Bilbao, Mar. 20th, 1809. 

" Sir, I have the pleasure of acquainting you, for the commander-in- 
chief's information, that on the 15th instant, at day-break, a party of sea- 
men and marines belonging to this ship, landed under the command of 
the first lieutenant, Mr. Hugh Pearson, and Lieutenant Scott, R. M., and 
destroyed upwards of twenty heavy guns, mounted on the batteries at 
Lequito, defended by a detachment of French soldiers, a serjeant and 
twenty of whom were made prisoners, who, on our people forcing the 
guard-house in the principal battery, threw down their arms, and begged 
for quarter : the rest of their comrades effected their escape by running 
for it. 

" This little affair was conducted by Lieutenant Pearson, with that 
boldness and promptitude which generally command success, and to 
which I attribute our having only three men wounded, notwithstanding a 
quick fire of musketry for some time from the battery and guard-house, 
as our people advanced. A small vessel, laden with brandy, was found in 
the harbour and brought away. 



See p. 136, et seq. 



COMMANDERS. 203 

" The following day, having received information o? two chasse-mare'es 
being up the river Andero, laden with brandy for the French army in 
Spain, in the evening the same party was again landed, who found them 
aground, about four miles up, with their cargoes on board, which were 
destroyed. The vessels appearing to be Spanish property, and forcibly 
seized on to carry those supplies, were restored to their owners. 

" On the 20th, Lieutenant Pearson, with the officers aod men who were 
with him at Lequito, took possession of the batteries of the town of 
Paisance, without opposition, and destroyed the guns ; the small parties 
of the enemy stationed at these places retiring as our people approached. 
I am, &c. (Signed) " R. MEKDS." 

" To Captain Charles Adam, H. M. S. Resistance." 

" H. M. S. Arethusa, off Bermco, July Uth, 1810. 

" My Lord, After a consultation with the Junta of Asturias, on the 
24th ultimo, I consented to receive on board of the squadron your lordship 
has been pleased to place under my command, the Spanish Brigadier- 
General Porlier, and five hundred of his soldiers, with the intention of 
beating up the enemy's quarters along the coasts of Cantabria and Biscay, 
in order to make a diversion of his troops towards the sea-ports in his 
possession, and thus afford an opportunity for a combined movement of the 
Spanish armies in Asturias, by compelling the enemy to detach more of 
his forces to oppose us, and thereby weaken the interior of that province 
and St. Andero, or to suffer his sea-defences to be destroyed, and his sup- 
plies coastways cut off; the one or other alternative appearing to me an 
inevitable result of such movements. I have now the pleasure of inform- 
ing your lordship, that we have completely succeeded in the maritime part 
of the expedition, without the loss of a single man, having destroyed all 
the batteries (with the exception of Castro) from St. Sebastian to St. 
Andero, on which were found about one hundred pieces of heavy cannon 
altogether, and laid that whole extent of sea-coast entirely bare of defence. 

" Communications are thus opened with these provinces, and the zealous 
attachment of the inhabitants f;o the independence of their country ascer- 
tained, should it hereafter be deemed expedient to act on it. 

" The strong port of Santona, and the numerous batteries round Ber- 
ineo, being dismantled, our ships will have in future two good anchorages 
on the coast in westerly gales, as it will be a work of considerable time 
and labour to re-mount heavy cannon on the various eminences of those 
places, which must all be conveyed by sea, the country being so ex- 
tremely mountainous, and the roads so bad, that land-carriage is almost 
impracticable. 

" The brigade of seamen and marines from the squadron being com- 
manded by the Honorable Captain Aylmer, of the Narcissus, his letter to 
me of the 9th instant will inform your lordship of the events which took 
place on their landing at Santona, and during the short time they occupied 



204 COMMANDERS. 

it. To the zeal and ability of that excellent officer I am much indebted, 
as well as to that of Captain Bowles, of the Medusa, who most anxiously 
solicited to be attached to the brigade, and acted as second in command. 
Mr. Hugh Pearson, my first lieutenant, and Lieutenant. Desbrisay, com- 
manding the marines, distinguished themselves by their exemplary con- 
duct, as, in short, did all the other officers and men composing the 
brigade. 

" The disposition of the boats made by Captain Gal way, of the Dryad, 
assisted by Captain Joyce, of the Amazon, at our different landings, was 
so judicious as to prevent either confusion or loss, where the surf was 
frequently extremely dangerous to approach; nor were the services of 
Captain Digby, of the Cossack, less important, in forwarding every part 
of the various duties going on both night and day ; and I have only to 
regret that the early retreat of the enemy on the 7th deprives me of an 
opportunity of announcing to your lordship his entire defeat and sur- 
render. 

" Having by our landing at Santona induced the enemy to abandon 
several positions in the interior, as well as on the sea-coast, in order to 
collect a sufficient force to prevent our continuing in possession of that 
place, I shall be happy to find that the armies of Asturias, and of the 
mountains of St. Andero, have been put in motion, during the absence of 
the French, which was the principle agreed upon between the Junta of 
Asturias and myself; but as yet I have no information on that head. 

" This expedition has, however, cost the enemy upwards of two hun- 
dred men, besides an infinity of trouble and inarching, and added nigh 300 
volunteers to General Porlier*s little army. I am also happy in having 
this opportunity of bearing testimony to the talents of that distinguished 
officer, and the gallantry of his small band of officers and soldiers, who on 
every occasion were emulous for their own and their country's honor. 

" I am now proceeding westward, to land the general and his men at 
Ribadeo, and shall feel happy if the complete success of this little expe- 
dition, the zeal with which it has been executed, and the principle on which 
it was undertaken, be honored with your lordship's approbation. 1 have 
the honor to be, &c. (Signed) " R. MENDS." 

" To the Right Hon. Admiral Lord Gambler." 

Mr. Pearson was promoted to the command of the Curlew 
sloop, June 7th, 1814. 



GEORGE HILTON, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in July, 1801; and promoted to 
the command of the Nimrod sloop, June 7th, 1814. He 






COMMANDERS. 205 

married, April 23d, 1816, Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Henry 
Wise Harvey, Esq. and grand-daughter of the heroic Captain 
John Harvey, who fell, while most gallantly asserting the 
honor of his country, on the ever memorable 1st of June, 
1794. This officer became a widower on the 25th Feb. 1819. 



CURRY WILLIAM HILLIER, ESQ. 

Is the son of a superannuated warrant officer, who died at 
Devonport, Mar. 13th, 1829, aged 89 years. He was made 
a lieutenant on the 8th Oct. 1801 ; appointed to the com- 
mand of the Defiance prison ship, Dec. 30th, 1813 j and 
promoted to his present rank June 7th, 1814. 



THOMAS ARSCOTT, ESQ. 

SON of Thomas Arscott, M. D., of Teignmouth, co. Devon ; 
and was born at that place Aug. 24th, 1779- He entered 
the royal navy in June, 1796, as midshipman on board the 
Mercury 28, commanded by the late Viscount Torrington, 
and then about to sail for Newfoundland, where he did duty 
on shore with the garrison, during the blockade of St. John's 
harbour, by a French squadron under Rear- Admiral Richery*. 
He next served in the Camilla 24, Captain (now Vice-Admi- 
ral) Poyntz ; and subsequently in the Galatea 32, Captain 
Byng ; the Royal George first rate, bearing the flag of Lord 
Bridport ; and the Leviathan 74, flag-ship of Rear- Admiral 
Duckworth, at the reduction of the Swedish and Danish 
islands, in the West Indies, Mar. 1801 f. 

After the occupation of the said colonies, Mr. Arscott was 
appointed acting lieutenant of the Fairy 18, in which sloop 
he continued, under Captain Frederick Warren and his suc- 
cessors, until superseded by order of the Admiralty, and 



* See Vol. J. Part II. p. 656. 

t See Vol. I. Part II. note t at p. 798; and Vol. II. Part I. note * at 
p. 326. 






w 

1 



206 COMMANDERS. 

obliged to rejoin the Leviathan, as midshipman. A subse- 
quent appointment, however, (to the Ceres troop-ship) was 
confirmed at home, July 18th, 1802. 

We next find Mr. Arscott serving as lieutenant of the 
Indefatigable frigate, Captain (now Sir Graham) Moore, at 
the capture and destruction of four Spanish treasure-ships, 
Oct. 5th, 1804 *. He also assisted in cutting out the French 
national brig le Caesar, from the river Gironde, July 16th, 
1806, on which occasion he was slightly wounded f. 

from the Indefatigable, this officer was removed into the 
Marlborough 74, previous to her escorting the royal family of 
Portugal from Europe to Brazil J. After his return from 
that station, with Captain Moore, he proceeded in the same 
ship, under the pro-tempore command of Captain (now Sir 
John) Phillimore, to the river Scheldt, where he was very 
actively employed during the whole of the operations con- 
nected with the Walchereri expedition, particularly at the de- 
struction of the basin, arsenal, and sea-defences of Flushing, 
in Dec. 1809 . 

In the beginning of 1812, Mr. Arscott was appointed first 
of the Chatham 74, a new ship just commissioned by Captain 
Moore ; and on that officer being promoted to the rank of 
Rear- Admiral, he accompanied him to the Baltic, as his flag- 
lieutenant, in the Warrior 74. He obtained a commander's 
Commission on the 7th June, 1814; spent the remainder of 
his days in retirement ; and died at Chudleigh, co. Devon, 
in June, 1827. 

Captain Arscott's eldest sister is the wife of Lieutenant 
Henry Beddek, R. N. His brother, James Arscott, was 

ith the late Sir Eliab Harvey, in the Temeraire 98, at the 
battle of Trafalgar ; and latterly served as first lieutenant of 
the Nymphe frigate, and Bulwark 74, both commanded by 
that active officer, the late Captain Farmery P. Ep worth. 
Being disappointed in obtaining promotion at the peace, he 



* See Vol. T, Part II. p. 535 et seq. f See Suppl. Part III. p. 239. 

\ See Vol. I. Part I. p. 320 ; and Part II. p. 536 et seq. 

See Suppl. Part II. p. 418. 



COMMANDERS. 207 

retired from the service in disgust, broke a blood vessel, and 
died lamented by all who knew him, both as an officer and a 
private gentleman. 



ALEXANDER DIXIE, ESQ. 

According to Debrett, this officer is the third son of the 
late Sir Beaumont Joseph Dixie, Bart, by Margaret, daughter 
of Joseph Shewen, of Stradey, co. Carmarthen, Esq. He 
was made a lieutenant in Oct. 1804, and promoted to the 
command of the Saracen sloop, June 7th, 1814. His wife, 
to whom he was married in 1818, is a daughter of the Rev. 
J. D. Churchill, rector of Blickling, co. Norfolk. 



EDWARD STEWART, ESQ. 

OBTAINED his first commission on the 16th Mar. 1805: 
served as lieutenant of the Powerful 74, Captain Charles 
James Johnston, during the Walcheren expedition ; and 
subsequently in the Royal Oak 74, bearing the flag of Lord 
Amelius Beauclerk ; from which ship he was promoted to 
the rank of commander, June 7th, 1814. His last appoint- 
ment was, Dec. 26th, 1820, to the Brisk sloop, employed in 
cruising against the smugglers on the North Sea station. 
He was drowned in the river Medway, together with his 
purs-er and boat's crew, Dec. 23d, 1823. 

Commander Stewart had the reputation of being a good 
officer and a most excellent man. Several pieces of poetry, 
written by him, are to be found in the Naval Chronicle. 



THOMAS CAREW, ESQ. 

NEPHEW to the Right Hon. Sir John Newport, Bart., 
D. C. L. and M. R. I. A., many years representative in par- 
liament for the city of Waterford. 

Mr. Carew was made a lieutenant on the 16th July, 



208 COMMANDERS. 

1805. We first find him in the Belliqueux 64, Captain George 
Byng,* under whom he served on shore, as a volunteer, with 
the marine brigade, at the reduction of the Cape of Good 
Hope, in Jan. 1806, and afterwards on the East India sta- 
tion. On the 26th Aug. 1807, he commanded a boat in an 
affray with two Malay proas, on which occasion Mr. Turner, 
acting lieutenant, and six men were killed. His subsequent 
gallant conduct as first lieutenant of the Piedmontaise fri- 
gate, Captain Charles Foote, at the storming of the de- 
fences of Banda-Neira, the principal of the Dutch Spice Is- 
lands, was duly represented by the senior officer, Captain 
(now Sir Christopher) Cole.f 

On the 22d Nov. 1813, Lieutenant Carew was appointed 
to the Rodney 74, Captain Charles Inglis ; in which ship he 
continued until promoted to the command of the Jasper sloop, 
June 7th, 1814. 

In Aug. 1816, the Jasper accompanied the expedition 
destined against Algiers to Gibraltar ; from whence she re- 
turned home with Lord Exmouth's despatches. On the night 
of the 19th Jan. 1817, she was totally wrecked, in Plymouth 
Sound, when of 67 persons on board, including Mr. Edward 
Smith (master and commanding officer), Mr. Robert Mar- 
shall (purser), Mr. Godfrey Martin (master's-mate), and 
Messrs. William Doles and S. W. Williams (midshipmen), 
with fifteen females, all but two men perished. The storm 
which caused her destruction is thus spoken of in the " Ply- 
mouth Telegraph :" 

" During the greater part of Sunday, Jan. 19th, the weather bore a 
very portentous appearance, as if the elements were preparing a terrific 
mischief. As the night drew near, every thing betokened an approaching 
hurricane. The wind suddenly turned into the S.S.E. quarter and oscil- 
lating, at intervals, between that and S.S.W. blew with a fury, which, 
joined to an extraordinary high tide, the tremendous violence of the waves, 
and a pitchy darkness that might almost be felt, created the irresistible 
presentiment of some awful catastrophe. About four o'clock in the rnorn- 
iiig of Monday, the tempest had increased to a perfect hurricane, and 



* The late Viscount Torrington. 
t See Vol. II. Part II. p. 508. 



COMMANDERS. 



209 



within two lamentable hours from that period, we shudder to state, not 
less than three gallant vessels were shivered to atoms on the coast, within 
a short distance of each other ; and at least seventy human beings in- 
stantaneously consigned by a watery death to eternity. 

" The vessels proved to be the Jasper brig of war, Captain Carew, 
wrecked on the Bear's Head, at Mount Batten ; the Princess Mary packet, 
Captain Pocock, in Deadman's Bay ; and the Telegraph schooner, Lieu- 
tenant John Little, under the Eastern Hoe. Besides these unfortunate 
vessels, the Lapwing revenue cutter, Lieutenant Thomas Lipson, lying in 
Mill Bay (a place from which a vessel was never before known to drive), 
parted from her cables and went ashore, high and dry, over a ridge of 
rocks, with comparatively but little injury." 

On the 28th of the same month, a court-martial was as- 
sembled, in Hamoaze, to inquire into the circumstances at- 
tending the loss of the Jasper ; when it appeared from the 
evidence of the two men who had escaped, and of Mr. Sidley, 
the harbour-master, that the sad catastrophe was the conse- 
quence of proper precaution not having been taken in due 
time to prevent the shipwreck, by veering away more cable 
and striking her top-masts, and by her having both lower- 
yards and top-gallant-masts aloft ; but that no blame was 
imputable to Captain Carew, as he had left her properly 
moored, and in a good berth : he was therefore acquitted. 

This officer, we are told, married a widow lady with a 
fortune of 80,000. 



JOHN FISHER, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in Aug. 1805 : and promoted to 
the command of the Wasp sloop, June 7th, 1814. 



JAMES PICKARD, ESQ. 

SON of the late Mr. James Pickard, a most respectable 
man, in business at Birmingham, where he made great ini 
provements on the steam-engine, and realized a handsome 
independence, which he lived to enjoy in retirement for 
many years. 

VOL. IV. PART I. P 



210 COMMANDERS. 

Mr. JAMES PICKARU, junior, was born at Birmingham, in 
1781 ; and entered the royal navy, at the age of fifteen years, 
as midshipman on board the Diana frigate, Captain Jonathan 
Faulkner, then on the Irish station, where she re-captured 
several merchant vessels, and was more than once chased by- 
part of a powerful French fleet, in the vicinity of Bantry Bay. 

In the following year, 1797, Mr. Packard joined the Boa- 
dicea frigate, Captain (now Sir Richard G.) Keats; under 
whom he served, in that ship and the Superb 74, until or- 
dered by Lord Nelson to act as lieutenant of the Canopus 
80, bearing the flag of Rear- Admiral (afterwards Sir Thomas) 
Louis, April 2d, 1805. This appointment was confirmed by 
the Admiralty, on the llth Oct. following, previous to which 
he had accompanied our great hero to Egypt and the West 
Indies, in pursuit of the combined French and Spanish fleets. 
The manner in which the Canopus was employed, between 
Aug. 1805 and June 1806, has been stated in Vol. II. Part I. 
pp. 279 281 ; but we should have added, that it was the 
share she bore at the battle of St. Domingo, which gained 
Rear- Admiral Louis a baronetcy, and her captain (F. W. 
Austen) a companionship of the Bath. 

After undergoing a thorough repair at Plymouth, the 
Canopus, then commanded by Captain (afterwards Commis- 
sioner) T. G. Shortland, and still bearing the flag of Sir 
Thomas Louis, proceeded in company with other ships to 
the coast of France, for the purpose of intercepting a French 
squadron, to which Jerome Buonaparte was attached as a 
capitaine de vaisseau. On the 2/th of Sept. 1806, a re- 
markably fine frigate, le Presidente, of 44 guns and 330 
men, was captured. Towards the end of the same year the 
Canopus was sent to Constantinople, from whence Sir Thomas 
Louis brought away the Russian embassy, when war broke 
out between Turkey and the Czar. On the 19th Feb. and 3d 
Mar. 1807, she led the van of Sir John T. Duckworth's 
squadron through the passage of the Dardanelles, suffering 
greatly in her rigging, and receiving several immense shot, or 
rather blocks of granite, in her hull : the total loss she sus- 
tained, during the whole of the operations in that quarter, 



COMMANDERS. 211 

amounted, however, to no more than 32 officers and men 
killed and wounded. 

After the retreat from the sea of Marmora, Sir Thomas 
Louis was detached to Alexandria, with two other ships 
under his orders, but did not arrive there until after that 
place had capitulated to the military and naval forces under 
Major-General M'Kenzie Fraser and Captain Benjamin 
Hallowell. It is worthy of remark, that the Canopus was 
the first English line-of-battle ship that ever entered the 
harbour of Alexandria. Shortly after she had done so, se- 
veral transports' launches were placed under the command of 
Lieutenant Pickard, and employed in carrying provisions up 
the river Nile, for the use of the troops employed against 
Rosetta. The attack upon that place having failed, with 
considerable loss on the side of the British, the same boats 
brought down many of the wounded soldiers. 

Upon the occasion of a larger force being subsequently 
collected to renew the attack, Lieutenant Pickard volunteered 
his services, and was appointed to command fifty seamen, 
attached to the naval brigade under Captain Hallowell. This 
expedition also failed, after being three weeks under the 
walls of Rosetta ; and six men belonging to the Canopus 
were taken prisoners during the retreat. Soon afterwards, 
Sir Thomas Louis died on board his flag-ship, when Captain 
Hallowell appointed Lieutenant Pickard to the command of 
the gun-boats upon the lakes, where he served till the Ca- 
nopus was ordered to Malta, where the remains of the de- 
ceased rear-admiral were interred. In Sept. 1807, he fol- 
lowed Captain Shortland into the Queen 98 ; which ship 
returned home from the Mediterranean station, and was paid 
off at Chatham, towards the end of 1808. 

Mr. Pickard' s subsequent appointments were to the Onyx 
brig, of 10 guns, in which vessel he remained but a very 
few days ; to the Naiad 38, successively commanded by 
Captains Thomas Dundas, Henry Hill, and the late Sir 
Philip Carteret Silvester ; of which ship he was second lieu- 
tenant when, in company with three brigs and a cutter, she 
engaged the Boulogne flotilla, on two successive days, and 

p2 



212 COMMANDERS. 

brought away a formidable praam, under Buonaparte's im- 
mediate inspection ; in this brilliant little affair, for which 
his captain was afterwards made a C. B., he commanded the 
whole of the main-deck battery, the junior lieutenant being 
absent in boats after smugglers : lastly, in April, 1812, to 
be first of the Tenedos 38, Captain Hyde Parker, under 
whom he was most actively employed on the North American 
station j where his health became so much impaired, by the 
severity of the climate, that he was obliged to invalid in 
April, 1814. On his arrival in England he found himself 
promoted to the command of the Rover sloop, by commis- 
sion, dated June 7th, 1814. Unfortunately, he had not then 
sufficiently recovered to avail himself of this desirable ap- 
pointment ; and all his subsequent efforts to obtain employ- 
ment have proved ineffectual. 

This officer married, in 1815, the only child of the Rev. 
Benjamin Spencer, LL.D., who was fifty-two years vicar of 
Aston, near Birmingham; forty-four years rector of Walton, 
in Lincolnshire ; and forty-two years a magistrate for the 
counties of Warwick and Stafford, in which capacity he 
rendered essential service to Government during the great 
Birmingham riots. 

Commander Pickard has several children. His only brother 
married the sister of William Fletcher, Esq. a barrister of 
some eminence on the Midland Circuit : his only sister mar- 
ried an attorney, settled for some years at Walsall, co. Stafford. 
Mrs. Pickard had two brothers, one of whom held the living 
of Smithwick, in the same county ; the other, a lieutenant 
of marines, was killed on board the Edgar 74, at the battle 
of Copenhagen, in April, 1801. 



HENRY ELTON, ESQ. 

YOUNGEST son of the Rev. Sir Abraham Elton, bark, by 
Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Alderman Sir John Durbin, 
knt., an eminent merchant of Bristol. 

This officer's first commission bears date Mar. 6th, 1807 ; 



COMMANDERS. 213 

at which period he was serving as junior lieutenant of the 
Cornwallis frigate, Captain Charles James Johnston, then 
proceeding from Madras to the west coast of America.* We 
next find him in the Dreadnought 98, bearing the flag of 
Vice-Admiral Thomas Sotheby, employed off Ushantj on 
which station he was wounded in a sanguinary boat attack, 
Sept. 9th, 1810. f He subsequently served under the flag of 
Lord Exmouth, in the Caledonia 120; from which ship he ap- 
pears to have been promoted to the command of the Cephalus 
sloop, June 7th, 1814. 

Commander Elton married, July 20th, 1816, Mary, 
daughter of the late Sir Francis Ford, bart. and relict of 
Peter Touchet, Esq., and has issue. 



JAMES MEARA, ESQ. 

OBTAINED his first commission in May, 1807 ; and served 
for some time in the Ville de Paris 1 10, bearing the flag of 
Lord Collingwood, on the Mediterranean station. He was 
promoted to the command of the Pandora sloop, June 7th, 
1814. 



JAMES ATHILL, ESQ. 

WAS the only son of the late Hon. Samuel Byam Athill, 
pro tempore commander-in-chief at Antigua. He passed 
his examination, and obtained a lieutenant's commission, in 
June, 1809 ; was appointed to the Venerable 74, fitting out 
for the flag of Rear- Admiral (now Sir Philip C. H.) Durham, 
Dec. 18th, 1813 ; promoted to the command of the Mutine 
sloop, June 7th, 1814 ; and appointed to the Hardy, April 
20th, 1815. 

Commander Athill married, Nov. 8th, 1819, Selina The- 
resa, third daughter of the late C. Bishop, Esq. H. M. Pro- 
curator-General j and died at the island of Antigua, April 
9th, 1825. 

* See Suppl. Part I. pp. 170174. 
t See Vol. HI. Part I. p. 94, et seq. 



214 COMMANDERS. 

WILLIAM COBBE, ESQ. 

PASSED his examination, and was made a lieutenant, in 
Nov. 1809. He obtained the rank of commander on the 7th 
June, 1814 j and died near Dublin, July 8th, 1831, aged 
40 years. 

JOHN TRACEY, ESQ. 

WAS wounded, while serving as master's- mate, on board 
the Ardent 64, Captain R. R. Burgess, at the memorable 
battle of Camperdown, Oct. llth, 17^7 He obtained his 
first commission on the 6th Oct. 1800 ; and commanded the 
Princess Augusta, a small hired cutter, of eight guns and 
about thirty men, in an action with a French privateer, of 
fourteen guns and full of men, near the mouth of the river 
Tees, June 13th, 1804. During this engagement, which 
lasted nearly four hours, the Princess Augusta received se- 
veral shot near the water's edge, and was much shattered in 
her rigging, but had not a man killed, and only three of her 
little crew wounded. The enemy sheered off on perceiving 
the approach of two small vessels, manned with sea-fenci- 
bles, from Redcar. 

On the 2Sth Jan. 1807, Lieutenant Tracey captured the 
Jena privateer, of four guns and thirty men. He also re- 
took her prize, a Prussian ship, laden with timber, and bound 
to London. In the course of the same year, he was removed 
from the Princess Augusta into the Linnet brig, of fourteen 
guns and sixty men j in which vessel he made the following 
captures : 

Le Courier, of 18 guns and 60 men, taken off Cape Barfleur, after a 
running fight of an hour and forty minutes, during which she had her 
second captain killed, and three men wounded, Jan. 16th, 1808. Foiid- 
rot/ant, of 10 guns and 25 men, taken off Cherbourgh, Aug. 30th, 1808. 
Petit Charles, 26 armed men on board, but with HO guns mounted, taken 
off the Start, May 29th, 1812. 

On the 25th Feb. 1813, being then in the chops of the 
Channel, the wincl blowing hard, Lieutenant Tracey had the 



COMMANDERS. 215 

misfortune to be captured by la Gloire, a French 40 gun 
frigate, returning from a two months' cruise. His conduct 
on this occasion is deserving of particular mention. 

La Gloire, when first discovered, was to windward. Bear- 
ing up under her fore-sail and close-reefed main-top-sail, she 
arrived within hail of the Linnet at 2-30 P.M., and ordered 
her to strike. Instead of doing so, the brig boldly crossed the 
bows of the frigate, and, regardless of a heavy fire which the 
latter commenced, obtained the weather-gage. As la Gloire 
outsailed the Linnet on every point, all that Lieutenant Tracey 
could now do, was to endeavour to out-manoauvre her. This 
he did by making short tacks ; well aware that, owing to her 
great length, the frigate could not come about so quickly as 
a brig of less than 200 tons. Jn practising this manoeuvre, 
the Linnet had to cross the bows of la Gloire a second and a 
third time (the second time so near as to carry away the fri- 
gate's jib-boom), and was all the while exposed to her fire j 
but which, owing to the ill-direction of the shot from the 
roughness of the sea, did no great execution. At length, at 
3-30 P.M., having succeeded in cutting away some of the 
Linnet's rigging, la Gloire got nearly alongside of her ; but 
Lieutenant Tracey would not yet haul down the British co- 
lours. The brig suddenly bore wp athwart the hawse of the 
frigate ; and la Gloire, had she not as suddenly luffed up, 
must, as the French captain, Mons. Roussin, says, have 
passed completely over her. Two broadsides from la Gloire 
now carried away the bowsprit, fore-yard, and gaff of the 
Linnet, and compelled her to surrender. Such seamanship 
and intrepidity, on the part of Lieutenant Tracey, shew 
where la Gloire would have been, had he encountered her in 
a frigate. 

The Linnet was carried into Brest, and her late com- 
mander, officers, and crew, remained as prisoners until the 
end of the war. On the 31st May, 1814, a court-martial 
was held on board the Gladiator, at Portsmouth, to try them 
for the loss of their vessel ; when, in addition to an honor- 
able acquittal, Lieutenant Tracey was highly complimented 
for " his judicious and seamanlike manoeuvres, for his cou- 



21() COMMANDERS. 

rage and judgment, and for his endeavour to disable the 
enemy, though his efforts were not completely successful." 
On the llth of the following month, he was promoted to 
the rank of commander a just reward for his truly meri- 
torious conduct. 

This officer married, May 3d, 1825, Mrs. Knight, of 
Gosport, only sister of the Rev. J. R. Cooper, of Ems- 
worth, co. Hants. 



HERBERT WILLIAM HORE, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in Nov. 1808, and commander on 
the 1 1th June, 1814. He died at Ryde, in the Isle of Wight, 
Jan. 10th, 1823, aged 36 years. 



ROBERT TOMLINSON, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in April, 1782; but we find no 
particular mention of him until Oct. 1797 , when he com- 
manded the Speedwell hired armed vessel, and captured two 
French privateers, les Amis and le Telemachus, in the British 
Channel. He subsequently, in company with the Valiant 
lugger, captured 1'Esperance and le Speculateur, each of 14 
gunsj on the same station. In Feb. 1801, he engaged and 
beat off a Spanish flotilla, on which occasion the Speedwell 
had two men wounded. 

In Feb. 1805, Lieutenant Tomlinson was appointed to the 
command of the Dexterous gun- brig. On the llth of Sept. 
following, being then on the Gibraltar station, he fell in with 
eight Spanish heavily armed vessels, having under their pro- 
tection a number of merchantmen, from Malaga bound to 
Algeziras. Notwithstanding the vast superiority of the 
enemy's force, he not only captured seven of their charge, 
but also cut off and secured a gun-boat, mounting one long 24- 
pounder and one carronade, with a complement of thirty men. 

This officer continued to command the Dexterous until 
promoted to his present rank, June 15tb, 1814. 



COMMANDERS. 217 

NATHANIEL VASSALL, ESQ. 

OBTAINED his first commission in Nov. 1790 ; and was 
wounded, while serving as one of Nelson's lieutenants, at the 
memorable battle of the Nile. During the whole of the late 
war, he commanded the Juniper schooner, of 10 guns. His 
promotion to the rank of commander took place on the 15th 
June, 1814. He died Sept. 8th, 1832. 



GEORGE NORTON, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in Nov. 1790, from which period 
we find no mention of him until Feb. 18th, 1807 J when the 
Inveterate gun-brig, under his command, was wrecked near 
St. Valery-en-Caux, and four of her crew perished. During 
the remainder of the war, he was a prisoner in France. His 
commission as commander bears date June 15th, 1814. 



THOMAS HENRY WILSON, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant into the Boyne 98, flag-ship of Sir 
John Jervis, Feb. llth, 1794. He appears to have been 
wounded, while serving on shore, at the reduction of Marti- 
nique ; and, if we mistake not, he commanded the Venom 
gun-vessel during the subsequent operations against St. Lu- 
cia and Guadaloupe. 

On the 21st April, 1800, Lieutenant Wilson, then com- 
manding the Lark hired armed lugger, and employed off the 
Texel, drove on shore a French cutter privateer, of 10 guns 
and 36 men. On the 25th of the same month, he chased and 
came up with another vessel of the description, which, after 
engaging him a short time, ran ashore on the Vlie Island, 
where she defended herself pretty well for an hour, at the 
end of which the French crew were seen escaping to the land, 
under the cover and protection of about 100 troops. Lieute- 
nant Wilson immediately hoisted out his small boat, di- 



218 COMMANDERS. 

reeled the larger one to follow him, and lost no time in board- 
ing the enemy's vessel, which he succeeded in getting afloat, 
although greatly annoyed by musketry from the shore. She 
proved to be the Impregnable of fourteen guns, two of which 
were long 9- pounders, and, as appeared by her log, she had 
on board, during the engagement, about sixty men. This 
vessel had been particularly successful during her former 
cruises, and was one of the greatest pests that infested the 
British coast. 

The Lark was attached to the fleet under Sir Hyde Parker, 
sent against the Northern Confederacy, in Mar. 1801. Lieu- 
tenant Wilson obtained his present rank on the 15th June, 
1814. 



HENRY ROWED, ESQ. 

SON of the late Henry Rowed, of Caterhara Court, co Sur- 
rey, Esq. 

This officer obtained his first commission on the 30th May, 
1794 ; and was wounded while serving with the Anglo-Rus- 
sian armies, at the Helder, in Sept. 1799. We next find 
him commanding the hired armed cutter Union, employed on 
the coast of France, where, in May 1800, he displayed great 
gallantry at the attack and capture of two merchant brigs, un- 
der a heavy fire from the shore. On the 9th Sept. 1803, 
being then in command of the hired cutter Sheerness, he per- 
formed another exploit, for the account of which we are in- 
debted to Mr. James : 

" Lieutenant Henry Rowed, having the look-out on the French fleet iu. 
Brest harbour, observed, close in shore, two chasse-mare'es stealing to- 
wards the port. Sending a boat, with the mate and seven men, to cut off 
one, the Sheerness herself proceeded in chase of the other, then nearly 
five miles distant, and close under a battery about nine miles to the east- 
ward of Bee duRaz. At 10 A. M. it fell calm, and the only mode of pur- 
suing the enemy was by a small boat suspended at the stem of the Sheer- 
ness, and which with difficulty would contain five persons. Lieutenant 
Rowed acquainted the crew with his determination to proceed in this boat, 
and called for four volunteers to accompany him. Immediately John 



COMMANDERS. 219 

Marks the boatswain, and three others, came forward j and the boat put 
off in chase of the chasse-rnare'e, then about four milea distant, and, by 
the aid of her sweeps, nearing the shore very fast. 

" After the boats had pulled for two hours, the chasse-mare'e was seen 
to run on shore under the above-mentioned battery. Notwithstanding 
this, and that there were thirty French soldiers drawn up on the beach to 
protect the vessel, Lieutenant Rowed continued the pursuit ; and, as he laid 
her on board on one side, her crew deserted her from the other. It was 
then that the soldiers opened a heavy fire of musketry upon the British, 
who immediately commenced cutting the cable, and used other means to 
get the vessel afloat. In order that the soldiers might not see how to 
point their pieces, the fore-sail was hoisted ; but the haliards, almost at the 
same moment, were shot away. Fortunately for the enterprising crew 
now on board the chasse-mare'e, the tide was flowing and aided their exer- 
tions : she got off, and the boat commenced towing her from the shore. 
Fortunately, also, not a man of the five was hurt, although forty-nine 
musket-balls, intended for them, had lodged in the side and masts of the 
vessel. 

" Scarcely had the prize been towed a third of a mile, when a French 
boat, containing an oflieer and nine men, armed with muskets, and who 
had pulled up in the wake of the chasse-mare'e unobserved, suddenly made 
her appearance alongside. In an instant, and without waiting for any 
orders, John Marks, dropping his oar, and neglecting to take any kind of 
weapon in his hand, leaped from the boat on board the vessel ; and, run- 
ning to the side close off which the enemy lay, stood, in a menacing atti- 
tude, unarmed as he was, for at least half a minute, until his four com- 
panions, with a supply of muskets and ammunition, and who could only 
quit their ticklish boat one at a time, got to his assistance. If not astonish- 
ment at the sight, it must have been a generous impulse, that prevented 
the Frenchmen from shooting or cutting down the brave boatswain ; for 
they were, it seems, near enough to have done even the latter. Seeing 
that Lieutenant Rowed and his four men were determined to defend their 
prize, they, after a feeble attempt to get possession, sheered off, keeping 
up for a short time, as they receded from the vessel, an ineffectual fire of 
musketry. The battery also opened a fire upon her as she was towing off; 
but it proved equally harmless with that from the soldiers, both on th$ 
beach and in the boat." 

In consequence of this truly gallant exploit, the Com- 
mittee of the then recently established Patriotic Fund at 
Lloyds, resolved that a sword of 50 value, with a suitable 
inscription, or that sum in money, at his option, should he 
presented to Lieutenant Rowed, " as a token of the sense 
entertained of his distinguished merit;" and that a silver 



220 COMMANDERS. 

call and chain, likewise suitably inscribed, should be given to 
John Marks, " for his exemplary bravery *." 

Mr. Rowed's last appointment was, Nov. 6th, 1811, to the 
Swan cutter ; in which vessel he continued until promoted to 
the rank of commander, June 15th, 1814. He died on the 
6th Jan. 1831. 



JOHN WATSON, ESQ. 

OBTAINED the rank of lieutenant in Aug. 1794 ; and, dur- 
ing the late war, commanded the Aggressor gun-brig, for 
several years, on the Baltic and North Sea stations. His 
commission as commander bears date June 15th, 1814. 



JOHN FENNELL, ESQ. 

OBTAINED his first commission in Oct. 1794 ; and was 
taken prisoner while serving as senior lieutenant of la Minerve 
frigate, Captain (now Sir Jahleel) Brenton, July 2d, 1803 f. 
He continued in France during the remainder of the war. a 
period of nearly eleven years ; and was promoted to his pre- 
sent rank on the 15th June, 1814. 



toi ; ;trfi'W-ii "' -) I'.iKn- 

WALTER BOSWELL, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in Mar. 1795. He commanded 
the Conquest gun-brig, principally employed on the Jersey 
station, from Oct. 1804 until advanced to his present rank, 
June 15th, 1814. 



* The Patriotic Fund was established on the 20th July, 1803, between 
which period and Mar. 1st, 1820, the amount of subscriptions was 
.595,000; the greatest part of which appears to have been paid away in 
annuities and donations, swords, vases, and other honorary marks of dis- 
tinction. 

f See Vol. II. Part I. p. 266. 



COMMANDERS. 221 

JOHN ROW MORRIS, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in May 1795. During the late 
war, he commanded the Insolent gun-brig, and Pioneer 
schooner, from which latter vessel he was promoted to his 
present rank on the 15th June, 1814. He is now an inspec- 
ing commander of the Coast-Guard. 



JOHN LAMBERT, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in Feb. 1/96; and had the mis- 
fortune to be wrecked in the Shannon frigate, Captain Ed- 
ward Leveson Gower, under the batteries of Cape La Hague, 
Dec. 10th, 1803. In consequence of this disaster, he was 
upwards of ten years a prisoner at Verdun. His commission 
as commander bears date June 15th, 1814. 

This officer married, 1st, in Aug. 1809, Miss Leigh, 
daughter of a fellow captive; and, 2dly, May 29th, 1822, 
Catharine, daughter of the late Rev. Thomas Cobb, of 
Ightham, co. Kent. 



GEORGE NINIS, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in Mar. 1799 ; and commander 
on the 15th June, 1814. 



JOHN SEAGER, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in April, 1799 j and commander 
on the 15th June, 1814. 



ALLAN STEWART, ESQ. 

OBTAINED his first commission in Aug. 1799 ; and was 
senior lieutenant of the Alceste frigate, commanded by the 
late Sir Murray Maxwell, at the capture and destruction of a 



222 COMMAND KltS. 

Spanish convoy, under the batteries of Rota, near Cadiz, 
April 4th, 1808.* The following is an extract of his cap- 
tain's official letter on that occasion : 

" The situation of our little squadron was rather a critical one, tacking 
every fifteen minutes close on the edge of the shoal, with the wind in, and 
frequently engaged both sides. In the heat of the action, the first lieu- 
tenant, Allan Stewart, volunteered to board the convoy, if I would give 
him the boats. I was so struck with the gallantry of the offer, that I 
could not refrain from granting them, although attended with great risk. 
He went, accompanied by Lieutenants Pipon and Hawkey, of the royal 
marines (who most handsomely volunteered to go, as their men were 
chiefly employed in working the ship) ; Messrs. Arscott and Day, mas- 
ter's-mates; and Messrs. Parker, Adair, Croker, M'Caul, and M'Lean, 
midshipmen ; they were soon followed by the Mercury's boats, under the 
cottttnand of Lieutenant Watkin Owen Pell, who was accompanied by 
Lieutenant Gordon, Lieutenant Whylock (R. M.), and Messrs. Du Cain 
and Corayn, master's-mates. The boats, led by Lieutenant Stewart, 
pushed on in the most gallant manner, boarded and brought out seven 
tartans from under the very muzzles of the enemy's guns, and from under 
the protection of the barges and pinnaces of the combined fleet, which had, 
by that time, joined the gun-boats" [twenty in number]. 

In the summer of 1810, Lieutenant Stewart, after having 
assisted in destroying several armed vessels and martello 
towers, on the coast of Italy, was sent with a message from 
Captain Maxwell to the French officer commanding at the 
mouth of the Tiber ; who, disregarding the sanctity of a flag 
of truce, confined him for several weeks in a dungeon, and at 
length sent him off as a prisoner to Verdun f. His promo- 
tion to the rank of commander took place on the 15th June, 
1814. 



ROBERT SHED, ESQ. 

Is the son of a warrant officer. He was made a lieutenant 
in Dec. 1J99; W*cl commander June 15th, 1814. 



* See Suppl. Part I. p. 312. 
f See Vol. III. Part II. p. 44. 



COMMANDERS. 223 

JOHN JULIAN, ESQ. 

WAS born at Plymouth in Nov. 1778 ; and entered into the 
royal navy, as midshipman on board the Druid frigate, Cap- 
tain Joseph Ellison, in Nov. 1793. He also served under 
the same officer in the Standard 64, from which ship he was 
removed to the Captain, a third rate, successively command- 
ed by Captains John Aylmer and Sir Richard J. Strachan. 
His first commission bears date Dec. 27th, 1799. 

On the 9th Nov. 1800, Mr. Julian, then lieutenant of the 
Havock sloop, Captain Philip Bartholomew, suffered ship- 
wreck in St. Aubyn's bay, Jersey; and with difficulty- 
escaped to the shore, after remaining for nearly twelve hours 
in an almost perishing condition. In the early part of the 
late war we find him serving under Captains John Child 
Purvis and Edward Codrington, in the Royal George, first 
rate, and Orion 74 ; the latter ship forming part of Nelson's 
fleet at the glorious battle of Trafalgar. After that memo- 
rable event, he was five years first lieutenant of the St. Albans 
64, Captain Francis William Austen j and Boyne 98, bearing 
the flag of Rear-Admiral Sir Harry Neale. In 1812, he 
commanded the Teaser gun-brig, and succeeded in effecting 
his escape from the French frigate Arethusa, after a chase of 
two nights and three days, frequently within musket shot. 
His last naval appointment was, June 2d, 1813, to the Racer 
schooner, in which vessel he continued until promoted to the 
rank of commander, June 15th, 1814. He died at Kings- 
bridge, co. Devon, whilst employed in the coast-guard ser- 
vice, in 1828 j leaving eight children, the eldest only sixteen 
years of age. 



EDWARD COLLINS, ESQ. 

OBTAINED his first commission in Dec. 1800; and served 
as flag-lieutenant to Rear-Admiral Penrose, during the ope- 
rations on the north coast of Spain, in 1814*. He subse- 



SeeSuppl. Tart II. p. 281. 



224 COMMANDERS. 

quently acted as commander of the Martial sloop, employed 
in the river Gironde*. This officer married, in 1809, the 
eldest daughter of T. Carlyon, of Trogehan, co. Corn- 
wall, Esq. 



HENRY BAKER (), ESQ. 

WAS wounded while acting as third lieutenant of the Alc- 
rnene frigate, Captain Samuel Sutton, at the battle of Copen- 
hagen, April 2d, 1801. His appointment to that ship was 
confirmed on the 7th of the same month. He obtained the 
rank of commander on the 15th June 1814; and died in 
April 1823. 



RICHARD WILBRAHAM, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in Oct. 1801; and commander, 
June 15th, 1814. 



GEORGE INGRAM, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in Jan. 1802; and served as such 
under Captain Henry Gordon, in the Wolverene sloop, until 
that ship was captured by a French frigate-built privateer, of 
very superior force, Mar. 28th, 1804 f. After suffering cap- 
tivity for ten years, he was advanced to his present rank, 
June 15th, 1814. 



JOSEPH CORBYN, ESQ. 

WE first find this officer acting as lieutenant of la Sybille 
frigate, Captain Charles Adam ; and distinguishing himself 
in the command of her boats, during the blockade ofBatavia, 
in 1800 J. He afterwards assisted at the capture of la Chif- 



See Suppl. Part II. p. 287- t See Vol. II. Part II. p. 936. 

J See Suppl. Part I. p. 143. 



COMMANDERS. 225 

fone" French frigate, in Mahe Road, island of Seychelles * ; 
and subsequently served under the same officer, in the Re- 
sistance 38, on the Channel and Mediterranean stations. On 
the 8th Mar. 1809, the boats of that ship, under his direction, 
captured a 4-gun battery, and destroyed a French armed 
schooner and a chasse-mare'e, in the port of Anchovd, near 
Cape Machicaco. 

From the Resistance, Lieutenant Corbyn followed Captain 
Adam into the Invincible 74, which ship was most actively 
employed in co-operation with the Spanish patriots, during 
the siege of Tarragona, by the French army under Marshal 
Suchet, in May 1811 f. On the 4th April 1813, an official 
letter, of which the following is a copy, was addressed by 
Captain Adam to Vice- Admiral Sir Edward Pellew : 

" Sir, The Baron D'Eroles having requested I would co-operate in an 
attack upon the enemy's posts at Atnpolla and Perello, near the Ebro, two 
boats of H. M. ship Invincible, armed with carronades, under the direc- 
tions of Mr. Corbyn (the first lieutenant), and a Spanish felucca, in which 
a party of troops were embarked, left Salo bay on the afternoon of the 
1st inst., with orders to attack the post at Ampolla. The troops were 
landed within two miles of it, about one o'clock in the morning, and the 
battery of two 18-pounders was completely surprised, the sentry having 
been shot. The guns were then turned on the fortified house in which 
the greater part of the guard were posted, who evacuated it immediately, 
and most of them escaped, but some of them were afterwards taken at 
Perello. 

" That place, which is two leagues inland from Ampol'a, was imme- 
diately invested by a detachment of the Baron's troops ; and upon the 
enemy refusing to receive a flag of truce, the walls of the town, which 
were tilled with loop-holes, were scaled, and a large square tower m the 
middle of the town, into which the French retreated, was instantly sur- 
rounded. 

" Owing to light winds and calms, I was not able to anchor the Invin- 
cible in Ampolla bay until the afternoon of the 2d. Two field-pieces were 
then landed, and sent to Perello, under the direction of Lieutenant Corbyn, 
assisted by Lieutenant Pidgley and the midshipmen attached to the guns. 
They were placed in a house near the tower, and at daylight the next 
morning opened upon it. 



* See Vol. II. Part I. p. 222 et seq. 
t See Vol. II. Part I. p, 225 et seq. 
VOL. IV. PART I. Q 



226 



COMMANDERS. 



" After a very resolute defence, two breaches having been made in the 
tower, it surrendered, and a lieutenant and 33 soldiers were made pri- 
soners. The enemy had one killed and three wounded ; but I have the 
satisfaction to say, that only one man belonging to this ship was wounded. 
The Spaniards had two killed. 

" At Ampolla, two small privateers fell into our hands, which had been 
employed in communicating with Tarragona, and intercepting the trade 
passing the mouth of the Ebro. The post appears to have been esta- 
blished chiefly for the protection of this description of vessels and their 
prizes. By the taking of Perello, the enemy's communication with the 
Col de Balageur is very much straitened, as it is on the high road from 
that place to Tortosa. 

" The Baron D'Eroles speaks in the highest terms of the assistance 
afforded him by Lieutenant Corbyn, and the officers and men under his 
directions ; and I have great satisfaction in reporting it to you. I have 
the honor to be, &c. (Signed) " C. ADAM." 

Lieutenant Corbyn was next employed on shore at the 
siege of the fort of Col de Balageur, situated in a most diffi- 
cult pass, through which the high road from Tortosa to Tar- 
ragona winds, and the key of the only road by which cannon 
could be brought into Catalonia from the westward, without 
going round by Lerida. This fort had twelve pieces of 
ordnance mounted, including two 10-inch mortars and two 
howitzers ; and the surrounding heights were found so diffi- 
cult of access, that it was a work of the greatest labour to 
establish the necessary batteries before it. One of these, 
mounting two 12-pounders, two field-pieces, and a howitzer, 
was placed under the command of Lieutenant Corbyn, who 
kept up an admirable fire, diverting the attention of the 
enemy from another party of the besiegers employed in the 
construction of a breaching battery. In his official letter to 
Rear- Admiral Hallowell, reporting the surrender of the fort, 
June 7th, 1813, Captain Adam says : 

" I cannot conclude without calling to your notice the indefatigable 
exertions of Lieutenant Corbyn, both in getting the guns up to the battery 
he commanded, and the excellent fire he kept from them afterwards; and 
I feel highly gratified in noticing the conduct of so old and excellent an 
officer, with whose value I am well acquainted, from a service of many 
years together*." 

* See Suppl. Part TIL pp. 201204. 



COMMANDERS. 227 

Lieutenant Corbyn was promoted to the rank of com- 
mander on the 15th June, 1814. 



ROBERT M'COY, ESQ. 

SON of Mr. Daniel M'Coy, a master in the royal navy. 
He was made a lieutenant on the 3d July, 1802 ; promoted 
to his present rank, while serving as first of the Swiftsure74, 
Captain Edward Stirling Dickson, June 15th, 1814; and ap- 
pointed an inspecting commander in the coast-guard service, 
April 6th, 1831. 



GEORGE CANNING, ESQ. 

Is the third son of the late Robert Canning, of Hertford, 
Esq. He entered the royal navy under the auspices of the 
late Rear- Admiral John Willet Payne*, by whom he was 
placed, as midshipman, on board the Russel 74, bearing the 
flag of Vice- Admiral M'Bride, on the North Sea station, in 
the summer of 1796. From this ship he was soon afterwards 
removed into 1'Impetueux 78, commanded by his patron, and 
attached to the Channel fleet j where he continued until that 
officer's promotion to a flag, in Feb. 1799. He then joined 
the Tamar frigate, Captain Thomas Western, fitting out for 
the reception of Lord Hugh Seymour, the newly appointed 
commander-in-chief at the Leeward Islands, to whose patron- 
age he was most strongly recommended. 

Shortly after his arrival in the West Indies, Mr. Canning 
witnessed the surrender of the Dutch colony at Surinam, to 
the naval and military forces under Lord Hugh Seymour and 
Lieutenant-General Triggef; and six days subsequent to that 
event, he assisted at the capture of the French frigate Re- 
publicain, mounting 34 guns, with a complement of 250 men, 
some of whom, however, were absent in prizes. In the short 
but close action which took place on this occasion (after an 
anxious chase of more than fifty hours), the enemy's ship was 



* See Suppl. Part I. note } at p. 57 et sea. f Aug. 20th, 1 799. 

o2 



228 COMMANDERS. 

reduced to a mere wreck, and sustained a loss of nine men 
killed and twelve wounded. The Tamar also suffered much 
in sails and rigging, but had not a man slain, and only two 
of her crew wounded. On board le Republicain were found 
about seventy slaves, taken out of English guineamen. 

The Tamar subsequently cruised with considerable suc- 
cess, and, together with numerous other prizes, captured the 
French ship privateer General Massena, of 16 guns and 150 
men. Mr. Canning, who had been rated master's-mate im- 
mediately after the above action, continued in her until about 
June 1801 ; when he was received on board the Leviathan 74, 
bearing the flag of Rear-Admiral Duckworth, at Martinique. 
We next find him commanding a tender, and successively 
visiting Jamaica, Cura9oa, and Trinidad. His first commis- 
sion (appointing him junior lieutenant of the Desire'e frigate, 
Captain Charles B. H. Ross,) bears date Aug. 24th, 1802. 

During the peace of Amiens, Lieutenant Canning was fre- 
quently despatched in the command of boats up Augusta 
River, many miles from the ship, to procure bullocks for the 
squadron of observation then cruising off Havannah. On 
those occasions he was sometimes absent several days and 
nights, his party sleeping either in the boats or in tents 
rigged on shore. On the renewal of hostilities, he was em- 
ployed both day and night in pressing men from the shipping 
in harbour on the north side of Jamaica, while the frigate 
remained in the offing ; and he succeeded in securing the ser- 
vices of many able fellows. During the subsequent blockade 
of Cape Fran9ois, he commanded the boats of the Desire'e at 
the capture of twelve merchant vessels, respecting which 
services the following official letters were written by Captain 

Ross: 

"Desirfa, Manchineel Bay, Aug. 19/A, 1803. 
" Sir, Having fetched into this anchorage last evening, and seeing 
from the mast-head, over the land, several vessels at anchor in Monte 
Christe roads, I despatched the boats armed, under Lieutenant Canning, to 
bring them out, which service he performed with credit, under a heavy 
fire from the batteries, and returned at daylight this morning, with five 
schooners and a sloop. I have the honor to be, &c. 

" To Captain Bligh, (Signed) " C. B. H. Ross." 

H. M. S. Theteus." 



COMMANDERS. 229 

"Desirtfe, Manchineel Bay, Sept. 4th, 1803. 

tr Sir, I have pleasure in informing you, that your boats, accompanied 
by those of H. M. ship I command, returned early this morning, having 
brought out of Monte Christe all the vessels at that anchorage, to the 
amount of six sail of schooners, under a smart fire from the batteries, 
without loss. I have the honor to be, &c. 

(Signed) " C. B. H. Ross." 

" To Captain Bligh, SfC. SfC. S(C." 

On the publication of these letters, in the London Gazette, 
the Committee of the Patriotic Fund resolved to present Lieu- 
tenant Canning with a sword of 50 value. 

On the 8th Sept. 1803, the Desiree was present at the sur- 
render of Port Dauphin, and a French frigate, la Sagesse, of 
28 guns. Mr. Canning was afterwards placed in charge of a 
detained Spanish slave ship j and, on his arrival at Port 
Royal, appointed, by Rear- Admiral Duckworth, first lieu- 
tenant of la Creole frigate, Captain Austin Bissell, then about 
to sail for England, in company with the Cumberland 74, and 
homeward bound trade. 

On the 25th Dec. following, in lat. 33 18' N. long. 
66 12' W., la Creole sprung a leak, which soon gained on 
the pumps, although a number of invalided seamen and 
French prisoners worked cheerfully and hard at them, in 
conjunction with her crew. All the guns (except four kept 
for making signals), and a large quantity of shot and ballast, 
were then thrown overboard, which, together with a thrummed 
sail under her bottom, had a temporary good effect. Un- 
fortunately, however, the wind, which had been blowing hard 
from the S. W., suddenly chopped round to N. W., making 
a heavy cross sea, causing the ship to labour prodigiously, 
and her leak greatly to increase. On the morning of the 2d 
Jan. 1 804, the weather having moderated, a survey was held 
on her by some officers from the Cumberland, in consequence 
of whose report it was immediately determined that she should 
be abandoned. By 3 i. M. the water in the hold had nearly 
reached the orlop-deck ; and it was evident that the upper 
works were parting from the lower, somewhere about the 
water-line. By 4 o'clock, she was entirely deserted ; and 
about dusk, she for ever disappeared. 



230 COMMANDERS. 

Mr. Canning's next appointment was, in Feb. 1804, to the 
Veteran 64, Captain (now Sir Richard) King, fitting out at 
Chatham, for the Boulogne station. In the ensuing year, he 
followed that officer into the Achille 74 ; of which ship he 
was fourth lieutenant at the memorable battle of Trafalgar. 
On his return to England, in Dec. 1805, he was appointed 
first of the Princess Charlotte frigate, Captain George Tobin, 
then at the Leeward Islands, whither he proceeded in the 
Mediator 44, taking with him an introductory letter to Rear- 
Admiral Cochrane, commander-in-chief on that station. 

Shortly after Mr. Canning's arrival at Barbadoes, the 
Princess Charlotte was ordered to see the homeward bound 
trade safe past Bermuda, and then to return to the West 
Indies, in company with the Unicorn frigate, Captain Lucius 
Hardyman. Unfortunately for her first lieutenant, the un- 
expected appearance of four French frigates, on the 28th May, 
1806, in lat. 31 N. long. 58 38' W., and their continuing for 
several days to hover about the convoy, induced the senior 
officer to keep the whole of the protecting force together, and 
thereby caused his return to England without promotion. 

After refitting at Plymouth, the Princess Charlotte was 
attached to the Irish station, from whence she sailed for 
Davis's Straits, in company with the Dryad and Diana 
frigates, Captains Adam Drummond and Thomas James 
Maling. Not having had the good fortune to come across the 
object of their pursuit (a French squadron sent to interrupt 
the Greenland fishery), these ships returned home by the 
banks of Newfoundland, where they encountered a violent 
storm, in which the Diana lost her fore-mast, and the Princess 
Charlotte her main- top-mast, by the fall of which several 
persons were very severely hurt, and others, then aloft., 
placed in the greatest jeopardy. 

Lieutenant Canning's next appointment was to be third of 
the Brunswick 74, Captain Thomas Graves, which ship he 
commissioned at Portsmouth, early in 1807- During the 
siege of Copenhagen, in the autumn of the same year, he fre- 
quently commanded her boats, and displayed great activity 
and bravery, in preventing supplies from being thrown into 



COMMANDERS. 231 

that city from the islands of Amak and Saltholm. On the 
surrender of the Danish navy, he was directed to assist Lieu- 
tenant Boyd (second of the Brunswick) in fitting out and 
bringing to England a prize 74, the preservation of which 
from impending destruction may justly be attributed to his 
foresight and perseverance. 

The ship in question, deeply laden with stores, and full of 
troops, was passing Huen island, between Copenhagen and 
Elsineur, when Lieutenant Canning, standing on the fore- 
castle, observed another prize, the Neptunos 80, at no great 
distance on the lee-bow, sticking fast with all sail set. Hav- 
ing noticed the track of other large ships, and the wind 
blowing off the Swedish shore, he immediately called 
out " luff," but was contradicted by the pilot, who desired 
the helm to be put up, for the purpose of passing to lee- 
ward of the ship aground. There was not a moment to be 
lost ; it might have been fatal : he therefore promptly urged 
the necessity of keeping more to windward. Lieutenant Boyd, 
handsomely confiding in him, complied with his desire, and 
thereby succeeded in getting through the Sound without any 
accident. The Neptunos, notwithstanding every exertion, 
remained fast, and was ultimately destroyed. 

In Sept. 1808, Lieutenant Canning was appointed first of 
the Centaur 74, bearing the flag of Sir Samuel Hood, then 
returning from the Baltic, and whom he subsequently followed 
into the Hibernia 110, on the Mediterranean station. On the 
17th Feb. 1811, he addressed that officer as follows: 

" Sir, What I beg now to submit for your consideration is the destruc- 
tion of the enemy's fleet at Toulon ; and as I have taken the liberty of 
stating the object I have in view, I presume it will be incumbent on me 
also to state the means by which I propose to effect that object. They are 
as follow, viz. by fire-vessels, of which I would employ a certain number, 
not less than twenty, about 250 tons burthen each, to swim as light as pos- 
sible, and as taunt and square rigged as the hulls will admit, grappling- 
irons, &c. with two fast rowing boats, towed one on each side, so that, in 
case of any accident happening to one, the crew may find resource in the 
other; one commissioned officer, one petty officer, and seven seamen in 
each ; the whole to be under the command of a captain, either in a line-of- 
battle ship or a frigate ; to proceed (being previously in the day time kept 
out of sight of the enemy to avoid suspicion, and the enemy's fleet in the 



232 COMMANDERS. 

outer road), wind and weather favorable, for the entrance of the harbour, 
ten in a line abreast, each having another in tow, chained together at a dis- 
tance of fifteen fathoms, and firmly secured with hawsers: in that position 
bear down on the enemy, on a signal made by the commodore; the head- 
most one to go on the starboard bow, and sternmost on the larboard bow 
of the ship to be attacked, by means of which the enemy will be placed 
between two fires, and if he attempt to tow off one vessel, it will but the 
more entangle him with the other. It may be proper the attack should be 
made between the hours of one and two in the morning, and if possible at 
the setting of the moon. In order effectually to ensure success to an enter- 
prise of such moment, and in which, from the nature of the place, ships of 
war cannot assist, I farther propose the vessels should be so fitted with 
combustibles, and have trains so placed, that they should not be set fire to 
until actually on board the enemy's ships, when the fire must be so sudden 
and extensive as to preclude all possibility of extinguishing it. The boats 
are then to put off, and make the best of their way to the commodore, 
which, from the confusion that must inevitably take place among the 
enemy, appears probable may be done with trifling loss on onr part, par- 
ticularly as the whole force to be engaged will not amount to 200 men. 
To prevent, as far as possible, the enemy gaining information of such 
design, let the vessels be collected and equipped at sea ; but I beg to add, 
that what I have taken the liberty of offering may be liable to alterations and 
improvements, by abler and more experienced heads than mine ; yet I can- 
not conclude without making a request, if such an enterprise should be 
undertaken while I have the honor of being under your command, I may 
be employed on that service, when I will do my best to destroy one of the 
enemy's ships. With every sentiment of respect and esteem, I have the 
honor to remain, Sir, your most obedient and humble servant, 

(Signed) " GEORGE CANNING." 

A few days after, Sir Samuel Hood was pleased to inform 
Lieutenant Canning, that he had communicated the contents 
of his letter to the conimander-in-chief, Sir Charles Cotton, 
who expressed much approbation thereat. 

In May 1811, Sir Samuel left the Mediterranean, he having 
been appointed to the chief command in India ; but as Lieu- 
tenant Canning was on Mr. Yorke's list for promotion, he 
remained in the Hibernia until June 1812, when he was ap- 
pointed, by Sir Edward Pellew, acting commander of the 
Swallow sloop, at Port Mahon. In August following, we 
find him commanding the Kite sloop, employed in the Archi- 
pelago, on which station he continued, under the orders of 
Captain Henry Hope and his successor, Captain John Clavell, 



COMMANDERS. 



233 



until July 1813, an officer appointed by Lord Melville to 
supersede him not having been able to reach Smyrna at an 
earlier period. In answer to the application made by a 
friend, for his confirmation, the following answer was given : 



"Admiralty, \3thAug., 1812. 

" I have had the honor to receive your L - 's note of yesterday, re- 
questing that Lieutenant Canning may be confirmed in the command of 
the Kite. I have had much pleasure, in compliance with your wishes, in 
recommending this officer for an Admiralty vacancy in due season, but I 
regret that my engagements did not admit of his confirmation on the pre- 
sent occasion, and he had therefore already been ordered to be superseded. 

(Signed) " MELVILLE." 

The following are the official details of an affair which gave 
rise to a discussion between the British ambassador at Con- 
stantinople and the Turkish Government : 

"ff. M. sloop Kite, Oct. 22d, 1812. 

" Sir, I beg to acquaint you, that, in obedience to your instructions, 
cruising in the Archipelago, on the 20th inst. about 5 p. M., a lateen vessel 
of very suspicious appearance was observed off the south end of Amorgo, 
the wind light and inclining to calm. I immediately hoisted all the boats 
out, and sent them, under the command of Lieutenant Williams, in chase 
of her : it may be proper for me to add, that, before they left the Kite, 
I plainly saw part of the vessel's hull from the deck. About 7-20 p. M. we 
heard the report of three guns, and saw the flashes of several muskets in 
the direction of the boats : at 9 o'clock they returned, bringing the vessel 
with them. 

" Hardly, Sir, do I know how to express my feelings, when I acquaint 
you, as it is my duty to do, the vessel was manned with nine men and one 
boy, Turks, belonging to Candia, and, as they said, bound to Scala Nova, 
who having hailed the boats when within pistol-shot, though at peace with 
all nations, immediately opened what might have proved a most destructive 
fire upon them, from small carriage guns, by which Thomas Williams, sail- 
maker, being in the headmost boat with Mr. Hall, the master, received a 
musket-shot, which passed through the left shoulder and out at the right 
breast. On boarding the vessel, the Turks threw down their arms. I have 
now further to inform you, with the deepest concern, for, as on the one 
hand I felt all the respect due to the flag and the subjects of a nation with 
whom we are at peace, so, on the other hand, I felt equally for the honor 
of my country ; therefore, as the firing directly into the boats when close 
to, and when boarded calling out they were Turks, which under those cir- 
cumstances could only be considered as calling for quarter, evidently ap- 
peared to me an act no better than wilful murder and piracy, I have, though 



234 COMMANDERS. 

with great reluctance, sunk their vessel : their persons have been held 
sacred ; not a man has received the slightest injury; their property has all 
been given them, except four small bags of dollars, sealed up, said to Con- 
tain about 800, which have been reserved as a small remuneration for the 
wounded man, should he recover. *****. 

(Signed) " GEORGE CANNING." 

" To Captain Clavell, tyc* Sfc. tfc." 

Respecting this affair, the British ambassador at Constan- 
tinople wrote to the senior officer in the Archipelago as fol- 
lows: 

"March 12^,1813. 

" Sir, I received in due time your letter of the 29th January, enclosing 
a copy of Captain Canning's report of the circumstances which attended 
the destruction of the Turkish vessel off the island of Amorgo, concerning 
which a complaint had been made to me by the Turkish Government, and 
I have made the best use in my power of the materials furnished by Captain 
Canning, with a view to inculpate the master of the vessel, and to prove 
that his conduct had been such as deservedly to draw upon him the punish- 
ment he suffered ; but, I am sorry to say, I have not succeeded. 

" The man appears to have convinced the Turkish Ministers of his entire 
innocence. They think it not unnatural, that in the night he might mis- 
take the English boats' crews, imperfectly seen, for pirates or robbers, of 
whom they know there are a number in those seas. They say that all that 
could be expected of him was that he should cease firing the moment he 
discovered his error, which he accordingly did ; that, however excusable 
the English might have been, had they sunk the boat in the first moment of 
irritation, the captain could not be justified in destroying her the next day, 
in cold blood, when he found that her crew were not pirates or robbers, but 
peaceable subjects of a friendly power. 

" Both the Reis Effendi and the Capitau Pasha have therefore made, and 
continue to make, urgent applications to me for compensation to the poor 
man for the loss of his vessel ; and I do not think it will be possible ulti- 
mately to reject the demand. All that seems practicable is to compound 
with the sufferer for a part instead of the whole of the sum he asks, and I 
own it appears to me that it would be advisable to arrange the matter in 
that way, rather than to make it a subject of public discussion between the 
two national Governments. I have the honor to be, &c. 

(Signed) " ROB. LISTON." 

In a private letter to the same officer, dated May 31st, 
1813, Mr. Liston says : 

" The Turkish boatman teazed and bullied the Ottoman ministers, and 
the Reis Effendi harrassed tne so much respecting a compensation for the 
boat sunk by Captain Canning, that I was at last obliged to pay the man 



COMMANDERS. 235 

the 3000 piastres for which he was willing to compound the matter. I 
have got a receipt in full, signed by the boatman, which I am willing to 
put into Captain Canning's hand when he thinks proper." 

On the 19th Feb. 1813, the acting commander of the 
Kite made the following report to Captain Clavell : 

" Sir, I beg to acquaint you, that being obliged to anchor some days 
in the Gulf of Smyrna, occasioned by a gale of wind from the N. E., I ar- 
rived in the Straits of Scio yesterday morning, and anchored the Kite in the 
roads, about a mile from the town ; I proceeded to examine the state of 
the privateers in that port, and received information that the large settee 
which has been lying there some months, was nearly ready for sea. The 
very great protection and encouragement afforded the enemy's privateers 
in Scio, is a fact of such general notoriety, that it will be perfectly useless 
in me to dwell on that subject ; but as the injury they have thereby been 
enabled to do our commerce can be equalled only by the impudence with 
which they boast of it, I need only mention one single instance, which hap- 
pened about two weeks ago, among many others, of so flagrant a nature 
that it attracted the general attention of all concerned in English trade : I 
allude to the ship belonging to Mr. Hayes, of Smyrna, taken by a row- 
boat out of Scio, from under the castle of Fojos, being carried to Patmos, 
where the cargo was sold, the money received, and the privateer's men re- 
turned to Scio, ready to commit new depredations of a similar nature, in 
defiance of all laws which regulate neutral nations, and which have so rigid- 
ly been attended to on our part. Duly considering the above circumstances, 
it appeared to me the most likely means to benefit our general commerce in 
these seas, if, by retaliating on our enemies, they might be brought to a 
more civilised mode of warfare, or driven from this neighbourhood as rob- 
bers and pirates. For these reasons, I gave to Lientenant Williams the 
command of the Kite's boats, having under him acting Lieutenant Booth, 
and Mr. Edgar, purser, whose services are always voluntary, with instruc- 
tions to bring out the settee from Scio. The boats left the brig about 2 
o'clock this morning, and, I am happy to say, the service was accomplished 
in a masterly style, without the smallest accident or any kind of alarm. 
Before day-light, the Kite was under sail, with the privateer in tow, several 
miles distant from the port ; her rudder was on deck, and sails unbent. I 
judged it prudent to see her part of the way out of the Archipelago. She 
is a very fine vessel, about a year old, mounting eight carriage guns, and 
four others in the hold ; near 100 stand of muskets, complete with powder, 
&c. &c. &c. ; seventeen men on board ; sails so remarkably fast, that I ap- 
prehend few of H. M. ships would have been able to have caught her at 
sea, therefore calculated to do much mischief to our trade, if in the hands 
of an enemy. I hope my conduct in this instance will meet your approba- 
tion, and that of the commander-in-chief. I send her on to Malta, with a 
copy of this letter, to Admiral Laugharue. I have the honor to be, &c. 

(Signed) " GEORGE CANNING." 



236 COMMANDERS. 

This vigorous proceeding also became a subject of discus- 
sion with the Divan, as will be seen by the following extract 
of Mr. Liston's private letter, dated May 31st, 1813. 

" I shall think it fortunate if the measures you have taken to prevent the 
sale of Captain Canning's prize have the desired effect, and put it in my 
power to offer conditional restitution to the Porte. But I am sorry to say, 
things are now so deeply embroiled, that I almost despair of getting out of 
our difficulties in the way we could wish. 

" The French, in consequence of the irregularity committed at Scio, 
have had the audacity to land at Syra, and take forcible possession of the 
greater part of the cargo of the ship Carniola, which was deposited in that 
island, under the seal of the parties and of the Turkish Government, await- 
ing the issue of a difference that had arisen respecting the legality of the 
capture, by the French, near the island of Milo. This outrage exceeds 
any thing hitherto perpetrated, and the Minister for Foreign Affairs has 
sent a message to the French Ambassador, demanding the restitution of 
the articles carried off. But I have little confidence in the ultimate success 
of this measure. Buonaparte is not yet low enough to embolden this Go- 
vernment to hold the language it ought upon the occasion." 

In Mar. 1813, acting Commander Canning was despatched 
to the coast of Karamania, where he recovered possession of 
a polacre ship which had been piratically seized in the Adri- 
atic, and plundered of all her cargo except two butts of oil. 
This ship he conducted to Smyrna. 

On the morning of the 5th June, 1813, a most disastrous 
affair took place between the boats of the Kite and some pi- 
rates, assisted by the inhabitants of Kilidromi, a small island, 
situated near the entrance to the Gulf of Salonica. Of forty 
officers and seamen employed in the boats, twenty were 
killed and eighteen wounded * ; including Lieutenant C. Wil- 
liams (to whom strict orders had been given not to land), Mr. 
Edgar (purser), and the senior midshipman. 

On the 23d of the following month, acting Commander 
Canning was superseded, at Smyrna, by the present Captain 
Rowland Mainwaring; and received on board the Orlando 
frigate, for a passage to Malta, where the plague was then 
raging. Having previously obtained permission from Sir Ed- 
ward Pellew to return home, coupled with an offer of an ap- 



See Nav. Chron. vol. xxxi. p. 26. 



COMMANDERS. 237 

pointraent in the fleet under his command, he there deter- 
mined upon proceeding to England, where, after a detention of 
some time at Gibraltar, occasioned by a violent inflammatory 
complaint which had nearly proved fatal, he arrived in the 
beginning of Jan. 1814. His promotion to the rank of com- 
mander took place on the 15th June in the same year, pre- 
vious to which he had been sent back to the Mediterranean, 
and thereby afforded an opportunity of visiting Palermo, Leg- 
horn, Pisa, Genoa, and Marseilles. He finally returned to 
Portsmouth, in the Edinburgh 74, Captain John Lampen 
Manley, in Nov. 1814 ; since which he has not been employed. 
The following is extracted from a letter addressed to him by 
Viscount Exmouth : 

" Ashley House, Plymouth, 25th Dec. 1819. 

*' My dear Sir, I am much obliged, and indeed pleased, that you have 
written to me, for I very well recollect, that my opinion and feeling' about 
you, when under my command, was that of conviction that you had me- 
rited promotion, and had lost it only by unforseen changes and events. 
* * * # #_ 

He subsequently received another proof of the estimation 
in which his conduct, while serving as a lieutenant, was held 
by his superiors : 

"London, 6th Nov. 1820. 

" My dear Sir, You may depend on it, I never had in ray possession a 
medal for you, or I would not, I hope, have done you so much injustice as 
to have thus long detained it from its proper owner. Any certificate I 
can give towards the attainment of such an emblem of honor I will with 
pleasure. Believe me, my dear Sir, faithfully yours, 

(Signed) " RICHARD KING." 

" To Commander Canning-, R. N* " 

In 1818, and the two following years, Commander Canning 



* Mr. Boulton, the scientific and venerable proprietor of Soho, whose 
public exertions were so uniformly distinguished by a patriotism the best 
directed, solicited the permission of Government, that he might be allowed 
to strike a medal, at his own expence, in commemoration of the brilliant 
victory off Cape Trafalgar, and to present one to every officer, seamen, ma- 
rine, &c. who served that day on board the British fleet. The permission 
was immediately granted, with the warmest approbation of so laudable 
a design. 



238 COMMANDERS. 

made strenuous endeavours to procure an alteration in the ton- 
nage laws, with a view to the improvement of ship-building j 
and a few years afterwards, to draw public attention to the very 
dangerous rapidity with which steam-vessels navigated nar- 
row channels and crowded rivers, in order that the same 
might be regulated ; also, in 1829 and 1830, to procure an 
alteration in the machinery used on board those vessels, in 
order to facilitate their movements in turning and winding, 
which has since been done. 

Commander Canning's eldest brother, Jacob, held a com- 
mission in the Hertfordshire militia, and died on the 18th 
June, 1827. 



ABEL WANTNER THOMAS, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in Oct. 1802. He lost the Grap- 
pler gun-brig, on the Isles de Chosey, Dec. 31st, 1803 ; ob- 
tained a pension for wounds, in June, 1813 ; and was pro- 
moted to the rank of commander on the 15th June, 1814. 
He appears, during the late war, to have received an honor- 
able testimonial from the Committee of the Patriotic Fund. 



JOHN POTENGER GREENLAW, ESQ. 

WE first find this officer acting as second lieutenant of la 
Creole frigate, Captain Austin Bissell, which ship, when ac- 
companying a fleet of merchantmen from the West Indies to 
England, was necessarily abandoned by her officers and crew, 
Jan. 2d, 1804*. -He subsequently served as senior lieutenant 
of the Naiad, and obtained great credit for the " zealous sup- 
port" he afforded Captain Carteret (afterwards Sir Philip C. 
Silvester) in two actions with the Boulogne flotilla, under the 
immediate inspection of Napoleon Buonaparte f. His first 
commission bears date May 4th, 1804 ; and his promotion to 



* See p. 229. 
f See Supplement Part I. p. 75. 



COMMANDERS. 239 

the rank of commander took place on the 15th June, 1814. 
He married, Sept. 15th, 1814, Miss E. Palmer, of Hammer- 
smith. 



THOMAS GILL, ESQ. 

LOST his left arm while serving as master's-mate of the 
Racoon sloop, Captain Austin Bissell, in action with the 
French national brig Lodi, on the Jamaica station, July llth, 
1803. He was soon afterwards appointed acting third lieu- 
tenant of la Creole frigate, commanded by the same officer, 
with whom he returned home, after the abandonment of that 
ship, in the Cumberland 74, early in 1804*. His first com- 
mission bears date May 8th, in the latter year. When pro- 
moted to the rank of commander, June 15th, 1814, he was 
serving as senior lieutenant of the Medway 74, Captain Au- 
gustus Brine. 



THOMAS MANSEL, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in Sept. 1804 ; advanced to his 
present rank on the 15th June, 1814; and appointed an in- 
specting commander in the coast guard service, April 13th, 
1831. 



WILLIAM FORBES LEITH, ESQ. 

OBTAINED a lieutenant's commission in May, 1805; and 
the rank of commander on the 15th June > 1814. 



CHARLES WILLIAM CHALMERS, ESQ. 

SON of Sir Robert Chalmers, Knt. commander of the laza- 
retto ship Alexander, stationed at the Motherbank, who died 
on the 4th Sept. 1807- 

We first find this officer serving as midshipman of the Scep- 

See p. 229. 



240 COMMANDERS. 

tre 64, Captain Valentine Edwards, on the East India station. 
When that ill-fated ship was wrecked in Table Bay, Nov. 5th, 
1799, he had the good fortune to be on shore *. ^He obtained 
a lieutenant's commission in Nov. 1805 ; the rank of com- 
mander, on the 15th June, 1814 ; and married, July 2/th, 
1815, Isabella, widow of T. Scott, Esq. of Calcutta. 



FREDERICK AUGUSTUS HARGOOD PARKER, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant on the 22d Jan. 1806. He com- 
manded a boat belonging to the Tartar frigate, Captain Joseph 
Baker, at the capture of a Danish privateer, on the coast of 
Courland, May 15th, 1809 ; and obtained his present rank on 
the 15th June, 1814. 



GEORGE BOWEN, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in Feb. 1806 ; and appointed first 
of the Apollo 38, Captain Bridges W. Taylor, fitting out at 
Portsmouth, for the Mediterranean station, April 30th, 1810. 
On the 13th Feb. 1812, he assisted in capturing the French 
frigate-built store-ship Merinos, of 20 guns and 126 men, un- 
der the batteries of Corsica f j and subsequently the national 
xebec Ulysse, attached to the Corfu flotilla J. On the 21st 
Dec. in the same year, he commanded the boats of the Apollo, 
assisted by those of the Weazle sloop, at the destruction of 
St. Cataldo, the strongest tower between Brindisi and Otran- 
to . The subsequent'reduction of Augusta and Curzola, two 
islands in the Adriatic, was thus officially reported by his 
captain : 

"H. M. S. Apollo, Curzola, Feb. 4th, 1813. 

"Sir, In compliance with your orders of the 18th January, we pro- 
ceeded, with 250 men, under Lieutenant Colonel Robertson, on board the 
Apollo, Esperanza privateer, and four gun-boats, to the attack of Augusta, 
and I have the honor to acquaint you, that it surrendered on the 29th. 



* SeeSuppl. PartlL p. 117. 
f See Vol. III. Part I. p. 292. J See Id. ib. See Id. ib. 



COMMANDERS. '241 

" During this service, which was attended with excessive fatigue, by the 
nature of the mountains over which we had to pass, a distinguished share 
fell to Captain Rorica, who, with fifteen Calabrcse, Mr. Thomas Ullock, 
purser, an artilleryman, and our guide, spiked the guns of the lower bat- 
tery, under musketry of the fort; likewise to Captain May (35th regi- 
ment), Lieutenant George Bowen, and Mr. Ullock, with forty men, and 
the assistance of the inhabitants, who destroyed a store of provisions, and 
took a serjeant of artillery and two other soldiers, in the town, also under 
the musketry of the fort. I do not mean, by mentioning these in particu- 
lar, to take from the merits of others, who were all equally zealous. I can- 
not either avoid mentioning the great exertions of the gun-boats, under 
Lieutenant M 'Donald (35th regiment), the barge, launch, and yawl, under 
Messrs. William Henry Brand, William Hutchinson, and William David 
Fowkes, midshipmen of the Apollo ; they drew a continual fire of the fort 
and battery upon them, and captured a boat attempting to escape with 
despatches. 

" The fort stands upon the pinnacle of a mountain, which position is so 
strong, that fifty English soldiers, with the good disposition of the inhabit- 
ants, are likely to resist any force the enemy may send against it. Its 
garrison consisted of 139 men. It has one mortar, one 18-pounder, and 
two 8-pounders : there are three 18-pounders in the lower battery, and 
several musketry outworks. We have only to lament the loss of one man 
on our side, (an inhabitant) killed ; the enemy had one wounded. 

"Lieutenant-Colonel Robertson having left a garrison in Augusta, we 
sailed on the 1st instant, with the Imogene (sloop), and a gun-boat, to at- 
tack this island. 

" Although it blew excessive hard in squalls, we succeeded in landing 
160 soldiers, 70 seamen, and 50 marines, with a howitzer and 6-pounder 
field gun the same night, at Port Bufalo, which enabled Major Slesser 
(35th regiment,) with the flankers, to surprise the hill, with a musketry 
work upon it that commands the town. 

' Hearing that 300 of the enemy's troops, to relieve Augusta, were arrived 
on the opposite shore (Sabionalla), I directed Lieutenant Charles Taylor, act- 
ing commander of the Imogene, to bring away or destroy their boats, and 
if fired at from Curzola, not to return it to the town ; which instructions he 
obeyed with the utmost forbearance, as he fired over all, when their fire 
was directed at him. Mr. Antonio Parbo, commander of the gun-boat, 
likewise behaved gallantly ; his vessel was hulled three or four times. 

" Finding that the enemy appeared determined to hold out (although our 
field guns were upon the hill, and our advance in the suburbs within pistol- 
shot), and that the civic guard were collecting in the country, I took off 
the Apollo's seamen to attack the sea batteries, which, in the morning of 
the 3d, after about three hours' firing, we silenced ; they then agreed to 
capitulate ; and, I am happy to add, that we thereby have captured the 

VOL. IV. PART I. R 



242 COMMANDERS. 

privateer which molested the trade of the Adriatic so much, also two of 
her prizes. 

" I have to lament the loss of two seamen, killed by grape ; one man 
drowned, by the sinking of the yawl ; and one slightly wounded. I have 
also to regret that the ship's main-mast is very badly wounded, as well as 
a quantity of rigging cut. 

" Upon the walls of the town, and in its towers, were three 18-pounders 
and eight small guns. The clay the island surrendered, we captured several 
vessels in the channel, bound to Ragusa and Cattaro, principally with 
grain, for which those places were in great distress. We have also had 
the satisfaction of returning a quantity of church plate, bells, &c. which 
had been seized by the French, and were about to be carried away from 
Curzola and Augusta. I have the honor to be, &c. 

(Signed) " B. W. TAYLOR." 

" To Rear-admiral Fremantle" 

The active manner in which the Apollo was employed dur- 
ing the remainder of the French war, has been stated in Vol. 
III. Part I. p. 293, et seq. We have only to add, that Mr. 
Bowen continued as her first lieutenant until advanced to his 
present rank, June 15th, 1814. 



HENRY TAYLOR, ESQ, 

OBTAINED the rank of lieutenant in Mar. 1806 ; and com- 
manded the Olympia cutter, on the Cape of Good Hope sta- 
tion, during the operations against the island of Bourbon, in 
1810. On his return from thence to England (having then 
on board the officers charged with the naval and military 
despatches, announcing the reduction of that colony ; and also 
Captain Matthew Flinders, the celebrated navigator, who had 
recently been liberated from his confinement at Mauritius,) 
he captured the French brig Atalante, pierced for eighteen 
guns,' two only mounted, with a valuable cargo, from Port 
Louis, bound to Bourdeaux. 

In May, 181 1, the Olympia was taken by the enemy, off 
Dieppe ; and Lieutenant Taylor appears to have remained in 
captivity from that period until towards the close of the war : 
he was granted a pension for wounds, in Dec. 1813 j and 
promoted to the rank of commander, June 15th, 1814. 



COMMANDERS. 243 

This officer married, in!814, Harriet, daughter of Mr. Ro- 
bert Vuzie, civil engineer. 



CHARLES HAULTAIN, ESQ. 

ELDEST son of the late Lieutenant- Colonel Theodore Haul- 
tain (of the Commandry in the city of Worcester), who was 
captain of the 37th regiment at the battles of Minden, War- 
burg, Fillinghausen, &c. ; and who also saw much other ser- 
vice, both in Germany and North America*. 

Mr.. CHARLES HAULTAIN was born at London, in Dec. 
1787; and appears to have entered the royal navy, in Jan. 
1800, as midshipman on board the AgincourtG4, then bearing 
the flag of his patron, the late Sir Charles Morice Pole ; 
commander-in-chiefat Newfoundland; but subsequently em- 
ployed on the North Sea station, and in conveying H. M. 
25th regiment to Egypt f. During the peace of Amiens, he 
served in the Bonne Citoyenne and Vincejo, sloops, both 
stationed in the Mediterranean. 

On the renewal of hostilities, Mr. Haultain joined the Cer- 
berus 32, Captain William Selby, which ship bore the flag of 
Sir James (now Lord De) Saumarez, at the very spirited at- 
tack made by that distinguished officer upon the batteries and 
invading flotilla at Granville, Sept. 14th, 1803 J. 

Mr. Haultain afterwards served for a short time in the 
Thisbe 28, armed en flute ; and was sent from her, by order 
of the Admiralty, to join the Glory 98, bearing the flag of 
Sir John Orde, off Cadiz. Tn this ship he witnessed the cap- 
ture of two Spanish third rates, by the fleet under Sir Robert 
Calder, July 22d, 1805 . In Mar. 1806, having passed his 
examination, he was removed into the Ocean 98, flag-ship of 
Lord Collingwood, who, on the 26th of the following month, 
presented him with a lieutenant's commission. Between this 



* Lieutenant-Colonel Haultain died in 180G: his wife was the youngest 
daughter of the late Arthur Stert, formerly of Lisbon, Esq. 

f See Vol. II. Part I. p. 141. J See Stippl. Part I. p. 44. 

Sec Vol. I. Part I. p. 405. 

R 2 



244 COMMANDERS. 

period and the beginning of 1809, we find him successively 
serving in the Prince 98, Excellent 74, and Queen 98, off 
Cadiz. 

In the spring of 1809, Mr. Haultain was appointed first 
lieutenant of the Decade 36, on the Irish station j and a few 
months afterwards to the Active 38, Captain (now Sir James 
A.) Gordon, fitting out at Chatham, for the purpose of rein- 
forcing the Adriatic squadron. While belonging to the latter 
frigate, he suffered so greatly in his health, from the constant 
severe and harrassing service on which both the ship and her 
boats were employed, that he was obliged to go to sick quar- 
ters at Malta, and finally to invalid. His next appointments 
were, about Sept. 1811, by desire of Sir Charles Cotton, to 
the San Josef 110; and in the spring of 18J2, shortly after 
the demise of that esteemed admiral *, to the Egmont 74, 
Captain Joseph Bingham, then on the North Sea station. In 
the course of the latter year, he sailed for the Baltic, under 
the flag of the late Sir George Hope, who had been ordered 
to escort to England a Russian fleet, placed under British 
protection f. 

While on this service, Lieutenant Haultain was recalled 
home, to give evidence on the trial of the Marquis of Sligo, 
for seducing seamen from H. M. ships at Malta, in May, 
1810. The details of the said investigation are to be found 
in the Naval Chronicle, vol. 29, pp. 6573, and 163169. 

The Egmont was subsequently employed in cruising 
against the Americans, but met with no success. On her re- 
turn to Spithead, it was understood that a number of gun- 
boats were equipping at Sheerness (in hopes of saving Ham- 
burgh from the grasp of the French), and Mr. Haultain, 
considering how little chance he had of obtaining promotion, 
while junior lieutenant of a line-of-battle ship, immediately 
wrote to Viscount Melville, volunteering to serve in this flo- 
tilla. His offer was accepted, and he soon had the satisfac- 
tion of finding himself appointed the senior officer of twelve 



* See Vol. II. Part I. note f at P- 447. 
t See Vol. I. Part II. p. 725. 



COMMANDERS. 



245 



gun-boats, placed under the command of Captain Arthur 
Farquhar, commanding la Desired frigate, and about to as- 
sume the direction of the Heligoland squadron. 

It is impossible to imagine any thing more miserable than 
the state of these gun-vessels. They \vere originally built 
f w the Walcheren expedition, and had ever since been in the 
river Medway, exposed to all weathers. They were now 
hastily fitted out, armed with two long 24-pounders, and 
manned with 24 men each ; but had no subordinate officers 
whatever, to assist the lieutenants in command. Strips of 
tarred canvas were obliged to be applied to their sides and 
decks, in order to keep the crews dry ; and seldom have offi- 
cers or men undergone such privation, and for such a length 
of time, as did Mr. Haultain and his associates. Had it not 
been for the unremitting kindness of Captain Farquhar, and 
the officers of la Desiree, miserable indeed would have been 
their situation. To use the words of that brave and zealous 
commander, " a month's service in these boats was equal to a 
year in any other." 

We have stated in Suppl. Part III. p. 191, that Cuxhaven 
was re-occupied by the French on the 8th May, 1813. In the 
following month, Captain Farquhar arrived at Heligoland, and 
immediately directed his whole force to attack their batteries, 
for the purpose of trying their strength, as well as to exercise 
the flotilla. A heavy cannonade, within pistol-shot, accord- 
ingly took place, and was continued until the enemy's works 
had evidently suffered much damage, when the squadron and 
gun- boats retired with small loss. From this period, scarcely 
a week passed without the latter being 'engaged either with 
the enemy on shore or afloat. 

In Sept. 1813, Lieutenant Haultain volunteered to attack 
eight Danish gun-vessels, lying at Busum, a small and in- 
tricate harbour, near the mouth of the Elbe. Captain Far- 
quhar not only agreed to his proposal, but reinforced the flo- 
tilla with the boats of the squadron, placed under the com- 
mand of Lieutenant Samuel Radford, first of la Desiree, and 
accompanied the whole in his gig. After great labour at the 
oars, for twelve hours, among shoals and sand-bunks which 



246 



COMMANDERS. 



no one knew any thing of, they arrived within range of the 
enemy, wkose vessels were drawn up in a line, close to the 
shore, and who immediately opened a heavy fire. Nothing 
could exceed the mortification of the British, when, on endea- 
vouring to close, they found the Danes protected by a sand- 
bank in their front, and that the narrow channel in which they 
lay, could be only entered at spring tides, and with the aid of 
experienced pilots. Lieutenant Haultain, two of whose ves- 
sels had got aground, was therefore obliged to content himself 
with endeavouring to destroy them, in which he persevered 
for two hours, during which nearly the whole of his ammuni- 
tion was expended, and several of his officers and men killed 
and wounded ; among the former, a midshipman of la De- 
sire'e ; and among the latter, Lieutenant Francis Darby Bom- 
ney, commanding a gun-boat. Having at length driven two 
of the Danish vessels on shore, and finding the tide ebb ra- 
pidly, he reluctantly abandoned his gallant enterprise, and 
returned to the squadron off Cuxhaven ; on rejoining which, 
he received the approbation and thanks of Captain Farquhar, 
than whom no one more lamented, that the situation of the 
enemy precluded the possibility of success in such an under- 
taking. 

About this time, Lieutenant Haultain had a narrow escape 
from drowning. Having been called on board la Desiree by 
signal, in endeavouring to reach the ship, the tide running 
nine or ten miles an hour, his boat, a small two-oared punt, 
upset, and one of his crew perished : the other man and him- 
self were fortunate enough to reach the launch astern of the 
frigate, and thus escaped a similar dreadful fate. 

In the following month, the gun-boat under the immediate 
command of Lieutenant Haultain, with three others, having 
suffered much by recent gales, and the firing of their exceed- 
ing heavy guns, were considered not Bea-worthy, and ordered 
to be laid up at Heligoland. Disliking the idea of going 
home while there was a probability of any thing to do ; and 
hearing that the allies, under the Crown Prince of Sweden, 
were advancing, he wrote for, and obtained permission to join 
them as a volunteer. On his arrival at Bremen, he was at- 



COMMANDERS. 247 

tached to a battalion of Russian infantry, selected, with some 
Cossacks, to co-operate with the British squadron and flotilla 
in the reduction of the strong fortresses commanding the en- 
trance of the Weser *. Captain Farquhar's official report of 
this service was never made public ; but in his despatch an- 
nouncing the subsequent capture of Cuxhaven, he says, 
" Lieutenant Haultain, whom I had occasion to mention on 
a recent occasion as a volunteer, continued his services ; and, 
with all the officers and men of the squadron employed on 
this occasion, merit my best t hanks f." 

The operations in the Weser and Elbe having been com- 
pleted by the subjugation of the important fortresses of Blexen, 
Bremer-lehe, and Cuxhaven, Lieutenant Haultain rejoined the 
allied army, which he found blockading Rendsburg, in Hoi- 
stein, with the head- quarters at Keil. He was soon after- 
wards despatched by the Crown Prince to assist at the siege 
of Gluckstadt, then about to be undertaken by the Swedish 
General Baron de Boye, in conjunction with Captain Far- 
quhar. During the operations against that place, he was the 
senior lieutenant employed in the seamen's battery, underthe 
command of Captain (now Sir Andrew Pellett) Green J. After 
the surrender of Gluckstadt, he returned to England in la De- 
siree ; and on the 15th June following , was promoted to the 
rank of commander; since which his utmost endeavours to 
get employment have been fruitless. 

In 1819, Baron Steirnheld, His Swedish Majesty's ambas- 
sador at London, transmitted to Commander Haultain a gold 
medal, and the following letter : 

" Stockholm, ce \er Fevrier, 1819. 
" Armde Suedoise, 
Bureau de I'Etat Major General. 

" Monsieur le Capitain de Haultain. Sa Majeste" le Hoi de Suede et de 
Norvege voulant vous donner, Monsieur, un temoignage public de Sa 
haute satisfaction pour Pactivite", la bravoure, et le zele, que vous avez 
de'ployd's pendant le siege de Gluckstadt, en 1813 ct 1814, m'a ordonne" de 



See Vol. III. Part II. p. 234. 

f See Suppl, Part III. p. 251, et seq. J See Id. pp. 380 and392. 

1814. 



248 COMMANDERS. 

vous envoyer la m&laille en or ri-jointe destined aux officiers de tout 
grade, pour action d'eclat et trait de bravoure. 

" En m'acquittant ties ordres de Sa Majeste", je vous prie, Monsieur, 
d'agrder I'assurance de m;i parfaite consideration. 

(Signed) " Le Gdndral Baron DE BJOINSTJERNA. 

" Chef de 1'Etat Major General de 1'Annfe." 

At subsequent periods, Commander Haultain received the 
following honorable testimonials : 

"Culderry House, Oct. 26th, 1827. 

" My dear Sir, I had the happiness of receiving yours of the 23d inst. 
this morning ; and it affords me great pleasure to hear you are perfectly 
well. Could I he of any service to you, either in procuring employment 
or obtaining promotion, I would do it with much gratification to myself, 
and in great justice to His Majesty's naval service. 

" I have by no means forgot your valuable services while I commanded 
the Calliope, and was senior officer of the squadron in the German rivers, 
in the year 1813 ; and I can say with truth, that you were on all occasions 
most ready and willing in furthering my views for the good of His Majes- 
ty's service. I am, my dear sir, youra very truly, 

(Signed) " JOHN M'KERLIE." 

"'Edinburgh l4lA Nov. 1827. 

" My dear Sir, It is some time since I was favored with your letter of 
the 22d ult. which I should have replied to ere this, but from the circum- 
stance of my having been absent from home, and therefore unable to procure 
the documents which you mention, and which could best enable me to send 
you such a certificate as I was, and am still, anxious to do, and which your 
conduct, whilst under my orders, so well merited. I lament to say, that 
to this moment I have been unable to procure the documents alluded to ; 
some of my official letter books are missing or mislaid ; it is possible that 
they may be in a trunk I have sent to London. In the mean time, I 
can only speak to your conduct in a general way ; but I can most con- 
scientiously state, that during the whole of your service, whilst employed 
in the gun-boats under my command, in the rivers Elbe and Weser, and 
luring the time you were senior officer on that service, your conduct me- 
rited my perfect approbation; and I had occasion, in my official despatches 
to Admiral Young, more than once, to make mention of your name in 
terms of praise. And, I assure you, it would give me great pleasure to 
hear of your being again in active employment. I am, my dear Sir, yours 
very faithfully, (Signed) "ARTHUR FARQUHAR." 

Commander Haultain married, Aug. 13th, 1814, Eliza, 
daughter of Mr. Savvard, of Thorp Hall, Prittlewell, Essex, 
Esq. His brother, Francis, is a captain in the royal artille- 



COMMANDERS. 249 

ry; and another, Arthur, a captain in the Hon. E. I. C. ser- 
vice, on the Madras establishment. His brother Frederick, 
a midshipman of the Thetis frigate, died in the West Indies, 
of yellow fever, in 1809. 



JAMES ASKEY, ESQ. 

WAS born in 1775 ; and first went to sea, in the merchant 
service, in 1786, During the Russian armament, in 1791, 
he entered the royal navy, as a foremast lad, on board the 
Rattlesnake sloop, Captain Joseph Sydney Yorke ; under 
whom he continued to serve, in that vessel, the Circe 28, 
Stag 32, Jason 36, and Canada 74, until May 1802 ; at which 
period he had been doing duty on the quarter-deck as midship- 
man and master's-mate, for about twelve months. During the 
peace of Amiens, he commanded a merchant-vessel ; and on 
the renewal of hostilities, in 1803, rejoined Captain Yorke, 
then commanding the Prince George 98. In Sept. 1804, he 
passed his examination; and on the 15th July, 1806, after 
acting as lieutenant of two line-of-battle ships (the Polyphe- 
mus and Illustrious) was promoted from the Hibernia 1 10, 
bearing the flag of Earl St. Vincent, into the Donegal 74, 
Captain Pulteney Malcolm, under whom we find him serving 
for a period of four years. From documents before us, it ap- 
pears that he was beach-master at the debarkation of the ar- 
mies under Sir Arthur Wellesley (in Mondego bay) and Sir 
John Moore (at the back of Vimiera) in 1808 ; that on the 
former occasion, he superintended the landing of the artillery 
and ordnance stores ; and that, on the latter, he saved four 
soldiers from a watery grave, at the hazard of his own life. 
He also commanded the larboard division of boats, sent from 
the fleet under Lord Gambler, to protect the fire-vessels in 
Aix roacls, on the memorable night of April 1 1 th, 1809. 

Lieutenant Askey's subsequent appointments were, in 1810, 
to the command of the hired cutter Active, on the Downs sta- 
tion, and Charger mortar brig, employed in the defence 
of Cadiz, where he continued until the raising of the siege. 
He obtained the rank of commander on the 15th June, 1814; 



250 COMMANDERS. 

and received the following testimonial from his first patron, 
Sir Joseph S. Yorke, in Dec. 1823 : 

" My dear Sir, I received your letter of the J8th ultimo, in which you 
state your intention to apply for employment, and request such testimony 
of your conduct, whilst under my command, as may strengthen the claims 
you have to the attention of the Board of Admiralty. 

" It appears by a record that I have, that you began your naval life with 
me, when I commanded the Rattlesnake, fitting at Chatham, in Mar. 
1791 ; and I well remember that, though a boy, you exerted yourself to 
rig the ship when hands were very scarce, and thereby acquired consider- 
able claim to my regard and attention, for such active and smart conduct 
in so mere a youth. 

" You followed me, at the commencement of the war, 1 793, into the 
Circe ; and afterwards into the Stag, Jason, and Canada ; when I pro- 
moted you, for your excellent and faithful conduct, through the different 
grades of the profession, viz. captain of a top, qnarter-m aster, gunner's- 
inate, and captain's-coxswain ; in which capacity you proved yourself 
highly worthy of confidence, more particularly during the great mutiny of 
the fleet. After the truce of Amiens, you embarked with me in the Prince 
George, as master's-mate, and by your continued good conduct, promoted 
yourself, I may say, to the rank of lieutenant, and from that to commander, 
as your other testimonials you allude to, by Sir Arthur Legge and Sir Pul- 
teney Malcolm, will abundantly testify. Indeed, I may say, there are few 
men who, by a regular line of good, strait-forward, sober, and honest con- 
duct, have, with so little interest, done so much for themselves ; and I can 
safely assure you, nothing would give me more gratification, than to learn 
that my Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty were disposed to listen to 
your wishes for employment. 

" With every sentiment of good will towards you, believe me very faith- 
fully yours, 

(Signed) " J. S. YORKE, Vice-Admiral." 

Commander Askey died at Bruges, in Flanders, Oct. 31st, 
1824. 



JOHN HILTON, ESQ. 

Knight of the Royal Sicilian Order of St. Ferdinand and of Merit. 

THIS officer obtained a lieutenant's commission in Aug. 
1806 j and served as first of the Bustard sloop, Captain John 
Duff Markland, employed in the Gulf of Venice, and on the 
coast of Calabria, in 1809 and 1810. On the 4th July, in 



r 



COMMANDERS. 251 

the latter year, he received four wounds, while attempting to 
burn an armed felucca, under Cape del Arme. On the" 12th 
Oct. 1811, he obtained the royal authority to accept and wear 
the insignia of K. F. M. which His Sicilian Majesty had 
been pleased to confer upon him, ft as a testimony of his 
royal approbation 'of the great courage and intrepidity dis- 
played by him in various actions with the enemy's vessels near 
Messina." About the same period, he was appointed to the 
Ganymede 26, Captain John Brett Purvis; and at the close 
of the Avar, we find liim in the Minstrel 20, Captain Robert 
Mitford, on the Mediterranean station. H is promotion to the 
rank of commander took place on the loth June, 1814. 



THOMAS DICKINSON (ft), ESQ. 

OBTAINED his first commission in Aug. 1806 ; and was se- 
verely wounded while serving as senior lieutenant of the An- 
dromache frigate, Captain George Tobin, at the capture of 
la Trave, French 44, in Oct. 1813*. The estimation in 
which he was held by his gallant captain, was thus expressed 
in that ofiicer's official letter, but never reached publicity : 

" The zeal and professional talents of Mr. Dickinson I have long known, 
and endeavoured to appreciate; and on all occasions have sought his clear 
and comprehensive counsel ; nor is it possible that I can ever cease to che- 
rish a remembrance of it with the warmest gratitude." 

And in a private letter to Viscount Melville, after stating 
the sufferings of Lieutenant Dickinson^ Captain Tobin ob- 
serves : 

" Our affair with la Trave (the account of which I endeavoured to give 
as succinctly, and with as much humility as possible) will doubtless soon 
pass by. If I was at all prolix, it was in praising those to whom I shall 
ever be indebted, which, of all others, is the highest gratification a com- 
mander can feel ; and in a warfare like the present, where the foe in gene- 
ral remain secure in port, too many opportunities do not offer for our 
bestowing it. 



* See Vol. II. Part II. p. 634. 



252 



COMMANDERS. 



"Lieutenant Dickinson is an officer of great zeal, and very superior pro- 
fessional attainmentH. He was first lieutenant (alas ! my Lord, he is now 
nothing) of the Andromache, when opposed to an enemy, fully equal to 
her in metal, and superior in men. True, my Lord, la Trave was under 
jury-masts, nor was the contest long (though a well-directed fire of nearly 
half an hour, from her stern guns, I barely noticed) ; yet, if short, it was 
by the prompt and steady conduct of the officers and crew I had the happi- 
ness to command, and particularly that of Lieutenant Dickinson, who, by 
an admirable precision in working the ship, anticipated my every wish." 

Although thus highly recommended, Mr. Dickinson was 
not promoted until June 15th, 1814. In the course of the 
same year, he obtained a pension for his wounds, the present 
amount of which is 150 per annum. In 1825, the Society 
of Arts presented him with the Gold Vulcan Medal, for his 
mode of applying percussion powder to the discharge of ships' 
guns. And on the 25th June, 1829, he was appointed to the 
command of the Lightning sloop, fitting out at Plymouth for 
the South American station. 

The Lightning was at Rio Janeiro refitting, after a trip to 
the Pacific, when the intelligence of the loss of the Thetis 
frigate, on Cape Frio, on the night of Dec. 5th, 1830, arrived *. 
Every thing on board that ill-fated ship, including 800,000 
dollars, was supposed to be irrecoverable : but Commander 
Dickinson was not of that opinion, and thought that, at least 
some of the treasure might be saved. He accordingly offered 
his services to Rear-Admiral Thomas Baker, the commander- 
in-chief, and obtained permission to carry his plans for this 
purpose into effect. For the following sketch of his operations 
we are indebted to the Nautical Magazine : 

" The first thing to be provided was a diving-bell, for which two iron 
tanks were supplied from H. M. S. Warspite. Iron tanks are used in 
H. M. navy instead of casks, for the purpose of containing water, and are 
about five feet cube, which allows of their holding about two tons. The plan 
proposed to be adopted by Commander Dickinson was communicated to 
Mr. Moore, an Englishman of acknowledged skill and experience as a civil 
engineer, residing at Rio, who so far approved of it, as to engage his own 
services towards carrying it into execution, in return for which he was to 
receive payment in proportion to the amount of property recovered. Dur- 



* See Vol. III. Part II. p. 163. 



COMMANDERS. 253 

ing the time that these preparations were going forward at Rio, the 
Algerine sloop, (acting Commander William Henry Martin,) and the 
Adelaide schooner, with the Warspite's launch, were at Cape Frio, and 
saved a few stores, which had been washed on the rocks by the 
surf. 

" Underthe auspices of Mr. Moore, the diving-bell was shortly completed 
by the armourers of the ships at Rio, and an air-pump, which had been 
nothing more than a fire-engine, was got ready, and provided with a hose, 
constructed with much care, from those belonging to Commander Trus- 
cott's forcing-pump. The property of these hoses is that of being air- 
tight; but they were rendered more secure by the application of tar and 
canvass, and fortified against outer accident by spun-yarn, passed carefully 
round them. The diving-bell being ready, the first experiment was made 
with it in the harbour of Rio, when it was let down to a depth of 7 
fathoms from H. M. S. Warspite, and found to answer perfectly well. 

" Commander Dickinson now proceeded in the Lightning, with the 
diving-bell and air-pump, besides a collection of hawsers and anchors, to 
Cape Frio, the scene of operation. A net was also prepared, to be spread 
across the entrance of the cove in which the Thetis lay, to prevent any 
part of her wreck from being washed out to sea. On arriving at Cape Frio, 
Commander Dickinson, accompanied by acting Commander Mart'ia, pro- 
ceeded to examine the shore of the cove, and determine the plan to be pur- 
sued for suspending the diving-bell. The coast, as might have been 
expected, proved of that rocky description, which rendered the task still 
more difficult. 

" To obtain a point of suspension for the diving-bell was now the chief 
concern. The general height of the land is about two hundred feet ; and 
CommanderDickinson imagine'!, that he could stretch cables across the cove 
from one height to the other; but the immense span which this required 
rendered it apparently impossible, and he determined on employing a der- 
rick. To construct this machine, every piece of wood that could be found 
on board the ships was put in requisition, the land affording none that was 
available ; and the work proceeded under the direction of Mr. Batt, car- 
penter of the Warspite. 

" On the 2d Feb. 1831, Colonel Gasque, a Spanish officer of the Bra- 
zilian service, arrived at Cape Frio, with seven natives of the country, 
who were reported to be expert divers. These people, however, did no 
good whatever, neither did the gallant colonel j and, after failing in all 
their attempts, they returned to Rio. 

" While the derrick was in progress, Mr. Jones, carpenter of the Light- 
ning, was employed with a party in preparing a capstan and bollards, 
besides various fastenings, which would be required for its management. 
Mr. Moore was equally busy in preparing a clean even space on the sum- 
mit of the rocks in the interior of the cove, for the main purchases, and 



254 COMMANDERS. 

iii fixing iron bolts in various parts of the cliff, for the ends of guys for 
the derrick. 

" Hitherto the officers and men had lived entirely on the island forming 
the cape, in tents constructed of old sails and pieces of canvass. These 
were but a sorry protection against the sand, which was continually 
blown about in such quantities as to make its way into every thing they 
had ; but the greatest annoyance was that of finding it among their pro- 
visions, from which it was utterly impossible to exclude it. After en- 
during this for a long time the season changed, the wind became variable, 
and was accompanied by rain. The change, therefore, was for the 
worse ; for the frail habitations which had been created, were even less 
calculated to withstand the effects of the storm, and consequently they 
admitted the rain in nearly every part. Great inconvenience arose from 
wet beds and clothes, which produced ill effects on the health of the 
party ; and although endeavours were made to improve the tents with the 
resources which the island afforded, still little was done in this particu- 
lar. 

" During the time that all these preparations were going forward, Cap- 
tain Dickinson attempted to work the diving-bell from the launches which 
he had brought from Rio ; but it was found too heavy for either of them. 
Determined, however, that no time should be lost, he directed a smaller 
one to be made, and the launch of the Warspite was selected and prepared 
for working it. At the same time, parties of men were engaged in creep- 
ing up whatever could be got from the wreck by means of ropes. On the 
2d March, the small diving-bell was completed, and a trial made with it 
in the cove, that proved satisfactory ; but in consequence of bad weather, 
and some further alterations that were necessary in the boat which was 
to work it, nothing was done with it until the 7th March. On this day, 
the boat was secured with it over the wreck, and the bell sent down with 
Richard Heans, carpenterVmate of the Lightning, and George Dewar, a 
seaman. The bell had not been down long, when the wind freshened, and 
occasioned so much violent motion to the launch and the hoses, that they 
became leaky, and it was found necessary to heave it up again, and secure 
the boat. Whenever the weather permitted, the small bell was constantly 
in operation, and on the 10th March, by the violence of the sea, was 
dashed against the rocks at the bottom of the cove. This accident had 
nearly proved fatal to the two men, Heans and Dewar, who extricated 
themselves from it as it was thrown on its side, and with difficulty reached 
the surface of the water. The latter was nearly exhausted when he came 
up, and was snatched into the boat instantly by Commander Dickinson, by 
which his life was saved. 

" A delay of three days was occasioned by this accident, at the end of 
which time the bell was again ready for working, and was employed as 
before. The effect of the operations in the small bell now showed itself, 
as several pieces of the wreck, which had been detached from the rest, 



I 



COMMANDERS. 255 

were seen floating about in the cove. Among these were a great many 
of the vessel's timbers, a part of the stern-post; and, a large mass of her 
bottom being discovered, the position of it was marked for examination by 
buoys. The same method of marking the position of different parts of the 
wreck was also adopted, and the buoys were regularly numbered ; a mea- 
sure which contributed much towards the order and regularity of the 
proceedings. 

" In the course of the operations with the small bell, on the 19th 
March, the chain-cable was discovered, and attempts were made to raise 
it, without effect, from its being so much buried among other parts of the 
wreck. 

" At this stage of the proceedings, the length determined on for the 
derrick was found to be too little by thirty feet, which must have arisen 
either from a mistake in the measurement of the distance which the wreck 
was from the rocks, where the derrick was intended to be stepped, or from 
the position of the wreck having changed. The original length of the 
derrick was ordered to be 120 feet; but the distance of the wreck from 
the rocks being as much as 150 feet, it became necessary to lengthen the 
derrick to at least 158 feet, to give it a sufficient inclination. This pro- 
duced a further delay ; but the time was not lost; for while it was in pro- 
gress, the Lightning's three anchors and her capstan, besides three crabs, 
were fixed on the principal cliff, for the topping-lifts of the derrick. In 
addition to these, other crabs were placed on various parts of the cliffs, 
for receiving guys to steady it. The small diving-bell was also kept at 
work, in loosening and clearing away as much as possible the lesser pieces 
of the wreck. This service was attended with much clanger, from the 
constant south-easterly gales, which produced so much swell, that the bell 
was frequently dashed against the rocks, to the great risk of its being 
broken, as well as endangering the hoses of the air-pump. 

" About two months had now elapsed, and nothing in the shape of 
treasure had been recovered, although the utmost exertions had been made 
that the small diving-bell would permit ; and it was generally thought that 
it had been washed out to sea, as the net, which had been placed across 
the mouth of the cove at the commencement of the operations, had been 
quickly carried away by the violence of the waves. With this prevailing 
opinion, if was determined to save those parts of the stores, the position of 
which had been marked by buoys ; when, on the 1st April, the persons at 
ork in the small bell discovered some dollars among the rocks at the 
ottom ; and these having been collected, led to the discovery of more, 
esides a quantity of gold. This was sufficient encouragement to hope 
;hat more was there ; but so completely was it buried among the rocks at 
the bottom, that it was difficult to distinguish it, and a torch was employed 
n the bell ; which, however, after a short time, was found not to answer, 
a the midst of this success, the launch was nearly lost, owing to a sudden 
liift of wind, which produced so much swell, that it became necessary to 
u:ave up the bell, and leave the cove as soon as possible. On the 5th 



256 COMMANDERS. 

April, the operations having been resumed, some more treasure was re- 
covered in the small hell. 

"The derrick was now nearly completed, the men having heen employed 
in preparing the fittings for it when they were unable to work the small 
bell, and all hands were now occupied in reeving the purchase falls, and 
getting the chains and hawsers into their places on the cliffs of the cove. 
This was a work of more than ordinary danger, in consequence of pieces 
of rock being displaced from the sides of the cliffs, and falling among 
those employed below ; and the danger was still further increased, from 
the rugged nature of the rocks allowing of no escape. Men were to be 
seen slung in ropes on all sides of the cove, busy in fixing the guys, &c. 
for the derrick, which happily was effected without any accident, from the 
judicious arrangements that had been made. 

" The small diving-bell still continued at work, and on the 8th April, 
the men in it found themselves in the midst of a large quantity of provi- 
sions, the stench of which was so great, that the life of one man was en- 
dangered by it, and he was immediately removed from the bell. On the 
following day, the derrick being completed, it was launched into the har- 
bour, and towed round to the cove. Being put into its place, and every 
thing prepared for heaving it up, this business was commenced ; but the 
swell from the sea, which set into the cove, was so great, that it could not 
be done ; and it therefore became necessary to tow it back again for safety 
to the harbour. The operation of towing so large and unwieldy a spar 
through a boisterous sea was most laborious, and the party employed un- 
derwent great bodily fatigue in performing it. On the 10th April, another 
attempt was made to get the derrick into its place, which was more for- 
tunate than the preceding. After being again towed round, and placed in 
its step, the outer end of the derrick was hove up ten feet above the surface 
of the water, and secured. The next day, attempts were made to raise the 
outer end of the derrick higher by means of the purchases ; but in conse- 
quence of its extreme length, and the number of pieces of wood with 
which it was constructed, it betrayed weakness, and more topping-lifts 
were found necessary for its support. These were speedily complet 
and the end of the derrick was at length hove up 55 feet from the surface 
of the water, at a sufficient angle to secure its stability. A very short 
time after this, the wind freshened and produced a swell, which would have 
put a stop to the operations ; but the derrick was now secure. The sea- 
men had undergone greater labour and privation in these three days than 
at any other period of the operations ; and such was the importance of 
making the most of the few days of fine weather, that they had worked 
throughout the two last .from 4-30 A. M. until late at night, without taking 
any refreshment. To them and their able commander it was a joyful 
sight to see the derrick in its place ; and, having made every thing secure, 
they returned to the harbour prepared to resume their arduous duty on 
the following morning. 

" The next step was to suspend the large diving-bell in a manner that 



If 



COMMANDERS. 25/ 

would allow of its being lowered into the sea and raised again, according as 
circumstances might require. Preparations for this were accordingly made, 
while, at the same time, the small diving-bell was kept at work as usual 
from the launch, which on more than one occasion was nearly lost, by 
being exposed to the roughness of the sea, produced by the sudden shifting 
of the wind. In the course of these proceedings with the small bell, consi- 
derable progress was made in clearing away such of the loose pieces of 
rock among which the fragments of the ship were buried, as its limited 
size would allow, and quantities of dollars were occasionally recovered. 

" The arrangements for working the large diving-bell were completed 
by the 6th of May, previous to which time Commander Dickinson had 
obtained a reinforcement of his party from the Warspite, at Rio. The 
various fastenings of the derrick were completed, the stage for the air- 
pump was ready, and the large diving-bell was taken out of the harbour, 
and suspended from the derrick. Nothing, however, could be done with 
it on this day, in consequence of the rough state of the sea in the cove ; 
and it was not before the 1 1th May that the first descent to the wreck 
was made with it. On this occasion it was found to answer every expec- 
tation, and it continued in operation with success. Large masses of rock, 
beneath which pieces of the wreck lay buried, were removed, and many 
dollars, besides some stores, were saved. 

" On the 13th May, H. M. S. Eden, commanded by Cupt. W. F. W. 
Owen, arrived at CapeFrio on her way to England; and by her, Comtnan 
der Dickinson had the satisfaction of sending home 123,995 dollars. 

" The launch belonging to the Warspite had hitherto been kept at 
work, whenever it was possible, with the small diving-bell; but that ship 
requiring her boat, she left the Cove for Rio Janeiro on the 16th May, 
with all her crew. The small bell, however, was not to remain unemployed 
at such a momentous period, and a Brazilian boat was ordered to be substi- 
tuted immediately for that of the Warspite. 

" On a retrospect of the whole proceedings, from their commencement 
to the time that the first shipment of treasure was made in the Eden, 
mid on contemplating the numerous dangers to which the party employed 
in this hazardous service were continually exposed, it is a matter of 
surprise that some fatal accident had not yet occurred. 

" On the 18th May, a gale of wind came on from the south-west, which 
the following day had increased so much that apprehensions were enter- 
itained of the whole proceedings being stopped for some time. An 
| inspection of the plan * will shew the exposed situation of the cove ; 
ind it may easily be imagined that the smallest breeze would produce a 
commotion in the surface of the water; but when this increased to a 

By Lieutenant Augustus Henry Kellett, of the Eden. It exhibits the 
ocalities of Cape Frio, and the various points where the Thetis struck 
afore she finally drifted into the cove, to which, with her remains 
he has left her name. See Naut. Mag. for April, 1832. 
VOL. IV. PART f. S 



258 COMMANDERS. 

Rale, the violence of the waves must there be truly awful. Such it was 
on the 19th May. The \vaves in the cove rose half way up the over- 
hanging cliffs, to a height of nearly 100 feet, and caused mutrh anxiety 
in the minds of Commander Dickinson and his party, for the safety of 
the derrick. This ohject of their solicitude, the completion of which had 
cost so many days of laborious exertion, betrayed its inability to with- 
stand much longer the repeated shocks of the waves, and in the course 
of the morning the contents of the stage were washed away. At 10 A. M. 
a tremendous wave broke the derrick in two pieces, about twenty feet 
from the step : soon afterwards it separated into five different fragments ; 
and thus perished this enormous machine, with the assistance of which 
not more than 50,000 dollars had been saved. 

*' Discouraging as this misfortune must have been, the first concern, as 
a. matter of course, was to repair it ; and the former plan, of stretching a 
cable across the cove, from the summits of the opposite cliffs, was 
determined on. While the preparations for this substitute for the derrick 
were going forward, the Brazilian boat, being ready to work the small bell, 
was taken to the cove, and search was made for the air-pump, which had 
been washed off the stage. In the course of this search, an accident hap- 
pened to the hose of the small bell, which obliged George Dewar again to 
make his escape from beneath it, and to swim to the surface, by which he 
received considerable injury from the rocks, and was taken up in a very 
exhausted condition. The air-pump and the large diving-bell were re- 
covered on the following day ; but the latter had received so much injury 
that it could not be used, and another was directed to be prepared in its 
stead, while the small bell continued at work with some success. 

" Another reverse of fortune happened on the 30th May, by a sudden 
change in the weather, which, during the morning, had been fine, and had 
allowed of the bell being worked. This no sooner took place, than the 
operations were stopped, and the boats were compelled to make their 
way out of the cove without loss of time. The boat containing the small 
bell was taken in tow by the others ; but such was the violence of the wind 
and waves, that having gained the outside of the cove with great toil and 
difficulty, to proceed further was found to be impossible. In this dilemma, 
prompt measures were required. Commander Dickinson, therefore, di- 
rected the boat to be takeu back to the cove, and anchored without loss of 
time : this being done, the bell was to be lowered into the water, and tl 
boat's crew to be landed in the safest part of the cove. Apprehensive 
losing the air-pump, Commander Dickinson took it into his own boat, ar 
immediately made for the harbour. It was not without the greatest difi 
culty he succeeded in reaching it, the small dimensions of the boat, ac 
the additional weight of the air-pump, rendering her unequal to encount 
the boisterous sea. Every person in her, with the exception of two wl 
continued rowing, were constantly employed in baling out the water, an 
when they at length gained the harbour, the whole were nearly exhaust 



COMMANDERS. 259 

"The small diving-bell, on this occasion, had been left at the bottom of 
the cove to the mercy of the waves ; but the alternative of endeavouring to 
bring it away would, in all probability, have cost the lives of the whole par- 
ty. In- this gale, all the buoys, that had served as marks for the different 
situations of the wreck, were washed away ; and with the condition of 
the launch, and the small bell, the general aspect of affairs was any thing 
but encouraging; nor was it improved when the small bell was recovered, 
for this was found to be in so shattered a condition from the blows which, 
it had received by the rocks, that it was of no use. The operations in 
the cove were now totally suspended : the derrick had been destroyed, the 
two diving-bells were unserviceable, and all the buoys had disappeared. 
Commander Dickinson, however, had his resources at hand; the same 
persons who had constructed the diving-bells could make others ; and no 
sooner was the small bell discovered to be broken, than orders were given 
to replace it with another. In the space of six days this was accomplish- 
ed, under the able superintendence of Mr. Jones ; indeed, the spirited 
exertions of every one employed in this arduous service, proved that they 
were actuated by the same zeal, and shared in the same anxiety for the 
attainment of their object, which, from the commencement, had influenced 
their gallant commander. On a duty of this nature, a saving of time was 
frequently of the greatest importance ; and on these occasions, regularity 
in meals and rest were lost sight of ; all danger was disregarded, each 
difficulty was overcome, and every privation was willingly endured. 

" An accident occurred on the 10th June, which threw a temporary 
gloom over the whole party. Mr. Moore, the engineer, with Mr. Linzee, 
mate of the Adelaide tender, and a seaman, were unhappily drowned by 
the sinking of a boat. 

"While the large bell was constructing, the small one, having been 
completed, was again worked with considerable success ; and another 
quantity of dollars, amounting to 126,500, forwarded to England by 
H. M. packet Calypso. This vessel sailed from Cape Frio on the 21st 
June ; and on the 30th another large quantity of treasure was found beneath 
a rock, which, with much difficulty, had been removed. One of the 
Lightning's hempen bower cables was secured across the cove, as a suspen- 
sion cable for the large bell, which was first used on the 9th October ; 
after which, the operations seem to have proceeded very successfully. 
Considerable difficulty, however, was found in keeping the iron bolts 
properly secured in the rocks, for the various fastenings. This arose 
from the nature of the rock, which, after the bolts had been sunk firmly in 
it with much trouble, on being exposed a few days to the action of the at- 
mosphere, split into small fragments. Thus the bolts were repeatedly 
loosened, and delay was occasioned by replacing them." 

The total amount of specie recovered by Commander Dick- 
inson and his party was about 600,000 dollars ; rather more 

s 2 



260 



COMMANDERS. 



than two-thirds of the whole treasure so unfortunately en- 
gulphed. They also succeeded in recovering the anchors, 
chain-cable, and some of the guns of the ill-fated Thetis. 

"Sufficient has now been stated to inform the reader of the 
manner in which so much valuable property has been saved, 
of the great personal danger to which the officers and men 
employed \vere continually exposed, and of the skill and 
determined perseverance displayed by Commander Dickinson 
throughout this hazardous and difficult service. Such a ser- 
vice, among the occupations of peace, ranks equally high with 
the brightest achievement of war: if the latter has shed lustre 
on the naval profession, the former reflects equal honor on 
those by whom it was accomplished, and adds no less to the 
character for enterprise which distinguishes the British sea- 
man."* 

The Lightning returned home in Aug. 1832; and was paid 
off", at Portsmouth, on the 13th of the following month. Pre- 
vious to her being put out of commission, the ship's company 
requested permission to present a sword and pair of epau- 
lettes to their commander, " in token of gratitude for his 
unceasing care, during their dangerous and laborious exer- 
tions at Cape Frio, by which their lives were preserved ;" but 
he, disapproving of the principle of inferiors expressing a public 
opinion of their superiors, declined the acceptance of them. 
Subsequently, some malicious persons having aspersed the 
character of the crew, by writing an anonymous letter to 
Admiral Sir Thomas Foley, wherein it was set forth that 
they were discontented in their ship, they renewed their ap- 
plication, on the ground of shewing "that not a man amongst 
them felt otherwise than satisfied and happy, and that they 
had the highest respect for their commander and officers." 
Commander Dickinson was then induced to consult an officer 
of high rank, as well as some of his brother officers, and 
under these peculiar circumstances accepted them. They 
also presented to the first lieutenant (Thomas G. Forbes), 
master (Charles Pope), and mate (M. D. Blennerhasset), 



* Naut. Mag. vol. i. p. 73. 



COMMANDERS. 26l 

a very handsome ring each. When paid off, such was the 
orderly conduct and good state of the crew, that the Admiral 
Superintendent, Sir Frederick L. Maitland, was pleased to 
compliment Commander Dickinson on the occasion. 



WILLIAM RICHARDS, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in Sept. 1806 ; and commander on 
the 5th of June, 1814. He married, in 1819, Miss Sarah 
Constable, of Northampton. 



WILLIAM HAMLEY, ESQ. 

Knight of the Imperial Order of Leopold of Austria. 

THIS officer is the second son of the late William Hamley^ 
of Bodmin, co. Cornwall, Esq. by Sarah, daughter of John 
Pomeroy, Esq.; and lineally descended from Osbertus, 
youngest grandson of Sir John Hamley, Knt. who, in the 
twelfth of Edw. III. was chosen high sheriff of Cornwall, and 
subsequently elected a member of parliament for the same 
county. His great ancestor, Espire Hamley, represented the 
borough of Bodmin in 1308. 

MR. WILLIAM HAMLEY, junior, was born at Bodmin, in 
July, 1786"; and appears to have entered the royal navy, in 
1799, as midshipman on board the Pomone frigate. Captain 
R. Carthew Reynolds ; under whom he also served in the 
Orion 74, previous to the peace of Amiens. We subsequently 
find him joining the Hercule 74, flag-ship on the Jamaica 
station, where he had the honor of acting as aid-de-camp 
to Sir John T. Duckworth, and his successor in the chief 
command, the late Vice-Admiral Dacres, (residing with them 
at the " Pen") until promoted by the latter officer to the rank 
of lieutenant, in Jan. 1807- 

During the remainder of the war, Mr. Hamley served 
under Captain the Hon. George Cadogan (now Lord Oakley), 
in the Crocodile, Pallas, and Havannah, frigates. The former 
ship conveyed Sir Arthur Wellesley to Portugal, in 1808; the 
Pallas was most actively employed during the Walcheren 



262 COMM.iNDEttS. 

expedition ; the nature of the services performed by the 
officers and crew of the Havannah are shown in official letters, 
of which the following are copies : 

H. M. S. Havannah, at Sea, Sept. 7, 1812. 

" Sir, Some of the enemy's coasting vessels having taken shelter 
under a battery of three 12-pounders, on the S. W. side of the Penmarks, 
I yesterday morning sent my firet lieutenant (William Hamley), with the 
boats of this ship, to spike the guns, and bring the vessels out or destroy 
them ; which service he performed without the loss of a man, in a manner 
that does great credit to himself, as well as att the officers and men 
employed on the occasion. I have the honor to be, &c. 

(Signed) " GEORGE CADOGAN." 

" To. Rear- Admiral Sir Harry Neale, Bart." 

The vessels taken on this occasion consisted of one schooner 
and five chasse-mare'es, principally laden with wine and 
brandy. On the 20th of the same month, Admiral Sir 
Charles Cotton, then commander-in-chief of the Channel 
fleet, informed Captain Cadogan that the Lords of the Admi- 
ralty highly approved of his judgment in directing the attack 
to be made, and of the zeal and good conduct displayed 
by Lieutenant Hamley, &c. 

" H. M. S. Havannah, Adriatic, Jan. 10th, 1813. 

"Sir, In reporting the capture of the enemy's gun-boat No. 8_, of one 
long 24-pounder and 35 men, commanded by MODS. J. Floreus, enseigne 
de vaisseau, I must beg leave to call your attention to the great skill and 
gallantry with which this service was executed by the first lieutenant, 
(William Haraley), who, with only a division of this ship's boats, at two 
o'clock in the afternoon of the 6th instant, attacked and carried the above 
vessel, far superior to them in force, prepared in every respect, and 
supported by musketry from the shore, where she was made dEast ; our 
boats not having any expectation of meeting any armed vessel, till upon 
opening the creek where she lay, they were fired upon, and desired by the 
troops on shore to surrender. I have to lament the loss of a very fine 
young man, Mr. Edward Percival, master's-mate, killed, and two seamen 
wounded. Three merchant vessels were also taken. I have the honour to 
be, &c. (Signed) GEO. CABOGAK." 

" To Captain C. Rowley, H. M. S. Eagle." 

On the 7th of the following month, the boats and marines 
of the Havannah, under the command of Lieutenant Hamley, 
captured and destroyed four Franco-Venetian gun-vessels, 
twenty-one transports laden with ordnance stores, and 



COMMANDERS. 263 

seven gun battery, on the coast of Manfredonia. This service 
was performed without the loss of a man ; and is thus noticed 
by Captain Cadogan, in a letter addressed to the Admiralty : 

" I have detailed to Charles Rowley, Esq., captain of H. M. ship 
Eagle, the circumstances of an affair, in which the boats of this ship, under 
the command of my first lieutenant (William Hamley), had, in my opinion 
particularly distinguished themselves." 

And, in continuation, Captain Cadogan says : 

"It is not a month ago, that this officer, in a manner that commanded 
my admiration, captured an enemy's gun-vessel and convoy, of far superior 
force, under the most disadvantageous circumstances on his side ; and when 
1 add an achievement of a similar nature performed by him upon a battery 
on the coast of France, all within the space of eighteen months, their 
lordships will not, I trust, be surprised at my submitting his services 
to their consideration, in hopes that they may establish his claim to the 
reward every officer aspires to, promotion. If any testimony of mine 
can strengthen his pretensions in their lordships' minds, he is justly 
entitled thereto; his conduct during near six years' servitude with me, 
as lieutenant, having fully entitled him to my entire approbation, as 
an able, spirited, and excellent officer." 

(Signed) "Ceo. CADOGAN." 

" H. M. S. Havannah, ofOrtona, March 27tfi, 1813. 

*' Sir, J have the honor to inform you, that, in executing your orders 
of the 10th instant, the boats of this ship have been twice successfully em- 
ployed against the enemy's trade; once on the morning of the 22d inst. 
in the capture of a large trabacolo of three 9-pounders and small arms, and 
the destruction by fire of a similar vessel, laden with oil, under the town of 
Vasto ; and again yesterday morning, in the capture of five armed traba- 
colos, and -five feluccas laden with salt, near the town of Fortore. In both 
instances, ihe vessels being hauled aground, completely dismantled, and 
under the protection of a strong body of military on the bead), besides the 
guns of the latter vessels, which had been landed, I ordered my boats to 
land wide of the spot, and force their position ; this was immediately 
effected (under a strong opposition) by Lieutenant Hamley, first of this ship; 
and the marines, under Lieutenant William Hockley, were very judiciously 
posted, whilst the vessels were equipped and got afloat by the exertions of 
the officers and men, with a celerity that reflects the highest credit on their 
characters. At Vasto, the French officer who headed the troops was killed. 
At Fortore, the enemy left one man slain. I am happy to say, we have 
only two men very slightly wounded. I have the honor to be, &c. 

(Signed) " GEO. CADOGAN." 

" To Rear-admiral Fremanlle," 



64 COMMANDERS. 

" //. M. S. Havannah, at sea, June 29M, 1813. 

" Sir, I have the honor to report the capture of an armed convoy of 
the enemy's, consisting of ten sail (laden with oil) under the town of Vasto, 
on the morning of the 27th instant, by the boats of this ship, commanded 
by my first lieutenant, William Hamley. 

" The enemy being apprised of our approach the preceding day, had as- 
sembled in force, and taken every possible precaution to prevent our getting 
their vessels off; but having landed to the right, and forced them from 
their guns, eight in number, we remained masters of the spot the whole 
day, until the vessels were rigged and got afloat. This little service has 
been performed with the spirit ever manifest in Lieutenant Hainley, my 
officers, aud ship's company generally; and with only three men slightly 
wounded, while the enemy acknowledged six killed aud seven wounded. I 
have the honor to be, &c. 

(Signed) " GEO. CADOGAN." 

" To Rear-Admiral Fremantle." 

On this occasion, Lieutenant Hamley was most gallantly 
supported by the present Captain George Gosling. 

On the morning of the 18th July, 1813, the Havannah, 
with the Partridge sloop in company, captured and destroyed 
two Neapolitan gun-boats, each mounting a long 18-pounder; 
one pinnace, armed with a 6- pounder ; and four trabacolos 
laden with salt, each mounting three guns ; lying under a 
martello tower, on the N. W. coast of Manfredonia. For 
these and other services, in the Adriatic, Lieutenant Hamley 
was presented with an Austrian gold medal. 

Since the publication of our memoir of Captain Cadogan's 
services, we have been favoured with the following authentic 
account of the siege of Zara ; by the reduction of which im- 
portant fortress the allies obtained complete possession of 
Dalmatia. 

" At the time Rear- Admiral Fremantle, with all his squadron, was at- 
tacking. Trieste,* the Havannah and Weazle (sloop) were sent to blockade 
Zara, for the purpose of preventing supplies from being thrown into that 
fortress. On their arrival off Zara, however, they found that the place 
contained an abundance of provisions and stores of every description ; and 
that, consequently, it would have been a work of some time to starve the 
enemy out. Captain Cadogan, therefore, determined upon attacking it. 

" Zara is a regular and very strong fortification. It had no less than 
HO pieces of brass cannon, 7 large mortars, and 11 howitzers mounted ; 

* See Vol. III., Part I., p. 214. 



COMMANDERS. 265 

twelve or thirteen gun-boats were moored under the walls, each carrying a 
long 24-pounderJ and Jone 'smaller gun ; its garrison consisted of 2000 
veteran troops, commanded by Baron Hoise*, an experienced French 
general. 

" Preparations were soon made for landing seventeen of the Havannah'i 
guns, viz., eight long 18-pounders, seven long 12's, and two 32-pounder 
carronades ; a sledge was constructed on board for the purpose of trans- 
porting them from the beach to the spot chosen for the batteries, which 
was within a short distance of the enemy's works ; three mud batteries 
were thrown up, and the guns^ taken to them, with ammunition, shot, &c. 
The country was extremely bad for transporting cannon, with such means 
as we possessed : we had to drag them across swamps, ditches, &c., a dis- 
tance of three miles ; and were obliged to perform this service by night, to 
avoid being discovered. Every thing being ready, the command of the 
batteries was given to Lieutenant Hamley, whose whole force consisted 
of only sixty men : the officers under his orders were, Lieutenant Michael 
Quin, of the Weazle {'Lieutenant Hockley, R. M. ; and Messrs. Stewart 
and Hamilton, master's-mates of the Havannah. 

" On the 23d November, 1813, the union-jack was hoisted on each bat- 
tery, the mask thrown off, and our fire opened ; which was quickly re- 
turned by the enemy. Our works were much cut up at first, and we were 
obliged to be constantly filling up the breaches with sand-bags ; the gun- 
boats proving very mischievous, one long 18-pounder and the carronades 
were directed on them, and in half an hour not one remained afloat ; many 
of tl^ir crews, in attempting to get into the fortress, were killed by our 
fire. An incessant cannonade was kept up on both sides for thirteen days 
and nights, when at length, on the 6th December, the enemy sent out a 
flag of truce, and surrendered by capitulation. At this moment we had 
but one round of shot left. 

" During the siege it rained almost incessantly, and we were never once 
under shelter : frequently in the mornings the water was over the trucks of 
the guns. The only assistance we received was from two howitzers worked 
by Austrians. 

" After taking possession of the fortress, we weighed all the gun-boats. 
and loaded a large ship, in the harbour, with different military stores, in- 
tending to take the whole to Trieste; but, when under weigh with our prizes, 
an order arrived to give them up to the Austrian general ; and, although 
the value of the guns, stores, and vessels, was estimated at 300,000/. ster- 
ling, we have never yet received one farthing as compensation for our 
services." 

Captain Cadogan's detailed account of the operations 
against Zara, addressed to Rear-Admiral Fremantle, was 
never published, owing to the great length of time that 



266 COMMANDERS. 

elapsed before it reached England. It contains the following 
passage : 

" The batteries were commanded by Lieutenant Hamley, first of this 
ship, whose gallant conduct, and able direction of them, claim my warmest 
admiration, and add another to the three occasions I have already had to 
call your attention to his services, since I have had the honor to serve under 
your command." 

Previous to his quitting the Adriatic, Lieutenant Hamley 
received a very handsome letter from the Emperor of Austria. 
He returned home first lieutenant of the Milfqrd 74, and, on 
his arrival in England, found himself promoted to the rank 
of commander, by commission dated June 15th, 1814. In 
the following year, he obtained the royal licence and authority 
" to accept and wear the insignia of the order of Leopold, 
with which the emperor had been pleased to honor him, as a 
testimony of the high sense which bis Imperial Majesty en- 
tertained of the services rendered by him at the siege of 
Zara." 

In April, 1823, Commander Hamley was appointed to the 
Pelorus sloop, fitting out at Plymouth for the Irish station, 
where he continued upwards of three years. During this 
period he captured a greater number of smuggling vessels 
than any other cruiser. 

On the 30th October, 1823, while on a cruise off Cape 
Clear, in the morning a gale commenced, with thick drizzling 
rain j and at night had increased to a perfect storm, with a 
very heavy sea running. Every thing was inade snug, and 
the Pelorus hove-to under a storm-fore-staysail and trysail. 
At midnight, finding her behave remarkably well, Commander 
Hamley went below, and threw himself on his sofa, but had 
not been there many minutes before he heard a dreadful 
crash ; and on gaining the deck, found that a large ship, 
scudding under her foresa.il, had run on board, but was 
then out of sight. The weather was so thick that this 
ship had not been seen until close to the Pelorus ; and although 
every attempt was made by the officer of the watch and look- 
out men to apprize her of the situation of H.-M. sloop, it 
was without effect ; she struck her forward, carried $way the 



COMMANDERS. 267 

cutwater and bowsprit, passed on, and in a moment was out 
of sight. Every one on board thought the bows were stove 
in, and that the Pelorus would immediately go down ; but on 
sounding the well, it was found that she made no water. The 
foremast fell in board almost instantly afterwards, and the 
vessel was left a complete wreck, in as dreadful a night as any 
person ever witnessed. The bowsprit was hanging under 
the bows, by the bobstays, and thumping so hard that all 
were in momentary dread of its coming through the bottom. 
It was a case of such imminent peril, that Commander Ham- 
ley did not feel justified in ordering any one over the bows 
to attempt cutting the bowsprit away ; but the captain of the 
forecastle, Thomas Wilson, nobly volunteered his services, 
and after having been lowered down and pulled up, as the 
vessel rose and dipped, for a quarter of an hour, during 
which he was repeatedly under water, the fine fellow at length 
succeeded in cutting it away. The wreck of the foremast 
was then cleared, and as soon as the gale moderated, a jury- 
mast and bowsprit were rigged, and sail made for Plymouth. 
It is rather a singular circumstance, that, although the fore- 
mast fell in board, and such a heavy sea was running, not a 
man was hurt. Had the strange ship struck the Pelorus but 
a few inches further aft, she must inevitably have gone to the 
bottom : the whole of the bolts that secured the cutwater to 
the stem were clean drawn. 

The Pelorus was paid off, at Plymouth, in July, 1826. 
During the last two years that she remained in commission, 
Commander Hamley was the senior officer of his rank on 
the Irish station, where he seized, at various times, no less 
than sixty-two thousand weight of tobacco. All the others 
were promoted on paying off their sloops ; but he has not 
yet been able to obtain another step. In 1827, rhe received a 
letter from Captain Cadogan, of which the following is a 
copy: 

" My dear .Sir,- A I conceive a 'testimony ef this nature may, perhaps, 
give strength to the claims yoji are ah,out to liiy before H. R. H. the Lord 
High Admiral, I trust I need not say, with how much readiness and plea- 
sure I perform an office which might in any way contribute 4o4he advance- 



268 COMMANDERS. 

ment of an officer, of whose character and services, while under my com- 
mand, I shall ever entertain so high an opinion. I have read your memorial 
with attention, and can safely say, that that part of it which relates to your 
services, both in the Crocodile and the Havannah, are any thing but 
exaggerated ; and that you are amply entitled to any reward the services 
therein alluded to may be deemed to merit. I can only add, that you are 
welcome to make any use you please of this letter, and that, had I been 
sooner apprised of your situation and views, I would not have hesitated to 
have humbly called H. R. Highness's attention personally to your claims, 
in an audience with which I was honored but a few days since. With every 
wish for your welfare and success, I remain, my dear Sir, your's always 
faithfully, (Signed) " GEORGE CADOGAN." 

In the memorial alluded to by Captain Cadogan, we find 
the subject of this memoir informing the Lord High Admiral, 
that he commanded the boats of the Havannah in ten dif- 
ferent attacks on the enemy's batteries, gun-boats, and other 
armed vessels, in all of which he was successful ; that on 
these several occasions, 100 pieces of cannon, and above 100 
sail of vessels, were taken and destroyed ; that he had been 
gazetted six different times for service, and also that he had 
been wounded in action with the enemy. 

On the 10th of June, 1830, Commander Hamley was 
appointed to the Wolf 18, in which sloop he is now employed 
on the East India station. 

This officer married Barbara, eldest daughter of Charles 
Ogilvy, of Lerwick, Shetland, Esq. by whom he has several 
children. His youngest brother, Wymond Hamley, is a 
lieutenant in the royal navy. 






":; rf^i THOMAS BURY, ESQ. 

WAS made a Lieutenant on the 12th of Mar. 1807, and 
Commander, June 15th, 1814. He died at Rivoli, in Italy, 
in the spring of 1831. 



RICHARD MOORMAN, ESQ. 

Knight of the Royal Sicilian Order of St. Ferdinand and Merit. 
THIS officer was a midshipman on board the Donegal 74, 



COMMANDERS. 269 

Captain (now Sir Pulteney) Malcolm, in Sir John T. Duck- 
worth's action, near St. Domingo, Feb. 6th, 1806. He 
obtained the rank of lieutenant in April, 1807; and was 
wounded while serving as first of the Termagant sloop, 
Captain H. E. P. Sturt, employed in the defence of Sicily. 
On the 22nd July, 1812, he commanded the boats of that 
sloop, at the capture of the French privateer Intrepide, of 
three guns and forty men, near Malaga. On the 24th Feb. 
1813, a pension, since increased to 1501. per annum, was 
granted him for his wounds. On the 4th Mar. following, he 
received the royal license and permission to accept and wear 
the insignia of a K. F. M. (3rd class), which His Majesty 
Ferdinand IV. had been pleased to confer upon him, " as a 
testimony of the high sense entertained by the said King of 
the great courage and intrepidity displayed by him, in several 
attacks against the enemy, near Messina." On the 15th 
June, 1814, he was promoted to the rank of commander. 



HOOD KNIGHT, ESQ. 

SECOND son of the late Admiral Sir John Knight, K.C.B., 
and brother to the present Captain George W. H. Knight, 
K. N., inspector-general of the coast-guard. 

This officer was a midshipman of the Marlborough 74, 
Captain Thomas Sotheby, when that ship foundered in 
Quiberon bay, Nov. 4th or 5th, 1800*. He was made a 
lieutenant into the Comus 22, Captain Con way Shipley, 
May 27th, 1807 > an <l, after distinguishing himself on 
various occasions f, promoted to the rank of commander, 
June 15th, 1814. He married, July 30th, 1815, the only 
daughter of the late Admiral Keppel; and died at Paris, 
Oct. 31st, 1823. 



See Vol. I. Part. I. p. 323. 
f See Suppl., Part III. p. 2/9-282. 



COMMANDERS. 



ALEXANDER FRANCIS ELPHINSTONE, ESQ. 

ONLY son of the late Samuel William Elphinstone, Esq. a 
captain in the Russian navy, by Catherine, daughter of 
Admiral Kruse j and grandson of Captain John Elphinstone, 
R. N., Lieutenant-General, Vice- Admiral, and commander-in 
chief of the Russian fleet, in 1/69. 

This officer was made a lieutenant on the 9th June, 1807 
and promoted from the Caledonia 120 (bearing the flag of 
Lord Exmouth, on the Mediterranean station) to his present 
rank, June 15th, 1814. 



GEORGE PENRUDDOCKE, ESQ. 

OBTAINED the rank of lieutenant in July, 1807; and 
distinguished himself on many occasions, while serving as first 
of the Pilot sloop, Captain John Toup Nicolas, on the 
Mediterranean station* ; was appointed to the Fame 74, 
Captain Walter Bathurst, in June 1811 ; and promoted from 
that ship to the rank of commander, June 15th, 1814. 



FRANCIS DUVAL, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant into the Unite* frigate, Captain 
Patrick Campbell, on the Mediterranean station, Nov. 26th, 
180". Shortly afterwards, he was placed in charge of a 
prize, which, after encountering a series of bad weather^ 
foundered about twenty miles N. E. of Manopoli, in the 
Adriatic. Having reached that place in a small boat, he was 
made prisoner, sent to Naples, and there confined, for a con- 
siderable time, in the castle of Carmine. His promotion to 
the rank of commander took place June 15th, 1814 



* See Supp. Part. IV. p. 56, et seq. 



COMMANDERS. 271 

JAMES SIBBALD, ESQ. 

PASSED his examination, and obtained a commission, in 
Dec. 180J. During the remainder of the war he served as 
lieutenant of the Dryad frigate, Captain Edward Galwey*. 
He was promoted to the rank of commander on the 15th June, 
1814. 

JOHN HENRY RHODES, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant on the llth Feb. 1808. During 
the latter part of the war with France, he served as first of 
the Impregnable 98, bearing the flag of Admiral William 
Young, on the North Sea station. He obtained the rank of 
commander, June 15th, 1814; and married, Sept. 23d, 1817> 
Miss Barbara Clay, of Rhyllow House, near St. Asaph. 



CHARLES COWPER BENETT, ESQ. 

PASSED his examination, and was made a lieutenant, in 
April, 1808. During the latter part of the war he served as 
second of the Impregnable 98, bearing the flag of Admiral 
William Young, on the North Sea station. He obtained 
the rank of commander on the 15th June, 1814. 

This officer married, in 1810, Sarah, eldest daughter of the 
late William Burlton, Esq. of Baverstock House, co. Wilts. 



PASCOE DUNN, ESQ. 

OBTAINED the rank of lieutenant in Jan. 1809; and was 
wounded while serving in the boats of the Tuscan sloop, Cap- 
tain John Wilson, at the capture and destruction of a French 
convoy, in the bay of Rosas, Nov. 1st, following f. He was 
granted a pension on the 4th Aug. 1813; and made a com- 
mander, June 15th, 1814. 

This officer married, Sept. 29th, 1813, Hester, daughter of 
John Maxwell, Esq. apothecary to the forces at Gibraltar j 
and died at Devonport, May 28th, 1826. 



* See vol. II. Part. II, p. 654. tSee Suppl. Part. III. p. 160. 



272 COMMANDERS. 

RICHARD CROKER, ESQ. 

ENTERED the navy, as midshipman, on board the Galatea 
frigate, Captain George Byng (afterwards Viscount Torring- 
ton). He obtained the rank of lieutenant in Jan. 1809; a 
commander's commission on the 15th June, 1814; and a pen- 
sion for wounds, Dec. 19th following. 



PETER M'QUHAE, ESQ. 

PASSED his examination, and obtained a commission, in 
Oct. 1809. He was appointed to the Pyramus frigate, Jan. 
26th, 1810 ; and promoted to the rank of commander, June 
15th, 1814. This officer married, Oct. 19th, 1831, Caroline, 
relict of S. Bloss Copping, of Harleston, co. Norfolk, Esq. 



HENRY BAKER (A), ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant on the 31st Oct. 1809 ; appointed 
to the Ethalion frigate, Captain Edmund Heywood, Nov. 2d, 
1810 ; and promoted from that ship, to the rank of comman- 
der, June 15th, 1814. He married, June 4th, 1830, Henrietta 
Margaret, relict of Lieutenant- Colonel Digby. 



EDMUND TURBERVILLE, ESQ. 

Is the son of a clergyman. He served as midshipman un- 
der Rear-Admiral the Hon. Michael De Courcy, in the Ton- 
nant and Foudroyant, 80-gun ships, and was promoted from 
the latter into the Hyacinth sloop, at Brazil, Aug. 15th, 
1810. His next appointment was, Sept. 10th, 1812, to the 
Mulgrave 74, Captain T. J. Maling, in which ship he con- 
tinued until advanced to the rank of commander, June 15th, 
1814. Some time previous to this he jumped overboard and 
saved a man, who had fallen from the forecastle of the Mul- 



COMMANDERS. 273 

grave, while she was working out of St. Helen's, with a strong 
breeze from the southward. This officer married, June 3d, 
1819, the only daughter of John Westear, of Creslow, co. 
Bucks, Esq. 



JAMES HUGGINS, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant into the Rover sloop, Sept. 27th, 
1810; appointed to the Majestic 58, Captain John Hayes, 
Mar. 8th, 1813; promoted to the rank of commander, June 
15th, 1814; and granted a pension of 150 per annum, for 
wounds, May 28th, 1816. 



ARCHIBALD BUCHANAN, ESQ. 

WE first find this officer acting as lieutenant, and com- 
manding the (late Dutch) brig Mandarin, employed in con- 
veying specie and provisions from Madras to Amboyna. In 
that vessel he witnessed the capture of Banda-Neira, by the 
squadron under Captain (now Sir Christopher) Cole, Aug. 
9th, 1810 *. He obtained the rank of commander, June 15th, 
1814 ; and died at Pisa, in Italy, Dec. 26th, 1822. 



JAMES STIRLING (ft), ESQ. 

Is a son of John Stirling, of Kippendavie, Perthshire, 
Esq. by his wife, Mary Graham, of Airth, in Stirlingshire. 

This officer entered the royal navy in 1804, as midship- 
man on board the San Josef, first rate, bearing the flag of Sir 
Charles Cotton ; and subsequently served in the Leonidas 
frigate, Captain Anselm John Griffiths, on the Mediterranean 
station. In 1810, -he rejoined the former ship; and on the 
20th May, 1811, was appointed lieutenant of the Leviathan 
74, Captain Patrick Campbell. Early in the following year, 



* See Vol. II. Part II. pp. 505513. 

VOL. IV. PART I. T 



2J4 COMMANDERS. 

he exchanged into the Blossom sloop, Captain William Stew- 
art ; and soon afterwards assisted at the capture of le Jean 
Bart, French schooner privateer, of seven guns and 106 
men, near Majorca. 

On the 29th April, 1812, the boats of the Blossom, in 
company with those of the Undaunted and Volontaire frigates, 
attacked a French convoy, near the mouth of the Rhone, 
brought out seven vessels, burnt twelve, including a national 
schooner of four guns and 74 men, and left two stranded on 
the beach. A boat of the Blossom, commanded by Lieut. 
Stirling, also captured and blew up two towers in the bay of 
St. Mary's. 

The subject of this sketch was next appointed to the 
Malta 80, bearing the flag of Rear Admiral Hallo well, (now 
Sir Benjamin H. Carew,) in which ship he was serving when 
made a commander, June loth, 1814. During the usurpa- 
tion of Napoleon, in 1815, he commissioned the Ferret sloop ; 
and received the thanks of the commander-in-chief, at Ply- 
mouth, and of the Board of Admiralty, for the rapidity with 
which she was manned and equipped. The following is an 
extract of a letter addressed to him, by Captain (now Sir 
Charles) Malcolm, subsequent to the capture of two French 
national vessels, and five sail of merchantmen, in the harbour 
of Courgiou. 

" When I informed Lord Keith of my having detained llie Ferret for the 
attack upon Courgiou, I endeavoured all I could, to impress him with a 
just sense of your conduct. I mentioned your personal exertions the 
night before the attack, after the Ferret was anchored, in going off to the 
Sea Lark to pilot her in. I told him that, during the attack, your conduct 
was- the admiration of all; that it was your good fortune to command a 
vessel of light draught of water, and that the advantage you took of that 
circumstance, to run in in the fine style you did, between the rocks and the 
maiu into the mouth of the harbour, at once decided our success, and pre- 
vented the escape of the man-of-war brig, which ^rou forced to run on 
shore. Believe me very faithfully yours, 

(Signed) " CHARLES MALCOLM." 

In the performance of this service, the Ferret lost only one 
man. She afterwards formed part of Napoleon's escort to 



COMMANDERS. 2/5 

St. Helena ; and on her return from thence, with only eight 
12-ponnder carronades mounted, captured, after a running 
fight of two hours, the brigantine Dolores (having on board 
nearly 300 slaves) armed with one long 32-pounder on a 
pivot, four long 9-pounders, and two 12-pounder carronades. 
On this occasion, she suffered severely from the slaver's fire, 
and sustained a loss of three men killed and two wounded. 

Commander Stirling married, July 6th, 1820, Mary, 
daughter of Day Hort Macdowall, of Castlesemple, Renfrew- 
shire, Esq. 



FRANCIS LE HUNTE, ESQ. 

PASSED his examination for lieutenant in July, 1809 ; and 
subsequently served in the Milford 74, bearing the flag of 
Rear-Admiral Fremantle, on the Mediterranean station. In 
Feb. 1813, he commanded a division of the Sicilian flotilla, 
under the orders of Brigadier (afterwards Sir Robert) Hall, 
and behaved with distinguished bravery at the storming of 
some batteries on the coast of Calabria, a service thus offi- 
cially reported to Lieutenant-General Lord William Ben- 
tinck : 

" Messina, Feb. }Qth, 1813. 

" My Lord, I have the honour to inform your lordship, that since the 
attack of the 21st July, the enemy had thrown up new works at Pietra 
Nera, and felt such confidence in their protection, that a convoy of fifty 
sail of armed vessels had assembled within a few days past, to transport to 
Naples timber and other government property. Conceiving it necessary 
to destroy this confidence, and having gained your lordship's sanction, I 
proceeded on the night of the 14th, with two divisions of the flotilla, and 
four companies of the 95th regiment, under the command of Major 
Stewart. Light and contrary winds prevented the boats arriving until 
nearly daylight, when about 150 men, with an auxiliary party of seamen, 
under the command of Lieutenant Le Hunte, were landed ; and Major 
Stewart, without waiting the arrival of the rest, pushed up immediately to 
the height, which we had previously concerted to occupy, and which a 
complete battalion, with two troops of cavalry, and two pieces of artillery, 
were prepared to dispute. Aware of the enemy having cavalry, I landed a 
detachment of the rocket^ corps, under the direction of Corporal Barenbacb, 
the fire of which threw them into confusion, and facilitated the approach of 

T2 



276 COMMANDERS. 

our troops, xvho charged the height in a most determined way. The enemy, 
however, did not abandon it until the colonel-commandant, Roche, and 
most of his officers, were killed or made prisoners, and the height was lite- 
rally covered with their dead. The division of the flotilla under Captain 
Imbert had now commenced a most destructive cannonade on the batteries, 
which held out with such obstinacy, that I was obliged to order them to be 
successively stormed. This service was performed by Lieutenant Le 
Hunte, with a party of seamen, in a very gallant style. At eight o'clock 
every thing was in our possession, the most valuable of the enemy's vessels 
and timber launched, and the rest on fire. Upwards of 150 of the enemy 
killed and wounded, and 163 prisoners, among whom are the colonel of the 
regiment, three captains of infantry, two captains of cavalry, and one cap- 
tain of artillery, with his two guns, six-pounders, afford the best proofs of 
the manner in which both services did their work : very few of the enemy's- 
cavalry escaped. 

" The determined manner in which Major Stewart led his men, to the 
attack of the enemy's position, did him infinite honour, and the army will 
share my regret at the loss of this brave officer, who fell by a musket shot, 
while with me pushing off from the shore, after the troops were re-em- 
barked. Lieutenant Campbell, of the 75th, who commanded the advance, 
was particularly and generally noticed : I cannot sufficiently express my 
admiration of the very exemplary conduct of Lieutenant Le Hunte, who 
was the observation of sailors and soldiers. ***! have the 
honor to annex a list of our killed and wounded on this occasion, which 
your lordship will observe is very trifling, compared with the enormous 
loss of the enemy. 

(Signed) " R. HALL, Capt. and Brig." 

The loss sustained by the flotilla amounted to no more 
than two men slain and seven wounded. 

Lieutenant Le Hunte was afterwards sent with a division 
of gun-boats to guard the island of Ponza. In March and 
April, 1814, he was attached to the expedition against Genoa 
and its dependencies j and particularly distinguished himself 
by his gallant and able conduct at the reduction of the enemy's 
forts in the Gulf of Spezzia.* His promotion to the rank of 
commander took place on the 15th June following. During 
the short war in 1815, he was selected to serve in the river 
Scheldt, with a brigade of seamen, under the orders of Cap- 
tain Charles Napier ; and after the final overthrow of Napo- 



* See Vol. II., Part I., p. 429. 



COMMANDERS. 277 

leon Buonaparte, we find him, for a short time, commanding 
the Erebus sloop, of 16 guns. 



ROSE HENRY FULLER, ESQ. 

YOUNGEST son of the late John Tray ton Fuller, of Bright- 
ling, co. Sussex, Esq., by Anne, daughter of the first Baron 
Heathfield, and a collateral descendant of the renowned Sir 
Francis Drake. 

This officer obtained his first commission on the 21st 
March, 1812, and was severely wounded, while serving as 
lieutenant of the Swiftsure 74, Captain Edward Stirling Dick- 
son, at the capture, by boarding, of le Charlemagne French pri- 
vateer schooner, of 8 guns and 93 men, near Corsica, Nov. 
26th, 1813. He was promoted to his present rank on the 15th 
June, 1814 j and granted a pension, the present amount of 
which is 150/. per annum, Feb. 28th, 1815. 

Commander Fuller married, Nov. 28th, 1831, Margaretta 
Jane, second daughter of the late Rev. Sir Robert Sheffield, 
Bart. His eldest brother was created a baronet in July, 
1821.* 



JAMES TOWNSEND, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant on the 19th Dec. 1800; and pro- 
moted to the rank of commander, while serving as first of 
the Queen 74, Captain Lord Colville, June 27th, 1814. He 
married about the close of the same year, the eldest daughter 
of the Rev. T. Biddulph, of Ledbury, co. Hereford, late vicar 
of Padstow, in Cornwall. 



THOMAS WILLIAMS, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant on the 25th Dec. 1800; and pro- 
moted, while serving as first of the Ville de Paris 110, Cap- 



*See Vol. III., Part II., p. 39. 



2/8 COMMANDERS. 

tain Charles Jones, to the command of the Derwent sloop, 
June 27th, 1814. 



JOHN BERNEY, ESQ. 

SECOND son of the late Sir John Berney, Bart., by Hen- 
rietta, daughter of George, first Earl of Abergavenny. 

This officer was born in 1782. He served as midshipman 
on board the Arrogant 74, in the East Indies, from whence 
he returned home acting lieutenant of la Sybille frigate, Cap- 
tain Charles Adam, in April, 1803. His first commission 
bears date July 27th following. We next find him in the 
Invincible 74, Captain Ross Donnelly ; and lastly in the 
Royal Sovereign yacht, acting Captain Sir John P. Beresford. 
He obtained the rank of commander June 27th, 1814. 



HENRY MASTERMAN MARSHALL, ESQ. 

Is a son of the late Rev. Marshall, of Saltash, co. 

Cornwall ; and nephew to the late superannuated Rear-Ad- 
miral Thomas Gaberion. His grandfather, Mr. Masterman, 
was many years a purser and secretary in the navy. 

This officer was born at St. Stephen's, near Saltash. He 
first went to sea about the close of 1794; and was a midship- 
man on board the Swiftsure 74, Captain Benjamin Hallowell, 
(now Sir B. H. Carew) at the memorable battle of the Nile ; 
previous to which he had distinguished himself on various 
occasions of boat-service, before Cadiz, and thereby attracted 
the attention of Earl St. Vincent, by whom he was led to 
expect a commission as soon as qualified for promotion. He 
was afterwards very actively employed in boats on the coasts 
of Egypt and Italy ; and had the honor of serving as aid-de- 
camp to his gallant captain at the sieges of St. Elmoand 
Gaieta, in June and July, 1799.* He also assisted at the 
capture of two Spanish frigates, laden with quicksilver, and 



See Vol. I., Part II., p. 475, et sey. 



COMMANDERS. 279 

twelve valuable merchant vessels, by a small squadron under 
Rear-Admiral Duckworth, in April, 1800.* 

We next find Mr. Marshall in the Kent 74, bearing the 
flag of Sir Richard Bickerton. He appears to have been 
present at the landing of the British army under Sir Ralph 
Abercromby, in Aboukir bay, March 8th, 1801 ; and likewise 
in the actions of the 13th and 21st of the same month. He 
afterwards piloted a number of frigates, brigs, and smaller 
vessels into the western harbour of Alexandria ; and for his 
services during that celebrated campaign was presented with 
the superior Turkish gold medal. On the removal of Sir 
Richard Bickerton's flag into the Madras 54, he was ap- 
pointed acting lieutenant of that ship, but did not succeed in 
getting confirmed until Aug. 30th, 1803. He subsequently 
served in the Gibraltar 80, Captain William Hancock Kelly ; 
the Dreadnought 98, to which ship he was appointed at the 
particular request of Admiral Sir John Colpoys ; and the 
Hind 28, Captain Francis William Fane ; the latter ship em- 
ployed in almost every European part of the Mediterranean, 
from Gibraltar to the Dardanelles .; .and also on the coast of 
Egypt, during the occupation of Alexandria, by the military 
and naval forces under Major-General Fraser and Captain 
Hallowell.f On one occasion, when returning from Ma- 
jorca, to which island he had been sent in a small felucca, for 
the purpose of effecting an exchange of prisoners, he, with 
only four foreigners as a boat's crew, pursued and captured 
a large Spanish xebec, full of refugees, proceeding from Tar- 
ragona to Pulma. On another occasion, while cruising in 
the Archipelago, the Hind's jolly-boat unarmed, under his 
command, boarded and made prize of a Turkish brig, of four 
guns, having on board the 'governor of Candia and his body 
guard, armed as usual with sabres, pistols, muskets, and 
dirks. 

Lieutenant Marshall was the senior officer of his rank em- 
ployed at the evacuation of Scylla. where he again displayed 



SeeVol. I., Part IT., p. 4/8. 
t See id., p. 482. 



280 COMMANDERS. 

I 

great coolness and bravery. After the retreat of the British 
forces from -Egypt, he was despatched to Cyprus, in order to 
prevent further supplies being forwarded from thence to 
Alexandria ; and, notwithstanding the vigilance of the Turkish 
authorities, he fully accomplished the object of his mission. 

In 1809, Lieutenant Marshall, being afflicted with oph- 
thalmia, and in ill health, was obliged to return to England, 
and induced to accept the command of the Veteran prison- 
ship, stationed in Portchester Lake. From thence he was 
removed, at the request of Sir Richard Bickerton, about 
Dec. 1811, into the Royal William, bearing that officer's flag, 
at Spithead. On the 27th July, 1813, he was appointed first 
lieutenant of the Prince, which ship had been selected to 
take the place of the " Old Billy ;" and on the 27th June, 
1814, the Lords of the Admiralty, then in attendance upon 
the allied sovereigns at Portsmouth, were pleased to sign 
a commission promoting him to the rank of commander. 

The subject of this sketch married, in 1805, Ann, niece of 
Captain James Ferguson, who died lieutenant-governor of 
the Royal Hospital, Greenwich, Feb. 14th, 1793; and by 
that lady has had a very numerous family. One of his bro- 
thers quitted the naval service, after obtaining a lieutenant's 
commission. 



FRANCIS BAKER, ESQ. 

SECOND son of the late Captain Benjamin Baker, by 
Amelia, a daughter of Sir Francis Bernard, Bart., governor of 
New Jersey in 1758, and of Massachusets Bay from 1760 
until 1770. 

This officer was made a lieutenant on the 1st Feb. 1804; 
and promoted to the command of the Belle Poule troop-ship, 
while serving as first of the Rodney 74, Captain Charles 
Inglis, June 27th, 1814. He died in the beginning of 1824. 



HENRY PARKER, ESQ. 

PASSED his examination in Nov. 1807 J obtained a lieute- 
nant's commission on the 28th April, 1808; and afterwards 



COMMANDERS. 281 

served under the flag of Sir John B. Warren, in the Swift- 
sure 74, on the Halifax station. He was made a commander 
on the 2/th June, 1814. 

This officer married, April 10th, 1822, Lady Frances Theo- 
phila Anne Hastings, eldest daughter of Hans Francis, eleventh 
Earl of Huntingdon. 



WILLIAM HENRY NARES, ESQ. 

PASSED his examination in Aug. 1808 ; obtained the rank 
of lieutenant on the 17th April, 1809; and subsequently 
served in the Roman sloop, Captain Samuel Fowell, Apollo 
38, Captain Bridges W. Taylor, and Havannah 36, Captain 
Gawen William Hamilton, on the Mediterranean station, 
where he distinguished himself on many occasions, particu- 
larly at the capture of three Franco-Italian gun-vessels, near 
the island of Fauo, in the Adriatic, May 28th, 1813,* and in 
a subsequent affair thus officially reported : 

" H. M. S. Apollo, of Corfu, June 15M, 1813. 

" Sir, At daylight last Thursday morning, being off the north end of 
Corfu, and suspecting four vessels to be bound there from Barletta, with 
grain, but prevented getting in by the position of the Apollo, I, previous to 
liauling out to examine them, detached our barge, launch, first gig, and 
jolly-boat, under Lieutenant William Henry Nares, Lieutenant Colin 
Campbell, R.M., and Messrs. Hutchinson, Lancaster, and Brand, midship- 
men, to watch them at the south end. 

" They were, as I had anticipated, met going in. One ran on shore 
under Cape Bianco, and was scuttled 5 the others would have been cap- 
tured had the attention of the barge, gig, and jolly-boat not been drawn off 
by a French gun-vessel, which they took after some resistance. She 
mounted two long guns, a twelve and a six-pounder. Nine of the enemy 
were badly wounded, among whom was the commander and a captain of 
engineers. Mons. Baudrand, colonel and chief of engineers of Corfu, (re- 
ported of very great abilities,) was also in her, having been to Parga and 
Pado to improve the fortifications. 

" The launch was despatched to St. Maura with the prize, and the 
wounded landed at Corfu, under a flag of truce. 

" The delay of the latter caused our other boats to remain near Morto, 

See Suppl, Part IV., p. 230. 



282 COMMANDERS. 

in Albania, and at daylight the following, morning they were attacked by 
six gun-vessels, a felucca, and a row-boat, all full of troops. Lieutenant 
Nares, finding they came up fast with a breeze, ran the barge and jolly- 
boat on shore upon the border of the French territory of Parga ; he then, 
with the few men he had, prevented this great force from landing, until his 
ammunition was expended. 

" The enemy must have suffered much, as he retreated four times from 
the beach ; our loss was only one man, taken from the shore. The boats 
being destroyed, the enemy only carried off pieces of the wreck. I have 
the honor to be, &c. 

(Signed) " fl. W. TAYLOR." 

Mr. Nares was promoted to the command of the Philomel 
sloop, July 1st, 1814. He married, August 26th, 1820, 
Elizabeth, daughter of the late John Alexander Dodd, of 
Redbourn, co. Herts, Esq. 



WILLIAM BENJAMIN SUCKLING, ESQ. 

SON of Colonel Suckling, cousin to the immortal Nelson. 

This officer passed his examination, and was appointed 
lieutenant of the Talbot sloop, Captain the Hon. Alex. Jones, 
in Oct. 1809. He subsequently served in the Milford 74, 
bearing the flag of Rear- Admiral (now Sir Richard G.) Keats, 
employed in the defence of Cadiz ; and Unite frigate, Captain 
Edwin H. Chamberlayne, on the Mediterranean station. Tn 
the beginning of July, 1814, :he was promoted to the com- 
mand of the Merope sloop ; and on the 19th Feb. 1822, ap- 
pointed to the Racehorse, of 18 guns, which vessel he lost in 
Douglas Bay, Isle of Man, in the month of Nov. following, 
His last appointment was, March 15th, 1828, to the Medina 
20, fitting out for the African station, from whence he re- 
turned home, invalided, in the spring of 1829. 



SAMUEL HOSKINS, ESQ. 

PASSED his -examination in Sept. 1809 ; obtained the rank 
of lieutenant on the 4th April, 1810; and was mnde a com- 
mander, July 4th, 1814. He married, in 1821), Mary Anne, 
youngest daughter of the late commander Daniel Folliott. 



COMMANDERS. 283 

GEORGE LUKE (6), ESQ. 

SERVED twenty years under the command of Captain (now 
Sir Philip C. H.) Durham, by whom, in a letter to the Ad- 
miralty, reporting the capture of 1'Alcmene French frigate, 
Jan. 16th, 1814, he is described as a very deserving officer. 
His first commission bears date Nov. 16th, 1801 ; and his 
promotion to the rank of commander took place July 8th, 
1814. On the day previous thereto, being then acting in the 
Heron sloop, he captured an American letter of marque, the 
Mary, of 5 guns and 32 men. 



EDWARD BOYS (a), ESQ. 

WE first find this officer serving as master's mate on board 
the Royal Sovereign 100, bearing the flag of Sir Henry Har- 
vey, K. B. from which ship he was paid off in the spring of 
1802. In June following, he joined the Phoebe frigate, Cap- 
tain the Hon. Thomas Bladen Capel, fitting out for the 
Mediterranean station. 

Shortly after the renewal of hostilities, in 1803, the Phoebe 
was ordered off Toulon, to watch the enemy's fleet in that 
port. On her way thither, when off Civita Vecchia, two 
French privateers were seen from the mast-head, and, it 
being then a dead calm, her boats, one of which was com- 
manded by Mr. Boys, were despatched in chase, under the 
orders of Lieutenant Perkins. After five hours' rowing, 
about 10 P. M., they came up with one of the enemy's vessels ; 
but, from an unfortunate medley of disastrous circumstances, 
were twice repulsed, with the loss of eight men killed and 
wounded. 

On thelst of the following month, Mr. Boys commanded 
a boat, under the orders of Lieutenant Tickell, at the cap- 
ture of two settees, laden with fruit and sundry merchandize, 
close to the land near Cape Sicie. On rejoining the Phoebe, 
he was placed in charge of one of these prizes, with orders to 
proceed, as soon as her sails could be put in order, to Lord 
Nelson, then on the coast of Catalonia, and from thence to 



284 COMMANDERS. 

Malta. Unfortunately, however, it was otherwise ordained; 
for on the 4th both settees were retaken by a French squadron, 
from which the Phoebe herself with difficulty escaped. On the 
same day H. M. schooner Redbridge and a transport under 
her convoy also fell into the hands of the enemy. 

After performing quarantine in Toulon roads, Mr. Boys, 
Messrs Murray and Whitehurst, midshipmen, Mr. Dander- 
son, master of the transport, and ninety men, were landed 
about two miles to the westward of the town, and from thence 
escorted by a guard of infantry, through Aix, Tarascon, Beau- 
caire, Nismes, Montpellier, Beziers, Narbonne, Carcassone, 
Castelnaudary, and Ville Franche, to Toulouse. In this 
once noble capital they remained, on parole, from Sept. 12th, 
until Dec. 2d, and then set out for Verdun, in company with 
a lieutenant and six midshipmen, who had been taken in the 
Redbridge. During this latter journey, they passed through 
Auch, Beaumont, Montauban, Cahors, Gourdon, Martel, 
Brive, Uzerches, Limoges, Argentan, Chateauroux, Orleans, 
Pethivier, Melun, Belleville, Troyes, Chalons (on the Marne), 
and St. Menehould. The following are extracts from a 
" Narrative of his captivity and adventures in France and 
Flanders," published by the subject of this memoir, in J82J. 

" Upon being escorted to the citadel, certain regulations as the con- 
ditions of iny parole, were given to me for perusal. These I signed ; 
permission was then given me to retire into the town, where I took lodgings 
suitable to rny finances. * * * * With respect to the personal treatment 
of the prisoners at Verdun (setting aside extortion), every candid mind will 
confess that it was generally apportioned to individual desert ; and if occa- 
sional acts of oppression occurred, they were exceptions emanating from 
the petty malice of vulgar minds, unaccustomed to exercise authority, 
rather than the result of systematic discipline ; of which the following fact 
is an evidence: 

*' Four of us were rambling about the country, with a pointer and silken 
net, catching quails, when the gun was fired (as a signal of some one hav- 
ing deserted). On our return, in passing through the village of Tierville, 
we were surprised by two gens-d'armes, one of whom instantly dismounted, 
and seized me, uttering the most blasphemous epithets ; he tied my elbows 
behind me, then slipping a noose round my bare neck, triced me up to the 
holsters of his saddle, remounted, and returned with his prize- to town, 
exulting in his cowardly triumph, and pouring forth vollies of vulgar abuse. 



COMMANDERS. 285 

every now and then tightening the cord, so as to keep me trotting upon 
the very extremity of the toes, to obtain relief; then again loosening it, as 
occasional guttural symptoms of strangulation seemed to indicate necessity. 
Vain would be the attempt to convey an adequate idea of the impotent rage 
then boiling within me, at the insult offered to my juvenile dignity, whilst 
a determined haughtiness disdained to betray the slightest indication of sub- 
mission or complaint. My companions were secured round the middle, 
with the utmost violence and brutality; thus we were conducted to town, 
and when delivered over to the proper authorities and interrogated, were 
released. The next morning I waited on the senior officer, Captain Wood- 
riffe, who, with a promptitude which did honour to his feelings, and indig- 
nation worthy of a British officer, immediately represented the fact to 
General Wirion, (coinmander-in-chief at Verdun,) who assured him the 
gens-d'armes should be ordered into solitary confinement. 

" In July,lS08, three midshipmen were taken in the very act of violat'ng 
their parole. This afforded Wirion an opportunity of representing the whole 
class, (including warrant officers and masters of merchant vessels) as con- 
tumacious and refractory : he further assured the minister of war, that 
nothing but extreme rigour and close confinement could insure the persons 
of these ' Ire's mauvais sujets,' and that Verdun was inadequate to their 
security. The result was an order for the whole class to be removed ; and 
on the 7th of August, on going to the afternoon ' appel,' we were arrested, 
to the number of 142, and sent to the citadel. ***** The 
previous occurrence of similar events, though on a minor scale as 
to numbers, warned us to prepare for an early departure, but not 
a word to that effect escaped the commanding officer until late 
at night. ***** At dawn of day, the drum summoned us to 
muster. We were drawn up in two ranks ; one of 73, destined for Valen- 
ciennes and Givet, the other of 69, for Sarre Louis and other depots, to the 
eastward. The northern expedition being ready, we were placed two by 
two, upon bundles of straw, in five waggons, and set out, escorted by the 
greater part of the horse gens-d'armerie of the district, aided by infantry. 
* * * My most intimate friend and brother midshipman, Moyses, was 
of the party, and we had agreed to avail ourselves of the first opportunity 
to decamp ; this, however, appeared almost hopeless. In the evening we 
arrived at Stenay, having travelled about twenty miles * * * *. Parole 
had, hitherto, tended to reconcile me to captivity ; but being now deprived 
of that honourable confidence, and feeling my pride wounded, at the 
oppressive act of punishing the innocent for the guilty, no obstacle could 
avert my intention of finally executing what I now felt a duty ; and it was 
cheering to find, that, in these feelings, my friend most cordially par. 
ticipated." 

Having concocted their scheme as well as they could 
Messrs. Boys and Moyses kept watch for an opportunity, but 



COMMANDERS. 

were always baulked, aud on their arrival at Meziers se- 
parated ; the former being ordered to Valenciennes, the latter 
to Givet. 

Passing through Hirson, Avesnes, Quesnoy, and Lan- 
drecy, Mr. Boys and his division arrived at the end of their 
journey on the 1/th Aug., and were con ducted with great form to 
the citadel of Valenciennes, there to take up their abode during 
the war, with about 1400 men, who occupied the barracks. 
Between the " tres mauvais sujets" and those men, no dis- 
tinction whatever was to be made, except the permission of 
walking on the rampart facing the town. 

That part of the fortress in which the prisoners were 
allowed to amuse themselves has two gates : the northern 
leading to the upper citadel, and the southern to the town : at 
each was a strong guard. Through the western rampart 
is a sally port, which leads into an outwork, thence into a 
garden, forming a triangle of about half an acre, at the ex- 
treme point of which the Escant branches off in two streams, 
the canal passing between the citadel and ravelin. 

" Through this sally-port," says our hero, " it was my intention to make 
an attempt to escape, that appearing the weakest point. I meant to swim 
across the river, and take my clothes in an umbrella prepared for the 
occasion. Some few days elapsed before I ventured to communicate my 
intentions to any one, when I broached the subject to a brother midship- 
man, named Ricketts, who readily entered into my views, and was willing 
to assist me in any way, but, from the most honourable motives declined 
joining. A messmate, named Cadell, also declined j I then sounded several 
other midshipmen, without success. In this state of suspense, day after 
day elapsed, till the 4th of September, when I applied to one whose name 
was Hunter; he approved of my plans, and appeared gratified that I had 
selected him as a companion. It was agreed that we should start on the 
14th, intending, by means of picklocks, to get through the sally-port; and 
I was the more sanguine, from the circumstance of there being no sentinel at 
that door. The 14th arrived, every thing wearing a favourable aspect, and 
the hour of ten was appointed for the attempt ; but about 4 P.M., Hunter 
surprised me, by signifying his determination to postpone it until the 
spring, as from the season of the year, he foresaw innumerable difficulties, 
and deemed success impossible. In this dilemma, I became almost frantic, 
for, from so untimely and unexpected a secession, I doubted in whom to 
confide. 



COMMANDERS. 287 

" My brother officers getting 1 intimation of my intention, whispered it 
about from one to the other, till it became a topic of general conversation : 
at length, it reached the ears of the police, and, in consequence of this, I 
was so closely watched, that all my prospects, for the present, were 
blasted. The only way to remove these suspicions, was perfect tranquillity 
for some time; and to divert the attention of the public, I sent to Verdun 
for my clothes and dogs, which I had left there, to avoid incumbrances 
on the road to Valenciennes. I should not neglect to mention, that a sen- 
tinel was now placed at the before-mentioned sally-port, and stricter 
orders issued throughout the depSt. 

"The midshipmen began to manifest much impatience at the continu- 
ance of their 'durance vile,' and, after several fruitless applications to the 
commandant, drew up a letter to the minister of war, requesting restora- 
tion to parole, one sentence of which insured a flat denial, as it plainly 
intimated that a refusal would be attended with escape. A few days after, 
I was delighted to learn, that the minister's answer was confined to a 
simple negative. * * * * I kept up a correspondence, per post, with 
my friend Moyses. It was my wish, that he should make interest to be 
sent to Valenciennes, such removals being sometimes effected through the 
application of our own officers. Finding there was no probability of a 
junction, and all suspicion being at length removed, I again commenced 
sounding those around me, when I found an opening to make a proposal to 
a midshipman, named Rochfort ; he came into it immediately ; the strictest 
secrecy -was observed, and we determined to be seldom seen together, 
although the most perfect harmony and cordiality prevailed between us, 
and, I may add, an implicit confidence in mutual support. * * * * With 
the assistance of Ricketts and Cadell, our preparations were completed, 
and the 15th Oct. was fixed for our departure. I was the more anxious 
to carry our plans into execution, so soon as matured, because the com- 
mandant, with unremitting diligence, was daily visiting the citadel, and as 
frequently changing the posts of thesentinels, and issuing stricter regulations 
for the security of the prisoners. * * * *. There still being a sentinel at 
the sally-port, my first plan was changed to that of getting into the upper 
citadel, which could only be effected by creeping upon the parapet above 
the north gate, letting ourselves down upon the bridge over the canal, and 
passing through the ravelin ; but being unacquainted with those parts of 
the fortifications we intended to risk all, and trust to Providence for deli- 
verance. ***** By the friendly aid of a dete'nu, residing in the 
town, we procured provisions, a map of the northern department, and 
several other necessaries, almost indispensable on such an expedition. 
The only thing now wanting was rope, which we obtained by purchasing 
skipping lines of the French boys, this being a general amusement amongst 
them at this season. ***** About five P.M. on the day fixed for our 
departure, I was walking with Ricketts, and discussing the proposed plans, 



288 COMMANDERS. 

which were then ripe for execution, when Cadell came up, and told us that 
Rochfort had just been seized with head-ache and fever, s \iolent as to 
require his being immediately put to bed. This I could nov credit, until 
made an eye-witness of the fact. Struck with astonishment, I gazed on the 
sufferer, and scarcely able to ask a question, stole into the yard, absorbed 
in thought and perplexity ; not cherishing the faintest hope of finding 
another in the citadel to join with me. * * * * I wandered about for 
some time, reflecting on this extraordinary occurrence, little suspicious of 
what was afterwards developed, that, from our total ignorance of the im- 
pediments, in passing into the upper citadel, failure and its attendant con- 
sequences, must have been the result of trial at this time. My mind, how- 
ever, was not to be diverted from the object in view ; and no sooner had I 
roused myself from the effect of this disheartening event, than I began to 
meditate new schemes, for 1 was resolved on the attempt ' coute qui cuttte' ; 
but hesitated whether to await Rochfort's recovery, or to look out for 
another companion. Day after day passed in this state of suspense ; when 
finding no amendment in his health, he was liberal enough to advise my 
seeking a helpmate among the seamen. He became so reduced by his 
illness, that, even if he did recover, he durst not risk exposure to night 
chills, for a considerable time ; it was, therefore, with extreme reluctance, 
I abandoned the hope of his company. I then went to several of the 
most steady quarter-masters and other petty officers, without success. 
Whether they doubted the possibility of escape, or were deterred by the 
recollection of the barbarous murders at Bitche, I cannot say : for it was 
known, that when the commandant of that place had gained intimation of 
an intended attempt, he suffered the fugitives to reach a certain point, 
where the gens-d'armes were concealed, ready to rush in, and murder them. 
Two sailors, named Marshall and Cox, fell victims to this refined system 
of republican discipline. A somewhat similar act of cold-blooded atrocity 
afterwards occurred at Givet, in the person of Hayvvard, a midshipman : 
this gallant fellow, with his friend Gale, had broken out of prison, in the 
face of day, and fled into the country : unfortunately they were discovered, 
and the alarm given : two horse gens-d'armes immediately pursued, and over- 
took them in an open field. On their approach, Hayward, being unarmed, 
and seeing escape impossible, stood still, extending his arms, and ex- 
claimed ' Je me rends :' but this was too favorable an opportunity to be 
neglected, for the savage gratification of shedding human blood. Neither 
the defenceless state of the individual, nor his prompt surrender, could 
avert these merciless miscreants from plunging their swords into his manly 
chest, and mangling the body in a horrible manner. It was afterwards 
taken into the prison-yard, stripped naked, and exposed to the view 
of the prisoners, for the purpose of intimidating others from the like 3 
attempt. Gale gave himself up at the same time; and although he 
received several severe wounds, they did not prove mortal. 
" It will scarcely be credited, that the commandant gave the perpetra- 



COMMANDERS. 

tors of this outrageous exploit a pecuniary reward, saying : ' I give you 
this for having killed one of them ; had you killed both, the reward would 
have been doubled !**** In the beginning of November, two sailors 
were sparring in the yard ; and so common was this amusement, that 
it attracted the notice of no one but a stupid conscript of a sentinel, 
who, fancying they were quarrelling, quitted his post, and commenced 
a brutal attack on them, with the butt-end of his musket : this breach 
of military discipline soon collected a mob, and the endeavours of the men 
to ward off the blows, gave them the appearance of acting offensively. 
The guard was called out, when the gens-d'armes, rushing through the 
crowd, cut and slashed on all sides. Whkehurst and I, happeaing to 
be there at the time, roused with indignation at such wanton barbarity, 
also pushed in, in the hope of preventing bloodshed. The marechal de 
logis, observing us in the ' mel^e,' desired us to send the men to their 
rooms, who, upon the order being given, immediately retired. This 
prompt obedience, bearing the appearance of generally acting under 
our influence, was, no doubt, the cause of our being denounced as the 
authors of the disturbance. The next morning, we were arrested, and 
conducted to a separate place of confinement, upon the rampart fronting 
the town. We were there locked up, with a sentinel at the door, without 
communication with any one, and ordered to be kept on bread and water. 
We there received secret information, that the commandant had forwarded 
a report to the minister of war, representing us as ' chefs de complot'; the 
punishment of which, by the ' Code Napoleon,' is death. Although this 
did not much trouble us, being conscious of the falsehood of the accusa- 
tion, yet we judged it right to lay before the commandant a firm and 
accurate relation of the facts, referring him to the rnaiechal de logis, for proof 
of our interference having prevented more bloodshed, and restored tran- 
quillity. This respectful appeal to the justice of the commandant, corro- 
borated by the evidence of the marechal, succeeded in restoring us to 
our comrades, and in inducing him to transmit a counter-statement to 
Paris. I mention this circumstance, because it produced a proposition on 
the part of Whitehurst, to attempt escape, as soon as we could make the 
necessary preparations. I readily acceded to his proposal ; and, although 
I knew that, from his inexperience in the management of small craft, his 
assistance, in the event of getting afloat, could not be great, I was per- 
fectly convinced of his willingness and resolution. This consideration 
rendered it necessary, however, to seek a third person, and I sounded 
five men separately, in the course of the day ; but, so prevalent was the 
belief of the impossibility of getting out of the fortress, except by bribery, 
that they all declined. 

" In this difficulty, I consulted Ricketts, who proposed to introduce the 
subject again to Hunter. I consented to accept him as a companion, pro- 
vided we took our departure in a week. This stipulation being conveyed 
to him, and our prospects painted in glowing colours, he agreed to join us. 

VOL. IV. PART I. V 



290 COMMANDERS. 

From that moment, he behaved with firmness and cordiality : not an hour 
was lost in procuring every thing needful for the occasion ; but before we 
fixed a day, we resolved to obtain some information respecting 1 the 
obstacles in our passage to the upper citadel, that being the only way 
by which we could possibly escape. It was necessary to be very cautious 
in this particular, and many schemes were suggested. At length, hearing 
that that part of the fortifications abounded in wild rabbits, it occurred to 
me to offer my greyhounds to one of thegens-d'armes.wheneverhe chose to 
make use of them. This I did, and the fellow mentioned it to the 
marechal de logis, who was equally pleased with the expectation of 
sport, for they verily believed that such beautiful English dogs could 
kill every rabbit they saw. Shortly after, the gens-d'arme came, with the 
keys in his hand, for them ; the marechal waiting at the gate. The dogs, 
bowever, had been taught to follow no one but their master, so that their 
refusing to go, afforded me an opportunity of offering to accompany them, 
which was immediately accepted. Whitehurst, Hunter, and two or three 
others, requested permission to go with us ; four other gens-d'armes were 
ordered to attend, and we went in a tolerably large party. We took 
different directions round the ramparts, kicking the grass, under pretence 
of looking for rabbits : few were found, and none killed ; but we succeeded 
in making our observations, and, in about an hour, returned fully satis- 
fied of the practicability of escape, though the difficulties we had to 
encounter were, scaling a wall, ascending the parapet unseen, escaping 
the observations of three tiers of sentinels and the patroles, descending two 
ramparts, of about 45 feet each, and forcing two large locks. These were 
not more than we expected, and we, therefore, prepared accordingly. On 
our return, we fixed the night of the 16th Nov. for the attempt. Through 
a friend in town, I got iron handles put to a pair of steel boot-hooks, 
intending to use them as picklocks. The only thing now wanting 
was another rope ; and as that belonging to the well in our yard was not 
trustworthy, we hacked several of the heart-yarns, so that the first time it 
was used it broke. A subscription was made l>y the mids, and a new rope 
applied for ; by these means, we had at command about 36 feet, in addition 
to what our friends had before purchased of the boys. Every thing was 
now prepared ; the spirits and provisions, in knapsacks, were concealed in 
the dog-kennel. On the 14th, Whitehurst communicated the secret to 
a young mid, named Mansell, who immediately proposed to join. ***** 
At length the day arrrived which I had so ardently desired, and the feelings 
of delight with which I hailed it, were such as allowed me to anticipate 
none but the happiest results. The thought of having lost so many years 
from the service of my country, during an active war, had frequently 
embittered hours which would otherwise have been cheerful and mcrry 
and now proved a stimulant to perseverance, exceeded only by that 
which arose from the desire I felt, to impress upon the minds of French- 
men the inefficacy of vigilance and severity, to enchain a British oiliccr, 



COMMANDERS. 29l 

when compared with that milder and more certain mode of securing his 
person confiding in his honor." 

Owing to the calmness of the night of Nov. 15th, and 
the stars shining very bright, Mr. Boys was persuaded by 
Messrs. Cadell and Ricketts to defer his departure until 
the 16th. 

" In the afternoon," says he, " we amused ourselves with writing a 
letter to the commandant, in which we thanked him for his civilities, and 
assured him, that it was the rigid and disgraceful measures of the French 
Government which obliged us to prove the inefficacy of locks, bolts, 
and fortresses ; and that, if he wished to detain British officers, the most 
effectual method was to put them upon their honor, for that alone was the 
bond which had enchained us for more than five years. This letter was 
left with Ricketts, to be dropped on the following day, near the ' corps de 
garde.' At half-past seven, p. M. we assembled, armed with clasped 
knives, and each provided with a paper of fine pepper, upon which we 
placed our chief dependence ; for in case of being closely attacked, we 
intended throwing a handful into the eyes of the assailants, and running 
away. The plan was, that Hunter and myself were to depart first, fix the 
rope, and open the opposing doors; a quarter of an hour afterwards, 
Whitehurst and Mansell were to follow : by these means we diminished 
the risk attendant on so large a body as four moving together, and secured 
the advantage of each depending more upon his own care ; for if Hunter 
and myself were shot in the advance, the other two would remain in safety; 
and if, on the contrary, they were discovered, we hoped to have time, 
during the alarm, to gain the country. Our intentions were, to march 
to the sea side, and range the coast to Breskins, in the island of Cadsand, 
opposite Flushing; and, if means of getting afloat were not found before 
arriving at that place, we proposed to embark in the passage-boat for 
Flushing, and about mid- channel, rise and seize the vessel. It was now 
blowing very fresh, and was so dark and cloudy, that not a star could 
be seen ; the leaves were falling in abundance, and as they were blown 
over the stones, kept up a constant rustling noise, which was particularly 
favorable to the enterprise : indeed, things wore so promising an appear- 
ance, that we resolved to take leave of a few other of our brother officers : 
eight of them were accordingly sent for : to these I detailed our exact 
situation, the difficulties we had to contend with, and the means of sur- 
mounting them, reminded them of our letter to the commandant, of 
last month, and the glory of putting our threats into execution, in spite of 
his increased vigilance ; read the one we had that afternoon written, and 
proposed that any of them should follow that chose, but with this 
stipulation, that they allowed four hours to elapse before they made the 
attempt. Upon which, it being a quarter past eight, Hunter and myself, 

u2 



292 COMMANDERS. 

with woollen socks over our shoes, that our footsteps might not be heard, 
and each having a rope, a small poker, or a stake, and a knapsack, took 
leave of our friends, and departed. We first went into the back-yard, and, 
assisted by Rochfort, who was now convalescent, but not sufficiently 
strong to join the party, got over the wall, passed through the garden and 
palisades, crossed the road, and climbed silently upon our hands and knees 
up the bank at the back of the north guard-room lying perfectly still 
as the sentinels approached, and as they receded again advancing, until we 
reached the parapet over the gateway leading to the upper citadel. Flere 
the breast-work, over which we had to creep, was about five feet high, 
and fourteen thick ; and it being the highest part of the citadel, we were in 
danger of being seen by several sentinels below ; but fortunately the 
eold bleak wind induced some of them to take shelter in their boxes. 
With the utmost precaution we crept upon the summit, and down the 
breast-work towards the outer edge of the rampart, when the sentinel 
made his quarter-hourly cry of ' Sentinelle, prenez garde fi vous,' similar 
to our 'All's well :' this, though it created for a moment rather an unpleasant 
sensation, convinced me that we had reached thus far unobserved. I then 
forced the poker into the earth, and by rising and falling with nearly 
my whole weight hammered it down with my chest; about two feet behind 
I did the same with the stake, fastening a small line from the upper part of 
the poker to the lower part of the stake : this done, we made the well-rope 
secure round the poker, and gently let it down through one of the grooves 
in the rampart, which receives a beam of the draw-bridge when up. I then 
cautiously descended this half chimney, as it were, by the rope ; when 
I had reached about two-thirds of the way down, part of a brick fell, 
struck against the side, and rebounded against ray chest ; this I luckily 
caught between my knees, and carried down without noise. I crossed 
the bridge, and waited for Hunter, who descended with equal care 
and silence. 

" We then entered the ravelin, proceeded through the arched passage, 
which forms an obtuse angle with a massive door leading to the upper 
citadel, and, with my picklock, endeavoured to open it ; not finding the 
bolt yield with gentle pressure, I added the other hand, and gradually 
increased the force until I exerted my whole strength, when suddenly 
something broke. I then tried to file the catch of the bolt, but that being 
cast iron, the file made no impression ; we then endeavoured to cut away 
the stone in the wall which receives the bolt, but that was fortified with a 
bar of iron, which rendered our attempt abortive ; the picklocks were 
again applied, but with no better succeis : it now appeared complete 
'check-mate;' and, as the last resource, it was proposed to return to 
the bridge, slip down the piles, and float along the canal on our backs, 
there being too little water to swim, and too much to ford it. In the midst 
of our consultation, it occurred to me, that It would be possible to under- 
mine the gate this plan was no sooner proposed than commenced ; but 



OMMAXDERS. 293 

having no other implements than our pocket knives, some time elapsed 
before we could indulge any reasonable hopes of success ; the pavement 
stones under the door were about ten inches square, and so closely bound 
together, that it was a most difficult and very tedious process. About a 
quarter of an hour had been thus employed, when we were alarmed 
by a sudden noise, similar to the distant report of a gun, echoing in tremu- 
lous reverberations through the arched passage, and, as the sound became 
fainter, it resembled the cautious opening of the great gate, creating 
a belief that we were discovered. We jumped up, and drew back towards 
the bridge, intending, if possible, to steal past the gens-d' armes, and 
slip down the piles into the canal ; but the noise subsiding, we stood still, 
fancying we heard the footsteps of a body of men. The recollection of the 
barbarous murders at Bitche, on a similar occasion, instantly presented 
itself to my sensitive imagination; it is impossible to describe the con- 
flicting sensations which rushed upon my mind during this awful pause : 
fully impressed with the conviction ofdiscovery.and of our falling immediate 
victims to the merciless rage of ferocious blood-hounds, I stood and listened, 
with my knife in savage grasp, waiting the dreadful issue, when suddenly I 
felt a glow flush through my veins, which hurried me on with the desperate 
determination to succeed, or make a sacrifice of life in the attempt. We had 
scarcely reached the turning, when footsteps were again heard ; and, in a 
whispering tone, ' Boys ;' this welcome sound created so sudden a transition 
from desperation to serenity, from despair to a pleasing conviction of suc- 
cess, that in an instant all was hope and joy. Reinforced by our two friends, 
we again returned to our work of mining, with as much cheerfulness and 
confidence as though already embarked for England. They told us the 
noise was occasioned by the fall of a knapsack, which Mansell, unable 
to carry down the rope, had given to Whitehurst, from whom it slipped, 
and falling upon a hollow sounding bridge, between two lofty ramparts, 
echoed through the arched passage, with sufficient effect to excite alarm. 
***** Three of us continued mining until half-past ten, when the 
first stone was raised, and in twenty minutes more the second : about 
eleven, the hole was large enough to allow us to creep under the door ; 
the drawbridge was up ; there was, however, sufficient space to allow us to 
climb up, and it being square, there was, of course, an opening in the 
arch : through this we crept, lowering ourselves down by the line, which 
was passed round the chain of the bridge, and keeping both parts in 
our hands, landed on the garde fous.* Had the bars been taken away 
escape would have been impossible ; there not being sufficient line for de- 
scending into the ditch. We then proceeded through another arched passage, 
with the intention of undermining the second door, but to our great sur- 



Two iron bars, one above the other, suspended by chains on each 
side of the bridge, when down, serving the purpose of hand-rails. 






294 COMMANDERS. 

prise and joy, we found it unlocked. We now got down, crossed the ditch 
upon the 'garde foits,' landed in the upper citadel, proceeded to the 
north-east curtain, fixed the stake, and fastened the rope. As I was getting 
down, with my chest against the edge of the parapet, the stake gave way. 
Whitehurst, who was sitting by it, snatched hold of the rope, and Mansell 
of his coat, whilst I endeavoured to grasp the grass, by which I was saved 
from a fall of about fifty feet. Fortunately, there was a solitary tree in the 
citadel, from which we cut a second stake ; and the rope being doubly 
secured, we all got down safe with our knapsacks, except Whitehurst, 
who, when about two-thirds of the way, from placing his feet against the 
rampart, and not letting them slip so fast as his hands, got himself 
in nearly a horizontal position ; seeing his danger, I seized the rope, 
and placed myself in rather an inclined posture under him ; he fell upon 
my arm and shoulder with a violent shock ; fortunately neither of us was 
hurt. 

" We all shook hands, and in the excess of joy, heartily congratulated our- 
selves upon this providential success, after a most perilous and laborious 
work of three hours and three quarters. Having put our knapsacks a 
little in order, we mounted the glacis, and followed a foot path which led 
to the eastward. But a few minutes elapsed, before several objects were 
observed on the ground, which imagination, ever on the alert, metamor- 
phosed into gens-d'armes in ambush ; we, however, marched on ; when, 
to our no small relief, they were discovered to be cattle. Gaining the high 
road, we passed, (two and two, about forty paces apart) through a very long 
village, and, having travelled three or four miles, felt ourselves so ex- 
cessively thirsty, that \ve stopped to drink at a ditch : in the act of stoop- 
ing, a sudden flash of lightning, from the southward, so frightened us 
(supposing it to be the alarm-gun), that, instead of waiting to drink, we 
ran for nearly half an hour. We stopped a second time, and were prevented 
by a second flash, which alarmed us even more than the first, for we could 
not persuade ourselves it was lightning, though no report was heard. Fol- 
lowing up the road in quick march, our attention was suddenly arrested 
by a drawbridge, which being indicative of a fortified place, we suspected 
a guard-house to be close at hand, and were at first apprehensive of meet- 
ing with a serious impediment ; but observing the gates to be open, we 
concluded that those at the other extremity would be also open, and there- 
fore pushed forward. We drank at the pump, in the square, when it was 
recollected that this was the little town of St. Amand. Directing our 
course by the north star, which was occasionally visible, we passed through 
without seeing a creature. About an hour after, still continuing a steady 
pace, four stout fellows rushed out from behind a hedge, and demanded 
where we were going. Whitehurst and Mansell immediately ran up j and, 
as we had previously resolved never to be taken by equal numbers, eacl 
seized his pepper and his knife, in preparation for fight or flight, replying, 
in a haughty tone of defiance, ' What is that to you ? be careful how you 



COMMANDERS. 295 

interrupt military men :' then whispering, loud enough for them to hear, 
' la bayonette ;' upon which they dropt astern, though still keeping near 
us ; in the course of a quarter of an hour, on turning an angle of the road, 
we lost sight of them, and continued a rapid march, frequently running, 
until about five A.M., when we were unexpectedly stopped by the closed 
gates of a town. We retraced our steps a short distance, in the hope of 
discovering some other road ; but we could find neither a footpath, nor 
wood, nor any other place of concealment. We quitted the high-road, 
and drew towards a rising ground, there to wait the dawn of day, in the 
hope of retreating to some neighbouring copse; no sooner had we laid 
ourselves upon the ground, than sleep overcame us. Our intention was, 
if no wood could be seen, to go to an adjoining ploughed field, and there 
scratch a hole in which we could hide ourselves from a distant view. Upon 
awakening from a short slumber, we reconnoitred around, and found our 
position to be near a fortification ; being well acquainted with such places, 
we approached, in the hope of finding an asylum. At break of day, we 
descended into the ditch, and found the entrance into the subterraneous 
works of the covered way nearly all blocked up with ruins and bushes : an 
opening, however, was made, we crept in, our quarters were established, 
and th? rubbish and bushes replaced in the space of a few minutes. This 
most providential and pleasing discovery, added to our many narrow 
escapes from detection, excited a feeling of gratitude to that Omnipotent 
Being who, in his infinite mercy, had thus cast his protecting wings 
around us. 

" I have since heard, that the first intimation of our departure at Valen- 
ciennes was at dawn of day, when, on opening the north gate, the rope 
was seen suspended from the parapet. The roll to muster was instantly 
beaten, and the alarm given to the neighbouring peasantry by the firing of 
guns. The midshipmen, on whom suspicion first fell, were hurried into 
ranks, half-dressed ; and when the names of the absentees were called 
over, some one tauntingly replied, ' Parti pour V Angleterre ? This tone 
of triumph considerably exasperated the gens-d'armes, and inflamed the 
zeal of our pursuers ; it also might have had some influence in exciting the 
solicitude of the commandant for our apprehension. ****** The 
whole town was in confusion. All the bloody-minded rabble were let 
loose, with multifarious weapons, and carte blanche to massacrer these 
lawless aspirans. Besides which 500 of the garde nntionale were des- 
patched to scour all the woods within five leagues, and an additional 
reward of 300 livres was offered for the capture of each of us. The reason 
for limiting the search to that distance was a belief of the improbability of 
our having exceeded it, after the arduous task of undermining, &c. 

" But to proceed : we were totally unacquainted with the country ; an 
examination of the maps pointed out the place of our retreat to be the 
fortification of Tournay : the fallen ruins were the bed upon which fatigue 
and a confidence of security, procured us a sound and refreshing sleep. At 






296 COMMANDERS. 

three P.M. we enjoyed our dinner, notuithstanding the want of beverage ; for, 
upon examining the knapsacks, the flasks were found broken. Whitehurst, 
having lost his hat in descending the first rampart, was occupied in manu- 
facturing a cap from the skirts of his coat. It rained all the afternoon, 
and the weather in the evening getting worse, we were detained till about 
ten P. w., when, no prospect of its clearing up presenting itself, we 
quitted our comfortable abode, walked round the citadel, to the westward, 
over ploughed ground, until, coming to a turnip field, we regaled ourselves 
most sumptuously. By eleven, we had rounded the town and gained the 
north road. During the night we passed through several villages without 
seeing any one, and at six A.M. arrived at the suburbs of Courtray, expecting 
there to find as snug a retreat as the one we had left the preceding evening; 
but, to our mortification, the town was enclosed with wet ditches, which 
obliged us to seek safety elsewhere. Observing a farm house on the 
right, our steps were directed towards it, and thence through bye-lanes, 
until a mansion was discovered : this we approached, in the hope of finding 
an out-house which would afford us shelter for the day ; nothing of the 
kind could be seen ; but, not far distant, a thicket was descried, of about 
150 paces square, surrounded by a wet ditch, from fourteen to twenty feet 
wide : here then we determined to repose our wearied limbs, and, it being 
day-light, not a moment was to be lost. The opposite side of the narrow- 
est part of the ditch was one entire bed of brambles, and in the raidsl of 
these we were obliged to leap. Hunter, Mansell, and myself got over 
tolerably well ; but when Whitehurst made the attempt, stiff with wet and 
cold, and the bank giving way, from his great weight, he jumped into the 
water : it was with difficulty he could be extricated, and not without being 
dragged through the brambles, by which he was severely scratched. We 
lay ourselves down in the centre of this swampy thicket. The rain had 
continued without intermission from the time of our leaving Tournay, and 
notwithstanding it somewhat discommoded us, yet we were consoled by 
the additional security it afforded. This little island protected us till near 
dark, when we walked round it to find the easiest point of egress. From 
the torrents of rain that had fallen during the day, the ditches had become 
considerably wider, and there was only one opening in the bushes, whence 
a leap could be made. Of this, three of us profited ; the fourth obtained 
a passage by the aid of a decayed willow, which overhung the opposite 
bank." 

In this manner, and with a continuation of bad weather, 
our travellers pursued their course to Blankenberg, a village 
on the sea-coast, to the eastward of Ostend. On their ar- 
rival at the gates of Bruges (after passing through Haerlabeck 
and Deynse), they were all in a most deplorable condition 
wet to the skin, their feet bleeding, and so swollen, that they 



COMMANDERS. 297 

could scarcely walk at the rate of three miles an hour. Mr. 
Boys had also a tumour forming on his left side, which ob- 
liged him always to lie on the right, and proved the found- 
ation of a rheumatism, to which he has ever since been 
subject. 

" Near the gates," continues he, " we observed a public house, and 
having hitherto found such places to afford relief and safety, at this hour 
of the night, we entered, and saw nobody but an old woman and a servant : 
at first they appeared somewhat surprised, but asked no questions except 
such as regarded our wants, frequently exclaiming ' paitvres consents' 
We dried our clothes, when the sudden transition from cold to heat split 
Hunter's feet ; several of his nails also were loose, and \Vhitehurst had 
actually walked off two. The tire made us all so very sensitive, that we 
could scarcely bear our feet to the floor ; but found some relief by bathing 
them in oil : having, however, enjoyed a comfortable supper, we lay our- 
selves down, keeping watch in turn, until 4 A. M., when we paid the old 
woman and departed." 

Midway between Bruges and Blankenberg, Mr. Boys and 
his companions found a warm friend in Madame Deriske, 
landlady of the Raie-de-Chat, a solitary public house ; by 
whom they were long concealed, and ultimately enabled to 
escape. During the time they enjoyed her protection, Mr. 
Boys made no less than thirteen trips to the coast, hoping to 
procure a vessel of some kind ; but always without success. 
The last of these attempts may serve as a specimen of the 
whole. 

" On the night of the 4th Mar. 1809, finding several vessels nearly afloat, 
I returned to our party with the joyful information. Furnished with pro- 
visions and a lantern, we proceeded silently to the water's edge^ and jumped 
on board the easternmost vessel, in the pleasing confidence of having at 
length evaded the vigilance of the enemy, and of being on the eve of res- 
toration to our native soil. The wind was fresh and squally from the 
W. N. W., with a good deal of swell ; the moon, although only three days 
after the full, was so obscured by dark clouds, that the night was very 
favorable for our purpose. The vessel was moored by five hawsers ; two 
a-head, and three a-stern : it was arranged, that Whitehurst and Mansell 
should throw overboard the latter, Hunter and myself the former; this wa3 
preferred to cutting them. We had been so long in Flanders, and received 
such protection from the natives, that all harsh feeling which might have 
existed towards an enemy, was so mellowed into compassion for their suf- 
ferings mider the Corsican yoke, that we were unwilling 1 to injure one of 



298 COMMANDERS. 

them, and therefore had determined, if in our power, to send back the 
craft, which, being a fishing schuyt, might probably be the only support of 
an indigent family. Whilst Whitehurst and Mansell were executing the 
duty allotted to them, Hunter and myself got ready the foresail, and 
paid overboard one of the hawsers. The tide now rolled in, the vessel 
floated, and we hove her out to within about four fathoms of her buoy. 
Whitehurst and myself being ready to cut the other hawser, and hoist 
the sail, Hunter went to the helm, when he found the rudder was not 
shipped, but lying on the poop. We instantly ran aft, and got it 
over the stern ; but the vessel pitched so heavily, that it was not pos- 
sible to ship the lower pintle. We were now apprehensive of the 
total failure of the attempt j for to go to sea without a rudder would 
have been madness, and being nearly under the battery, we were in mo- 
mentary expectation of being fired into. - Several minutes were passed in 
this state of anxiety and danger, still persevering in the attempt to ship the 
rudder; but at length, finding it impossible, without a guide below, and 
feeling that our only hope was dependant upon the success of this important 
effort, in the excitement of the moment I jumped overboard; at the same 
instant the vessel springing a little a-head, and the sea washing me astern, 
it was not without the greatest exertion I could swim up to get hold of the 
stern post. Hunter, seeing that I was dashed from her by every wave, 
threw me a rope ; this I made fast round my waist, and then, with some 
trouble, succeeded in shipping the rudder. The effort of swimming and 
getting on board again, although assisted by my comrades, so completely 
exhausted me, that I lay on my back for some time, incapable of moving 
a limb : but at length, rallying, I went forward to help hoist the foresail, 
whilst Hunter cut the hawser, and then ran to the helm. The sail was no 
sooner up than the vessel sprang off, as if participating in our impatience, 
and glorying in our deliverance : such, however, is the uncertainty and 
vanity of all human projects, that at the very moment when we believed 
ourselves in the arms of liberty, and our feelings were worked up to the 
highest pitch of exultation, a violent shock suddenly arrested our progress. 
We flew aft, and found that a few fathoms of the starboard quarter hawser 
having been accidentally left on board, as it ran out, a kink was formed 
near the end, which, getting janabed between the head of the rudder and 
the stern-post, had brought the vessel up all standing : the knife was h 
stantly applied, but the hawser was so excessively taut and hard, that it 
was scarcely through one strand ere the increasing squall had swung her 
round off upon the beach. At this critical juncture, as the forlorn hope 
we jumped out- to seize another vessel, which was still afloat ; when Wir 
derkins,* seeing a body of men running upon the top of the sand-hills, ir 



* A man engaged by the landlady of the Raie-de-Chat to assist them it 

their escape. 

-...!,:. ttsw *.;,; . 



COMMANDERS. 299 

order to surround us, gave the alarm : we immediately made a resolute 
rush directly across, leaving our knapsacks, and every thing but the clothes 
on our backs, in the vessel ; the summit was gained just in time to slip 
over on the other side unseen. We ran along the hills towards Blanken- 
bcrg for about a hundred yards, when, mistaking a broad ditch for a road, 
I fell in, but scrambled out on the opposite side. Mansell, who was close 
at my heels, thinking that I had jumped in on purpose, followed; this 
obliged the others to jump also. Having regained the Raie-de-Chat, we 
related the heart-rending disaster to Madame Derikre. Fearing, from the 
many articles left in the vessel, that some of them would give a clue to our 
late abode, and be the means of causing a strict search, she was desired to 
destroy every thing that could lead to discovery, or suspicion ; then taking 
all the bread in the house, and leaving Mansell there, the rest immediately 
set out for a wood on the other side of Bruges, where we arrived a little 
before daylight.* 

" Not having had time to dry our clothes at the Raie-de-Chat, we were 
in a most deplorable state, shivering with cold, and wet to the skin ; the 
tails of our jackets solid boards of ice, and not a shoe amongst us worthy 
the name. In this wood we remained three days, each succeeding hour 
seeming to redouble the sufferings of the last." 

During the above period, the llaie- de-Chat was twice 
searched most minutely, by 36 gens-d'armes and police 
officers, but who, fortunately for Madame Derikre, found 
nothing to corroborate their suspicions. Speaking of his 
subsequent sojourn in another wood, about two miles to the 
eastward of that house, Mr. Boys says : 

" Soon after taking up this position, the weather became intensely cold ; 
and, literally clad in armour of ice, we lay listening to the whistling wind, 
and shivering with exposure to the chilling blast, which not only defied re- 
pose, but threatened the most calamitous effects : indeed, our limbs were 
sometimes so benumbed, that it became absolutely indispensable to shake 
and twist ourselves about, to promote the necessary circulation of the blood. 
Nor did there appear any prospect of the termination of this misery ; for, 
as the black and ponderous clouds passed swiftly over us, the wind increased, 
the hail beat furiously down, and the trees trembled, until the raging violence 
of the storm seemed to threaten the uprooting of the very wood we occu- 
pied. In this exposed situation, with variable though piercing cold weather, 
we remained until the 15th. * * * * Whitehurst now suffered so 
severely from illness, that doubts arose as to the possibility of his continuing' 
much longer in this state of exposure ; and, had not his complaint taken a 

* Mr. Mansell was then about to visit Bruges, disguised as a girl, and 
did not again join his fellow fugitives. 



300 COMMANDERS. 

favorable turn, his patience and fortitude must soon have yielded to stern 
and absolute necessity." 

About the end of March, the benevolent landlady learnt 
that Mr. Mansell had embarked for England, with a smug- 
gler : he soon afterwards died at sea. 

On the 1st April, Mr. Boys, disguised as a carpenter, ven- 
tured into Bruges, and happily succeeded in interesting 
another female in his behalf ; one whose influence with her 
husband, a " notaire publique," named Moitier, was of some 
importance. He subsequently obtained the loan of a pass- 
port belonging to one Auguste Crens Neirinks, a Flemish 
" chevalier d'industrie," and, accompanied by him and his 
sister, passed through Ghent, Brussels, Charleroi, and Namur, 
on his way to Givet, with the intention of making an effort to 
release Mr. Moyses. On his arrival in the vicinity of Dinant, 
however, he received information that that gentleman had 
been transferred to Bitche, for an offence similar to the one 
for which he himself was once " cachoted " at Valenciennes. 
Reluctantly abandoning his generous design, the impractica- 
bility of succeeding in which was but too evident, he re- 
turned to Bruges, remained there until the 29th of April, and 
then, under the guidance of Neirinks, proceeded with Messrs. 
Whitehurst and Hunter to the coast opposite Flushing. On 
the 8th of May, towards midnight, he had the happiness to 
find himself safe on board a small boat, in which he was 
conveyed to a fishing smack near the Goodwin Sands j and 
from the latter we find him landing at Dover, early in the 
morning of the 10th. 

On the day after his arrival in England, Mr. Boys waited 
upon the First Lord of the Admiralty, who was pleased to 
issue an order for his immediate examination, without wait- 
ing the usual period fixed for that purpose. On the 25th of 
the same month, he was appointed lieutenant of the Arachne 
sloop, Captain Samuel Chambers ; and on the 8th July, 1814, 
promoted from that vessel to the command of the Dunira, 1H. 
Shortly after joining the Arachne, and whilst attached to the 
Walcheren expedition, he had the good fortune to be instru- 
mental in affecting the escape from an hostile shore of his 



COMMANDERS. 301 

friends Ricketts and Rochfort. His narrative, written in the 
West Indies, in 1810, cannot fail to leave on the mind of the 
reader a strong impression of admiration at the energy, pa- 
tience, and perseverance of the author. 

In 1831, Commander Boys published " Remarks on the 
practicability and advantages of a SANDWICH or DOWNS 
HARBOUR." It is proposed by him, to make a cut for the said 
harbour in a direct line from the anchorage called the Small 
Downs, about a mile to the northward of Sandown Castle, to 
the river Stour at Sandwich, a little to the southward of a cut 
that has been commenced at some former period. We sin- 
cerely hope " that the plan will be taken up with that spirit, 
to which its superior claims, in a national point of view, so 
fully entitle it."* 



JOHN DAVY, ESQ. 

DISTINGUISHED himself as a midshipman at the attack, 
capture, and destruction of a French convoy, in the bay of 
Rosas, in the night of Oct. 31st, 1809.f He was made a 
lieutenant on the 15th Jan. 1810 j and promoted to the rank 
of commander, July 15th, 1814. 



CHARLES BERNHARD HARVEY, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant on the 13th Jan., 1803; and ad- 
vanced to the rank of commander, July 19th, 1814. 



HENRY PYNE, ESQ. 

OBTAINED his first commission on the 22d Jan., 1806, and 
was promoted to the rank of commander, July 19th, 1814, 
whilst serving under Captain the Hon. T, B. Capel, in La 



I 

* See Nautical Magazine for June, 1832, p. 205. 

t Sec f'uppl. Part III. p. 160. 



302 COMMANDERS. 

Hogue, 74. The exploit which led to his advancement is 
thus spoken of, by our trans-atlantic brethren, in the Connec- 
ticut Gazette, April 13, 1814: 

" It is with grief and mortification we perform the task of announcing to 
our readers, that on Friday morning last, four of the enemy's barges and 
two launches, commanded by Captain Richard Coote, of the brig Borer, 
with 200 men, proceeded up Connecticut river to Pettipague point, and 
destroyed upwards of twenty sail of vessels, without sustaining the loss of 
a single man. We have acertained, on the unfortunate spot, the following 
facts : 

" The boats first landed at Fort Saybrook, where they found neither men 
nor cannon ; from thence they proceeded to Pettipague point, landed by four 
o'clock in the morning, and were paraded in the principal street before -the 
least alarm was given. The inhabitants were, it may well be supposed, in 
great consternation : but Captain Coote informed them, that he was in 
sufficient force to effect the object of the expedition, which was to burn the 
vessels, and that if his party were not fired upon, no harm should fall upon 
the persons of the inhabitants, or the property unconnected with the ves- 
sels : and a mutual understanding of that purport was agreed to. 

"The enemy immediately after commenced the act of burning the vessels, 
and such as exposed the buiklings oh the wharfs they hauled into the stream ; 
a party of fourteen aasw were sent in the mean time a quarter of a mile 
above the point, who put fire to several vessels which were on the stocks. 
At 10 o'clock, they left the shore entirely, and took possession of a brig 
and schooner which were built for privateers. These they attempted to 
beat down the river ; but the brig getting on shore they burnt her, and the 
schooner was so light as to be unmanageable ; they continued in her and 
the boats alongside until dusk, when Lieutenant Bray, with a field-piece 
from Killingworth, commenced firing on them ; after the second shot they 
left the schooner, and took shelter under a small island opposite the point, 
and at half past eight, it being very dark, made their escape from the river. 

"Their conduct towards the inhabitants was unexceptionable, excepting 
that some cloths and plate were taken by a person supposed to be an Ame- 
rican, who, it was conjectured, acted as a pilot and guide, and had fre- 
quently been there with fish for sale j this wretch, without orders, destroyed 
a large new cable, by cutting it with an axe. 

" Notwithstanding the enemy were on shore at 4 o'clock in the morning, 
it was half-past 12 p. M. before the express arrived here with the 
information, although a report of the fact was brought by the stage at 1 1. 
Every exertion was immediately made to send a force sufficient for the ob- 
ject ; a body of marines from the squadron, a company of infantry frot 
Fort Trumbull, and a part of Captain French's militia company of artillery, 
with a field-piece, and a considerable number of volunteers, were soon in 
motion: a part of the marines and volunteers in carriages, and Capta 



COMMANDERS. 303 

French, with his detachment and field-piece, arrived at the river at 
4 o'clock ; at which time a respectable body of militia, infantry, and artil- 
lery, occupied the banks on both sides, in the momentary expectation that 
the enemy would attempt to descend. It \vas, however, soon perceived 
that it was not their intention to attempt going out before dark, and that 
the only chance of taking or destroying them was by a joint attack by land 
and water ; timely measures for this purpose were prevented by the want 
of water craft, a misfortune which could not be remedied in the very short 
period required. A strong fresh, an ebb tide, and thick mist, enabled the 
enemy to escape down the river, unheard and unseen, except by a very few, 
who commenced a fire, which was followed at random by many, who dis- 
cerned no object to direct their aim. The troops from the garrison, and 
marines on foot, did not arrive until the British had escaped. Thus ended 
an expedition, achieved with the smallest loss to the enemy, and the great- 
est in magnitude of damage, that has occurred on the seaboard since the 
commencement of the war." 

On this occasion, six ships, five brigs, seven schooners, 
nine sloops, a number of pleasure boats, a great quantity of 
naval stores, and several butts of rum, were destroyed. The 
escape of the British would have been next to a miracle, had 
not the Americans, by way of making sure to destroy them, 
injudiciously facilitated their retreat. At the narrow part of 
the river, where there are two juttings, they lighted immense 
fires, vis h vis : these beacons pointed out the fair way, and, 
added to a very dark night, enabled our countrymen to make 
good their retreat in safety ; whereas, had the Yankees 
lighted only one fire, and stationed a force opposite to it, the 
destruction of their assailants must have been inevitable. 

On the 14th April, 1814, the commander-iu-chief on the 
Halifax station addressed a letter to Captain Capel, of which 
the following is a copy : 

" Sir, I desire that you will convey to Captain Coote, and the officers, 
seamen, and marines, employed under his immediate command on the ex- 
pedition in the Connecticut river, that I view their conduct with admira- 
tion ; and that I shall feel much satisfaction in laying their merits before 
Che Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty. 

" The orderly and exemplary conduct of the men while on shore, parti- 
cularly with respect to their sobriety, has been a principal cause of saving 
nany valuable lives, and the return of the expedition with comparatively 
[!.' small a less * ; their conduct while on shore has drawn forth praise from 



* Two killed, two wounded. 



304 COMMANDERS. 

the enemy they assailed, who speak of their behaviour with gratitude, 
acknowledging that the destruction of the shipping was their only object, 
and that no sort of injury was done to their persons, or to their properties. 

(Signed) " ALEX. COCHRANE." 

Commander Pyne married, in 1812, Miss Louisa Law- 
rence, of College Square, Bristol. 



THOMAS AMBROSE EDWARDS, ESQ. 

OBTAINED a lieutenant's commission in June, 1809; a 
pension for wounds, Mar. 16th, 1811 ; and the rank of com- 
mander, July ]9th, 1814. He died in 1826. 



ANTHONY BLAGRAVE VALPY, ESQ. 

THIRD son of the Rev. Dr. Valpy ; was made a lieutenant 
on the llth Oct. 1811 ; and appointed acting captain of the 
Apollo frigate, July 19th, 1814; from which date he takes 
rank as commander. He married, Dec. 13th, 1818, Anna, 
daughter of Robert Harris, Esq. banker, and, at that time, 
mayor of Reading, co. Berks. , 



CHARLES HUTCHINSON, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant on the 16th April, 1807 ; promoted 
to his present rank July 21st, 1814; and appointed an in- 
specting commander, in the coast guard service, July 6th, 
1831. 



CHARLES GREENE, ESQ. 

Is a son of the Rev. Dr. Greene. He passed his examiiu 
tion in Sept. 1809 ; obtained the rank of lieutenant on the 4t 
May, 1810 ; and was subsequently appointed third of the Lau- 
rel frigate, Captain Samuel Campbell Rowley 5 in which shif 
he had the misfortune to be wrecked on the Govivas, a smj 
sunken rock, in the Teigneuse passage, near Quiberon, Jai 



COMMANDERS. 



305 



31st, 1812*. Shortly after his return from French prison, 
he was advanced to the rank of commander, by commission 
dated July 23d, 1814. 



WILLIAM HIRD, ESQ. 

OBTAINED his first commission in Jan. 1J96 ; commanded 
the Ant schooner, previous to the peace of Amiens j and subse- 
quently served for several years as flag-lieutenant to the late 
Vice-Admiral Pickmore : his promotion to the rank of com- 
mander took place on the 29th July, 1814. 



WILLIAM HALL, ESQ. 

SERVED as midshipman under Captain (now Sir Richard 
G.) Keats, in the Boadicea frigate ; obtained the rank of lieu- 
tenant on the 1st May, 1807; and commanded the Bouncer 
gun-vessel, under the orders of the same distinguished officer, 
at the defence of Cadiz ; during which arduous service he ap- 
pears to have been badly wounded f. He was promoted from 
the Bellerophon 74, (bearing the flag of Vice-Admiral Keats, 
on the Newfoundland station) to the command of the Sabine 
sloop, July 29th, 1814. He married, in 1816, Ann, youngest 
daughter of Peter Churchill, of Dawlish, co. Devon, .Esq. 



CHARLES PEARSON, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant on the 8th of Nov. 1808; and 
served as second of the Phoebe frigate, Captain James 
Hillyar, at the capture of the United States' ship Essex, 
March 28th, 1814 J. On this occasion, his gallant captain 
wrote to the Admiralty as follows: 

"I have to lament the death of four of my brave companions, and 
with real sorrow I add, that my first lieutenant, William Ingram, is among 
the number; he fell early, and is a great loss to His Majesty's service. 
* * * Our lists of wounded are small, and there is only one for whom. 
I am under any anxiety. * * * * I feel it a pleasant duty to recom- 
mend to their lordships' notice my now senior lieutenant, Pearson." 

* See Vol. II. Part II. p. 683 et seq. 

f See Vol. III. Part I. pp. 13] and 134. 

J See Vol. II. Part II. p. 861 etseq. 

VOL, IV. PART I. X 



306 COMMANDERS. 

The Essex, although much injured in her upper works, 
was not in such a state as to give the slightest cause of 
alarm respecting her ability to perform a voyage from the 
South Seas to Europe, with perfect safety. She was there- 
fore placed under the command of Lieutenant Pearson, 
whom we find arriving at Plymouth, in company with the 
Phoebe, on the 13th Nov. following. His promotion to the 
rank of commander took place July 29th, 1814. 

This officer is now employed in the coast-guard service, to 
which he was appointed on the 6th July, 1830. He married, 
Jan. 3d, 1826, Maria, daughter of the late J. Sayers, of 
North Yarmouth, Esq. 



FRANCIS CHARLES ANNESLEY, ESQ.- 

Is, we believe, a son of retired Commander the Hon. 
F. C. Annesley, and related to the noble Irish family of the 
same name. He was born at Castle Wellan, co. Down, Ire- 
land, Dec. 31st, 1787; and entered the royal navy, as mid- 
shipman on board the Greyhound frigate, Captain (now Sir 
Richard) Lee, in Jan. 1798. He subsequently served under 
Captains John Smith, William Luldn (now Windham), and 
Askew Paffard Hollis, in the America 64 and Thames frigate, 
on the North Sea, Channel, and Cadiz stations. The latter 
ship formed part of the squadron under Sir James Saumarez, 
at the destruction of two Spanish three-deckers and capture 
of a French 74, in the Gut of Gibraltar, July 13th. 1801 ; and 
was paid off in 1802. 

We next find Mr. Annesley in the Vestal 28 ; afterwards 
in the Argo 44 ; and in 1806 and the following year, acting 
as lieutenant of the Arab 22, Captain Keith Maxwell. He 
passed his examination in Dec. 1807 j obtained a commission 
on the 14th Jan. following ; frequently distinguished him- 
self whilst serving as second lieutenant of the Pilot sloop, on 
the Mediterranean station* ; and was promoted to the com- 
mand of the Heron sloop, July 30th, 1814. 

See Snppl. Part. IV, pp. 5665. 



COMMANDERS. 307 

JOHN DUNDAS COCHRANE, ESQ. 

SON of the Hon. Cochrane Johnstone, by Lady Georgiana, 
a daughter of James, third Earl of Hopetoun. 

This officer was at the battle of St. Domingo, in Feb. 1 806 ; 
and afterwards served as midshipman on board the Ethalion 
frigate, commanded by his first cousin, Captain (now Sir 
Thomas J.) Cochrane : he obtained a lieutenant's commis- 
sion, in Feb. 1811 ; and was promoted to the rank of com- 
mander, on the 15th Aug. 1814. After the conclusion of 
a general peace, we find him perambulating a great part 
of France, and every province of Spain and Portugal. In the 
beginning of 1820, finding that he was not likely to be 
employed afloat, and evidently possessing no little share of 
that spirit of eccentricity and enterprise so strongly developed 
in his family, he volunteered to undertake a journey into the 
interior of Africa, to explore the source of the Niger. In 
order to accomplish this object, he not only prepared to 
assume the character of a mahomedan, but had even resolved 
to sell himself as a slave to one of the owners of caravans, 
travelling in that country, the grave of European endeavour. 

The Board of Admiralty being unfavourable to this plan, 
Commander Cochrane next turned his attention to Russia, 
Siberian Tartary, the Frozen Sea, Kamschatka, &c., and soon 
determined upon travelling round the globe, as nearly as can 
be done by land ; crossing from Northern Asia to America, 
at Behring's Straits : he also resolved to perform the journey 
on foot, his finances allowing of no other mode. 

Having obtained two years' leave of absence, he filled his 
knapsack with such articles as he considered requisite to 
enable him to wander through the wilds, deserts, and forests 
of three quarters of the globe; then quitted London, and 
proceeded with all possible speed to St. Petersburg ; where, 
through the recommendation of his friend, Sir Robert Kerr 
Porter, his proposed exploit obtained higher countenance 
than could have been anticipated. Not only was he furnished 
with the customary passport, but also with a secret letter to 
the governor-general of Siberia, and open instructions to 
the civil governors and police, " of all the towns and pro- 

x 2 



308 COMMANDERS. 

vinces lying in his track, from St. Petersburg to Kam- 
schatka, to aid him, as far as possible, to proceed on his 
journey without interruption ; to afford him lawful defence 
and protection j and in case of necessity, to render him 
pecuniary assistance." 

On the 24th May, 1820, Commander Cochrane fairly 
commenced his stupendous undertaking ; but he had not 
proceeded very far from St. Petersburg on his way to 
Muscovy, before he suffered a greater misfortune than after- 
wards befel him in routes of 10,000 miles among reputed 
savages. He thus relates it in his published narrative: 

"My route was towards Liubane, at about the ninth raile-stone from which 
I sat down to smoke a segar or pipe, as fancy might dictate, when I was 
suddenly seized from behind, by two ruffians, whose visages were as much 
concealed as the oddness of their dress would permit. One of them, who 
held an iron bar in his hand, dragged me by the collar towards the forest, 
while the other, with a bayoneted musket, pushed me on, in such a manner 
as to make me move with more than ordinary celerity ; while a boy, auxili- 
ary to these vagabonds, was stationed on the road-side, to keep a look out. 

" We had got some sixty or eighty paces into the thickest part of the 
forest, when 1 was desired to undress ; and having stript off my trowsers 
and jacket, then my shirt, and, finally, my shoes and stockings, they pro- 
ceeded to tie me to a tree. From this ceremony and from the manner of 
it, I fully concluded that they intended to try the effect of a musket upon 
me, by firing at me as they would at a mark. I was, however, reserved 
for fresh scenes: the villains with much sang fruid seated themselves at 
my feet, and rifled my knapsack and pockets, even cutting out the linings 
of the clothes in search of bank-bills, or some other valuable articles. 
They then compelled me to take at least a pound of black bread, and a 
glass of rum poured from a small flask, which had been suspended from 
my neck. Having appropriated my trowsers, shirt, stockings, and shoes ; 
as also my spectacles, watch, compass, thermometer, and small pocket 
sextant, with one hundred and sixty roubles, they at length released me 
from the tree, and at the point of a stiletto, made me swear that I would 
not inform against them, such, at least, I conjectured to be their mean- 
ing, though of their language I understood not a word. 

" Having received my promise, I was again treated to bread and rum, 
and once more fastened to the tree, in which condition they finally 
abandoned me. Not long after, a boy who was passing heard my cries, 
and set me at liberty. I did not doubt he was sent by ray late companions 
upon so considerate an errand, and felt so far grateful : though it might 
require something more than common charity to forgive their depriving 
me of my shirt and trowsers, and leaving me almost as naked as I came 
into the world. 



COMMANDERS. 309 

"To pursue my route, or return to Tzarako Selo would, indeed, be 
alike indecent and ridiculous ; but, being so, and there being no remedy, I 
made therefore ' forward' the order of the day; having first, with the 
remnant of my apparel, rigged myself <l I'Eeossoise, I resumed my route. 
I had still left me a blue jacket, a flannel waistcoat, and a spare one, which 
I tied round my waist in such a manner, that it reached down to the knees : 
my empty knapsack was restored to its old place, and I trotted on with 
even a merry heart." 

Notwithstanding this untoward accident, Commander 
Cochrane's ardour was by no means abated ; for he still 
pursued his perilous journey ; passed in safety the mighty 
barriers, called the Ural Chain, which divide Europe from 
Asia ; and then proceeded onward to Malaya-Narymka, the 
last spot on the frontier of Russian Siberia. Here he forded a 
little stream which forms the actual line of demarcation on 
the Chinese and Russian dominions ; and according to his 
narrative, seating himself on a stone on the left bank, *' was 
soon lost in a reverie." " It was about midnight," says he, 
" the moon apparently full, was near her meridian, and 
seemed to encourage a pensive inclination. What can 
surpass that scene I know not. Some of the loftiest granite 
mountains spreading in various directions, enclosing some of 
the most luxurious valleys in the world } yet all deserted ! 
all this fair and fertile tract abandoned to wild beasts, merely 
to constitute a neutral territory !" 

At Barnaouli, Commander Cochrane met with an en- 
lightened statesman of the name of Speranski, lately sent 
from Russia with a view to correct abuses of administration 

I 

in the distant provinces of Siberia. " Of his personal at- 
tentions to me," says our traveller, " 1 shall ever feel proud 
and grateful. He had at first taken me for a Raskolnick*, 
from my long beard, and longer golden locks ; notwithstand- 
ing I wore at the same time a long swaddling grey nankeen 
coat, and a silken sash round my waist ; but indeed so great a 
buck had I become of late, that I hardly knew myself." 

General Speranski, with the same discrimination which 
qualified him to correct public abuses, fixed on Commander 
Cochrane, as a suitable person, to join in the expedition o 1 
discovery, then fitting out on the Kolyma river, to determin ^ 

* A seceder from the Greek church. 



310 COMMANDERS. 

the position and extent of Shelatskoi Noss, commonly called 
the N.E. Cape. Accordingly, he furnished him with a com- 
mission for this purpose, with instructions to proceed to 
Nishney Kolymsk, where the expedition was preparing under 
Baron Wrange'l. Barnaouli, it should be observed, is in lat. 
53 N., long. 84 E., and Nishney Kolymsk in lat. 68 N., 
long. 164 E. ; consequently, in this commission, General 
Speranski appears to have afforded complete indulgence to 
the travelling propensities of his new English acquaintance 
from whose narrative we make the following extract : 

" We reached fifty-five miles with the same dogs, and put up for the 
night at a Yukagir hut. Resumed next morning with increased cold, 
though calm weather, and reached Nishney Kolyuisk at noon, amid 42 of 
frost, according to many spirit thermometers of Baron Wrange*ls, on the 31st 
Dec. 1820, after a most tedious, laborious, and to me perilous journey of 
sixty-one days, twenty of which were passed in the snow, without even the 
comfort of a blanket j nor had I even a second coat, or parka, nor even a 
second pair of boots, and less clothing than even the guides and attendants 
of the poorest class. I could not therefore but feel grateful for my safe 
arrival at such a season of the year, in such intense cold, and with only 
the upper part of my nose at all injured. I met, at Nishney Kolymsk, the 
baron and a midshipman. It was the last day of the old year ; and in the 
present enjoyment of a moderate meal, a hearty welcome, and excellent 
friends, I soon forgot the past, and felt little concern for the future. 
Quarters were appropriated to me in the baron's own house ; and with 
him, on the shores of the Frozen Sea, I enjoyed health and every comfort 
I could desire." 

Commander Cochrane next proceeded to the country of 
the Tchuktchi, a people inhabiting the tract which forms the 
north-eastern corner of Asia ; his account of whom is one 
of the most interesting portions of his narrative. From 
thence he returned to Kolymsk, and ultimately pursued .his 
journey, by Omekon, and across the sea of Okotsk, to St. 
Peter and St. Paul, in Kamschatka, where it was his happy 
fortune to centre his hitherto rambling affections in an amiable 
native lady, to whom he was united on the 8th Jan. 1822. 
After making a tour of pleasure through the Kamschatdale 
peninsula, he became fully aware of the impracticability of 
following up his original plan. In July, 1822, he sailed for 
Okotsk j and from that post, actually travelled with his bride 
across Siberia to St. Petersburg. On repassing the Ural 



COMMANDERS. 311 

mountains, he makes the following observations, as a sum- 
mary of his experience : 

" At break of day I was on the highest peak of the Ural mountain pass, 
and could not help stopping to take a last view of Asia, the forced resi- 
dence of many dear ami valued friends, as also the abode of others whom 
I much esteem. Though it is, generally speaking, tke land of the exile, 
it is rather the land of the unfortunate than of ttie criminal. It is the want 
of education, which, begetting a looseness of morals, plunges these unfor- 
tunates into eiror. The thinness of population in Siberia, is a ready reason 
to account for the facility with which a person is exiled. Of real criminals 
there are not so many as is imagined, as by the report of Nertchinsk it 
appears, that but two thousand five hundred criminals are employed in the 
mines. It is not every man who is sent to Botany Bay that ought to be 
termed a criminal; nor is every oae who is exiled to Siberia. It may be 
safely said that all the most hardened criminals who are banished for life, 
are at Nertchinsk and Okotsk ; at least there are very few exceptions, and 
I believe their whole number does not exceed three thousand, while the 
number of exiles sent for a limited period, annually amount to at least one 
half that number. As to the education and moral habits of the natives of 
Siberia, they are certainly equal, if not superior in these respects, to that 
of the European Russians. They have not the same incitement, uor the 
same means of committing crimes. The whole population does not exceed 
two millions and a half, about one half of which are aborigines, scattered 
over a tract of country which gives to each person three square miles. 
Provisions and cfothiug are cheap, taxes are not known, the climate is 
healthy and what can man more desire? I looked again to the East, 
and bade adieu, thankful for the many marks of esteem and kindness I 
had received from the hands of its hospitable people. 

" Descending the western branch of the Ural Mountains, I soon found iny- 
self again in Europe : the land of malt, the fire-side home, again had charms 
for the traveller. The sensations I experienced upon quitting the most 
favoured quarter of the globe, were nothing when compared to the present. 
Then I thought I was going only to the abode of misery, vice, and cruelty, 
while now I knew 1 had come from that of humanity, hospitality, and kind- 
ness. I looked back to the hills, which are, as it were, the barrier between 
virtue and vice, but felt, in spite of it, a desire te return and end my days 
there. And so strong is still that desire, that I should not hesitate to bid 
adieu to politics, war, and other refined pursuits, to enjoy, in Siberia, those 
comforts which may be had without fear of foreign or domestic disturbance. 

" In the evening of my entry into Europe, I reached the village of Bissert- 
skaya Krepost, situate on the Bissert stream. The road was bad, and over 
a hilly country, nor was my dissatisfaction at all allayed by the conduct of 
the Pennians. Inhospitality, incivility, and general distrust every where 
prevailed, and influenced the conduct of the inhabitants; even the last 
copeck is insisted upon in payment for the horses, before they are per- 
mitted to commence the journey ; a circumstance which, in many cases, 



312 COMMANDERS. 

occasions much inconvenience and loss of time. In Siberia, the traveller 
may pay forward or backward three or four stations, and every sort of ac- 
commodation is given." 

After passing some time in England, this persevering and 
astonishing pedestrian sailed for South America, where he 
embarked largely in mining speculations, and died on the 
12th of August, 1825. 

JOHN CHARLES SYMONDS, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in August, 1807, and commander 
on the 16th of August, 1814. 

THOMAS WILSON, ESQ. 

WAS of a Chichester family. He served as midshipman 
under Captain Charles Elphinstone, on the East India sta- 
tion ; as second lieutenant of the Milford 74, Captain (now 
Sir Henry W.) Bayntun, attached to the Channel fleet; and 
as flag-lieutenant to Sir Edward Pellew, during his command 
of the Mediterranean fleet. This officer's first commission 
bears date July 6th, 1811. He obtained the rank of com- 
mander, Aug. 26th, 1814 ; and was appointed to the Martin 
20, fitting out for the East Indies, Feb. 19th, 1825. He 
perished with all his crew in 1827. 



JOHN DEBENHAM, ESQ. 

WAS born in 1772; and commenced his career in the 
royal navy, Nov. 3d, 1788. Previous to the French revolu- 
tionary war, he served under Captains Isaac George Manley, 
Thomas Spry, George Roberts, and Thomas Troubridge, in 
the Fairy and Discovery sloops, aud Thames frigate, on the 
African, Leeward Islands, Home, and East India stations. In 
the latter ship, he visited China, and was present at 
capture of Tippoo Saib's " Fortified Island," close to Onore, 
on the coast of Malabar. 

We next find Mr. Debenham serving on board the Duke 
98, bearing the broad pendant of Commodore George Murray, 
and attached to the squadron under Rear-Admiral Gardner . 
at th e unsuccessful attack upon Martinique, in June 1793* 

* See Vol. I. Part I. p. 40*. 



COMMANDERS. 313 

He afterwards joined the Glory 98, and behaved with dis- 
tinguished bravery, under the command of Capt. John Elphin- 
stone, at the memorable battle of June 1st, 1794*. From that 
ship he was removed into the Prince of Wales 98, bearing the 
flag of Rear-Admiral Henry Harvey, in which he assisted at 
the capture of three French two-deckers, by the fleet un- 
der Lord Bridport, near 1'Orient, June 23rd, 1795f. His 
extraordinary good conduct while on board one of these ships, 
having been duly represented by the prize-master, Lieutenant 
now superannuated Rear-Admiral Alexander Wilson, ob- 
tained him the patronage of the rear-admiral, by whom he 
was immediately ordered to be rated master's mate ; and in 
the following year presented with a commission, appointing 
him to the Invincible 74, Capt. William Cayley, on the 
Leeward Islands station . In her he bore a part in an at- 
tack upon some shipping under the batteries of St. Eustatius, 
and also at the subsequent reduction of Trinidad . 

Previous to Mr. Debenham's promotion, the In vincible had 
lost several commissioned officers and half her crew, by 
yellow fever. His exertions, in supporting the discipline 
of the ship, particularly in preventing drunkenness, and not 
allowing the men to sleep in the open air, appears to have 
given great offence, and caused them to clamour much against 
him; which coming to the knowledge of Lord Camelford, then 
commanding the Favorite sloop, induced that officer to invite 
him to become his first lieutenant !|. He accordingly joined 
that vessel in the spring of 1798, and continued in her, on 
the West India and North Sea stations, until June 1800 ; the 
latter part of the said time under the command of Captain 
Joseph Westbeach. The opinion entertained of him by the 
above nobleman will be seen by the following, dated Dec. 
6th, 1799. 

" Dear Debenham, Captain Manby, whose character I have already 
sufficiently delineated to you, wishes you to leave the Favorite and come to 
town, when I shall be very happy to make you acquainted over a plain 
pudding dinner. Lose no time in getting clear of the ship, as the Bourde- 



* See Vol. I. Part I. pp. 7579. f See Id. p. 246. et seq. 

\ See Addenda flg~ See Vol. I. Part. I. p. 112. || See Addenda 
I 






314 COMMANDERS. 

lais will soon be ready to receive your active exertions. Your true friend 
and bumble servant, (Signed) " CAMELFORD*." 

Lieut. Debenham'a next appointment was to the Formid- 
able 98, in which ship he served, under Captains Edward 
Thornbrough and Richard Grindall, on the Channel and 
West India stations, from Aug. 1800 until Oct. 1802. The 
following testimonial was granted to him by the former ex- 
cellent officer : 

" These are to certify the Right Honorable the Lords Commissioners of 
the Admiralty, that Lieutenant John Debenliam served under my command, 
on board the Formidable, and always conducted himself in an officer and 
gentleman-like manner, and very much to my satisfaction. 

(Signed) " EDWARD THORNBROUGH." 

In 1805, Mr. Debenham was first lieutenant of the Devas- 
tation bomb, on the Downs station, and present in several 
actions with the enemy's flotilla, collected for the invasion of 
England. In 1806 and 180J, he commanded the Furious gun- 
brig, and displayed great vigilance in blockading Calais, Ostend, 
and the intermediate ports. Whilst thus employed, he cut out 
a vessel from under the batteries on Calais cliff j and after- 
wards drove a smuggler ashore near Dunkirk, where he landed 
and took possession of her under a heavy fire from a battery 
near at hand, with the soldiers belonging to which, who, when 
their guns would no longer bear upon him, came out to drive 
him away, he maintained a contest until some horse- artillery 
were seen advancing from Nieuport. He subsequently made 
an attack upon several vessels of the same description at an- 
chor under the two batteries of Nieuport haven, and perse- 
vered in endeavouring to capture them until his boat's mast 
was shot away. It is proper to state, that these several at- 
tacks were conducted by himself in a six-oared boat, unsup- 
ported by any other, and in the open day. 

In addition to the above services, the active commander of 
the Furious saved several British merchant vessels from fall- 
ing into the hands of the enemy ; retook a transport full of 
horses, close in with Dunkirk ; and captured several Danish 
and other merchantmen. 

In Dec. 1807, having received a violent contusion of the 
foot, and had three of his toes dislocated, by the firing 



See Addenda 



COMMANDERS^ 315 

of a gun, Lieutenant Debenham was obliged to' resign the 
command of the Furious, and from that period to use crutches, 
until Aug. 1808. He then obtained employment as an agent 
of transports, in which capacity he was present at the battle 
of Corunna, and subsequent reduction of VValcheren. During 
the embarkation of Sir John Moore's gallant army, he saved 
from destruction several transports, which, being under the 
fire of the enemy's artillery, would, but for his exertions, have 
been lost on the rocks or set on fire, in the confusion which 
then existed. 

Jn Feb. 1810, Lieutenant Debenham was appointed to the 
command of the Deptford tender, employed between Limerick 
and Plymouth, under the orders of Captain James Murray 
Northey, regulating officer at the former port, who bears 
strong testimony to his exemplary conduct on every occasion, 
during a period of nearly two years and a half. His last 
appointment was, in June, 1813, to be an agent of transports 
employed on the north coast of Spain, where he continued 
until Oct. 1814. The important services which he there 
performed are thus detailed by himself in two memorials, one 
presented to our late sovereign in July 1819, the other to his 
illustrious brother the Lord High Admiral, April 21st, 1828. 

" While on this duty, he was employed in such a manner as can hardly 
fall to the lot of any other officer belonging to the transport department; 
for he was entrusted with the superintendence of two stations at a distance 
of eighteen miles asunder, and without the aid of any immediate superior to 
whom he might apply, or martial law to intimidate those with whom he had 
to deal, or even so much as a boat's crew whom he could at any time call 
together : he had to compel the refractory, to encourage the diffident, to 
stimulate the idle, and to instruct the ignorant masters of transports in 
duties to which they were not only adverse, but which were both difficult 
and dangerous in themselves : and often to incur a personal responsibility 
which he might easily have avoided, and from the consequences of which 
he might have expected to be involved in ruinous law-suits, had the result 
been different to what he contemplated ; but from which responsibility, if he 
had shrunk back, the public service would have been very materially hindered. 

" As a proof of which, he will mention his having, in the middle of a 
stormy night, gone about to press men, with whose aid he removed a large 
Swedish ship which had anchored, where, had she continued only one hour 
longer, she would have lain aground ten days, and most effectually blocked 
up the mouth of the haven of Socoa, from whence the military supplies for 
the siege of Bayonne were furnished ; he was obliged to remove her to a 



316 COiMMANDERS. 

situation of comparative danger, and this he did by mere force, notwith- 
standing 1 the protestations of the master, and the remonstrances of the 
commissariat. 

" In the month of February, 1814, he was at St. Jean de Luz with a 
division of transports, and directed by Rear-Admiral Penrose to procure as 
many volunteer seamen as he could from among them, for the pur- 
pose of entering the Adour, of establishing a bridge across that river, and 
of co-operating with a division of the army under General Sir John Hope, 
in commencing'the siege of Bayonne *. He accordingly procured as great 
a number of volunteers as he was able, and delivered them to the proper 
officer, who, in the flotilla under Rear-Admiral Penrose, sailed on the even- 
ing of the 22d, leaving your memorialist, the only naval officer at Socoa, or 
indeed nearer to the enemy than Passages. 

" Through the night of the 22d, and during the day of the 23d, owing 
to calms, and a itrong adverse current, the flotilla, instead of advancing any 
thing towards the Adour, had been drifted to leeward as far as Fontarabia, 
and as the night of the 23d set in there was no appearance that any part 
thereof would be able to regain the ground it had lost . It is needful to 
mention these circumstances, as they explain the nature of an important 
document herewith respectfully submitted. 

" About ten of the same night, as your memoralist was about to He 
down, very much fatigued with the duties of the day, a dragoon arrived 
bringing a letter from Sir John Hope to Rear Admiral Penrose, then at 
sea, and another from Colonel (now Sir Home) Elphinstone, the command- 
ing officer of engineers to your memorialist, stating that the army had 
advanced upon the Adour, and had obtained possession of both its banks ; 
but that from the non-arrival of the flotilla, or any naval assistance, the 
greatest difficulty had been found in crossing over the troops and stores 
necessary ; that from the strength of the tide it was found quite impracti- 
cable, without naval aid, to transport horses, artillery, &c. ; that such of the 
troops as had crossed in pontoons were in the greatest danger of being taken, 
if they could not be timely supported ; and requesting your memorialist, as 
an affair of the greatest consequence, to send every boat and seaman he 
could possibly spare, to their assistance immediately. 

" Your memorialist instantly repaired to Colonel Elphinstone (who had 
been himself despatched by Sir John Hope, to procure and to hasten the 
above) through a road the enemy had spoiled, great heaps of stones in some 
places, in others up to the calves of his legs in mud, noisome with the car- 
cases of cattle which had fallen down and expired under their burthens ; the 
night pitch-dark ; the distance a mile ; his object to gain information as to the 
entrance of the Adour ; but could obtain none on that subject : he however 
assured the colonel he would, without fail, be on the spot by day-light, with 
all the assistance he could possibly bring. 

" Returning through the same road, he went from ship to ship to collect 
men ; the transports were small, and their complements few. By their help, 

* See Suppl. Part. II. pp. 277286. 



COMMANDERS. 317 

and by the light of lanthorns, he dragged his boat over a long flat of oaze, in 
which his feet sank at every step, the tide being out. 

" He embarked about midnight in his boat, with as many men as she 
could well contain, to proceed on his way to the Adour, being about 
eighteen miles distant, on the open sea, at that time running high; and ex- 
pecting the enemy would not suffer him to proceed unmolested, he pro- 
vided himself with a number of bottle corks, to stop up any holes in the 
boat their small shot might make his only defence. 

" He arrived before day-break at a place, which from the soldiers' fires, 
as he afterwards found them to be, had well nigh proved fatal to him ; for 
here he got suddenly entangled with a very heavy surf. Having extricated 
himself, he lay to till day-light, supposing he could not be far from the place 
where he was wanted. 

" As the day broke, he perceived the surf, of amazing height and of 
vast breadth ; so that the low part of the land could not at all be seen. 
He also observed in the offing, Rear-Admiral Penrose and the flotilla ; the 
wind having favored them in the night. 

" He repaired on board the rear-admiral, delivered the letter from 
Colonel Elphiustone, and obtained permission to fulfil the engagement he 
had made with that officer. By this time the signal for attempting the 
passage was flying, and Captain Dowell O'Reilly, of the Lyra sloop, 
having with him a Spanish pilot and a number of boats, had advanced 
towards the mouth of the river, where he was reconnoitring at the back 
of the heavy surf. 

"Stimulated by the known necessities of the troops, as well as by the 
promise he had made, and apprehensive lest the tide would soon be too 
far spent, your memorialist proceeded onwards, passed by those boats, 
and soon arrived at a spot from whence it would have been impossible to 
return ; nor, indeed, had he any such desire. Feeling it absolutely neces- 
sary to go on, he mentally commended himself to the Almighty, encou- 
raged his men with his voice, waved his hat with one hand, and with the 
other steered his little and deeply laden boat, which, urged with the utmost 
force of oars and sails, and borne on the top of several enormous waves, 
each of which broke under her, seemed to fly along. As he cheered, the 
strength of his men seemed redoubled. Suddenly he perceived that he 
was running upon a spit of sand, which jutted out into the river, and, 
though surprised, he instantly gave the necessary orders for beaching, 
which were as promptly obeyed; a heavy wave now threw the boat upon 
the bank, and retiring, left her nearly dry ; still he kept the men fast in 
their places, till a succession of similar waves had carried the boat into 
further security: he then made them jump out, and by the help of the 
still coming water, drag her upon the sand : he would not himself quit 
the boat till this was effected, lest his men should slacken in their endea- 
vours, as every thing appeared to depend on their exertions. 

" Captain O'Reilly, who followed immediately after him in a larger and 






318 COMMANDERS. 

much better boat, was upset, his l>oat stove, himself much hurt, five of his 
men drowned, and he himself and several, your memorialist believes all, 
the survivors of his crew, dragged out of the water by him and his people. 
If any other boat at that time followed, it was swallowed up. 

" Taking his masts and oars for rollers, your memorialist then launched 
his boat over the sand into the river, and proceeded to where the assembled 
officers and soldiers were in crowds witnessing the scene. He immediately 
began to cross troops over the river; and also to construct a raft for 
a similar purpose. After Captain O'Reilly's disaster, no other attempts at 
entrance were made till the afternoon, when the attempt was renewed, and 
with ultimate success, but not without considerable loss, by the upsetting 
of boats, and even of decked vessels. Every open boat which attempted 
the passage was upset, your memorialist's alone excepted, whatever was 
its size, whether larger or smaller than his. 

" Upon the renewal of the attempt at entrance, your memorialist 
discontinued the transportation of troops, in which he was engaged, and 
went down in his boat to the inner edge of the breakers on the bar of the 
river, endeavouring to render what assistance he could : here he saved se- 
veral of those who were upset ; no other boat, person, or other kind of 
human assistance whatever, was in attendance. 

" Having constructed his raft before the establishment of the bridge, he 
crossed over cavalry, about sixteen horses with their riders, complete for 
service, at a time, cannon, waggons, soldiers, whatever indeed was 
brought to him, making about ten trips a day. The Adour, where this 
took place, is about as wide as the Thames at London Bridge ; and the tide 
as rapid as in the latter river, a little below the fall of the said bridge. 
This rapidity it was which foiled the engineers, though aided by a brigade 
of Portuguese marine. Your memorialist, however, surmounted the 
difficulty ; and during three days, this transportation, as to any thing 
heavy, was .performed almost exclusively by him and his boat's crew, 
aided by some soldiers. On the third day, a large and well-constructed 
raft by Major Tod, of the royal engineers, was sent him ; on this he 
crossed over six pieces of battering cannon, complete for service ; he also, 
at the pressing instance of Colonel (now .Sir Colin) Campbell, aide-de- 
camp to the Marquis of Wellington, crossed over in safety, during a furious 
storm, the travelling and another carriage belonging to his lordship ; for 
which the colonel returned him thanks in the handsomest terms. 

" He continued upon this service during a week ; for not till then 
the bridge, and the quay and wharf belonging to it, fit to bear heavy car- 
riages ; and when his labors for the day were concluded, which they never 
were while he had strength to stand, he then went on board a vessel, where 
he had to sleep in his clothes upon the deck, wrapped up in a sail. Pre- 
vious to his quitting the Adour, he received the personal thanks of Sir 
John Hope and Rear- Admiral Penrose ; by whom, in public despatches, 
he was strongly recommended to their respective comuianders-in-chief, 
the Marquis of Wellington and Viscount Keith. 



COMMANDERS. 319 

" He returned by land, through a violent storm and incessant rain, to 
St. Jean de Luz, in order to attend his charge at that place; and shortly 
afterwards, he had the happiness there to save from the most imminent 
danger of shipwreck, several transports, by going on board of them in the 
midst of a heavy gale, supplying as many of them as he could with pilots, 
and giving the others directions for crossing the bar. He subsequently 
saved a transport which had grounded on the bar of the Adour, and was 
there left nearly dry. 

" In the course of these services, your memorialist was once upset in 
his boat ; once driven out in her to sea, where he remained during a 
whole winter's night, without compass, provisions, or water, the wind 
blowing most violently, the rain pouring down in torrents, his men droop- 
ing and desponding, and the boat only kept from sinking by constant 
bailing with his hat; once, while rendering assistance to vessels in dan- 
gerous situations, he was washed off a pier-head ; and on two other occa- 
sions, during storms, borne by waves into the sea, and not easily extri- 
cated ; at another time he was knocked down, by a hawser slipping, and 
severely wounded in the head." 

Previous to his return home, Lieutenant Debenham re- 
ceived several handsome letters and testimonials from his 
superior officers, of which the following are copies : 

" Boucaut, 7th March, 1814. 

" Dear Sir, I beg leave to enclose you an extract from Admiral Pen- 
rose's letter to me of the 25th February, and at the same tiise will avail 
myself of the opportunity of returning my most sincere thanks for the 
many services you rendered to the boats and vessels on their passing the 
bar of Bayonne, on the 24th ultimo. In the first place, I beg you will 
accept my kindest acknowledgments for the manly and humane assistance 
you rendered to me and my boat's crew, without which a much greater 
number of lives must have been lost. In the second instance, your Coun- 
try is much your debtor for the truly able and gallant style in which, 
regardless of the attendant danger, you pushed out into the breakers on 
the bar, and saved the lives of two seamen belonging to the Lyra's gig, 
which was upset, a midshipman and two men being drowned before you 
could reach her; and also for saving three lives out of four that were 
upset in a transport's long boat. I particularize those two instances, out 
of many, of your meritorious actions, because they came immediately 
under my own observation. I have been careful to report to the rear- 
admiral your unprecedented good conduct and exertions on this most 
trying occasion. I have only now to beg you will accept my best wishes 
for your welfare, from yours most sincerely, 

(Signed) " D. O'REILLY." 

" To Lieut. Debenham, dgent of Transports, Socoa." 



320 COMMANDERS. 

ENCLOSURE. 

" Sir, Although it was with the most anxious concern I observed the 
casualties of yesterday, and remain most solicitous to hear that they are 
not so great as I might apprehend, from the nature of the service, yet it 
was with the most lively satisfaction I witnessed the skill and energy 
which overcame obstacles apparently insurmountable; and I only wait 
more certain information, to express my public thanks, both on the spot 
where the service took place, and to the Commander-in-chief at home. 
Offer my cordial thanks and approbation to Lieutenant Debenham, for his 
extremely good conduct at the passage of the bar. 

(Signed) " C. V. PSNROSE." 

" Porcupine, Passages, Sth March, 1814. 

" Sir, In reply to your letter of the 4th instant, I have to inform you 
that the letter you put into my hands on the morning I met you off the 
bar of the Adour, was, I believe, sent by me to Captain O'Reilly, to in- 
form him of the state of the troops ; but its nature fully warranted you in 
ordering all the assistance in your power, which might have proved the 
only safety to the troops who had passed and were trying to pass. Your 
coming yourself, and ordering the other boats to follow, was highly to 
your credit j and all your conduct on the occasion marked the zealous, 
good officer: of that conduct I have borne testimony, both to the cotn- 
mander-in-chief, and to Field-Marshal the Marquis of Wellington. I am, 
&c. (Signed) " C. V. PENROSE, Rear-Admiral." 

" To Lieut. Debenham, Agent of Transports, Socoa" 

"Passages, Sth March, 1814. 

" Sir, The rear-admiral expresses himself highly pleased with your 
conduct. 1 transmit you an extract of my letter to the Board : 

" ' Rear-Admiral Pehrose expresses himself highly pleased with the 
exertions of Lieutenant Debenham, in crossing the troops over the Adour, 
where he was most useful. I have ever found him correct and stead) 
and if entrusted with any particular duty, very diligent in the performance 
of the service : to say more would be presumptuous on my part ; to say 
less I could not.' 

(Signed) " THOMAS DELAFONS, Principal Agent of Transports." 

" To Lieutenant Debenham, Socoa." 

"Passages, May 26th, 1814. 

" Sir, As the principal agent of transports on this coast, I cannot qi 
it without publicly returning you my thanks for your constant attention 
and the ready assistance you have ever given me, which has enabled me ' 
carry on the various duties I have been engaged in, so as to procure mj 
recent promotion, and to assure you, on my leaving this port, I shall 



COMMANDERS. 321 

fail, in the strongest manner, to make known my sentiments of your good 
conduct to the Transport Board. I am, &c. 

(Signed) " THOMAS DELAFONS, P. A. T." 

" To Lieutenant Debenham, Socoa." 

" Porcupine, Passages, June \3(h, 1814. 

" Sir, On re-perusing 1 and considering your letter to me sibce the 
promotion of Lieutenant Delafons, and his appointment to other service, 
I have to inform you, that notwithstanding you are become the senior 
officer of the transport service on this coast, I deem your experience and 
zeal, of both which I am fully sensible, will be more usefully directed in 
forwarding round to this place all vessels, &c. &c. &c. You will observe, 
that in the separate charge I have thus given you of two very important 
posts, I shew the reliance I have, both on your zeal and ability ; and also, 
that as more responsibility naturally attaches to such a distinct duty than 
if you were acting here under my immediate superintendence, you have 
the means of making your exertions more conspicuous, and probably your 
seniority of standing more efficacious. I am, &c. 

(Signed) " C. V. PENROSE." 

" T Lieutenant ftebenham, Socoa." 

The following notification was also transmitted to him by 

the Transport Board : 

" Admiralty -Office, 8th September, 1814. 

" Gentlemen, Having laid before the Lords Commissioners of the 
Admiralty your letter of yesterday's date, transmitting an extract of a 
letter from Rear-Admiral Penrose, bearing testimony to the highly 
meritorious and unceasing exertions of your several agents on the 
north coast of Spain, therein named, and recommending those officers, and 
particularly Lieutenant Debenham, to their lordships' favourable consi- 
deration, I am commanded to acquaint yo i, that my Lords have been 
pleased to promote Lieutenant Debenham to the rank of commander. I 
am, &c. 

(Signed) " J. W. CROKER." 

" To the Commissioners for Transports, fyc." 

Commander Debenham's commission bears date Aug. 27th, 
1814 ; since which period he has repeatedly solicited employ- 
ment in any part of the world, but always without success. 
In 1816, a sum of money having been voted by Parliament^ 
as a reward to a part of the navy employed on the north 
coast of Spain during a certain time, and presuming that his 
services there would without doubt entitle him to participate 
in the said reward, he gave in his name as a claimant to the 

VOL. IV. PART I. Y 



322 COMMANDERS. 

agents, from whom, when the time of distribution approach- 
ed, he had the mortification to receive a letter as follows : 

" New Broad Street, London, VttUJune, 1819. 

" Sir, We are authorized by Lord Keith to acquaint you, that the 
Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, to whom his lordship referred 
your claim to participate in the late parliamentary grant for the north 
coast of Spain, have decided that you ought not to share ; and we think it 
right to add, in case you may consider it necessary to pursue your claim 
farther, that the only course open to you is by memorial to H. R. H. the 
Prince Regent in Council, as the above decision will be final and con- 
clusive, agreeably to the Order in Council for distribution, unless His 
Royal Highness shall be pleased otherwise to direct within three months. 
We are, Sir, your most obedient servants, 

(Signed) " JOHN JACKSON & Co." 

Lord Keith, it should be observed, considered Commander 
Debenham's claim as well founded, and so reported to the 
Admiralty ; yet, because he had been employed as an agent 
of transports, the Board determined to reject it. Acting 
according to the advice of his lordship, he lost no time in 
drawing up a memorial, which was submitted in the first 
instance to Viscount Melville, from whose private secretary 
he received the following communication, dated July 3d, 

1819: 



" Sir, I atn desired by Lord Melville to acknowledge the receipt of 
your letter of the 24th ultimo, together with its enclosures, and to express 
his Lordship's regret that, after a full consideration of the case in all it 
bearings, and of the claims you have set forth, he has not felt at liberty 
recommend a compliance with the prayer of your memorial, although, 
from his Lordship's opinion of your services, he would have felt satisfac- 
tion in being enabled to accede to your wishes. I have the honor 
be, &c. 

(Signed) " R.W. HAY." 

In his memorial to the Prince Regent, after stating the pe- 
culiar nature of his services on the north coast of Spain, anc 
making but very slight allusion to others which we hav< 
recorded, Commander Debenhain expresses himself in the 
following terms : 

" He earnestly desires to deprecate the idea of vain or presumptuous 
boasting, but he finds at length there are occasions on which not to have 
proper sense of what one has done, and of what passes in the world, is 



COMMANDERS. 323 

manifest a blaineable apathy ; and he cannot but know that under happier 
auspices, the exploit of Sir Roger Curtis, in saving the drowning Spaniards, 
before Gibraltar, is a theme celebrated by the painter and poet, and was 
rewarded by the highest patronage ; but for certain, the exertions of that 
highly esteemed officer, so worthily and so universally venerated, were not 
greater, either with respect to personal danger, or as to bodily or mental 
protrusiveness, than were those of your Royal Highness's memorialist 
at the mouth of the Adour. But how different has been the meed: 
he has been, indeed, promoted to the rank of Commander since that 
period ; t but it was for his general services, and this boon has been 
attended with, first, the immediate loss of his employment as agent of 
transports : and, secondly, it has disabled him from getting two of his sons 
into Christ's Hospital on Travers's foundation, to which he would other- 
wise have had a right, worth at the least five hundred pounds. His meed, 
therefore, on account of the above services, seems chiefly to rest in his 
having been personally thanked and honourably mentioned by Sir John 
Hope, in his despatches to the Duke of Wellington, and by Rear-Adrniral 
Penrose to the naval commander-in-chief, Lord Keith ; distinctions 
which he highly values, and which he trusts are no light recommendations 
to some more substantial recompense. 

" In conclusion, your Memorialist presumes to hope that your Royal 
Royal Highness will, on viewing these premises, be graciously pleased to 
cause his name to be placed on the distribution-list. The naval com- 
mander-in-chief, Lord Keith, approves his claim ; and even at the Admi- 
ralty its rejection is considered a hardship : the very boat's crew who were 
with him are included in the list which he himself is called upon to 
furnish; and he understands that Captain O'Reilly, by virtue of the Order 
in Council, on account of his great exertions, and the great peril and suf- 
ferings which he underwent at the Adour, is to be remunerated beyond 
other officers of his class ; but your Memorialist it was who went before 
him or any one else in the perilous path of duty on that river ; who led 
them, or marked out to all of them the way ; who, when that officer was 
upset, saved him and several others, to render those exertions so conspi- 
cuously noticed. The immortal Admiral Nelson, in order to incite others 
to emulate his deeds, though at a humble distance, assumed, with his 
Sovereign's approbation, for his motto, ' Palmam qui meruit.' Then be 
it so. The parliamentary grant, to which your Royal Highness gave the 
fiat, proceeds doubtless upon this principle. How then can your peti- 
tioner be rejected? But if certain official forms are an obstacle, he re- 
joices at the circumstance ; because it places him within the immediate 
reach of the beams of your royal munificence, and will therefore, he feels 
confident, cause him to be remunerated in some other manner, which, as 
it will be a personal favour done him, and a favour from the Great, is doubly 
a favour ; how much more so when it proceeds from Royalty, and is extend- 
ed to so humble a Petitioner, now, after such long services, pining on half- 

Y 2 



324 COMMANDERS. 

pay, with which to maintain himself, a wife, and eight children ; obliged 
to keep at a distance (such is the world) even from his friends, and thereby 
incapacitated from bringing forward his family." 

This memorial, after having been submitted to the Prince 
Regent in Council, was sent back to the Admiralty with a fa- 
vorable recommendation; to which their Lordships, however, 
merely replied, that they had " no funds/' In the one after- 
wards presented to the Lord High Admiral, it is stated by 
Commander Debenham, " that he has never received the 
least compensation of any kind for the serious injury sus- 
tained in his foot, while commanding the Furious, although 
he was thereby obliged to give up the most eligible appoint- 
ment he ever held." He also states, ** that the refusal of 
any compensation for this hurt, was made a ground for pre- 
venting him the attainment of an object he subsequently had 
in view j" and then adds, " that, on one occasion, having 
detained, and brought in for adjudication, a vessel from one 
of the enemy's ports bound to another, she was not only set 
free, but the whole expenses of the proceedings allowed to 
fall upon him ; whereas, had he not detained her, pursuant 
to the existing Orders in Council, he would have been liable 
to a court-martial." His memorial to the Admiralty on this 
occasion was attended with no success. 

In 1823, Commander Debenham received the following 
testimonial from Captain James Anderson, under whom he 
had served at Corunna and Walcheren ; and another, of 
which we shall subjoin a copy, from the late Sir George 
Collier : 

" 36, /fans Place, Chelsea, 10th Jan. 

"These are to certify, that John Debenham, Esq. commander in the 
royal nary, served under my command on various dangerous and difficult 
services, with great credit to himself and to my entire satisfaction, and I 
can recommend him with the utmost confidence, from the knowledge I 
have of his vigilance, diligence, attention, uncommon sobriety, and great 
humanity of disposition, mixed with firmness, as a fit person to fill any 
situation particularly requiring the rare concurrence of these qualifications. 

(Signed) " J. ANDERON." 

" Knowle Cottage, Exeter, Dec. \7th. 

" Having been solicited by Captain John Debenham, of the royal navy, 

formerly employed under iny orders upon the north coast of Spain, as 



COMMANDERS. 325 

lieutenant of the transport service, to certify as to his general zeal and 
good conduct, I have great pleasure in so doing, and more particularly so, 
in the knowledge I have, that his zeal, enterprise, and good conduct were 
as conspicuous while he was under the orders of Rear-Admiral Penrose, 
upon the eastern shores of the Bay of Biscay, as they had been while 
Captain Debenharn served under my orders at Passages and on the more 
western parts of that coast, where, as an agent for transports, he manifested 
zeal, activity, and attention. I have therefore great satisfaction in recom- 
mending him to the consideration of the Right Honorable the Lords Com- 
missioners of the Admiralty, as a zealous and trust-worthy officer. 

(Signed) " GEORGE R. COLLIER, formerly Commodore 
on the north coast of Spain." 

On the 19th Dec. 1826, Commander Debenham had the 
honor of receiving the following letter from the Ordnance 
Office: 

" Sir, I am directed by the Duke of Wellington to acknowledge the 
receipt of your letter of the 14th instant ; and to acquaint you that his 
Grace has referred it to Sir Byam Martin, informing him at the same 
time, that he was highly satisfied with your services in the transport de- 
partment during the time you were under his orders. I am, &c. 

(Signed) " FITZ ROY SOMERSET." 

Commander Debenham is the author of several polemical 
disquisitions, &c. &c. all of which have been printed for 
gratuitous distribution. 



PETER WILLIAMS, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant on the 27th of Feb. 1801. We 
first find him commanding the Entreprenante cutter ; and, 
in Dec. 1810, making the following report, of a very gallant 
action, to Commodore (afterwards Sir Charles V.) Penrose, 
then senior naval officer at Gibraltar : 

" On the 12th inst. at eight A. M., I observed four vessels at anchor 
under Faro Castle ; this place is between Malaga and Almeria Bay. It 
being a dead calm, at nine they got under weigh, sweeping towards us, 
and at half-past ten they hoisted French colours and commenced firing on us. 

ir guns could not reach them till eleven A. M. when we began our fire; 
one vessel on our starboard bow, another on the starboard quarter, and 



326 



COMMANDERS. 



two right a-stern ; the enemy keeping up a most tremendous fire of round 
and grape-shot, which we returned with double vigour, with round, grape, 
and musketry, at this time within pistol-shot. About noon, the enemy 
shot away our main-top-mast, peak-haliards and blocks, fore-jeers, fore- 
haliards, and jrb-tye ; we had two of our starboard guns disabled, by the 
stock of one, and the carriage of the other being broken. The enemy see- 
ing us in this disabled state, attempted to board us, but, with the courage 
that every true Englishman possesses, we repulsed them ; we now kept up 
a well-directed tire with the two foremost guns and musketry. The enemy 
made a second attempt, but were again repulsed. By this time one man 
was killed, and four wounded. I then ordered the starboard sweeps to be 
manned, and pulled the cutter's head round, it still being calm, and a swell 
from the S. W. We got our larboard guns to bear on them, and after 
two well-directed broadsides, and three cheers, three of them sheered off. 
I was now informed our canister and musket-ball were all expended ; 
but nevertheless, with two well-directed broadsides, double-shotted, we 
carried away the largest of the two's foremast and bowsprit. At this 
time they attempted to board a third time, but, as before, they were re- 
pulsed, and that with great loss on their side ; but by this exertion two of 
our larboard guns were dismounted. The enemy's fire began to slacken ; 
we then gave three cheers, and with two of our guns, double-shotted, 
raked them, which must have made great slaughter ; and at half-past two 
the enemy was taken in tow by two row-boats, who towed them in-shore, 
we still firing on them with our two guns, until three o'clock, when they 
were out of our reach; we then manned our sweeps, towed the cutter's 
head towards the offing, began to clear the wreck, and by five o'clock had 
our main-sail, jib, and fore-sail set, but they were more like riddles than 
sails, after a four hours' hard-fought action. I am at a loss to express suffi- 
ciently my feelings on this occasion, when I consider the very superior 
force of the enemy, and the courage, steadiness, and attention of my brave 
little crew. The enemy's force, as I learnt from a Danish vessel, which 
had been lying alongside them in Almeria bay, consisted of one with three 
latteen sails, two long 18-pounders, six smaller guns, and 75 men; 
another, three latteen sails and jib, five guns, and 45 men ; two others, 
two sails, two guns, and 25 men each. I was short of my complement 
four men, and had the mate and six men away in a detained vessel, 
leaving the total number on board thirty-three, out of which we had only 
one killed and four wounded. 

(Signed) " P. WILLIAMS." 

On the 15th of the same month, Lieutenant Williams and 
his gallant crew received the public thanks of Commodore 
Penrose, in a general order issued to the squadron under that 
officer's command, and also inserted in the Gibraltar Chro- 
nicle. The merchants resident on the rock, as a testimony of 



COMMANDERS. 327 

their gratitude, for the protection thus afforded the trade, 
immediately afterwards entered into a subscription, for the 
purpose of presenting him with a valuable sword. 

On the 25th of April, 1811, while communicating with 
the governor of Malaga, under a flag of truce, Lieutenant 
Williams observed two of his late opponents and a Spanish 
merchant brig, their prize, running into the bay. Before he 
could get on board, and make sail, one of them anchored 
close to the mole-head ; but the other he brought to action, 
and, in fifteen minutes, beat and drove her on shore : he hen 
brought- to and recaptured the brig. This service was per- 
formed without any loss on the part of the Entreprenante, in 
the presence of numerous spectators assembled on the mole- 
head. 

Lieutenant Williams subsequently commanded the Rich- 
mond gun-brig ; and, April 5th, 1813, was appointed to the 
Nimble cutter, in which vessel he continued until promoted 
to his present rank, Aug. 2Jth, 1814. 



EDWARD JOHNSON, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant on the 4th of April, 1801 ; and 
commander, Aug. 2/tb, 1814. 



ANTHONY COLLINS STANTON, ESQ. 

SERVED as midshipman on board the Phaeton frigate, 
Captain (afterwards Sir James N.) Morris ; and distinguished 
himself at the capture of the Spanish national ship Saa 
Josef, near Malaga, Oct. 28th, 1800*. He was made a 
lieutenant on the llth of Jan. 1802; and we subsequently 
find him serving under Captains Robert Barrie and George 
Burlton, in the Pomone frigate, and Boyne 98, on the 
Mediterranean station. He obtained the rank of commander 
on the 27th of Aug. 1814; and died at Limerick, in 1827. 


* See Suppl, Purl II. p. 84, 



328 COMMANDERS. 

FLETCHER NORTON CLARKE, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in April, 1802 ; and promoted to 
his present rank, while serving under Captain Norborne 
Thompson, in the Aboukir74, on the 2/th of Aug. 1814. 



WILLIAM HILLYAR, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant on the 27th Aug. 1803, and subse- 
quently served in the Niger frigate, commanded by his bro- 
ther, the present Captain James Hillyar, C. B., on the Medi- 
terranean station. During the last four years of the war 
with France, we find him in the Christian VII. 80, and Cale- 
donia 120, flag-ships of Sir Edward Pellew, now Viscount 
Exmouth. He obtained his present rank on the 2/th Aug. 
1814; and was appointed inspecting commander of the coast 
guard at Marazion, in July 1824. 



RICHARD FLANIGAN EDWARDS, ESQ. 

OBTAINED the rank of lieutenant in May, 1804; and served 
during the latter part of the war, as first of the Koyal Sove- 
reign 100, Captain Thomas G. Caulfield, on the Mediter- 
ranean station. He was made a commander on the 27th 
Aug. 1814. 



ROBERT HAVERFIELD, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant on the 10th May, 1S04. We first 
find him serving in the Isis 50, bearing the flag of Vice-Ad- 
miral John Holloway, ut Newfoundland ; and afterwards in 
the Bucephalus frigate, Captain Charles Pelly, on the East 
India station. He obtained his present rank on the 27th 
Aug. 1814: 



COMMANDERS. 329 

RICHARD DEVONSHIRE, ESQ. 

BROTHER of Rear-Admiral J. F. Devonshire*. This offi- 
cer was made a lieutenant on the 1 1th May, 1804 ; appointed 
to 1'Aigle 36, Captain George Wolfe, June 2d, 1808 ; and 
promoted to his present rank, while serving as first of that 
frigate, under the command of Captain Sir John Louis, on 
the Mediterranean station, Aug. 27th, 1814. Some of the 
services in which he participated are stated in pp. 318, 898, 
and 409 of Vol. II. ; at p. 812 of Vol. 1., and p. 1 18 of Suppl. 
Part 1. 



ROBERT OLIVER, ESQ. 

OBTAINED the rank of lieutenant in Jan. 1806; and com- 
manded the boats of the Espoir sloop, Captain Robert Mit- 
ford, in a dashing little affair on the coast of Calabria, April 
4th, 1810 f. He soon afterwards assisted at the capture of 
an armed ship and three barks, under the castle of Terrecino. 
We lastly find him serving under the late Sir George Burl- 
ton, in the Ville de Paris 1 10, and Boyne 98, on the Mediter- 
ranean station. His promotion to the rank of commander 
took place Aug. 27th, 1814. 



JOHN FRANCIS LASCELLES, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant on the 28th April, 1807 j and af- 
terwards successively appointed to the Venerable, Saturn, 
and Mulgrave, third -rates. He continued in the latter ship, 
under the command of Captain Thomas J. Maling, on the 
Mediterranean station, until the end of the war. His pro- 
motion to the rank of commander took place Aug. 27th, 
1814. 



See Vol. II. Part I. p. 411 et seq. ; and Vol. III. Part II. p. 1800* f*/. 
f See Suppl. Parti, p. 131. 



330 COMMANDERS. 

This officer married, Nov. 30th, 1830, Henrietta, second 
daughter of Mr. Samuel Higham, of Torrington Square, 
London. 



CHARLES IIAMLYN, ESQ. 

SECOND son of Sir James Hamlyn- Williams, Bart, (of 
Edwinsford, co. Carmarthen, and Clovelly Court, in Devon- 
shire), by Diana Anne, daughter of Abraham Whittaker, of 
Stratford, co. Essex, Esq. 

This officer entered the royal navy in Aug. 1803 ; obtained 
the rank of lieutenant in April, 1811 ; served for some time 
under the flag of Sir W. Sidney Smith j and was made a 
commander on the 27th Aug. 1814. 



RICHARD STEPHENS HARNESS, ESQ. 

SON of the late Dr. John Harness, F. L. S., for many years 
a commissioner of the Transport Board *. 

This officer was born at Wickham, co. Hants, in July, 
1792. He entered the royal navy as midshipman on board 
the Diadem 64, Captain Sir Home Popham, in July, 1805; 
was present, in that ship, at the capture of the Cape of 
Good Hope and Buenos Ayres, in 1806 ; and subsequently 
served in the Sampson and Inflexible 64's. The latter ship 
formed part of the fleet under Admiral (now Lord) Gambler, 
at the siege of Copenhagen, in 1807- 

After the surrender of the Danish capital and navy, Mr. 
Harness joined the Volontaire frigate, Captain Charles Bul- 
len, by which excellent officer he was selected to assist at 
the successful attack upon a French convoy in the Bay of 
Rosas, on the night of Oct. 31st, 1809 f. He obtained the 



* See Nav. Chron. v. 35. p. 265 et seq. 
f See Suppl. Part III. p. 159. 



COMMANDERS. 331 

rank of lieutenant in Feb. 1812; and, after serving for some 
time in the Fame 74, Captain Walter Bathurst, was advanced 
to his present rank, Aug. 27th, 1814. He was an unsuccess- 
ful candidate for employment in the expedition sent against 
Algiers, in 1816. 

The father of Commander Harness married, secondly, the 
widow of Admiral Robert Linzee : one of his sons is in holy 
orders, another in the corps of royal engineers. 



ALEXANDER MERCADELL, ESQ. 

Is the son of a Minorca merchant. He was made a 
lieutenant on the 14th May, 1808 ; and advanced to his pre- 
sent rank, while serving as first of the Alcmene frigate, Cap- 
tain Jeremiah Coghlan, Sept. 3d, 1814. 



CHARLES GIDDY, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant on the 30th Sept. 1801 ; and 
served as such under Lord William Stuart, in the Lavinia 
frigate and Conquestador 74 ; from which latter ship he was 
promoted to the rank he now holds, Sept. 10th, 1814. He 
married, Aug. 2d, 1817, a daughter of the late Rev. G. P. 
Scobell, vicar of Sancreed and St. Just, Cornwall. 



CHARLES PENGELLEY, ESQ. 

OBTAINED the rank of lieutenant in Feb. 1805 ; and sub- 
sequently served in the Hibernia 110, Foudroyant 80, Royal 
George 100, Shearwater 16, Fylla 22, and San Josef 114. 
During the operations against Genoa and its dependencies, 
in 1814, he commanded a division of the Anglo-Sicilian flo- 
tilla. We afterwards find him acting commander of the 
Guadaloupe 16. His promotion to that rank took place on 



332 



COMMANDERS. 



the 20th Sept. 1814. Since then he has held appointments 
in the Preventive and Coast-Guard services. 

This officer married, Sept. 20th, 1811, Agnes, daughter of 
Mr. W. Jenney, of Truro, co. Cornwall. 



WILLIAM LAUGHARNE, ESQ. 

A SON of the late Captain Thomas Laugharne, R. N. and 
nephew of the late Vice -Admiral John Laugharne. 

This officer was born at Poole, co. Dorset, Dec. 21st, 
1785. He appears to have entered the royal navy in Jan. 
1798, as midshipman on board the Barfleur 98, Captain ^af- 
terwards Vice-Admiral) James R. Dacres, under whom he 
also served in the Foudroyant 80. From that ship, after 
witnessing the surrender of Naples, in June, 1799, and the 
subsequent capture of le Gene'reux 74, la Ville de Marseilles, 
store-ship, and le Guillaume Tell 80, he followed the late 
Sir Edward Berry into the Princess Charlotte 38, and con- 
tinued to serve under his command, in that ship and the 
Ruby 64, until the peace of Amiens. He next joined la 
Concorde 36, Captain Robert Barton ; removed from her into 
the Tremendous 74, Captain John Osborn, at the Cape of 
Good Hope, in Feb. 1303; and was appointed by Sir Ed- 
ward Pellew (now Viscount Exmouth) to act as lieutenant of 
the Cornwallis frigate, on the East India station, March 
25th, 1805. His first commission bears date Nov. 14th, 
1806. 

Mr. Laugharne's subsequent appointments were to the 
Russel 74, flag-ship of Rear-Admiral W. O'Brien Drury; 
Rattlesnake sloop, Commander William Flint, in which ves- 
sel he returned to England ; Southampton 32, Captain 
Edwards Lloyd Graham ; Alcmene 38, commanded by the 
same officer, on the Mediterranean station ; and to be his 
uncle's flag-lieutenant, at Malta, where he was serving when 
promoted to his present rank, September 23d, 1814. 

Commander Laugharne has been twice married : first, in 



COMMANDERS. 333 

Nov. 1818, to Louisa, daughter of retired Commander Peter 
Tait ; and, secondly, in June, 1825, to Mary Enielia, daughter 
of the late Samuel Rawlings, of Charlton, co. Kent, Esq. 
His only brother, Lieutenant Thomas Laugharne, a most 
enterprising young officer, perished in the Jaseur brig, when 
crossing the Bay of Bengal, on his way to China, in Aug. 1809. 



MITCHELL ROBERTS, ESQ. 

OBTAINED the rank of lieutenant in Aug. 1800; and re- 
peatedly distinguished himself while serving under Captain 
E. Leveson Gower, in the Elizabeth /4, on the Mediterranean 
station. Among other official reports made by that officer, 
we find the following : 

" Off the River Po, AprilWth, 1813. 

" Sir, I have the honor to inform you, that the boats of the Eagle 
and Elizabeth fell in, off Goro, with a convoy of seven armed merchant 
vessels, laden with oil. Four of them were captured, and the other three 
ran on shore into a tremendous surf, under the protection of a two-gun 
battery, two schooners, and three gun-boats, who opened a most galling 
fire. 

" Notwithstanding all these difficulties, one of the vessels was brought 
off, and another destroyed, much to the credit of Lieutenants Roberts and 
Greenaway, senior lieutenants of the Elizabeth and Eagle, under whose 
directions this arduous service was performed. They speak highly of 
Lieutenant Holbrook, of the Eagle, who was also there, and of all the 
petty-officers and men. I am happy to add, no person was hurt. 

(Signed " E. LEVESON GOWER." 

" To Rear-Admiral Fremantle." 

" Off Omago, June 8th, 1813. 

" Sir, Having information that the enemy were sending three vessels, 
loaded with powder, along the coast of Istria, and seeing vessels of the 
same description within the town of Omago, I stood in there ; and when 
the Eagle and Elizabeth were within gun-shot, 1 summoned the town, 
which they refused to receive. 

" After firing some time, the marines of this ship, under Captain Gra- 
ham and Lieutenant Price, and of the Eagle, under Lieutenant Lloyd, 
drove the enemy out of the town. They had about 100 soldiers. The 
boats under Lieutenants Roberts, Bennett, Greenaway, and Hotham, de- 
stroyed a two gun battery, aud brought out four vessels, loaded with wine, 



334 



COMMANDERS. 



that had been scuttled. 1 am happy to say, that only one man was wound- 
ed ; and the conduct of all the officers employed on this service was 
highly creditable. 

(Signed) " E. LEVESON GOWER." 

" To Rear-Admirul Fremantle." 

" Fassano Roads, June 2Qt?i, 1813. 

" Sir, Having information that some French gens-d'amerie, who or- 
ganised the militia, and commissaries, who levied the contributions, resided 
at Dignano, opposite the Prioni islands, I detached fifty seamen, 
under Lieutenants Roberts and Bennett, the marines under Captain 
Graham and Lieutenant Price, and the boats with carronades, under 
Lieutenant Bernard. They took possession of the town at day-break 
this morning, made the French prisoners, and disarmed the militia. 
A surgeon, who fired out of a window at our people, was mortally wound- 
ed ; this is the only loss on either side. Great praise is due to all the 
officers employed, and nothing could exceed the steadiness of the men. 
" (Signed) " E. LEVESON GOWER." 

" To Rear-admiral Fremantle." 

Lieutenant Roberts continued in the Elizabeth, latterly 
commanded by Captain Gardiner H. Guion, until promoted 
to his present rank, Sept. 24th, 1814. 



GEORGE GUY BURTON, ESQ. 

BROTHER of Captain Thomas Burton, R. N. 

This officer was made a lieutenant on the 20th of Feb. 
1805 ; and promoted from the Tonnant 80, Captain John 
Wainwright, to the command of the Wolverene sloop, Oct. 
5th, 1814. 



GEORGE PEDLAR, ESQ. 

WAS presented with the Turkish gold medal, for his ser- 
vices during the celebrated Egyptian campaign. He obtained 
the rank of lieutenant in Jan. 1802 ; and distinguished him- 
self on various occasions while serving as first of the Dragon 
74, Captain Robert Barrie, on the North American station. 
His commission as commander bears date Oct. 12th, 1814. 



COMMANDERS. 335 

ROGER ROBINETT, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant on the 1st Feb. 1806; and, after 
serving for several years in the flag-ship of the commander- 
in-chief at Plymouth, promoted to his present rank, Oct. 12th, 
1814. 



JOHN FORTESCUE MORGAN, ESQ. 

WHILE serving as midshipman of 1' Aigle frigate, Captain 
George Wolfe, was apprehended on a charge of murder, and, 
together with his commander and the late Earl of Hunting- 
don, tried and fully acquitted, in the summer of 1803*. He 
obtained the rank of lieutenant in Sept. 1806 ; and was made 
a commander on the 12th of Oct. 1814. 

This officer married, Oct. 5th, 1815, Ann, eldest daughter 
of the Rev. H. Jebson, rector of Avon Dassett, co. Warwick. 



HENRY KING, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in Oct. 1802; and promoted to 
his present rank, while serving in the Seahorse frigate, Cap- 
tain (now Sir James A.) Gordon, who thus speaks of him in 
his official letter to Sir Alexander Cochrane, reporting the 
brilliant proceedings of a squadron under his orders, in the 
Potowmac river, North America, in Aug. and Sept. 181 4f. 

" So universally good was the conduct of all the officers, seamen, and 
marines, that I cannot particularize with justice to the rest ; but I owe it 
to the long-tried experience I have had of Mr. Henry King, first lieutenant 
of the Seahorse, to point out to you, that such was his eagerness to take 
the part to which his abilities would have directed him on this occasion, 
that he even came out of his sick bed, to command at his quarters, whilst 
the ship was passing the batteries! ; the two first guns pointed by Lieute- 
nant King, disabled each a gun of the enemy." 



* See Vol. II. Part I. p. 315, et seq. 

t See Vol. II. Part II. pp. 941 -945. 

\ On her return from Alexandria. 



COMMANDERS. 

FRANCIS TRUSCOTT, ESQ. 

WAS the fifth son of the late Rear- Admiral William Trus- 
cott, and brother of the present Commander George Truscott*. 
He obtained his first commission in Aug. 1800; and served, 
during the latter part of the late war, as senior lieutenant of the 
Albion and Ramillies 74's, commanded by Captains John F. 
Devonshire and Sir Thomas M. Hardy, on the North Ameri- 
can station ; where he was promoted to the command of the 
Manly sloop, Oct. 22d, 1814. 

This officer married, shortly after the latter date, Catharine, 
daughter of the Hon. Joshua Hutchison, one of H.M. Coun- 
cil at Bermuda ; and died in Bury Street, St. James's, 
London, Dec. 29th, 1827. 



JOHN GEORGE PHILLIPS, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in Feb. 1805 ; and commander on 
the 22d of Oct. 1814. 



JOHN SYKES, ESQ. 

OBTAINED the rank of lieutenant in July, 1796; and 
served ,as first of the Belvidera frigate, Captain Richard 
Byron, from Feb. 27th, 1810, until promoted to the com- 
mand of the Variable sloop, Nov. 2d, 1814. The very active 
and successful manner in which the above ship was employed 
during the war with North America, has been stated in the 
memoir of her gallant captain f. We should therein have 
mentioned, however, that the Mars privateer, of 15 guns and 70 
men, was destroyed, near Sandy Hook, by the boats of the 
Belvidera, Endymion, and Rattler, under the command of 
Lieutenant Sykes. 



See p. 66. f See Vol. II. Part II. pp. 622628. 



COMMANDERS. 337 

JOHN FLEMING, ESQ. 

WE first find this officer serving as master's-mate on board 
the Fisguard frigate, Captain (now Sir T. Byam) Martin, by 
whom he is mentioned, in an official letter to Sir John B. 
Warren, as having distinguished himself at the capture of a 
French gun- vessel, two armed chasse mare'es, and eight other 
vessels laden with supplies for the Brest fleet, June llth, 
1800*. Twelve days afterwards, he assisted at the destruc- 
tion of three batteries, mounting seven 24-pounders, situated 
on the banks of the Quimper river j and in the night of July 
1st following, at the destruction of five national vessels 
(mounting altogether fifty guns) and fifteen others laden with 
valuable cargoes, lying under the protection of six heavy bat- 
teries at the south-east part of Noirmoutier, besides flanking 
guns on every projecting point of that island f. His first 
commission bears date Oct. 2d, 1800. 

In 1806, the Committee of the Patriotic Fund voted Lieu- 
tenant Fleming a sword, for his gallant conduct in command 
of the boats of la Franchise frigate, Captain (now Sir Charles) 
Dashwood, at the capture of El Raposa, a Spanish national 
brig, in the bay of Campeachy. This brilliant exploit was 
thus officially reported to Vice- Admiral Dacres, commander- 
in-chief at Jamaica : 

" H. M. S. Franchise, off Campeachy, Jan. 1th, 1806. 

" Sir, Having received information from a neutral, that several Spanish 
armed vessels had very lately arrived in the bay of Carapeachy, and con- 
ceiving it practicable, from the local knowledge I had of that place, that 
they might be cut out without running much risk; I have presumed in 
consequence to extend the limits of the orders with which you honored 
ine, and come to this anchorage ; and although I am well aware of the 
great responsibility, yet, as it was undertaken solely with a view of 
forwarding the Kino's service, by distressing his enemies, so I have the 
vanity to hope it will be sanctioned with your high approbation. 

" 1 have, therefore, the honor to report that I, last evening, anchored 
the Franchise in quarter-less four fathoms, a-breast the town of Cam- 
peachy; and as it was impossible, from the shallowness of the water, to 



* See Suppl. Part III. p. 322. t See Vol. I. Part II. p. 493, et seq. 

VOL, IV. PART I. Z 



COMMANDERS. 

approach nearer to the shore than five leagues, I despatched the senior 
officer, Lieutenant John Fleming, accompanied by Lieutenant Peter John 
Douglas, the third ; Lieutenant Mends of the marines, and Messrs. Daly, 
Lamb, Chalmers, and Hamilton, midshipmen, in three boats, with orders 
to scour the bay, and bring off such of the enemy's vessels as they might 
fall in with. But from the distance they had to row, joined to the dark- 
ness of the night, and the uncertainty of their position, it was four o'clock 
in the morning before they could possibly arrive, long after the rising of 
the moon, which unfortunately gave the enemy warning of their approach, 
and ample time for preparation, even to the tricing tip of their boarding 
nettings, and projecting sweeps to prevent the boats from coming along- 
side : although the alarm was thus given from one end of the bay to the 
other, and instantly communicated to the castle on shore, yet nothing could 
damp the ardour and gallantry of the officers and crew who had volun- 
teered on this (as it ultimately proved) hazardous service ; for that instant 
two of his Catholic Majesty's brigs, one of twenty guns, and one hundred 
and eighty men, the other of twelve guns and ninety men, accompanied 
by an armed schooner of eight, and supported by seven gun-boats of two 
guns each, slipped their cables, and commenced a most severe and heavy 
cannonading on the three boats, which must soon have annihilated 
them, had not Lieutenant Fleming, with great presence of mind, and un- 
checked ardour, most boldly dashed on, and instantly laid the nearest brig 
on board. He was so quickly supported by his friend, Lieutenant Douglas, 
in the barge, and Mr. Lamb, in the pinnace, that they carried her in ten 
minutes, notwithstanding the very powerful resistance they met with. The 
whole of this little flotilla pursued them for some distance, keeping up a 
constant fire of guns and musketry, which was so smartly returned both by 
the brig and boats, that they soon retired to their former position, 
leaving Lieutenant Fleming in quiet possession of his prize, which proved 
to be the Spanish monarch's brig Raposa, pierced for sixteen, but only 
twelve guns mounted, exclusive of cohorns, swivels, and numerous small 
arms, with a complement of ninety men, but only seventy-five actually on 
board; the captain, Don Joaquin de la Cheva, with the senior lieutenant, 
the civil officers, and a boat's crew, being absent on shore. She appears 
almost a new vessel, coppered, sails well, and, in my humble judgment, 
admirably calculated for His Majesty's service. It is with the most heart- 
felt satisfaction I have to announce, that this service was performed with- 
out the loss of a single man, and only seven slightly wounded. But I 
lament to say, that that pleasure is, in a great measure, damped by the 
great effusion of blood on the part of the enemy, they having had an officer 
und four men killed, many jumped overboard and were drowned, and the 
commanding officer and twenty-five wounded ; many of whom, I am sorry 
to add, are, in the surgeon's opinion, mortally. I have, therefore, from 
motives of humanity, sent the whole of them on shore with a flag of truce, 
where the brave, but unfortunate wounded, can fee better taken care of, 



COMMANDERS. 339 

which, I trust, you will approve. Lieutenant Fleming speaks in the 
highest terms of approbation of the prompt and gallant support he met 
with from Lieutenants Douglas and Mends, as well as the other officers and 
crew under his orders. Indeed there was not a man on board but was 
anxious to be of the party ; and I am sorry I could not indulge Lieutenant 
Thomas John Peshall, the second ; but his presence was absolutely 
necessary on board. 

" To an officer of your discriminating judgment, I trust I shall stand ex- 
cused if I take the liberty of recommending Lieutenant Fleming to your 
notice for his meritorious conduct on this occasion. He appears to me to 
be an officer of distinguished merit and bravery, and I understand he was 
highly respected by his late captain, the good, the amiable, and my gallant 
predecessor, the Honorable John Murray. I have the honor to be, &e. 

(Signed) " C. DASHWOOD." 

Lieutenant Fleming subsequently commanded the Bram- 
ble schooner, and Barbadoes sloop of war, both stationed 
in the West Indies; where he was at length promoted to his 
present rank, by commission dated Nov. 2d, 1814. On the 
llth April preceding, he had captured the American priva- 
teer Polly, mounting one long 18-pounder and four long; 
sixes, with a complement of 57 men. He afterwards, in the 
same sloop, added the following armed vessels to his list of 
prizes : 

Fox, privateer schooner, 7 guns and 72 men, taken Jan. llth; F~i- 
dette, letter of marque brigantine, 3 guns and 30 men, Feb. 15th; and 
Avon, privateer brig, 14 guns and 129 men, March 8th, 1815. 

The Avon, (pierced for 22 guns,) mounted three long 24- 
pounders and eleven long nines. She sustained a short action 
with the Barbadoes, and had ten of her crew killed and 
wounded ; the British, one officer and three men wounded. 

We lastly find Commander Fleming assisting at the reduc- 
tion of Guadaloupe, in Aug. 1815 ; on which occasion his 
conduct was highly praised by Reaf-Adiniral Sir Philip 
Durham. 



RICHARD JOHN LEWIN, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant on the 27th Dec. 1808; appointed 
to the Minerva frigate, Captain Richard Hawkins, Oct. 30th, 

7.2 



340 COMMANDERS. 

1812; and promoted to the command of the Electra sloop, 
while serving as first of the North Star 20, Captain Thomas 
Coe, Nov. 4th, 1814. 

He married, in Sept. 1825, Jane, relict of the late W. 
Plumer, Esq. M. P. j and died, at Plymouth, May 22d, 1827- 



ROBERT BALLARD YATES, ESQ. 

SON of A. Nicholas Yates, Esq. formerly naval officer at 
Jamaica. He was made a lieutenant in Sept. 1800; and 
commander on the 15th Nov. 1814. He married, Oct. 16th, 
1820, Mary Jane, youngest daughter of Major-General Charles 
N .Cookson. 



CHARLES SEWARD, ESQ. 

WAS wounded while serving as midshipman of the Majestic 
74, Captain George B. Westcott, at the memorable battle of 
the Nile . He obtained the rank of lieutenant on the 31st 
Aug. 1801 ; and, we believe, served during part of the late 
war, under the flags of Earl St. Vincent and Sir W. Sidney 
Smith, in the Hibernia 110, and Foudroyant 80. 



THOMAS MORGAN, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in May, 1809; and commande 
on the 16th Dec. 1814. 



RICHARD WEYMOUTH, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in Feb. 1801 ; appointed first of the 
Thisbe 28, armed en flute, bearing the flag of Sir Charles 
Hamilton, in the river Thames, Oct. 13th, 1813; and pro- 
moted to the rank of commander, Dec. 13th, 1814. 

This officer was an active and useful member of the Bethel 
Union ; and compiler of the " Naval, Military, and Village 



. COMMANDERS. 341 

Hymn Book." He died at Devonport, after an illness of 
only twelve hours duration, in Aug. 1832, aged 51 years. 



GEORGE GORDON, ESQ. 

SERVED as midshipman on board the Blanche frigate, 
Captain Sir Thomas Lavie, with whom he was wrecked and 
taken prisoner, near Ushant, in the night of March 4, 1807. 
On this disastrous occasion, about 45 seamen and marines pe- 
rished; one-third of whom through drunkenness*. He was 
made a lieutenant on the 26th Nov. 1810; appointed to the 
flag-ship of the commander-in- chief at Plymouth, June 4th, 
1811 ; and promoted from her to his present rank, Jan. 9th, 
1815. 



DAVID BOYD, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant on the 30th May, 1800. We first 
find him commanding the Gracieuse schooner, a tender to 
the flag ship of Vice-Admiral J. R. Dacres, on the Jamaica 
station, where, in company with the Gipsy schooner, he 
captured, after a running tight, the Spanish privateer schooner 
Juliana, mounting one long brass 18-pounder amid-ships, 
and four 12-pounder carronades, with a complement of 83 
men, Dec. 27th, 1807. The enemy's loss consisted of eight 
men killed and six wounded ; the British had only one man 
wounded. 

Lieutenant Boyd subsequently commanded the Antelope 
and St. Lawrence schooners ; in the former of which he re- 
turned home from Jamaica, about the close of 1809; and 
from the latter he was promoted to the command of the 
Alban sloop of war, Jan. 17th, 1815. 



* See Nuv. Chron. Vol. 17. p. 3iy. 



342 COMMANDERS. 

>.-;,.<; ..,-. V-'-^a -^rtv;J.>*^ ,--;-: W .*>4fj ..,.;: 

WILLIAM AUGUSTUS BAUMGARDT, ESQ. 



OBTAINED the rank of lieutenant in Nov. 1806; and com- 
manded a division of boats belonging to the squadron under 
Captain (now Sir Jahleel) Brenton, at the capture of Pesaro, 
in the Gulf of Venice, April 23d, 1809. He subsequently 
assisted at the capture of Cesenatico ; Lusin, an island on 
the coast of Croatia, on which occasion his gallant conduct 
was particularly spoken of; and the islands of Zante, Cepha- 
lonia, and Cerigo.* On the 25th April, 1810, he commanded 
the boats of the Spartan and her consorts, at the capture of 
an armed ship and three barks, under the castle of Terre- 
cinof ; and on the 3d May following, bore a distinguished 
part in Captain Brenton's action with the Neapolitan squadron 
and flotilla^ . 

We next find this officer appointed to the Queen Charlotte, 
first rate, bearing the flag of Viscount Keith, on the Channel 
station. He obtained his present rank on the 28th Feb. 
1815; afterwards acted, for about two months, as captain of 
the Madagascar frigate, at Sheerness; commissioned the 
Raleigh sloop, for the West India station, in Aug. 1818; 
invalided from her on the 10th Aug. 1820; and subsequently 
held the appointment of inspecting commander in the pre- 
ventive service, at Exmouth, where he was superseded in \ 
1825. 



CHARLES CUNLIFFE OWEN, ESQ. 

Is the son of an attorney-at-law. He passed his exami- 
nation in Nov. 1807 5 was made lieutenant into the Dread- 
nought 98, Captain William Lechmere, Feb. 13th, 1808 
appointed to the Lake service in Canada, under Sir James 
Lucas Yeo, in 1813; and promoted to the rank of com- 
mander on the 28th Feb. 1815. 



See Suppl. Part IH. p. 350, etseq. f See Id. p. 123. 

I See Vol. II. Part I, p. 268, et sty. 



COMMANDERS. 343 

This officer married, Jan. 9th, 1821, Mary Peckwell, 
daughter of. Mr. Serjeant Blossett. 



PHILIP GEORGE HAYMES, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant on the 20th Nov. 1812; and ap- 
pointed to the Royal Oak 74, bearing the flag of Lord Ame- 
lius Beauclerk, Dec. 30th following. After the abdication, 
of Napoleon Buonaparte, he continued in the same ship, 
under the flag of Rear-Admiral (now Sir Pulteney) Mal- 
colm; proceeded with that officer to Bermuda and the 
Chesapeake, acted as aide-de-camp to Major-General Ross 
during the operations against Washington and Baltimore, 
received the last words of that much lamented officer, and 
afterwards was attached to the late Major-General Gibbs, 
in the expedition against New Orleans*. He obtained his 
present rank on the 13th Mar. 1815. 



JUSTINIAN BARRELL, ESQ. 

GREAT-GRANDSON of the late General William BarrelJ, 
fifteen years colonel of the 4th (King's Own) regiment, go- 
vernor of Pendennis Castle, &c. who died in 1749 ; leaving an 
only son, Savage Barrell, Esq. of Ashford, near Staines, who 
by his wife, the sister of General Rainsford, left issue three 
sons. 

Mr. JUSTINIAN BARRELL entered into the royal navy 
about the commencement of the French revolutionary war; 
and was a youngster on board the Brunswick 74, at the ever 
memorable battle of June 1st, 1794; on which occasion that 
ship was most dreadfully cut up, and sustained a far greater 
loss than any other of the British fleet ; it amounted to no 
less than 44 officers and men slain, and 115 wounded: 
among the latter (and who soon afterwards died of his 
wounds), was her heroic captain, John Harvey, of whom we 



See Vol. III. Part. I, p. 4. 



344 COMMANDERS. 

have spoken at p. 613 of Vol. I. Part II. From this period, 
Mr. Barrell served, M r ithout intermission, as midshipman and 
master's mate, of the Russell 74 ; Kingfisher sloop, in which 
vessel he witnessed the capture of the French brig Egalite, 
of 20 gun's and 200 men, and le Ge"ndral privateer, of J 4 guns 
and J04 men, on the Lisbon station*; Kent 74, bearing 
the flag of Lord Duncan, in the . expedition against the 
Helder (17^9) ; Zebra bomb, Captain Edward Sneyd Clay 
attached to the Elsineur expedition, under Vice-Admiral 
Dickson, in 1800; Plover sloop, Captain Edward Galwey; 
and Santa Margaritta frigate, successively commanded by 
Captains Augustus Leveson Govver, Henry Whiteby, and 
Wilson Rachborne ; until appointed by Admiral (afterwards 
Sir William) Young, acting lieutenant of the Dispatch, a 
fine new 18 gun-brig, in Aug. 1805. 

Previous to the peace of Amiens, Mr. Barrell, while in 
charge of a prize, taken by the Plover, had a severe attack 
of yellow fever ; and, after quitting the naval hospital at 
Barbadoes, was for some time a supernumerary on board 
the Melpomene frigate, Captain (now Admiral) Sir Charles 
Hamilton. In 1802, the Plover, owing to a strong lee 
current, which took the ship near six points out of her course, 
struck on Anegada reef, where she lay about thirty hours, 
during which her masts were cut away, her guns, carriages, 
and all heavy stores thrown overboard : she then floated, and 
by setting two small square sails, and steering with a raft 
which had been formed to save the crew in case of need, was 
got into Spanish Town Sound (island of Virgin Gorda), 
about nine leagues to leeward. From thence she proceeded 
to Jamaica, where Mr. Barrell, having passed his examina- 
tion, and been recommended to Captain Gower, joined the 
Santa Margaritta, which ship returned home in Aug. 1803, 
and was subsequently employed on Channel service t* 



* See Vol. I. Part II. pp. 762 and 814. 

t Captain Gower died at Port Royal, Jamaica, Aug. 22d, 1802, aged 
only 22 years : he was the fourth son of the late Rear-Admiral the 
Hon. John Leveson Gower. 



COMMANDERS. 345 

In the winter of 1805-6, the Dispatch encountered a long 
and heavy gale in the Bay of Biscay, and Mr. Barrell was 
the only officer who would undertake to represent to her 
commander, now Captain Edward Hawkins, the necessity of 
throwing some of her guns overboard. On his taking charge 
of the deck at four P.M., he accordingly went down to the 
cahin, and suggested the propriety of so lightening the vessel 
in that manner, as the only means of securing her safety for 
the night : the reply was, t( I will be up directly ;" and in a 
short time, ten guns were engulphed : the brig then became 
like a perfect life-boat, and continued so during the remainder 
of the gale. We should observe that, previous to this, every 
thing had been done to lighten her aloft, even to the lowering 
of the main-yard to within a few feet of the booms. 

The Dispatch formed part of the squadron under Rear- 
Admiral Sir Thomas Louis, at the capture of the French 
frigate le Presidente, Sept. 27th, 1806*, the only shot which 
hulled the enemy, during a cannonade of exactly an hour's 
duration, was the first fired, and that by Mr. Barrell. 

After this cruise the Dispatch was commanded by Captain 
James Lillicrap, under whom Mr. Barrell continued to serve 
as acting lieutenant until the termination of the operations 
against Copenhagen, in ISO/t ; when we find him placed on 
Lord Gambier's list for promotion. On his return home, he 
was placed in charge of the Princess Caroline, a Danish 74, full 
of stores, at Spithead, where he remained some weeks, with 
never more than 200 men, including troops, on board ; and 
at times with only half that number. During this period^ the 
weather being very tempestuous, the ship frequently drove, 
brought both bowers a-head, and compelled him to let go the 
sheet anchor. He at length conducted her into Portsmouth 
harbour; and, a few days after she was dismantled, received 



* SeeSuppl. Parti, p. 176. 
f See Suppl. Tart. II. p. 227, ft. seq. 



246 COMMANDERS. 

a commission, dated Dec. 19th, 1807, appointing him lieu- 
tenant of the Dispatch. Between the date of his acting 
order and this, no less than 800 midshipmen had passed over 
his head, by being placed on the list of lieutenants. We 
know of no other instance in which an officer ever held an 
acting order for nearly two years and a half, the greater part 
of the time on the home station. During this period Mr. 
Barrell had been occasionally employed on boat service j and 
on one occasion was nearly taken prisoner by a body of 
French troops, who came down to the beach unperceived, 
while he was endeavouring to bring off a grounded chasse- 
maree. In this instance, he appears to have behaved with 
great coolness, steering the boat, under sail, himself, and 
causing the whole of his crew to lie under the thwarts 
until out of danger. 

In 1808, the Dispatch proceeded to the Jamaica station, 
where she continued under the command of Captain Lilli- 
crap and his successor, Captain James Aberdour, for a 
period of three years. While there, Mr. Barrell, then first 
lieutenant, constructed a Pakenham rudder, with which the 
Brazen sloop of war was steered from Cape Franpois, St. 
Domingo, to Port Royal, where it was ordered to be kept in 
the dock-yard for inspection. Previous to his return home, 
he had the temporary command of the Dispatch for three 
weeks in the Gulf of Maracaybo. 

In Nov. 181 1, the Dispatch having been paid off, Lieutenant 
Barrell joined the Loire frigate, then commanded by Captain 
Alexander W. Schomberg, but subsequently by Captains 
George W. Blaney and Thomas Brown, under which latter 
officer he served until appointed flag-lieutenant to Rear-Admi- 
ral Foote, at Portsmouth, in 1813. Up to this period he had 
been present at the capture and destruction of no less than 
thirty-nine French, Dutch, and Danish ships of the line, 
twenty-six frigates, eight corvettes, thirteen large brigs, one 
cutter, twenty-five gun-vessels, and several small privateers 
and row-boats. 

On the 18th Feb. 1815, Rear-Admiral Foote struck his 



COMMANDERS. 34/ 

flag ; and on the 8th of the following month, addressed the 
secretary of the Admiralty as follows : 

" Sir, I request you will be pleased to lay before the Lords Commis- 
sioners of the Admiralty, the enclosed suggestions of my late flag-lieu- 
tenant, Justinian Barrell, on an improved mode of supplying and receiving 
stores. 

" After much reflection, and some experience, I beg to assure their 
lordships that I most entirely coincide in opinion with Lieutenant Barrell, 
whose assiduity and uniform good conduct entitle him to my warmest 
commendation. I have the honor to be, &c. 

(Signed) " E. J. FOOTE." 

ENCLOSURE. 

" Rear- Admiral's Office, Portsmouth Dockyard, 
Jan. 3lst, 1815. 

" Sir, Having, under your direction, many occasions of observing the 
losses and delays in conveying stores of all kinds from the dock-yard to 
H. M. ships, and the desertion, drunkenness, and irregularities among 
the seamen sent for this purpose, I beg to lay before you what has na- 
turally occurred to me, from the mode of conveying stores from the 
ordnance and victualling departments, although the advantage to the 
King's service is much more evident in the dock-yard stores, as will ap- 
pear from the annexed Reference No'. I. 

, " When stores are to be conveyed to foreign stations in ships of war, 
they are shipped in sailing lighters in a few hours by the dock-yard peo- 
ple, who are accustomed to the business ; but the delays, confusion, and 
inconvenience incident to the warrant-officers drawing stores are so va- 
rious, that they will most properly appear in Reference No. II. 

" In my situation, it may appear presumptuous to pretend to calculate 
the additional number of lighters, or of labourers, to render ships' boats 
and seamen unnecessary ; but from the rough sketch which is made in 
Reference No. HI., some idea may be formed of the expence : still less is 
it in my power to estimate the loss of stores and boats, with their gear; 
or of men, by desertion, sickness, and the upsetting or swamping of ships' 
boats ; but I am very much mistaken if those losses do not far exceed the 
expence proposed as a remedy. 

" If the sending officers and men from Spithead to Portsmouth dock- 
yard, and the shipping of stores from thence in open boats, are attended 
with losses and delay, the performance of the same service at the Nore, 
in the Downs, and Cawsaud bay, is still more objectionable. I have the 
honor to be, &c. 

(Signed) " JUSTINIAN BARRELL, Flag-Lieutenant." 

" To Rear-Adm'md Foote." 



348 COMMANDERS. 

REFERENCE NO. T. 

" From the naval officers being unacquainted \vitb the numerous and 
tedious forms required in the drawing and returning of stores (which are 
not even the same in all the dock-yards), much delay is caused to the party 
sent from the ship, and to those who issue the stores. 

" Seamen sent to the dock-yard are deprived of their best meals ; as it 
is impossible for men of different messes to take beef with them ; or could 
it be cooked at the yard, if they did; on banyan days, pease only are 
boiled ; and the privation of substantial food is often the cause of unin- 
tentional drunkenness ; as a small quantity of strong beer will intoxicate 
a man whose stomach is empty. 

".The men, in the winter months, frequently get wet early in the day; 
and not only remain so, but are obliged to sleep in wet cloaths, when pre- 
vented by bad weather from returning to their own ships, which causes 
desertion, drunkenness, and discontent. 

" To prevent these and many other irregularities, all demands, after 
being ' approved,' and warrant officers' remains, should be lodged at the 
dock-yard, and the stores shipped by the dock-yard people, as in the ord- 
nance and victualling departments ; by which a ship would be completed 
in one-third of the time now taken by her own boats and their crews, 
whose daily labour frequently amounts to the loading one boat, which, 
after attempting to get off to the ship, is obliged to return with the stores 
damaged, and sometimes destroyed. I have seen eighty guineas' worth of 
oil and paint completely destroyed in one boat; but the loss of valuable 
lives is a much more serious consideration. 

" Bills of lading and a counterpart should be sent off with the stores, to 
be signed by the commanding and warrant officers ; those papers are print- 
ed, and now in use as warrants, and might in a very short time be filled up 
as bills of lading. 

" The dock-yard stores are the most valuable part of a ship's equip- 
ment ; and as sails, cordage, twine, &c. are materially injured by wet, or 
even by being put away in a damp state, their being taken on board the 
ship dry, without damage, and at a suitable time, is of great consequence, 
both in the preservation of the sea-store, and the expediting of the ship's 
equipment. 

" The yard-vessels, to prevent embezzlement, may be each under the 
command of warrant-officers of good character, being in ordinary or borne 
on the check, the boatswain and carpenter of the ship fitting attending as 
the gunners are directed to do at the gun-wharf, by the 39th and 47th ar- 
ticles of the Port Orders ; viz. ' Gunners only to attend at the shipping 
their stores at the gun-wharf, and sign indents, before the ships to which 
they belong proceed to sea. When gunners' stores are returned, the cap- 
tain or commanding officer is to cause the hatches of the hoy to be safely 
locked, the key sealed up, and given to the master for delivery to the offi- 
cer of the department on shore.' 



COMMANDERS. 



349 



" A boat may be sent to the yard for present-use stores only, to prevent 
delay, in the same manner as is in practice for obtaining 1 a small quantity 
of provisions, when so large a vessel as a lighter is unnecessary ; and great 
attention should be paid not to detain this boat, by giving her the prefer- 
ence, which would prevent the detention exceeding one hour. 

" All condemned and unserviceable stores should be returned before 
ships begin to refit ; the clerk of the survey frequently complains of stores 
being returned by ships' boats, at different periods, as opportunities offer 
which makes the attendance of clerks necessary, when they should be on 
other duties, and occasions complex and irregular accounts." 

REFERENCE NO. II. 

" When many ships and vessels are receiving and returning stores (and 
I have known from thirty to forty ships' boats on this duty on the same 
day), it will occur without any neglect on the part of the dock-yard officers, 
or their clerks, that many warrant officers must be unattended to, as the 
store-keepers' clerks attend both the issuing and receiving of stores, and 
cannot serve more than Jive ships at one time. 

" The duty to be performed at the dock-yard causes the boatswain and 
carpenter to be absent from their ship when fitting or refitting, though the 
service would be much expedited by the personal attention of the former 
to his duty on board; more particularly as the rigging in his absence, is 
often undesignedly cut out to waste; and the shipwrights and caulkers 
frequently require the carpenter to point out defects ; and his presence is 
indispensable to their executing their duty properly. 

" The men sent with these warrant-officers to the yard (more particu- 
larly from small ships and vessels) reduce the working strength afloat so 
much as very materially to retard the equipment of the ship. 

" The warrant officers must get the demands signed by the master 
attendant, or builder, and clerk of the survey, at whose office, notes or 
warrants to the store-keeper and timber-master, for the delivery of the 
stores are given; and these warrants to be signed the same as the demands, 
and numbered at the present-use store. 

"The warrant thus fur completed, the warrant officers proceed to draw- 
ing their stores, considering they have no farther difficulty to experience ; 
but they have still to learn where every article is issued : At the paint shop 
a document, unknown to them, is required, namely, " a note for the paint 
and oil from a clerk at the store-keeper's office," taken from the warrant. 

" The warrant-officers, thus disappointed, go to the office for the clerk, 
whose duty, probably, has, at the same time, obliged him to beat the sail- 
loft, or at some of the store-houses, and are told that no other clerk can 
assist them without the direction of the store-keeper, who may be at the 
weigh-bridge, present-use store, or lot-yard ; much time is lost by the 
warrant officers and their parties thus going over half the yard in quest 
of dock-yard officers, with whose persons they are unacquainted, and 



350 COMMANDERS. 

finding that they are losing time, they determine to try to get some other 
article, very likely a boat ; away they go with their parties to the boat- 
house (which is at a considerable distance from the store-keeper's office, 
and from many of the store-houses) where they are told they must go 
back to the lot-yard fora note, without which a boat cannot be delivered. 

" Many stores, such as boats, boat-sails, plank, spars, treenails, wedges, 
tables, paint, oil, &c. are issued by persons at the store-houses, at a con- 
siderable distance from each other, " by notes" taken from the warrant, 
by clerks at different offices. It frequently happens that days, indeed 
weeks elapse, before the whole of the above-named stores are drawn ; and, 
if the notes are lost (as is sometimes the case) a duplicate must be obtained; 
or if the articles are considered of little moment, and can be got off charge 
by expenditure, they shift without them, although they are solved on the 
warrant as delivered. 

" The forms in returning stores are still more difficult. The foreman 
afloat, who is often examining some ship in the harbour, must be brought 
to attend with a survey clerk, a block-maker to examine the blocks, a black- 
smith to overhaul pins, hooks, thimbles, &c. labourers from the store- 
keeper's department to measure all cables, cordage, &c. ; which is first to 
be inspected by a master-attendant ; thus are the warrant officers pacing 
from place to place in search of people ; frequently to no purpose. After 
the stores are thus examined and surveyed, a return note is made by the 
survey -clerk; this note the warrant officers have to get signed, and an issue- 
note or warrant, but numbered at the store-keeper's office, by an issuing 
clerk, whose duty has probably taken him from the office ; when the 
note is completed, storekeeper's clerks receive the stores by it ; many arti- 
cles mentioned therein, the warrant-officers are told to take to distant parts 
of the yard, where they receive small notes for them, by which (being 
taken to the clerks) the stores are solved as returned. Many officers are 
not aware of such notes being required, and when they think they have 
done with the yard duty, they are often a day or two collecting them. 
The warrant officers being also ignorant of the particular places where 
stores are lodged, causes much delay; labourers employed in this duty 
would readily bring the proper persons to act together, and would know 
the store or place into which every serviceable or decayed article should be 
returned ; the warrant-officers only attending to see the account taken of 
the stores. 

"Only a few of the forms are here mentioned; there are many others too 
intricate to be described. 

" Sea and Foreign stores can be shipped in one summer's day (and from 
three to five ships attended to at the same time) by persons acquainted 
with the routine ; due attention being paid by the issuing departments ; 
whereas this duty is seldom accomplished by the officers and men sent 
from the ships, in less than four days. 



COMMANDERS. 351 

*' Of the warrant officers tried by courts-martial, I believe two-thirds are 
for neglect or irregularity when on dock-yard duty." 

REFERENCE NO. III. 

" Seven lighters, of about sixty tons each, and one decked-boat belong- 
ing to the yard, were employed at Portsmouth dock-yard during the 
French war ; instances frequently occurred in the winter time of one of 
these vessels being employed three weeks on a service, which might have 
been performed in less than one, if done under the direction of the dock- 
yard people. During this delay, other ships were using newly drawn 
boats in endeavouring to get their stores off. 

" As so much more expedition would be used by the stores being 
entirely shipped by dock-yard people, there is reason to believe that no 
more lighters, or decked boats, would be required; at all events/our, of 
about twenty tons each, to convey present-use stores to the large ships, 
and sea and foreign stores to the smaller vessels, would be sufficient. 

" It is presumed that no more than sixty additional labourers would be 
required; all heavy work being now performed by convicts. 

" Lighters of sixty tons burthen were, I believe, hired during the 
French war, at 2SL each, per month, and vessels from fifteen to twenty 
tons would probably cost from 12/. to 15/. each. These vessels might be 
built in the dock-yard, and two men borne on the yard books as riggers, 
attached to each, allowing the whole to be hired- 

" Sixty labourers, at 17*. 6rf. per week . . .2730 
Four vessels, 15/. each, per month . . . 720 

Per annum ,3450 



* Of the many serious accidents which have befallen the crews of boats 
employed on dock-yard duty, the following came within the notice of offi- 
cers now on the spot. 

" Thirty-five men were lost in the Hibernia's launch, and fourteen in the 
Dreadnought's, at Plymouth, in 1808 and 1809. Fifteen were lost in the 
Bombay's cutter, in the Downs, in 1809. About fifteen in one of the 
Caesar's boats, at Plymouth, in 1798. The Impetueux's cutter, full of 
stores, sunk alongside the Santa Margaritta, in Hamoaze, (on her way to 
Cawsand Bay) ; the boat, stores, and coxswain were lost. The Princess 
f Orange's launch, loaded with cordage, sunk in the. Downs, in 1810; 
two men were drowned, and the boat, and stores were lost." 

.Extract of a letter from the carpenter of the Valiant 74, to her captain, 

dated March 8th, 1814. 

" From Cawsand Bay, with the wind northerly, and tide of ebb, a 
launch is often two or three hours getting to the dock-yard, the boat's- 
i/rew wet and fatigued ; by the time the old stores are landed, and laid 



352 COMMANDKRS. 

out for survey, it is eleven o'clock, the carpenter informs the clerk of the 
survey, his stores are ready for examination; he tells the carpenter to get 
the foreman afloat to attend, and by the time he is, one of his clerks 
shall be there. The. carpenter then makes the best of his way to the fore- 
man afloat's office, and finds no person there ; he then is at a loss, and asks 
the first person he meets, who readily tells him he is gone afloat ; perhaps 
he is on board the ship the stores belong to, to consult the carpenter about 
the defects. In the afternoon they all go on board, winter time, dark, wet, 
cold, and hungry, and often times obliged to bear up for the guard-ship, 
and lie in their wet cloathes all night, the ship's duty standing fast for 
want of men and boats; the rigging wants overhauling, provisions, water, 
beer, coals, &c. alongside the same day, and the commanding officer is 
under the necessity of sending some of the lighters away loaded, for want 
of hands to discharge them; the next day, if the weather permits, they are 
at the dock-yard again ; perhaps the carpenter's stores are surveyed, and 
by the time the old stores are taken to their respective places, and warrant 
out from demand, and properly signed by the master shipwright, and 
clerk of the survey, it is time to go on board. 

" The third day they are at the dock yard, and the warrant signed, the 
carpenter (a stranger) takes it to the store-houses ; perhaps they tell him 
they are busy, and by the time he gets his plank, &c. they will serve him ; 
that Mr. Richards will deliver the plank, Mr. Thomas the deals, and Mr. 
Handle the wedges and treenails : he is now at a loss to find either of those 
persons, as their duty calls them to many parts of the yard, neither he, 
nor any of his party know them if they meet them ; and by this method it 
takes all the time the ship is refitting for the carpenter to draw his stores, 
and it is a mere impossibility that he can see the ship's defects made good ; 
and it may be said, as to the defects, that the ship is refitting without a 
carpenter, as he scarcely sees her by day-light. Although there are 
many inconveniencies to the service by the above method of drawing stores, 
yet there is no blame to be attached to any individual ; for the forems 
afloat must go to his respective ships, &c. 

" I beg leave to propose a plan, that if a carpenter of the navy was ap- 
pointed to survey the old stores, with the survey clerk, the carpenter to 
whom the stores belong, would have no more to do than to leave the de- 
mand, &c. properly signed, and the captain of the ship to nominal 
the day, the stores to be ready. There is the former and latter parts of 
the day lost, and so is every blowing day : I can venture to undertake 
with six yard labourers, to complete a 74-gun ship's stores in a day and 
half, and so in proportion for other ships. If this should meet with appro- 
bation, the trial will be no expence, and in my humble opinion, the wear 
and tear of the boats, and their furniture, is more than double what will 
compensate for the labourers' wages, and every man will have his dinner 
warm and comfortable, which was not the case before 

" The mode of drawing stores at Plymouth is so very different fron 



COMMANDERS. 



353 



that at Portsmouth, that a person coming once in eight or fourteen months 
cannot know how to proceed. 

" The following occurrence was related to me by the boatswain of the 
Scipion 74 : 

" The Scipion, being complete for Channel service, sailed from Ports- 
mouth to Plymouth in the early part of July, 1812, where she was ordered 
to fit foreign; the seamen having been paid, the Commander-in-chief re- 
quested the commissioner would send the stores off without any other 
men than the warrant officers attending from the Scipion ; the warrants 
being ready, the warrant officers landed at the dock-yard at half-past one 
o'clock, and by six their stores were all shipped (filling three lighters) by 
yard labourers, and sent off to the ship ; the next day several lighters and 
launches full of stores for foreign yards were sent off in the same manner; 
the warrant officers attending and indenting for the whole." 

The manner in which this plan was received at head- 
quarters will be seen by the following letter : 

"Admiralty Office, 1<M Mar. 1815. 

" Sir, Having laid before my Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty 
your letter of the 8th instant, enclosing one from Lieutenant J. Barrel!, 
containing suggestions on an improved mode of supplying and receiving 
stores, I have their Lordships' commands to signify their direction to you 
to express to Lieutenant Barrell their Lordships' thanks for his communi- 
cation. I am, &c. (Signed) " JN. BARROW." 

" To Rear-Admiral Foote." 

In a private letter to the same officer from Sir George 
Hope, then a Lord of the Admiralty, there is the following 
passage : 

" Although there can be no occasion to adopt, during peace, the plan 
suggested by your flag-lieutenant, it is certainly a subject well worthy con- 
sideration for a future war." 

Lieutenant Barrell was promoted to the rank of com- 
mander on the eleventh day after the date of Mr. Barrow's 
letter. We should here observe, that he became flag-lieu- 
tenant to Rear-Admiral Foote with the clear understanding 
that he was not to expect promotion would be the result of 
lis holding that appointment ; the rear-admiral having then 
, nephew and other young friends depending upon the exertion 
)f his influence in their behalf. 

This officer married, in 1811, Miss Townley. 



VOL, IV. PART f, 2 A 



354 COMMANDERS. 

BARTHOLOMEW KENT, ESQ. 

ELDEST son of the late John Kent, Esq., many years a 
purser in the royal navy, who, in consideration of his long 
services, was, in 1803, appointed by Earl St. Vincent to the 
civil situation of steward of the royal naval hospital at Ply- 
mouth, where he died in 1827- 

This officer's paternal grandfather married the eldest sister 
of the late Vice-Adiniral John Hunter, many years governor 
of New South Wales ; and grand-niece of the Lord Provost 
Drummond, of Edinburgh. His father's brothers were, 
William, captain of the Union 98, who died on board that 
ship, off the mouth of the Rhone, in Aug. 1812; and Henry, 
commander of the Dover 44, armed en flute, who died on 
the coast of Egypt, in 1801, His maternal uncles were all 
brought up in the military service, viz. Robert Wright, a 
colonel of the royal regiment of artillery, who commanded 
that corps in Scotland, and served as aid-de--camp to the late 
Duke of Kent, in Nova Scotia and at Gibraltar, died in 1823 
or 1824; Peter, a captain in the Hon. E. I. C. infantry, died 
of wounds received in battle at Ceylon ; and George, now a 
colonel of the royal engineers. His surviving brothers, Wil- 
liam George Carlile and Henry, are commanders in the royal 
navy * ; another, John, late first lieutenant of the Thais 
frigate, died at Stonehouse, after a lingering illness of four- 
teen months, occasioned by over-exertion in his professional 
duties, Jan. 27th, 1816 f. One of his cousins, Bartholomew 
Kent, first lieutenant of the Goliath 74, Captain (afterwards 
Sir Charles) Brisbane, was killed in a boat affair, under the 
batteries of Sable d'Ollone, in 1803 ; and another, Lieutenant 
Mark Kent, R. N., died at sea in 1828. 

Mr. BARTHOLOMEW KENT, the subject of this memoir, 
commenced his naval career, at the age of thirteen years, 
under the auspices of the late Vice-Admiral Sir William 
Mitchell, and served with that officer and Captains the Hon. 



* See p. 161. f See Nav, Chron. v. 35, p. 176. 



COMMANDERS. 355 

Alan Hyde (afterwards Viscount) Gardner, the Hon. John 
Murray, and Theophilus Jones, in the Resolution 74, and 
Atlas 98, attached to the Channel fleet, until the termination 
of hostilities in 1 801 . He then joined the Buffalo store-ship, 
commanded by his uncle, Captain William Kent, and destined 
to New South Wales ; where, in April 1803, he received an 
appointment to act as lieutenant, which was confirmed by the 
Admiralty on the 2d May, 1804. 

The Buffalo was principally employed in conveying sup- 
plies to our settlements in that distant quarter, and survey- 
ing some of the South Sea islands. In June 1805, Mr. B. 
Kent was appointed first lieutenant of the Investigator sloop, 
then about to sail for England ; and on that ship being paid 
off, in Jan. 1806, he immediately joined the Thames frigate, 
Captain Brydges W. Taylor, employed in the blockade of 
Boulogne. 

After an ineffectual attempt to destroy the enemy's in- 
vasion flotilla, by means of rockets, on which occasion Lieu- 
tenant Kent commanded a boat, the Thames was sent, 
with the Phoebe frigate in company, to Iceland, for the pro- 
tection of the Greenland fishery; but she had not the good 
fortune to fall in with any of the enemy's cruisers. On her 
return home, about Mar. 1807, Lieutenant Kent was appointed 
first of the Hussar 38, Captain Robert Lloyd, in which ship 
he was present at the bombardment of Copenhagen, and the 
consequent surrender of the Danish navy, Aug. and Sept. 
1807. 

The Hussar was subsequently employed, for eighteen 
months, in the West Indies and on the Halifax station, 
where she appears to have captured four letters of marque. 
On her being ordered home, Lieutenant Kent followed Cap- 
tain Lloyd into the Guerriere 38, in which frigate he con- 
tinued, under Captains Samuel John Pechell and James 
Uchard Dacres, until she was captured by the United States' 
ship Constitution, after a severe action, Aug. 19th, 1812. 
On this unfortunate occasion he was wcnnded by a splinter, 
mt continued to assist his captain until the end of the con- 
lict: his readiness to lead on the boarders, and his gallant 

2 A 2 



356 COMMANDERS. 

exertions throughout the whole affair, were duly acknow- 
ledged, as will be seen by reference to Vol. II. Part II. 
p. 974 et seg. 

Previous to this unlucky rencontre, the Guerriere had been 
one of the most successful cruisers on the North American 
station, having, amongst other prizes, taken three vessels 
with very valuable cargoes, from Bourdeaux, for a breach of 
the Orders in Council. 

About a fortnight after their arrival at Boston, the captain, 
surviving officers, and ship's company of the late Guerriere, 
were exchanged and sent to Halifax, where they underwent 
the usual trial by court-martial, and obtained an honorable 
acquittal. This ordeal over, Lieutenant Kent was preparing 
to return home, but had not completed his arrangements when 
he was sent for by Admiral Sir John B. Warren, and informed 
that it was his intention to retain him on the station, and 
that he had accordingly appointed him to the command of the 
Nova Scotia brig, formerly an American privateer; in which 
vessel, during the winter of 1812, we find him employed in 
convoying the trade between Halifax and New Brunswick, 
and cruising in the Bay of Fundy. 

In June 1813, Lieutenant Kent was sent home, with the 
despatches announcing the capture of the American frigate 
Chesapeake ; and on his arrival in England, the Nova Scotia 
having been rated a sloop of war, he appears to have been 
superseded in the command of that vessel by the present 
Captain William Ramsden. Being then placed on the Ad- 
miralty list for promotion, in North America, he immediately 
returned thither, and had the gratification to find that his 
friend Captain Robert Lloyd, having joined the fleet on that 
station, in the Plantagenet 74, had applied for him to be ap- 
pointed his first lieutenant ; a request most readily granted. 
After cruising for some time amongst the West In< 
islands, in quest of the large American frigates, the Plar 
tagenet was attached to the Jamaica station, then agaii 
recently become a separate command. In consequence 
this arrangement, Lieutenant Kent reluctantly left that shi[ 
in order not to lose his chance of an Admiralty vacancy, 



COMMANDERS. 357 

was appointed first of the Asia 74, Captain Alexander Skene. 
He subsequently joined the Tonnant 80, bearing the flag of 
the Hon. Sir Alexander I. Cochrane, from whom he received 
an appointment to command the Weser troop-ship, dated 
Dec. 24th, 1814*. 

At this period, Lieutenant Kent was actively employed in 
the arduous service of disembarking the army destined 
against New Orleans ; and during the disastrous military 
operations in that quarter, we find him on shore, at the 
" Fishermen's Huts," assisting Captain Thomas Ball Suli- 
van in the superintendence of the naval department. On the 
22d Jan. 1815, he assumed the command of the Weser, in 
which ship he was present at the capture of Mobile, and 
afterwards employed in bringing home from Quebec the 
seamen who had been serving on the Canadian Lakes. The 
Weser was paid off at Portsmouth, Oct. 2/th, 1815. 

Commander B. Kent married, Aug. 23d, 1823, Penelope 
Percival, only surviving child of his uncle Commander Henry 
Kent. In 1831, he had a severe attack of erysipelas, and his 
life, for some time, hung on a thread. This disease first at- 
tacked his young cousin and guest, Mr. George Collier Kerr, 
who ultimately recovered ; but Mrs. Kent and the father of 
the youth, Captain Alexander R. Kerr, C. B., in the course of 
one short week, unfortunately fell victims to it. 



SILAS THOMSON HOOD, ESQ. 
PASSED his examination in Mar. 1808, and was made a 
lieutenant on the 19th Dec. 1809. We first find him serving 
in the Bacchante frigate, Captain (afterwards Sir William) 
Hoste, by whom he was often highly eulogised for his gallant 
conduct, on the Mediterranean station. In Sept. 1812, he 
"most ably seconded" Lieutenant (now Captain) Donat H. 
O'Brien, in a successful attack upon an enemy's convoy, from 
Barri bound to Venice; and in Jan. 1813, at the capture of 
five gun-vessels, near Otranto f. On the 14th of the follow- 

* Confirmed by the Admiralty Mar. 29th, 1815 
f See Suppl. Part IV. pp. 2/8 and 280. 



358 COMMANDERS. 

ing month, he received a severe contusion, by a fall, while 
commanding the barge of the same ship at the capture of 
1'A-lcinous, mounting two long 24-pounders, with a comple- 
ment of 45 men his own party only 23 in number. On the 
21st April in the same year, he assumed the duty of senior 
lieutenant; and on the 15th May, commanded a detachment 
of seamen and marines at the destruction of the castle of 
Karlebago *. On the 12th June, 1813, Captain Hoste ad- 
dressed an official letter to Rear-Admiral Fremantle, of which 
the following is a copy : 

" Sir, At day-light this morning, an enemy's convoy were discovered 
under the town of Gala Nova, on the coast of Abruzza ; as I was six or 
seven miles to leeward of them, with a light breeze and a current against 
me, I thought it best to detach the boats, with discretionary orders, to 
the first lieutenant, Hood, either to attack them, or wait till I arrived. He 
found the enemy much stronger than was expected, consisting of seven 
large gun-boats, each mounting one eighteen-pounder in the bow, three 
smaller gun-vessels, with a four-pounder in the bow, and fourteen sail of 
merchant-vessels under their convoy, four of which had guns in the bow 
also. The shore astern of the vessels was lined with troops, entrenched 
on the beach, with two field-pieces. This was the force opposed to a fri- 
gate's boats ; but no disparity of numbers eould check the spirit of the 
brave officers and men employed on this service. The attack was deter- 
mined on instantly, and executed with all the gallantry and spirit which 
men accustomed to danger and to despise it have so frequently shewn ; 
and never was there a finer display of it than on this occasion. The boats 
as they advanced were exposed to a heavy fire of grape and musketry ; 
and it was not till they \vere fairly alongside that the enemy slackened 
their fire, and were driven from their vessels with great loss. 

" The troops on the beach, which the French officers mention as 
amounting to upwards of one hundred men, fled on the first fire ; and the 
field-pieces were destroyed by our marines. Our boats were now in pos- 
session of the convoy, laden with oil, many of which were aground, and 
our men were exposed to a scattered fire of musketry, whilst employed 
in getting them afloat. 

" I beg leave to recommend Lieutenant Hood to the notice of th 
commander-in-chief in the strongest manner. I am unable to do justice 
to his merit : he speaks in the highest possible terms of Lieutenant F. 
Gostling; Lieutenant Webb (acting), who distinguished himself so much 
in the Bacchante's boats in January last, with the Corfu flotilla; Lieu- 
tenants Holmes and Haig, royal marines ; Messrs. Rees, Rous, Hoste, 



* See Vol. II. Part I. p. 477- 



COMMANDERS. 359 

Farewell, Waldegrave, Langton, M'Kean, and Richardson ; and every sea- 
man and marine employed. 

" I regret to say we have suffered severely, though not so much as 
might have been expected from the superiority of force, and the obstinacy 
of the contest. Two seamen and one marine killed, five seamen and one 
marine wounded. 

" This was a Neapolitan flotilla from Ancona bound to Barletta, under 
the direction of French officers, and commanded by a lieutenant de vais- 
seau, Knight of the Order of the Two Sicilies, who is a prisoner on board, 
with several other officers and men. I have the honor to be, &c. 

(Signed) " W. HOSTE, Captain." 

The services subsequently performed by the Bacchante are 
stated in our memoirs of Sir William Hoste and Captain 
Francis Stanfell. Her gallant first lieutenant was promoted 
to the rank of commander on the 27th April, 1815 ; and 
some time afterwards granted a pension for the injury he 
received in Feb. 1813, by which he became eventually de- 
prived of the use of both his legs. He married, in Feb. 
1822, Catharine, eldest daughter of the late Rev. W. Hamil- 
ton, D. D. 

HENRY BOYES, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in Jan. 1803 ; and commander on 
the llth May, 1815. 



JAMES BAYNTON GARDNER, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in Aug. 1803 ; and commander on 
the 13th June, 1815. He died at Paddington, Jan. 18th, 
1823, aged 39 years. 



JOHN SCOTT, ESQ. 

OBTAINED the rank of lieutenant in May, 1805 ; that of 
commander on the 13th June, 1815; and married, in the 
latter year, Miss Cole, of Waltham, co. Essex. 



EDWARD STONE COTGRAVE, ESQ. 

SON of the late Captain Isaac Cotgrave, R. N. This 
officer served as midshipman under his father, in the Gannet 



360 COMMANDERS. 

sloop, on the Downs station. He obtained the rank of 
lieutenant in Jan. 1806 ; a pension for the loss of an eye^ 
Oct. 8th, 1808; and a commission, appointing him to the 
command of the Pylades sloop, June 13th, 1815. Previous 
to this he had served under Captains the Hon. Anthony 
Maitland and Nagle Lock, in the Pique frigate and Jaseur 
sloop. He married, in Feb. 1824, Alicia Mary, eldest daugh- 
ter of the late William Scott, of Camden Place, Bath, Esq. 



NICHOLAS ALEXANDER, ESQ, 

BROTHER to the late Captain Thomas Alexander, C. B., 
who died at Rangoon, during the operations against Ava, in 
Nov. 1825. 

This officer was a midshipman on board the Desire'e fri- 
gate, Captain Henry Inman, at the battle of Copenhagen, 
April 2d, 1801 ; and obtained the rank of lieutenant May 
18th, 1806. His subsequent services are thus briefly stated 
in a memorial addressed to the Admiralty, Feb. 3d, 1815 : 

" He has been twice badly wounded on boat service. He was at the 
capture of Flushing, attached to the flag-ship of Sir Richard J. Strachan, 
and served under him as a lieutenant for three years. He suffered severely 
from the Walcheren fever, and is still labouring under its effects. He 
was employed in the different attacks made on the American flotilla, towns, 
store-houses, &c. &c. in the months of April and May, 1813, in the Che- 
sapeake, on which service he was the senior lieutenant. For his conduct 
on these occasions he received the public thanks of Rear-Admiral Cock- 
burn. He was the senior lieutenant commanding a division of boats in 
the different attacks made on the Baltimore flotilla in the Patuxent, under 
the orders of Captain Robert Barrie. He was employed on shore at Park- 
er's Point, in the Chesapeake, in command of the advance, consisting of 
only 38 marines and a few seamen, when charged by 120 of the United 
States' regular cavalry, supported by 500 infantry with field-pieces : he 
succeeded in dismounting twenty, killing two, wounding several, and tak- 
ing two prisoners, without any loss to the party he had the honor of com- 
manding. He was personally engaged with one of the cavalry, whom he 
wounded and disarmed ; for which service he received the approbation of 
the rear-admiral. He commanded a division of boats at the attacks of 
forts Peter and St. Mary's, as senior lieutenant. He is at present em- 



COMMANDERS. 361 

ployed at Cumberland Island. He has lost two brothers in the military 
service of his country. &c. &c. 

(Signed) " NICHOLAS ALEXANDER, first lieutenant 
H. M. S. Dragon." 

Lieutenant Alexander's memorial was backed by a letter 
to the following effect : 

" Dragon, Chesapeake, Feb. 4th, 1815. 

" Sir, I have received your letter of yesterday's date, and will have 
much pleasure in forwarding your memorial through the cotnraander-in- 
chief; at the same time testifying my full approbation of your general 
and private conduct while serving under my command ; also of your having 
been always a cheerful volunteer whenever service of danger has presented 
itself. 

(Signed) " ROBERT BARRIE, Captain of H.M.S. Dragon, 

and senior officer." 

Lieutenant Alexander obtained the rank of commander 
on the 13th June, 1815; and married, in the same year, 
Susannah, daughter of Mr. William Legrand, of Cork. 



JOHN UNDRELL, ESQ. 

WAS wounded, while serving as midshipman on board the 
Prince of Wales 98, bearing the flag of Sir Robert Calder, in 
action with the combined fleets of France and Spain, July 
22d, 1805. He obtained a lieutenant's commission in Sept. 
1806 ; served as such under Captains George Pigot, and (now 
Sir) Edward Codrington, in the Blossom sloop, and Blake 
74, on the Lisbon and Mediterranean stations; and subse- 
quently acted as commander of the Jalouse, Rinaldo, and 
Shark, sloops. He was advanced to the rank of commander 
on the 13th June, 1815. 



JAMES MANGLES, ESQ. 

Fellow of the Royal Society, and a Member of the London Geographical 

Society. 

THIS officer served the whole of his time as midshipman, 
under Captain (now Vice- Admiral) Donnelly, in the Maid- 



362 COMMANDERS. 

stone and Narcissus frigates, of which latter ship he was ap- 
pointed an acting lieutenant, at the Cape of Good Hope, in 
1806. He had previously distinguished himself at the attack 
of some French vessels lying in Hieres Bay * j and he also 
participated in the subsequent operations in the Rio de la 
Plata. On his return home, he was confirmed by commission, 
appointing him to the Penelope frigate, Captain W. R. 
Broughton, dated Sept. 24th, 1 806. In this ship, latterly 
commanded by Captain John Dick, he served on the Halifax 
station ; and at the reduction of Martinique, by the forces 
under Sir Alexander Cochrane and Lieutenant General 
Beckwith, Feb. 1809+. 

Lieutenant Mangles' next appointment was to the Boyne 
98, fitting out for the flag of Sir Harry Neale, whom he followed 
from that ship into the Ville de Paris 110, and served under as 
flag-lieutenant until after the grand naval review, by the 
allied sovereigns, at Portsmouth, in 1814. He then joined 
the Duncan 74, bearing the flag of Sir John P. Beresford, 
and served as first lieutenant of that ship until appointed by 
Sir Manley Dixon, acting commander of the Racoon sloop, 
at Rio Janeiro, in the beginning of 1815. On his return to 
Plymouth, after escorting part of the Brazilian trade to 
Bristol, he was superseded ; but soon afterwards promoted 
to the rank he now holds, by commission dated June 13th, 
1815. He subsequently travelled upwards of four years, in 
company with Commander (now Captain) the Hon. Charles 
Leonard Irby; and, in Aug. 1823, jointly with that officer, 
produced a most interesting work, entitled " Travels in Egypt 
and Nubia, Syria and Asia Minor, PRINTED FOR PRI- 
VATE DISTRIBUTION!/' This production, not now within 
our reach, it having been lent to a friend of the parties just 
before his demise, was thus handsomely spoken of in the 
London Literary Gazette, Nov. 1st, 1823. 

." The work of these two gallant officers is alike honorable to their 



* See Vol. I. Part II. p. 665*. 

f See Vol. I. Part I, p. 264. 

t See Vol. III. Part. II. p. 4. etseg. 



COMMANDERS. 363 

spirit and talents. Imbued with a laudable thirst for knowledge, and in- 
spired with a love of science, when their own noble profession no longer 
claimed their exertions, they adventured forth in search of information in 
lands where it is most difficult of attainment. They found, as every one 
will find who engages in literary and scientific pursuits, increase of appetite 
grow with what it fed on; and during four years and a half they devoted 
themselves to travel and inquiry, principally in the interesting regions to 
an account of which these pages are addressed. They saw much, and ex- 
amined into many curious matters ; and they have told what they saw, and 
described what they examined, in a way which would do credit to professed 
writers, and thus produced a book altogether of a very entertaining and 
intelligent character." 



THOMAS MONTGOMERY, ESQ. 

NEPHEW to Lieutenant-General Lord Blayney. He served 
as midshipman on board the Ganges J4, Captain Thomas F < 
Fremantle, at the battle of Copenhagen, April 2d, 1801 ; ob- 
tained the rank of lieutenant on the 1st of Oct., 1806; and 
afterwards served in the Hyacinth sloop and Marlborough 
74, the latter ship commande^ by Captain (now Sir Graham) 
Moore. He was promoted to his present rank on the 13th 
of June, 1815. 



WALTER WINDEYER, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant on the 21st of Oct., 1806; ap- 
pointed to the command of the Olympia cutter, Feb. 13th, 
1812; promoted to his present rank on the 13th of June, 
1815 ; and subsequently employed in the ordinary at Ports- 
mouth. 



ROBERT STREATFIELD, ESQ. 

OBTAINED the rank of lieutenant on the 6th of Nov. 1806 ; 
and was made a commander, June 13th, 1815. 



364 COMMANDERS. 

HENRY WILLIAM SCOTT, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in May, ISO/; appointed to the 
Crane sloop in Mar. 1811; and promoted to the rank of 
commander, while serving as first of the Tonnant 80, Cap- 
tain Edward Pelham Brenton, June 13th, 1815. He mar- 
ried, in 1830, Ann, eldest daughter of Isaac Lane, of Ewell, 
co. Surrey, Esq. 



PETER MAINGY, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in Sept. 1807; advanced to his 
present rank on the 13th of June, 1815 ; and appointed an 
inspecting commander, in the coast guard service, July 6th, 
1830. 



GEORGE DOUGAL, ESQ. 

Is the son of a London merchant, who, after his retire- 
ment from business, in 1788, resided for many years at Sun- 
derland. His grandfather was a clergyman of the Scotch 
church. 

This officer appears to have been born at London, on the2d 
Oct. 177&; an< l, when fourteen years of age, placed in the office 
of the Comptroller of the Customs ; but having imbibed an ar- 
dent predilection for a sea life, he was soon afterwards bound 
apprentice to the owners of a ship employed in the coal trade. 
After making a few voyages between Shields and the river 
Thames, he embarked on board a brig, and visited Archangel, 
Riga, and other Russian ports. In Dec. 1706, he became 
midshipman of the Hon. East India Company's ship Hindos- 
tan ; and on his return home, after a trip to Bombay and 
China, (during which he was, together with twelve other 
persons, struck down by lightning,) engaged as third mate 
on board the Experiment, a large West Indiaman; from 
which : li'p he was pressed on board the Brunswick 74, Cap- 
tain William Gordon Rutherford, June 27th, 1799. The 



COMMANDERS. 365 

yellow fever was then raging at Jamaica ; many of the Bruns- 
wick's officers and crew had fallen victims to it ; and as she 
had but few midshipmen left, Mr. Dougal was at once placed 
on her quarter-deck. In Mar. 1800, he followed Captain 
Rutherford into the Decade frigate ; from which ship we 
find him paid off, at Portsmouth, Oct. 7th, 1802. Previous 
to this he had witnessed the surrender of Curafoa, assisted 
in cutting out several vessels on the coast of the Spanish 
Main, and been, on one occasion, no less than fifteen days in 
an open boat, endeavouring to regain his ship, which had 
suddenly left her station off Porto Cabello. During this time, 
provisions running short, he was obliged to go on shore at 
various places to procure some, and once obliged to fight his 
way to the beach, having been surprised by a party of 
cavalry. 

Being soon tired of an idle life, Mr. Dougal next embarked 
on board the Trusty, a frigate-built Guineaman, which ship, 
after seven months' service on the African coast, proceeded 
with 400 slaves to Jamaica, where her cargo, the original cost 
of which \\as about 5,600., sold for no less than .26,000. 
The late Dr. M'Leod, surgeon of the Alceste frigate, during 
Lord Amherst's embassy to China, was then one of Mr. 
Dougal's fellow voyagers. 

After his arrival at Kingston, the subject of this memoir, 
being second mate of the Trusty, was employed for about six 
months, in the command of a droger, bringing rum and sugar 
from various parts of Jamaica. When the ship was loaded 
and ready to return home, she anchored at Port Royal, to 
wait for convoy. Her commander there associated with a 
number of naval officers, and, one night, returning on board 
in a state of inebriety, was so very abusive to Mr. Dougal 
that he could not avoid resenting it. In the heat of passion, 
the skipper ordered a boat to be manned, went on board the 
Theseus 74, and asserted that he was in danger of being 
murdered. His unoffending officer was consequently sent 
for, and next morning questioned as to the nature of the 
quarrel which had taken place ; his ungarbled version of the 
affair received credit, and he was immediately ordered to do 



366 COMMANDERS. 

duty as master's-mate. A few clays afterwards, he lost the 
sight of his right eye, occasioned by one of the marines firing 
a musket close to him, whilst he was in the act of preventing a 
drunken man from falling over the gangway. 

The Theseus, successively commanded by Captains John 
Bligh, Edward Hawker, Francis Temple, and B. Dacres, was 
paid off, at Chatham, Sept. 22d, 1805. A narrative of her 
proceedings, while bearing the flag of Rear-Admiral J. R. 
Dacres, during a hurricane, in which she was dismasted and 
obliged to throw many guns overboard, is given in the Naval 
Chronicle, vol. xii. p. 477 et seq. Shortly after her return in 
that state to Port Royal, she lost at least 100 men by yellow 
fever. 

From the Theseus, Mr. Dougal was removed into the 
Powerful 74, Captain Robert Plampin, with whom, however, 
he did not go to sea. We afterwards find him serving as 
master's-mate of the Sampson and Diadem 64's, succes- 
sively bearing the flag of Rear-Admiral Stirling, by whom he 
was appointed, April 22d, 1807, to the command of the Do- 
lores schooner, recently captured at Monte Video, which 
vessel he gallantly and successfully defended against two 
others of the same description and force, sent from Buenos 
Ayres purposely to attack him. He was subsequently em- 
ployed in battering the sea defences of that city 5 and after 
the failure of the attack thereon, by Lieutenant-General 
Whitelocke, ordered on board the Princessa, an old Manilla 
galleon, selected to convey 400 men of the 71st regiment, 
with their wives and children, to England. That ship sailed 
from the Rio de la Plata on the 13th Sept. 180/, and on the 
24th was abandoned, in consequence of her being in a sinking 
condition. 

During the next four months, Mr. Dougal was a supernu- 
merary on board the Africa 64, Captain (now Sir Henry W.) 
Bayntun. On his arrival in England, he received intimation 
that he was at liberty to go where he pleased ; nor could he 
recover one farthing of pay for the time he had served in the 
Princessa and Africa : the Navy Board said they had no- 
thing to do with the former ship, she being a transport j the 



COMMANDERS. 367 

Transport Board would not recognize her as ever having been 
one. 

Once more at his own disposal, Mr. Dougal thought of 
again entering into the merchant service ; but, on due consi- 
deration, thought it right to make an effort to obtain a lieute- 
nant's commission; and, although he had previously passed 
underwent a second examination at Somerset House. He 
then memorialized the Admiralty, and, in about three months 
afterwards, was promoted into the Sarpen sloop, by commis- 
sion, dated June 8th, 1808. This vessel, successively com- 
manded by Captains James Gifford and J. Sanderson Gibson 
was attached to the Walcheren expedition, afterwards em- 
ployed in the North Sea and Baltic, and paid off Dec. 22d, 
1809. 

Lieutenant Dougal's subsequent appointments were, April 
6th, 1810, to be first of the Apelles sloop, Captain Thomas 
Oliver ; and Jan. 15th, 1813, to the Espiegle, Captain John 
Taylor. The former vessel, while under the command of 
Captain Frederick Hoffman, ran on shore under the batteries 
to the westward of Boulogne, May 3d, 1812, on which occa- 
sion Lieutenant Dougal and several of her crew were 
wounded *. The latter sloop was employed on the West 
India station, from whence she returned home in Mar. 1814. 

The subject of this memoir was made a commander on the 
13th June, 1815 ; since which he has not been able to obtain 
employment. 



GEORGE WOODS SARMON, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant on the 20th Sept. 1808 ; appointed 
to the Majestic 58, Captain John Hayes, April 1/th, 1813; 
and promoted to his present rank, June 13th, 1815. 



" See Vol. HI. Part II. p. 366. 



COMMANDERS. 



HENRY RALPH ROKEBY, ESQ. 

THE family ofRokeby, Rokesby, or Rooksby, as variously 
spelt in the uncertain orthography of former times, is of very 
high antiquity. It derives its name from a lordship in the 
north riding of Yorkshire, where it flourished in feudal splen- 
dour and hospitality for many ages. In the days of chivalry 
and border warfare, it was much distinguished ; and many of 
its members appear, during that period, to have received the 
honor of knighthood. In 1408, Sir Thomas, or, as some 
writers term him, Ralph Rokeby, being then sheriff of his 
native county, routed and slew Percy, Earl of Northumber- 
land, at the battle of Bramham-moor. That powerful and 
restless chieftain, exasperated at the death of his son, Hot- 
spur, had taken arms against Henry IV., and to his defeat 
that monarch was in a great degree indebted for the security 
of his throne. The civil war which wasted the patrimony of 
so many old houses, was particularly disastrous to that of 
Rokeby. Adhering with hereditary loyalty to the crown, it 
ardently supported the royal cause, and its fortunes decayed 
with it. The antique mansion, with the ample domain at- 
tached thereto, which had continued in the male line from 
the reign of the Conqueror, fell a sacrifice to the fines, con- 
fiscations, and other exactions levied by the successful party, 
and at length was altogether alienated. 

The Rev. Langham Rokeby, of Arthingworth, in North- 
amptonshire, a place acquired by the marriage of one of his 
ancestors with an heiress of the Langhams, of Cottesbrooke, 
about the end of the 17th century, is now the representative 
of this ancient race, and the subject of the following short 
sketch is the second son of that worthy divine. 

Mr. HENRY RALPH ROKEBY entered into the royal navy 
as midshipman on board the Royal George, first rate, Captain 
(afterwards Admiral) John Child Purvis, towards the conclu- 
sion of the French uevolutionary war, in 1801. He next served 
in the Prince of Wales 98, bearing the flag of Sir Robert 
Calder, and was present at the capture of two line-of-battle 
ships, forming part of the combined fleets of France and 



COMMANDERS. 369 

Spain, July 22d, 1805. We afterwards find him in the En- 
dymion frigate. Captain the Hon. Thomas Bladen Capel, 
attached to the squadron employed against Constantinople, 
under Sir John T. Duckworth, in 1807. He passed his exa- 
mination for lieutenant in July 1808 ; obtained a commission 
on the 27th of Jan. 1809; and subsequently served under 
Captains Pulteney Malcolm, in the Donegal and Royal Oak 
74's; John Sprat Rainier, in the Norge 74; Sir Michael 
Seymour, in the Hannibal, of similar force ; the present Sir 
George Martin, in the different ships bearing his flag while 
commander-in-chief on the Lisbon station ; and Captain 
Nathaniel Day Cochrane, in the Orontes frigate. 



THOMAS WHITAKER, ESQ. 

LOST the sight of an eye while serving as midshipman, oc- 
casioned, we have been told, by a biscuit thrown at him, 
while skylarking in the cockpit berth of a 74. He obtained 
the rank of lieutenant on the 22d Dec. 1809; was fourth of 
the Kent 74, Captain Thomas Rogers, in one or two slight 
skirmishes with the Toulon fleet, in 1812 ; and lost a gallant 
messmate, Lieutenant Robert Watson, while engaged with 
the enemy at Ciotat, near Marseilles, June 1st in that year. 
The Kent having been paid off in Jan. 1813, he was ap- 
pointed, Sept. 16th following, to the Queen 74, Captain Lord 
Colville. His commission as commander bears date June 
13th, 1815. 



HENRY BROWNE MASON, ESQ. 

Is of an old Hertfordshire family, and connected with the 
late Earls of Winchelsea. He was born on the 26th April, 
1792. 

This officer entered into the royal navy as midshipman on 
board the Prince 98, Captain Richard Grindall, in Dec. 1803 ; 
and served under that officer at the glorious battle of Trafal- 
gar. Subsequent to that great event, he was placed with 

VOL. IV. PART I. 2 B 



370 COMMANDERS. 

Captain William Hoste, in the Amphion frigate, on the Me- 
diterranean station. Tn Mar. 1809, while conducting a prize 
to Malta, he was taken prisoner by two French privateers, 
o-flf the coast of Dalmatta, and placed under restraint at Zara. 
From thence he was transferred to Ancona, and after a sub- 
sequent confinement at Briangon, removed to Verdun-sur- 
Meuse. There he remained, on parole of honor, until Aug. 
1810, when, in consequence of misconduct on the part of 
other mid ship men, we find him closely confined in the 
prison within the citadel. Being thus absolved from his 
parole, he considered it a point of duty to attempt escape ; 
and after repeated trials and disappointments, during four 
months, he at length succeeded in reaching England, via 
Holland, disguised as a peasant, Jan. 1st, 1811. On the 2d 
of the following month, he was promoted ; and subsequently 
appointed to the Dreadnought 98, and America and Kent 
74's ; in which ships he served under Captains Samuel Hood 
Linzee, Josias Rowley, and Thomas Rogers, until the latter 
Tras put out of commission, on her return from the Mediter- 
ranean, in Jan. 1813. His last appointment was, June 28th 
in the same year, to the Forth frigate, Captain Sir William 
Bolton. He obtained the rank of commander on the 13th 
June, 1815. 



RICHARD COPELAND, ESQ. 

PASSED bis examination in May, 1811 ; obtained the rank 
of lieutenant on the llth Dec. following; an appointment to 
the Cygnet sloop, Captain Robert Russell, Feb. llth, 1812; 
and a commander's commission on the 13th June, 1815. He 
has since been employed, for several years, in surveying 
various parts of the Mediterranean. 

This officer is the author of " An Introduction to the Prac- 
tice of Nautical Surveying, and the Construction of Sea- 
Charts, Illustrated by thirty-four Charts; translated frot 
the French of C. F. Beautemps Beaupre, Hydrographer of 
the French Marine ; with an Appendix, containing Dalrym- 
ple's Essay on the most commodious methods of Marine 



COMMANDERS. 371 

Surveying, and the description of Observations by which the 
Longitude of Places on the Coasts of Australia, &c. have 
been settled, by Captain Matthew Flinders, R. N." 



WILLIAM GORDON, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant on the 21st Mar. 1812, and pro- 
moted to the rank of commander June 13th, 1815. 



JOSEPH EASTWOOD, ESQ. 

PASSED his examination, and was appointed lieutenant of 
the Pluto sloop, Captain R. Janverin, in Jan. 1809. He 
subsequently served under Captains John Serrel and Lucius 
Curtis, in the Helder and Madagascar frigates. His com- 
mission as commander bears date Jan. 23d, 1815. 

This officer married, Nov. 3d, 1824, Louisa, daughter of 
John Pooke, of Fareham, co. Hants, Esq. 



JAMES HARRIS, ESQ. 

SON of a respectable attorney, in practice at Leominster, 
co. Hereford. 

This officer was born on the 15th April, 1791 ; and ap- 
pears to have entered into the royal navy as midshipman on 
board la Virginia frigate, Captain (now Sir John Poo) Beres- 
fbrd, Aug. 3d, 1803. His first cruise was in the North Sea, 
where he at once got well seasoned, in a gale of wind which 
lasted for three weeks with unabated fury. During this 
storm, la Virginie lost her main and mizen top-masts, sprung 
her bowsprit and foremast, and became so leaky, that it was 
with the utmost difficulty she could be navigated into port. 
In Aug. 1804, after having been for some time employed as 
a block-ship in the Downs, she was, in consequence of her 
shattered state, put out of commission. 

Mr. Harris next joined the Cambrian frigate, commanded 
2u2 



372 COMMANDERS. 

by his former captain ; and \vas present in that ship at the 
capture of three French privateers, on the Halifax station, in 
the summer of 1805 *. Previous to his return home in May, 
1807, he was placed in charge of a detained American 
schooner, which vessel, after an ineffectual attempt to reach 
Halifax, and narrowly escaping destruction on Sable Island, 
was obliged to bear up for Bermuda, with so small a stock of 
provisions, that every one on board must have perished, 
but for the timely assistance rendered by an English letter of 
marque. 

In July, 1807, we find Mr. Harris following Captain Be- 
resford into the Theseus 74, then employed in the blockade 
of Ferrol, and subsequently of Rochefort. He was in that 
ship when she, in company with three others, under the or- 
ders of her captain, prevented eight sail of the line from 
forming a junction with the 1'Orient squadron, Feb. 21st, 
1809 ; he commanded her pinnace, employed in covering 
the retreat of the officers and men belonging to fire-vessels, 
sent against the same squadron, anchored near 1'Isle d'Aix, 
April llth, 1809; and he subsequently bore a part in the 
operations of the Walcheren expedition. On the 26th Feb. 
1810, in consequence of favorable representations personally 
made to the Board of Admiralty by Sir John Poo Beresford, 
he was advanced to the rank of lieutenant, and about the 
same time appointed to serve under his constant patron, in 
the Poicters 74, then fitting out at Chatham. 

After Lord Wellington's famous retreat to the lines of 
Torres Vedras, the Poictiers being then in the river Tagus, 
her barge, commanded by Lieutenant Harris, assisted in 
supporting the right of the British army, resting for some 
months at Villa Franca, eighteen miles above Lisbon 5 and on 
Marshal Massena's retreat from Santarem, she assisted in 
cutting off several hundreds of his rear-guard ; and also in 
crossing Lord Hill's division from Mugemto the south side of 
the river. 

The Poictiers was afterwards stationed in Basque roads, 



* See Vol. I. Part II. p. 667. 



COMMANDERS, 373 

where Lieutenant Harris commanded her launch, and greatly 
distinguished himself in an action between the boats of the 
squadron under Sir Harry Neale, and those of the French 
ships, which that officer was then blockading. On this oc- 
casion, the barge of the Poictiers was sunk by the enemy's 
land batteries, one of her marines killed, and, including seve- 
ral other casualties, Lieutenant W. Knight, of the Arrow 
schooner, mortally wounded. 

On the breaking out of the American war, in 1812, the 
Poictiers proceeded to the Halifax station, and was employed 
in the blockade of the river Delaware, up which her boats 
were very frequently sent to annoy the enemy. On one of 
these occasions, an officer and a party of marines having 
been taken prisoners, Lieutenant Harris was sent under a 
flag of truce to effect their exchange, with orders, in case the 
ship should go in chase, to rendezvous on board a prize sloop 
at anchor in the mouth of the river. This he did for the 
night ; and next morning, although with only one midship- 
man and a single boat's crew, succeeded in capturing an 
American East Indiaman, of 20 guns, returning home igno- 
rant of the war. On the Poictiers joining company, as 
money was much wanted for the payment of troops at Ber- 
muda, Sir John Beresford proposed to ransom this valuable 
prize ; and in the course of a week ^645,000. sterling was 
sent down from Philadelphia for that purpose. 

The subject of this memoir was advanced to his present 
rank on the 23d of June, 1815. He married, July 31st, 
1821, Elizabeth Anne, only daughter of the late Rev. Henry 
Beavan, rector of Whitton, co. Radnor. 



ALLEN OTTY, ESQ. 

PASSED his examination for lieutenant about Sept. 1809; 
obtained a commission on the 14th of April, 1810; and 
served as first of the Goshawk sloop, Captain James Lil- 
burne, at the attack made by Captain (now Sir Thomas) 
Ussher upon several French privateers, in the strongly for- 



374 COMMANDERS. 

tified mole of Malaga, in the night of April 29th, 1812. On 
this occasion, his gallant commander was killed, and his own 
" undaunted courage" officially reported *. He subsequently 
served on the Canadian Lakes; and obtained the rank of 
commander July 1st, 1815. 



MILLER WORSLEY, ESQ. 

PASSED his examination about Oct. J810; obtained a 
commission on the 12th of July, 1813; and highly distin- 
guished himself, on several occasions, while serving as lieu- 
tenant on the Canadian Lakes, in 1814 f. He was promoted 
to his present rank on the 13th of July, 1815 ; and appointed 
inspecting commander of the preventive-boats stationed at 
the Isle of Wight, in Aug. 1817. 

This officer married, Oct. 3d, 1820, a daughter of the late 
Mr. C. Harris, merchant, of Bristol. 



JOSEPH PATEY, ESQ. 

WAS a midshipman on board the Lion 64, Captain (now 
Sir Manley) Dixon ; and one of the only two persons at all 
hurt in an action with four Spanish frigates, on the Mediter- 
ranean station, July 15th, 1798 J. He obtained his first com- 
mission on the 6th of Sept. 1802 ; and subsequently served as 
flae-lieutenant to the above officer, by whom he was succes- 

o t 

sively appointed to the command of a small corvette, bor- 
rowed from the Brazilian Government ; to act as captain of 
la Ceres French frigate, captured on the South American 
station, and of the Aquilon 24; and to the pro-tempore 
command of the Albacore sloop, which he retained from 
April, 1814, until superseded on his return home, in July, 
1815. His promotion to the rank of commander took place 
on the second day after his supercession. 

See Suppl. Part I. pp. 345348. 

t See James's Nav. Hist. VI. 489491. 

I See Vol. I. p. 376, et eeg. 



COMMANDERS. 375 

JAMES GABRIEL GORDON, ESQ. 

PASSED his examination in Mar. 1809 ; obtained his first 
commission on the 3d of Oct. 1810; and served, during the 
last two years of the late war, in the Egmont 74, Captain 
Joseph Bingham. On the 20th of Sept. 1814, he was ap- 
pointed flag-lieutenant to Rear-Adniiral Penrose ; with whom 
he continued until promoted to the rank of commander, July 
20th, 1815. He has since been employed in the Ordinary at 
Sheerness. 

WILLIAM HOLMES, ESQ. 

WE first find serving as midshipman of the Weazle 
sloop, Captain Henry Prescott; and distinguishing himself 
at the capture of an enemy's convoy, under the batteries of 
Amanthea, in Calabria, July 25th, 1810*. Two days after- 
wards he assisted in destroying several other vessels, and 
bringing off a gun from the shore, under a heavy fire of mus- 
ketry, by which three of his shipmates were wounded. On 
the 29th of the following month, he most gallantly boarded 
and took possession of an armed xebec and a gun-boat, 
secured by hawsers to the shore, near a battery where a large 
body of Neapolitan cavalry was assembled. On the 27th of 
Aug. 1811, being then master's mate of the Diana frigate, 
Captain William Ferris, he commanded a boat belonging to 
that ship, at the capture of a French convoy in the river 
Girondef; and on the 27th Feb. 1812, he was promoted to 
the rank of lieutenant, for jumping overboard and saving the 
life of a seaman, who had fallen from the mast-head of that 
ship, while lying in Plymouth Sound. His first appointment, 
as such, appears to have been, Aug. 19th following, to the 
Saracen sloop, Captain John Harper, fitting out for the Medi- 
terranean station : where he was engaged in a constant 
series of active and important services during the remainder 
of the war J. 

See Suppl. Part I. p. 190, et seq. f See Vol. II. Prt II.. p. 8KJ6. 
\ See Suppl. Part III. pp. 332345. 



376 COMMANDERS. 

This gallant officer obtained a commander's commission on 
the 19th Aug. 1815 ; and was appointed to the Arab sloop, at- 
tached to the Irish station, Mar. 22d, 1822. In that vessel 
he perished, with all his officers and crew, on the coast of 
Mayo, near Broadhaven, Dec. 12th, 1823 ; leaving a widow 
(formerly Miss Eliza Gould, of Blandford) and several young 
children to lament his melancholy fate. 



WILLIAM HENRY DICKSON, ESQ. 

OBTAINED a lieutenant's commission in Jan. 1806, and his 
present rank on the 21st Aug. 1815. At the close of the late 
war with France, he commanded the Maria schooner ; and, 
since the peace, the Chanticleer sloop of war. He was the 
zealous projector and principal promoter of the Royal Naval 
School, now about to be established near London. 



JAMES ROBERTSON WALKER, ESQ. 

ELDEST son of James Robertson, Esq. a deputy lieutenant, 
and an active, upright, and useful magistrate of Ross-shire, 
(late collector of H. M. Customs at Stornovvay, in the 
northern division of the island of Lewis, annexed to the same 
county,) by Annabella, eldest daughter of John Mackenzie, 
Esq. of Letterewe, on the banks of the grand and romantic 
Loch Maree. His paternal grandfather was pastor of the ex- 
tensive parish of Loch Broom, and equally eminent for cleri- 
cal virtues as he was celebrated for great personal strength, 
and the aid he afforded to the royal cause in the rebellion of 
1745-6; during the heat of which, and at a most critical 
moment, he was the means of preventing a large detachment 
of the King's forces, under the guidance of the Earl of Lou- 
don and the celebrated Lord President Forbes, from being cut 
off by the rebels under the Duke of Perth. For his conduct 
on this occasion, he was made prisoner by some of his own 
flock, who had followed Lord Cromartie into the ranks of the 
young Pretender, and whose personal respect for their pastor 
alone prevented them from proceeding to the utmost ex- 



COMMANDERS. 377 

tremity against him. After the suppression of the rebellion, 
this reverend gentleman used the most indefatigable exer- 
tions, and made great personal sacrifices, in procuring the 
pardon and release of many of his deluded parishioners. 

The maternal grandfather of the officer whose naval ser- 
vices we are about to record^ was Murdoch Mackenzie, of 
Letterewe, who espoused the cause of the Stuarts, and be- 
haved with desperate bravery, when fighting under his kins- 
man, William, Earl of Seaforth, at the battle of Glenshiel, in 
1718. Perceiving himself abandoned by his friends, he lite- 
rally cut his way through the hostile ranks j but the exertion 
was so violent, that the hand with which he wielded his 
broadsword became swollen to such a degree it could not be 
extricated from the guard without the assistance of fomenta- 
tions, applied by an old woman, the only inmate of a solitary 
hut, in an unfrequented part of the highlands. From thence 
he retired to his own residence on the banks of Loch Maree, 
where he was speedily joined by the Earl of Seaforth, who, 
on embarking for the Hebrides, embraced, and addressed 
him in these emphatic words : " Ah ! Murdoch, had we all 
done our duty yesterday, as you did, the present melancholy 
tale could not be told of us." 

The subject of the following memoir, having early evinced 
a predilection for the naval service, embarked as midshipman 
on board the Inspector sloop, Captain (now Sir Robert 
Howe) Bromley, in Leith roads, April 6th, 1801. During the 
whole of the peace of Amiens, he served under Captain (after- 
wards Rear-Admiral) the Hon. Francis F. Gardner, senior 
officer on the Irish station ; and in the spring of 1803, joined 
the Canopus 80, Captain John Conn, fitting out at Plymouth, 
for the flag of the late Sir George Campbell, who was then 
attached to the Channel fleet, but destined to serve under 
Lord Nelson, in the Mediterranean. 

After a service of nearly two years in the Canopus, during 
which he was in repeated skirmishes with the batteries on 
Cape Sepet, and the French ships occasionally sent out to 
prevent a close reconnoissance of Toulon harbour, Mr. James 
Robertson was strongly recommended by Captain Conn to 



3J8 COMMANDERS. 

Lord Nelson, who most kindly received him on board the 
Victory, in which ship he had the honor of serving as fore- 
castle-mate at the glorious battle of Trafalgar. On her being 
put out of commission he obtained a warm recommendation 
from Sir Thomas Masterman Hardy to Captain Brydges W. 
Taylor, who immediately consented to his joining the 
Thames 32, a new frigate, then fitting out at Chatham. By 
the latter amiable officer, whose subsequent melancholy fate 
we have elsewhere recorded, he was introduced in a very 
particular manner to Lords Hawkesbury and Amherst, with 
other distinguished personages, who soon afterwards em- 
barked in the Thames to view the French coast, and the 
grand encampment of Napoleon's "Army of England." Cap- 
tain Taylor also did Mr. Robertson the honor of taking him 
into his own boat, when the first attempt was made, under the 
orders of Commodore Owen, to destroy the Boulogne flotilla, 
by means of Congreve rockets. 

In the summer of 1806, the Thames accompanied the 
Phoebe 36, Captain James Oswald, to the Greenland Seas, in 
pursuit of some French frigates which had been sent thither 
to interrupt our whalers. On her return from thence, she 
was ordered to the West Indies, where we find Mr. Robert- 
son joining the Northumberland 74, bearing the flag of 
Rear-Admiral the Hon. Sir Alexander Cochrane, in April, 
1807. Some months afterwards, he followed that officer 
into the Belleisle 74 ; and served as mate of the signals at 
the capture of the Danish islands*. In Feb. J808, he was 
appointed lieutenant of the Galatea frigate, vice Boyle, whose 
death at sea had been reported, but whom his intended suc- 
cessor found sitting at the captain's table, giving not only 
the most convincing proofs of his being still alive, but also in 
the best of health and spirits. 

On re-joining the flag-ship, which he could not do until 
April, Mr. Robertson had the mortification to find that seve- 
ral real death vacancies had occurred, and been given to 
others, during his absence ; the rear-admiral, of course, con- 



* See Vol. I. Part I. p. 263. 



COMMANDERS. 379 

sidering him already provided for. He was, however, immedi- 
ately appointed acting lieutenant of the Fawn sloop, captain the 
Hon. George Alfred Crofton ; and, on the 28th May follow- 
ing, he commanded two of her boats at the capture of a large 
Spanish privateer schooner and three merchant vessels, one 
of the latter armed, under two batteries at the N. E. end of 
Porto Rico ; of this truly gallant affair, performed in open 
day, under the very muzzles of the enemy's guns on shore, 
and a continued fire of musketry from the surrounding 
bushes into which the privateer's men had escaped after run- 
ning their vessel aground and scuttling her in the bows, no 
mention whatever is made in the London gazette, nor indeed 
is there, to our knowledge, any published account extant. 

On obtaining possession of the schooner, the sea being per- 
fectly smooth, Mr. Robertson determined to tow her off; and 
after nailing sheet lead over the holes in the bows, succeeded 
in getting her afloat and fairly under way. He then directed 
her guns to be turned upon the enemy ; but this had scarcely 
been effected when her magazine exploded, and all on board 
except himself and two seamen were blown into the water : 
the loss sustained on this occasion was one warrant officer, 
the carpenter of the Fawn, killed ; and Mr. Farley, master's- 
mate, a quarter- master, and two marines severely scorched 
and wounded : at the moment of the accident taking place, 
acting lieutenant Robertson was, fortunately for him, stand- 
ing before the fore-mast, cheering and encouraging the people 
in the boats a-head to give way. 

In the evening of the same day, Mr. Robertson rejoined 
the Fawn, with his four gallantly obtained prizes ; and the 
schooner was then partially repaired : on the following day, 
however, she went down in a squall, by which disaster five 
men perished. On the 17th July, 1808, Mr. Robertson con- 
ducted another successful attack in the same quarter; cut 
out a merchant schooner, and spiked and destroyed the guns 
of one of the above-mentioned batteries. On this occasion, 
the Fawn's boats were assisted by two belonging to the Pul- 
tusk sloop, the commander of which vessel (now Captain 
Charles Napier) accompanied them as a volunteer, merely to 



380 COMMANDKRS. 

make himself acquainted with the locality through Mr. 
Robertson's previously acquired knowledge. 

On the 8th Dec. following, Mr. Robertson was appointed 
by Sir Alexander Cochrane acting first lieutenant of the 
Hazard ship-sloop, Captain Hugh Cameron, under whom he 
assisted at the capture of the French frigate Topaze, lying 
under a battery in the island of Guadaloupe, Jan. 2'2d, 1809*. 
This fine and valuable prize vras entrusted to his charge for 
some time, during the absence of the senior officer's first 
lieutenant. 

The Hazard was actively employed at the subsequent re- 
duction of Martinique, by the forces under Lieutenant-Gene- 
ral Beckwith and Sir Alexander Cochrane f ; after which, 
Captain Cameron commanded a light squadron employed in 
watching the harbour of the Saintes, where a French force, 
under Commodore Troude, was waiting for an opportunity of 
getting over to Guadaloupe. 

On the 14th April, 1809, a large body of troops having ar- 
rived from Martinique, and been landed, for the double pur- 
pose of driving the enemy's ships to sea, and of reducing the 
Saintes, Mr. Robertson was sent to row guard during the night, 
close in with their anchorage. He accordingly entered the 
harbour, and having let go a grapnel close under Mons. 
Troude's stern, soon perceived that he was getting under weigh. 
Of this, the attacking army and blockading squadron were 
immediately apprised by means of rockets and blue lights ; 
and thus Sir Alexander Cochrane and his consorts came 
into almost immediate contact with the object of their solici- 
tude. The Hazard having joined in the pursuit of this 
French squadron, fifty-three days elapsed before Mr. Robert- 
son could rejoin her, during which time he had nothing to 
wear but the dress in which he left her. His appointment as 
lieutenant was not confirmed by the Admiralty until July 
21st following. 

On the 16th Oct. 1809, the Hazard and Pelorus brig-sloop, 



* See Suppl. Part I. p. 364. 
f See Vol. I. Part I. p. 264 et seq. 




COMMANDERS. 381 

the latter commanded by Captain Thomas Huskisson, while 
cruising in the bay of Point-a-Petre, Guadaloupe, discovered 
a French armed schooner moored under the battery of St. 
Marie ; and it being determined to attempt bringing her out 
that night, two boats from each were detached for the pur- 
pose, under the command of Lieutenants Robertson and Ed- 
ward Flin, the latter, although of longer standing as a com- 
missioned officer, yielding the precedence to the former, in 
consequence of his being the senior commander's first lieu- 
tenant. 

The schooner being surrounded by coral reefs, and the 
boats grounding at every effort to find a channel, while the 
enemy kept up a quick but harmless fire upon them, it was 
found impossible to close with her during a dark rainy night, 
though frequently within pistol-shot. These obstacles op- 
posing, and a surprise being now out of the question, Lieu- 
tenant Robertson, after consulting with his brother officer, 
resolved to return on board and suggest to Captain Cameron, 
that if both sloops stood in sufficiently close to silence the 
battery and cover the attacking party, it might be practicable 
either to bring out or destroy the schooner during day-light. 
A signal was immediately made to the Pelorus to this effect, 
and the boats dashed on direct to their object, the command- 
ing officer, in the Hazard's pinnace, leading. When again 
within pistol-shot of the enemy, this boat once more ground- 
ed ; but her crew gallantly leaping out, she was, by great 
exertion, got over the reef ; and, in two minutes afterwards, 
Lieutenant Robertson found himself on the schooner's de- 
serted deck. The boats of the Pelorus, under Lieutenant 
Flin and Mr. Scott, master's-mate, and the Hazard's jolly- 
boat, commanded by Mr. Hugh Hunter, a young midshipman, 
closely following the example set them, were soon also 
alongside. 

The French crew, on seeing the pinnace clear the reef, had 
fled to the shore, and taken shelter in some houses on the 
beach, from the doors and windows of which they now kept 
up a galling fire. Lieutenant Robertson soon perceived the 
impossibility of getting his prize out, for she was not only 



382 COMMANDERS. 

aground close to the beach, hut also secured to the fort by a 
chain from the mast-head, and another from the stern-post 
under water. Every effort to set fire to her on deck failed, 
in consequence of the heavy rain of the preceding night ; but 
Mr. William Ferguson, acting boatswain of the Hazard, a 
most gallant and intrepid man, succeeded in lighting a fire 
belosv, which, rather sooner than he expected, communicated 
with the magazine, when she instantly exploded. Poor Fer- 
guson, whilst in the act of regaining the deck, was blown up 
a considerable way into the air ; but fortunately he fell clear 
of the wreck into the sea ; from whence he was picked up in 
a perfectly naked state, his skin quite black, and his mind in 
a state of derangement. At the moment of the explosion, 
the boats, with the exception of the Hazard's pinnace, were 
quitting the schooner ; the latter was waiting under the bow 
for Lieutenant Robertson (who was thrown by the concussion 
into her, but not much hurt) and Mr. Ferguson, whom he 
had, but an instant before, called to down the main-hatchway. 
These, we believe, were the only casualties occasioned by the 
blowing up of the vessel ; six valuable men^ however, were 
killed by the enemy's shot, and eight others wounded ; of this 
number, three were slain and two dangerously wounded in 
the pinnace. The following is an extract of Captain Came- 
ron's official report : 

" In justice to the officers and men employed on this service, I cannot 
omit particularizing the very gallant manner in which they approached the 
schooner, under a very heavy fire of grape from the battery, and of grape 
and musketry from the privateer, until they were nearly alongside, when 
the enemy quitted her, and joined a long- line of musketry, and two field- 
pieces, on the beach, to the fire of which they were exposed during the 
whole time they were preparing to blow her up, at a distance of not more 
than ten yards. 

" The privateer had one long 18-pouncler on a circular carriage, and 
two swivels, and appeared to have from 80 to 100 men : she was about 
100 tons, coppered, and apparently new. It is impossible for me to ex- 
press my ideas of the very gallant manner in which Lieutenants Robertson 
and Flin conducted themselves on this occasion ; and they speak in the 
highest terms of Messrs. (John Stuart) Brisbane and Hunter, midshipmen 
of this ship ; Mr. Ferguson, boatswain ; and Mr. Scott, mate of the 
Pelorus ; who, as well as every individual employed, were volunteers on 
the service." 



COMMANDERS. 383 

The Hazard was one of the ships which bore the brunt of 
an attack made by the squadron under Captain Samuel J ames 
Ballard, upon two large French frigates, and the batteries of 
Ance la Barque, Guadaloupe, Dec. i8th a 1809 *; on which day 
her gallant and lamented commander was killed, while return- 
ing to his ship from a fort, out of which the enemy had been 
driven: his boat's crew represented that he fell by a grape shot 
from oneof theBritishshipsthenfiring upon the enemy's troops; 
whilst a supernumerary master's- mate on board the Elizabeth 
schooner, Lieutenant Fitch, acknowledged he was the person 
who had discharged a piece at him, under the impression that 
he was a French officer. It may, however, be consoling to his 
surviving friends to know, that he fell by the hands of an enemy; 
for a colonel who was taken prisoner at the subsequent reduc- 
tion of Guadaloupe, and sent home in the Hazard, so minutely 
described to Lieutenant Robertson the manner in which he 
lost his life, as to remove every doubt on the subject. It was 
simply thus : Captain Cameron, after striking the colours in 
the evacuated fort, wrapped them round one of his arms, 
which had been grazed by a musket-ball, and was perceived 
by a French officer to be standing on the beach with his boat- 
keeper, waiting the return of the crew who had straggled. 
The officer instantly snatched a musket from one of his sol- 
diers, who was skulking in the bushes, and shot the gallant 
captain dead on the spot. Notwithstanding this, it is possible 
the boat-keeper did actually believe the correctness of his 
own assertion, that the fatal shot was fired from a British 
ship. 

After the action Lieutenant Robertson waited upon the 
commodore of the squadron, who was pleased to pass a high 
encomium on his conduct, and personally to thank him in the 
warmest terms for the manner in which the Hazard was con- 
ducted and fought after Captain Cameron had been called 
from her, by signal, in the early part of the battle : he subse- 
quently granted him the following testimonial : 



* See Vol. I. Part IT. p. 8/8, et seq. 



384 COMMANDERS. 

" These are to certify the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, that 
Lieutenant James Robertson, being senior officer of H, M. sloop Hazard, 
on the 18th Dec. 1809, when in action with the French frigates la Seine 
and la Loire, which were moored in Ance la Barque, Guadaloupe, and 
strongly protected by two batteries, notwithstanding which they were both 
destroyed by the squadron under my orders, and the Hazard bearing a con- 
spicuous part, her commander, Hugh Cameron, was slain, and the com- 
mand devolving on Lieutenant Robertson, his conduct appeared to me that 
of a gallant and experienced officer. 

(.Signed) " S. J. BALLARD." 

Sir Alexander Cochrane, who had been a distant observer 
of this action, was likewise pleased to approve of Lieutenant 
Robertson's conduct, and to give him an order to command 
the Hazard, until the arrival of Captain Cameron's intended 
successor, who was then at Halifax, refitting the brig he 
commanded, and not expected to return from thence for some 
months : at the same time, the vice-admiral kindly said, he 
would request Lord Mulgrave to give him rank as lieutenant 
from the date of his first acting appointment. All this was 
not a little flattering to so young an officer, at a moment 
when the island of Guadaloupe was to be attacked, and an 
enemy's squadron was hourly expected from Europe to at- 
tempt its relief ; nor was it less flattering to him, that he 
should be ordered to place the Hazard in a situation to give 
the first intimation of the enemy's approach. In a few days 
afterwards, however, we find him resuming the duty of first 
lieutenant, under the command of Captain William Elliot, 
(now C. B.), who having just before most highly distinguished 
himself at the capture of a French national brig, la Nisus, in 
the port of Des Hayes, was removed from the Pultusk brig 
to the Hazard, at his own earnest solicitation. 

During the subsequent operations against Guadaloupe, we 
once more find Lieutenant Robertson on board a vessel in 
flames, as will be seen by the following handsome testi- 
monial : 

"I certify that Lieutenant James Robertson served under my command, 
as senior lieutenant of H. M. sloop Hazard, from the 25th day of Dec. 
1809, until the 23d day of Jan. 1811, when I was . superseded in conse- 
quence of being promoted. That during the period mentioned, he at all 
times conducted himself as a zealous and most attentive officer, indefati- 



COMMANDERS. 385 

gable in his exertions on all points of service, and particularly so at the at- 
tack on Guadaloupe, when the Hazard having led the fleet to an anchorage 
atl'Ancede Barque ; and having anchored under the batteries a considerable 
time before any other ship, and under which batteries an enemy's schooner 
called la Mouche was lying, I sent him in a boat to board her, which he 
succeeded in, notwithstanding a heavy fire was kept up on her from the 
batteries, which were trying to sink her. On this occasion, although the 
schooner was on fire, he succeeded in bringing her off, and saving from 
the flames the French ' general marine signal-book,' and the private sig- 
nals of all the maritime nations then in alliance with France, together with 
other important documents, for which the commander-in-chief was pleased 
to express his thanks. 

(Signed) " WILLIAM ELLIOT." 

La JMouche had just before arrived from France with des- 
patches, and was perceived to be on fire while the Hazard's 
crew were in the act of furling sails. A boat was hastily 
lowered down, and Lieutenant Robertson, taking with him a 
few marines only, hastened to board her. By this time, part 
of the schooner's deck was already burnt ; and the heat was 
so intense, that all her guns went off while he and his red 
jackets were employed in cutting away the masts, in ac- 
complishing which the whole of the little party were much 
scorched. 

Guadaloupe having surrendered by capitulation, the Ha- 
zard was ordered home with the bearers of the naval 
and military despatches ; and, after undergoing extensive 
repairs, sent to the Newfoundland station ; where she cap- 
tured and destroyed many American vessels, in the beginning 
of the late war waged by the United States against Great 
Britain. On leaving that sloop, he received the following 
certificate from Captain Elliot's successor : 

" This is to certify, that Mr/James Robertson served as senior lieutenant 
of H. M. sloop Hazard, wider my command, from the 24th Jan. 1811, to 
the 24th Oct. 1812, when he left to join H. M. ship Antelope, bearing the 
flag of Sir JolmT. Duckworth, during all which time he conducted himself 
in a most exemplary manner, evincing a constant zeal for the service, and 
ability in the discharge of his duty, such as must always reflect the greatest 
credit on himself, while it gave the utmost satisfaction to me; and I feel 
happy on the present opportunity of bearing an unqualified testimony to his 
merits. 

" Given under my hand on board H. M. sloop Hazard, St. John's Har- 
bour, Newfoundland, this 24th Oct. 1812. 

(Signed) " JOHN COOKESLEY, Commander." 

VOL. IV. PART I. 2 C 



386 COMMANDERS. 

In 1813, the Antelope, then commanded by Captain Sam- 
uel Butcher, was ordered to the Baltic station, and employed 
In protecting convoys through the Great Belt. On one oc- 
casion, when preparing to anchor with her charge, at mid- 
night, she captured a Danish row-boat, which, in the dark- 
ness, mistaking her for a merchant ship, was about to lay 
her on board. As many other row-boats were that night 
amongst the convoy, Lieutenant Robertson requested Captain 
Butcher to let him have the prize and proceed in quest of 
them, which was accordingly granted. He soon fell in with 
and captured one, and, after binding the hands and feet of 
his prisoners, attacked and carried a second. On the 23d 
Oct. J813, whilst commanding the above row-boat, manned 
with volunteers, he captured the schooner Eleanor and her 
consort, a large lugger-rigged boat. Next day, Captain But- 
cher addressed the following letter to Captain Robert Wil- 
liams, of the Gloucester 74 : 






" H. M. S. Antelope, Great Belt, Oct. 24th, 1813. 

" Sir, I beg leave to acquaint you that, being astern of the convoy, in 
the station assigned to me by you, I yesterday, at noon, observed several 
of the enemy's row-boats ranging along shore, evidently with the intention 
of attacking the convoy when anchored for the night. I determined to 
embrace the opportunity of an interval of thick weather, which fortunately 
offered, of sending inshore unnoticed one of the three row-boats taken a 
few days since from the enemy, with orders to seize the first favorable mo- 
ment to take or destroy as many as might be found practicable. I was 
satisfied that, should she succeed in getting near the land unobserved, she 
would pass for one intent on the same views as themselves. My intention 
was no sooner made known, than that most eminently zealous and gallant 
officer, Lieutenant James Robertson, requested to be allowed to go in her 
on this occasion, to whom I added Messrs. Pole and Madden, midship- 
men, fifteen seamen, and four marines, the whole having volunteered 
their services. The enterprise set out successfully, the boat being enabled 
to gain an eligible situation before the weather cleared up. 

" When the convoy anchored, the enemy's armed boats did the same, 
under the batteries of Rodby, as did also close to them Lieutenant Robert- 
son, with the intention of attacking them, so soon as it should be dark. At 
5 P. M., he observed a large armed schooner three miles distant, having a 
lugger-rigged boat towing astern. He weighed and worked to windward, 
till in her wake. When nearly within pistol-shot, the schooner, apparently 
confident of success, put twenty-four picked men on board the lugger, 



COMMANDERS. 387 

slipped her, and both commenced a joint attack, with a heavy fire of great 
guns and small arms, on our boat, which was returned by her six-pounder 
and small arms, until close alongside the lugger, which vessel, while in 
the act of being boarded, lowered her sails, declaring she had surrendered ; 
but at thia critical moment, perceiving that our boat had fresh way and 
must unavoidably shoot a-head, they cut the rope of the grapnel, which 
had been thrown on board them, again hoisted their sails, and re-commenced 
the action. The schooner having made sail to be off, on seeing, as she 
supposed, her consort surrender, on this hove-to, and renewed a heavy 
fire for her support, which was as briskly returned. The lugger then made 
for the schooner, and the people had just succeeded in getting out of her, 
on board the latter, when our boat also arrived alongside : not a moment 
was lost ; Lieutenant Robertson and his intrepid crew entered pellmell along 
with them ; and in a few minutes, with irresistible impetuosity, drove every 
man below. She proved to be the Danish privateer schooner Eleanor, fitted 
for sixteen guns, but having only one long 9-pounder (on a pivot), two 
short 18-pounders, and two swivels mounted, with a quantity of small-arms, 
and a complement of thirty-seven men, twenty-two of whom had been 
i elected from the King's boats. She had always been accustomed to carry 
sixty-five men, is a fine vessel, and has been out five weeks, but made only 
one capture, a Swedish sloop in ballast. She sustained a loss of three men 
killed and four dangerously wounded : I am happy to say, this truly gal- 
lant exploit has been achieved without any loss on our part, except two 
men wounded a seaman severely, and a marine dangerously. 

" Convinced that a bare recital of the foregoing circumstances, of which, 
until the close of day, I was an admiring though distant spectator ; and, 
after dark, heard and saw very distinctly, by the heavy fire kept up ; will, 
J)oth with the Admiral and Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, have 
infinitely more weight, and enable them more correctly to appreciate the 
merits of the officers and men, than could be effected by any eulogium of 
mine, I shall abstain therefrom, and merely observe that, abstracting this 
circumstance, as also the degree of judgment and enterprise with which 
Lieutenant Robertson had a few days previous, when detached from this 
ship, in a boat, captured two of the enemy's armed vessels, which com- 
bined were infinitely superior to that which he had to oppose to them, my 
duty compels me to observe, that, since I have known the service, I have 
never met in it a young man more eminently gifted with every quality 
calculated to render him an ornament to his profession. He speaks in the 
highest terms of the firmness and intrepidity with which he was seconded 
by Messrs. Pole and Madden, James Black (coxswain), and every indi- 
vidual of the boat's crew. Mr. Pole has passed his examination; Mr. 
Madden, who was the first on the enemy's deck, has a few months of his 
time to serve j and James Black, to whose coolness and steadiness in 
steering and managing the boat in the various critical situations in which 
they were placed, Lieutenant Robertson, in a considerable degree, attri- 

2 c 2 



388 COMMANDERS. 

biites his success, has been upwards of thirty years in H. M. service, and 
is a most exemplary and meritorious character. I am, &c. 

(Signed) " SAMUEL BUTCHER." 

"P. S. Since writing the above, I have received from Lieutenant Robert- 
son the enclosed memorial of his services, which I have to request you 
will be pleased to transmit to the commander-in-chief, for the purpose of 
being laid before the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty. You will 
perceive it contains a series of zealous and gallant achievements, during an 
uninterrupted course of nearly fourteen years service, rarely equalled by 
so young an officer, his age not exceeding twenty-five. " S. B. *" 

So convinced was the captain of the Antelope, and indeed 
every officer on the station, that the Admiralty would pro- 
mote Lieutenant Robertson for these exploits, that subse- 
quently, when employed with other officers of the ship in suc- 
cessful boat attacks, it was agreed upon by Captain Butcher 
and himself, that his name should not be mentioned in the 
reports, in order to give the others a better claim. 

On the 6th of the following month, Lieutenant Robertson 
was removed into the Vigo 74* bearing the flag of Rear-Ad- 
miral (now Sir Graham) Moore, commander-in-chief on the 
Baltic station. On this occasion he received a certificate 
from Captain Butcher, of which the following is an extract : 

"These are to certify, that Mr. James Robertson served as lieutenant in 
H. M. S. Antelope, under my command, from the 8th Feb. 1813 until the 
6th Nov. 1813, at which time he was, at the request of Rear-Admiral Gra- 
ham Moore, removed to the Vigo, to serve under his flag. The zeal, abil- 
ity, and correctness of conduct manifested by him on every occasion, enti- 
tles him to the highest praise it is in my power to bestow, and have deeply 
impressed on my mind his pre-eminent merits as an officer." 

In Dec. 1813, the Vigo returned home, and was paid off in. 
consequence of being found defective. Lieutenant Robert- 
son, instead of promotion, then had the honor of receiving 
the thanks of the Admiralty, for his conduct in the Baltic? 
and an order to proceed to the Lakes of Canada ; " their lord- 
ships selecting for that arduous service, officers who had had 
opportunities of distinguishing themselves." On his arrival 



* The above letter is in every particular correct, save that Lieutenant 
Robertson himself proposed the plan to Captain Butcher. 



COMMANDERS. 389 

at Kingston, Lake Ontario, in the summer of 1814, he was 
appointed by Sir James Lucas Yeo to the Montreal, com- 
manded by his gallant relative the late Captain George 
Downie ; and we shortly afterwards find him employed in 
watching the movements of the American squadron in Sack- 
ett's harbour, where, on the night of their sailing from thence 
to blockade Kingston, he had the good fortune, Avith only 
two gigs, to capture two loaded transport vessels in the midst 
of the enemy *, and succeeded in carrying them off undisco- 
vered. He subsequently accompanied Captain Downie to 
Lake Champlain, and there bore a distinguished part in the 
gallantly fought, though disastrous, battle off Plattsburg, 
Sept. llth, 1814*. When tried by a court-martial for his 
conduct on that occasion, he read the following 

" NARRATIVE of the proceedings of H. M. late ship CONFIANCE, 
and of the squadron on LAKE CHAMPLAIN, from the 3d to the 
llth September, 1814, both days inclusive. 

" On the 3d Sept. 1814, Captain George Downie took command of 
H. M. late ship Confiance, and of the naval establishment on Lake 
Champlain j and I the same day joined as senior lieutenant. 

" The Confiance had been launched eight days previous, and was theft 
alongside a wharf, with top-gallant-masts an end, courses bent, and the 
major part of her guns in ; but a very considerable part of the artificers* 
work behind hand, and manned by drafts from H. M. ships Warspite, 
Ajax, Ceylon, Leopard, and several others, (also a few from transports,) 
all of whom arrived at 1' Jsle-aux-Noirs the day previous to the Confiance 
being launched, with the exception of a few of the Ceylon's who arrived a 
short time before, and some who had been previously on the establishment. 

" On the 4th, the seamen were employed in stowing ballast and pro- 
visions, and variously about the rigging; the artificers fitting magazines, 
catheads, tillers, bitts, carronade chocks, hammock nettings, driving in 
bolts, making top-gall ant and royal-yards, gaff, spanker-boom, &c. &c. &c. 
Oil the 5th, artificers employed as before, seamen reeving running rigging, 
coiling away cables and hawsers, getting the rest of the guns on board, 
their carriages having just arrived, as well as some more long carriages in 
which we mounted the guns previously put into short carriages; but 
neither beds nor coins arrived with them. 



See Suppl. PartlV. pp. 95102, and make the following corrections : 
p. 95, line 11 from the bottouo,/<?r first readjust; and p. 100, line 10,/or 
John read James. 






390 COMMANDERS. 

" On the 6th, Lieutenant Duell arrived with fifty-five petty-officers, sea- 
men, and marines, from H. M. ships at Quebec. Employed bending the 
top-sails, getting the stores on board, and shifting the crew into the ship. 
At sun-set, the fore magazine being finished, got part of the powder ou 
board, and prepared to quit the wharf. The joiners were employed 
during t)-e night in fitting the after magazine. 

" On the 7th, at daylight, hauled off from the wharf, and by dint of tow- 
ing, warping, and sweeping during the whole day, against wind and cur- 
rent, we anchored late in the evening a little below the frontier, in com- 
pany with H. M. brig Linnet. Whilst warping up, the rest of the 
powder was got into a boat and towed astern, till the after magazine was 
finished in the evening. 

" On the 8th, we weighed in company with the Linnet, and by sailing, 
towing, sweeping, and warping, we got up to Chagy, where we anchored 
in the afternoon, and were joined by H. M. cutters Chubb and Finch, and 
the gun-boats. Quartered the ship's company, and cleared the decks. 
Artificers employed in fitting chocks, beds, and coins for the guns ; the 
magazine passages, &c. &c. 

" On the 9th, we remained at anchor the whole day, employed in setting 
up the rigging, scraping the decks, manning and arranging the gun-boats, 
and exercising great guns. Artificers employed as yesterday. Armourers 
at the forge all day, fitting carronade locks to the long guns. After dark, 
we received a subaltern officer and ten men of the 39th regiment, and a ser- 
jeant and ten men of the royal marine artillery, to complete the complement. 

" On the 10th, at daylight, weighed and commenced warping up the 
Lake. At seven, the breeze freshening, we made sail and attempted to 
work to windward ; but the ship being flat-built and drawing but eight 
feet water, the channel narrow, and the wind blowing hard directly a-head, 
obliged us to anchor at eleven A. M. having made little or no progress. 
Employed in the afternoon clearing the decks and preparing for action, 
exercising great guns, shortening the breechings fore-and-aft, &c. &c. 
Artificers making shot-lockers, altering beds and coins, and driving in be- 
laying pins. Armourers at the forge fitting the gun-locks. 

44 On the llth, the wind having shifted during the night, and now blow- 
ing a smart breeze np the Lake, we weighed before daylight, squadron in 
company, and ran up with the top-sails on the cap. Shortly after day- 
light, the guns were scaled, as Captain Downie said, to give intimation of 
our approach to the British army. They were then double-shotted, springs 
got on both bowers, and the stream-cable was led through the stern-port 
and bent to the sheet-anchor. Captain Downie then called all the com- 
manding officers of the squadron on board the Confiance, and gave them 
particular directions as to what object they were to direct the fire of their 
respective vessels against in the action, ' to prevent as much as possible/ 
he added, ' the necessity of making signals.' 

44 Having approached within a league of Cumberland Head, the enemy's 



COMMANDERS.' 391 

mast-heads were seen over the land. The squadron then hove-to, and 
Captain Downie, accompanied by the master, went in his gig to recon- 
noitre the enemy's position. At the expiration of half an hour, the boat 
having returned, the signal was immediately made to 'bear up and sail 
large ;' the top-sails of the Confiance were hoisted, and top-gallant-sails 
set: under this sail, with the jib and spanker, she went into action; haul- 
ing close round Cumberland Head, on the larboard tack. 

" The Linnet, supported by the Chubb, was directed to attack the 
enemy's brig, the Eagle (the van and weathermost of his line); the Con- 
fiance was to keep her wind until on the bow of the Eagle, then put her 
helm a-starboard, and, when ' yard-arm and yard-arm,' fire the starboard 
guns into her, which had been previously loaded with canister, in addition 
to the two round-shot. When clear of the Eagle's stern, the Confiance's 
helm was to be put a-port ; and when athwart the bows of the Saratoga 
(the senior officer's ship and second in the line), to anchor, first by the 
stern, and then with one or both bowers. Our gun-boats were directed to 
pull up with the greatest expedition, fire once, then board the Ticonderag6 
schooner (the third in the enemy's line); and the Finch was ordered to 
support the gun-boats, or carry the Preble cutter, the rear vessel of the 
American line. 

" The Confiance being in advance of the rest of the squadron, the whole 
of the enemy's line, including his gun-boats, commenced firing on her 
when within gun-shot, by which she sustained, with other considerable 
damage, the loss of her sheet-anchor. The wind heading and then dying 
away, we were compelled to anchor rather before the beam of the Sara- 
toga, at the distance of nearly half a mile. The small bower cable and 
spring being shot away the moment the anchor was ' let go,' the best- 
bower was immediately dropped, the spring on which suffered the same 
fate. 

" The action then commenced on our part, the foremost guns bearing 
only on the Eagle, the midship and after guns on the Saratoga. The Lin- 
net soon after took her station before the beam of the Eagle, and the Chubb 
having never anchored, passed a-stern of the Linnet, and dropping between 
the Confiance and the Eagle, and then between that ship and the Saratoga, 
with her colours struck, prevented the Confiance for some time from firing 
on the enemy whilst she drifted slowly within the line of fire. At the 
time the Confiance anchored, our gun-boats were at a considerable distance 
from the enemy's line, and pulling up slowly, apparently in confusion, 
commenced rather a distant fire on the Ticonderago, with the exception 
of two or three which gallantly and unsupported advanced nearly within 
musket-shot of their object, but were soon compelled to retire. The 
Finch, ordered in support of the gun-boats, edging too far to leeward, 
grounded on a shoal out of the line of fire, and consequently was of no fur- 
ther service in maintaining the action than having in her advance, in con- 
junction with the gun-boats, hastily forced the Preble to cut and retire in 



392 COMMANDERS. 

shore with her colours struck, where she afterwards rehoisted them. 
Captain Downie, with many of the best men of the Confiance, having most 
unfortunately fallen early in the action, the remaining part, with same 
exceptions, required the utmost exertion on the part of the surviving 
officers, to encourage ana" induce them to withstand the effect of so 
destructive a fire. About the middle of the action, the Eagle was com- 
pelled to cut, when she made sail, with an evident intention of quitting 
the action altogether; but passing close inside the Saratoga, and being 
hailed hy her, she again anchored between that ship and the Ticonderago. 
In this new position she kept up a destructive fire on the Confiance, with- 
out now being exposed to a shot from that ship or the Linnet. The fire 
of the Saratoga, about the same time, was silenced, and an attempt was 
made to get her larboard guns to bear on the Confiance, by cutting her 
bower-cable and swinging to the spring; but this evolution was never 
completely executed. 

" The Confiance having now only four guns fit for service on the side 
opposed to the enemy, and they being lumbered by wreck, it became ab- 
iolutely necessary to attempt to get the starboard guns to bear; this could 
not be expected to be easily executed, as the surviving crew now evinced 
an evident disposition to discontinue the action, and the anchor we were 
riding by being the only one left to us. A spring was notwithstanding got 
on the cable; the crew, by dint of entreaty, were induced to haul on the 
spring, and veer the cable, until the object was nearly accomplished ; but 
the spring being only from the quarter, it then became necessary to get a 
bridle on it from the stern port : this was done ; Lieutenant Creswick 
having with his own hands bent it, assisted by the other officers : but such 
a panic had now seized the surviving crew, that encouragement no longer 
availed, and not a man could be induced to haul on the bridle, which would 
have effectually brought the whole of the starboard guns to bear on the 
Saratoga, one fire of which (each gun being loaded with canister, in addi- 
tion to a double shot) must inevitably have sent her to the bottom, or 
compelled her to strike : this we had a right to expect, as she did not fire 
a gun for at least fifteen minutes previous to the colours of the Confiance 
being struck. The attention of the Ticonderago having been but for a 
short time called to our gun-boats, gave her an opportunity nearly during 
the whole of the action, of keeping up a steady, deliberate, and latterly a 
raking fire, on the Confiance, while the new position of the Eagle gave her 
the same advantages. The enemy's gun-boats, which appeared at the 
commencement of the action extremely shy, taking advantage of the pe- 
rilous situation of the Confiance, and the extraordinary conduct of the 
principal part of our own boats, had now an ample opportunity, without 
risk to themselves, of complying with the written orders issued by Captain 
Macdonough prior to the action, viz. ' that the fire of his whole force 
should be concentrated on the Confiance, to insure her capture or de* 
traction.' 



COMMANDERS. 393 

f ' When the crew of the Confiance would no longer continue the actioji, 
they alleged as their reasons, the fate of our two cutters, the conduct of 
our gun-boats, and the fire of the whole of the enemy's force having been 
directed to them during the greater part of the action ; and also the appa- 
rent inactivity of the land forces. The dreadful carnage on board, and 
the shattered and sinking state of the ship, conspired to depress their spirits 
to that pitch, as to render every effort on the part of the surviving officers 
Unavailing, in attempting to force them to continue the action. In this 
situation, making no further resistance, the numerous and unfortunate 
wounded below in extreme danger of drowning, the water being above the 
gun-room deck, humanity, and the now hopeless state of the action, dic- 
tated to myself and to the surviving officers the propriety of giving the 
painful orders to strike the colours. A considerable time elapsed before 
the enemy was in a condition to take possession of the Confiance, during 
which time every effort was made to keep her from sinking, by pumping 
and bailing at the hatchways, for the preservation of the wounded, it being 
necessary to elevate their heads to prevent them drowning. 

" The Chubb not having anchored, and consequently her early fall ; the 
Finch having grounded in such a situation, as not to be able to render any 
service in maintaining the action ; our gun-boats not having accomplished 
what they were equal to, and ordered to perform, by which means the 
Ticonderago was left at liberty to keep up a destructive fire on the Con- 
nance during the greater part of the action ; the disorganised state of the 
crew of the Confiance, in consequence of their being called into action 
before there was sufficient time to train them to the guns, and to acquire a 
necessary knowledge of each other, and of their officers ; the number of 
guns disabled in the Confiance, in consequence of the bolts drawing, and 
otherwise, together with the judicious plan adopted by the enemy, of con- 
centrating the fire of his whole force on the Confiance, must have operated 
in elevating the spirits of our opponents, while it could not fail in depress- 
ing those of so new a ship's company. But notwithstanding all these dis- 
advantages, and that the Confiance (assisted by the Linnet only) bore the 
whole brunt of the action, it was most decidedly in our favor until after 
the Eagle took up her new station, and until the moment the Confiance 
failed in the attempt to wind, for the reasons which have been already 
mentioned. (Signed) " JAMES ROBERTSON." 

The conduct of Captain Macdonough to his prisoners was 
the extreme of delicacy and attention ; not even permitting 
the American colours to be hoisted over the English in the 
prizes. He allowed Captain Daniel Pring, the senior sur- 
viving British officer, to proceed to England on parole ; and 
he permitted Lieutenant Robertson to return to Canada, for 
the purpose of settling the affairs of the much-lamented Cap- 



394 COMMANDERS. 

tain Downie, agreeably to directions he had himself left on 
that head. The following correspondence (under a flag of 
truce) subsequently took place between the generous Ameri- 
can and the subject of this memoir : 

" U. S. ship Saratoga, at Pittsburgh, Sept 2]st, 1814. 
" Dear Sir, When you left the Saratoga, I was under an impression 
that the sword of my friend Captain Lawrence, who fell on board the 
frigate Chesapeake, had been given up to his friends who look charge of 
his effects ; my having been informed of the contrary, and that Captain 
Lawrence's sword was retained by Captain Broke, I beg the same thing 
may be observed with the sword of Captain Downie, and that it may be 
delivered to the officer who will deliver this request. I beg, my dear Sir, 
this may be considered as a point of etiquette, and in no way reflecting on 
your late commander's memory. I am, dear Sir, with respect and esteem, 
your obedient servant, 

(Signed) " T. MACDONOUGH." 

" To Lieutenant James Robertson, R. N." 

" Montreal, 2Bth September, 1814. 

" Dear Sir, In reply to your letter of the 21st instant, which I did not 
receive until this morning, requesting that the sword of the late Captain 
Downie should be delivered to you, as a point of etiquette, and quoting 
as a precedent the instance of Captain Broke having retained the sword of 
your late friend Captain Lawrence, I have the honor to observe, that 
Captain Lawrence lived to see his ship surrender to the British flag-, con- 
sequently Captain Broke had an undoubted right to have the emblem of 
Captain Lawrence's services presented to him ; but as Captain Downie 
fell early in the late action, and the command of the Connauce then de- 
volved on me, I conceive, that though you have an unquestionable title to 
my sword, who am alone the only officer responsible for her surrender, it 
is a duty I owe to the memory and friends of my ever to be lamented com- 
mander, never to acknowledge the propriety of his sword being delivered 
to you as a point of etiquette. Should you, my dear Sir, still think that 
this is a case in point with the one you mention, I am ready to deliver the 
sword of the deceased ; but cannot consider the transfer in any other point 
of view than that of private property taken in the Confiance, and in no 
manner emblematic of the surrender of the late Captain Downie to the 
arms of the United States. I have the honor to be, dear Sir, with much 
regard, your most obedient servant, 

(Signed) " JAMES ROBERTSON." 

" To Captain Macdonough, commanding the U. S. squadron, 
Lake Champlain." 

It is proper to mention, that previous to this, Captain Mac- 



COMMANDERS. 395 

donough had very politely, and with a complimentary speech, 
returned Lieutenant Robertson his own sword. At an inter- 
view which took place between them, on the return of the 
latter to the United States, he very handsomely agreed to 
waive his claim to Captain Downie's sword, for the reasons 
pointed out in the lieutenant's letter. 

Mr. Robertson appears to have been detained in America 
until the conclusion of the war, and did not return to England 
until the summer of 1815. On the 20th Aug. he was tried 
by a court-martial, and most honorably acquitted of all blame 
on account of the loss of the Confiance ; and on the follow- 
ing day, a commission was signed at the Admiralty, promoting 
him to the rank of commander. He then returned to his 
friends, after an uninterrupted service of nearly fifteen years ; 
but was not long before he became a candidate for further 
employment : his repeated endeavours, however, have been 
uniformly unsuccessful. In June, 1820, he received the fol- 
lowing letter from Admiral Sir Alexander I. Cochrane : 

"Dear Sir, I have perused the accompanying papers, which have 
brought to my recollection many of the instances you quote, particularly 
the services you performed in the Hazard's boats and at the time Captain 
Cameron was killed, when the French frigates were destroyed at 1'Ance 
le Barque. If I could consistently make application to the Admiralty in 
your favor, to procure y5u employment, I would feel much pleasure in 
doing so ; but my applications on various occasions have been so numerous 
as to preclude me from making any more. I am confident it is the wish of 
Lord Melville to reward merit, and as your services give you a just claim, 
you cannot do better than -state them in a letter to his lordship. Wishing 
you every success, I am, dear Sir, &c. 

(Signed) "ALEX. INGLIS COCHRANE." 

This gallant officer married, in June, 1824, the only daugh- 
ter of the late William Walker, of Gilgarren, near White- 
haven, co. Cumberland, Esq. on which occasion he obtained 
H. M. permission to assume the name of Walker, ,in addition 
to that of Robertson. His wife's brother, William Walker, 
Esq. lost his life on the 1st June, 1819, under the following 
circumstances. He had embarked with his sister on board 
an English schooner, bound to Italy : after travelling in which 
country, he intended to escort her to other parts of the 



COMMANDERS. 

continent. Having arrived off Cadiz in the night time, the 
schooner fell in with a Spanish frigate, which ran her on 
board, notwithstanding that satisfactory answers had been 
given to all the questions put by an officer previously sent to 
examine her. While thus entangled, the frigate most dis- 
gracefully fired a great gun, and Mr. Walker, being near the 
muzzle, was shattered to pieces, the explosion also wounding 
one of his servants and a seaman. A kind of enquiry was 
subsequently instituted into the conduct of the Spanish cap- 
tain ; but our Government, particularly Lord Castlereagh, was 
much blamed, and very deservedly so, for their truckling 
conduct in this most lamentable affair. Mr. Walker was a 
man of transcendant abilities ; his genius might be said to 
have been universal ; but he was not a supporter of the then 
existing ministry. 



JOSEPH NEILL, ESQ. 

OBTAINED a lieutenant's commission in Nov. 1806 ; and 
served during the last two years of the French war in the 
Gloucester 74, Captain Robert Williams, on the Baltic sta- 
tion. In 1814, he went in the same ship to the Leeward 
Islands and Quebec. On the 26th Aug. 1815, he was pro- 
moted to the rank of commander. 



ROBERT SKIPjSEY, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in Nov. 1790 ; and commander on 
the 28th Aug. 1815. 



CHARLES HENRY CROOKE, ESQ. 

WAS badly wounded in four places, while acting as lieu- 
tenant, and commanding the boats of the Circe frigate, Cap- 
tain (now Sir Francis A.) Collier, in an unsuccessful attack 
upon the French national brig Cygne, near St. Pierre, Mar- 



COMMANDERS. 397 

tinique, Dec 12th, 1808*. His first commission bears date 
Jan. 9th, 1809 ; after which we find him serving in the Pre- 
sident frigate, successively commanded by Captains Samuel 
Warren and Francis Mason. He obtained his present rank 
on the 30th Aug. 1815 ; and a pension of 150 per annum, 
on account of his wounds, Feb. 16th, 1816. 



HENRY JOHN HATTON, ESQ. 

A Gentleman Usher of His Majesty's Privy Chamber. 

THIS officer was the second and youngest son of George 
Hatton, Esq. formerly M. P. for Lisburne, co. Antrim, by 
Lady Isabella R. Seymour Conway, sixth daughter of Francis, 
first Marquis of Hertford. He was born at Dublin in 1790 
and entered the royal navy towards the close of 1803, as mid- 
shipman on board the Crescent 36, Captain Lord William 
Stuart, whom he followed into the Lavinia 38, and continued 
to serve under till advanced to the rank of lieutenant, Nov. 
3d, 1809. During the remainder of the war, we find him in 
the Iris frigate, commanded, for the last three years thereof, 
by Captain Hood Hanway Christian. The Lavinia led the 
squadron which forced the passage between the batteries of 
Flushing and Cadsand, exposed to the enemy's fire during 
two hours (owing to the lightness of the wind and an adverse 
tide), Aug. llth, 1809. The Iris was actively employed on 
the north coast of Spain in 1811 and 1812 f ; 'and subse- 
quently captured three American letters of marque. 

The subject of this article obtained a commander's com- 
mission on the 30th Aug. 1815 ; and married, in Sept. 1831, 
a few months only before his death, Josephine Louise, daugh- 
ter of the late Moris. Lavoley, of Rouen, in Normandy. 



See Suppl. Part I. p. 420 et seq. 
f See Vol. II. Part II. pp. 521527. 



398 COMMANDERS. 

*. , v- ; . ~*Lf i-'.*k VS ' 1 / > \T*"IV?LX *'"3t t fv^_ 

CHARLES DU CANE, ESQ. 

SERVED as master's-mate on board the Mercury 28, Cap- 
tain (now Sir James A .) Gordon ; and was employed in her 
boats at the capture of seven Spanish tartans, under the bat- 
teries of Rota, April 4th, 1808 *. He passed his examination 
in July 1809 ; obtained the rank of lieutenant in Dec. follow- 
ing, on which occasion, we believe, he was appointed to the 
Egeria sloop, Captain Lewis Hole ; and subsequently served 
under Captains Joseph Bingham and Richard Raggett, in the 
Egmont and Spencer 74's. He was advanced to his present 
rank on the 30th Aug. 1815 ; and has since been employed as 
inspecting commander of the coast-guard, viz. at Harwich, in 
1824 ; and at Ryde, Isle of Wight, in 1825. 

This officer married, in 1 823, Frances, second daughter of 
the Rev. C. Prideaux Brune, of Prideaux Place, co. Cornwall. 



PATRICK DUFF HENRY HAY, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant on the 31st July, 1812; appointed 
to the Ramillies 74, Captain (now Sir Thomas M.) Hardy, 
Oct. 3d following ; and advanced to the rank of commander 
Aug. 3 1st, 1815. He commissioned the Redpole sloop in 
Nov. 1820 ; and was removed from that vessel to the Me- 
dina, on the Mediterranean station, Dec. 13th, 1821. 



WILLIAM ROBERT DAWKINS, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant on the 2d July, 1810; promoted 
to the rank of commander on the 1st September, 1815 ; and 
appointed to the Helicon sloop, fitting out for the West 
India station, May 18th, 1821. He died September 1st 
1824. 



* See Vol. II. Part II. p. 802. 



COMMANDERS. 399 

ALEXANDER M'KONOCHIE, ESQ. 

Secretaiy to the London Geological Society. 

THIS officer served as midshipman on board the Ethalion 
frigate, Captain (now Sir Thomas J.) Cochrane, on the West 
India station ; obtained the rank of lieutenant on the 15th 
Sept. 1809 ; and was a prisoner of war at Verdun ? 
in Dec. 1813. His commission as commander bears 
date Sept. 8th, 1815. He is the author of "A Summary 
View of the Statistics and existing Commerce of the prin- 
cipal Shores of the Pacific Ocean ; with a sketch of the 
advantages, political and commercial, which would result 
from the establishment of a central free port within its 
limits ; and also of one in the Southern Atlantic, viz., within 
the territory of the Cape of Good Hope, conferring on this 
latter, in particular, the same privilege of direct trade with 
India and the Northern Atlantic, bestowed lately on Malta 
and Gibraltar." 8vo. published in 1818. A review of this 
very interesting and entertaining production appeared in 
Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, III. 695 et seq. 



CHARLES LECHMERE, ESQ. 

SERVED as midshipman under Captain John Cramer (now 
Sir Josiah Coghill), in the Concorde frigate, on the East 
India station ; passed his examination, and was made a 
lieutenant, in Dec. 1807 5 served as such in the Lively 
frigate, Captain George M'Kinley; San Josef 114, bearing 
the flag of Sir Charles Cotton, commander-in-chief on the 
Mediterranean station ; and Cyrus 20, Captain William 
F. Carroll ; obtained the rank of commander on the 18th 
Sept. 1815 ; and died previous to July 1823. 



HENRY BENJAMIN WYATT, ESQ. 

Is a son of Mr. Wyatt, the celebrated architect. He 
passed his examination in June, 1809; and, at the inter- 



400 COMMANDERS. 

cession of a royal princess, was promoted to the rank of 
lieutenant, by commission dated July 3d, 1809, appointing 
him to the Magnet sloop, Captain John Smith (a), then 
about to join the Walcheren expedition. He afterwards 
served in the Ruby 64, Captain Robert Williams ; and Cum- 
berland 74, Captain (now Sir Thomas) Baker. His promo- 
tion to the rank of commander took place Sept. 18th, 1815. 



GEORGE B1GNELL, ESQ. 

SON of John Bignell, Esq. now thirty-nine years a purser 
in the royal navy. 

This officer's first commission bears date Sept. 10th, 
1801. He was severely wounded, and obliged to surrender 
to the Americans, while commanding the Hunter brig, under 
the orders of Captain Robert Heriott Barclay, on Lake 
Erie, Sept. 10th, 1813 *. He obtained his present rank on 
the 19th*, Sept. 1815 ; and about the same period, a pension 
for wounds, of 150 per annum. 



NEWDIGATE POYNTZ, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in Sept. 1807; and commander 
on the 19th Sept. 1815. 





ita *'.; : 

WILLIAM BOURCHIER, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in February 1810; and afterwards 
employed in the Gibraltar flotilla, under the orders of Com- 
modore Penrose, He subsequently commanded the Newash 
schooner, on Lake Huron ; where he remained until the 
breaking up of the naval establishment in Canada, in 1817* 
His commission as commander bears date Sept. 19th, 
1815. 

This officer married, April 8th, 1821, Emma, second 
daughter of John Mills Jackson, of Downton, co. Wilts, Esq. 



* See Vol. III. Part I. pp. 189 and 191. 



COMMANDKRb. 



401 



MICHAEL MATTHEWS, ESQ. 

SON of Mr. F. Matthews, formerly in the ordnance 
department, at Portsmouth. 

This officer obtained the rank of lieutenant on the 15th 
Oct. 1806 ; and subsequently served under Captains Charles 
Ekins and Joseph Prior, in the Defence and Minden, 74's, on 
the Baltic and East India stations. He was made a com- 
mander, into the Hesper sloop, Sept. 20th, 1815. 



HON. ARTHUR RICHARD TURNOUR. 

SECOND son of Edward second Earl of Winterton, by 
Jane, daughter of Richard Chapman, Esq. of London. This 
officer was born on the 14th Jan. 1/37; made a lieutenant 
in Aug. 180J ; and advanced to the rank of commander 
Sept. 20th, 1815. 



THOMAS FERRIS, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant into the Centaur 74, bearing the 
flag of Sir Samuel Hood, Oct. 19th, 1807. He subse- 
quently served under Captains Pulteney Malcolm, Sir Michael 
Seymour, and Joseph James, in the Donegal 74, Hannibal 74, 
and Tanais frigate ; obtained his present rank on the 20th 
Sept. 1815 ; and was appointed an inspecting-commander 
on the coast-guard service, July 6th, 1830. 



EDWARD FORLOW SCOTT, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant on the 16th March, 1808 ; and 
commander Sept. 20th, 1815. 



WILLIAM GILBERT ROBERTS, ESQ. 

YOUNGEST son of William Roberts, Esq. late a captain in 

VOL. IV. PART I. 2 D 



402 COMMANDERS. 

the 2d, or Queen's, regiment of dragoon guards, by Sarah 
Gawen, of Salisbury, whose family, for many generations, 
possessed considerable estates in Wiltshire. His paternal 
ancestors were related to the former Earls of Radnor, and 
long settled in Yorkshire, from whence his grandfather 
emigrated to Poland, where he formed a noble alliance, and 
had several children *. 

This officer was born at Salisbury, co. Wilts, July 21st, 
1791. He entered the royal navy early in 1804; and 
served the whole of his time as midshipman in the Terrible 
74, Captain Lord Henry Paulet, on the Channel, West India, 
and Mediterranean stations. On the 19th Aug. 1806, while 
pursuing a French squadron under Mons. Villauniez, that 
ship was totally dismasted in a hurricane, which continued 
with unabated violence for thirty-six hours f. 

A few days after he had passed his examination, Mr. 
Roberts received, through the interest of Lord Henry Paulet, 
an appointment from Lord Collingwood, to act as lieutenant of 
the Terrible ; which was confirmed by the Admiralty on the 
3d March, 1810. His next appointment was, about May 181 1, 
to the Dreadnought 98, Captain Samuel Hood Linzee, then 
preparing to sail for the Baltic ; from whence she departed 
in November following, in company with the ill-fated St. 
George, Defence, and Hero. On her return home, after 
encountering much severe weather, she was found unfit for 
further service, and ordered to be paid off at Plymouth. 

Lieutenant Roberts afterwards served under Captains 
William Isaac Scott and George Bell, in the Freya troop- 
ship and Medusa frigate, the former employed in taking 
out reinforcements to the army in the peninsula, and bringing 
to England French prisoners for the different dep6ts ; the 
latter as a cruiser on the North coast of Spain. 

In December 1813, lieutenant Roberts was recommended 
by his warm and constant friend Lord Henry Paulet, then 
at the Board of Admiralty, to Sir Alexander Cochrane, who 



* See Suppl. Part IV. notes * and f at p. 23. 
f See Suppl. Part IF. p. 382 ft seq. 



COMMANDERS. 403 

had just obtained the chief command on the North American 
station. On the 30th of the same month, he was appointed 
to that officer's flag-ship, the Asia 74 ; and we. subsequently 
find him following the vice-admiral into the Tonnant 80. 
During the operations against Washington and Baltimore, 
he was actively employed in boats and on shore ; and he 
appears to have been severely wounded in the head, while 
commanding the barge of the latter ship, under the orders of 
Captain Nicholas Loekyer, at the capture of five heavy gun- 
vessels on Lac Borgne, Dec. 14th, 1814*. 

After the failure of the expedition against New Orleans, 
Lieutenant Roberts commanded a detachment of boats em- 
ployed in watching Fort Boyer, for the purpose of preventing 
the American garrison from escaping to, or having any com- 
munication with, the town of Mobile. 

On the llth Feb. 1815, at the close of the day, a furious 
tornado suddenly convulsed the Mobile-river in a most extra- 
ordinary manner, and hurried its stream, with almost over- 
whelming velocity, into the ocean. Lieutenant Roberts, then 
in the Tonnant's launch, lying at a grapnel off the recently 
surrendered fort, instantly used every exertion to dismount 
the boat's carronade, and to prepare her to withstand the 
violence of the storm ; but such was its suddenness and im- 
petuosity, that, before he could effect his object, the grapnel 
rope parted, and he was blown, in a nearly water-logged 
state, out to sea ; every returning wave making the fate of 
himself and his companions, (24 in number,) apparently the 
more inevitable. Providentially, however, although in the 
gloom of night, the Meteor bomb, Captain Samuel Ro- 
berts, was discovered at anchor, and in such a truly fortu- 
nate direction that the boat drove near to, and by means of 
ropes thrown to her, was hauled alongside, scarcely a minute 
before she went down, in nine fathoms water, taking with 
her every article both of public and private property. 

For his exemplary conduct on the above occasions, Sir 
Alexander Cochrane was pleased to appoint Lieutenant 



* See Supp'I. Part IV. pp. 5 and 



404 COMMANDERS. 

Roberts acting commander of the Sophie sloop ; the Com- 
mittee of the Patriotic Fund presented him with a50 for the 
purchase of a sword ; and, as a, finale, the Board of Admiralty 
signed a commission, promoting him to his present rank, 
Sept. 20th, 1815. In the following year, he volunteered his 
services in the expedition against Algiers ; but this, like every 
subsequent effort on his part to obtain further employment, 
proved abortive. In Sept. 1818, and June 1825, he received 
letters from Admiral Sir Alexander I. Cochrane, of which the 
following are copies.r 

" Dear Sir, My absence in the Highlands has prevented me from reply- 
ing to your letter of the 22d ultimo sooner, and I feel a sincere regret that 
I cannot aid you in your views to obtain a ship. I really have little or no 
interest with the Admiralty ; and I am at a loss how to obtain an appoint- 
ment for my son, to place him in the way of promotion. Your preten- 
sions are good; and I recommend your applying to Lord Melville, who 
often acts from the impulse of the moment, and may lend a favorable ear 
to officers of merit. Wishing you every success, I remain, &c. 

(Signed) "ALEX. I. COCHRANE." 

" In reply to your letter of the 19th, I have much satisfactionin bearing 
testimony to the zeal and ability you displayed, while under my command 
upon the coast of America. In the various services carried on during the 
last years of the American war, I was particularly fortunate in being so 
well supported by the officers serving under me, and by none more than 
yourself. As those services were officially made known to the Admiralty, 
I should hope that they will be considered in any application you may 
make for employment ; which I sincerely hope you may obtain. I auo, 
dear sir, your most faithful and obedient humble servant, 

(Signed) " ALEX. L COCHRANB." 

Commander W. G. Roberts married, Feb. 5th, 1823, 
Sophia Frances, youngest daughter of the late William Wynd- 
ham, of Dinton, co. Wilts, Esq. whose descent may be traced 
from the same source as that of the Earls of Egremont. 



WILLIAM MONILAWS, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant in Feb. 1812; and commander o; 
the 20th Sept. 1815. 



.COMMANDERS. 405 

GEORGE TUPMAN, ESQ. 

OBTAINED a lieutenant's commission on the 19th Mar. 
1805; commanded the boats of the Meleager frigate, Captain 
John Broughton, at the capture of le Renard, French priva- 
teer, mounting one long six-pounder, with a complement of 
47 men, off St. lago de Cuba, Feb. 8th, 1808; and subse- 
quently served under Captains Lucius Curtis and the Hon. T. 
B. Capel, in the Magicienne frigate and la Hogue 74. He 
was acting commander of the Chanticleer sloop, at the re- 
duction of Guadaloupe, by the forces under Sir James Leith 
and Sir Philip C. Durham, in Aug. 1815 ; and advanced to 
his present rank on the 9th Oct. following. 



SAMUEL WRIFORD, ESQ. 

WAS a midshipman on board the Caesar 80, Captain Sir 
Richard J. Strachan, at the capture of four French line-of- 
battle ships, under Mons. Dumanoir le Pelley, Nov. 4th, 
1805. He obtained the rank of lieutenant on the 22d of the 
same month ; served as such in the Venerable 74, Captain 
Sir Home Popham, during the Walcheren expedition ; and, 
subsequently, as first of the Pembroke 74, Captain James 
Brisbane, on the Channel and Mediterranean stations. The 
manner in which the latter ship was employed will be seen 
by reference to Vol. II, Part I. p. 409 et seq. 

This officer was advanced to his present rank on the 10th 
Oct. 1815. He married in June, 1822, Mary, second daugh- 
ter of the late Mr. Peter Goodman Glubb, of Liskeard, co. 
Cornwall. 



MARK WHITE, ESQ. 

PASSED his examination in Oct. 1809 ; obtained a lieute- 
nant's commission on the 13th Aug. 1810 ; served during the 
remainder of the war in the Berwick 74, latterly commanded 
by Captain Edward Brace, on the Mediterranean station ; and 
was promoted to his present rank Oct. 10th, 1815. 



406 COMMANDERS. 

CHARLES RICH, ESQ. 

A SON of the late Admiral Sir Thomas Rich, and brother to 
Captain George Frederick Rich, R. N. 

This officer served as midshipman under Commodore (now 
Sir .Edward W. C. R.) Owen ; passed his examination in May 
1810; obtained a lieutenant's commission on the 28th of the 
following month ; and was advanced to his present rank Jan. 
27th, 1816. 



WILLIAM WOODLEY, ESQ. 

PASSED his examination in Mar. 1812 ; obtained his first 
commission on the 25th June following ; and was promoted 
to his present rank, after serving on board the Royal Char- 
lotte yacht, in attendance on the Princess Charlotte of Wales, 
at Wey mouth, Mar. llth, 1816. 



GEORGE DOMETT, ESQ. 

NEPHEW to the late Admiral Sir William Domett, G. C. B. 

This officer was made a lieutenant and appointed to the 
Scipion 74, Captain (now Sir Henry) Heathcote, in April, 
1812 ; appointed to the Nymphe frigate, Captain Farmery P. 
Epworth, June llth following; and promoted to the com- 
mand of the Peacock sloop, June 7th, 1814. We subsequently 
find him in the Briseis sloop, on the Jamaica station. 



WILLIAM ROBERTS (a), ESQ. 
WAS made a lieutenant on the 12th July, 1810; and pro- 
moted to the rank of commander Aug. 5th, 1816. 



PHILIP THICKNESSE HORN, ESQ. 

WAS wounded while serving as master' s-mate of the Ama- 
zon frigate, Captain Edward Riou, at the battle of Copen- 



COMMANDERS. 407 

hagen, April 2d, 1801. He obtained his first commission on 
the 7th Oct. 1805 ; and, after successively serving as senior 
lieutenant of the Indus 74, Captain William Hall Gage ; 
Boyne 98, Captain Frederick L. Maitland ; Vengeur 74, Cap- 
tains Tristram R. Ricketts, and Thomas Alexander ; and Su- 
perb 74, Captain Charles Ekins, in which ship he received 
a severe wound at the battle of Algiers, was promoted to the 
rank of commander, Sept. 16th, 1816. 



JOSEPH BENJAMIN HOWELL, ESQ. 

OBTAINED a lieutenant's commission on the 22d Jan. 1806 ; 
served as first of the Minden 74, Captain William Paterson, 
at the battle of Algiers ; and was promoted to his present 
rank, Sept. 16th, 1816. He married, Oct. 1st, 1823, Pa- 
tience, youngest daughter of the Rev. William George, M. A. 
vicar of North Petherton, co. Somerset. 



THOMAS REVANS, ESQ. 

Is of a Suffolk family, and the youngest of six brothers, four 
of whom devoted themselves to the service of their country, 
on the breaking out of the French revolutionary war. He 
was born at Lymington, co. Hants, in Oct. 1781, and entered 
into the royal navy in Dec. 1792. After serving on board 
the Lizard 28, Sheerness 44, and Hannibal 74, he was wrecked 
in la Determined troop-ship, Captain Alexander Becher, 
Mar. 26th, 1803 *. We afterwards find him in the Dread- 
nought 98, and Ville de Paris 110, the latter ship bearing 
the flag of the veteran Cornwallis, commander-in-chief of 
the Channel fleet. His first commission, appointing him 
lieutenant of the Hibernia 120, flag-ship of Earl St. Vincent, 
bears date Aug. 4th, 1806. He subsequently served in the 
Revolutionnaire and Minerva frigates ; as senior lieutenant of 



* See Vol. II. Part. II. p. 584 ttseq. 



408 COMMANDERS. 

1'fmpetueux J6, successively commanded by Captains John 
Lawford and David Milne ; and of the Dublin, Venerable, 
and Bulwark, 74's, under the latter officer. On the occasion 
of la DetermineVs destruction, he was one of five per- 
sons who remained on the wreck to the latest moment, with 
their captain. 

Mr. Revans's next appointment was to be flag-lieutenant 
to Rear-Admiral Milne, in which capacity he bore a part at 
the memorable battle of Algiers. His promotion to the rank 
of commander took place on the 16th Sept. 1816. He is 
married, but has no issue. One of his brothers lost an arm 
in the naval service, and died at St. Domingo, in 1797. 



THOMAS SANDERS, ESQ. 

SERVED as midshipman under Captain (afterwards Rear- 
Admiral) Percy Fraser in la Nymphe frigate ; and lost two of 
his fingers by the breaking of her spanker-boom, on which he 
happened to be standing while a smuggling vessel was ondea- 
vouring to effect her escape to leeward. He obtained his 
first commission on the 19th Sept. 1806 ; served in the Ra- 
leigh sloop, Captain George Sayer (b), during the Walcheren 
expedition ; afterwards in the Egmont 74, Captain Joseph 
Bingham j lastly, as senior lieutenant of the Leander 50, Cap- 
tain Edward Chetham, C. B. at the battle of Algiers ; and 
was promoted to his present rank, Sept. 16th, 1816. 



JOHN PARSON, ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant on the 1st Nov. 1807. During 
the latter part of the late French war, he served under Cap- 
tain Sir E. T. Troubridge, in the Armide frigate. He was se- 
nior lieutenant of the Granicus, Captain William F. Wise, at 
the battle of Algiers ; and, for his conduct on that occasion, 
promoted to the rank of commander, Sept. 16th, 1816. 



COMMANDERS. 409 

JAMES DAVIES, ESQ. 

OBTAINED a lieutenant's commission on the llth Dec. 
1807; served as first of the Severn frigate, Captain the Hon. 
Frederick W. Aylmer, at the battle of Algiers ; and was pro- 
moted to the rank of commander, Sept. 16th, 1816. 



GEORGE M< PHERSON, ESQ. 

ENTERED into the royal navy, in 1800, as midshipman on 
board the Dragon 74, Captain (afterwards Sir George) Camp- 
bell ; under whose flag (as rear-admiral) he subsequently 
served in the Canopus 80, on the Mediterranean station. 
From thence he went, in the same ship, bearing the flag of 
Rear-Admiral (afterwards Sir Thomas) Louis, and forming 
part of the squadron under Lord Nelson, to the West Indies, 
in pursuit of the combined fleets of France and Spain, under 
Mons. Villeneuve. After Sir John T. Duckworth's battle, 
off St. Domingo, Feb. 6th, 1806, he sailed for England in le 
Brave, prize 74, the fate of which ship is recorded in Vol. I. 
Part II. p. 594. 

We next find Mr. M'Pherson serving in the Canopus at 
the forcing of the passage of the Dardanelles ; and, if we are 
not misinformed, it was he who commanded the boat which 
rescued Captain (now Sir Henry) Blackwood, from a watery 
grave, when the Ajax, an 80-gun ship, under the command of 
that officer, was destroyed by fire, near the island of Tenedos, 
in the night of Feb. 14th, 1807 *. During the subsequent 
fruitless negociations with the Turks, he assisted in a disas- 
trous attempt to drive a party from Prota, an island in the 
Sea of Marmora f. 

After Sir John T. Duckworth's retreat from before Con- 
stantinople, the Canopus accompanied him to Egypt, whither 
a conjunct expedition had already proceeded, under the com- 



* See Vol. I. Part II. p. 648, et seq. 
f See Suppl. Part. II. p. 138, et seq. 



410 COMMANDERS. 

mand of Major-General Fraser and Captain Hallo well (now 
Sir Benjamin H. Carew). While there, Mr. M'Pherson 
greatly distinguished himself in command of some gun-boats 
occupying an important position on Lake Mareotis. In Mar. 
1808, he was made a lieutenant, and appointed to the Warspite 
74, fitting out at Chatham. From that ship he removed into 
the Caledonia 120, bearing the flag of Lord Gambier, pre- 
vious to the attack upon a French squadron in Aix Roads, 
April llth, 1809. Subsequent thereto, he displayed great 
zeal, judgment, and ability, as a volunteer in the flotillas em- 
ployed against Walcheren and in defending Cadiz ; on which 
latter service he appears to have been shot through the left 
leg and in his breast, while gallantly preventing the escape of 
a prison-ship, having on board five hundred Frenchmen, well 
provided with small-arms. For these injuries he was granted a 
paltry pension of 45/. \2s.6d. per annum, Aug. 22d, 1811. He 
afterwards served in the Egmont 74, Captain Joseph Bingham ; 
Warspite, Captains the Hon. Henry Blackwood and Lord 
James O'Brien ; Liffey frigate, Captain John Hancock ; Ven- 
geur 74, Captain Thomas Alexander ; and as first lieutenant of 
the Glasgow frigate, Captain the Hon. Anthony Maitland, at 
the battle of Algiers. His promotion to the rank of com- 
mander took place Sept. 16th, 1816. 

Gifted with the advantages of a powerful mind, regulated 
by the most scrupulous sense of honor, and devotion to the 
duties of his profession, the subject of this sketch gained, in 
a high degree, the confidence of his superiors, and secured 
the admiration of all who witnessed his conduct. The same 
energy of mind and firmness of character which distinguished 
him as an officer, prompted him in his retirement to further 
usefulness in the service of the public, as an active and faithful 
magistrate. In the more private walks of life, his warm and 
hospitable disposition, cheerful, though modest and unassum- 
ing manner, and his sincere and steady friendship, eminently 
fitted him to promote the happiness of social intercourse. He 
died at Milltown Cottage, Ordesier, Inverness, in May or 
June, 1824. 



COMMANDERS. 411 

JAMES BOYLE BABINGTON, ESQ. 

PASSED his examination, and was made a lieutenant, in 
April, 1810. He subsequently served in 1'Aigle frigate, 
Captain Sir John Louis ; Woodlark sloop, Captain William 
Cutfield ; and as first of the Impregnable 98, bearing the flag 
of Rear- Admiral (now Sir David) Milne, at the battle of Al- 
giers. He obtained the rank of commander Sept. 16th, 1816 ; 
and was afterwards employed in the coast-guard service, be- 
tween Great Yarmouth and Burnham. This officer died in 
1826. 



ROBERT HAY, ESQ. 

PASSED his examination in Mar. 1812; obtained a com- 
mission on the 13th Aug. following ; and subsequently 
served under Captains John Ferris Devonshire and John 
Coode, in the Albion 74 ; of which ship he was first lieu- 
tenant at the battle of Algiers. His promotion to the rank 
of commander took place Sept. 16th, 1816. 

In May, 1821, this officer won the prize given by the 
Edinburgh Royal Company of Archers, after a contest of 
three days in Hope Park. On the 14th June, 1822, he was 
appointed to the Delight sloop, fitting out for the Cape of 
Good Hope station ; and on the 23d Feb. 1824, he perished, 
with all his officers and crew ; owing to that vessel having 
been taken a-back in a heavy gust of wind, which sent her 
down stern-foremost, when about to enter Port Louis. 



JAMES SYMONS, ESQ. 

SON of the late Lieutenant James Symons, of the royal 
naval hospital at Plymouth. 

This officer was made a lieutenant in Feb. 1808 ; appointed 
to the Vestal troop-ship, about Aug. 1810 ; and sentenced to 
be dismissed from H. M. service, Oct. 27th, 1811, for diso- 
bedience of orders and neglect of duty, in having suffered 



412 COMMANDERS. 

Mr. William Nicholls, master of an American merchant brig, 
to go on shore and be at large, contrary to the express di- 
rections of his captain ; when the said Mr. Nicholls was 
under detention on a charge of having, after the brig which 
he commanded had been detained and ordered to Plymouth, 
overpowered the prize crew, and turned them adrift in a boat 
ninety miles distant from the land. 

In 1813, we find Mr. Symons restored to his former rank, 
and serving under Captain (now Sir David) Milne, in the 
Venerable and Bulwark 74's. His last appointment was to 
the Leander 50, fitting out for the flag of the same officer, as 
commander- in- chief on the Halifax station ; of which ship 
he was second lieutenant at the memorable battle of Algiers. 
He obtained a commander's commission on the 17th Sept. 
1816; married, Sept. 1st, 1818, Miss Jacobson, of Plymouth 3 
and died, we believe, in 1829. 



RICHARD HOWELL FLEMING, ESQ. 

Knight of the Royal Sicilian Order of St. Ferdinand and of Merit. 

THIS officer first embarked in April 1793, at the age of 
fourteen years, as a volunteer on board the Solebay frigate, 
Captain William Hancock Kelly, in which ship he was pre- 
sent at the reduction of Martinique, St. Lucia, and Guada- 
loupe, by the military and naval forces under Sir Charles 
Grey and Sir John Jervis, in March and April, 1/94. On his 
return from the West Indies, in Nov. 1795, he was discharged 
and sent home by Captain Kelly's successor (the present Sir 
Henry W. Bayntun), a favor not extended to any other of 
the crew. In Feb. 1796, he again volunteered, and was re- 
ceived on board the Romney 50, fitting out for the flag of Sir 
James Wallace, in which ship he served under Captains 
Frank Sotheron, John Bligh, and John Lawford, on the New- 
foundland and North Sea stations, until invalided on account 
of a severe hurt in his knee, in Oct. 1798. When recovered, 
lie shipped himself on board an East Indiaman, in which he 
made one voyage out and home ; and on his return to Eng- 



COMMANDERS. 413 

land, in June, 1800, joined a transport employed in carrying 
stores to the West Indies and Mediterranean, until paid off 
in May, 1802. He then entered into the revenue service, and 
continued till June, 1804; when we find him once more 
volunteering to serve afloat, under the flag of Sir Edward 
Pellew, with whom he soon afterwards sailed for India, in the 
Culloden 74. 

While on that station, Mr. Fleming was successively re- 
moved into the Howe and Cornwallis frigates, the Harrier 
sloop, and Sir Edward Hughes 38; in which latter ship he 
returned home, under the command of Captain Edward Rat- 
sey, about Oct. 180/. He afterwards re-visited the West 
Indies, in the York 74, Captain Robert Barton; and was 
appointed acting lieutenant of that ship by Sir Alexander 
Cochrane, Dec. 14th, 1808. During the subsequent opera- 
tions against Martinique, he commanded a division of 100 
seamen, landed to act in conjunction with the army under 
Lieutenant-General Beckwith. His first commission bears 
date Sept. 26th, 1809 ; previous to which he had witnessed 
the reduction of the island of Walcheren. 

The York was next employed on the Mediterranean sta- 
tion, where Lieutenant Fleming appears to have served in 
that ship, and the Conqueror and Ajax 74's, under Captains 
Barton, Edward Fellowes, and Sir Robert Laurie, until ap- 
pointed by Sir Edward Pellew to the command of the Py- 
lades (afterwards Carlotta) gun-brig, in Jan. 1812. While 
belonging to the Conqueror, he was sent with three boats under 
his orders to attempt cutting out an enemy's armed vessel, 
lying at Arus, in the Gulph of Genoa ; but it being mid-day, 
and the military having collected in great force, he found 
himself under the necessity of relinquishing his object, with 
the loss of seventeen or eighteen men wounded some mor- 
tally and all the rest severely. In the Carlotta, he captured 
several small vessels, including a French privateer, and 
partook of various services on the coasts of Tuscany and 
Genoa. 

In April, 1813, Mr. Hugh Stewart Morris, midshipman of 
the Carlotta, was tried by a court-martial, for disobedience of 



414 COMMANDERS. 

orders, for embezzling, or designing to embezzle, the cargo 
of a prize settee, and for attempting to desert ; as were also 
Francis Baynson and Franois Richie, seamen, for aiding him 
therein, and attempting to desert. It appeared in evidence, 
that the settee was detained on the 18th Oct. 1812, and the 
prisoner Morris sent on board to take charge of her, with 
orders to accompany the Carlotta to Malta. He, however, 
parted company on the night of the 19th. and went to Port 
St. Vito, from thence to Palermo, where he remained twenty 
days, and sold great part of the cargo.' The morning after he 
sailed from Palermo, he proposed to the crew to sell the ves- 
sel and every thing remaining on board : he then directed the 
oakum to be picked out of her bottom, so as to cause a leak 
forward ; and having anchored between Rochelle and Ce- 
phalu, landed the remainder of the cargo, and agreed with a 
Sicilian to sell it and the wreck for 373 doubloons ; having 
done which, two holes were made underneath the counter, 
and the settee run on shore. From Cephalu, Morris and part 
of the crew, with whom he had divided the money, proceeded 
to Messina, where they continued some days, and were ap- 
prehended by the British deputy-quarter-master-general, as 
they were on the point of taking a boat to go over to Cala- 
bria. The Court decided that the charges had been proved 
against the three prisoners, and adjudged the following 
punishments ; viz. Hugh Stewart Morris to be mulcted of 
all pay and prize-money then due to him, to be imprisoned 
two years in solitary confinement, and to be rendered inca- 
pable of ever again serving His Majesty, his heirs and suc- 
cessors, either as an officer or petty-officer. Francis- Baynson 
to be mulcted of all pay and prize-money due to him, and to 
receive two hundred lashes. Franpois Richie to be mulcted 
of all his pay and prize-money, and to be disposed of as a 
prisoner of war. 

The Carlotta was paid off in Feb. 1815; and Lieutenant 
Fleming soon afterwards joined the Impregnable 98, bearing 
the flag of Sir Josias Rowley, from which ship he was ap- 
pointed to the temporary command of the late Neapolitan 
sloop of war Joachim, May 22d following. In that vessel, he 



COMMANDERS. 415 

conveyed despatches from Naples to Palermo, announcing 
the surrender of the former capital; and subsequently served 
as a volunteer at the siege of Gaieta. The Impregnable 
appears to have been put out of commission in December, 
1815. 

Lieutenant Fleming's last appointment was, July 3d, 1816, 
to the Queen Charlotte 120, fitting out for the flag of Lord 
Exmouth, and destined against Algiers. During the attack 
upon that "warlike city," he commanded with great credit a 
battering-vessel (No. 5), mounting one 68-pounder ; and 
after expending all his ammunition, blew up an ordnance 
sloop, charged with 143 barrels of gunpowder, close under 
the semicircular battery to the northward of the lighthouse ; 
which must have operated very successfully as a diversion in 
favour of the severely mauled Impregnable, He obtained the 
rank of commander on the 1/th Sept. 1816. 

This officer was the first person who fully represented the 
sufferings of the Christians in slavery at Algiers ; for which, 
and his subsequent services, the King of the Two Sicilies 
was pleased to confer upon him the Order of St. Ferdinand 
and Merit. He married, Jan. 8th, 1821, Eliza, daughter of 
P. George, Esq. of Berkeley Square, Bristol. 



JOHN DAVIES (ft), ESQ. 

OBTAINED the rank of lieutenant on the 2d Feb. 1809; and 
served as such under Captain Nicholas Lockyer, in the 
Hound sloop, off Flushing; and Captain James Macnamara, 
in the Edgar and Berwick 74's, on the Baltic and Channel 
stations. We lastly find him in the Queen Charlotte 120, 
bearing the flag of Lord Exmouth, at the battle of Algiers. 
He was made a commander on the 8th Oct. 1816. 



PHILIP LE VESCONTE, ESQ, 

A SON of the late Mr. Philip Le Vesconte, -who lost a leg 
in Earl Howe's action, June 1st, 1794, and died purser of 



416 COMMANDED. 

the Royal William 84, flag- ship at Spithead, May 25th, 
1807. 

This officer was wounded on board the Monarch 74, Cap- 
tain James Robert Mosse, at the battle of Copenhagen, April 
2d, 1801 ; and wrecked in the Magnificent 74, Captain Wil- 
liam Henry Jervis, near Brest, March 25th, 1804 ; on which lat- 
ter occasion eighty-six of his shipmates were taken prisoners. 
He obtained the rank of lieutenant in May, 1801 ; and served 
for several years, previous to and since the peace, as first of 
the Elephant and Queen 74's, the former ship commanded by 
the present Rear-Admiral Austen, in the North Sea and 
Baltic ; the latter bearing the flag of the late Sir Charles V. 
Penrose, on the Mediterranean station. His commission as 
commander bears date Nov. 7th, 1816. 



JOHN PAYNTER, ESQ. 

OBTAINED his first commission in Aug. 1810; served as 
flag-lieutenant to Lord Exmouth, in 1815 ; and was advanced 
to his present rank, Nov. 7th, 1815. 



LEWIS CAMPBELL, ESQ. 

SON of a Greenock merchant, and first cousin to Thomas 
Campbell, Esq. the celebrated poet. 

This officer was made a lieutenant on the 7th Jan. 1802 ; 
and appears to have served successively as first of the Ville 
de Paris 110, Captain (afterwards Sir George) Burlton, on 
the Mediterranean station ; Stirling Castle 74, Captain Sir 
Home Popham, employed in conveying the late Marquis of 
Hastings from England to Bengal ; and Cornwallis 74, bear- 
ing the flag of Sir George Burlton, when commander-in-chief 
in the East Indies. He obtained the rank of commander on 
the 15th Nov. 1816; and died at Bothwell Mount Cottage, 
near Glasgow, in Aug. 1825. His brother, Robert Camp- 
bell, Esq. was made a commander in 1821 . 



COMMANDERS. 41/ 

RICHARD BLUETT, ESQ. 

OBTAINED a lieutenant's commission on the 7th May, 
1800 ; and served as first of the Raisonnable 64, Captain (now 
Sir Josias) Rowley, who in his official letter to Vice- Admiral 
Bertie, reporting the capture of St. Paul's, in Isle Bourbon, 
says, "I have given the charge of la Caroline (French frigate) 
to Lieutenant Bluett, to whose steadiness and good conduct 
I feel much indebted, both on this and other occasions." At 
the close of the late war with France, he was senior lieutenant 
of the Princess Caroline 74, Captain Hugh Downman. His 
promotion to the rank of commander took place Dec. 6th, 
1816. 



JOHN ROBERTSON (a), ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant on the 26th Jan. 1805; and com- 
mander Dec. 9th, 1816. Previous to his obtaining the latter 
rank, he had served in the Belle Poule frigate, Captain (after- 
wards Sir James) Brisbane; and San Josef and Queen 
Charlotte, first rates, bearing the flags of the late Sir Charles 
Cotton and Viscount Keith, successive cornmanders-in-chief 
on the Channel station. 



JOHN PENGELLY PARKIN, ESQ. 

PASSED his examination, and obtained a commission in 
Sept. 1814; subsequently served as flag-lieutenant to Sir 
Richard King, on the East India station ; and was promoted 
by that officer to the command of the Bacchus sloop, Dec. 
12th, 1816. 



THOMAS WENTWORTH BULLER, ESQ. 

OBTAINED his first commission on the 8th Dec. 1812. His 
subsequent appointments were, Feb. 5th, 1813, to the Indus 
74, Captain (now Rear-Admiral) William Hall Gage, fitting 

VOL. IV. PART I. 2 E 



418 COMMANDERS. 

out for the Mediterranean station ; April 16th, 1814, to the 
Diomede troop-ship, Captain Charles Montagu Fabian ; and, 
June 16th, 1815, to be flag lieutenant to Sir John T. Duck- 
worth, port-admiral at Plymouth. His promotion to the 
rank of commander took place April 19th, 1817- 

This officer married, Oct. 24th, 1827, Ann, only daughter 
of the late Edward Divett, of Bystock, co. Devon, Esq. 



ROBERT ROCHFORD FELIX, ESQ. 

SON of Dr. Felix, of Bristol. This officer obtained a lieu- 
tenant's commission on the 20th Sept. 1806; and sub- 
sequently served under Captains James Macnamara, Paul 
Lawless, and Francis W. Austen, in the Edgar 74, Vautour 
sloop, and Elephant 74, on the North Sea and Baltic sta- 
tions. He was promoted from the Salisbury 58, bearing the 
flag of Rear-Admiral John E. Douglas, at Jamaica, to the 
command of the Rifleman sloop, June 10th, 1817- We 
afterwards find him in the Beaver 10, on the same station, 
where he continued until Oct. 1818. 






CHARLES MOORE (ft), ESQ. 

WAS made a lieutenant on the 26th Jan. 1813; and 
served on shore, under the command of Captain (now Sir 
Charles) Rowley, at the reduction of Trieste, by the Austrian 
and British forces under General Count Nugent and Rear- 
Admiral Fremantle, in the month of October following. He 
was appointed flag-lieutenant to Sir Charles Rowley, on that 
officer assuming the chief command in the river Medway, 
Aug. 1816 ; and we subsequently find him lent to the Royal 
Sovereign yacht, Captain Sir Edward W. C. R. Owen, em- 
ployed in conveying Louis Philippe, Due d'Orleans, now 
King of the French, from England to Calais. The following 
is translated from the Moniteur : 

"Calais, April Tith, 1817. 

"Yciterday,; about 9 A. M., the Eleanor, from Nuntz to Dunkirk, 
ar .1 TJIAJ ,vr JY 



COMMANDERS, 419 

with corn, burthen /2 tons, with a crew of seven men, was driven on 
shore eastward of our harbour, during a strong north-west gale. Certain 
death seemed to await the unfortunate crew, who uttered the most 
piercing cries. At the instant when all seemed to be over with them, 
for one or two had been washed away, a boat sent from the Royal Sove- 
reign yacht was seen darting through the surf, manned by Lieutenant 
Charles Moore and eight British seamen. Commodore Owen placed 
himself at the extremity of the jetty, and, although repeatedly almost 
washed away by the sea, by his voice and gestures animated and directed 
the boat's crew. The danger of those remaining on board increased every 
instant, and in a few minutes four were successively forced into the deep. 
The three survivors were seen imploring succour in the most agonizing 
manner: the generous and intrepid Moore neglected no efforts, and 
finally succeeded in saving, by means of a rope thrown from the boat, 
two of the crew, with whom he returned to the jetty, not being able 
to keep his boat longer above water. Captain Wilkinson of the Dart 
Packet, belonging to Dover, then threw himself into the boat, to lend 
his assistance, and she put off for the wreck once more. Hie last of 
the Eleanor's crew still remained alive, and had lashed himself to the 
mast. The boat had again reached the wreck, when Lieutenant Moore> 
who stood up to give directions to his men, and to encourage the half- 
drowned Frenchman, was suddenly struck by a -tremendous wave, and 
thrown into the sea. Consternation seized on all his companions., and 
they were struck motionless, when their brave oth'cer again made his 
appearance, swimming alongside. He had passed under the bottom of 
the boat. Notwithstanding his accident, he, with the utmost coolness, 
ordered her again to be rowed to the wreck. By this manoeuvre, the 
spirits of the unfortunate Frenchman were revived j and he rather 
hastily loosened himself from the mast, then precipitated himself into 
the sea. He was seen on the surface for an instant, and every exertion 
was made to save him ; but he sunk to rise no more. The boat then 
returned to the jetty, and the gallant officer and crew received the thanks 
and congratulations of a thousand spectators." 

For bis conduct on this "occasion, Mr. Moore was promoted 
to the rank of commander, June 24th, 1817- He married, 
in 1819, at Grantham, co. Lincoln, Elizabeth Ann, second 
daughter of the late Rev. Richard Palmer. 



JOHN COLPOYS IIEASLOP, ESQ. 

PASSED his examination in Oct. 1813, and was made a 
lieutenant on the 6th of the following month. He subse- 



420 COMMANDERS. 

quently served under Captain John Martin Hanchett, in the 
Diadem troop- ship ; Captains Farmery P. Epworth and 
George M'Kinley, in the Bulwark 74; Captain Charles 
Buller, C. B. in the Akbar 50 ; and Captain Samuel Jackson, 
C. B. in the Niger 38 ; from which latter ship he was ad- 
vanced to the rank of commander, June 24th, 1817- 



WILLIAM ELLIOT WRIGHT, ESQ. 

OBTAINED his first commission on the llth Dec. 1S07; 
and subsequently served under Captains Pulteney Malcolm 
and Sir Michael Seymour, in the Donegal and Hannibal 74's. 
We next find him flag-lieutenant to the former distinguished 
officer, by whom he was appointed acting commander of the 
Griffon sloop, at St. Helena, Sept. 20th, 1816. On his re- 
turn from that station, after having been confirmed by com- 
mission dated Aug. 20, 1817> he was tried by court-martial 
on a charge of smuggling fifty-three yards of crape and 
various other contraband articles, during the Griffon's stay 
at Portsmouth. The Court, after a long deliberation, sen- 
tenced him to be dismissed His Majesty's service. On this 
painful occasion, Rear-Admiral Sir Pulteney Malcolm and Sir 
Michael Seymour, the latter of whom happened to preside at 
the trial, gave him a most excellent and honorable character, 
as an officer and a gentleman ; but the Court, under the cir- 
cumstances of the case, and agreeably to the articles of war, 
felt bound to deliver such a sentence. He was restored to 
his former rank, however, in 1819. 






421 



ADDENDA, 



TO POST- CAPTAINS OF 



GEORGE JAMES SHIRLEY, ESQ. 

SON of Captain James Shirley, who obtained post rank on 
the 16th Feb. 1772? a "d perished in command of the Vestal 
frigate (together with all his officers and crew) on the banks 
of Newfoundland, in 1777 ; and grandson of Captain James 
Shirley, (seniority April 27th, 1/62), who died in command 
of the Dolphin 20, on the East India station, in 1774. 

This officer entered into the royal navy in the beginning of 
1779 j an d served without a day's intermission from that 
period until advanced to the command of the Mars 74, by 
post commission dated April 26th, 1798. The flag-officers 
and captains under whom he passed the first eighteen years 
of his professional life, always in most active employment, 
were the late Lords Bridport and Hood, Sir Samuel Hood, 
Alexander Hood, Sir William Domett, and Sir Charles 
Morice Pole, the present Sir Philip C. H. Durham, and the 
late John Woodley. As midshipman and lieutenant, he was 
in many general and partial actions, particularly in the early 
part of the French revolutionary war. He has been several 
times wounded ; and on one occasion would have lost an 
arm, by amputation, had not the attention of the surgeon 
been directed to an officer of higher rank just as he was 
about to commence the operation, having already applied a 
tourniquet to the broken limb. Fortunately for Mr. Shirlej', 
before that gentleman could return to him, his assistant had 
set the arm, placed it in splints, and saved him from the in- 
tended mutilation. 

After the mutiny at Spitheacl, Mr. Shirley was promoted 
from the Royal George, first rate, to the command of the 



422 ADDENDA TO POST-CAPTAINS OF 1798-1800. 

Megaera fire-vessel ; and on the death of Captain Alexander 
Hood, who fell in action with the French 74 Hercule, he 
was posted into the Mars. By this time, however, from fre- 
quent exposure to wet and cold, the rheumatic gout had 
caught fast hold of him ; and although not without many 
friends, possessing both the inclination and power to serve 
him, he was prevailed upon to accept the command of a 
division of sea-fencibles, which he retained from the first 
formation of that corps, in 1798, until its final dissolution, in 
1810. He was superannuated with the rank of rear-admiral, 
June 2d, 1825, 



BENDALL ROBERT LITTLEHALES, ESQ. 

THIS officer, after nearly twenty-six years most active 
service afloat, two more in command of the Liverpool dis- 
trict of sea-fencibles, and above four as pay-captain (or 
assistant commissioner) at Plymouth, was, at the end of the 
late war, placed on half-pay, and for want of interest could 
never afterwards obtain employment. It will be seen by 
reference to Vol. II. Part I. pp. 283 289, that he bore a part 
in two general actions during the American revolutionary 
war ; that he personally assisted at the assault and capture of 
Fort Louis, during the siege of Martinique, in 1794 ; that he 
subsequently boarded and destroyed a French ordnance store- 
ship, mounting eighteen guns, under a battery at St. Fran9ois, 
in the island of Guadaloupej that he highly distinguished 
himself as first lieutenant of the Amazon frigate, and received 
some severe contusions in action with the French 80-gun 
ship les Droits de F Honime, on the night of Jan. 13th, 
1797 i that he was immediately afterwards wrecked and 
taken prisoner, with the loss of his wardrobe and other private 
property ; that he commanded the Centaur 74, for a period of 
about two years and four months, during which he served with 
the inshore squadron off Brest, and was handsomely spoken 
of by Commodore Sir Samuel Hood, for his assiduity and 
attention, at the reduction of St. Lucia ; also that ill-health 



ADDENDA TO POST-CAPTAINS OV 1800. 423 

was the sole cause of his not continuing in active service. 
We should have added, that. he applied for the command of 
another ship, in the late war, as soon as he became convales- 
cent; that he accepted the office of commissioner afloat at 
Plymouth, on being assured, though not officially, from what 
he considered the best authority, that, like las predecessors, 
he would be as certain of obtaining his flag as if he were 
serving at sea ; that, when a war with Spain, on account of 
Portugal, was anticipated, he immediately volunteered his 
services ; and that, on the promulgation of the Order in 
Council of June 30th, 1827 (prohibiting in future the promo- 
tion of captains who shall not " have commanded one or more 
rated ship or ships four complete years during war, or six 
complete years during peace, or five complete years of war 
and peace combined' 3 ), he most earnestly solicited, both 
verbally and by letter, any appointment which would give 
him a chance of qualifying himself for advancement as a flag- 
officer, agreeably to that regulation. All his efforts, how- 
ever, proved unavailing, and he had the bitter mortification 
to be placed on the list of retired rear-admirals, July 22d, 
1830. 

This officer's second son, Edward Littlehales, served as 
midshipman under the flag of Sir Harry Neale, Bart. &c. in 
the Revenge 78, on the Mediterranean station ; obtained a 
lieutenant's commission, appointing him to the Success 28, 
Captain James Stirling, employed in the East Indies, Mar. 
llth, 1828; and continued in that ship, under the command 
of Captain William Clarke Jervoise, until paid off at Ports- 
mouth, Dec. 16th, 1831. By reference to p. 447 of Vol. III. 
Part II. the reader will perceive that this young officer's. ex- 
emplary conduct at the time when the Success was all but lost 
on a reef, whilst making for Cockburn Sound, in Western 
Australia, drew forth the expression of his persevering cap- 
tain's warmest approbation ; and we have to add, that the 
Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty highly approving 
thereof, were pleased to allow him to succeed the present 
Commander Edmund Yonge as first lieutenant, and to re- 
main in that capacity until put out of commission. 



424 ADDENDA TO POST-CAPTAINS OF 1810. 

SIR NISBET JOSIAH WILLOUGHBY. 

(See Suppl. Part II. p. 195.) 

In Aug. 1832, this heroic officer was created a Knight 
Commander of the Royal Hanoverian Guelphic Order ; pre- 
vious to which he had received the subjoined fluttering com- 
munication from His Majesty's private secretary : 

" Windsor Castle, July 28th, 1832. 

" Sir, I have not delayed to submit your letter of the 21st inst. to the 
King, and I have been honored with His Majesty's commands to acquaint 
you, that he will have great satisfaction in taking the earliest opportunity 
of conferring upon you the Commander's Cross of the Guelphic Order, 
and to assure you, that His Majesty is persuaded that he cannot grant 
this distinction to any individual who is more deserving of it, or whose cha- 
racter and services will do more credit to the Order. I have the honor to 
be, Sir, &c. (Signed) "HERBERT TAYLOR." 

" The King has ordered me to add the expression of his sincere concern 
that you continue to suffer so much from your wounds. I beg to return 
General Steinheil's letter." 



HON. JAMES ASHLEY MAUDE. 

A Companion nf the Most Honorable Military Order of the Bath, and 
Knight of the French and Russian Orders of St. Louis and St. Anne. 

(See Suppl. Part III. p. 249, et seq.) 

THIS officer is the third son of Cornwallis, first Viscount 
Hawarden, by his third wife, Isabella Elizabeth Stanley, sis- 
ter to the first Viscount Monck. His ancestor, Christopher 
Maude, a member of the Irish House of Commons, emigrated 
from Yorkshire, and settled at Dundrum, co. Tipperary, about 
the year 1639. 

Mr. JAMES ASHLEY MAUDE entered the royal navy in 
1799, as midshipman on board the Barfleur 98, Captain James 
Richard Dacres j and shortly afterwards joined the Prince, 
another second-rate, then bearing the flag of Sir Roger Curtis, 
and employed in the blockade of Cadi/ j but subsequently 
the flag of Sir Charles Cotton, and attached to the Channel 
fleet. We next find him proceeding to join the Queen Char-, 



ADDENDA TO POST- CAPTAINS OF 1814. 425 

lottellO, bearing the flag of Lord Keith, which noble ship, 
however, was accidentally destroyed by fire, near the island of 
Capreja, Mar. 17th, 1809, only two or three days previous to 
his arrival at Leghorn *. 

After this providential escape, Mr. Maude followed his 
lordship into the Minotaur 74 ; and was present, in that ship, 
at the blockade and consequent surrender of Genoa, in the 
summer of 1800 f. On the 3d Aug. 1801, being then in the 
Phoenix 36, Captain (now Sir Lawrence W.) Halsted, he also 
witnessed the capture of a French 40-gun frigate, la Carrere, 
near Elba ; and on the 2d Sept. following, the destruction 
of la Bravoure 46, and re-capture of a British 32, the Success, 
near Leghorn J. 

The Phoenix returned home from the Mediterranean in 
June 1802 ; and Mr. Maude appears to have subsequently 
served under Captain Lord William Stuart, in the Crescent 
frigate, on the North Sea and Channel stations. His first 
appointment as lieutenant was, Mar. 29th, J 805, to the Namur 
74, commanded by Captain L. W. Halsted, in which ship he 
assisted at the capture of a French squadron, consisting of 
one 80 and three 74's, the former bearing the flag of Mons. 
Dumanoir le Pelley, Nov. 4th, 1805 . 

Shortly after this event, Lieutenant Maude was appointed 
to the Lavinia 40, in which frigate he continued, under Cap- 
tains Lord William Stuart and John Hancock, on the Channel, 
Oporto, and Mediterranean stations, until Jan. 1809. By the 
latter officer he was frequently employed in boats on the 
southern coast of France, where we find him making several 
successful attacks upon the enemy's trade. His spirited con- 
duct at the capture and destruction of a French convoy in the 
Bay of Rosas, Oct. 31st, 1809, on which occasion he was 
slightly wounded, is thus spoken of by Lord Collingwood, to 
whose flag-ship he had been removed from the Lavinia : 

" Many officers in the fleet were desirous of being volunteers in this 
service. I could not resist the earnest request of Lieutenants Lord Vis- 



See Vol. II. Part I. p. 418, etseq. 
f See Vol. I. Part I. p. 53. \ See Id. p. 431 . See Id. p. 289. 



425 ADDENDA TO POST-CAPTAINS OP 1814. 

count Balgonie, the Hon. James Ashley Maude, and the Hon. William 
Waldegrave, of the Ville de Paris, to have the command of boats, in which 
they displayed that spirit which is inherent in them *." 

In Nov. 1809, Lieutenant Maude received an order to act 
as commander of the Wizard sloop, in which vessel he was 
first employed, under Captain the Hon. C. Elphinstone Flecm- 
ing, of the Bulwark 74, in destroying all the batteries between 
Tarifa and Gibraltar, with the concurrence of the Spanish 
authorities ; and subsequently, in convoying some transports 
laden with corn, from Sardinia to Cadiz. Whilst performing 
the latter service, he suffered severely from the effects of fever, 
and was consequently obliged to invalid. His commission 
as commander bears date Oct. 22d, 1810. 

We now lose sight of Captain Maude until Feb. 15th, 1812, 
when he was appointed to the Nemesis 28, armed en flute. 
In this ship, after escorting troops to Lisbon and Catalonia, 
he convoyed a fleet of transports to North America, where 
he was very actively employed, under the immediate orders 
of Rear- Admiral (now Sir George) Cockburn ; particularly at 
the capture of Portsmouth and Ocracoke Island, in North Ca- 
rolina, July 12th, 1813. In the rear-admiral's official letter, 
on this occasion, it is stated, that Captain Maude, "with 
much laudable zeal," attended to render him his personal as- 
sistance wherever circumstances might require it f. 

When on his return from the Halifax station, Captain 
Maude fell in with the Actaeon sloop, and assisted in cap- 
turing a French schooner privateer, of 14 guns and 95 men. 
He paid off the Nemesis, at Plymouth, in Mar. 1814 ; ob- 
tained post rank on the llth of the same month; and was 
next appointed, Oct. 18th following, to the Favorite 26. In 
the beginning of 1815, he took out the treaty of peace, con- 
cluded at Ghent, between Great Britain and America ; and 
on the 13th March, only nineteen days after his departure 
from Washington, he arrived at the Foreign Office with the 
ratification of the same, by the President and Senate of the 
United States. 



* SeeSuppl. Part If!, p. 159. 
f See Suppl. Part. IV. p. 212. 



ADDENDA TO POST-CAPTAINS OF 1814. 42/ 

After the battle of Waterloo, Captain Maude was des- 
patched to India, with the intelligence of Napoleon's over- 
throw ; and he appears to have reached Madras on the 
same day that the overland express arrived there. In 
July, 1816, he discovered several islands on the southern 
side of the Persian Gulph, previously unknown to European 
navigators. In June, 1817, the Favorite, then at Deptford, 
and about to be paid off, he commanded a division of boats, 
under the orders of Captain Andrew King, at the opening of 
Waterloo Bridge, by his late Majesty George IV. 

Captain Maude's next appointment was, May 15th, 1824, 
to the Dartmouth 42, fitting out for the Jamaica station ; 
where his boats, under the command of Lieutenant Henry 
Warde, captured two piratical vessels ; one mounting a long 
12-pounder on a pivot, and manned with about fifty well 
armed desperadoes, some of whom were killed, and twelve 
taken prisoners to Havannah. 

Whilst thus employed in the protection of trade on the 
coast of Cuba, Captain Maude was recalled home, to take the 
command of the Glasgow 50, his appointment to which ship 
bears date Feb. 9th, 1825. In Oct. following, he took out 
Viscount Strangford, H. M. ambassador to the Court of St. 
Petersburgh ; and on his return from Cronstadt, towards the 
end of November, was sent to join the squadron in the Tagus, 
under the orders of Lord Amelius Beauclerk. He subse- 
quently proceeded to the Mediterranean, and there received 
the insignia of a C. B. and the Orders of St. Louis and St. 
Anne, for his conduct at the battle of Navarin, Oct. 20th, 
182/. The following are extracts of his commander-in- 
chief's official letter to the Lord High Admiral, reporting the 
issue of that action : 

" The French frigate Armide was directed to place herself alongside 
the outermost (Turco-Egyptian) frigate, on the left hand entering the 
harbour ; and the Cambrian, Glasgow, and Talhot next to her, and abreast 
of the Asia, Genoa, and Albion; the Dartmouth and the Musqnito, the 
Rose, the Brisk, and the Philomel, were to look after six fire-vessels, at 
the entrance of the harbour. * * * * Captain Fellowes executed 
the part allotted to him perfectly; and with the able assistance of his little, 
but brave detachment, saved the Syrcnc (French flag-ship) from being 



428 ADDENDA TO POST CAPTAINS OF 1825. 

burnt by the fire-vessels. And the Cambrian, Glasgow, and Talbot, fol- 
lowing the fine example of Capitaine Hugon, of the Armide, who was 
opposed to the leading frigate of that line, effectually destroyed their op- 
ponents, and also silenced the batteries." 

Captain Maude continued on the Mediterranean station 
until Aug. 1828 ; and paid off the Glasgow, at Chatham, on 
the 8th of the following month. 

This officer married, Oct. 18th, 1817, Albinia Brodrick, 
second daughter of his Grace the Hon. Charles Brodrick, 
D. D., the Archbishop of Cashel. 



THOMAS SMITH, ESQ. 

WE omitted to state in Vol. III. Part I., that this officer, 
while serving as midshipman under Captain (now Sir Thomas) 
Baker, was in the action between the Nemesis 28, and the 
Danish frigate Freya, near Ostend, July 25th, 1800*. 

After the capture, by Sir R. J. Strachan, of the four French 
line-of-battle ships which had escaped from Nelson's victo- 
rious fleet off Trafalgar, he was sent to assist the present 
Captain Alexander Cunningham, then first lieutenant of the 
Hero 74, in conducting into port the JDuguay-Trouin 74f- 
He was subsequently turned over from the Phrenix to la 
Didon, which frigate, as we have before stated, he had 
assisted in capturing ; but as Captain Baker's expected ap- 
pointment to the latter ship did not immediately take place, 
he was in a short time after this transfer placed under 
Captain the Hon. Henry Blackwood, in the Ajax 80 ; and 
he appears to have been mate of the watch when that 
ship took fire, near the Island of Tenedos, in the night 
of Feb. 14th, 1807. On that terrific occasion, he displayed 
great activity in endeavouring to subdue the flames ; and 
when all hopes of arresting their progress were at an end, 
he, not being able to swim, retreated to the bowsprit, on 
which he remained till it took fire, obliging him, at all risks 3 



* Ste Vol. I. Part II. p. 830. 
t See id. p. 831. , 



CAPTAIN OF 1832. 429 

to jump overboard. Rescued from a watery grave by a boat 
belonging to the Thunderer 74, he was received on board the 
flag-ship of Sir W. Sidney Smith ; and after the retreat 
of the British squadron from the sea of Marmora, we find 
him with Captain Blackwood, in the Warspite 74. He was 
taken prisoner by the two French national luggers mentioned 
in Vol. III. Part I. p. 273, while commanding a boat sent from 
the Lyra sloop to row guard off Quiberon ; on which occasion 
he maintained a running fight with the enemy until all his 
ammunition was expended, and a midshipman and two of 
his men wounded. When in command of the Cherokee sloop, 
in Nov. 1818, he conveyed the Archduke Maximilian of 
Austria to Ireland ; and that august personage was so pleased 
with his attention that he presented him with a gold snuff 
box. In addition to the services thus briefly noticed, Captain 
Smith has been very actively employed at various other times 
and borne a part in several severe boat actions. 



ANDREW ATKINS VINCENT, ESQ. 

A Gentleman of the Privy Chamber to Her Majesty the Queen. 

THIS officer is descended from a family of the same name 
long settled in Essex. He commenced his naval career 
in 1797> and served as midshipman on board the Victorious 
74, Captain William Clarke, employed in the East Indies, 
until 1801 ; when he joined the Suffolk 74, and in that 
ship returned to England. We next find him serving under 
Captain William Henry Jervis, with whom he was wrecked 
in the Magnificent 74, near Brest, Mar. 25th, 1804. 

About May following, Mr. Vincent rejoined Captain Jervis, 
then just appointed to the Tonriant 80, stationed off Ferrol. 
During a subsequent cruise in the Bay of Biscay, this ship 
had her main- mast much damaged, one man killed, and ten 
persons "severely injured, by lightning. On the 26th Jan. 
1805, her captain was unfortunately drowned, by the upset- 
ting of a boat, while proceeding with despatches to the com- 
mander-in chief of the Channel fleet *. 

* See Vol III. Part I. p. 274. 



430 CAPTAIN OF 1832. 

From this period until Jan. 1806, when he obtained the 
rank of lieutenant, Mr. Vincent served in 1' Unite" 38, Cap- 
tain (now Sir Charles) Ogle, on the Mediterranean station. 
His first appointment, as a commissioned officer, was to the 
Laurel 22, Captain John Charles Woolcombe, in which ship 
he proceeded to the Cape of Good Hope station, where, after a 
long cruise off the Isle of France, we find him exchanging into 
the Grampus 50, Captain James Haldane Tait, with whom 
he I'eturned home in the summer of 1809: previously re- 
ceiving the thanks of Vice- Admiral Albemarle Bertie, for his 
activity in assisting to extinguish a fire on board the Lightning 
sloop of war. His subsequent appointments as lieutenant, 
were, about Feb. 1810, to be senior of the Owen Glendower 
36, Captain William Selby, which ship was successively em- 
ployed in blockading two French frigates at Cherbourg, in 
convoying the outward bound trade to Quebec, and assisting 
at the defence of Cadiz : Oct. 2d. 1812, to the Belle Poule 
38, Captain George Harris, then stationed in the Bay of 
Biscay, and afterwards forming part of the squadron under 
Rear- Admiral Penrose, employed intheriverGironde : lastly, 
Nov. 24th, 1814, to the Cornwallis 74, fitting out for the flag 
of the late Sir George Burlton, commander-in-chief on the 
East India station. 

While serving under Captains Selby and Harris, the sub- 
ject of this sketch assisted in capturing the under-mentioned 
French privateers and American letters of marque, the latter 
with valuable cargoes, from New York and Charlestown, 
bound to Bourdeaux : 
La Camille, lugger, of 14 guns and 58 men, Mar. 10th "I 

L' Jndomptable, cutter, 18 120 , Oct. 1st J 

Grand Napoleon, schooner, 4 32 , April 3d "I 

Revenge, 4 32 , May llth J 1813 *' 

On the night of April 6tb, 1814, Lieutenant Vincent wit- 
nessed the destruction by fire (to avoid being captured) of 
the French 74-gun ship Regulus, the corvette Sans Souci, 
and two brigs of war; which squadron, having been pursued 

* Although mounting only four guns each, one of the Americans was 
pierced for 22, and the other for 16 guns. 



CAPTAIN OF 1832. 431 

up the Gironde, had sought protection under the guns of Fort 
Talmont. He subsequently commanded a division of seamen 
employed in destroying the enemy's batteries on the right 
bank of that river, and was one of the officers who received 
the public thanks of Lord Keith and Rear-Adniiral Penrose 
for their distinguished conduct during the whole of the opera- 
tions preceding the occupation of Bourdeaux *. 

On the demise of Sir George Burlton, at Madras, Sept. 
21st, 1815, Mr Vincent, his flag-lieutenant, was selected to 
carry home despatches from the Hon. Hugh Elliot, governor 
of that presidency ; who was pleased, in the strongest terms 
and most handsome manner, to represent to Viscount Mel- 
ville, then at the head of naval affairs, the ability and atten- 
tion he had invariably displayed in the execution of his 
official duties. On his return to England, he was made 
a commander, by commission dated Feb. 6th, 1816; and, 
we believe, he soon afterwards became honored with the 
intimacy of our present most graciousjiionarch ; from whom, 
when Duke of Clarence, he received a handsome sword 
as a mark of H. R. H.'s esteem and friendship. He attended 
the same illustrious personage, as equery, at the funeral of 
King George the Third ; and served in the capacity of naval 
officer at Deal during the period that H. R. H. held the 
appointment of Lord High Admiral. On the demise of King 
George IV., his august patron was graciously pleased to 
appoint him a gentleman of the Privy Chamber to her Majesty 
Queen Adelaide, and to confer upon him the cross of the 
Royal Hanoverian Guelphic Order. On the 14th May, 1832, 
having qualified himself for further promotion, by serving in 
the William and Mary yacht, Captain Samuel Warren, C. B. 
and Talayera 74, Captain David Colby, he was advanced 
to the rank of Captain. 

This officer has been twice wounded once in the head, 
when boarding an enemy's vessel; and, on another occasion, 
through the thigh. 



See Suppl. Part II. pp. 237 -'9 



432 ADDENDA TO COMMANDERS. 

ROBERT BENJAMIN YOUNG, ESQ. 
(See Vol. III. Part II. p. 403 et seq.) 

AT the attack of Ovvia, in the Island of St. Vincent, 
this officer had eight men killed and wounded in his 
own boat, half of them belonging to the Thorn sloop, 
the others to H. M. 60th regiment. La Bonne Citoyenne 
and the frigates attached to the fleet under Sir John 
Jervis, at the battle off Cape St. Vincent, were not mere 
spectators on that occasion; they participated in the en- 
gagement, by exchanging several broadsides with various 
Spanish ships of the line. After this great victory, and while 
the said sloop was under repair at Gibraltar, Lieutenant 
Young volunteered his services, and commanded a gun-boat 
in two successful actions with a Franco-Spanish flotilla, 
of superior force, sent from Algeziras, to cut off some valuable 
British and other merchantmen making for the rock. Previ- 
ous to his leaving la Bonne Citoyenne, he received a severe 
bruise by the heart of the main-top-mast falling (shot away) 
while he was training the forecastle guns at a Spanish man- 
of-war steering for Cadiz. 



FRANCIS CHARLES ANNESLEY, ESQ. 

(Seep. 306.) 

AFTER quitting the Pilot sloop, this officer served as lieu- 
tenant of the Grampus 50, Vestal 28, and Venerable 74. In 
1814, he was successively appointed acting commander of the 
Satellite 18, and Spider 16. 



JOHN DEBENHAM, ESQ. 

(See p. 313, et seq.} 

THE prize line-of-battle ship in which this officer served 
under lieutenant (now superannuated Rear-Admiral) Alex- 



ADDENDA &C. TO COMMANDERS. 433 

der Wilson, was the Alexander, formerly a British 74. On 
his return from her to the Prince of Wales 98, he was sent 
for by Rear- Admiral Henry Harvey, who, to his great as- 
tonishment, told him that the lieutenant had written a letter 
in his favor, stating that it was in a great measure owing to 
his exertions that the said prize was got safely into port : the 
Rear-Admiral, after expressing entire approbation of his con- 
duct, added, " if you continue to behave well, I shall always 
be your friend," a promise which that distinguished veteran, 
to whom he was previously but little if at all known, made a 
point of conscience and honor to perform, notwithstanding 
Mr. Debenham had, in the interim, fallen under his dis- 
pleasure, by beating no less a personage than his own cook. 
On giving the young man a lieutenant's commission, he ob- 
served, " I will not let my personal anger stand in the way of 
fulfilling a promise made to one in every other respect de- 
serving 1" 

The Invincible, to which ship Mr. Debenham was then ap- 
pointed, had previously lost all her lieutenants, except one, by 
yellow fever ; both he and her captain had suffered severely 
from the same dreadful disease ; the master and half of the 
ship's company had fallen victims to it. Of the remainder of 
the crew, several were Irish seamen, liberated from French 
prisons in the year 1796, after having been well tutored how 
to act as apostles of rebellion in the British fleet*. Often, 
on board the Invincible, ropes were found to be cut, without 
any one but the recreants themselves knowing how or by 
whom j but they were such as only marked the malevolence 
of the wretches, without doing any harm. On the arrival of 
a ship from England, with intelligence of the general mutiny 
at Spithead, the Invincible was lying in Fort Royal Bay, 
Martinique. Shortly afterwards, while Captain Cayley was 
dining with the Admiral, and Lieutenant Debenham carrying 
on the duty of the ship as commanding officer, the men, in- 
stead of going aloft to furl sails when ordered, began to cry 



* See Memoirs of T. Wolfe Tone , by his son. 
VOL. IV, PART I. 2 B 



434 ADDENDA to COMMANDERS. 

out " No more irons no more flogging." The captain of the 
main-top being foremost in this act of insubordination, was 
immediately collared by Lieutenant Debenham, and given in 
charge of the sentry at the cabin door : the marines were 
then got under arms, and the affair soon terminated without 
any act of violence, no other ship's company having evinced 
a similar rebellious spirit. The clamour raised against Lieu- 
tenant Debenham, of which we have takeimotice in p. 313, 
was but a mere pretence, to get rid of an officer determined 
upon maintaining strict discipline. 

When returning home as first lieutenant of the Favorite 
sloop, Mr. Deberiliam discovered that the magnetic force of 
an iron staunchion, placed by chance exactly under the double 
binnacle on the quarter-deck, had long affected the compasses 
to the extent of two points, without any one being aware of 
the circumstance. 

This meritorious officer's second son, Frederick Debenham, 
now nearly twenty years of age, was placed on the list of can- 
didates for a commission in the royal marines, by command 
of his present Majesty, when Lord High Admiral, in 1828 ; 
and is, we believe, still continued thereon by Sir James Gra- 
ham ; but, unfortunately, without much prospect of soon ob- 
taining that appointment, for which alone he is now fit. 



END CH? VOL. IV. PART 1. 



W. Poj)le, Printer, 
17, Chancery Lane. 



ROYAL 

NAVAL BIOGRAPHY; 

OR, 

Jfflemou:^ of tf>c g>ertme 

OF ALL THE 

FLAG-OFFICERS, 

SUPERANNUATED REAR-ADMIRALS, 
RETIRED-CAPTAINS, 

POST-CAPTAINS, 
AND COMMANDERS, 

Whose Names appeared on the Admiralty List of Sea-Officers at the commence- 
ment of the year 1823, or who have since been promoted ; 

Illustrated by a Series of 

HISTORICAL AND EXPLANATORY NOTES, 

Which will be found to contain an account of all the 

NAVAL ACTIONS, AND OTHER IMPORTANT EVENTS, 

FROM THE COMMENCEMENT OF THE LATE REIGN, IN 
TO THE PRESENT PERIOD. 

WITH COPIOUS ADDENDA. 



BY JOHN MARSHALL (B), 

LIEUTENANT IN THE ROYAL NAVY. 



" Failures, however frequent, may admit of extenuation and apology. To have attempted 
" much is always laudable, even when the enterprise is above the strength that undertakes it. 
" To deliberate whenever I doubted, to enquire whenever I was ignorant, would have protracted 
" the undertaking without end, and perhaps without improvement. I saw that one enquiry only 
' gave occasion to another, that book referred to book, that to search was not always tofind, and 
" to find was not always to be informed ; and that thus to pursue perfection, was, like the first 
" inhabitants of Arcadia, to chase the sun, which, when they had reached the bill where he 

teemed to rest, wa ttill beheld at the same distance from them." Johnson. 



VOL. IV. PART II. 



llon&on : 

PRINTED FOR LONGMAN, HEES, ORME, BROWN, QUEEN, AND LONGMAN, 
PATERNOSTER ROW. 

1835. 









W. POPLE, PBITTfEU, 

67, <JANCBnY i AXT. 



CONTENTS OF VOL. IV. PART II. 



FLAG-OFFICERS. 



Page 



Colville, Right Hon. Lord - 436 

Gosselin, Thomas Le Marchant 416 

Hamilton, Sir Edward - 439 

Harvey, Sir John - - 414 

Otway, Sir Robert Waller - 427 

Rowley, Sir Charles - - 419 

CAPTAINS. 

Bayfield, Henry Wolsey - 530 

Beaufort, Francis - - 452 

Boss, John George - - 525 

Broughton, William - - 474 

Bullen, Charles - 444 

Burnett, William - - 530 

Carew, Thomas - 490 

Churchill, Lord Henry J. S. 471 

Clement, Benjamin - - 453 

Clifford, Sir Augustus W. J. 453 

Crowdy, Charles - - - 528 

Dance, W. Townsend - - 530 

Dickinson, Thomas (b) - 486 

Dickson, Archibald - - 447 

Duff, Archibald - - - 450 

Duncan, Hon. Sir Henry - 449 

Duncombe, Hon. Arthur - 534 

Dundas, James W. Deans - 451 

Ellice, Alexander - - 477 

Fellowes, Sir Thomas - - 452 

Fitz-Roy, Lord William - 448 

Fitzroy, Robert - 535 

Foley, Osborne - 487 

Forbes, Andrew - 332 

Garland, James - 472 

Glascock, William Nugent 490 

Greene, W. Burnaby - - 531 

Greville, Henry Francis - 483 

Grey, Hon. George - 531 

Hamley, William - - 534 

Harrison, Joseph - - 485 

Hay, Patrick Duff Henry - 526 

Hayes, John ... 445 

Hindmarsh, John - , - 474 

Hotham, Charles - - 525 

Humphreys, Sir Saluabury Pryce 449 

Huskisson, Thomas - - 452 



Page 

Laugharne, Thomas L. P. - 479 

Laws, John Milligan - - 486 

Lihou, John ... 487 

Mackay, Donald Hugh - 450 

Macnamara, Burton - - 526 

Mansel, Thomas 530 

Mansell, Thomas - - 467 

Marshall, James - 483 

Marsham, Henry Shovell - 527 

Oliver, Robert (b) - - 533 

Onslow, John James - - 531 

Paulet, Right Hon. Lord George 526 

Percy, Hon. William Henry 454 

Philltmore, Sir John - - 451 

Radford, Samuel - - 482 

Radstock, Right Hon. Lord - 451 

Ribouleau, Peter - 441 

Ross, James Clark - - 535 

Russell, Right Hon. Lord Edward 527 

Seymour, Sir George Francis 450 

Shannon, Rodney - - 533 

Smith, George - - - 481 

Tayler, Joseph Needham - 454 

Townshend, John - - 534 

Vincent, Andrew Atkins - 482 

Warren, Samuel - - 444 

Williams, Charles Hamlyn - 483 

Wyvill, Christopher - - 478 

COMMANDERS. 

Addington, William Silvester 358 

Aldridge, John Williams - 391 

Allen, William Edward Hughes 307 

Allen, John James - - 384 

Allison, John ... 172 

Andoe, Robert - 58 

Appleby, John Frederick - 306 

Arthur, William Stephens - 146 

Atkinson, Henry Esch - 218 

Austin, Horatio Thomas - 369 

Back, George - 394 

Bagwell, Paul Piercy - - 351 

Baird, Andrew - 184 

Baker, John Popham 51 

Baker, George 96 

Baker, Thomas - - - 389 

Baldey, Robert - 92 



IV 



CONTENTS. 



Ball, Thomas 
Barrow, William 
Barton, Richard 
Barwell, William 
Basden, Charles 
Bayly, James 



Page 
305 
383 
169 
352 
321 
302 



Beauclerk, Lord Fred. C. P. - 392 

Beaumont, Richard - - 158 

Beckford, John Leigh 94 

Beer, Thomas - - - 171 

Belcher, Edward - - 322 

Bell, Charles 363 

Bennett, James Cooper - 211 

Bevis, Thomas - 333 

Bingham, Parker Duckworth 217 

Bishop, Henry William - 357 

Bissett, George - 360 

Blackwood, Francis Price - 366 

Blair, Charles 366 

Blake, George Charles 66 

Blake, Patrick John - - 349 

Blakiston, Thomas 60 

Blanckley, Edward - - 178 

Blois, John Ralph 58 

Blow, John Aitken - - 180 

Bolton, Henry - 335 

Bond, Thomas Baring - 176 

Bond, John Holmes - - 309 

Bonifant, Bartholomew 13 

Booth, James Richard - 347 

Borthwick, Alexander 24 

Boteler, Henry 40 

Boteler, John Harvey - 349 

Boultbee, Frederick Moore - 320 

Boxer, William - - - 125 

Boyce, Frederick - - 138 

Branford, John - - 47 

Brasier, James - - - 115 

Bray, Josias - - - 150 

Bridges, George Francis - 22 

Brigstocke, Thomas Rohert - 53 

Broke, Philip - - - 295 

Brown, William Cheselden - 384 

Bullock, Frederick - - 335 

Burnet, Charles - 387 

Burney, James - 347 

Bushby, Thomas - - 124 

Butterfield, Edward Harris - 380 

Caiger, Herbert - 238 

Cam milleri, Joseph - - 319 
Capel, Algernon Henry Champagn 369 
Carew, William Henry Hallowell 393 

Carleton, William - - 213 

Carnac, John Rivett - - 226 

Carpenter, Edward John - 231 

Castle, William Langford - 379 

Caulfleld, James " - - 385 

Chambertayne, John - - 306 

Chappell, Edward - - 182 

Chasman, William - - 52 



Page 

Cheape, James - - - 216 

Cheyne, George - - - 61 

Chimley, John - 332 

Christie, Peter ... 252 

Clarke, William Nehemiah - 215 

Cochrane, Charles Stuart - 124 

Cockerell, Richard Howe - 172 

Coffin, Henry Edward - - 338 

Cole, Thomas Edmund 83 

Cole, William John - - 299 

Collingwood, Francis Edward 258 

Conner, Richard (a) - - 294 

Cook, Samuel Edward - 134 

Cornwall, John - - - 212 

Cotesworth, William - - 331 

Cotton, Francis Vere - - 351 

Cowan, Thomas - 232 

Cox, Douglas - 4 

Cragie, Robert - - - 311 

Creagh, James - - - 216 

Crease, Henry ... 56 

Cririe, John - - - 157 

Croker, Charles - - - 172 

Crosbie, Robert - - - 334 

Crouch, Edward Thomas - 77 

Crozier, Richard - - - 231 

Cuppage, Adam - - - 361 

Currie, Mark John - - 125 

Curry, Roger Carley - - 385 

Daniell, George - 332 

Daniell, William - - 212 

Darley, Arthur - 255 

Dawson, William (a) - - 384 

Deans, Robert ... 14 

Deare, Charles - 320 

Delafosse, Edward Hollitigworth 2 

Delm6, George - 266 

Dent, Charles Calmady - 256 

Dent, Digby ... 51 

De Roos, Hon. John F. F. - 261 

De Sausmarez, Durell - 365 

Dickson, David John - - 244 

Dickson, Sir William - - 321 

Dixon, George Farhill - - 333 

Dobsou, George - 382 

Dobson, William Burdett - 159 

Douglas, Arthur James - 345 

Douglas, Hugh Donald Cameron 242 

Douglas, Richard - - 128 

Drake, John - - - 251 

Drew, Andrew - - - 145 

Dunlop, Robert Graham - 102 

Dyer, George Shepherd - 217 

Eager, John - - 153 

Eastwood, Henry Neville - 241 

Edwardes, Hon. William - 253 

Edwards, David - 238 

Edwards, Richard - - 304 

Elliot, Robert James - - 339 

Eliott, Russell - 336 






CONTENTS. 



Page 

Ellis, Henry ... 77 

Elphick, James - - - 76 

English, Charles - - 216 

Erskine, John Elphinstone - 347 

Evance, William Devereux - 14 

Evans, George - 295 

Eveleigh, John - 28 

Fair, Robert - - - 130 

Favell, Thomas - - 245 

Fegen, Richard - - - 265 

Festing, Benjamin Morton - 214 

Finlaison, William 50 

Fitzgerald, John Coghlan - 345 

Foot, Matthew - 390 

Forder, Robert 76 

Forster, John - - - 319 

Frankland, Charles Colville - 149 

Frankland, Edward Augustus 48 

Fraser, Charles - - - 130 

Fraser, John ... 368 

Fraser, Thomas - - - 201 

Frederick, Charles - - 332 

Furber, Thomas - - - 141 

Gambler, Robert Fitzgerald - 250 

Gammon, William Snuggs - 152 

Gardiner, Allen Francis - 210 

Garrett, John ... 392 

Geary, John - - - 368 

Gilbert, Edmund Williams - 117 

Gooch, George Thomas - 136 

Gould, Hugh - - - 358 

Gordon, Hon. John Frederick 298 

Gordon, James (a) - - 52 

Gordon, James (6) - - 394 

Gordon, Robert - - - 5l 

Gore, Hon. Edward - - 299 

Gore, Robert ... y2 

Gostling, Philip - 266 

Graham, Philip - - - 170 

Greene, Thomas ... 390 

Gregory, Thomas - - 387 

Griffith, Richard - - 311 

Griffiths, Joseph 32 

Grint, William 27 
Gunning, Orlando George Sutton 352 

Hackett, John ... 308 

Hagan, Robert - - - 126 

Hall, Percy Fraser - - 230 

Hall, Roger 43 

Halsted, George Anthony - 241 

Hambly, Peter Sampson - 33 

Hamilton, John (J) - - 252 

Hamilton, Joseph - - 318 

Hamilton, William Price - 131 

Handfield, Edward - - 339 

Harding, Francis - - 363 

Hargood, William - - 260 

Harington, Edmund Musgrave 112 

Harnage, George 49 
Harris, Hon. Edward Alfred John 391 



Page 

Hart, Francis - - - 367 

Harvey, John (a) - - 29 

Haswell, William Henry - 359 

Hawes, Edward - 301 

Hay, George James - - 318 

Hay, James Beckford Lewis 386 

Hay, Robert Sinclair - - 253 

Head, Richard John - - 32 

Hellard, Samuel - 360 

Henderson, Thomas - - 393 

Henvey, William - - 212 

Herbert, George Flower - 296 

Herbert, Massy Hutchinson - 33 

Herringham, William Allan - 7 

Hewett, William (6) - - 211 

Higgs, William Henry - - 61 

Hillier, George - - - 131 

Holbech, George - 362 

Holbrook, Thomas - - 268 

Holt, William ... 133 

Home, Sir James Everard - 98 

Hood, William John Thompson 257 

Hope, George - 266 

Hopkinson, Simon 68 

Hough,' John James - - 242 

Howard, Hon. Edward - 390 

Hudson, John (5) - - 379 

Hutcheson, Francis Deanc - 301 

Hutchinson